1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses, Warwick Rebels
Execution of Warwick's Supporters
17 Jan 1469
Warwick's supporters were executed in
in the presence of
Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (26)
Thomas Hungerford -1469 was beheaded . His daughter Mary Hungerford 4th Baroness Hungerford 1468-1533 (1) succeeded as 4th Baron Hungerford .
Henry Courtenay -1469 was beheaded .
Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville
On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed) by George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) . Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence (3C 1461) .
Battle of Edgecote Moor
26 Jul 1469
the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the
Battle of Edgecote Moor
. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (34)
William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (46)
Thomas Vaughan 1400-1469 (69) , John Wogan -1469 , Henry Neville 1437-1469 (32) , John Conyers 1420-1469 (49) and Oliver Dudley 1437-1469 (32) were killed . Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (30) , John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (58) and William Parr KG 1434-1483 (35) fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) were captured.
Richard Herbert 1423-1469 (46) was beheaded .
On 27 Jul 1469 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (46) was executed . His son William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (18) succeeded as 2nd Earl Pembroke (8C 1468) , 2nd Baron Herbert Raglan , 2nd Baron Herbert Powis . Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke by marriage Countess Pembroke (8C 1468) .
Capture of Edward IV
Execution of the Woodvilles
12 Aug 1469
Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at
by supporters of
Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41)
Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) was beheaded . His son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (29) succeeded as 2nd Earl Rivers (1C 1466) .
John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) was beheaded .
Execution of the Neville Brothers
On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York, Yorkshire in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.
On Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (42) was executed at Queen's Cross, Stamford, Lincolnshire during the Welles' Rebellion . His son Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 succeeded as 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby
On 19 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby -1470 was beheaded at Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire during the Welles' Rebellion . He was buried at Whitefriars, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, Yorkshire . His sister Joan Welles 9th Baroness Willoughby Eresby -1475 succeeded as 9th Baron Willoughby Eresby .
Battle of Nibley Green
20 Mar 1470
the army of
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (44)
Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (35)
defeated the army of
Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21)
Nibley Green, Berkeley, Gloucestershire
Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) was killed . His sister Elizabeth Talbot Viscountess Lisle -1487 succeeded as 3rd Baron Lisle (4C 1444) .
On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42) , Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47) . Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were formally betrothed as part of the Agreement.
Edward IV escapes to Flanders
Re-adeption of Henry VI
Execution of John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester
Edward V born in Sanctuary
On 02 Nov 1470 the future Edward V was born to Edward IV (28) and Elizabeth Woodville (33) in Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey .His father was abroad in Flanders .His Godparents included the Abbot and Prior of Westminster, and Elizabeth St John Baroness Scrope Bolton, Baroness Zouche Harringworth -1494 .
Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville
On 13 Dec 1470 Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed as Princess Wales.
Edward IV lands at Ravenspur
Battle of Barnet
14 Apr 1471
Edward IV (28)
commanded at the
Battle of Barnet
supported by hos brothers
John Babington 1423-1485 (48)
Wiliam Hastings (40)
Ralph Hastings -1495
William Norreys 1441-1507 (30)
William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37)
John Savage 1422-1495 (49)
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45)
Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40)
Thomas Strickland -1494
The Yorkists William Blount -1471 , Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed . Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed .
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed . His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Saye and Sele . Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele .
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed .
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed .
Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth
Battle of Tewkesbury
04 May 1471
Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29)
was victorious at the
Battle of Tewkesbury
His brother Richard (18) , Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) , George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46) , George Browne 1440-1483 (31) , Ralph Hastings -1495 , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38) , James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16) , Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed . He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed . Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed
Death of Henry VI
Edward created Prince of Wales
Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville
On 12 Jul 1472 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) were married (he was her first-cousin once-removed) at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster Palace, Westminster . Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (16) by marriage Duchess Gloucester (3C 1461) .
Anne Neville declared Legally Dead
Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47)
legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that
Edward IV's (31)
two younger brothers
, who had married
Anne Beauchamp's (47)
respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband
Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471
had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 , younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker , had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet.He, George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) , died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne.Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male.Upon the death of George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56) .
06 Jun 1474 . Westminster . Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll .Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21) , of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster , 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24) , and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle , late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47) , his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield, Derbyshire and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales , late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.
Death of King Henry IV of Castile
Treaty of Picquigny
29 Aug 1475
Edward IV (33)
Treaty of Picquigny
; in effect a non-aggression pact or, possiblY, a protection racket. France would pay Edward a pension of 50,000 crowns per year as long as he didn't invade France.
Cardinal Bourchier (57)
arbitrated on behalf of Edward.
William Hastings (44)
received a pension of 2000 crowns per year,
John Howard (50)
and Thomas Montgomery
each, Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York (52)
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (55)
Edward's youngest brother Richard (22) opposed the Treaty considering it dishonourable. Roger Cheney 1442-1499 (33) was present at the signing, and remained as a hostage until Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) returned to England.
Death of the Duke of Norfolk
On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (31) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk . Suspicious since he was only 32. His daughter Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) succeeded as 8th Earl Norfolk (3C 1312) , 11th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 12th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . His only child Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (3) who inherited the vast Mowbray estates was subsequently married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- two years later.
Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York
On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York , his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) , George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26) , Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45) , Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36) .
Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho
22 Dec 1476
Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25)
died in childbirth
George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27)
believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477
. Her son
Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (1)
Earl Warwick (1C 1088)
On 12 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was arrested at Keyford, Somerset and taken to Bath, Somerset .
On 13 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 taken to Cirencester, Gloucestershire .
On 15 Apr 1477 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was hanged at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire . John Thursby -1477 was executed at Myton Gallows, Warwick, Warwickshire .
In 1478 Ankarette Twynyho -1477 was pardoned by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34) .
Battle of Nancy
On 05 Jan 1477 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (43) was killed at the Battle of Nancy . His daughter Mary Valois-Burgundy Duchess Burgundy 1457-1482 (19) succeeded as Duke Burgundy .
Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray
On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster .She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11) , Mary (10) and Cecily (8) .The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.
Execution of George Duke of Clarence
On 18 Feb 1478 Edward's brother George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was executed; drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine (allegedly) in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London . William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.