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1600-1603 Essex Rebellion, Elizabeth's Death
Battle of Nieuwpoort
On 02 Jul 1600 the Battle of Nieuwpoort took place at Nieuwpoort in Flanders.
Charles Drury -1600 was killed.
On 05 Jun 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was tried by before a commission of 18 men. He had to hear the charges and evidence on his knees. Essex was convicted, was deprived of public office, and was returned to virtual confinement.
In Aug 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was released. His monopoly on sweet wines was not, however, renewed, effectively bankrupting him.
On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House, Strand. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised.When he returned to Essex House, Strand he found the hostages gone. Essex House, Strand was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65). Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (27) surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months.He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator. .
On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (43) was visited by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at his house Gracechurch Street. Smythe was later accused of complicity in the Essex Rebellion, he was examined before the Privy Council. He was fired from his office of sheriff and committed to the Tower of London.
After 08 Feb 1601 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 was sentenced to death during the Essex Rebellion. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland on the advice of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 commuted the punishment to life imprisonment.
On 05 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) stood trial for high treason for their part in the Essex Rebellion ; both were found guilty.
Baptism of Prince Charles
On 25 Dec 1600 Alexander Livingston 1st Earl Linlithgow -1621 was created 1st Earl Linlithgow on the occasion of the Baptism of Prince Charles.
East India Company Chartered
On 31 Dec 1600 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (67) granted a Royal Charter to the Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies aka the East India Company led by George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (42) by which they received a monopoloy on trade with the East Indies. Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (42) was appointed first Governor of the East India Company.
Death of Queen Elizabeth
On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond around three in the morning.
Her First-Cousin Twice-Removed James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.
Funeral of Elizabeth I
On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar Painter 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.