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Apr 1483-Aug 1483 Richard III Accedes

Edward V leaves Ludlow

On 23 Apr 1483 Edward V King England 1470- left Ludlow with his uncle Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43). .

Richard York travels South

On 26 Apr 1483 Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488 put to sea with around twenty ships taking a part of the Royal treasure with him eventually arriving in Brittany. .

On 29 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrived in Nottingham. .

Edward Woodville puts to Sea

On 26 Apr 1483 Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488 put to sea with around twenty ships taking a part of the Royal treasure with him eventually arriving in Brittany. .

On 29 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrived in Nottingham. .

Richard III's Dinner with the Woodvilles

On 30 Apr 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) met Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) at Stony Stratford who were accompanying Edward V King England 1470- to from Ludlow to London.All three had dinner together. .

Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

On 01 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arrested Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) and Thomas Vaughan Master 1410-1483 (73) at Stony Stratford. Edward V King England 1470- was taken under his uncle Richard's Protection to London. .

Elizabeth Woodville takes Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey

Around 03 May 1483 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) took Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey with Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28). Her brother Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36) was with her. .

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30).The timing somewhat suspicious.The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance. .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy Argent & Gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII.
Physician holding urine bottle

Richard III appointed Lord Protector

Before 08 May 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was appointed Lord Protector.

John Russell appointed Lord Chancellor

On 13 May 1483 John Russell Bishop Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494 was appointed Lord Chancellor. He replaced Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59).

Robert Stillington Claims Edward IV's Marriage to Elizabeth Woodville to be Bigamous

Around 09 Jun 1483 Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) informed a Council meeting that the coronation of Edward V King England 1470- could not proceed since he was illegitimate since his father's marriage to his mother Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) had been bigamous since Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had previously married Eleanor Talbot 1436-1468 at which Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63) presided. The only witness being Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63).

Execution of Hastings

On 13 Jun 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) arranged a Council meeting at the Tower of London attended by William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63), Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) and Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28). During the course of the evening Richgard accused William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52), Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) of treasonable conspiracy with the Queen (46).
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London. He was buried in North Aisle, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle next to Edward IV King England 1442-1483. His Son Edward Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings 1466-1506 (16) succeeded 2nd Baron Hastings (2C 1430). Mary Hungerford Baroness Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1466-1553 (17) by marriage Baroness Hastings (2C 1430).
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) and Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) were arrested.

Richard of Shrewsbury Removed from Sanctuary

On 16 Jun 1483 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) Removed Edward IV's youngest son Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- from Sanctuary in Westminster Abbey to the Tower of London so that he could join his brother in preparation for his Coronation. . Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) was present. .

The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate

On 22 Jun 1483 Ralph Shaa -1484 preached the bastardy of Edward IV's children by Elizabeth Woodville, including Edward V, and were therefore ineligible to be King, at St Paul's Cross. .

Execution of the Woodvilles and their Affinity

On 25 Jun 1483 supporters of the Woodviles were executed at Pontefract Castle ...
Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded. His Brother Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) succeeded 3rd Earl Rivers (1C 1466).
Richard Grey 1457-1483 (26) and Thomas Vaughan (73) were beheaded.

Richard III elected King by the Three Estates

On 26 Jun 1483 Richard III (30) accepted the invitation of the citizens of London to become King. .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483).Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance. .

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England.See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford.Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Robert Brackenbury appointed Constable of the Tower of London

On 17 Jul 1483 Robert Brackenbury -1485 was appointed Constable Tower of London for life meaning he was in direct care of The Princes in the Tower: Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473-. .

Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 Edward V King England 1470- and his brother Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- disappeared from the Tower of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children.Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task. .

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (48) wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 Edward York Prince Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince Wales, Earl Chester (6C 1483) at York Minster. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 (11) were knighted.