On this Day in History ... 15 September

1189 Richard I Appoints his Bishops

1408 Battle of Île de Bréhat

1648 Treaty of Newport

1916 Battle of the Somme

1916 Battle of Flers–Courcelette

15 Sep is in September.

On 15 Sep 1054 García III King Pamplona 1012-1054 (42) died in Barcelona. His son Sancho "Noble" IV King Pamplona succeeded IV King Pamplona.

Richard I Appoints his Bishops

On 15 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (32) held a Council meeting at Pipewell Corby at which he appointed a number of Bishops:
William Longchamp Bishop of Ely -1197 was elected Bishop of Ely.
Godfrey Lucy Bishop of Winchester -1204 was elected Bishop of Winchester.
Richard Fitzneal Bishop of London 1130-1198 (59) was elected Bishop of London.
Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was elected Bishop of Salisbury.

On 15 Sep 1317 Alan Zouche 2nd Baron Zouche Mortimer 1317-1346 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Mortimer 1265-1336 (52) and Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 (33) at Ashby de la Zouche.

Battle of Île de Bréhat

On 15 Sep 1408 Edmund Holland 4th Earl Kent 1384-1408 (24) was killed at Île de Bréhat during the Battle of Île de Bréhat. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul Bourne.

On 15 Sep 1500 Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (80) died at Knole House Knole Sevenoaks.

On 15 Sep 1505 Mary Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Hungary 1505-1558 was born to Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile 1478-1506 (27) and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile 1479-1555 (26).

On 15 Sep 1533 Catherine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Poland 1533-1572 was born to Ferdinand Habsburg Spain I Holy Roman Emperor 1503-1564 (30) and Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress 1503-1547 (30).

Treaty of Newport

Between 15 Sep 1648 and 27 Nov 1648 the Treaty of Newport attempted to reconcile Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (47) (who was imprisoned at nearby Carisbrooke Castle) with Parliament. Denzil Holles 1st Baron Holles 1599-1680 (48) and Henry Vane "The Younger" 1613-1662 (35) represented Parliament. James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688 (37) represented King Charles. The Treaty eventually came to nothing.
Parliament was also represented by John Crew 1st Baron Crew 1598-1679 (50), John Glynne Judge 1602-1666 (46), Nathaniel Fiennes 1608-1669 (40), William Pierrepoint of Thoresby 1608-1678 (40), Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland 1602-1668 (45), William Fiennes 1st Viscount Saye and Sele 1582-1662 (66), Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (63), William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury 1591-1668 (57), James Cranfield 2nd Earl Middlesex 1621-1651 (27) and Thomas Wenman 2nd Viscount Wenman 1596-1665 (52).

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1651. 15 Sep 1651. I accompanied Sir Richard Browne (46), my father-in-law, to the French Court, when he had a favorable audience of the French King (13), and the Queen (49), his mother; congratulating the one on his coming to the exercise of his royal charge, and the other's prudent and happy administration during her late regency, desiring both to preserve the same amity for his master, our King, as they had hitherto done, which they both promised, with many civil expressions and words of course upon such occasions. We were accompanied both going and returning by the Introductor of Ambassadors and Aid of Ceremonies. I also saw the audience of Morosini, the Ambassador of Venice, and divers other Ministers of State from German Princes, Savoy, etc. Afterward I took a walk in the King's gardens, where I observed that the mall goes the whole square there of next the wall, and bends with an angle so made as to glance the wall; the angle is of stone. There is a basin at the end of the garden fed by a noble fountain and high jetto. There were in it two or three boats, in which the King now and then rows about. In another part is a complete fort, made with bastions, graft, half-moons, ravelins, and furnished with great guns cast on purpose to instruct the King in fortification.

On 15 Sep 1656 John Dethick Lord Mayor of London -1671 was knighted by Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector 1599-1658 (57).

On 15 Sep 1657 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (29) and Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (19) were married. Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (19) by marriage Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1659. 15 Sep 1659. Came to see me Mr. Brereton (28), a very learned gentleman, son to my Lord Brereton (48), with his wife and divers other ladies. Also, Henry Howard of Norfolk (31), since Duke of Norfolk.

Samuel Pepys' Diary 15 September 1662. 15 Sep 1662. Up betimes to meet with the plasterer and bricklayer that did first divide our lodgings, and they do both tell me that my chamber now in dispute did ever belong to my lodgings, which do put me into good quiet of mind.
So by water with Sir Wm. Pen (41) to White Hall; and, with much ado, was fain to walk over the piles through the bridge, while Sir W. Batten (61) and Sir J. Minnes (63) were aground against the bridge, and could not in a great while get through.
At White Hall we hear that the Duke of York (28) is gone a-hunting to-day; and so we returned: they going to the Duke of Albemarle's (53), where I left them (after I had observed a very good picture or two there), and so home, and there did resolve to give up my endeavours for access to the leads, and to shut up my doors lest the being open might give them occasion of longing for my chamber, which I am in most fear about.
So to Deptford, and took my Lady Batten and her daughter and Mrs. Turner (39) along with me, they being going through the garden thither, they to Mr. Unthwayte's and I to the Pay, and then about 3 o'clock went to dinner (Sir W. Pen (41) and I), and after dinner to the Pay again, and at night by barge home all together, and so to my lodgings and to bed, my mind full of trouble about my house.

On 15 Sep 1666 Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 1666-1726 was born to George Wilhelm Hanover Duke Brunswick Lüneburg 1624-1705 (42) and Eleonore Esmier D'Olbreuse Duchess Brunswick Lüneburg.

On 15 Sep 1667 Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 was born to James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (30).

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1672. 15 Sep 1672. Dr. Duport, Greek Professor of Cambridge, preached before the King (42), on 1 Timothy vi. 6. No great preacher, but a very worthy and learned man.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1681. 15 Sep 1681. I had another opportunity of visiting his Majesty's (51) private library at Whitehall.
To Sir Samuel Morland's (56), to see his house and mechanics.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1685. 15 Sep 1685. I accompanied Mr. Pepys (52) to Portsmouth, whither his Ma* (51) was going the first time since his coming to the Crowne, to see in what state the fortifications were. We tooke coach and six horses, late after dinner, yet got to Bagshot that night. Whilst supper was making ready I went and made a visit to Mrs. Graham (34), some time maid of honour to ye Queene Dowager (46), now wife to James Graham, Esq (36) of the privy purse to the King; her house being a walke in the forest, within a little quarter of a mile from Bagshot towne. Very importunate she was that I would sup, and abide there that night, but being obliged by my companion, I return'd to our inn, after she had shew'd me her house, wch was very commodious and well furnish'd, as she was an excellent housewife, a prudent and virtuous lady. There is a parke full of red deere about it. Her eldest son was now sick there of the small-pox, but in a likely way of recovery, and other of her children run about, and among the infected, wnh she said she let them do on purpose that they might whilst young pass that fatal disease she fancied they were to undergo one time or other, and that this would be the best: the severity of this cruell disease so lately in my poore family confirming much of what she affirmed.

John Evelyn's Diary 15 September 1692. 15 Sep 1692. There happened an earthquake, which, though not so great as to do any harm in England, was universal in all these parts of Europe. It shook the house at Wotton, but was not perceived by any save a servant or two, who were making my bed, and another in a garret. I and the rest being at dinner below in the parlor, were not sensible of it. The dreadful one in Jamaica this summer was profanely and ludicrously represented in a puppet play, or some such lewd pastime, in the fair of Southwark, which caused the Queen (30) to put down that idle and vicious mock show.

On 15 Sep 1701 John Germain Baronet Germain 1650-1718 (51) and Mary Mordaunt Duchess Norfolk 1659-1705 (42) were married. Mary Mordaunt Duchess Norfolk 1659-1705 (42) by marriage Baronet Germain of Westminster.

On 15 Sep 1712 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (67) died. His son Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl Godolphin 1678-1766 (34) succeeded 2nd Earl Godolphin, 2nd Viscount Rialton, 2nd Baron Godolphin of Rialton in Cornwall. Henrietta Churchill 2nd Duchess Marlborough 1681-1733 (31) by marriage Earl Godolphin.

On 15 Sep 1743 David Erskine 9th Earl Buchan 1672-1745 (71) and Isabella Blackett Countess Buchan 1691-1763 (52) were married. Isabella Blackett Countess Buchan 1691-1763 (52) by marriage Earl Buchan.

On or before 15 Sep 1772 Susanna Leveson Gower Countess Harrowby Lincolnshire 1772-1838 was born to Granville Leveson Gower 1st Marquess Stafford 1721-1803 (51) and Susanna Stewart Marchioness Stafford. She was baptised at Trentham.

On 15 Sep 1791 George Spencer Churchill 5th Duke Marlborough 1766-1840 (25) and Susan Stewart Duchess Marlborough 1767-1841 (24) were married.

On 15 Sep 1853 John Cust 1st Earl Brownlow 1779-1853 (74) died. His grandson John William Spencer Brownlow Egerton Cust 2nd Earl Brownlow 1842-1867 (11) succeeded 2nd Earl Brownlow, 3rd Baron Brownlow of Belton in Lincolnshire.

After 15 Sep 1853. Monument to Richard Brownlow 2nd Baronet Brownlow 1643-1668 in St Peter and St Paul Church Belton Grantham.

On 15 Sep 1864 George Cadogan 3rd Earl Cadogan 1783-1864 (81) died. His son Henry Cadogan 4th Earl Cadogan 1812-1873 (52) succeeded 4th Earl Cadogan 2C 1800. Mary Sarah Wellesley Countess Cadogan 1808-1873 (56) by marriage Earl Cadogan 2C 1800.

On 15 Sep 1864 Sigismund Hohenzollern 1864-1866 was born to Frederick III King Prussia 1831-1888 (32) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia 1840-1901 (23).

On 15 Sep 1870 Frances Louisa Spencer Churchill 1870-1954 was born to George Charles Spencer Churchill 8th Duke Marlborough 1844-1892 (26) and Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Duchess Marlborough 1847-1932 (23).

On 15 Sep 1884 Gilbert Henry Chandos Legh 1851-1884 (33) died in a hunting accident on a shooting expedition in the Big Horn Mountains Wyoming. Monument in The Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh sculpted by Edwardo Orlandini.

On 15 Sep 1895 Marian Ileene Mabel Hastings 1895-1947 was born to Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon 1868-1939 (27).

Battle of Flers–Courcelette

On 15 Sep 1916 Charles William Reginald Duncombe 2nd Earl Feversham 1879-1916 (37) was killed in action at Flers–Courcelette, Somme during the Battle of Flers–Courcelette. His son Charles Duncombe 3rd Earl Feversham 1906-1963 (9) succeeded 3rd Earl Feversham 3C 1868.

Battle of the Somme

On 15 Sep 1916 Lt Colonel Arthur Paston Mack 1863-1916 (53) was killed in action at the Battle of the Somme. Memorial at St Margaret's Church Paston.

On 15 Sep 1952 Very Rev Frederic Athelwold Iremonger 1878-1952 (74) died. Memorial in Winchester Cathedral sculpted by Bertram Mckennal Sculptor 1863-1931.

On 15 Sep 1973 Gustaf Adolph VI King Sweden 1882-1973 (90) died. His grandson Carl XVI King Sweden 1946- succeeded XVI King Sweden. Silvia Sommerlath Queen Consort Sweden by marriage Queen Consort Sweden.