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1610-1620 Death of Frederick Prince of Wales

Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

On 01 Jun 1610 Prince Frederick (16) was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (10C 1610). Peregrine Bertie 1584-1639 (26) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

On 03 Jun 1610 Oliver St John 1st Earl Bolingbroke 1580-1646 (30) was created Knight of the Bath.

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Tethy's Festival Masque

On 05 Jun 1610 the Tethy's Festival Masque was performed at Whitehall Palace to celebrate the the investiture of Prince Frederick (16) as Prince of Wales.The script was written by Samuel Daniel at the request of the Queen (35), who appeared in person as Tethys a goddess of the sea. Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (36) designed the staging and scenery.
Prince Charles (9) took the part of Zephyrus,
Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (13) appeared as the companion or daughter of Tethys, the "Nymph of Thames",
Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (35) took the part of the "Nymph of Trent",
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel (25) as "Nymph of Arun"
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (34) as "Nymph of Derwent",
Frances Howard Countess Essex, Countess Somerset 1590-1632 (20) as "Nymph of Lee",
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (20) as "Nymph of Air",
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (23) as "Nymph of Severn",
Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 as "Nymph of Rother",
Elizabeth Talbot Countess Kent 1582-1651 (28) as "Nymph of Medway",
Four sisters, daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (60) and Elizabeth Hastings Countess Worcester 1546-, danced as the rivers of Monmouthshire:
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (35) the "Nymph of Usk"
Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (35) the "Nymph of Olwy"
Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (20) the "Nymph of Dulesse" (Dulas), and
Mary Wintour the "Nymph of Wye".

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30).

Around 1644. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (32). Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652 (70).

Around 1757 William Hogarth 1697-1764 (59). Portrait of Inigo Jones Architect 1573-1652. The portrait was commissioned by Edward Littleton MP 4th Baronet 1727-1812 (30) when he was refurbishing his house Teddesley Hall, Penkridge.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

Around 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (25).

In 1621 Gilbert Jackson 1595-1648 (26). Portrait of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (71).

May 1611 Creation of Baronets

On 22 May 1611 the first Baronets were created by James I (44) who granted letters patent to two hundred gentlemen of good birth with an income of at least £1,000 a year in return for which each was required to pay for the upkeep of thirty soldiers for three years. The first Baronets were:
Nicolas Bacon (71) was created 1st Baronet Bacon of Redgrave. The Premier Baronet being the first creation.
Lionel Tollemache 1st Baronet Talmash 1562-1621 (48) was created 1st Baronet Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk.
George Booth (54) was created 1st Baronet Dunham Massey. Katherine Anderson Baronetess Dunham Massey 1568-1639 (43) by marriage Lady Dunham Massey.
Phillip Knyvet was created 1st Baronet Knyvet of Buckenham in Norfolk.
Edward Carr (20) was created 1st Baronet Carr of Sleaford in Lincolnshire.
John St John (25) was created 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze in Wiltshire (1611).
Thomas Gerard 1st Baronet Bryn 1560-1621 (51) was created 1st Baronet Gerard of Bryn.
Thomas 1st Baronet Mansel 1556-1631 (55) was created 1st Baronet Mansel of Margam.
George Savile 1st Baronet Thornhill 1550-1622 (61) was created 1st Baronet Savile Thornhill.
Thomas Temple 1st Baronet Temple 1567-1637 (44) was created 1st Baronet Temple of Stowe.
Henry Belasyse 1st Baronet 1555-1624 (55) was created 1st Baronet Belasyse of Newborough.
George Shirley 1st Baronet Staunton Harold 1559-1622 (52) was created 1st Baronet Staunton Harold in Leicestershire.
Henry Hobart 1st Baronet Hobart 1560-1625 (51) was created 1st Baronet Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk. Dorothy Bell Baronetess Hobart by marriage Lady Hobart of Intwood in Norfolk
The next creations may have been in the later creations on 29 Jun and 25 Nov ...
Henry Lee 1st Baronet Lee 1571-1631 (40) was created 1st Baronet Lee of Quarrendon in Buckinghamshire.
Moyle Finch 1st Baronet Eastwell 1550-1614 (61) was created 1st Baronet Eastwell in Kent. Elizabeth Heneage 1st Countess Winchelsea 1556-1634 (54) by marriage Lady Eastwell in Kent.
James Harrington 1st Baronet Ridlington 1542-1614 (69) was created 1st Baronet Ridlington.
Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (23) was created 1st Baronet Clifton of Clifton in Nottinghamshire.
Thomas Pelham 1st Baronet Pelham Laughton -1624 was created 1st Baronet Pelham Laughton. Mary Walsingham Baronetess Pelham Laughton 1564-1624 (47) by marriage Lady Pelham Laughton.
Thomas Penyston 1st Baronet Penyston 1591-1644 (20) was created 1st Baronet Penyston. Martha Temple Baronetess Penyston 1595-1620 (16) by marriage Lady Penyston.
George St Paul Baronet St Paul 1562-1613 (49) was created as Baronet St Paul in Snarford in Lincolnshire. Frances Wray Countess Warwick -1634 by marriage Lady St Paul in Snarford in Lincolnshire
Philip Wodehouse 3rd Baronet Woodhouse 1608-1681 (2) was created 1st Baronet Woodhouse of Wilberhall.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

In 1631 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (37). Portrait of John St John 1st Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1585-1648 (45). Lydiard House.

In 1624 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (34). Portrait of Henry Hobart 1st Baronet Hobart 1560-1625 (64).

Around 1620 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (26). Portrait of Martha Temple Baronetess Penyston 1595-1620 (25).

Jun 1611 Creation of Baronets

On 29 Jun 1611 another tranche of Baronets were created by James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (45) as a means of generating revenue ...
William Wentworth 1st Baronet Wentworth Woodhouse 1562-1614 (49) was created 1st Baronet Wentworth Woodhouse. Possibly 20 Jun 1611.
John Molyneux 1st Baronet Molyneux Teversall 1581-1618 (30) was created 1st Baronet Molyneux of Teversall in Nottinghamshire.
Robert Cholmondeley 1st Earl Leinster 1584-1659 (27) was created 1st Baronet Cholmondley of Cholmondeley. Catherine Stanhope Countess Leinster by marriage Lady Cholmondley of Cholmondeley.
Estrange Mordaunt 1st Baronet Massingham Parva 1572-1627 (39) was created 1st Baronet Massingham Parva.
John Savage 1st Baronet Savage 1550-1615 (61) was created 1st Baronet Savage.
Edward Seymour 1st Baronet Seymour 1563-1613 (48) was created 1st Baronet Seymour of Berry Pomeroy. Elizabeth Champernowne Baronetess Seymour by marriage Lady Seymour of Berry Pomeroy.
Edward Seymour 1st Baronet Seymour 1563-1613 (48) was created 1st Baronet Seymour of Berry Pomeroy. Elizabeth Champernowne Baronetess Seymour by marriage Lady Seymour of Berry Pomeroy.
John Tufton 1st Baronet Tufton 1544-1624 (67) was created 1st Baronet Tufton of Hothfield. Christian Browne Baronetess Tufton by marriage Lady Tufton of Hothfield.
Anthony Cope 1st Baronet Hanwell 1548-1614 (63) was created 1st Baronet Hanwell. Anne Paston Baronetess Hanwell 1553-1637 (58) by marriage Lady Hanwell.
William Twisden 1st Baronet Twisden 1566-1628 (45) was created 1st Baronet Twisden of Roydon in East Peckham in Kent. Anne Finch Baronetess Twisden -1638 by marriage Lady Twisden of Roydon in East Peckham in Kent.
Richard Worsley 1st Baronet 1589-1621 (22) was created 1st Baronet Worsley of Appuldurcombe.
Richard Molyneux 1st Baronet Molyneux 1560-1622 (51) was created 1st Baronet Molyneux of Sefton. Frances Gerard Baronetess Molyneux 1569-1620 (42) by marriage Lady Molyneux of Sefton.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Nov 1611 Creation of Baronets

On 25 Nov 1611 a further tranche of Baronets was created by James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (45) ...
Edward Devereux 1st Baronet Devereux 1544-1622 (67) was created 1st Baronet Devereux of Castle Bromwich. Catherine Arden Baronetess Devereux by marriage Lady Devereux of Castle Bromwich.
Francis Englefield 1st Baronet Englefield 1561-1631 (50) was created 1st Baronet Englefield of Wootton Bassett in Wiltshire.
Harbottle Grimston 1st Baronet of Bradfield 1569-1648 (42) was created 1st Baronet Grimston of Bradfield.
John Portman 1st Baronet Portman 1575-1612 (36) was created 1st Baronet Portman of Orchard Portman in Somerset.
William Wray 1st Baronet Glentworth 1555-1617 (56) was created 1st Baronet Glentworth. Frances Drury Baronetess Glentworth 1576-1637 (35) by marriage Lady Glentworth.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

Discovery of Neptune by Galileo

On 28 Dec 1612 Galileo discovered Neptune although he thought it a star rather than a Planet and is not, therefore, credited with the discovery of Neptune which eventually occurred some two-hundred and fifty years later.

Jun 1620 Creation of Baronets

In Jun 1620 two further baronetcies were created ....
Thomas Gower 1st Baronet Gower 1584-1651 (36) was created 1st Baronet Gower of Stittenham in Yorkshire. Anne Doyley Baronetess Gower -1633 by marriage Lady Gower of Stittenham in Yorkshire.
John Pakington 1st Baronet Pakington 1600-1624 (20) was created 1st Baronet Pakington.

Death of Prince Frederick

On 06 Nov 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (18) died. The death of the heir to the throne significant; compare William Adelin Normandy Duke Normandy 1103-1120, Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376, Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502, Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751, perhaps Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

In 1750 Thomas Hudson 1701-1779 (49). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751 (42).

In 1754 Jean-Etienne Liotard 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales 1707-1751.

Funeral of Prince Frederick

On 07 Dec 1612 Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 was buried at Westminster Abbey.
His body had lain in state for a month at St James's Palace. Two thousand mourners attended in the procession and people of all ages lined the streets. Archbishop Abbott gave the funeral sermon. A magnificent hearse was erected on which was placed his richly clothed funeral effigy. The robes were those worn by the Prince at his creation as Princes of Wales in 1610. This effigy was made by Richard Norris with the plaster face modelled by Abraham Van der Doort.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (34) carried the shield.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Marriage of Elizabeth Stewart and Frederick V Elector Palatine

On 14 Feb 1613 Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632 (16) and Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (16) were married at Chapel Royal, Whitehall Palace.
A grand occasion that saw more royalty than ever visit the court of England. The marriage was an enormously popular match and was the occasion for an outpouring of public affection with the ceremony described as "a wonder of ceremonial and magnificence even for that extravagant age".
It was celebrated with lavish and sophisticated festivities both in London and Heidelberg, including mass feasts and lavish furnishings that cost nearly £50,000, and nearly bankrupted King James. Among many celebratory writings of the events was John Donne's "Epithalamion, Or Marriage Song on the Lady Elizabeth, and Count Palatine being married on St Valentine's Day". .

In 1635 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (42). Portrait of Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632.

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Addled Parliament

In 1614 Edward Littleton 1st Baron Lyttelton 1589-1645 (25) was elected MP Bishop's Castle in the Addled Parliament.

In 1614 Thomas 1st Baronet Mansel 1556-1631 (58) was elected MP Glamorgan at the Addled Parliament.

In 1614 during the Addled Parliament Charles Thynne 1568-1652 (46) was elected MP Lymington. John "Black Sir John" Egerton 1551-1614 (63) was elected MP Lichfield. Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 (21) was elected MP Dorset. Richard Edgecumbe 1570-1639 (44) was elected MP Bodmin.

Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales

On 04 Nov 1616 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (15) was appointed Prince of Wales. Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (43) carried the Purple Ermined Robe.
James Wriothesley 1605-1624 (11), brothers Robert Howard 1584-1653 (32) and William Howard, George Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1601-1658 (15), Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633 (41) and John Cavendish -1618 were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (6) wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1525. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633.

Funeral of Anne of Denmark

On 13 May 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.
Anne Carey 1592-1627 (27) and Mary Woodhouse -1756 walked in the procession.
As Keeper of the Wardrobe Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645 (44) supervised the spending of £20,000 on the funeral.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30).

Around 1735. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The Interior of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

In 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645 (45).

Before 11 Dec 1643 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648. Portrait of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645.

On 04 Nov 1619 Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632 (23) was crowned King Bohemia. Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (23) crowned Queen Consort Bohemia.

In 1635 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (42). Portrait of Frederick Palatinate-Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine 1596-1632.

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.