9th Century Events
Coronation of Charlemgne as Holy Roman Emperor
On 25 Dec 800 Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor 742-814 (58) was crowned Holy Roman Emperor at St Peter's Basilica by Pope Leo III.
Coronation of Charles "Younger" King Franks
Battle of Kempsford
. This year was the moon eclipsed, at eight in the evening, on the
seventeenth day before the calends of February
; and soon after died King Bertric
and Alderman Worr
succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom; and the same day Ethelmund
, alderman of the Wiccians, rode over the Thames at Kempsford; where he was met by Alderman Woxtan
, with the men of Wiltshire, and a
ensued, in which both the commanders were slain, but the men of Wiltshire obtained the victory.
Eclipse of the Moon
In 802 Aethelmund Alderman Hwicce -802 and Weohstan Alderman Wiltshire were killed .
Battle of Ellendun
On Sep 825 Beornwulf King Mercia -852 defeated Ecgberht, King of Wessex, at the Battle of Ellendun replacing Mercian with Wessex dominance over the Saxon Heptarchy.Sir Frank Stenton described it as 'one of the most decisive battles of English history'.The location of the battle is not known although a number of locations have been suggested: Wroughton, Wiltshire , Lydiard Park, Swindon, Wiltshire and Wilton, Wiltshire .
Battle of Fontenay
On 25 Jun 841 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 fought at Fontenay, Yonne during the Battle of Fontenay: Franks.
Battle of Messac
Battle of Ballon
Battle of Oakley
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1
the year of our Lord's incarnation
, which was the third after the birth of king Alfred, Ceorl, earl of Devon
, fought with the men of Devon against the pagans at a place called
; and the Christians gained the victory; and that same year the pagans first wintered in the island called
, which means the Sheep-isle, and is situated in the river Thames between Essex and Kent, but is nearer to Kent than to Essex; it has in it a fine monastery.
The same year also a great army of the pagans came with three hundred and fifty ships to the mouth of the river Thames, and sacked Dorobernia , which is the city of the Cantuarians, and also the city of London , which lies on the north bank of the river Thames , on the confines of Essex and Middlesex; but yet that city belongs in truth to Essex; and they put to flight Berthwulf, king of Mercia , with all the army, which he had led out to oppose them.
After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the river Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons , and his son Ethelbald , with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea , i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle , which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
In the same year king Athelstan , son of king Ethelwulf , and earl Ealhere slew a large army of pagans in Kent, at a place called Sandwich , and took nine ships of their fleet; the others escaped by flight.
Battle of Jengland
Death of King Aethelwulf
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849-887 Page 1
. Now king
lived two years after his return from Rome; during which, among many other good deeds of this present life, reflecting on his departure according to the way of all flesh, that his sons might not quarrel unreasonably after their father's death, he ordered a will or letter of instructions to be written, in which he ordered that his kingdom should be divided between his two eldest sons, his private inheritance between his sons, his daughters, and his relations, and the money which he left behind him between his sons and nobles, and for the good of his soul. Of this prudent policy we have thought fit to record a few instances out of many for posterity to imitate; namely, such as are understood to belong principally to the needs of the soul; for the others, which relate only to human dispensation, it is not necessary to insert in this work, lest prolixity should create disgust in those who read or wish to hear my work. For the benefit of his soul, then, which he studied to promote in all things from his youth, he directed through all his hereditary dominions, that one poor man in ten, either native or foreigner, should be supplied with meat, drink, and clothing, by his successors, until the day of judgment; supposing, however, that the country should still be inhabited both by men and cattle, and should not become deserted. He commanded also a large sum of money, namely, three hundred mancuses, to be carried to Rome for the good of his soul, to be distributed in the following manner: namely, a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Peter, specially to buy oil for the lights of the church of that apostle on Easter eve, and also at the cock-crow: a hundred mancuses in honour of St. Paul, for the same purpose of buying oil for the church of St. Paul the apostle, to light the lamps on Easter eve and at the cock-crow; and a hundred mancuses for the universal apostolic pontiff.
Death of King Aethelbald
Death of King Aethelberht
Battle of Brissarthe
On 02 Jul 866 Ranulf Poitiers I Duke Aquitaine 820-866 (46) and Robert "Strong" King West Francia 830-866 (36) were killed fighting the joint Breton-Viking army at the Battle of Brissarthe at Brissarthe .
Battle of Englefield
On 31 Dec 870 Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield, Reading, Berkshire . The Viking Army retreated to Reading, Berkshire . Sidrac Viking was killed .
Battle of Reading
On 04 Jan 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred the Great's (22) army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading, Berkshire . Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) was killed
On 09 Dec 1688 the Battle of Reading was fought between supporters of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) and William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) . William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) was victorious. Thereafter James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (55) fled to France and William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (38) acceeded.
Battle of Ashdown
Battle of Basing
Battle of Marton
Around 22 Mar 871 Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 defeated the Wessex army led by Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) at the Battle of Marton .The location of 'Marton' is not known; suggestions include Marden, Wiltshire in Wiltshire and Winterborne St Martin, Dorset in Dorset.Heahmund Wessex Bishop Sherborne -871 was killed .
Battle of Edington
Around 12 May 878 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (29) defeated the Viking army led by Guthrum Viking -890 at the Battle of Edington at Edington, Wiltshire (the location is subject to dispute).
Treaty of Wedmore
Death of Carloman II King West Francia
On 12 Dec 884 Carloman II King West Francia 866-884 (18) died . His half first-cousin once-removed Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine 839-888 (45) succeeded as III King West Francia , King Aquitaine .
Death of Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine
On 13 Jan 888 Charles "Fat" King East Francia, Holy Roman Emperor, III King West Francia, King Aquitaine 839-888 (48) died .
Odo I King West Francia succeeded by Charles "Simple"
Death of King Alfred the Great
On 26 Oct 899 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (50) died at Winchester, Hampshire . He was buried at Hyde Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire . His son Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (25) succeeded as King Anglo-Saxons . Ecgwynn Unknown Queen Consort Anglo-Saxons by marriage Queen Consort Anglo-Saxons .