1360-1369 Black Monday Hailstorm

Black Monday Hailstorm

On 13 Apr 1360 a freak weather event known as Black Monday Hailstorm occurred as the army of King Edward III England (47) were camped outside Chartres. Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (47), William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (50), Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (50), Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (29) and Walter Mauny were present. Around one thousand English were killed, with up to six thousand horses. King Edward III England (47) believed the event to be an Act of God and proceeded to negotiate with the French resulting in the Treaty of Bretigny.

On 28 Apr 1360 Guy Beauchamp -1360 died from injuries received during the Black Monday Hailstorm.

Treaty of Brétigny

On 24 Oct 1360 , three weeks after the Black Monday Hailstorm, King Edward III England (47) and John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41), and their eldest sons Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (30) and the future Charles V King France 1338-1380 (22), ratified the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. Louis Valois-Anjou I Duke Anjou 1339-1384 (21) and John Valois 1st Duke Berry 1340-1416 (19) were given as hostages. Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (18) was ransomed. The treaty confirmed lands held by King Edward III England (47) including Aquitaine. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) was ransomed for three million écus being released after the payment of the first third.

Release of King John II of France

Around 30 June 1360 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (41) left the Tower of London and proceeded to Eltham Palace where Queen Philippa (46) had prepared a great farewell entertainment. Passing the night at Dartford, he continued towards Dover, stopping at the Maison Dieu of St Mary at Ospringe, and paying homage at the shrine of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury on 04 July 1360. He dined with the Black Prince (30) at Dover Castle, and reached English-held Calais on 08 July 1360.

Death of Henry of Grosmont

On 23 Mar 1361 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (51) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. He was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester. His daughter Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (15) succeeded 5th Earl Lancaster. His daughter Maud Plantagenet Duchess Lower Bavaria 1339-1362 (21) succeeded 5th Earl of Leicester (2C 1265).

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (31) and Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed) at Windsor Castle. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince Wales.
His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

Pleading in English Act (36 Edward III c 15)

In 1362 the Pleading in English Act (36 Edward III c 15) required Parliamentary and judicial business to be conducted in English rather than Norman French.

Battle of Brignais

On 06 Apr 1362 at the Battle of Brignais ...
James Bourbon Count La Marche 1319-1362 (43) was killed. His son Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (18) succeeded I Count La Marche
His son Pierre Bourbon 1342-1362 (20) was killed.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence (1C 1362). Elizabeth Burgh 4th Countess Ulster 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence (1C 1362).
John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster (2C 1362). Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 by marriage Duke Lancaster (2C 1362).

Death of John II King France

On 01 July 1363 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) died at Savoy Palace, Strand. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (24) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

Hundred Years War Breton War of Succession

Battle of Auray

On 29 Sep 1364 Battle of Auray decided the Breton Succession in favour of John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (25). The Breton and English army was commanded by John Chandos 1320-1369 (44) and included William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (34), Miles Stapleton 1320-1364 (44) and Hugh Calveley 1324-1394 (40). Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany 1319-1364 (45) was killed. Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (44) surrendered. .

Castillian Civil War

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera. The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367, Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21), John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33). The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47). The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.
John Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-1367 (36) was killed. His son Robert Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1358-1413 (9) succeeded 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley. Margaret Despencer Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1415 by marriage Baroness Ferrers Chartley.

Battle of Montiel

On 14 Mar 1369 the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) defeated that of his half-brother Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) at the Battle of Montiel. Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) 's army was commanded by Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (49). Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) escaped to the castle of Montiel, La Mancha.

Death of Peter I King Castile

On 23 Mar 1369 Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (34) was murdered by his half-brother Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) outside the wall of the castle of Montiel, La Mancha. His brother Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (35) succeeded II King Castile.