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John Evelyn's Diary 1684

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 01 Jan 1684. The weather continuing intolerably severe, streetes of booths were set upon the Thames; the aire was so very cold and thick, as of many yeares there had not ben the like. The small pox was very mortal..

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 02 Jan 1684. I din'd at Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (56): after dinner came a fellow who eate live charcoal, glowingly ignited, quenching them in his mouth, and then champing and swallowing them down. There was a dog also which seem'd to do many rational actions.

Before 1725. John James Baker -1725. Portrait of Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 06 Jan 1684. The river quite frozen. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 09 Jan 1684. I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thick as to beare not onely streetes of boothes, in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of wares, quite acrosse as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses, passed over. So I went from Westminster Stairs to Lambeth Palace, and din'd with the William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (66): where I met my Lord Bruce, George Wheeler Traveller 1651-1724 (32), Coll. Cooke, and severall divines. After dinner and discourse with his Grace till evening prayers, George Wheeler Traveller 1651-1724 (32) and I walked over the ice from Lambeth Stayres to the horse ferry. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 10 Jan 1684. I visited Robert Reading 1st Baronet Reading 1640-1689 (44), where after supper we had musiq, but not comparable to that which Mrs. Bridgeman made us on the guittar with such extraordinary skill and dexterity.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 16 Jan 1684. The Thames was fill'd with people and tents, selling all sorts of wares as in the Citty. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jan. 24 Jan 1684. The frost continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops furnish'd and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where the peopje and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and the day and yeare set down when printed on the Thames; this humour tooke so universally, that 'twas estimated the printer gain'd £5. a day, for printing a line onely, at sixpence a name, be sides what he got by ballads, &c. Coaches plied from Westminster to the Temple, and from several other staires to and fro, as in the streetes, sleds, sliding with skeetes, a bull-baiting, horse and coach races, puppet plays and interludes, cookes, tlpling, and other lewd places, so that it seem'd to be a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the water, whilst it was a severe judgment on the land, the trees not onely splitting as if lightning-struck, but men and cattle perishing in divers places, and the very seas so lock'd up with ice, that no vessells could stir out or come in. The fowles, fish, and birds, and all our exotiq plants and greenes universally perishing. Many parkes of deer were destroied, and all sorts of fuell so deare that there were greate con tributions to preserve the poore alive. Nor was this severe weather much lesse intense in most parts of Europe, even as far as Spaine and the most Southern tracts. London, by reason of the excessive coldnesse of the aire hindering the ascent of the smoke, was so fill'd with the fuliginous steame of the sea-coale, that hardly could one see crosse the streetes, and this filling the lungs with its grosse particles, exceedingly obstructed the breast, so as one could scarcely breath. Here was no water to be had from the pipes and engines, nor could the brewers and divers other tradesmen worke, and every moment was full of dis astrous accidents. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 04 Feb 1684. I went to Sayes Court, Deptford to see how the frost had dealt with my garden, where I found many of the greenes and rare plantes utterly destroied. The oranges and mirtills very sick, the rosemary and laurells dead to all appearance, but ye cypress likely to indure It.

Frost Fair

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 05 Feb 1684. It began to thaw, but froze againe. My coach crossed from Lambeth to the Horseferry at Millbank, Westminster. The booths were almost all taken downe, but there was first a Map or Landskip cut in copper representing all the manner of the camp, and the several actions, sports, and pastimes thereon, in memory of so signal a frost..

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 07 Feb 1684. I dined with my Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685 (46), and walking alone with him some time In his gallery, we had discourse of musiq. He told me he had ben brought up to it from a child, so as to sing his part at first sight. Then speaking of Painting, of which he was also a greate lover, and other ingenious matters, he desir'd me to come oftener to him.

Before 1685. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 08 Feb 1684. I went this evening to visite that greate and knowing virtuoso Monsr Justell. The weather was set in to an absolute thaw and rairie, but ye Thames still frozen.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 10 Feb 1684. After eight weekes missing the foraine posts, there came aboundance of Intelligence from abroad.

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 12 Feb 1684. The Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds 1632-1712 (51), late Lord Treasurer, together with the Roman Catholic Lords impeach'd of High Treason in the Popish Plot, had now their Habeas Corpus, and came out upon baile, after five yeares imprisonment in the Tower. Then were also tried and deeply fin'd Mr. Hampden and others for being suppos'd of the late Plot, for which William Russell 1639-1683 and Algernon Sidney 1623-1683 suffer'd; as also the person who went about to prove that the Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex 1631-1683 had his throat cut in the Tower by others; likewise Mr. Johnson, the author of that famous piece called Julian.

Before 21 Jul 1683. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

Before 1681 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 15 Feb 1684. Newes of the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (33) having accus'd the Deputies of Amsterdam of Crimen lesse Majestatis, and being Pensioners to France. Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (47) communicated to me his intention of erecting a Library in St. Martin's parish, for the publiq use, and desir'd my assistance with Sr Chris Wren about the placeing and structure thereof. A worthy and laudable designe. He told me there were 30 or 40 young men in Orders in his parish, either Governors to young gentlemen or Chaplains to noblemen, who being reprov'd by him on occasion for frequenting taverns or coffee-houses, told him they would study or employ their time better, if they had books. This put the pious Doctor on this designe ; and indeede a greate reproch it is that so greate a Citty as London should not have a publiq Library becoming it. There ought to be one at St. Paules ; the West end of that church (If ever finish'd) would be a convenient place.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 23 Feb 1684. I went to Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (40), who desired my assistance for the engraving the plates, the translation, and printing his History of that wonderfull Persian Monument neere Persepolis, and other rare antiquities, which he had caus'd to be drawne from the originals in his second journey into Persia, which we now concluded upon. Afterwards I went with Sr Christ' Wren to Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (47), where we made the drawing and estimate of the expence of the Library, to be begun this next Spring neere the Mewes. Greate expectation of the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (33) attempts in Holland to bring those of Amsterdam to consent to the new levies, to which we were no friends, by a pseudo-politic adherence to the French interest.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 26 Feb 1684. Came to visite me Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46), our new Bishop Rochester.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 27 Feb 1684. I din'd at Mary Sheldon -1705, where I heard Dr William Waldegrave (Physitian to ye Duke and Dutchesse) play excellently on the lute.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar. 07 Mar 1684. Richard Meggot -1692, Dean Winchester, preached an incomparable sermon, (the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) being now gone to Newmarket,) on Hebrews Chapter 12 Verse 15. shewing and pathetically pressing the care we ought to have least we come short of the grace of God. Afterwards I went to visite Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (47) at Kensington, whither he was retired to refresh after he had ben sick of the small pox.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar. 15 Mar 1684. At Whitehall Palace preached Henry Godolphin 1648-1733 (35), a Prebend St Paul's Cathedral, and brother to my deare friend Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (38), on Isaiah Chapter 55 Verse 7. I dined at the Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685 (46), and brought to him Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (40), who shewed him his accurate draughts of his travells in Persia.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Before 1685. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Francis North 1st Baron Guildford 1637-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar. 28 Mar 1684. There was so greate a concourse of people with their children to be touch'd for the Evil, that 6 or 7 were crush'd to death by pressing 4 at the Chirurgeon's doore for tickets. The weather began to be more mild and tolerable, but there was not the least appearance of any Spring.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Mar. 30 Mar 1684. Easter day. The Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46) preach'd before, the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) after which his Ma*, accompanied with three of his natural sonns, the George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (18), Richmond, and Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (13) (sons of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (34), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (43), and Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (34)), went up to the Altar ; ye three boyes entering before the King within the railes, at the right hand, and three Bishops on the left, viz. Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (52) (who officiated), Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (51), and Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (46), with the Sub-dean Dr. Holder. The King kneeling before the Altar, zaking his offering, the Bishop first receiv'd, and then his Ma* after which he retir'd to a canopied seate on the right hand. Note, there was perfume burnt before the Office began. I had receiv'd ye Sacrament at Whitehall early with the Lords and Household, ye Bp. of London officiating. Then went to St Martin's in the Fields, Charing Cross, where Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (47) preach'd (recover'd from yc small-pox); then went againe to Whitehall as above. In the afternoone went to St. Martin's againe.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

In 1670 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (35). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (20).

In 1673 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (38). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Around 1664 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

Around 1666 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (47). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (25). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (57). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (49).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709.

Before 08 Oct 1699 Mary Cradock 1633-1699 (attributed). Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687.

Around1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (29).

Before 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Nell Gwyn 1650-1687.

Around 1675 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (43).

Before 1691. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721.

In 1698 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (64).

Around 1675 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (31) (attributed). Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (41).

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

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John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Apr

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Apr. 04 Apr 1684. I return'd home with my family to my house at Sayes Court, Deptford, after five months residence in London ; hardly the least appearance of any Spring.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Apr. 30 Apr 1684. A Letter of mine to the Royal Society concerning the terrible effects of the past winter being read, they desired it might be printed in the next Part of their Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 10 May 1684. I went to visite my brother in Surrey. Call'd by the way at Ashtead, where Robert Howard Playwright 1626-1698 (58) (Auditor of the Exchequer) entertain'd me very civilly at his new built house, which stands in a Park on the Downe, the avenue South ; tho' downe hill to the house, which is not greate, but with the outhouses very convenient. The stairecase is painted by Antonio Verrio Painter 1636-1707 (48) with the storie of Astrea; amongst other figures is the Picture of the Painter himselfe, and not unlike him ; the rest is well done, onely the columns did not at all please me ; there is also Sir Robert's own Picture in an oval ; the whole in fresca. The place has this greate defect, that there is no water but what is drawn up by horses from a very deepe well.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 11 May 1684. Visited Mr. Higham, who was ill, and died 3 days after. His grandfather and father (who christen'd me), with himselfe, had now ben Rectors of this parish 101 yeares, viz. from May 1583.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 12 May 1684. I return'd to London, where I found the Commissioners of the Admiralty abolish'd, and the office of Admiral restor'd to ye James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (50), as to the disposal and ordering all Sea businesse ; but his Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53) sign'd all Petitions, Papers, Warrants, and Commissions, that the Duke, not acting as Admiral by commission or office, might not incur the penalty of the late Act against Papists and Dissenters holding offices, and refusing the Oath and Test. Every one was glad of this change, those in the late Commission being utterly ignorant in their duty, to the greate damage of the Navy.
The utter mine of the Low Country was threaten'd by the siege of Luxembergh, if not timely reliev'd, and by the obstinacy of the Hollanders, who refus'd to assist the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (33), being corrupted by the French.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 16 May 1684. I received £600 of Sr Charles Bickerstaff for the fee-farm of Pilton, Barnstaple in Devon.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 26 May 1684. George Legge 1st Baron Dartmouth 1647-1691 (37) was chosen Master of the Trinity Company, newly return'd with the fleete from blowing up and demolishing Tangier. In the sermon preach'd on this occasion, Dr. Can observ'd that, in the 27th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, the casting anchor out of the fore-ship had been cavill'd at as betraying total Ignorance : that it is very true our seamen do not do so, but in the Mediterranean their ships were built differently from ours, and to this day it was the practice to do so there.
Luxembergh was surrender'd to the French, which makes them master of all the Netherlands, gives them entrance into Germany, and a fair game for universal monarchy; which that we should suffer, who only and easily might have hinder'd, astonish'd all the world. Thus is the poor William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (33) ruin'd, and this nation and all the Protestant interest in Europe following, unlesse God in his infinite mercy, as by a miracle, interpose, and our greate ones alter their counsels. The French fleete were now besieging Genoa, but after burning much of that beautifull citty with their bombs, went off with disgrace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun. 12 Jun 1684. I went to advise and give directions about the building two streetes in Berkeley Gardens, Mayfair, reserving the house and as much of the garden as the breadth of the house. In the meanetime I could not but deplore that sweete place (by far the most noble gardens, courts, and accommodations, stately porticos, &c. any where about the towne) should be so much straighten'd and turn'd Into tenements. But that magnificent pile and gardens contiguous to it, built by the late Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674, being all demolish'd, and design'd for Piazzas and buildings, was some excuse for my Elizabeth Noel Countess Berkeley 1654-1719 (30) resolution of letting out her ground also for so excessive a price as as offer'd, advancing neere £1000 per in mere ground-rents ; to such a mad intemperance was the age of building about a citty, by far too disproportionate already to the nation I having in my time seene it almost as large again as it was within my memory.

Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (31). Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (33).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun. 12 Jun 1684. [Note. This may be 11 Jun]. My cousin Verney, to whom a very greate fortune was fallen, came to take leave of us, going into the country ; a very worthy and virtuous young gentleman.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jun. 22 Jun 1684. Last 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong 1633-1684 was executed at Tyburn for treason, without tryal, having ben outlaw'd and apprehended in Hol land, on the conspiracy of the James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (35), William Russell 1639-1683, &c. which gave occasion of discourse to people and lawyers, in reguard it was on an outlawry that judgment was given and execution.

Before 21 Jul 1683. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

Before 1681 Gilbert Soest 1605-1681. Portrait of William Russell 1639-1683.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul. 02 Jul 1684. I went to the Greenwich Observatory, Greenwich at Greenewich, where John Flamsteed Astronomer 1646-1719 (37) tooke his observations of the Eclipse of the Sun, now almost three parts obscured. There had been an excessive hot and dry Spring, and such a drought still continu'd as never was in my memorie.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul. 13 Jul 1684. Some small sprinkling of raine ; the leaves dropping from the trees as in Autumn.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul. 25 Jul 1684. I din'd at Anthony Carey 5th Viscount Falkland 1656-1694 (28), Treasurer of the Navy, where after dinner we had rare musiq, there being, amongst others, Sign Pietro Reggio, and Sigr John Battist, both famous, one for his voice, the other for playing on ye harpsicord, few if any in Europe exceeding him. There was also a Frenchman who sung an admirable basse.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Jul. 26 Jul 1684. I return'd home where I found my George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (39), the Flower Backhouse Countess Clarendon -1700, and Lady Cath. Fitz-Gerald, who dined with me.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug. 10 Aug 1684. We had now rain after such a drowth as no man in England had known.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug. 24 Aug 1684. Excessive hot. We had not had above one or two considerable showers, and those storms, these 8 or 9 months. Many trees died for the want of refreshment.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Aug. 31 Aug 1684. Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39) was made Baron Godolphin (1C 1684).

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Sep

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Sep. 26 Sep 1684. The Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) being return'd from Winchester, there was a numerous Court at White-hall. At this time the Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (42) was remov'd from the Treasury to the President of the Council; Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39) was made first Commissr of the Treasury in his place; Charles Middleton 2nd Earl Middleton 1650-1719 (34) (a Scot) made Secretary of State, in ye room of Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (39). These alterations being very unexpected and mysterious, gave greate occasion of discourse. There was now an Ambassador from ye King of Siam in ye East Indies to his Majesty.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

In 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (42).

Around 1686 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (43) wearing his Garter Robes including the Garter Collar and holding his white Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct. 22 Oct 1684. I went with William Godolphin 1st Baronet Godolphin 1640-1710 (44) to see the Rhinoceros, or Unicorn, being the first that I suppose was ever brought into England. She belong'd to some East India merchants, and was sold (as I remember) for above £2000.
At the same time I went to see a Crocodile, brought from some of the West India islands, resembling the Egyptian Crocodile.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct. 24 Oct 1684. I din'd at Stephen Fox Paymaster 1627-1716 (57) with the George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (18). He seem'd to be a young gentleman of good capacity, well bred, civil, and modest: newly come from travell, and had made his campaigne at the siege of Luxemburg. Of all his Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) children (of which he had now six Dukes) this seem'd the most accomplish'd and worth the owning. He is extraordinary handsome and well shap'd. What ye Dukes of Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (12) and Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (14) will prove, their youth does not yet discover ; they are very pretty boys.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct. 26 Oct 1684. John Goodmand Preacher 1625-1690 (59) preach'd before the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) on James Chapter 2 Verse 12 concerning the law of liberty: an excellent discourse and in good method. He is author of "The Prodigal Son," a treatise worth reading, and another of the old Religion.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct. 27 Oct 1684. I visited the Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 (66), where din'd the Hack Baron and Mons' Flamerin, who had so long ben banish'd France for a duel.

Around 1676 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (57). Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685 (58) wearing his Garter Robes.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington 1618-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Oct. 28 Oct 1684. I carried Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon -1709 thro' the Citty, amidst all the squibbs and Bacchanalia of the Lord Maior's shew, to ye Royal Society [at Gresham Coll.] where he was propos'd a member; and then treated him at dinner.
I went to St Clement Danes, that pretty built and contriv'd church, where a young divine gave us an eloquent Sermon on 1 Cor. 6. 20 inciting to gratitude and glorifying God for the fabriq of our bodys & the dignitie of our nature.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov. 02 Nov 1684. A suddaine change from temperate warme weather to an excessive cold raine, frost, snow, and storm, such as had seldome ben known. This Winter weather began as early and fierce as the past did late; till about Christmas there then had ben hardly any Winter.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov. 04 Nov 1684. Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47), now translated from Bishop Rochester to Bishop Ely upon the death of Peter Gunning Bishop 1614-1684, preached before the King at White-hall on 3 Romans 8, a very excellent sermon, indicating the Church of England against the pernicious doctrines of the Church of Rome. He challenged the producing but of five Cleargymen who forsooke our Church and went over to that of Rome, during all the troubles & rebellion In England, which lasted neere twenty yeares; and this was to my certaine observation a greate truth.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov. 15 Nov 1684. Being the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (45) birth-day, there were fire-works on the Thames before Whitehall Palace, with pageants of castles, forts, and other devices of gyrondolas, serpents, the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) and Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (45) armes and mottos, all represented in fire, such as had not ben seen here. But the most remarkable was the severall fires and skirmishes in the very water, which actually mov'd a long way, burning under the water, now and then appearing above it, giving reports like muskets and cannon, with granados and innumerable other devices. It is said it cost £.1500. It was concluded with a ball, where all the young ladys and gallants daunced in the greate hall. The Court had not ben seene so brave and rich in apparell since his Ma*'s Restauration.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel.The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head.She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall Palace and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Nov. 30 Nov 1684. In the morning Dr. Fiennes, sonn of the Lord Say & Seale, preached before the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) on Joshua Chapter 21 Verse 11.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec. 03 Dec 1684. I carried Mr. Justell and Henry Slingsby 1621-1688 (63) (Master of the Mint), to see Mr. Sheldon's collection of Medaills. The series of Popes was rare, and so were several amongst the modernes, especialy that of John Husse's martyrdome at Constance ; of the Roman Emp: Consulars; some Greeke, &c. In copper, gold, and silver; not many truly antique ; a Medallion of Otho, P. JEmil. &c. hardly antient. They were held at a price of , £.1000. but not worth, I judge, above £200.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec. 07 Dec 1684. I went to see the new church at St James' Church, St James', elegantly built ; the altar was especialy adorn'd, the white marble inclosure curiously and richly carved, the flowers and garlands about the walls by Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721 (36) in wood; a pelican with her young at her breast, just over the altar in the carv'd compartment and border, invironing the purple velvet fring'd with I. H. S. richly embroider'd, and most noble plate, were given by Sr R. Geere, to the value (as was said) of £200. There was no altar any where in England, nor has there ben any abroad, more handsomely adorn'd.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec. 17 Dec 1684. Early in the morning I went into St James' Park, St James' to see three Turkish or Asian horses, newly brought over, and now first shewed to his Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54). There were foure, but one of them died at sea, being three weekes coming from Hamborow. They were taken from a Bashaw at the siege of Vienna, at the late famous raising that leaguer. I never beheld so delicate a creature as one of them was, of somewhat a bright bay, two white feet, a blaze ; such a head, eyes, cares, neck, breast, belly, haunches, legs, pasterns, and feete, in all reguards beautifull and proportion'd to admiration ; spirited, proud, nimble, making halt, turning with that swiftnesse, and in so small a compasse, as was admirable. With all this so gentle and tractable as call'd to mind what I remember Busbequius speakes of them, to the reproch of our groomes in Europe, who bring up their horses so churlishly as makes most of them retain their 111 habits. They trotted like does, as if they did not feele the ground. 500 guinnies was demanded for the first ; 300 for the second; and 200 for the third, wch was browne. All of them were choicely shap'd, but the two last not altogether so perfect as the first. It was judg'd by the spectators, among whom was the Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54), Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (31), James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (51), and several of the Court, noble persons, skill'd In horses, especialy Mons. Faubert and his sonn, (provost masters of yc Academie, and esteem'd of the best in Europe,) that there were never seene any horses in these parts to be compar'd with them. Add to all this, the furniture, consisting of embroidery on the saddle, houseings, quiver, bow, arrows, scymeter, sword, mace, or battle-axe a la Turcisq; the Bashaw's velvet mantle furr'd with the most perfect Ermine I ever beheld ; all which, yron-worke in common furniture, being here of silver, curiously wrought and double gilt, to an incredible value. Such and so extraordinary was the embrodery, that I never saw any thing approching it. The reins and headstall were of crimson silk, cover'd with chaines of silver gilt. There was also a Turkish royal standard of an horse's taile, together with all sorts of other caparisons belonging to a general's horse, by which one may estimate how gallantly and magnificently those infidels appeare in the field, for nothing could be seene more glorious. The gentleman (a German) who rid the horse was in all this garb. They were shod with yron made round and closed at the heele, with a hole in the middle about as wide as a shilling. The hoofes most intire.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View of St James' Park, St James'.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman 1660-1711. Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708.

Around 1705. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (51). Walmer Castle, Walmer.

Around 1665 Peter Lely 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec. 18 Dec 1684. I went with Charles Cornwallis 3rd Baron Cornwallis 1655-1698 (28) to see the young gallants do their exercise, Mr. Faubert having newly rail'd in a manage, and fitted it for the academy. There were the Dukes of Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (29) and George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (18), Charles Livingston 2nd Earl of Newburgh 1664–1694 (20), and a nephew of (Duras) Louis Duras 2nd Earl Feversham 1641-1709 (43). The exercises were, 1. running at the ring ; 2. flinging a javelin at a Moor's head ; 3. discharging a pistol at a mark ; lastly, taking up a gauntlet with the point of a sword ; all these perform'd in full speede. The George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (18) hardly miss'd of succeeding in every one, a dozen times, as I think. The Henry Howard 7th Duke Norfolk 1655-1701 (29) did exceeding bravely. Lords Charles Livingston 2nd Earl of Newburgh 1664–1694 (20) and Duras seem'd nothing so dextrous. Here I saw the difference of what ye French call "belle homme a cheval," and " bon homme a cheval;" the Duke of Norfolk being the first, that is, rather a fine person on a horse, the Duke of Northumberland being both in perfection, namely, a graceful person and excellent rider. But the Duke of Norfolk told me he had not ben at this exercise these 12 yeares before. There were in the field ye Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland 1653-1708 (31), and the Charles Grenville 2nd Earl Bath 1661-1701 (23), sonn of ye John Grenville 1st Earl Bath 1628-1701 (56), who had ben made a Count of ye Empire last Summer for his service before Vienna.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Dec. 20 Dec 1684. A villainous murder was perpetrated by Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742 (32), eldest son to Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708 (62), a worthy gentleman, on a knight of quality*, in a Globe Tavern, Fleet Street. The offender was sentenc'd and repriev'd. So many horrid murders and duels were committed about this time as were never before heard of in England, which gave much cause of complaint and murmurings.

Before 1691. John Riley 1646-1691. Portrait of Henry St John 1st Viscount St John 1652-1742.

Before 1708 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708.

Before 03 Jul 1708. Michael Dahl 1659-1743. Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708. Lydiard House.

Before 1708 Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708. Portrait of Elizabeth Banks Countess Aylesford. Lydiard House.