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John Evelyn's Diary 1682
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 11 Jan 1682. I saw the audience of the Morocco Ambassador, his retinue not numerous. He was received in the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, both their Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) being present. He came up to the throne without making any sort of reverence, not bowing his head, or body. He spoke by a renegado Englishman, for whose safe return there was a promise. They were all clad in the Moorish habit, cassocks of colored cloth, or silk, with buttons and loops, over this an alhaga, or white woolen mantle, so large as to wrap both head and body, a sash, or small turban, naked-legged and armed, but with leather socks like the Turks, rich scymetar, and large calico sleeved shirts. The Ambassador had a string of pearls oddly woven in his turban. I fancy the old Roman habit was little different as to the mantle and naked limbs. He was a handsome person, well featured, of a wise look, subtle, and extremely civil. Their presents were lions and ostriches; their errand about a peace at Tangier. But the concourse and tumult of the people was intolerable, so as the officers could keep no order, which these strangers were astonished at first, there being nothing so regular, exact, and performed with such silence, as is on all these public occasions of their country, and indeed over all the Turkish dominions.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 14 Jan 1682. Dined at the John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (57), at the Rochester Cathedral, it being his marriage day, after twenty-four years. He related to me how he had been treated by William Temple 1st Baronet 1628-1699, foreseeing that he might be a delegate in the concern of my Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset 1667-1722 (14) now likely come in controversy upon her marriage with Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682 (34); also how earnestly the late Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (49) [NOTE. The word 'late' suggest the Earl being dead but may refer to his downfall around 1678], Lord Treasurer, sought his friendship, and what plain and sincere advice he gave him from time to time about his miscarriages and partialities; particularly his outing John Duncombe Chancellor 1622-1687 (60) from being Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (54), above all, from being Paymaster of the Army. The Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (49) excuse and reason was, that Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (54) credit was so over great with the bankers and monied men, that he could procure none but by his means, "for that reason," replied the John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (57), "I would have made him my friend, Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (54) being a person both honest and of credit." He told him likewise of his stateliness and difficulty of access, and several other miscarriages, and which indeed made him hated.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 24 Jan 1682. To the Royal Society, where at the Council we passed a new law for the more accurate consideration of candidates, as whether they would really be useful; also concerning the honorary members, that none should be admitted but by diploma.
This evening I was at the entertainment of the Morocco Ambassador at the Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32) glorious apartments at Whitehall Palace, where was a great banquet of sweetmeats and music; but at which both the Ambassador and his retinue behaved themselves with extraordinary moderation and modesty, though placed about a long table, a lady between two Moors, and among these were the King's natural children, namely, Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (17) and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (20), the Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32), Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (31), etc., concubines, and cattle of that sort, as splendid as jewels and excess of bravery could make them; the Moors neither admiring nor seeming to regard anything, furniture or the like, with any earnestness, and but decently tasting of the banquet. They drank a little milk and water, but not a drop of wine; they also drank of a sorbet and jacolatt; did not look about, or stare on the ladies, or express the least surprise, but with a courtly negligence in pace, countenance, and whole behavior, answering only to such questions as were asked with a great deal of wit and gallantry, and so gravely took leave with this compliment, that God would bless the Duchess of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (32) and the Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (9), her son meaning the little Duke of Richmond. The Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) came in at the latter end, just as the Ambassador was going away. In this manner was this slave (for he was no more at home) entertained by most of the nobility in town, and went often to Hyde Park on horseback, where he and his retinue showed their extraordinary activity in horsemanship, and flinging and catching their lances at full speed; they rode very short, and could stand upright at full speed, managing their spears with incredible agility. He went sometimes to the theaters, where, upon any foolish or fantastical action, he could not forbear laughing, but he endeavored to hide it with extraordinary modesty and gravity. In a word, the Russian Ambassador, still at Court behaved himself like a clown compared to this civil heathen.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 27 Jan 1682. This evening, Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (54) acquainted me again with his Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) resolution of proceeding in the erection of a Royal Hospital Chelsea for emerited soldiers on that spot of ground which the Royal Society had sold to his Majesty for £1,300, and that he would settle £5,000 per annum on it, and build to the value of £20,000 for the relief and reception of four companies, namely, 400 men, to be as in a college, or monastery. I was therefore desired by Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (54) (who had not only the whole managing of this, but was, as I perceived, himself to be a grand benefactor, as well it became him who had gotten so vast an estate by the soldiers) to assist him, and consult what method to cast it in, as to the government. So, in his study we arranged the governor, chaplain, steward, housekeeper, chirurgeon, cook, butler, gardener, porter, and other officers, with their several salaries and entertainments. I would needs have a library, and mentioned several books, since some soldiers might possibly be studious, when they were at leisure to recollect. Thus we made the first calculations, and set down our thoughts to be considered and digested better, to show his Majesty and the Archbishop. He also engaged me to consider of what laws and orders were fit for the government, which was to be in every respect as strict as in any religious convent.
After supper, came in the famous treble, Mr. Abel, newly returned from Italy; I never heard a more excellent voice; one would have sworn it had been a woman's, it was so high, and so well and skillfully managed, being accompanied by Signor Francesco on the harpsichord.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jan. 28 Jan 1682. Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (48), late Secretary to the Admiralty, showed me a large folio containing the whole mechanic part and art of building royal ships and men-of-war, made by Anthony Deane Shipbuilder 1633-1721 (48), being so accurate a piece from the very keel to the lead block, rigging, guns, victualing, manning, and even to every individual pin and nail, in a method so astonishing and curious, with a draught, both geometrical and in perspective, and several sections, that I do not think the world can show the like. I esteem this book as an extraordinary jewel.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Feb
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Feb. 07 Feb 1682. My daughter, Mary Evelyn 1665-1685 (17), began to learn music of Signor Bartholomeo, and dancing of Monsieur Isaac, reputed the best masters.
Having had several violent fits of an ague, recourse was had to bathing my legs in milk up to the knees, made as hot as I could endure it: and sitting so in it in a deep churn, or vessel, covered with blankets, and drinking carduus posset, then going to bed and sweating, I not only missed that expected fit, but had no more, only continued weak, that I could not go to church till Ash Wednesday, which I had not missed, I think, so long in twenty years, so gracious had God been to me.
After this warning and admonition, I now began to look over and methodize all my writings, accounts, letters, papers; inventoried the goods, and other articles of the house, and put things into the best order I could, and made my will; that now, growing in years, I might have none of these secular things and concerns to distract me, when it should please Almighty God to call me from this transitory life. With this, I prepared some special meditations and devotions for the time of sickness. The Lord Jesus grant them to be salutary for my poor soul in that day, that I may obtain mercy and acceptance!.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Mar
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Mar. 02 Mar 1682. Ash Wednesday. I went to church: our vicar preached on Proverbs, showing what care and vigilance was required for the keeping of the heart upright. The Holy Communion followed, on which I gave God thanks for his gracious dealing with me in my late sickness, and affording me this blessed opportunity of praising him in the congregation, and receiving the cup of salvation with new and serious resolutions.
Came to see and congratulate my recovery, John Lowther 1st Baronet Lowther 1605-1675, Mr. Herbert, Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (49), Anthony Deane Shipbuilder 1633-1721 (48), and Mr. Hill.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Mar. 10 Mar 1682. This day was executed Colonel Christopher Vrats -1682, and some of his accomplices, for the execrable murder of Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne 1648-1682, set on by the principal Karl Johann von Königsmarck 1659-1686 (22). He went to execution like an undaunted hero, as one that had done a friendly office for that base coward, Karl Johann von Königsmarck 1659-1686 (22), who had hopes to marry his widow, the rich Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset 1667-1722 (15), and was acquitted by a corrupt jury, and so got away. Colonel Christopher Vrats -1682 told a friend of mine who accompanied him to the gallows, and gave him some advice that he did not value dying of a rush, and hoped and believed God would deal with him like a gentleman. Never man went, so unconcerned for his sad fate..
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Mar. 24 Mar 1682. I went to see the corpse of that obstinate creature, Colonel Christopher Vrats -1682, the Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (51) permitting that his body should be transported to his own country, he being of a good family, and one of the first embalmed by a particular art, invented by one William Russell, a coffin-maker, which preserved the body without disboweling, or to appearance using any bituminous matter. The flesh was florid, soft, and full, as if the person were only sleeping. He had now been dead near fifteen days, and lay exposed in a very rich coffin lined with lead, too magnificent for so daring and horrid a murderer.
At the meeting of the Royal Society were exhibited some pieces of amber sent by the Frederick William "Great Elector" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg 1620-1688 (62), in one of which was a spider, in another a gnat, both very entire. There was a discourse of the tingeing of glass, especially with red, and the difficulty of finding any red color effectual to penetrate glass, among the glass-painters; that the most diaporous, as blue, yellow, etc., did not enter into the substance of what was ordinarily painted, more than very shallow, unless incorporated in the metal itself, other reds and whites not at all beyond the superfices.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Apr
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Apr. 05 Apr 1682. To the Royal Society, where at a Council was regulated what collections should be published monthly, as formerly the transactions, which had of late been discontinued, but were now much called for by the curious abroad and at home.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Apr. 12 Apr 1682. I went this afternoon with several of the Royal Society to a supper which was all dressed, both fish and flesh, in Denis Papin Inventor FRS 1647-1713 (34) digestors, by which the hardest bones of beef itself, and mutton, were made as soft as cheese, without water or other liquor, and with less than eight ounces of coals, producing an incredible quantity of gravy; and for close of all, a jelly made of the bones of beef, the best for clearness and good relish, and the most delicious that I had ever seen, or tasted. We ate pike and other fish, bones and all, without imPediment; but nothing exceeded the pigeons, which tasted just as if baked in a pie, all these being stewed in their own juice, without any addition of water save what swam about the digestor, as in balneo; the natural juice of all these provisions acting on the grosser substances, reduced the hardest bones to tenderness; but it is best descanted with more particulars for extracting tinctures, preserving and stewing fruit, and saving fuel, in Denis Papin Inventor FRS 1647-1713 (34) book, published and dedicated to our Royal Society of which he is a member. He is since gone to Venice with the late Resident here (and also a member of our Royal Society), who carried this excellent mechanic, philosopher, and physician, to set up a philosophical meeting in that city. This philosophical supper caused much mirth among us, and exceedingly pleased all the company. I sent a glass of the jelly to my Mary Browne 1635-1708 (47), to the reproach of all that the ladies ever made of their best hartshorn.
The season was unusually wet, with rain and thunder.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May. 25 May 1682. I was desired by Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (55) and Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (58) to accompany them to Lambeth, with the plot and design of the college to be built at Royal Hospital Chelsea, to have the Archbishop's approbation. It was a quadrangle of 200 feet square, after the dimensions of the larger quadrangle at Christ Church College, Oxford University, Oxford, for the accommodation of 440 persons, with governor and officers. This was agreed on.
The James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (48) and James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (48) and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (23) were just now come to London, after his escape and shipwreck, as he went by sea for Scotland. See Sinking of HMS Gloucester.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May. 28 May 1682. At the Rolls Chapel, Chancery Lane, Farringdon Without preached the famous Gilbert Burnet Bishop Salisbury 1643-1715 (38) on Second Epistle of Peter Chapter 1 Verse 10, describing excellently well what was meant by election; viz, not the effect of any irreversible decree, but so called because they embraced the Gospel readily, by which they became elect, or precious to God. It would be very needless to make our calling and election sure, were they irreversible and what the rigid Presbyterians pretend. In the afternoon, to St Lawrence Jewry, a new and cheerful pile.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May. 29 May 1682. I gave notice to the John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (57) of what Maimburg had published about the motives of the late Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 perversion, in his "History of Calvinism;" and did myself write to the George Morley 1598-1684 (84) about it, who being concerned in it, I urged him to set forth his vindication.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May. 31 May 1682. The Morocco Ambassador being admitted an honorary member of the Royal Society, and subscribing his name and titles in Arabic, I was deputed by the Council to go and compliment him.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jun
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jun. 19 Jun 1682. The Bantam, or East India Ambassadors (at this time we had in London the Russian, Moroccan, and Indian Ambassadors), being invited to dine at George Berkeley 1st Earl Berkeley 1628-1698 (54) (now Earl), I went to the entertainment to contemplate the exotic guests. They were both very hard-favored, and much resembling in countenance some sort of monkeys. We ate at two tables, the Ambassadors and interpreter by themselves. Their garments were rich Indian silks, flowered with gold, viz, a close waistcoat to their knees, drawers, naked legs, and on their heads caps made like fruit baskets. They wore poisoned daggers at their bosoms, the hafts carved with some ugly serpents' or devils' heads, exceedingly keen, and of Damascus metal. They wore no sword. The second Ambassador (sent it seems to succeed in case the first should die by the way in so tedious a journey), having been at Mecca, wore a Turkish or Arab sash, a little part of the linen hanging down behind his neck, with some other difference of habit, and was half a negro, bare legged and naked feet, and deemed a very holy man. They sat cross-legged like Turks, and sometimes in the posture of apes and monkeys; their nails and teeth as black as jet, and shining, which being the effect, as to their teeth, of perpetually chewing betel to preserve them from the toothache, much raging in their country, is esteemed beautiful.
The first ambassador was of an olive hue, a flat face, narrow eyes, squat nose, and Moorish lips, no hair appeared; they wore several rings of silver, gold and copper on their fingers, which was a token of knighthood, or nobility. They were of Java Major, whose princes have been turned Mahometans not above fifty years since; the inhabitants are still pagans and idolaters. They seemed of a dull and heavy constitution, not wondering at any thing they saw; but exceedingly astonished how our law gave us propriety in our estates, and so thinking we were all kings, for they could not be made to comprehend how subjects could possess anything but at the pleasure of their Prince, they being all slaves; they were pleased with the notion, and admired our happiness. They were very sober, and I believe subtle in their way. Their meat was cooked, carried up, and they attended by several fat slaves, who had no covering save drawers, which appeared very uncouth and loathsome. They ate their pilaw, and other spoon-meat, without spoons, taking up their pottage in the hollow of their fingers, and very dexterously flung it into their mouths without spilling a drop.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jul
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jul. 17 Jul 1682. Came to dine with me, the Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (18) and the young James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde 1665-1745 (17), son to my most dear deceased friend.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Jul. 30 Jul 1682. Went to visit our good neighbor, Mr Bohun Tutor, whose whole house is a cabinet of all elegancies, especially Indian; in the hall are contrivances of Japan screens, instead of wainscot; and there is an excellent pendule clock inclosed in the curious flowerwork of Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721 (34), in the middle of the vestibule. The landscapes of the screens represent the manner of living, and country of the Chinese. But, above all, his lady's cabinet is adorned on the fret, ceiling, and chimney-piece, with Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721 (34) best carving. There are also some of Robert Streater 1621-1679 best paintings, and many rich curiosities of gold and silver as growing in the mines. The gardens are exactly kept, and the whole place very agreeable and well watered. The owners are good neighbors, and Mr Bohun Tutor has also built and endowed a hospital for eight poor people, with a pretty chapel, and every necessary accommodation.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug. 01 Aug 1682. To the Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (50) at Fulham, to review the additions which Alexander Marshal Botanist 1620-1682 (62) had made to his curious book of flowers in miniature, and collection of insects.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug. 09 Aug 1682. The Council of the Royal Society had it recommended to them to be trustees and visitors, or supervisors, of the Academy which Monsieur Faubert did hope to procure to be built by subscription of worthy gentlemen and noblemen, for the education of youth, and to lessen the vast expense the nation is at yearly by sending children into France to be taught military exercises. We thought to give him all the encouragement our recommendation could procure.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug. 15 Aug 1682. Came to visit me Dr. Rogers, an acquaintance of mine long since at Padua. He was then Consul of the English nation, and student in that University, where he proceeded Doctor in Physic; presenting me now with the Latin oration he lately made upon the famous Dr. Harvey's anniversary in the College of Physicians, at London.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug. 20 Aug 1682. This night I saw another Halley's Comet, near Cancer, very bright, but the stream not so long as the former.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Aug. 29 Aug 1682. Supped at Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon -1709, with Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (40), his brother, now the great favorite, who invited himself to dine at my house the Tuesday following.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Oct
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Oct. 29 Oct 1682. Being my birthday, and I now entering my great climacterical of 63, after serious recollections of the years past, giving Almighty God thanks for all his merciful preservations and forbearance, begging pardon for my sins and unworthiness, and his blessing on me the year entering, I went with my Elizabeth Whittle -1696 to survey her building, and give some directions for the garden at Chiswick; the architect is Hugh May Architect 1621-1684 (61), somewhat heavy and thick, and not so well understood: the garden much too narrow, the place without water, near a highway, and near another great house of my Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704 (13), little land about it, so that I wonder at the expense; but women will have their will.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Nov
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Nov. 25 Nov 1682. I was invited to dine with Monsieur Lionberg, the Swedish Resident, who made a magnificent entertainment, it being the birthday of his King. There dined the George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670, William Hamilton 3rd Duke Hamilton 1634-1694 (47), John Grenville 1st Earl Bath 1628-1701 (54), Robert Bruce 2nd Earl Elgin, 1st Earl Ailesbury 1626-1685 (56), James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (24), James Tuchet 3rd Earl Castlehaven 1617-1686 (65), the son of Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven 1593-1631 who was executed fifty years before, and several great persons. I was exceedingly afraid of drinking (it being a Dutch feast), but the George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670 being that night to wait on his George Monck 1st Duke Albermarle 1608-1670, excess was prohibited; and, to prevent all, I stole away and left the company as soon as we rose from table.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Nov. 28 Nov 1682. I went to the Council of the Royal Society, for the auditing the last year's account, where I was surprised with a fainting fit that for a time took away my sight; but God being merciful to me, I recovered it after a short repose.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Nov. 30 Nov 1682. I was exceedingly endangered and importuned to stand the election, having so many voices, but by favor of my friends, and regard of my remote dwelling, and now frequent infirmities, I desired their suffrages might be transferred to John Hoskyns 2nd Baronet Harewood 1634-1705 (48), one of the Masters of Chancery; a most learned virtuoso as well as lawyer, who accordingly was elected.
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Dec
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Dec. 07 Dec 1682. Went to congratulate Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (40) (the great favorite) newly made Earl Rochester (2C 1682), and lately marrying his Anne Hyde -1685 to the James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde 1665-1745 (17).
John Evelyn's Diary 1682 Dec. 18 Dec 1682. I sold my East India Company adventure of £250 principal for £750 to the Royal Society, after I had been in that company twenty-five years, being extraordinarily advantageous, by the blessing of God.