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1620-1639 Charles I Accedes

Mayflower lands at Plymouth Rock

On 11 Dec 1620 the Maylower landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts and went to found Plymouth Colony. The first documented reference to the landing at Plyouth Rock was in 1741.

Vere's Expedition to the Electorate of the Palatinate

In 1622 William Waller 1597-1668 (25) was knighted during the Vere's Expedition to the Electorate of the Palatinate.

Charles I's Trip to Spain

On 07 Mar 1623 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (22), accompanied by George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (30) and Endymion Porter 1587-1649 (36), arrived in Madrid, incognito, in an attempt to being to a conclusion his betrothal to Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (16), must to the suprise of her brother Philip IV King Spain 1605-1665 (17) and the English ambassador John Digby 1st Earl Bristol 1580-1653 (43). The negotiations ultimately failed.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Before 1628 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt 1566-1641. Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628.

In 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (23) wearing his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (27).

In 1619 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (25). Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (26).

Around 1625 Peter Paul Rubens Painter 1577-1640 (47). Portrait of George Villiers 1st Duke Buckingham 1592-1628 (32).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649 (55).

Around 1627 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (37). Portrait of Endymion Porter 1587-1649 (40).

Happy Parliament

On 30 Dec 1623 the fourth Parliament of James I (57) known as the Happy Parliament was summoned.
On 19 Feb 1624 the Happy Parliament held its first session.
Roland Egerton 1st Baronet Egerton and Oulton -1646 was elected MP Wootton Bassett during the Happy Parliament
Arthur Lake 1598-1633 (25) was elected MP Minehead during the Happy Parliament
James Wriothesley 1605-1624 (18) was elected MP Winchester during the Happy Parliament
Richard Edgecumbe 1570-1639 (53) was elected MP Grampound during the Happy Parliament.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

On 03 Feb 1624 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (31) was elected MP Westbury during the Happy Parliament.

Death of James I

On 27 Mar 1625 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (58) died at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt. His Son Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

Around 1605 John Critz 1551-1642 (54). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (38) with Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1621 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (31). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (54) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (32). Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625.

In 1583 Pieter Bronckhorst -1583. Portrait of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (16).

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

On 07 May 1625 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Useless Parliament

In 1625 Henry Mildmay 1593-1668 (32) was elected MP Maldon during the Useless Parliament.

In 1625 Hugh Portman 4th Baronet -1632 was elected MP Taunton in the Useless Parliament.

On 02 Apr 1625 the first Parliament of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) known as the Useless Parliament sat.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Proxy Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) were married by proxy at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral. Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) by marriage Queen Consort England. .

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Charles I and Henrietta Maria's First Meeting

On 13 Jun 1625 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15) met for the first time at St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury. .

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

English Coronation of Charles I

On 02 Feb 1626 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (25) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.His wife Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (16) was not crowned since she being Catholic refused to attend an Anglican service.She watched Charles at a discreet distance.
Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (52) carried the Orb. Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (3) bore the Second Sword of State. Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (41) carried the Spurs. Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (48) bore the Rod with the Dove.
William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (8),James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (19), Roger Palmer 1577-1657 (49) and Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl Westmoreland 1602-1666 (24), John Maynard 1592-1658 (34) were appointed Knight of the Bath.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Around 1625 John Hoskins 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Around 1580 based on a work of 1565.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Radclyffe 5th Earl Sussex 1573-1629 (6) wearing his Garter Collar and holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30).

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49) wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (49).

Around 1615 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Philip Herbert 1st Earl Montgomery, 4th Earl Pembroke 1584-1650 (30) wearing his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

In 1631 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (37). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (13).

Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely 1618-1680 (28). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

In 1626 Michiel Janszoon van Mierevelt 1566-1641 (59) (attributed). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (18).

Around 1640 Cornelius Johnson 1593-1661 (46). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (32). Tabley House.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (35). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl Derby 1607-1651 (27) and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby 1599-1664 (35) and their daughter.

Battle of the Pont du Feneau

On 08 Nov 1627 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (30) was captured at the Battle of the Pont du Feneau in Pont du Feneau, Île de Ré. He was released soon after.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (40).

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (40). Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (43).

Baptism of future Charles II

On 27 Jun 1630 the future Charles II was baptised by William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (56) at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. Louis XIII King France 1601-1643 (28) and Marie de Medici Queen Consort France 1575-1642 (55) were godparents.
Robert Kerr 1st Earl Ancram 1578-1654 (52) was created 1st Earl Ancram.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41). Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (57).

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 (36). Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (62). Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

Siege of Maastricht

On 07 Aug 1632 Robert Vere 19th Earl Oxford 1575-1632 (56) was killed at the Siege of Maastricht. His Son Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 (5) succeeded 20th Earl Oxford (2C 1141).

Around 1656 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681 (51). Portrait Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 (28).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 and Diana Kirke Countess Oxford 1673-1719.