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May 1536-1540 Jane Seymour, Bigod's Rebellion and the Exeter Conspiracy
Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour
Neville Triple Wedding
On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell, Shoreditch, Hackney.Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (19), Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (40), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (65) and Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (38).
Henry Neville 5th Earl Westmoreland 1525-1563 (11) and Anne Manners 1527-1549 (9) were married,
Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland 1526-1563 (9) and Margaret Neville -1559 were married, and
John Vere 16th Earl Oxford 1516-1562 (20) and Dorothy Neville -1546 were married.
Pilgrimage of Grace
In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44). Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 (42) was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 (28) undertook the suppression of the rebels.
Execution of the Fitzgeralds
On 03 Feb 1537 the six Fitzgeralds, nephew and five uncles, Thomas "Silken" Fitzgerald 10th Earl Kildare 1513-1537 (24), James Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Oliver Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41), Richard Fitzgerald -1537, John Fitzgerald -1537 and Walter Fitzgerald 1496-1537 (41) were executed at Tyburn.
Gerald "Wizard Earl" Fitzgerald 11th Earl Kildare 1525-1585 (12) succeeded 11th Earl Kildare.
The rebellion failed. The rebels arrested, convicted of treason, and subsequently executed during the course of 1537. A total of 216 rebels were executed.
On 17 Jan 1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Templehurst 1467-1537 (70) wrote to Robert Aske and Robert Constable 1478-1537 (59) ... Of Sir Fras Bigod (29) I heard, this day at dinner, as you wrote; and more, that Hallum was taken at Hull yesterday with a letter in his purse from Sir Francis Bigod (29) promising that he and all the West Base_Countries would rise and come forward. This day with my servant, Alan Gefreyson, I sent you my news which are of such bruits, rages, and furies as the like I have not read nor heard of. I sent to my cousin Ellerker and Whartton for the premises concerning Hull. My advice is that you stay the people till the coming of my lord of Norfolk (64), which, I hear, shall be shortly, and all the gentlemen that is above of the North with him. He brings gracious answers of the Parliament and petitions. Good Mr. Aske, where you write desiring me to stay my quarters; there has yet been no stir in my rooms and lands, but what was caused by other wild countries and dales. I shall do my duty, and play my part therein, though I lie in my bed. I hear my lord of Cumberland is likely to have business for two prisoners he keeps.
On 18 Jan 1537 Francis Bigod 1507-1537 (29) ... "Though the commons at first had me in suspicion for my learning and conversation with such a lewd one as they judged were enemies both to Christ's Church and the commonwealth, and I was even in danger of my life at Pontefract, they have now the greatest confidence in me. Now messengers come from Bishopric, Richmondshire, and the West, for me to go forward with the commons, especially to bring John Halom, whom the mayor of Hull has imprisoned, to their great offence. I have sworn to go with the commons having good reason to doubt the Duke of Norfolk is coming rather to bring them to captivity like those of Lincolnshire than to fulfil our petitions. There is no man they trust so much as Constable whom Bygott would gladly join and follow his advice, if he will be true to them." He begs an answer and sends a copy of their oath.
Birth and Christening Edward VI
On 15 Oct 1537 the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.
Death of Jane Seymour
Funeral of Jane Seymour
On 12 Nov 1537 Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 was buried in the Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) was Chief Mourner.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53), John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (58), Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (20), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64), Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (45), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (39), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (54), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) attended.
Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539, grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558. He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.
In Aug 1538 Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 (36) was arrested. He had been corresponding with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38). The investigation of Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had turned up his name; he had appealed to Thomas Cromwell, who had him arrested and interrogated. Under interrogation, Geoffrey (36) said that his eldest brother Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (46), and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42) had been party to his correspondence with Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38).
In Nov 1538 Margaret Pole Countess Salsbury (65), her son Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu 1492-1539 (46), his son Henry Pole 1520-1542 (18), and other Pole family members, and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (34), their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (11) and Edward Neville 1471-1538 (67) wre arrested and imprisoned on charges of treason. Cromwell had previously written that they had "little offended save that he [Reginald Pole] is of their kin". They were committed to the Tower of London.
In Jan 1539 Geoffrey Pole 1501-1558 (37) was, somewhat surprisingly given the executions of the rest of his family, pardoned.
In Jan 1539 Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38) was attainted in absentia.
In 1540 Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (36) was released.
Around Sep 1542 , after three years of imprisonment, Henry Pole 1520-1542 (22) died, possibly starved to death.
On 03 Aug 1553 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (26) was finally released from imprisonment after fifteen years by Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) who was a close friend of his mother Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (49).
Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed
On Sep 1538 Henry VIII (47) ordered Thomas of Becket's shrine at Canterbury Cathedral to be destroyed. Both an attack on the Catholic Church, and a means to generate revenue; Thomas' shrine was covered in precious metals and stones. Two huges chests, each requiring six men to carry, were required to remove the treasure.
On 16 Nov 1538 Henry VIII (47)Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.
Henry enacted legislation as follows:
ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket, sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie, stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde, for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge’s Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.”.
Henry VIII Excommunicated
On 17 Dec 1538 Henry VIII (47) was excommunicated by Pope Paul III 1648-1549 (70).