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1600-1603 Essex Rebellion, Elizabeth's Death

Battle of Nieuwpoort

On 02 Jul 1600 the Battle of Nieuwpoort took place at Nieuwpoort in Flanders.
Charles Drury -1600 was killed.

Essex Rebellion

On 05 Jun 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was tried by before a commission of 18 men. He had to hear the charges and evidence on his knees. Essex was convicted, was deprived of public office, and was returned to virtual confinement.

In 1590 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24).

Around 1596 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30).

Around 1597 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (35). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (31).

In Aug 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (34) was released. His monopoly on sweet wines was not, however, renewed, effectively bankrupting him.

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House, Strand. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised.When he returned to Essex House, Strand he found the hostages gone. Essex House, Strand was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65). Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (27) surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months.He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator. .

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (44).

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (43) was visited by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at his house Gracechurch Street. Smythe was later accused of complicity in the Essex Rebellion, he was examined before the Privy Council. He was fired from his office of sheriff and committed to the Tower of London.

After 08 Feb 1601 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 was sentenced to death during the Essex Rebellion. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland on the advice of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 commuted the punishment to life imprisonment.

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1602 John Critz 1551-1642 (51). Portrait of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (38).

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London during the Essex Rebellion.

On 05 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) stood trial for high treason for their part in the Essex Rebellion ; both were found guilty.

On 18 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (36) was beheaded for their part in the Essex Rebellion.

In Jul 1601 John Lyttelton 1561-1601 (40) died in the Queen's Bench Prison, Southwark havign been tried for high treason for involvement in the Essex Rebellion.

Baptism of Prince Charles

On 23 Dec 1600 the future King Charles I was baptised at Holyrood Palace. He was created Duke Albany (4C 1600).

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

On 25 Dec 1600 Alexander Livingston 1st Earl Linlithgow -1621 was created 1st Earl Linlithgow on the occasion of the Baptism of Prince Charles.

East India Company Chartered

On 31 Dec 1600 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (67) granted a Royal Charter to the Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies aka the East India Company led by George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (42) by which they received a monopoloy on trade with the East Indies. Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (42) was appointed first Governor of the East India Company.

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1590 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (43). Portrait of George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (31).

Around 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Unknown Man. Possibly George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (31).

Death of Queen Elizabeth

On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond around three in the morning.
Her First-Cousin Twice-Removed James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Around 1559 François Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (49). Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (16).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (33).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Funeral of Elizabeth I

On 28 Apr 1603 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Helena Snakenbourg Marchioness Northampton 1549-1635 (54) was Chief Mourner in the procession since Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28) refused to take part. She was supported by Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623 (60) and Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67).
George Bourchier 1535-1605 (68) carried the Standard of the Dragon.
Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (18) carried the Standard of the Greyhound.
Thomas Somerset -1648 carried the Standard of the Lyon.
William Segar Painter 1554-1663 carried the Sword of State as Norrey King of Arms.

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38).
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Before 1623. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Cecil 1st Earl Exeter 1542-1623.

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30).

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49).

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.