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1190-1200 Crusade and Richard I Captured

Massacre of the Jews at Stamford

On 07 Mar 1190 at Stamford during the Easter Fair a significant number of the Jewish population were murdered.

Massacre of the Jews at York

On 17 Mar 1190 at York the Jewish population sought protection from violence in Clifford's Tower, York Castle, York.The tower was besieged by the mob of crusaders preparing to leave on the Third Crusade.The Jewish men killed their wives and children, after which they set fire to the wooden keep.Those who did escape were murdered.

Massacre of the Jews at Bury St Edmunds

On 18 Mar 1190 at Bury St Edmunds fifty-seven of the Jewish population were murdered.

Richard I Takes Messina

On 04 Oct 1190 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) attacked and captured Messina.

Richard I arrives Limasol

On 04 Oct 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (34) arrived in Lemesos where he met with Guy I King Jerusalem 1150-1194 (41).

Wedding of King Richard I and Berengaria of Navarre

On 12 May 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) and Berengaria of Navarre Queen Consort England 1165-1230 (26) were married at Chapel of St George.Richard's sister Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 (25) was present.

Richard I Lands at Acre

On 08 Jun 1191 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (33) landed at Acre.

Siege of Acre

In 1190 at the Siege of Acre Routrou Chateaudun IV Count Perche 1135-1191 (55) and Raoul Coucy 1134-1191 (55) were killed.
William Ferrers 3rd Earl Derby 1136-1190 was killed. William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (22) succeeded 4th Earl Derby (1C 1138). Agnes Gernon Countess Derby by marriage Countess Derby (1C 1138).

Richard I's Ransom

In Dec 1194 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) left Orford with her son Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (37) ranson of 100,000 marks in silver and 200 hostages. She was accompanied by Walter de Coutances -1207 and William Longchamp Bishop Ely -1197.!Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (34) was Regent of England in her absence. .

Richard I Released

On 04 Feb 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) was released from his captivity; his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) having brought the ransom of 100,000 pounds of silver. On release Philip V King France 1293-1322 is said to have sent a message to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (27) "Look to yourself; the devil is loose".

Richard Returns to England

On 04 Mar 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) and his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) sailed from Antwerp on board the Trenchemer. The royal admiral, Stephen of Turnham, who was commanding in person, had to employ experienced pilots to take her through the coastal islets and out into the estuary of the Scheldt. It was a long crossing, perhaps deliberately so, to avoid ambush. The Trenchemer was escorted by a large cog from the Cinque port of Rye. .

On 13 Mar 1194 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (36) and his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (72) landed in England at Sandwich. .

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront.During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow.The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77). John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of King John

On 27 May 1199 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) was crowned I King England: Plantagenet Angevin by Hubert Walter Archbishop Canterbury 1160-1205 (39) at Westminster Abbey. .

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.