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Andrew Marvell Letter to a friend 1671

Andrew Marvell Letter to a friend 1671. 1671. The King (40) having, upon pretence of the great preparations of his neighbours, demanded three hundred thousand pounds for his navy, (though in conclusion he hath not sent out any) and that the Parliament should pay his debts, which the ministers would never particularize to the House of Commons, our house gave several bills. You see how far things were stretched beyond reason, there being no satisfaction how these debts were contracted, and all men foreseeing that what was given would not be applied to discharge the debts, which I hear are at this day risen to four millions.
Nevertheless, such was the number of the constant courtiers, increased by the apostate patriots, who were bought off for that turn, some at six, others at ten, one at fifteen thousand pounds, in money; besides which, offices, lands, and reversions to others, that it is a mercy they gave not away the whole land and liberty of England. The Duke of Buckingham (42) is again one hundred and forty thousand pounds in debt, and, by this prorogation, his creditors have time to tear all his lands in pieces. The House of Commons have run almost to the end of their time, and are grown extremely chargeable to the King (40), and odious to the people. They have signed and sealed ten thousand pounds a-year more to the Duchess of Cleveland (30), who has likewise ten thousand pounds out of the excise of beer and ale; five thousand pounds a year out of the post-office; and, they say, the reversion of all the king's leases, the reversion of all the places in the Customhouse, and, indeed, what not? All promotions, spiritual and temporal, pass under her cognizance.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1675 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke Buckingham 1628-1687 (46) wearing his Garter Collar.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

Around 1666 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (47). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (25). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (57). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (49).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.