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Battle

died from wounds

On 16 Apr 1234 Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke 1191-1234 (43) died from wounds at Kilkenny Castle, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny. His brother Gilbert Marshal 4th Earl Pembroke 1197-1241 (37) succeeded as 4th Earl Pembroke (2C 1199) .

Battle of Sluys

On 24 Jun 1340 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (27) attacked the French fleet at anchor during the Battle of Sluys capturing more than 200 ships, killing around 18000 French.The English force included John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (24) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (30) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (27) , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (10) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (22) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (38) , Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (30) , Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (30) and Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (20) .
Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 (38) died from wounds . His daughter Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu, 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 succeeded as 3rd Baron Monthermer .

Battle of Bryn Glas

On 22 Jun 1402 Owain ap Gruffudd "Glyndŵr" Mathrafal Prince Powys 1359-1415 (43) defeated the army of Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) at Knighton, Radnorshire, Welsh March , who was captured, at the Battle of Bryn Glas .
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) made no attempt to ransom Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) and, as a consequence, Edmund Mortimer 1376-1408 (25) changed his allegiance, and subsequently married Owain's (43) daughter.
On 25 Jun 1402 Walter Devereux 1361-1402 (41) died from wounds .

Siege of Orleans

On 03 Nov 1428 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orleans . His daughter Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded as 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337) , 7th Baron Montagu , 6th Baron Monthermer . On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage 7th Baron Montagu .

Battle of Zutphen

On 17 Oct 1586 Philip Sidney 1554-1586 (31) died from wounds received at the Battle of Zutphen

Battle of Flores

On 10 Sep 1591 Richard Grenville 1542-1591 (49) died from wounds received at the Battle of Flores .

In 1571 Unknown Artist . Portrait of Richard Grenville 1542-1591 (28) .

On 24 Oct 1642 Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) died from wounds . On 24 Oct 1642 His nephew Oliver St John 2nd Earl Bolingbroke 1633-1688 (8) succeeded as 6th Baron St John Bletso (1C 1559) . Frances Cavendish Countess Bolingbroke -1678 by marriage Baroness St John Bletso (1C 1559) .

Battle of Worcester

On 12 Sep 1651 William Hamilton 2nd Duke Hamilton 1616-1651 (34) died from wounds received at the Battle of Worcester . Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess Hamilton 1632-1716 (19) , daughter of the 1st Duke, succeeded as 3rd Duke Hamilton .

Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

On 16 Mar 1687 Francis Talbot 11th Earl Shrewsbury, 11th Earl Waterford 1623-1687 (64) died from wounds received from duelling. He was buried at Albrighton, Shropshire . His son Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury 1660-1718 (26) succeeded as 12th Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442) , 12th Earl Waterford .

On 21 Jul 1696 Bourchier Wrey 4th Baronet Wrey 1653-1696 (43) died from wounds .

On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) died from wounds received from duelling.

On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) died from wounds received from duelling. His son James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (9) succeeded as 5th Duke Hamilton , 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk , 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire

Battle of Alma

On 08 Oct 1854 William Frederick Waldegrave 1816-1854 (38) died from wounds received at the Battle of Alma .

First Battle of Ypres

On 01 Nov 1914 Arthur Orlando Wolstan Cecil Weld-Forester 1877-1914 (37) died from wounds received in action at First Battle of Ypres .

On 24 Oct 1915 John Frederick Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 1878-1915 (37) died from wounds .

was killed in battle

In 1057 Alfonso Ordóñez Astur-Leonese -1057 was killed in battle .

Battle of Graus

08 May 1063 . The Battle of Graus was part of the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsular.
Ramiro Sánchez I King Aragon 1007-1063 (56) was killed in battle .

was killed in action

Around 1420 John Stewart -1420 was killed in action . His son William Stewart -1479 succeeded as 2nd Master Garlies .

In 1676 George Hamilton -1676 was killed in action

Battle of Aughrim

On 12 Jul 1691 John Hamilton -1691 was killed in action fighting for the Jacobites at Aughrim, County Galway during the Battle of Aughrim

On 05 Nov 1854 Charles Francis Seymour-Conway 1819-1854 (35) was killed in action at Inkerman

In 1914 William George Sydney Cadogan 1879-1914 (35) was killed in action

In 1914 William Reginald Wyndham -1914 was killed in action . He was buried at Zillebeke Churchyard Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Zillebeke.

On 20 Oct 1914 John Spencer Cavendish 1875-1914 (39) was killed in action .

First Battle of Ypres

On 28 Oct 1914 Charles Almeric Cholmondeley 1880-1914 (34) was killed in action at Ypres during the First Battle of Ypres

On 30 Oct 1914 Hugh William Grosvenor 1884-1914 (30) was killed in action .

On 31 Oct 1914 Francis Lambton 1871-1914 (43) was killed in action at Zandvorde

On 09 Aug 1915 Gerald Legge 1882-1915 (33) was killed in action whilst serving with the 7th Bn.South Staffordshire Regiment at Suvla Bay .

On 03 Mar 1916 Desmond Fitzgerald 1888-1916 (27) was killed in action .

Battle of Flers–Courcelette

On 15 Sep 1916 Charles William Reginald Duncombe 2nd Earl Feversham 1879-1916 (37) was killed in action at Flers–Courcelette, Somme during the Battle of Flers–Courcelette . His son Charles Duncombe 3rd Earl Feversham 1906-1963 (9) succeeded as 3rd Earl Feversham (3C 1868) .

Battle of Passchendaele

On 31 Jul 1917 Albert Edward George Arnold Keppel 1898-1917 (19) was killed in action at Passchendaele during the Battle of Passchendaele .

On 22 Aug 1918 Tom Cecil Noel 1897-1918 (20) was killed in action at Westrosebeke

On 21 May 1940 Henry George Alan Percy 9th Duke Northumberland 1912-1940 (27) was killed in action . His brother Hugh Algernon Percy 10th Duke Northumberland 1914-1988 (26) succeeded as 10th Duke Northumberland (3C 1766) .

On 27 May 1940 George Coventry 10th Earl Coventry 1900-1940 (39) was killed in action at La Bassée .

On 19 Sep 1941 John Bowes-Lyon 1910-1941 (31) was killed in action

2nd Battle of El Alamein

In 1942 William Legge 1913-1942 (29) was killed in action at El Alamein during the 2nd Battle of El Alamein .

On 26 Oct 1942 Francis Hugh Peter Courtenay Wood 1916-1942 (26) was killed in action

On 23 Dec 1942 Arthur Patrick Spencer Chichester 1914-1942 (28) was killed in action .

shot and killed

On 13 Nov 1536 Robert Pakenham 1489-1536 (47) was shot and killed with a handgun; the first person to be shot and killed in London.

On 03 Mar 1572 Henry Stewart 2nd Lord Methven 1528-1572 (44) was shot and killed by a cannon at Edinburgh Castle . His son Henry Stewart 3rd Lord Methven succeeded as 3rd Lord Methven .

On 09 Feb 1643 Sidney Godolphin 1610-1643 (33) was shot and killed during a skirmish at Chagford, Devon . He was buried at All Saints Church, Okehampton, Devon

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall, St James', Westminster , by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark. He was buried at Westminster Abbey

On 22 Oct 1717 Henry Luttrell 1655-1717 (62) was shot and killed whilst in his sedan chair at Blind Quay, Dublin as he was proceeding from Lucas' Coffee House on Cork-hill to his house in Stafford Street, Dublin .His murderers were unknown.

On 25 Oct 1769 Alexander Montgomerie 10th Earl Eglinton 1723-1769 (46) was shot and killed by an excise officer or Gaudger (Scots) named Mungo Campbell on 24 Oct 1769 following a dispute about the latter's right to bear arms on the Earl's grounds. The Earl died from his abdominal wounds late that evening. Campbell was convicted of murder but died by his own hand before the sentence could be carried out. His brother Archibald Montgomerie 11th Earl Eglinton 1726-1796 (43) succeeded as 11th Earl Eglinton .

Death of John Lennon

On 08 Dec 1980 at around ten to eleven in the evening John Lennon Musician 1940-1980 (40) was shot and killed by Mark David Chapman outside of the The Dakota, Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York, New York State where he lived. Lennon was rushed to Roosevelt Hospital, Midtown West, Manhattan, New York, New York State where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

shot by a crossbow

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront.During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow .The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77) . John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) succeeded as I King England: Plantagenet Angevin .

killed

Battle of Dyrham

In 577 Ceawlin King Wessex -592 and his son Cuthwine 565- won a major victory over the Britons at the Battle of Dyrham Hinton Hill, Dyrham, Gloucestershire .The victory of resulted in the capture of Gloucester, Gloucestershire , Cirencester, Gloucestershire and Bath, Somerset .
Coinmail Briton -577 , Condidan Briton -577 and Farinmail Briton -577 were killed .

Battle of the River Idle

In 616 Raedwald King East Anglia 570-624 (46) and his son Raegenhere Wuffingas -616 fought the Battle of the River Idle which took place at the River Idle, Markham Moor, Retford, Nottinghamshire which forms the western border of the Isle of Lindsey, Lincolnshire .
Raegenhere Wuffingas -616 was killed .
Aethelfrith King Bernicia, King Deira 572-616 (44) was killed . Edwin King Bernicia, King Deira, King Northumbria 586- succeeded as King Northumbria .

Battle of Heavenfield

In 634 Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) won a decisive victory over the army of the Kingdom of Gwynedd at the Battle of Heavenfield which was fought at Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland around six miles north of Hexham, Northumberland .
St Oswald's Church, Heavenfield, Hexham, Northumberland is believed to mark the location where Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (30) raised his standard.The battle re-united Deira and Bernicia to form Northumbria and, according to Bede, restored Christianity to Northumbria.
Cadwallon Gwynedd was killed .

Battle of Maserfield

On 05 Aug 641 (or 642 or 644 depending on the source) Penda King Mercia -655 Mercian and Welsh army defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Maserfield .The battle is believed to have taken place at Oswestry, Shropshire .Northumbria was once again separated into two kingdoms.
Oswald King Northumbria 604-641 (37) was killed .His body was subsequently dismembered with his head and arms mounted on poles. His brother Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (29) succeeded as King Bernicia . Rhiainfellt Rheged Queen Consort Bernicia by marriage Queen Consort Bernicia .
Osric King Deira -634 was killed . His son Oswine King Deira -651 succeeded as King Deira .
Eowa King Mercia -642 was killed (probably).

Battle of Strath Ethairt

In 654 Taloran King Picts 615-657 (38) defeated the army of Dál Riata at the Battle of Strath Ethairt . Dúnchad mac Conaing King Dál Riata -654 was killed .The location of the battle in unknown.

Battle of Bulcamp

In 654 Penda King Mercia -655 defeated the East Anglian army at the Battle of Bulcamp at Bulcamp, Blythburgh, Suffolk . Anna King East Anglia -654 and his son Jurmin Wuffingas -654 were killed .Anna's son Aethelhere King East Anglia -655 succeeded as King East Anglia

Battle of the Winwaed

On 15 Nov 655 Oswiu King Bernicia 612-670 (43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck, Yorkshire during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance.The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.
On 15 Nov 655 Aethelwald King Deira 642- , an ally of Penda King Mercia -655 , withdrew his forces, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening King Penda's army.
Penda King Mercia -655 and Aethelhere King East Anglia -655 were killed .Penda's son Paeda King South Mercia -656 succeeded as King South Mercia
Aethelwold King East Anglia -664 succeeded as King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed .

Battle of the Trent

Around 679 Aethelred King Mercia -704 defeated the Northumbrian army led by Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (34) at the Battle of the Trent somehere in Lindsey, Lincolnshire . Aelfwine King Deira -679 was killed

Battle of Dun Nechtain

On 20 May 685 Bridei III Picts 627-693 (57) defeated the Northumbrian army at the Battle of Dun Nechtain .
Ecgfrith King Deira, King Northumbria 645-685 (40) was killed at Dunnichen, Angus. His brother Aldfrith King Northumbria -705 succeeded as King Northumbria .

Battle of Kempsford

In 802 Aethelmund Alderman Hwicce -802 and Weohstan Alderman Wiltshire were killed .

Battle of Brissarthe

On 02 Jul 866 Ranulf Poitiers I Duke Aquitaine 820-866 (46) and Robert "Strong" King West Francia 830-866 (36) were killed fighting the joint Breton-Viking army at the Battle of Brissarthe at Brissarthe .

Battle of Englefield

On 31 Dec 870 Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield, Reading, Berkshire . The Viking Army retreated to Reading, Berkshire . Sidrac Viking was killed .

Battle of Reading

On 04 Jan 871 Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred the Great's (22) army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading, Berkshire . Aethelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) was killed

Battle of Ashdown

On 08 Jan 871 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) defeated the Viking army led by Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 at the Battle of Ashdown in Berkshire . Bagsecg Viking -871 was killed .

Battle of Marton

Around 22 Mar 871 Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 defeated the Wessex army led by Aethelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) at the Battle of Marton .The location of 'Marton' is not known; suggestions include Marden, Wiltshire in Wiltshire and Winterborne St Martin, Dorset in Dorset.Heahmund Wessex Bishop Sherborne -871 was killed .

Battle of the Holme

On 13 Dec 902 Aethelwold Wessex -902 revolted against his cousin Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (28) helped by the Danes.
Sigehelm Kent -902 was killed supporting Edward "Elder" King Anglo-Saxons 874-924 (28) .
Aethelwold Wessex -902 , Brihtsige Wessex -902 , Ysopa Wessex -902 , Oscetel Wessex -902 and Eohric King East Anglia -902 were killed supporting Aethelwold Wessex -902 .

Battle of Brunanburh

In 937 Aethelstan I King Anglo-Saxons, I King England 894-939 (43) and his son Edmund I King England 921-946 (16) defeated the Scottish, Irish Viking and Strathclyde army at the Battle of Brunanburh .Two of Aethelstan's cousins, Aethelwine Wessex -937 and Aelfwine Wessex -937 were killed .
Oda Archbishop Canterbury -958 was present although there are no contemporary records of Oda's appearance at the battle. He is said to have miraculously provided a sword to the king when the king's own sword slipped out of its scabbard.

Battle of Anglesey

In 980 Hywel ap Ieuaf King Gwynedd -985 defeated Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw , son of his former enemy Iago ap Idwal Aberffraw 941-979 at the Battle of Anglesey , at Anglesey, North-West Wales . Custennin ab Iago Aberffraw was killed ; he was supported by the Viking Gofraid mac Arailt Ivar -989 .

Battle of Stiklestad

In 1030 Olaf "Stout" II King Norway 995-1030 (35) was killed at Stiklestad during the Battle of Stiklestad .

Battle of Rhyd-y-groes

In 1039 at the battle of Battle of Rhyd-y-groes Edwine Mercia -1039 was killed by the Welsh.

1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge

On 25 Sep 1066 Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) , supported by the brothers Eadwine Mercia -1071 and Morcar Mercia -1087 , defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Stamford Bridge at Stamford Bridge, East Riding, Yorkshire . Harald III King Norway 1015-1066 (51) and Tostig Godwinson 1026-1066 (40) were killed .

Battle of Hastings

On 14 Oct 1066 the Norman army led by William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 (38) defeated the English army of Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) at the Battle of Hastings fought at Senlac Hill, Hastings, East Sussex, Sussex . Aimery Thouars 1024-1094 (42) , Ralph de Gael Earl East Anglia 1041-1096 (24) , Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087 (51) , William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 (46) , Geoffrey Chateaudun II Count Mortain, III Count Perche -1100 , William Warenne 1st Earl Surrey -1088 , Raoul Tosny -1102 , Robert Beaumont 1st Earl Leicester, Count Meulan 1040-1118 (26) , Hugh Grandesmil 1032-1098 (34) , Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl Shrewsbury -1094 (possibly), Robert Mortain Count Mortain, 1st Earl Cornwall 1031-1090 (35) and Odo Mortain Bishop Bayeux -1097 fought for William.
The brothers Harold II King England 1022-1066 (44) , Gyrth Godwinson Earl East Anglia 1032- (34) and Leofwine Godwinson 2nd Earl Kent 1035- (31) , and Engenulphe Aigle 1010-1066 (56) were killed .

Battle of Mechain

In 1069 at the Battle of Mechain fought in Radnorshire, Welsh March the brothers Maredudd Cadelling -1069 and Idwal Cadelling -1069 attempted to regain control of Radnorshire, Welsh March from brothers Bleddyn ap Cynfyn King Gwynedd, King Powys -1073 and Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn Mathrafal -1069 . Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn Mathrafal -1069 and Idwal Cadelling -1069 were killed . Maredudd Cadelling -1069 died of exposure following the battle.

Battle of Cassel

On 22 Feb 1071 Battle of Cassel was fought between uncle Robert "The Frisian" Flanders I Count Flanders 1033-1093 (38) and nephew Arnulf Flanders III Count Flanders 1055-1071 (16) , supported by his mother Richilde Countess Hainault Count Flanders, Count Hainault and Philip "Amorous" I King France 1052-1108 (18) , over the succession of Flanders. Arnulf Flanders III Count Flanders 1055-1071 (16) and William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford 1020-1071 (51) were killed . Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087 (56) , his son Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne -1125 , and Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouillon 1060-1100 (10) fought for Robert.During the battle Robert "The Frisian" Flanders I Count Flanders 1033-1093 (38) and Richilde Countess Hainault Count Flanders, Count Hainault were captured, and subsequently exchanged for each other.

Battle of Mynydd Carn

In 1081 the Battle of Mynydd Carn was fought between the armies of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137 (26) and Rhys ap Tewdwr King Deheubarth 1064-1093 (16) , and the army of Caradog ap Gruffydd Prince of Gwent -1081 and Trahaearn ap Caradog 1035-1081 (46) as part of a dynastic struggle for control of the Welsh kingdoms of Gwynedd and Deheubarth. The result of the battle had a radical effect on the history of Wales.
Caradog ap Gruffydd Prince of Gwent -1081 , Meilir ap Rhiwallon 1035-1081 (46) and Trahaearn ap Caradog 1035-1081 (46) were killed .

Battle of Brecon

On Apr 1093 Rhys ap Tewdwr King Deheubarth 1064-1093 (28) was killed by Bernard de NeufMaré at Brecon, Breconshire, Welsh March during the Battle of Brecon .

Siege of Toulose 1159

In 1159 Hamon Fitzrobert -1159 was killed during the Siege of Toulose 1159 .

Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

On 27 Mar 1168 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (46) and her party were ambushed by brothers Guy I King Jerusalem 1150-1194 (18) and Geoffrey Lusignan 1150-1224 (18) .
Patrick Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury 1122-1168 (46) was killed . His son William Salisbury 2nd Earl Salisbury 1150-1196 (18) succeeded as 2nd Earl Salisbury (1C 1149) .
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (22) held off the enemy, was wounded and captured whilst Eleanor escaped.Eleanor subsequently paid his ransom.

Siege of Acre

In 1190 at the Siege of Acre Routrou Chateaudun IV Count Perche 1135-1191 (55) and Raoul Coucy 1134-1191 (55) were killed .
William Ferrers 3rd Earl Derby 1136-1190 (54) was killed. William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (22) succeeded as 4th Earl Derby (1C 1138) . Agnes Gernon Countess Derby by marriage Countess Derby (1C 1138) .

Siege of Toulose 1218

On 25 Jun 1218 Simon "Elder" Montfort 5th Earl Leicester 1175-1218 (43) was killed at the Siege of Toulose 1218 . His son Amaury Montfort 1195-1241 (23) succeeded as 6th Seigneur Montfort . His son Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (10) succeeded as 6th Earl Leicester (1C 1107)

Battle of Callann

On Aug 1261 at the Battle of Callann ...
John Fitzthomas Fitzgerald 1st Baron Desmond -1261 was killed ,
His son Maurice Fitzjohn Fitzgerald -1261 was killed .

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (20) , Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (26) defeated the army of Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes, East Sussex, Sussex . Henry III King England 1207-1272 (56) , his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24) , Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford, 1st Earl Essex 1204-1275 (60) , Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (55) , John "Red Comyn" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch 1220-1275 (44) , Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (33) , John Balliol 1207-1268 (56) , Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annadale 1215-1295 (49) , Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) and William Valence 1st Earl Pembroke -1296 fought for the King.Guy Lusignan -1264 was killed . Fulk IV Fitzwarin 1220-1264 (44) drowned . Walter Cantilupe Bishop Worcester 1191-1266 (72) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57) , led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26) , supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21) , Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) at the Battle of Evesham .
Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl Leicester 1208-1265 (57) and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 (26) were killed .
Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (34) .
Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265 (31) , Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1215-1265 (50) , William Devereux 1219-1265 (46) , Hugh Troyes -1265 , Richard Trussel -1265 , Peter Montfort 1205-1265 (60) , William Mandeville -1265 , William Crepping -1265 , William Birmingham -1265 , Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 (50) were killed . Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (30) , Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 (40) , Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27) , John Vesci -1289 , John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (21) were captured.
John Vesci -1289 was wounded and taken prisoner.

Battle of Benevento

On 26 Feb 1266 the Battle of Benevento was fought between Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 (38) and Manfred King Sicily 1232-1266 (34) . Manfred King Sicily 1232-1266 (34) was killed resulting in Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 (38) becoming King of Sicily.

Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

On 17 Jun 1282 the army of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (38) were ambushed by the Welsh at Llandeilo, Camarthenshire, South West Wales .
William "The Younger" Valence -1282 was killed .
Much of Gilbert Clare's (38) of 1600 men was destroyed.

Battle of Moel-y-don

On 12 Nov 1282 the English forces attempted to cross the Menai Straits to invade Gwynedd without waiting for the arrival of Edward's larger force.The battle was a rout. Roger Clifford 1243-1282 (39) drowned .The brothers William Burnell -1282 and Philip Burnell -1282 were killed . .

Battle of Orewin Bridge

On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (50) , Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn Mathrafal Prince Powys Wenwynwyn 1211-1286 (71) and Owen de la Pole Mathrafal 1st Lord Powis 1257-1293 (25) defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells, Radnorshire, Welsh March during the Battle of Orewin Bridge . The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw 1233-1282 (49) was killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.

1296 Capture of Berwick

On 30 Mar 1296 Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (21) captured Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland from William "Hardy" Douglas 2nd Lord Douglas 1240-1298 (56) . Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 (44) was killed during the course of the siege.'When the town had been taken in this way and its citizens had submitted, Edward spared no one, whatever the age or sex, and for two days streams of blood flowed from the bodies of the slain, for in his tyrannous rage he ordered 7,500 souls of both sexes to be massacred. So that mills could be turned by the flow of their blood.' - Account of the Massacre of Berwick, from Bower’s Scotichronicon..

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat.The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26)
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55)
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37)
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26)
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52)
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27)
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43)
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58)
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30)
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29)
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48)
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43)
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25)
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18)
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39)
Robert Fitzroger
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51) , or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30) , and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47) .
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed .
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (-407) fought.

Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai

On 11 Jul 1302 the army of Flanders unexpectedly defeated the army of France at Kortrijk during the Battle of the Golden Spurs aka Courtrai . Robert Artois II Count Artois 1250-1302 (51) , Raoul II de Clermont 1245-1302 (57) , Raoul Nesle -1302 and Godfrey Reginar -1302 were killed .
Jacques Chatillon -1302 was killed .

Robert "The Bruce" murders John "Red Comyn"

On 10 Feb 1305 John Comyn 3rd Lord Baddenoch 1269-1305 (36) was murdered by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (30) before the High Altar at Greyfriars Monastery Chapel, Greyfriars Monastery, Dumfries. Robert Comyn -1305 , John's uncle, was killed by Christopher Seton 1278-1306 (27) .Christopher's brother John Seton 1278-1306 (27) was also preset.
Murder, in a church, in front of the altar, regarded as a terrible crime.The act gave Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (65) just cause to invade Scotland.

Battle of Bannockburn

On 24 Jun 1314 the Scottish army of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39) including, James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (28) , heavily defeated the English army led by Edward II King England 1284-1327 (30) at the Battle of Bannockburn . .
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314 , John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 (20) , Robert Felton 1st Baron Felton 1270-1314 (44) and William Vesci -1314 were killed .
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (36) was killed . On 24 Jun 1314 His son John Marshal 2nd Baron Marshal 1292-1317 (22) succeeded as 2nd Baron Marshal .
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (40) was killed . His son Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (14) succeeded as 2nd Baron Clifford .
John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (25) was killed . His son John Lovell 3rd Baron Lovel -1347 succeeded as 3rd Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh .
Henry Bohun -1314 was killed by Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 (39) .
Walter Fauconberg 2nd Baron Fauconberg 1264-1318 (50) possilby died although his death is also reported as being on 31 Dec 1318.
Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (38) , Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (38) , Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331 , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (34) , Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (39) and Robert Umfraville Earl Angus 1277-1325 (37) fought.
Pain Tiptoft 1st Baron Tibetot 1279-1314 (34) was killed . His son John Tiptoft 2nd Baron Tibetot 1313-1367 succeeded as 2nd Baron Tibetot .
John Montfort 2nd Baron Montfort 1291-1314 was killed. Peter Montfort 3rd Baron Montfort 1291-1370 (23) succeeded as 3rd Baron Montfort
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (34) undertook a suicidal charge that contributed to the English defeat and subsequently blemished his career.
William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (38) was captured.
Michael Poynings 1270-1314 (44) was killed .

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge over the River Ure (between Ripon and York) at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire .Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) . . Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46) , Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34) , John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22) , Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (34) , Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) , John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) was hanged after the battle..
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (31) and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were both imprisoned.He in Nottingham Castle, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire and she in Sempringham Priory, Sempringham, Lincolnshire .
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton 1300-1335 (22) , Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke 1299-1323 (22) , William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (46) , Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 (34) , Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- and Peter Saltmarsh 1280-1338 (42) fought for the King.
Adam Everingham 1st Baron Laxton 1279-1341 (43) was captured.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed . His son John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 (15) succeeded as 5th Earl Hereford (6C 1199) , 4th Earl Essex (3C 1239) .

Battle of Teba

On 25 Aug 1330 James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (44) was killed during the Battle of Teba at Teba whilst en route to the Holy Land with the heart of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329

Battle of Wester Kinghorn

On 06 Aug 1332 a Scottish army led by Duncan Fife 4th Earl Fife 1288-1353 (44) and Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332 unsuccessfully attempted to oppose the forces of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) landing near Kinghorn, Fife at a skirmish known as the Battle of Wester Kinghorn . Alexander Seton the Younger 1290-1332 (42) was killed .

Battle of Dupplin Moor

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (8) , son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland 1274-1329 , and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (49) , supported by the English. The Bruce army included Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332 and Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- . The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (23) , Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 (30) , Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred 1292-1365 (40) and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny 1310-1372 (22) . The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.
Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale -1332 was killed leading a charge.
Nicholas Hay 1285-1333 (47) was killed .
Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray was killed . His brother John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (26) succeeded as 3rd Earl Moray .

Battle of Halidon Hill

On 19 Jul 1333 Edward III King England 1312-1377 (20) defeated the Scots army at the Battle of Halidon Hill near Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland . John Plantagenet 1st Earl Cornwall 1316-1336 (16) commanded.
English archers, just as at the Battle of Dupplin Moor one year previously, had a significant impact on the massed ranks of Scottish schiltrons. Edward's army included: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (33) , who commanded the right wing, Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (56) , Robert Pierrepoint -1334 , Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (30) , Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (53) and John Sully 1283-1388 (50) . One of the few English casualties was John Neville 1299-1333 (34) who was killed .
The Scottish army included David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (9) . Alexander Bruce -1333 , Alan Stewart -1333 , James Stewart 1276-1333 (57) , John Stewart -1333 , William Douglas 1st Earl Atholl -1333 , Archibald Douglas 1297-1333 (35) , Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox -1333 and Hugh Ross 4th Earl Ross 1296-1333 (36) who were all killed .
Kenneth de Moravia Sutherland 4th Earl Sutherland -1333 was killed . His son William de Moravia Sutherland 5th Earl Sutherland -1370 succeeded as 5th Earl Sutherland . Johanna Menteith Countess Sutherland by marriage Countess Sutherland .

Battle of Culblean

On 30 Nov 1335 David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl 1309-1335 (26) was killed during the Battle of Culblean . His son David IV Strathbogie 12th Earl Atholl 1327-1369 (8) succeeded as 12th Earl Atholl (1C ) . Whilst small the battle had a significant impact insofar as it brought an end to the campaign of Edward III King England 1312-1377 (23) also ending the aspirations to the Scottish throne of Edward Balliol I King Scotland 1283-1367 (52) .

Siege of Vannes

In 1342 Edward Despencer 1310-1342 (32) was killed during the Siege of Vannes .

Battle of Crecy

On 26 Aug 1346 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) defeated the French army at the Battle of Crecy .The English army was commanded by Edward III King England 1312-1377 (33) , his son Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (16) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (33) , William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 (36) and John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (30) .
The English army was included: Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (16) , James Audley 1318-1369 (28) , Robert Bourchier 1st Baron Bourchier -1349 , Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (17) , Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (51) , John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Knayth 1280-1347 (66) , Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Chartley 1309-1350 (37) , Richard Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Bolton 1327-1403 (19) , William Scrope 1325-1367 (21) , Stephen Scrope 1325- , William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (16) , John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (28) , Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (42) , Nicholas Longford 1288-1356 (58) , Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu -1361 , Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (27) , Michael Poynings 2nd Baron Poynings 1318-1369 (28) , Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (48) , John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (34) , Thomas West 1312-1386 (34) , John Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1303-1349 (43) , John Wingfield 1320-1361 (26) , Henry Percy 3rd Baron Percy 1321-1368 (25) , Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (43) (possibly), Walter "Elder" Devereux 1309-1376 (37) , John Devereux 1302-1346 (44) , Enion Sais Brecon , John Chandos 1320-1369 (26) , Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (26) and John Sully 1283-1388 (63) .
The French army suffered significant casualties. Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 (53) was wounded. William de Coucy 1286-1335 (60) and his son Enguerrand 6th Lord de Coucy 1313-1346 (33) and were killed .
Charles Valois Count Alençon 1297-1346 (49) was killed . His son Charles Valois Archbishop Lyons 1337-1375 (9) succeeded as Count Alençon .
Louis Chatillon II Count Blois, I Count Chatillon -1346 was killed . His son Louis Chatillon III Count Blois, Count Soissons -1372 succeeded as III Count Blois .
Louis Dampierre II Count Nevers, I Count Flanders 1304-1346 (42) was killed . His son Louis Dampierre III Count Nevers, II Count Flanders 1330-1384 (15) succeeded as III Count Nevers , II Count Flanders
John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 (50) was killed . His son Charles IV King Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperor Luxembourg 1316-1378 (30) succeeded as IV King Bohemia .
Rudolph "Valiant" Metz I Duke Lorraine 1320-1346 (26) was killed . His son John Metz I Duke Lorraine 1346-1390 succeeded as I Duke Lorraine .

Battle of Neville's Cross

On 17 Oct 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross near Durham, County Durham the English inflicted a heavy defeat on the Scottish army that had invaded England in compliance with their treaty with the French for mutual support against England.
The English army included: William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364 (45) , Henry Scrope 1st Baron Scrope Masham 1312-1392 (34) , Ralph Hastings 1291-1346 (55) , Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 (55) , William Zouche Archbishop York -1352 , Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (47) and John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 (35) .
Of the Scottish army David II King Scotland 1324-1371 (22) , John Graham Earl Menteith -1347 and William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (46) were captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .
Neil Bruce -1346 , John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray 1306-1346 (40) , David Hay 6th Baron Erroll 1318-1346 (28) and Edward Keith of Sinton 1280-1346 (66) were killed .

Battle of Poitiers

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (26) defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) at the Battle of Poitiers . John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) was captured.
The the English army included: Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (26) , James Audley 1318-1369 (38) , Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (43) , Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (27) , Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (61) , Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (21) , Ralph Ferrers 1329-1392 (27) , William Scrope 1325-1367 (31) , William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (28) , Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (37) , Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (58) , William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (18) , John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (44) , John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1323-1372 (33) , Thomas Arderne 1337-1391 (19) , Enion Sais Brecon , John Chandos 1320-1369 (36) , Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (36) , Jean Grailly 1331-1376 (25) and John Sully 1283-1388 (73) .
Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (53) protected the baggage train..
The French and Scottish army included: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) , Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (14) , Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (12) , Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas 1329-1400 (26) , John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu 1321-1387 (35) ; all captured.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 and William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 (33) fought.
Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 (45) was killed . His son Louis Bourbon II Duke Bourbon 1337-1410 (19) succeeded as II Duke Bourbon .

Battle of Brignais

On 06 Apr 1362 at the Battle of Brignais ...
James Bourbon Count La Marche 1319-1362 (43) was killed . His son Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (18) succeeded as I Count La Marche
His son Pierre Bourbon 1342-1362 (20) was killed .

Battle of Auray

On 29 Sep 1364 Battle of Auray decided the Breton Succession in favour of John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (25) .The Breton and English army was commanded by John Chandos 1320-1369 (44) and included William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer Corby 1330-1381 (34) , Miles Stapleton 1320-1364 (44) and Hugh Calveley 1324-1394 (40) . Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany 1319-1364 (45) was killed . Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (44) surrendered..

Battle of Nájera

On 03 Apr 1367 the forces of Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 (32) commanded by Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) defeated the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) at the Battle of Nájera at Nájera . The English forces included John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (27) , William Scrope 1325-1367 , Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 (21) , John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (30) and Thomas Banastre 1334-1379 (33) . The forces of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379 (33) included Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) . The battle achieved little since Bertrand Geusclin 1320-1380 (47) escaped.
John Ferrers 4th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1331-1367 (36) was killed . His son Robert Ferrers 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1358-1413 (9) succeeded as 5th Baron Ferrers Chartley . Margaret Despencer Baroness Ferrers Chartley -1415 by marriage Baroness Ferrers Chartley .

Battle of Baesweiler

On 22 Aug 1371 Edward Guelders Duke Guelders -1371 was killed .

On 23 Aug 1371 Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 (31) was killed at Baesweiler, Aachen aka Aix-le-Chapelle.

Peasant's Revolt

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield, Farringdon Without, City of London .During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385 . Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7) .

Battle of Otterburn

On 05 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton -1402 defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn, Northumberland . Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) and his brother Ralph Percy were captured as was Matthew Redman 1328-1389 (59) .On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas 1358-1388 (30) was killed , John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray -1391 fought. The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured. The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.

Battle Nicopolis

On 25 Sep 1396 at the Battle Nicopolis ...
Henry Bar 1362-1397 (34) was captured.
Philippe Bar 1372-1396 (24) was killed . His brother Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (19) succeeded as III Duke Bar .
Philip Artois Count Eu 1357-1397 (39) was captured.

Battle of Nesbit Moor

On 22 Jun 1402 George Dunbar 10th Earl March 1338-1420 (64) commanded a force of around 200 men from the Berwick garrison who defeated a Scottish army of around 400 men at Nisbet during the Battle of Nesbit Moor . Patrick "Younger" of Hailes Hepburn -1402 (64) was killed . John Cockburn , Thomas Haliburton , John Haliburton and Robert Lawedre -1425 were captured.

Battle of Homildon Hill

On 14 Sep 1402 Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (60) and his son Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) lay in wait at at Homildon Hill, Northumberland for the Scots to return from their laying waste to Northumberland.The Battle of Homildon Hill was a victory for the English forces whose longbowmen decimated the Scottish schiltrons. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (44) fought for the English.
John Swinton -1402 was killed .
Thomas Dunbar 5th Earl Moray 1371-1422 (31) and Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl Orkney 1375-1420 (27) were captured.
Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (30) was wounded. Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) forbade the ransoming of Scottish prisoners so that he could concentrate on the Welsh.By doing so he created a rift with the Percy family who subsequently defected to Owain ap Gruffudd Glyndŵr (43) .
William Stewart -1402 was executed by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (38) having been captured.
John Stewart -1420 fought at the Battle of Homildon Hill .

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36) , with his son the future Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) , defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield, Shrewsbury, Shropshire . Henry V King England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55) , the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31) .
Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) was killed .
Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed . His son Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 succeeded as 6th Earl Stafford (1C 1351) , 7th Baron Stafford (1C 1299) . Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Baroness Stafford (1C 1299) .
Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed ; he was one of four knights dressed as Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36) .
Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) , Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed . Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged .

Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk

Around May 1405 Richard Grey 4th Baron Grey Codnor 1371-1418 (34) and Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (25) decisively defeated the Welsh army at the Battle of Pwll Melyn aka Usk . Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndŵr Mathrafal 1375-1412 (30) was captured. Tudur ap Gruffudd Mathrafal Lord Gwyddelwern 1357-1405 (48) was killed . The Welsh lost around 1500 men with 300 prisoners being beheaded following the battle.The battle marked the beginning of the end of Owain Glyndŵr's (46) revolt.

Battle of Bramham Moor

On 19 Feb 1408 Thomas Rokeby force of Yorkshire levies defeated the Percy army during the Battle of Bramham Moor bringing to an end the Percy rebellion.
Henry Percy 1st Earl Northumberland 1341-1408 (66) was killed .
Thomas Bardolf 5th Baron Bardolf 1369-1408 (38) was killed . His daughter Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (17) succeeded as 6th Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk . William Phelip 6th Baron Bardolf 1383-1441 (25) by marriage 6th Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk .

Battle of Île-de-Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île-de-Bréhat during the Battle of Île-de-Bréhat . He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne, Lincolnshire.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt . Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) . Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42) , commander of the Vanguard, was killed ; the most senior English casualty.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35) , Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 , were killed .
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed . His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded as 4th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385) .
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25) , Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33) , William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26) , William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41) , John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51) , Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30) , Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12) , Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19) , Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29) , Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31) , Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57) , John Grey 1387-1439 (28) , John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31) , William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37) , Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford , Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) , Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22) , John Rodney -1417 , Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22) , Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18) , James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17) , Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52) , Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35) , Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30) . Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35) , Walter Sais , Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471 . Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46) , Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) , Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26) , John Bar 1380-1415 (35) , Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48) , David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415 , Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415 , Waleran Luxembourg 1355-1415 (60) were killed . Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) , John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed .
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed . His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded as I Duke Bar .
John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed . His son Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded as II Duke Alençon .
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed . His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded as Count Vaudémont .
Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed . His son John Valois-Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded as IV Duke Brabant . Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant .

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died . William Harrington 1373-1440 (45) , the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.
Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.
Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418 . John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded as 3rd Earl Somerset (2C 1397) .
Walter Devereux -1418 (-142) were killed .

Battle of Baugé

On 23 Mar 1421 the Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé .On the French side Étienne Vignolles -1443 fought.On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (40) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed .
On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) , Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) , Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured.
Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 , John Lumley 1383-1421 ,
John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed . His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded as 8th Baron Ros Helmsley .
William Ros 1397-1421 (24) , and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed .
John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37) was killed . His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded as 2nd Earl Tankerville (1C 1418) .v
William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.

Siege of Meaux

In Dec 1421 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) commenced the Siege of Meaux . John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (57) fought. John Cornwall 1403-1421 (18) was killed ; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.

Battle of Verneil

On 17 Aug 1424 the English forces inflicted a significant defeat on the French and Scottish army at the Battle of Verneil ; a second Agincourt.For the English Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 (15) , Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (23) , John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury, 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (41) fought.
On the French and Scottish side Pierre Valois-Alençon -1424 , Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (52) , William Seton -1424 , Alexander Home of Home and Dunglas 1368-1424 (56) and John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (43) were killed . Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (34) fought.

Battle of the Herrings

On 12 Feb 1429 John Fastolf 1380-1459 (49) was at Rouvray leading a supply train of some 300 carts of crossbows, cannons, etc and also barrels of herrings to Orleans.A force of 400 strong Scottish cavalry led by Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1401-1456 (28) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (49) attacked the supply train and were destroyed by English archers protected by supply wagons. John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (49) was killed .

Battle of Jargeau

On 11 Jun 1429 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau . Alexander Pole -1429 was killed . William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (32) surrendered.

Siege of Louviers

On 03 Oct 1431 Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers .

Battle of Gerberoy

On 09 May 1435 a French force commanded by Étienne Vignolles -1443 heavily defeated an English force commanded by John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel 1408-1435 (27) at the Battle of Gerberoy .
John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel 1408-1435 (27) was killed . His son Humphrey Fitzalan 15th Earl Arundel 1429-1438 (6) succeeded as 15th Earl Arundel (Sussex) , 5th Baron Maltravers (1C 1330) , 5th Baron Arundel (1C 1377) .
Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (30) fought.

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

Battle of Arbroath

On 24 Jan 1445 the Battle of Arbroath was fought between Clan Lindsay and Clans Ogilvy, Gordon, Oliphant, Seton and Forbes. David Lindsay 3rd Earl Crawford 1405-1445 (40) was killed when attempting to prevent the battle by riding between the two armies in an attempt to call a truce.Unfortunately a member of the Clan Ogilvy, thinking the Earl was attacked threw his spear at the Earl, hitting him in the mouth, killing him instantly. Clan Lindsay victorious.

Jack Cade's Rebellion

Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 was killed at Sevenoaks, Kent . William Tresham -1450 was indicted for treason. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 joined the rebellion.

Battle of Brechin

On 18 May 1452 the Battle of Brechin was fought between supporters of James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (21) and his rellious nobility including the Black Douglases. Alexander Gordon 1st Earl Huntley -1470 defeated the rebels led by Tiger Earl 4th Earl Crawford 1423-1453 (29) on behalf on the King. John Lindsay 1423-1452 (29) ,and the brothers William Gordon -1452 and Henry Gordon -1452 , were killed .

Battle of Castillon

On 07 Jul 1453 the Battle of Castillon , the last battle of the Hundred Years War, was fought at Castillon .
John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury, 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (70) was killed . His grandson Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (4) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Lisle (1C 1451) , 2nd Baron Lisle (4C 1444) . Margaret Herbert Viscountess Lisle by marriage Viscountess Lisle (1C 1451) . On His son John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (35) succeeded as 2nd Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442) , 2nd Earl Waterford , 7th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 11th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 8th Baron Talbot (1C 1331) . Elizabeth Butler Countess Shrewsbury, Countess Waterford 1424-1473 (29) by marriage Countess Shrewsbury (2C 1442) Countess Waterford .
John Talbot 1st Viscount Lisle 1426-1453 (27) was killed . He the son of John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury, 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (70) .
Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (22) and John Foix Earl Kendal 1410-1485 (43) were captured.

Battle of Arkinholm

On 01 May 1455 the Douglas rebellion was brought to an end at the Battle of Arkinholm near Langholm . Archibald Douglas 8th Earl Moray 1426-1455 (29) was killed . Hugh Douglas 1st Earl Ormonde -1455 was executed . John Douglas 1433-1463 (22) escaped.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans . Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44) .
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed . His son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded as 3rd Duke Somerset (2C 1448) ,
Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed . His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded as 3rd Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed . His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded as 9th Baron Clifford , 9th Lord Skipton . Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford .
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 (41) were killed .
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (33) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (55) fought.

Battle of Blore Heath

On 23 Sep 1459 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) attempted to ambush John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) whilst he was travelling to Ludlow to join up with the main Yorkist army; the Battle of Blore Heath .Forewarned by scouts he arranged his troops into battle order. The Yorkist army included John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (48) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (59) , James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) , William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (24) , Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26) , John Savile, Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (48) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (59) .
The Lancastrian army included brothers John Dutton -1459 , Thomas Dutton 1421-1459 (38) and Peter Dutton -1459 who were killed .
James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (61) was killed by Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (26) . His son John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (33) succeeded as 6th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire , 3rd Baron Tuchet . Anne Echingham Baroness Audley Heighley 1420-1498 (39) by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire , Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire .
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (58) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (34) were captured. Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (53) fought.
Richard Molyneux of Sefton 1420-1459 (39) was killed .
John Egerton 1404-1459 (55) was killed .
Adam Bostock 1413-1475 (46) was killed .
After the battle James Harrington 1430-1485 (29) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (28) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (28) were captured at Acton Bridge, Tarporley, Cheshire and imprisoned at Chester Castle, Chester, Cheshire having been detached from the main Yorkist force.
William Troutbeck 1436-1459 (23) was killed

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Northampton 1460

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) , George Neville Archbishop York 1432-1476 (28) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55) , Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43) , Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the Battle of Northampton 1460 .
Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed . His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded as 2nd Duke Buckingham (1C 1444) , 7th Earl Stafford (1C 1351) , 8th Baron Stafford (1C 1299) .
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed . His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded as 3rd Earl Shrewsbury (2C 1442) , 3rd Earl Waterford , 8th Baron Furnivall (1C 1295) , 12th Baron Strange Blackmere (1C 1309) , 9th Baron Talbot (1C 1331)
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed .
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed . His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Beaumont .
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (40) fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire . The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30) , both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50) , Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20) .
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed . His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded as 4th Duke York (1C 1385) , 9th Earl Ulster , 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414) .
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed .Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 . William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35) , John Savage 1444-1492 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) .In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) . Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed .
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire . He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2)

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) .The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed .
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39) . After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded as 7th Baron Harington , 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battles of Ferrybridge

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought at Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire at the with John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) capturing the bridge.
On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire . Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought. John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) was killed .For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) .
On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) was killed at Dintingdale, West Yorkshire, Yorkshire during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (7) succeeded as 10th Baron Clifford , 10th Lord Skipton .

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

Battle of Hedgeley Moor

On 25 Apr 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (33) defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hedgeley Moor, Glanton, Northumberland during the Battle of Hedgeley Moor .
Of the Lancastrians ...
Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (36) was killed . His son Edmund Ros 10th Baron Ros Helmsley 1455-1508 (9) succeeded as 10th Baron Ros Helmsley .
Ralph Percy 1425-1464 (39) was killed .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Edgecote Moor

On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor . The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (34) and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (46) .
Thomas Vaughan 1400-1469 (69) , John Wogan -1469 , Henry Neville 1437-1469 (32) , John Conyers 1420-1469 (49) and Oliver Dudley 1437-1469 (32) were killed . Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon 1439-1469 (30) , John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (58) and William Parr KG 1434-1483 (35) fought. Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) and John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) were captured.
Richard Herbert 1423-1469 (46) was beheaded .

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

Battle of Nibley Green

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (44) including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (35) defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) at Nibley Green, Berkeley, Gloucestershire .
Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) was killed . His sister Elizabeth Talbot Viscountess Lisle -1487 succeeded as 3rd Baron Lisle (4C 1444) .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495 , William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494 .
The Yorkists William Blount -1471 , Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed . Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed .
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed . His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Saye and Sele . Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele .
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed .
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed .

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury .
His brother Richard (18) , Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36) , John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46) , George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46) , George Browne 1440-1483 (31) , Ralph Hastings -1495 , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38) , James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16) , Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward Lancaster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed . He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (71) and John Beaufort 1441-1471 (30) were killed . Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 (32) and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 (44) were beheaded after the battle.
04 May 1471 William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed

Battle of Nancy

On 05 Jan 1477 Charles "Bold" Valois-Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 (43) was killed at the Battle of Nancy . His daughter Mary Valois-Burgundy Duchess Burgundy 1457-1482 (19) succeeded as Duke Burgundy .

Battle of Kirtie

On 02 Jul 1484 William Douglas 4th Lord Drumlanrig -1484 was killed at Kirtie during the Battle of Kirtie

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth . His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor .
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed . His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 ,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485 , Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed .

Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485 was killed . His son John Devereux 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1464-1501 succeeded as 8th Baron Ferrers Chartley
William Catesby 1450-1485 was executed at Leicester, Leicestershire after the battle.
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 held as a hostage by Richard III before the Battle of Bosworth .
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 betrayed Richard III King England 1452-1485 by not committing his forces at the Battle of Bosworth .
John Iwardby 1449-1485 was killed

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field ; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45)
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31)
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19)
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46)
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27)
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8) , knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40) .
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25) ,Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed . Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Battle of Sauchieburn

On 11 Jun 1488 Alexander Stewart 3rd of Garlies -1500 fought at the Battle of Sauchieburn . Alexander Cunningham 1st Earl Glencairn 1426-1488 (62) was killed at the Battle of Sauchieburn . Robert Cunningham 2nd Earl Glencairn 1451-1490 (37) succeeded as 2nd Earl Glencairn .

Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier

On 28 Jul 1488 Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488 was killed during the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier

Siege of Boulogne 1492

John Savage 1444-1492 was killed .

Battle of Saint-Mathieu

On 10 Aug 1512 Edward Howard 1476-1513 (36) commanded at Brest during the Battle of Saint-Mathieu . Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 (27) was killed .

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70) , Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) , Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35) , Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45) , Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51) and Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56) .
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59) , William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44) , Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (45) .
Randall Babington -1513 , John Bigod 1475-1513 (38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 (39) were killed .
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33) , William Constable 1475-1551 (38) , George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston -1558 , Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33) , Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) .
Christopher Savage -1513 , Thomas Venables 1469-1513 (44) and Brian Tunstall -1513 were killed .
Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed .(Some reports have him dying in 1518)
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.
James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed . His son James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded as V King Scotland: Stewart .
Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed .
William Keith 3rd Earl Marischal -1513 was killed . His nephew William Keith 4th Earl Marischal 1506-1581 (7) succeeded as 4th Earl Marischal .
David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed . His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded as 2nd Earl Cassilis . Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis .
William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed . His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded as 3rd Earl Caithness .
Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed . His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded as 3rd Earl Lennox (2C 1488) .
William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed . His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded as 5th Earl Erroll .
John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed . His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded as 3rd Earl Morton , 6th Lord Dalkeith .
Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed . His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded as 3rd Earl Bothwell .
Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed . His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded as 5th Master Garlies .
Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed . His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded as 2nd Lord Elphinstone .
Thomas Hay -1513 , George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513 , Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513 , Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513 ,
William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded as 7th Lord Drumlanrig .
George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed . His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded as 6th Lord Seton .
John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513 was killed . His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay -1543 succeeded as 3rd Lord Hay of Yester . Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage as Lord Hay of Yester .
Robert Keith 1483-1525 , Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513 , John Erskine -1513 , David Home 1491-1513 . Henry 03 Lord Sinclair 1465-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43) , James Traquair 1480-1513 (33) , Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513 (64) , Robert Douglas 1424-1513 (89) , John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 was killed . Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded as 5th Lord Maxwell .
William Murray 1470-1513 (43) , Colin Oliphant 1487-1513 (26) , William Ruthven -1513 , George Douglas 1469-1513 (44) and William Douglas 1471-1513 (42) were killed .
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.
Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513 , William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed .

Battle of Pavia

On 24 Feb 1525 Richard Pole 1480-1525 (45) was killed during the Battle of Pavia . Robert Stewart 4th Lord Aubigny 1470-1544 (55) fought.
Louis II de la Tremoille 1460-1525 (64) was killed .

Sack of Rome

On 06 May 1527 Charles Bourbon III Duke Bourbon 1490-1527 (37) was killed during the Sack of Rome .

Siege of Boulogne

In Jul 1544 English forces commenced the Siege of Boulogne at Boulogne-sur-Mer . John Chichester -1569 , William Godolphin 1515-1570 (29) , Henry Dudley 1517-1568 (27) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (56) fought. Henry Strangeways 1500-1544 (44) were killed .

Battle of Ancrum Moor

On 27 Feb 1545 a Scottish army defeated an English army at the Battle of Ancrum Moor at Jedburgh .The Scots Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (56) and James Hamilton 1st Duke Châtellerault 1516-1575 (29) fought. Brian Leyton -1545 were killed .Of the English, Ralph Eure -1545 was killed .

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

On 10 Sep 1547 an English army commanded by Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (47) defeated a Scottish army commanded by James Hamilton 1st Duke Châtellerault 1516-1575 (31) and Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (58) at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh at Musselburgh .The English army included John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (43) , Francis Talbot 5th Earl Shrewsbury, 5th Earl Waterford 1500-1560 (47) and Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth 1525-1584 (22) . John Thynne 1515-1580 (32) and Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos -1573 were knighted.
William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (26) accompanied Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (47) .
John Forbes 6th Lord Forbes 1475-1547 (82) was killed .
John Thynne 1515-1580 (32) was knighted after the battle.
The Scottish army included John Gordon 11th Earl Sutherland 1525-1567 (22) who commanded the Rearguard and Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558 (32) . John Stewart -1547 , Robert Douglas 1505-1547 (41) , John Livingston -1547 , Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield -1547 and Hugh Montgomerie -1547 were killed . John Hay 4th Lord Hay -1556 was captured but soon released.
Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (53) was killed . His son James Fleming 4th Lord Fleming 1534-1558 (13) succeeded as 4th Lord Fleming . Barbara Hamilton Lady Fleming by marriage Lord Fleming .

Kett's Rebellion

On 19 Jul 1549 Edmund Sheffield 1st Baron Sheffield 1521-1549 (27) was killed at Cathedral Close, Norwich Cathedral during Kett's Rebellion . His son John Sheffield 2nd Baron Sheffield 1538-1568 (11) succeeded as 2nd Baron Sheffield of Butterwick in Lincolnshire .

On 27 Aug 1549 the rebels were defeated by an army led by John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (45) . Henry Willoughby 1517-1549 (32) was killed at Mousehold Heath, Norwich, Norfolk .

Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings

On 04 Aug 1578 Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 (24) was killed at the Battle of Alcácer Quibir or the Three Kings . He was succeeded by his great uncle Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portgal 1512-1580.

Battle of Glenmalure

On 25 Aug 1580 the Irish forces ambushed the forces of Arthur Grey 14th Baron Grey Wilton 1536-1593 (44) at the Battle of Glenmalure fought at Glenmalure, County Wicklow.Around 800 English soldiers, including, Peter Carew -1580 were killed .

Battle of Nieuwpoort

On 02 Jul 1600 the Battle of Nieuwpoort took place at Nieuwpoort in Flanders.
Charles Drury -1600 was killed .

Gunpowder Plot

On 08 Nov 1605 Robert Catesby 1572-1605 (33) was killed at Holbeche House, Kingswinford, Staffordshire .

Siege of Maastricht

On 07 Aug 1632 Robert Vere 19th Earl Oxford 1575-1632 (56) was killed at the Siege of Maastricht . His son Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703 (5) succeeded as 20th Earl Oxford (2C 1141)

Battle of Powick Bridge

On 23 Sep 1642 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) was wounded at during the Battle of Powick Bridge .
Lawrence Carey -1642 was killed .
Charles Lucas 1613-1648 was wounded.

Battle of Edge Hill

On 23 Oct 1642 the Battle of Edge Hill was fought at Edge Hill, Warwickshire . The Royal army was commanded by Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (41) (with his son Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (12) present), Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) and Richard Spencer 1593-1661 (49) commanded the army that included Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (21) , Richard Byron 2nd Baron Byron 1606-1679 (36) , Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (32) , Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (22) , Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) , Thomas Salusbury 2nd Baronet Salusbury Lleweni 1612-1643 (30) , John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (43) and William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh 1587-1643 (55) .
George Stewart 1618-1642 (24) was killed .
Of the Parliamentary army Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh 1608-1675 (34) and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (51) . Oliver St John 5th Baron St John Bletso 1603-1642 (39) was wounded.
Samuel Sandys 1615-1685 (27) commanded a troop of horse at the Battle of Edgehill.
Richard Sandys 1616-1642 (26) was killed
Robert Bertie 1582-1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (59) was killed . His son Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey 1608-1666 (34) succeeded as 2nd Earl Lindsey , 15th Baron Willoughby Eresby . Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey, Countess Holderness 1605-1641 by marriage Countess Lindsey .
Thomas Strickland 1621-1694 (20) was knighted on the field for his gallantry at the Battle of Edge Hill .
William Dugdale 1605-1686 (37) witnessed the battle and subsequently surveyed the battlefield.

Around 1642 . William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30) . Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22) , John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst 1592-1656 (63) . Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (36) .

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710 . Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60) .

Battle of Hopton Heath

On 19 Mar 1643 William Compton 1625-1663 (18) and James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) fought for the Royalist army at Hopton Heath, Hopton, Staffordshire .
Spencer Compton 2nd Earl Northampton 1601-1643 (41) was killed . His son James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681 (20) succeeded as 3rd Earl Northampton (5C 1618) , 4th Baron Compton of Compton in Warwickshire .

Battle of Lansdowne

On 05 May 1643 the Battle of Lansdowne was fought near Lansdown Hill, Bath, Somerset .
Edward Leke -1643 was killed .
Bevil Granville 1595-1643 was killed at the at the head of the Cornish infantry as it reached the top of Lansdown Hill.He received a blow to the head with a pole-axe and was taken to the rectory at nearby Cold Ashton where he died.

Battle of Gainsborough

On 28 Jul 1643 the Parliamentary arms commanded by Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (44) and the Royalist army commanded by Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (23) fought at the Battle of Gainsborough at North Scarle, Lincolnshire .
Charles Cavendish 1620-1643 (23) was killed by James Berry -1691 . He was buried at Newark on Trent, Nottinghamshire .
On 04 Aug 1643 the Royalist Newdigate Poyntz 1608-1643 (34) died probably from wounds received at the battle.

Battle of Portlester

On 07 Aug 1643 Charles Moore 2nd Viscount Moore 1603-1643 (40) was killed at Ballivor, County Meath.

First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury, Berkshire with Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army.For Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643 , Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 (33) was killed .
William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) was killed . His brother John Villiers 3rd Viscount Grandison -1661 succeeded as 3rd Viscount Grandison .
Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.
Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33) was killed . His son Lucius Carey 3rd Viscount Falkland 1632-1649 (11) succeeded as 3rd Viscount Falkland .
Richard Neville 1615-1676 (28) served under the Earl Carnarvon (33) . Carnarvon was killed and Neville took up the command as a Colonel of Horse.
Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (25) was wounded.

Battle of Cheriton

On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart 1621-1644 (22) was killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists

Battle of Marston Moor

On 02 Jul 1644 at the Battle of Marston Moor Alexander Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton 1588-1661 (56) fought at for the Royal army. Lionel Carey 1622-1644 (22) was killed . John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 (18) fought for the Parliamentary army.
At the Battle of Marston Moor Lucas swept Fairfax's Yorkshire horse before him, but later in the day he was taken prisoner, in a battle won decisively by Parliament.
John Dolben (19) fought for the Royalists.

Around 1728 William Aikman 1682-1731 (45) . Portrait of John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale 1625-1697 .

Second Battle of Newbury

On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate-Simmern 1621-1652 (23) fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen, Newbury, Berkshire . Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 (27) was killed .

Siege of Scarborough Castle

In 1645 Henry Constable 1st Viscount Dunbar 1588-1645 (56) was killed at the Siege of Scarborough Castle . His son John Constable 2nd Viscount Dunbar 1615-1688 (30) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Dunbar . Mary Brudenell Viscountess Dunbar by marriage Viscountess Dunbar .

Battle of Willoughby Field

On 05 Jul 1648 Michael Stanhope 1624-1648 (24) was killed at Willoughby on the Wolds, Nottinghamshire during the Battle of Willoughby Field

Battle of St Neots

On 07 Jul 1648 Kenelm Digby 1625-1648 and Francis Villiers 1629-1648 (19) were killed .

Battle of Winnington Bridge

On 19 Aug 1659 the Battle of Winnington Bridge was fought between the 5000 strong Parliamentary Army of John Lambert and the 4000 strong Royalist army led by George Booth 1st Baron Delamer 1622-1684 (36) .
Brothers Piers Legh 1631-1671 (28) and In 1659 Thomas Legh -1659 fought.In 1659 Thomas Legh -1659 was killed .

Battle of Lowestoft

On 13 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) , Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (39) defeated a Dutch Fleet.
Richard Boyle -1665 was killed .
Charles Maccarthy 2nd Earl Clancarty -1666 was killed . His son Callaghan Maccarthy 3rd Earl Clancarty -1676 succeeded as 3rd Earl Clancarty (1C 1658) .
Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth 1630-1665 (35) was killed by a cannonball aboard the Royal Charles . His father Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge 1599-1668 (65) succeeded as 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry . Penelope Godolphin Viscountess Fitzhardinge by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry . Possibly the only occasion when a father has succeeded his son.
Charles Weston 3rd Earl Portland 1639-1665 (26) was killed . On 13 Jun 1665 His uncle Thomas Weston 4th Earl Portland 1609-1688 (55) succeeded as 4th Earl Portland (1C 1633) .
Thomas Allin 1st Baronet 1612-1685 (53) was present.
Admiral Jeremy Smith -1675 commanded the HMS Mary .

Four Days' Battle

From 01 Jun 1666 to 04 Jun 1666 the English and Dutch fleets engaged in battle.The English lost ten ships and 1000 men.The Dutch lost four ships and 1500 men.
On 01 Jun 1666 William Berkeley 1639-1666 (27) was killed .

Battle of Sole Bay

On 28 May 1672 Philip Carteret 1628-1672 (44) and Winston Churchill -1672 were killed at Solebay, Southwold, Suffolk during the Battle of Sole Bay
Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich 1625-1672 (46) was killed . His son Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Sandwich 1648-1688 (24) succeeded as 2nd Earl Sandwich . Mary Anne Boyle Countess Sandwich -1671 by marriage Countess Sandwich .
George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (25) fought.
Charles Harbord 1640-1670 (32) died . The inscription on his monument in Westminster Abbey reads ... Sr. Charles Harbord Knt. his Majesties Surveyor General, and First Lieutenant of the Royall James , under the most noble and illustrious captain Edward, Earle of Sandwich (46) , Vice Admirall of England, which after a terrible fight maintained to admiration against a squadron of the Holland fleet for above six houres, neere the Suffolk coast, having put off two fireships, at last being utterly dissabled and few of her men remaining unhurt, was by a third unfortunately set on fire: but he (though he swam well) neglected to save himselfe as some did, and out of the perfect love to that worthy lord (whom for many yeares he had constantly accompanyed in all his honourable imployments, and in all the engagements of the former warr) dyed with him at the age of XXXIII, much bewailed of his father whom he never offended, and much beloved of all for his knowne piety, vertue, loyalty, fortitude and fidelity.

Storming of Cork

On 09 Oct 1690 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (27) was killed at Cork, County Cork during the Storming of Cork . His son Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (6) succeeded as 2nd Duke Grafton (1C 1675) , 2nd Earl Euston , 2nd Viscount Ipswich , 2nd Baron Sudbury

Candlemas Massacre aka Raid on York

On 24 Jan 1692 Shubael Dummer 1636-1692 (56) was killed at York, York County, Maine during the Candlemas Massacre aka Raid on York .

Nine Year's War

On Jan 1695 James Killigrew -1695 was killed during the Nine Year's War .

Battle of Sheriffmuir

On 13 Nov 1715 John Lyon 5th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1696-1715 (19) was killed at Sheriffmuir during the Battle of Sheriffmuir fighting for the Jacobites. His brother Charles Lyon 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1699-1728 (16) succeeded as 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne .

Battle of Fontenoy

On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenoy .
George Cholmondeley 1724-1764 (20) , George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 (21) and John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave 1718-1784 (27) fought.
James Dillon -1745 and Robert Douglas -1745 were killed .

Battle of Culloden

On 16 Apr 1746 an English army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland 1721-1765 (24) and John Mordaunt 1709-1767 (37) defeated the Scottish army of Charles Edward "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Stewart 1720-1788 (25) at the Battle of Culloden bring to an end the Jacobite Rising of 1745.
Robert Kerr -1746 was killed
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 (40) was captured.

Battle of Lauffeld

On 02 Jul 1747 Edward Dillon -1747 was killed at Lauffeld during the Battle of Lauffeld

Battle of Carillon

On 06 Jul 1758 George Howe 3rd Viscount Howe 1725-1758 (33) was killed at Fort Carillon, Ticonderoga, Essex County, New York State at the Battle of Carillon . His brother Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe 1726-1799 (32) succeeded as 4th Viscount Howe , 4th Baron Glenawley .

1794 John Singleton Copley 1738-1815 (55) . Portrait of Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe 1726-1799 (67) . He wears an admiral's undress uniform of 1783 to 1787, of a blue jacket with gold braid.

Pontiac's War

On 06 May 1763 Robert Davers 5th Baronet Davers 1735-1763 (28) was killed during Pontiac's War . His brother Charles Davers 6th Baronet Davers 1737-1806 (25) succeeded as 6th Baronet Davers of Rougham in Suffolk

Battle of New Orleans

On 08 Jan 1815 Edward "Ned" Pakenham 1778-1815 (36) was killed at New Orleans, Louisiana during the Battle of New Orleans .

Battle of Quatre Bras

On 16 Jun 1815 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (47) fought and was hit by one of the last cannon shots of the day necessitating the amputation of this leg during the Battle of Quatre Bras .
Algernon Frederick Greville 1798-1864 (16) fought.
James Hay 1797-1815 (18) was killed .

Siege of Sevastopol

On 23 Jul 1855 Edward Fitzclarence 1837-1855 (18) was killed at the Siege of Sevastopol .

Siege of Mafeking

On 31 Oct 1899 Douglas Henry Marsham 1871-1899 (28) was killed .

First World War

On 13 Oct 1914 Maximilian Friedrich Hesse-Kassel 1894-1914 (19) was killed .

On 12 Sep 1916 Friedrich Wilhelm Hesse-Kassel 1893-1916 (22) was killed .

First Battle of Ypres

On 29 Oct 1914 Richard Wellesley 1879-1914 (35) was killed at Ypres during the First Battle of Ypres .

On 29 Oct 1914 Arthur John Hamilton 1883-1914 (31) was killed during the First Battle of Ypres

Battle of Coronel

On 01 Nov 1914 Peter Robert Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond 1885-1914 (28) was killed in the sinking of HMS Monmouth at Coronel during the Battle of Coronel .

Abermule Train Collision

On 26 Jan 1921 Herbert Lionel Henry Vane-Tempest 1862-1921 (58) was killed at Abermule, Newtown, Radnorshire, Welsh March during the Abermule Train Collision .

Second World War

On 30 May 1940 Frederick Cambridge 1907-1940 (32) was killed during the World War Two

On 12 Oct 1745 James Bertie 1735-1745 (10) was killed in a fire at Rycote, Oxfordshire

In 1641 Francis Bertie -1641 was killed at Ireland .

On 19 Feb 1650 Richard Bulkeley -1650 was killed in a duel with Thomas Cheadle of Lavan Sands on for which the latter executed at Conwy, Carnarvonshire, North-West Wales .

On 20 Dec 1812 George Carpenter 3rd Earl Tyrconnel 1788-1812 (24) was killed

On 09 Sep 1944 William Cavendish 1917-1944 (26) was killed at War Cemetery .

On 10 Apr 1706 Arthur Chichester 3rd Earl Donegal 1666-1706 (40) was killed at Montjuïc, Barcelona. His son Arthur Chichester 4th Earl Donegal 1695-1757 (11) succeeded as 4th Earl Donegal

Around Aug 1599 Conyers Clifford 1566-1599 (33) was killed

On 12 Jul 1691 Theobald Dillon 7th Viscount Dillon -1691 was killed at Aughrim, County Galway.

On Jul 1813 Charles Fane 1781-1813 (32) was killed

In 1068 Eadnoth the Constable -1068 was killed in Bleadon, Somerset leading a force against the two sons of Harold II King England 1022-1066 who had invaded Somerset.

On 20 May 1458 Lawrence Berkeley 1387-1458 (71) was killed

On 13 Apr 1238 Thomas Furnival 1200-1238 (38) was killed at Holy Land .

On 14 Jul 1891 George Algernon Leveson-Gower 1870-1891 (20) was killed

On 30 Sep 1628 Fulk Greville 13th Baron Latimer, 5th Baron Willoughby Broke, 1st Baron Brooke 1554-1628 (73) was killed at his house in London by servant Ralph Haywood who believed that he had been cheated in his master's will; Haywood then turned the knife on himself. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire . His sister Margaret Greville 14th Baroness Latimer, 6th Baroness Willoughby Broke 1561-1632 (67) succeeded as 14th Baron Latimer , 6th Baron Willoughby Broke . His first-cousin once-removed Robert Greville 2nd Baron Brooke 1607-1643 (21) succeeded as 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court .

Robert Harrington was killed

On 15 Jul 1756 William Howard 1714- (41) was killed accidently whilst driving a chaise. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Elford, Staffordshire

On 18 Jun 1815 Frederick Howard 1785-1815 (29) was killed during the Battle of Waterloo: Great Britain and Prussia. He was buried at Castle Howard Mausoleum, Castle Howard, North Yorkshire, Yorkshire

On 25 Jul 1186 Hugh Lacy 4th Baron Pontefract 1134-1186 (51) was killed by Gilla-Gan-Mathiar O'Maidhaigh at Durrow, County Offaly. He was buried at Durrow Abbey, Durrow, County Offaly, reburied at Bective Abbey, County Meath and reburied again at St Thomas' Abbey, Dublin, County Dublin. Albreda Lissours 5th Baroness Pontefract -1194 succeeded as 5th Baron Pontefract . His half third-cousin once-removed Robert Lacy 5th Baron Pontefract succeeded as 5th Baron Pontefract .

Around 1399 Robert Lisle 3rd Baron Lisle 1336-1399 (62) was killed . His brother William Lisle 4th Baron Lisle succeeded as 4th Baron Lisle of Rougemont (2C 1311) .

On 08 Sep 1945 Cecil Reginald John Manners 1868-1945 (77) was killed by a train at Crowborough Railway Station, Crowborough, East Sussex, Sussex

In 1794 Robert Manners-Sutton 1754-1794 (40) was killed in the explosion of HMS Ardent .

On 25 Aug 1330 John Mohun 1300-1330 (30) was killed at Boroughbridge, Yorkshire . He was was buried at Dunster, Somerset .

In Jun 1319 Robert "Peacock of the North" Neville 1287-1319 (32) was killed by James "Black" Douglas 1286-1330 (33) in single combat at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland . He was buried at St Brandon's Church, Brancepeth, County Durham .

On 18 Jun 1815 William Ponsonby 1772-1815 (42) was killed at Waterloo during the Battle of Waterloo: Great Britain and Prussia.

On 10 Jun 1429 Richard Poynings 1400-1429 (29) was killed at Orleans

In 1546 Edward Poynings -1546 was killed at Calais

On 20 Apr 1678 Francis Seymour 5th Duke Somerset 1658-1678 (20) was killed . He was unmarried and childless. He was shot dead by Genoese Horatio Botti whose wife Seymour was said to have insulted at Lerici. His brother Charles Seymour 6th Duke Somerset 1662-1748 (15) succeeded as 6th Duke Somerset (4C 1547) , 4th Baron Seymour Trowbridge .

In 1448 Richard Stafford -1448 was killed

On 16 Jan 1809 Charles Banks Stanhope 1785-1809 (23) was killed .

Battle of St Quentin

On 27 Aug 1557 Henry Dudley -1557 was killed at the Battle of St Quentin .(Note the battle took placed on 10 Aug 1557.)

On 10 Aug 1557 Henry Dudley 1531-1557 (26) was killed

On 23 Sep 1450 William Tresham -1450 was killed by a group of men as a result of a propery dispute

On 22 Nov 1392 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (30) was killed whilst hunting at Louvain . His uncle Aubrey Vere 10th Earl Oxford 1338-1400 (54) succeeded as 10th Earl Oxford (2C 1141) .

On 16 Sep 1943 Henry Wellesley 6th Duke Wellington 1912-1943 (31) was killed during an attempt to take Pimple Hill. He was buried where he lay. He was unmarried and without issue. His uncle Gerald Wellesley 7th Duke Wellington 1885-1972 (58) succeeded as 7th Duke Wellington (1C 1814) , 11th Earl Mornington (1C 1760) , 11th Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle . Dorothy Violet Ashton Ashton 7th Duchess Wellington 1889-1956 (54) by marriage 7th Duchess Wellington (1C 1814) .

In 1610 William West -1610 was killed by Native Americans near the falls of the James River. He was unmarried and without issue.

Charles Wray 1605- was killed at Spain

On 05 Jul 1645 Anne Wyndham -1645 was killed defending Parnham House, Parnham, Dorset by a soldier under the command of Sir Thomas Fairfax during the Civil War.

On 19 May 1106 Geoffrey "Hammer" Anjou IV Count Anjou 1072-1106 (34) was killed at Candé

On 12 Sep 1015 Lambert "Bearded" Reginar I Count Louvain 950-1015 (65) was killed by Godfrey Ardennes Count Verdun 965-1023 (50) . His son Henry Reginar I Count Louvain 1015-1038 succeeded as I Count Louvain

In 1077 Reginar Reginar -1077 was killed

On 27 Aug 1979 Louis Mountbatten 1st Earl Mountbatten Burma 1900-1979 (79) was killed by an IRA bomb aboard his fishing boat in Mullaghmore, County Sligo.

On 27 Oct 1914 Maurice Mountbatten 1891-1914 (23) was killed

On 24 Oct 1625 Friedrich Wettin Duke Saxe-Altenburg 1599-1625 (26) was killed . His brother Johann Wilhelm Wettin Duke Saxe-Altenburg 1600-1632 (25) succeeded as Duke Saxe-Altenburg .

On 19 Aug 1622 Frederick Wettin 1596-1622 (26) was killed

On 15 Aug 1707 Johann Wilhelm Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1677-1707 (29) was killed

On 04 Jun 1745 Johann Wilhelm Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 1726-1745 (19) was killed

On Aug 1418 Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (33) was killed at sea during a battle.

Around 1191 Nigel Mowbray 5th Baron Thirsk, 3rd Baron Mowbray 1146-1191 (45) was killed in Acre . His son William Mowbray 6th Baron Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray 1173-1224 (18) succeeded as 6th Baron Thirsk , 4th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) .

On 12 Apr 1165 Henry Fitzmiles Baron Bergavenny -1165 was killed by Seisyll ap Dyfnwal Gwent -1175 at Arnold (Arnaullt) Castle, Llanover, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales . He buried at Llanthony Secunda Priory, Gloucester, Gloucestershire . His sister Bertha Gloucester Baroness Bramber 1130- succeeded as 4th Baron Bergavenny (Feudal Creation) . William Braose 3rd Baron Bramber 1135-1179 (50) jure uxoris 4th Baron Bergavenny .

In Aug 1144 Geoffrey Mandeville 1st Earl Essex -1144 was killed at Barnwell Castle, Cambridgeshire . His son William Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex -1166 succeeded as 2nd Earl Essex (1C 1139)

On 24 Feb 1191 John Montgomery I Count Alençon -1191 was killed .

In 1158 Henry Fitzroy -1158 was killed .

On 05 Oct 1318 Edward Bruce King Ireland 1279-1318 (39) was killed .

In 1093 Edward Dunkeld -1093 was killed .

In 1425 John Stewart Lord Burley Stewart -1425 was killed

In 1571 Alexander Stewart 1570-1571 was killed by supporters of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (28) in Stirling .

In 1439 Alan Stewart 1406-1439 (32) was killed

In 1944 Charles Oliver Edward Fitzroy 1923-1944 (21) was killed .

On 17 Aug 1451 James "Black Knight of Lorn" Stewart 1394-1451 (56) was killed

Seventh Crusade

In 1249 John Stewart -1249 was killed at Damietta during the Seventh Crusade

In 1039 Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig Aberffraw Prince Gwynedd 1005-1039 (34) was killed by his own men.

In 1174 Iorwerth "Drwyndwn aka Flat Nosed" Aberffraw 1130-1174 (44) was killed in battle at Pennant Melangell, in Powys, during the wars deciding the succession following the death of his father.

In 985 Hywel ap Ieuaf King Gwynedd -985 was killed by his allies.

In 986 Cadwallon ab Ieuaf King Gwynedd -986 was killed by Maredudd ab Owain King Deheubarth, King Powys, King Gwynedd -999 .

In 1137 Morgan Dinefwr -1137 was killed at Kidwelly, Camarthenshire, South West Wales

In 1137 Maelgwn Dinefwr -1137 was killed at Kidwelly, Camarthenshire, South West Wales

In 814 Gruffydd ap Cyngen Cadelling -814 was killed by his brother Elisedd ap Cyngen Cadelling .

On 05 Aug 1063 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn King Wales -1063 was killed . The Ulster Chronicle states that he was killed by Cynan ab Iago King Gwynedd 1035-1063 in 1064, whose father Iago had been put to death by Gruffydd in 1039

In 1073 Bleddyn ap Cynfyn King Gwynedd, King Powys -1073 was killed by his cousin. His son Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132 (26) succeeded as King Powys .

In 1160 Llywelyn Mathrafal -1160 was killed .

In 1277 Madog Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog -1277 was killed . His brother Gruffydd Fychan Mathrafal Prince Powys Fadog -1289 succeeded as Prince Powys Fadog .

In 1812 Charles Littleton Anson 1799-1812 (13) was killed by an exploding gun aboard HMS Bacchante .

On 11 Jul 1302 John Hainault -1302 was killed .

On 21 Jun 1813 Henry Cadogan 1780-1813 (33) was killed .

Battle of Langside

On 13 May 1568 John Campbell -1568 was killed at Langside, Glasgow during the Battle of Langside

Around 1294 Colin Campbell of Lochow -1294 was killed whilst fighting Alexander Lord of Lorne.

Robert Capet 1216- was killed

In 1059 Hugh Burgundy 1034-1059 (25) was killed

Siege of Thérouanne

On 24 Jun 1513 Edmund Carew 1466-1513 (47) was killed in Thérouanne at the Siege of Thérouanne .

First World War

In 1916 Hugo Francis Charteris 1884-1916 (32) was killed at Egypt during the First World War . On 12 Jul 1937 His son David Charteris 12th Earl Wemyss 1912-2008 (3) succeeded as 12th Earl Wemyss .

In 1915 Yvo Alan Charteris 1896-1915 (19) was killed during the First World War

On 14 Apr 1205 Stephen Chateaudun -1205 was killed

In 1644 Richard Cholmondeley 1620-1644 (24) was killed .

On 28 Jun 1061 Floris Gerulfing I Count Holland 1025-1061 (36) was killed .

On 10 Nov 1299 John Gerulfing I Count Holland 1284-1299 (15) was killed by a mob.

In 1352 Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth 1276-1352 (76) was killed .

In 1392 William "Nithsdale" Douglas 1370-1392 (22) was killed by Thomas Clifford at Baltic .

In 1427 William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was killed . His son William Douglas 2nd Lord Drumlanrig -1458 succeeded as 2nd Lord Drumlanrig .

On 08 Aug 1675 John Douglas -1675 was killed .

In 1675 Robert Douglas -1675 was killed .

On Aug 1353 William "Flower of Chivalry and Knight Liddesdale" Douglas 1st Earl Atholl 1300-1353 (53) was killed by William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 (30) at Ettrick Forest, Ettrick

In 1927 David Duncombe 1910-1927 (17) was killed in a car accident.

Around 904 Llywarch ap Hyfaidd King Dyfed -904 was killed by Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950 (24) and his father Cadell ap Rhodri King Seisyllwg 854-909 (50) . His brother Rhodri King Dyfed -905 succeeded as King Dyfed .

In 905 Rhodri King Dyfed -905 was killed .

First World War

On 06 Aug 1917 Gavin William Esmond Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 1895-1917 (22) was killed during the First World War .

On 05 Oct 1111 Robert Flanders II Count Flanders 1065-1111 (46) was killed . His son Baldwin Flanders VII Count Flanders 1093-1119 (18) succeeded as VII Count Flanders .

On 17 Jul 1119 Baldwin Flanders VII Count Flanders 1093-1119 (26) was killed . His first-cousin Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders 1084-1127 (35) succeeded as I Count Flanders . Marguerite Clermont Count Flanders 1105-1145 (14) by marriage Count Flanders .

On 18 Jul 1100 Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouillon 1060-1100 (39) was killed at Acre . The Arab chronicler Ibn al-Qalanisi reported "while he was besieging the city of Acre, Godfrey, the ruler of Jerusalem, was struck by an arrow, which killed him".Other reports suggest he may have contracted an illness, or may have been poisoned.

On 01 Nov 1524 John Fleming 1st Lord Fleming 1465-1524 (59) was killed by John Tweedie of Drumelzier, and his followers, while hawking. His son Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (30) succeeded as 3rd Lord Fleming .

On 11 Apr 1512 Gaston Grailly 1489-1512 (22) was killed

In 852 Lambert Guideschi II Count Nantes -852 was killed by Gauzbert Rorgonide I Count Maine -853

On 30 Aug 1640 Thomas Hamilton 2nd Earl Haddington 1600-1640 (40) was killed by an explosion at Dunglass Castle, Dunglass. His son Thomas Hamilton 3rd Earl Haddington 1626-1645 (14) succeeded as 3rd Earl Haddington .

On 30 Aug 1640 Robert Hamilton 1614-1640 (26) was killed by an explosion at Dunglass Castle, Dunglass

On 14 Nov 1470 Robert Harcourt 1410-1470 (60) was killed by an adherent of the Staffords with whom he had a long running feud for Robert having murdered Robert Stafford in 1448 at Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire

On 27 Mar 1643 Simon Harcourt 1603-1643 (40) was killed at Kilgobbin Castle, Sandford, Dublin, County Dublin by adherents of the Irish Uprising that had broken out the year before.

On 15 Aug 1196 Conrad Hohenstaufen 1172-1196 (24) was killed .

On 21 Jun 1208 Philip King Germany 1177-1208 (30) was killed .

On 06 Jun 1217 Henry I King Castile 1204-1217 (13) was killed by a tile coming off a roof.He was buried at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas .

On 16 Mar 1278 William Jülich IV Count Jülich 1210-1278 (68) was killed

On 16 Mar 1278 William Jülich 1240-1278 (38) was killed . He and his two sons William and Roland, had entered the town of Aachen to collect taxes for King Rudolph I of Germany. There was a riot and William and his sons were killed. The city of Aachen was later ordered to pay a high compensation to William's widow Richardis on account of his murder.

On 12 Aug 1944 Joseph Patrick Kennedy 1915-1944 (29) was killed at Blythburgh, Suffolk

On 22 Nov 1963 John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1917-1963 (46) was killed

Francis Leke was killed at France

On 05 May 1643 Charles Leke -1643 was killed at Lansdown Hill, Bath, Somerset

Before 15 May 1218 Robert Marmion 3rd Baron Marmion 1153-1218 (65) was killed in a fight with the forces of Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (48) at Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire . His son Robert Marmion 4th Baron Marmion 1182-1248 (36) succeeded as 4th Baron Marmion of Tamworth in Staffordshire (Feudal) .

On 07 Dec 1593 John Maxwell 1st Earl Morton 1553-1593 (40) was killed during a fight with with the Johnstones of Annandale over an ongoing feud at Dryfe Sands, Lockerbie, Dumfries and Galloway . His son John Maxwell 9th Lord Maxwell 1583-1613 (10) succeeded as 9th Lord Maxwell .

On 02 May 1520 John Montgomerie -1520 was killed at High Street

In 1916 Robert Palmer -1916 was killed

On 16 May 1282 Thomas Savoy III Count Flanders 1246-1282 (36) was killed

On Nov 1332 Thomas Savoy Archbishop Lyons -1332 was killed

In 938 Thankmar Saxon-Ottonian 908-938 (30) was killed .

First World War

On 02 Oct 1915 Ninian Edward Crichton-Stuart 1883-1915 (32) was killed during the First World War

In 1366 Edmund Thweng -1366 was killed

In 508 Natanleod King Britons -508 was killed by Cerdic King Wessex -534 and 5000 of his men, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle at Netley Marsh, Hampshire

Before 1684 John Wrey -1683 was killed at Tangier .

On 31 Dec 1369 John Chandos 1320-1369 (49) was killed .

On 07 May 1642 Charles Coote 1st Baronet Castle Cuffe 1581-1642 (61) was killed in Trim, County Meath during an Irish Confederacy counter-attack.

On 02 Nov 1191 Gerard Count Loon -1191 was killed in Acre . His brother Louis Loon II Count Loon 1135-1218 (56) succeeded as II Count Loon .

In 1645 William Mainwaring 1625-1645 (20) was killed .

In 1034 Olaf mac Sitriuc 1042-1034 was killed by the English whilst on pilgrimage to Rome

On 15 Feb 1915 Charles George Edric Clowes 1892-1915 (22) was killed near Ypres . Memorial to Charles George Edric Clowes, Lieutenant of the King's Royal Rifles, killed in action aged twenty-two, Ypres (a number of records state 18 Feb 1915).

On 15 Feb 1915 Charles George Edric Clowes 1892-1915 (22) was killed near Ypres . Memorial to Charles George Edric Clowes, Lieutenant of the King's Royal Rifles, killed in action aged twenty-two, Ypres (a number of records state 18 Feb 1915).

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

Around 1488 Thomas Cockayne 1451-1488 (37) was killed in a fight with Thomas Burdett at Polsworth, Warwickshire . He was buried at All Saints Church, Youlgreave, Derbyshire . A curious monument insofar as it half-life sized apparently as a result of his dying before his father. Killed in a fight, or duel, with his in-law Thomas Burdett over inheritance or dower. Fluted Period . Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar . Cockayne Cockerel Crest .

On 07 Nov 1523 Thomas Gerard 1488-1523 (35) was killed during the Battle of Berwick at Berwick on Tweed, Northumberland

On Aug 1144 William Saye 1106-1144 (38) was killed at Barnwell Castle, Cambridgeshire

On 09 Jul 1644 Thomas Monck -1644 was killed through some mistake over the password at South Street, Exeter, Devon . He was buried at Great Torrington, Devon

On 12 Jun 1795 Hugh Williams 1767-1795 (28) was killed

In 634 Eanfrith King Bernicia 590-634 (44) was killed .

In 716 Osred King Northumbria 697-716 (19) ws killed .

Around 697 Osthryth Bernicia Queen Consort Mercia -697 was killed by Mercian nobles. She was buried at Bardney Abbey, Bardney, Lincolnshire

After 12 Oct 633 Eadfrith Deira -633 was killed . His half first-cousin Eanfrith King Bernicia 590-634 (43) succeeded as King Bernicia .

On 20 Aug 651 Oswine King Deira -651 was killed at Gilling, Yorkshire .

Around Apr 656 Paeda King South Mercia -656 was killed "very wickedly" through his wife's treachery "during the very time of celebrating Easter"

In 962 Æthelwald Ealdorman of East Anglia -962 was killed by Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (19) . Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (19) had previously sent Æthelwald Ealdorman of East Anglia -962 to Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (17) to offer her marriage to Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (19) . Æthelwald decided to marry Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (17) himself. Edgar "Peaceful" I King England 943-975 (19) sought revenge, killed Æthelwald and married Aelfthryth Queen Consort England 945-1000 (17) . The story subject to much debate among historians.

In 687 Mul King Kent -687 was killed .

Around 1054 Osbearn "Bulax" Northumbria -1054 was killed .

On 18 Jul 1526 Andrew Kerr of Cessford 1485-1526 (41) was was killed while escorting James V to Edinburgh.

On 11 May 1728 Charles Lyon 6th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1699-1728 (28) was killed accidently. Two days previously he had been attending a funeral after which, drunk, he and friends adjourned to a tavern. During a scuffle resulting from high spirits he was accidently wounded by a sword thrust intended for his friend who he had pushed aside dying forty nine hours later. The subsquent murder trial established the "not guilty" verdict (in addition to "proven" and "not proven") in Scots Law and the right of Scots juries to try the whole case and not just the facts known as Jury Nullification.
His brother James Lyon 8th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1702-1735 (25) succeeded as 7th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne .

On 01 Jun 1306 Alan Fitzalan of Bedale 1238-1267 (68) was killed by Payn le Keu in self-defense in Ingham, Norfolk .

In 1089 Amaury Montfort 1056-1089 (33) was killed . His brother Amaury Montfort Count Évreux 1070-1137 (18) succeeded as 3rd Seigneur Montfort

Around 1040 Roger "The Spaniard" Tosny 990-1040 (50) was killed at Conches-En-Ouches, Eure, Haute Normandie.

Around 1040 Helbert Tosny -1040 was killed at Conches-En-Ouches, Eure, Haute Normandie.

On 10 Jul 1086 Canute "The Holy" IV King Denmark 1042-1086 (44) was killed at St Alban's Priory .

On 10 Jul 1086 Benedict IV King Denmark -1086 was killed at St Alban's Priory