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Biography of John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1459 Battle of Blore Heath

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

1471 Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth


Ancestry

Before 1400 William Wynell and Margaret Breton were married.

Around 1400 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was born to William Wynell and Margaret Breton.

In 1404 William Wynell was appointed Knight of the Shire: Bedfordshire.

On 16 Aug 1421 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (21) received a grant of lands in the bailiwick of Gisors.

On Apr 1422 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (22) was appointed Constable Vernon.

Before 1432 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Elizabeth Drayton -1462 were married.

In 1433 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (33) returned as MP Bedfordshire.

In 1436 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (36) returned as MP Bedfordshire.

In 1444 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (44) was appointed High Sheriff Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire.

In 1447 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (47) returned as MP Bedfordshire.

On 15 Apr 1448 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (48) laid the first stone at Queen's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge.

In 1449 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (49) returned as MP Bedfordshire.

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) returned as MP Bedfordshire.

In 1455 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) was appointed Speaker of the House of Commons.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His Son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448),
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His Son Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl Northumberland (1C 1377). Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His Son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army; the Battle of Blore Heath.Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (48), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59), James Harrington 1430-1485 (29), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59), William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26), John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59).
The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton -1459, Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed.
James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26). His Son John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (33) succeeded 6th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire, 3rd Baron Tuchet. Anne Echingham Baroness Audley Heighley 1420-1498 (39) by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire, Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire.
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.
Richard Molyneux of Sefton 1420-1459 (39) was killed.
John Egerton 1404-1459 (55) was killed.
Adam Bostock 1413-1475 (46) was killed.
After the battle James Harrington 1430-1485 (29), John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (28) were captured at Acton Bridge, Tarporley and imprisoned at Chester Castle, Chester having been detached from the main Yorkist force.
William Troutbeck 1436-1459 (23) was killed.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35), John Savage 1444-1492 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51).In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40). Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2).

Second Battle of St Albans

On 17 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39).The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33). Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39). After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461. Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded 7th Baron Harington, 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded.

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61).
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35), Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50), John Bigod -1461, Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71), Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49), Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51), John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33), Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61), Everard Simon Digby -1461, William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed.
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed. His Son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377). Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377).
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed. His Son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60), William Norreys 1441-1507 (20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41). Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York. His Brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay). Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay).
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed.
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed.
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed.

Around 1574 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (34). Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665. Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 Beaufort Arms with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 Woodville Arms his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469.

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was created 1st Baron Wenlock (1C 1461).

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was appointed 184th Knight Garter: Henry VI.

Around 1462 Elizabeth Drayton -1462 died.

In 1467 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (67) and Agnes Say Baroness Wenlock were married. Agnes Say Baroness Wenlock by marriage Baroness Wenlock (1C 1461).

Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth

On 14 Apr 1471 Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (41) lands at Weymouth with John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71). .

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36), John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46), George Browne 1440-1483 (31), Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38), James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed. Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed.

In 1503 Robert Preston 1st Viscount Gormaston 1435-1503 (68) died. His Son William Preston 2nd Viscount Gormaston -1532 succeeded 2nd Viscount Gormanston, 5th Baron Gormaston.

Ancestry

Father: William Wynell

Mother: Margaret Breton