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John Evelyn's Diary 1686
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. 01 Jan 1686. Imploring ye continuance of God's providential care for the yeare now entered, I went to the public devotions. The Deane of the Chapell and Cleark of the Closset put out, viz. Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (54) and . . . , and Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (51) and Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (52) put in their places; the former had oppos'd the toleration intended, and shewn a worthy zeale for the Reform'd Religion as establish'd.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. 06 Jan 1686. I din'd with ye John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (61), where was Peter Walsh, that Romish Priest so well known for his moderation, proFessing the Church of England to be a true member of the Catholic Church ; he is us'd to go to our publiq prayers without scruple, and did not acknowledge the Pope's infallibility, onely primacy of order.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. 06 Jan 1686. Passed the Privie Seale, amongst others, the creation of Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester 1657-1717 (28), which the Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (27), so as for two dinners, standing neere her I observed she hardly eate one morsel, nor spake one word to the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52), or to any about her, tho' at other times she us'd to be extreamly pleasant, full of discourse and good humour. The Roman Catholics were also very angry, because they had so long valu'd the sanctity of their religion and proselytes. John Dryden Poet 1631-1700 (54) the famous playwriter, and his two sonns, and Nell Gwyn 1650-1687 (35) (Misse to ye late) were said to go to masse ; such proselytes were no greate losse to the church. This night was burnt to the ground my Francis Browne 3rd Viscount Montague 1610-1682 Montague House, Bloomsbury, Camden, than wch for painting and furniture there was nothing more glorious in England. This happen'd by the negligence of a servant, airing, as they call it, some of the goods by the fire in a moist season ; indeede so wet and mild a winter had scarce ben seene in man's memory. At this Seale there also pass'd the creation of Henry Waldegrave 1st Baron Waldegrave Chewton Somerset 1661-1689 (25) to be a Peere. He had married one of the Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 (19) by Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. These two Seales my brother Commissioners pass'd in the morning before I came to towne, at. wch I was not displeas'd. We likewise pass'd Privy Seales for 5.2/6,000 upon severall accounts, pensions, guards, wardrobes, pri vie purse, &c. besides divers pardons, and one more wch I must not forget (and wch by Providence I was not present at) one Mr. Lytcott to be Secretary to the Ambassador to Rome. We being three Commissioners, any two were a quorum.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. 23 Jan 1686. I din'd at my Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (52), Groom of the Stool to the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (47), at Somerset House, Strand, where din'd the Countesses of Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (40), Abigail Cockayne Countess Dover 1610-1687 (76), &c. in all 11 ladys of quality, no man but myselfe being there.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jan. 24 Jan 1686. Unheard of cruelties to ye persecuted Protestants of France, such as hardly any age has seene the like, even among the Pagans.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 06 Feb 1686. Being the day on wcb his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) began his reign, by order of Council it was to be solemniz'd with a particular Office and Sermon, which the Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (48) preach'd at Whitehall Palace on Book of Numbers Chapter 11 Verse 12; a Court oration upon the Regal office. It was much wonder'd at that this day, weh was that of his Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 death, should be kept as a festival, and not [instead of] the day of the present King's coronation. It is said to have ben formerly ye costom, tho' not till now since ye reigne of James I King Scotland 1394-1437.
The Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth, Duchess Buccleuch 1651-1732 (34) being in ye same seate with me at church, appear'd with a very sad and afflicted countenance.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 08 Feb 1686. I tooke the Test in Westminster Hall, before the Edward Herbert Attorney General 1591-1658. I now came to lodge at Whitehall Palace in the Lord Privy Seal's lodgings.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 12 Feb 1686. My greate cause was heard by my George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (40), who granted me a re-hearing. I had 6 eminent lawyers, my antagonists 3, whereof one was the smooth-tong Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham 1621-1682, whom my George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (40) reprov'd in greate passion for a very small occasion. Blessed be God for his greate goodnesse to me this day.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Feb. 19 Feb 1686. Many bloody and notorious duels were fought about this time. The Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (22) kill'd John Talbot 1665-1686, brother to the Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury 1660-1718 (25), indeede upon an almost insufferable provocation. It is to be hop'd his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) will at last severely remedy this unchristian custome. Robert Spencer 2nd Earl Sunderland 1641-1702 (44) was now Secretary of State, President of the Council, and Premier Minister.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 01 Mar 1686. Came Sir Gilbert Gerrard to treate with me about his sonn's marrying my daughter Susannah Evelyn 1669-1754 (17). The father being obnoxious, and in some suspicion and displeasure of the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52), I would receive no proposal till his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) had given me leave, wch he was pleas'd to do ; but after severall meetings we brake off on his not being willing to secure any thing competent for my daughter's children ; besides that I found most of his estate was in ye coal pits as far off as Newcastle, and on leases from the Bishop of Durham, who had power to make concurrent leases, with other difficulties.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 07 Mar 1686. Robert Frampton Bishop 1622-1708 (64), preach'd on 44 Psalm, Psalm 44 Verse 17, Psalm 44 Verse 18, Psalm 44 Verse 19, shewing the severall afflictions of the Church of Christ from the primitives to this day, applying exceedingly to the present conjuncture, when many were wavering in their minds, and greate temptations appearing thro' the favour now found by the Papists, so as the people were full of jealousies and discouragement. The Robert Frampton Bishop 1622-1708 (64) magnified the Church of England, exhorting to constancy and perseverance.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 10 Mar 1686. A Council of the Royal Society about disposing of John Ray 1628-1705 (58) book of Fishes, which was printed at the expence of the Society.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 12 Mar 1686. A docquet was to be seal' d importing a lease of 21 yeares to one Hall, who styl'd himselfe his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) printer (he lately turn'd Papist) for the printing Missalls, Offices, Lives of Saints, Portals, Primers, &c. books expressly forbidden to be printed or sold, by divers Acts of Parliament ; I refus'd to put the seale to it, making my exceptions, so it was laied by.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 14 Mar 1686. The Thomas Ken Bishop 1637-1711 (48) preach'd on Gospel of John Chapter 6 Verse 17, a most excellent and pathetic discourse : after he had recommended the duty of fasting and other penitential duties, he exhorted to constancy in the Protestant religion, detestation of the unheard-of cruelties of the French, and stirring up to a liberal contribution. This Sermon was the more acceptable, as it was unexpected from a Bishop who had undergon the censure of being inclin'd to Popery, the contrary whereof no man could shew more. This indeede did all our Bishops, to the disabusing and reproch of all their delators ; for none were more zealous against Popery than they were.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 16 Mar 1686. I was at a review of the Army about London, in Hyde Park, about 6000 horse and foote, in excellent order ; his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) and infinity of people being present.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 17 Mar 1686. I went to my house in the country, refusing to be present at what was to passe at the Privy Seale the next day. In the morning Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (49) preached an incomparable discourse at Whitehall Palace, on 2 Timothy First Letter to Timothy Chapter 2 Verse 3, First Letter to Timothy Chapter 2 Verse 4.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 28 Mar 1686. Thomas White Bishop 1628-1698 (58), preach'd in a very eloquent style, on Gospel of Matthew Chapter 26 Verse 29, submission to the will of God on all accidents and at all times.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Mar. 29 Mar 1686. The George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (20) (a natural son of the Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 by the Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess Cleveland 1640-1709 (45)) marrying very meanly, with the helpe of his Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (22), attempted to spirit away his Catherine Wheatley -1714. A Briefe was read in all Churches for relieving the French Protestants who came here for protection from the unheard-of cruelties of their Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (47).
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Apr
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Apr. 15 Apr 1686. The John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686 (61) died of ye small pox, aged 62, a corpulent man. He was my special loving friend, and whilst Bishop Rochester (from whence he was translated) my excellent neighbour. He was an unexpressible losse to yc whole church, and that province especialy, he being a learned, wise, stoute, and most worthy prelate ; I looke on this as a greate stroke to ye poore Church of England, now in this defecting period.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Apr. 18 Apr 1686. In the afternoone I went to Camberwell to visit William Parr Vicar 1617-1691 (69). After sermon I accompanied William Parr Vicar 1617-1691 (69) to his house, where he shew'd me the Life and Letters of the late learned Primate of Armagh (James Ussher Primate of Ireland 1581-1656), and among them that letter of John Bramhall Bishop 1594-1663 to the Primate, giving notice of the Popish practices to pervert this Nation, by sending an hundred priests into England, who were to conforme themselves to all sectaries and conditions for the more easily dispersing their doctrine amongst us. This letter was the cause of yfc whole impression being seiz'd, upon pretence that it was a political or historical account of things not re lating to theology, tho' it had ben licens'd by ye Bishop; which plainely shew'd what an interest the Papists now had, that a Protestant booke, containing the life and le'tters of so eminent a man, was not to be pub lish'd. There were also many letters to and from most of ye learned persons his correspondents in Europe. The book will, I doubt not, struggle through this unjust imPediment. Several Judges were put out, and new complying ones put in.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Apr. 25 Apr 1686. This day was read in our church the Briefe for a collection for reliefe of ye Protestant French, so cruely, barbarously and inhumanly oppress'd without any thing laied to their charge. It had ben long expected, and at last was with difficulty procur'd to be publish'd, the interest of the French Ambassador obstructing it.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 May
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 May. 05 May 1686. There being a Seale It was fear'd we should be requir'd to passe a doquett dispensing with Obadiah Walker 1616-1699 (70) and four more, whereof one was an apostate curate of Putney, ye others officers of University College, Oxford, to hold their masterships, fellowships, and cures, and keepe publiq schooles, and enjoy all former emoluments, notwithstanding they no more frequented or us'd the public formes of prayers or communion with ye Church of England, or took yc test and oathes of allegiance and supremacy, contrary to 20 Acts of Parliament; which dispensation being also contrary to his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52) owne gracious declaration at ye beginning of his reigne, gave umbrage (as well it might) to every good Protestant, nor could we safely have pass'd it under the Privy Seale, wherefore it was done by immediate warrant, sign'd by Mr. Solicitor. This Obadiah Walker 1616-1699 (70) was a learned person, of a monkish life, to whose tuition I had more than 30 yeares since recommended the sonns of my worthy friend Mr. Hyldyard of Horsly in Surrey, believing him to be far from what he prov'd, an hypocritical conceal'd Papist, by wch he perverted the eldest sonn of Mr. Hyldyard, Edward Hales 3rd Baronet Hales Woodchurch and Tunstall 1645-1695 (41) eldest sonn, and severall more, to the greate disturbance of the whole Nation, as well as of the University, as by his now publiq defection appear'd. All engines being now at work to bring in Popery, wch God in mercy prevent ! This day was burnt in the old Exchange, by the common hangman, a translation of a booke written by ye famous Monsr Claude, relating onely matters of fact concerning the horrid massacres and barbarous proceedings of ye Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (47) against his Protestant subjects, without any refutation of any facts therein ; so mighty a power and ascendant here had the French Ambass', who was doubtlesse in greate indignation at the pious and truly generous charity of all the Nation, for ye reliefe of those miserable sufferers who came over for shelter. About this time also the Victor Amadeus King Sardinia 1666-1732 (19), instigated by ye French King to extirpate the Protestants of Piedmont, slew many thousands of those innocent people, so that there seem'd to be an universal designe to destroy all that would not go to masse, throughout Europe. Quod avertat D. O. M ! No faith in Princes!.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 May. 12 May 1686. I refus'd to put the Privy Seale to Obadiah Walker 1616-1699 (70) licence for printing and publishing divers Popish books, of which I complain'd both to my Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (49) (with whom I went to advise in the Council Chamber), and to my Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (44) that evening at his lodgings. My Lord of Canterbury's advice was, that I should follow my owne conscience therein; Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (44), that if in conscience I could dispense with it, for any other hazard he believ'd there was none. Notwithstanding this 1 persisted in my refusal.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 May. 29 May 1686. There was no sermon on this anniversary, as there usually had ben ever since ye reigne of the present King.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 02 Jun 1686. Such storms, raine and foul weather, seldom known at this time of the yeare. The camp at Hounslow Heath, Hounslow, from sicknesse and other inconveniences of weather, forc'd to retire to quarters ; ye storms being succeeded by excessive hot weather, many grew sick. Greate feasting there, especialy in George Douglas 1st Earl Dumbarton 1635-1692 (51) quarters. There were many jealousies and discourses of what was the meaning of this incampment. A Seale this day, mostly pardons and discharges of Kn* Baronets fees, wch having ben pass'd over for so many yeares, did greatly dis oblige several families who had serv'd his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52). Richard Talbot 1st Earl Tyrconnell 1630-1691 (56) gon to Ireland, with greate powers and commissions, giving as much cause of talke as the camp, especialy 19 new privy councillors and judges being now made, amongst wch but three Protestants, and Tirconnell made Generall.
New Judges also here, amongst wch was Christopher Milton Judge 1615-1693 (70), a Papist (brother to that John Milton Poet 1608-1674 who wrote for ye Regicides), who presum'd to take his place without passing ye Test*. Scotland refuses to grant liberty of masse to the Papists there. The French persecution more inhuman than ever. The Protestants in Savoy successfully resist the French dragoons sent to murder them.
The King's Robert Sibbald Physician 1641-1722 (45) in Scotland apostatizing from the Protestant religion, does of his own accord publish his recantation at Edinburgh.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 11 Jun 1686. I went to see Charles Middleton 2nd Earl Middleton 1650-1719 (36) receptacle of water at the New River, and the new Spa Wells neere.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 20 Jun 1686. An extraordinary season of violent and sudden raine. The camp still in tents.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 24 Jun 1686. My Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (44) settled my greate buisinesse with Mr. Pretyman, to which I hope God will at last give a prosperous issue.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 25 Jun 1686. Now his James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (52), beginning with John Sharp Archbishop 1645-1714 (41) and Thomas Tully Divine 1620-1676, proceeded to silence and suspend divers excellent divines for preaching against Popery.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jun. 27 Jun 1686. I had this day ben married 39 yeares — blessed be God for all his mercies.
The new very young Edward Herbert Attorney General 1591-1658 declar'd on ye bench that the government of England was entirely in the King ; that the Crown was absolute ; that penal laws were powers lodged in the Crown to enable the King to force the execution of the law, but were not bars to bind the King's power ; that he could pardon all offences against the law, and forgive the penalties, and why could he not dispense with them ? by which the Test was abolish'd. Every one was astonish'd. Greate jealousies as to what would be the end of these proceedings.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 06 Jul 1686. I supp'd with the Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (40), where was also the Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (47) and Madame de Governe, whose daughter was married to ye George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax 1633-1695 (52) sonn. She made me a character of ye Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715 (47) and Louis "Le Grand Dauphin" Bourbon Duke Burgundy 1661-1711 (24), and of ye persecution. That they kept much of the cruelties from the King's knowledge ; that the Dauphin was so afraid of his father, that he durst not let any thing appeare of his sentiments ; that he hated letters and priests, spent all his time in hunting, and seem'd to take no notice of what was passing.
This lady was of a greate family and fortune, and had fled hither for refuge.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 08 Jul 1686. I waited on the William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (69) at Lambeth Palace, where I dined and met the famous preacher and writer, Pierre Allix Preacher 1641-1717 (45), doubtless a most excellent and learned person. The William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (69) and he spoke Latin together, and that very readily.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 08 Jul 1686. Richard Meggot -1692, Dean Winchester preached before the household in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle at Windsor, the late King's glorious chapel now seized on by the mass priests. Thomas Cartwright Bishop Chester 1634-1689 (52), Dean Ripon, preached before the great men of the Court in the same place.
We had now the sad news of the John Fell Bishop 1625-1686 (61) death, an extraordinary loss to the poor Church at this time. Many candidates for his Bishopric and Deanery, Dr. Parker, South, Aldrich, etc. Dr. Walker (now apostatizing) came to Court, and was doubtless very busy.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 13 Jul 1686 . Note, that standing by the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (47) at basset (cards), I observed that she was exceedingly concerned for the loss of £80; her outward affability much changed to stateliness, since she has been exalted.
The season very rainy and inconvenient for the camps. Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 very cheerful.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 14 Jul 1686 . Was sealed at our office the constitution of certain commissioners to take upon them full power of all Ecclesiastical affairs, in as unlimited a manner, or rather greater, than the late High Commission-Court, abrogated by Parliament; for it had not only faculty to inspect and visit all Bishops' dioceses, but to change what laws and statutes they should think fit to alter among the colleges, though founded by private men; to punish, suspend, fine, etc., give oaths and call witnesses. The main drift was to suppress zealous preachers. In sum, it was the whole power of a Vicar-General—note the consequence! Of the clergy the commissioners were the William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (69), Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (53), and Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (51); of the Temporals, the Lord Treasurer, the George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (41) (who alone was ever to be of the quorum), the Edward Herbert Judge 1648-1698 (38), and Robert Spencer 2nd Earl Sunderland 1641-1702 (44).
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Jul. 18 Jul 1686. I went to see Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (42), at Greenwich.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Aug
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Aug. 04 Aug 1686. I dined at Antonio Verrio Painter 1636-1707 (50), the famous Italian painter, now settled in his Majesty's garden at St James's Palace, which he had made a very delicious paradise.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Aug. 08 Aug 1686. Our vicar gone to dispose of his country living in Rutlandshire, having St Dunstan's in the East Parish in the east given him by the William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (69).
I went to visit the Marquis Ravigné, now my neighbor at Greenwich, retired from the persecution in France. He was the deputy of all the Protestants of that kingdom in the parliament of Paris, and several times Ambassador in this and other Courts; a person of great learning and experience.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Sep
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Sep. 08 Sep 1686. Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (54), was on Monday suspended, on pretense of not silencing John Sharp Archbishop 1645-1714 (41) [NOTE. Assumed to be the subsequent Archbishop?] at St Giles in the Fields, Camden, for something of a sermon in which he zealously reproved the doctrine of the Roman Catholics. The Bishop having consulted the civilians, they told him he could not by any law proceed against Dr. Sharp without producing witnesses, and impleaded according to form; but it was overruled by my George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (41), and the Bishop sentenced without so much as being heard to any purpose. This was thought a very extraordinary way of proceeding, and was universally resented, and so much the rather for that two Bishops, Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (53) and Thomas Sprat Bishop 1635-1713 (51), sitting in the commission and giving their suffrages the William Sancroft Archbishop Canterbury 1617-1693 (69) refused to sit among them. He was only suspended ab officio, and that was soon after taken off. He was brother to the James Compton 3rd Earl Northampton 1622-1681, had once been a soldier, had traveled in Italy, but became a sober, grave, and excellent prelate.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Sep. 12 Sep 1686. Budapest now taken from the Turks; a form of thanksgiving was ordered to be used in the (as yet remaining) Protestant chapels and church of Whitehall and Windsor.
The Frederick IV King Denmark and Norway 1671-1730 (14) was besieging Hamburg, no doubt by the French contrivance, to embroil the Protestant Princes in a new war, that Holland, etc., being engaged, matter for new quarrel might arise: the unheard-of persecution of the poor Protestants still raging more than ever.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Sep. 22 Sep 1686. The Danes retire from Hamburg, the Protestant Princes appearing for their succor, and the Emperor sending his minatories to the Frederick IV King Denmark and Norway 1671-1730 (14), and also requiring the restoration of the Duke of Saxe Gotha. Thus it pleased God to defeat the French designs, which were evidently to kindle a new war.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct. 14 Oct 1686. Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 birthday; I was at his rising in his bedchamber, afterward in the park, where four companies of guards were drawn up. The officers, etc., wonderfully rich and gallant; they did not head their troops, but their next officers, the colonels being on horseback by the Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 while they marched. The ladies not less splendid at Court, where there was a ball at night; but small appearance of quality. All the shops both in the city and suburbs were shut up, and kept as solemnly as any holiday. Bonfires at night in Westminster, but forbidden in the city.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct. 17 Oct 1686. Simon Patrick Bishop 1626-1707 (60), preached at St Paul's Church, Bedford Street, Covent Garden on Ephes. v. First Letter to the Ephesians 1:19, First Letter to the Ephesians 1:19, showing the custom of the primitive saints in serving God with hymns, and their frequent use of them upon all occasions: touching the profane way of mirth and intemperance of this ungodly age. Afterward I visited my William Davys Lord Chief Justice of Ireland 1633-1687 (53), with whom I had long and private discourse concerning the miserable condition that kingdom was like to be in, if Richard Talbot 1st Earl Tyrconnell 1630-1691 (56) counsel should prevail at Court.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct. 03 Oct 1686. Went with the Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715 (40) to Cranbourne Lodge, a lodge and walk of my Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl Godolphin 1645-1712 (41) in Windsor Park. There was one room in the house spared in the pulling down the old one, because the late Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 was born in it; the rest was built and added to it by George Carteret 1st Baronet Metesches 1610-1680, Treasurer of the Royal Navy; and since, the whole was purchased by my George Carteret 1st Baron Carteret 1667-1695 (19), who spoke to me to go see it, and advise what trees were fit to be cut down to improve the dwelling, being environed with old rotten pollards, which corrupt the air. It stands on a knoll which though insensibly rising, gives it a prospect over the Windor Castle Keep, about three miles N. E. of it. The ground is clayey and moist; the water stark naught; the park is pretty; the house tolerable, and gardens convenient. After dinner, we came back to London, having two coaches both going and coming, of six horses apiece, which we changed at Hounslow.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct. 24 Oct 1686. Dr. Warren preached before the Princess [NOTE. Not clear which Princess this is]; possibly at Whitehall, on Gospel of Matthew Chapter 5, of the blessedness of the pure in heart, most elegantly describing the bliss of the beatifical vision. In the afternoon, George Wheeler Traveller 1651-1724, knight and baronet, preached on the Gospel of Matthew Chapter 4: Jesus Tested in the Wilderness. upon the necessity of repentance, at St Margaret's Church, an honest and devout discourse, and pretty tolerably performed. This gentleman coming from his travels out of Greece, fell in love with the Grace Higgons of Thomas Higgons Resident Venice 1624-1691, his Majesty's resident at Venice, niece to the William Paulet 4th Marquess Winchester 1559-1629, and married her. When they returned into England, being honored with knighthood, he would needs turn preacher, and took orders. He published a learned and ingenious book of his travels, and is a very worthy person, a little formal and particular, but exceedingly devout.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Oct. 27 Oct 1686. There was a triumphant show of the Lord Mayor both by land and water, with much solemnity, when yet his power has been so much diminished, by the loss of the city's former charter.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Nov
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Nov. 05 Nov 1686. I went to St Martin's in the Fields, Charing Cross in the morning, where Dr. Birch preached very boldly against the Papists, from Gospel of John Chapter 16 Verse 2. In the afternoon I heard John Tillotson Archbishop Canterbury 1630-1694 (56) in Lincoln's Inn Chapel, on the same text, but more cautiously.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Dec
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Dec. 05 Dec 1686. I dined at my Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (52), Groom of the Stool to the Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (48) at Somerset House, Strand, where dined divers French noblemen, driven out of their country by the persecution.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Dec. 16 Dec 1686. I carried the Anne Digby Countess Sunderland 1646-1715 (40) to see the rarities of one Mr. Charlton in the Middle Temple, Temple, who showed us such a collection as I had never seen in all my travels abroad either of private gentlemen, or princes. It consisted of miniatures, drawings, shells, insects, medals, natural things, animals (of which divers, I think 100, were kept in glasses of spirits of wine), minerals, precious stones, vessels, curiosities in amber, crystal, agate, etc.; all being very perfect and rare of their kind, especially his books of birds, fish, flowers, and shells, drawn and miniatured to the life. He told us that one book stood him in £300; it was painted by that excellent workman, whom the late Gaston, Duke of Orleans, employed. This gentleman's whole collection, gathered by himself, traveling over most parts of Europe, is estimated at £8,000. He appeared to be a modest and obliging person.
John Evelyn's Diary 1686 Dec. 29 Dec 1686. I went to hear the music of the Italians in the new chapel, now first opened publicly at Whitehall Palace for the Popish Service. Nothing can be finer than the magnificent marble work and architecture at the end, where are four statues, representing St. John, St. Peter, St. Paul, and the Church, in white marble, the work of Grinling Gibbons Sculptor 1648-1721, with all the carving and Pillars of exquisite art and great cost. The altar piece is the Salutation; the volto in fresco, the Assumption of the blessed Virgin, according to their tradition, with our blessed Savior, and a world of figures painted by Verrio. The throne where the James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 and Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 sit is very glorious, in a closet above, just opposite to the altar. Here we saw the Bishop in his mitre and rich copes, with six or seven Jesuit and others in rich copes, sumptuously habited, often taking off and Putting on the Bishop's mitre, who sat in a chair with arms pontifically, was adored and censed by three Jesuit in their copes; then he went to the altar and made divers cringes, then censing the images and glorious tabernacle placed on the altar, and now and then changing place: the crosier, which was of silver, was put into his hand with a world of mysterious ceremony, the music playing, with singing. I could not have believed I should ever have seen such things in the King of England's palace, after it had pleased God to enlighten this nation; but our great sin has, for the present, eclipsed the blessing, which I hope he will in mercy and his good time restore to its purity.
Little appearance of any winter as yet.