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1320-1329 Despencer War

Declaration of Arbroath

On 06 Apr 1320 fifty-one Scottish magnates signed a letter to Pope John XXII declaring Scotland to be an independent sovereign state.The signatories included Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333.

Siege of Leeds Castle

In Oct 1321 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (26) was returning from Canterbury to London.She sought accommodation at Leeds Castle which was under the protection of Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) the wife of Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46). Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34) refused entry to the Queen killing around six of her retinue when they tried to force entry. King Edward II of England (37) commenced the Siege of Leeds Castle.Once King Edward II of England (37) gained possession of the castle, he had the garrison hanged from the battlements. Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 (34), her five children, and Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355 (34), her nephew, were imprisoned in the Tower of London.

King Philip V of France Dies King Charles IV Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1322 Philip V King France 1293-1322 (29) died. His Brother Charles IV King France 1294-1328 (27) succeeded IV King France: Capet.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge over the River Ure (between Ripon and York) at Boroughbridge.Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52). . Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46), Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34), John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22), Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (34), Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44), John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) was hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (31) and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were both imprisoned.He in Nottingham Castle, Nottingham and she in Sempringham Priory, Sempringham.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton 1300-1335 (22), Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke 1299-1323 (22), William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (46), Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 (34), Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- and Peter Saltmarsh 1280-1338 (42) fought for the King.
Adam Everingham 1st Baron Laxton 1279-1341 (43) was captured.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed. His Son John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 (15) succeeded 5th Earl Hereford (6C 1199), 4th Earl Essex (3C 1239).

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

On 03 Mar 1323 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (53) was hanged at Carlisle for having negotiated a truce with the Scots despite having successfuly defeated the rebels at the Battle of Boroughbridge a year before for which he was enobled by King Edward II of England (38).

Trial and Execution of Lord Badlesmere

On 14 Apr 1322 Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) was tried by Henry Cobham 1st Baron Cobham 1260-1339 (62) at Canterbury.
Sentenced to death Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) was drawn for three miles behind a horse to Blean, Canterbury, where he held property, where he was beheaded. His head was displayed on the Burgh Gate, Canterbury at Canterbury and the rest of his body left hanging at Blean, Canterbury. He was buried at Whitefriars, Canterbury. His Son Giles Badlesmere 2nd Baron Badlesmere 1314-1338 (7) succeeded 2nd Baron Badlesmere. Elizabeth Montagu Baroness Badlesmere, Baroness Despencer 1324-1359 by marriage Baroness Badlesmere.

Despencer War Executions

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle.

On 23 Mar 1322 at York ...
Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) was hanged. His Brother Robert Clifford 3rd Baron Clifford 1305-1344 (16) succeeded 3rd Baron Clifford.
John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) was hanged. His Son John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (11) succeeded 3rd Baron Mowbray (1C 1283).

Execution of Hugh Despencer

On 24 Nov 1326 Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (40) was hanged in Hereford. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (31) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (39) were present.
He was dragged naked through the streets, for the crowd's mistreatment. He was made a spectacle, which included writing on his body biblical verses against the capital sins he was accused of. Then he was hanged as a mere commoner, yet released before full asphyxiation could happen.
He was then tied firmly to a ladder and his genitals sliced off and burned while he was still conscious. His entrails were slowly pulled out; finally, his heart was cut out and thrown into a fire.
His body was beheaded and cut into four pieces. His head was mounted on the gates of London.

Return of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer

In Oct 1326 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (31) landed at Orford with Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (39), John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (36) and Nicholas Abrichecourt 1290-.

Coronation of Edward III

On 01 Feb 1327 King Edward III England (14) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop Canterbury. .

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park

Before 15 Jun 1327 the Weardale Campaign and the Battle of Stanhope Park commenced with the Scottish army crossed the border into England after truce negotiations had broken down. One army crossed in the west, one in the east.

On 04 Aug 1327 , during the night, James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (41) ambushed King Edward III England (14) camp at Stanhope Park, Weardale. Douglas reached King Edward III England (14) collapsed tent nearly capturing the English King.

On 07 Aug 1327 the Scots quietly broke camp and returned to Scotland. The English did not pursue.

After 07 Aug 1327. The Weardale Campaign had been a success for the Scots. The campaign had been ruinously expensive for the English, costing about £70,000, with the cost of the Hainault mercenaries being £41,000.The campaign led to the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton that brought to an end the First Scottish War of Independence.

Death of Edward II

On 21 Sep 1327 King Edward II of England (43) was murdered at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley.There is speculation as to the manner of his death, and as to whether he died at all.Some believe he may have lived the rest of his life in Europe.

Death of Charles VI of France Sucession of Philip VI

On 01 Feb 1328 Charles IV King France 1294-1328 (33) died. On 01 Apr 1328 His First-Cousin Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (35) succeeded VI King France: Capet Valois. The succession somewhat complicated by Charles' wife Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1297-1326 being pregnant. The child Blanche Capet 1328-1382 was born two months later on 01 Apr 1328. A girl child therefore excluded from the succession confirming Philip's as King. Charles the last of the House of Capet. Philip the first of the House of Valois.

Marriage of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 Jan 1328 King Edward III England (15) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) were married (he was her Second-Cousin) at York Minster, York. Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (13) by marriage as Queen Consort England.

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton

On 17 Mar 1328 Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (53) signed the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,
Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (53), and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of King Edward III England (15) mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (40) rather than King Edward III England (15). Two years after King Edward III England (15) commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence in Aug 1332.

Mortimer Double Marriage and Tournament

On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet 1320-1334 (8) and Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 (6) were married. Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 (9) and Agnes Mortimer 1317-1368 (11) were married. King Edward III England (15) and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41).

Roger Mortimer created Earl of March

In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41) was created 1st Earl March (1C 1328) by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II.