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Calendar of State Papers of Spain Volume 4 1587-1603

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Calendar of State Papers of Spain Volume 4 1587-1603. 28 Feb 1587. Paris. Bernardino De Mendoza Ambassador 1540-1604 (47) to Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59). Note. Assumed to be the Spanish King Philip II.
The English ambassador sent the confidant (i.e., Charles Arundell -1587 (54)) to me this morning to say that as it was so important that your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) should be informed instantly of the news he had received last night from England, that he sent to tell me of it, and openly to conFess me his anxiety to serve your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59). He offered himself entirely through me, in the assurance that your Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) would not order him to do anything against the interest of his mistress the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53), who however, he could plainly see, had not long to live now that she had allowed the execution of the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587. It happened in this way. The William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (66) being absent through illness, the Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (54), Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (60), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (51) and Francis Walsingham Secretary 1532-1590 (55), had represented to the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) that the Parliament would resolutely refuse to vote any money to maintain the war in Holland, or to fit out a naval force to help Don Antonio, unless she executed the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587. Under this pressure she consented to sign a warrant, as they called it, that the Parliament might see, but which was not to be executed, unless it were proved that the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 conspired again against her life. As Francis Walsingham Secretary 1532-1590 (55) was ill this warrant was taken to the Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) for her signature by William Davison Secretary 1541-1608, and after she had signed it she ordered William Davison Secretary 1541-1608 not to give it to anyone unless she gave him personally her authority to do so. William Davison Secretary 1541-1608, who is a terrible heretic and an enemy of the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587, like the rest of the above-mentioned, delivered the warrant to them. They took a London executioner and sent him with the warrant to the justice of the county where the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 was. The moment the justice received it, on the 08 Feb 1587 [NOTE. Appears to be a typo; original says 18th], he entered the Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 chamber with Amias Poulett Courtier 1533-1588 (54) and Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), who had charge of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587, and there they had Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 head cut off with a hatchet in the presence of the four persons only. The Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (53) orders her ambassador to inform this Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (59) of it, and assure him, as she will more fully by a special envoy, that the deed was done against her will, and although she had signed the warrant she had no intention of having it carried out. She cannot avoid blaming herself for having trusted anyone but herself in such a matter. The ambassador is begging earnestly for an audience and is keeping the matter secret until he tells the King. In order that no time may be lost in informing your Majesty, I send this special courier in the name of merchants, by way of Bordeaux, whence he will go post to Irun ; and as God has so willed that these accursed people, for His ends, should fall into "reprobrium sensum," and against all reason commit such an act as this, it is evidently His design to deliver those two kingdoms into your Majesty's hands. I thanked the ambassador in general terms for his offer, saying that I would give an account thereof to your Majesty. As I have formerly said, it will be most adviSable to accept it, and pledge him to give us notice of any machinations here and in England against us. He reports that the fitting out of ships continues but in no greater number than he previously advised, although the rumour is current here that there would be 60 English, besides the Hollanders, but that the crews, etc. were not raised and no time fixed for the departure. The ambassador says he will have full information on the point when a gentleman of his has arrived whom he had sent to England to gain intelligence, as Cecil only writes now to say that the execution of the queen of Scotland has been against his will, as he, the ambassador knew ; and that the King, her son, was in great danger of suffering a similar fate. The execution was known in London on the 20th when the executioner returned, and great bonfires had been lit for joy all over the countryside. They did not even give her time to commend her soul to God. See Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.

Around 1573 Sofonisba Anguissola 1532-1625 (41). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (45).

Around 1560 Antonis Mor 1517-1577 (43). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (32).

Around 1550. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (62). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (22).

Around 1554. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (66). Portrait of Philip "The Prudent" II King Spain 1527-1598 (26).

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1559 Fran├žois Clouet Portrait Painter 1510-1572 (49). Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (16).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (33).

After 1585 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (attributed). Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Around 1565 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1587 William Segar Painter 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (54).

Around 1575 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42).

Around 1575 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (42) wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

Around 1620 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (30). Portrait of Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (84).

08 Feb 1587.Robert Beale Clerk 1541-1601 (46) was an eye-witness to the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots. Those indicted include 1 George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury, 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), 2 Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), 3 Amyas Poulett 1457-1538. The drawing appears to show three event rather than a moment in time: her being led into the Hall, her being disrobed and being beheaded.