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Biography of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547
On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent . He was created as Duke Cornwall .
On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (12) was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (8C 1504) . John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath . Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted.
In 1509 William Compton 1482-1528 (27) was appointed as Groom of the Stool to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (17) .
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514
Henry VII (52)
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster , where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France , and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59) , Richard bp of Winchester (61) , the bps of London and Rochester (39) , Thomas Earl of Surrey (66) , Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41) , Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49) , Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44) , Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30) , Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59) , Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47) , the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark , and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17) , and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9) , as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17) , his Council and our said executors."
On 21 Apr 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey . His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded as VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor .
21 Apr 1509
Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21)
made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle
24 Jun 1509
Henry VIII (17)
King England and Ireland: Tudor
. Catherine of Aragon (23)
Queen Consort England
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31) , Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.
Henry VIII (19)
celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at
.The challengers included
Henry VIII (19)
who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (15)
as Bon Vouloir,
Edward Neville 1471-1538 (40)
as Joyeulx Penser,
Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 (26)
as Valiant Desyr and
Thomas Tyrrell -1551
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (28) , Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16) , Thomas Cheney 1485-1558 (26) , Richard Blount and Robert Morton .
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537 (31) , Thomas Lucy , Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (22) , Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (27) , Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (34) , Richard Grey , Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (32) , Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (38) , Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (33) and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32) .
On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII (22) fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs . Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (36) , Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 , Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 , John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (25) . John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561 (18) , William Compton 1482-1528 (31) , John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (48) and William Hussey 1472-1531 (40) was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 . Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (56) and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (46) was created as Knight Banneret .
On 25 Dec 1513 John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518 was knighted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (22) .
In 1515 William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (20) was appointed as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (23) .
In 1516 Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (23) was appointed as Knight of the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24) .
In 1516 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (45) was appointed as Master of the Hounds to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24) .
In 1516 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (45) was appointed as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24) .
On 18 Feb 1516 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was born to Henry VIII (24) and Catherine of Aragon (30) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent . Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 (48) was created 1st Baron Bryan .
On 15 Jun 1519 Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 was born illegitimately to Henry VIII (27) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys 1502-1539 (17) at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence, Ingatestone, Blackmore, Essex .
Henry VIII (28)
Field of the Cloth of Gold
Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (42) carried the Sword of State.
John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (45) attended as Henry VIII's chaplain.
Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539 (36) , Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (42) , Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 (40) , William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (25) , William "Great" Courtenay 1477-1535 (43) , Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (37) , William Paston 1479-1554 (41) , William Denys 1470-1533 (50) , Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25) , William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (37) , Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (22) , John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (40) , Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (31) , Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (40) , William Compton 1482-1528 (38) , William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534 (42) , Thomas Cheney 1485-1558 (35) , Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (69) , John Rodney 1461-1528 (59) , John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (35) , William Sidney 1482-1554 (38) , John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (20) , John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (49) , Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (40) , Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (63) , Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521 (48) , Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (32) and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 attended.
William Carey 1500-1528 (20) jousted. Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545 (20) attended.
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (50) organised.
Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (15) attended.
Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (32) was present.
17 May 1521
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43)
for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by
Henry VIII (29)
. He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire .
On May 1522 Henry VIII (30) met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (22) at Dover, Kent . William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534 (44) , William Compton 1482-1528 (40) , John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (37) and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (51) were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor
In 1525 William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (35) was appointed as Treasurer of the Royal Household to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33) .
Around 1525 Unknown Artist .Netherlands.Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33) .
18 Jun 1525
Henry Fitzroy (6)
, Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created
Duke of Richmond and Somerset
Earl Lincoln (7C 1525)
by his father
Henry VIII (33)
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland , Warden of the West Marches and Governor Carlisle Castle .
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525) .
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525) .
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41) , Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47) ,
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52) , William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Bridewell Palace .
In 1526 William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (56) was appointed as Lord Chamberlain of the Household to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (34) .
On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was born to William Carey 1500-1528 (26) and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27) .There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII (34) who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27) although the precise dates are unknown.
On 19 Oct 1526 William Willoughby 11th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1482-1526 (44) died at Parham, Suffolk . He was buried at All Saints Church, Mettingham, Bungay, Suffolk . His daughter Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (7) succeeded as 12th Baron Willoughby Eresby . Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (7) became a ward of Henry VIII (35) .
Before 1528 Thomas Morgan 1482-1538 (45) was appointed Esquire to the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (36)
On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII (36) sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (8) to Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (44) who subsequently married her.
In Oct 1529 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (51) was appointed Lord Chancellor by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38)
08 Dec 1529
Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38)
created two new Earldoms ...
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (52) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire (6C 1529) , 1st Earl Ormonde (6C 1529) , 1st Viscount Rochford . Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 (49) by marriage Countess Wiltshire (6C 1529) , Earl Ormonde (6C 1529) .
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (42) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (7C 1529) . Anne Stafford Countess Huntingdon 1483-1544 (46) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (7C 1529) .
In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory, Llanthony, Vale Ewyas, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII (38) at Windsor, Berkshire
01 Sep 1532
Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31)
Henry VIII (41)
performing the investiture at
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (55) , Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (48) , Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59) , Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551 (37) , Jean Dinteville , Edward Lee Archbishop York 1482-1544 (50) , John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (13) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (31) she were cousins.
In 1533 Henry VIII (41) granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (43) to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst, Sussex .
On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (41) and Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (46) at Whitehall Palace . Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1515-1564 (17) , Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.
In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII (41) forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions.Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.
In Mar 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Succession . The Act made Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (18) illegitimate and Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 the heir to King Henry VIII (42) .The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the king's supremacy.
22 Jun 1535
Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (47)
presided over the
of John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (65)
and Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57)
both of whom refused to take the Oath Of Supremacy.The judges including Anne Boleyn's father
William Boleyn 1451-1505
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (58)
Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (50)
Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567 (38)
as a witness who testified that Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57)
had denied that the King was the legitimate head of the Church.However, Richard Southwell 1503-1564 (32)
to the contrary.
The jury took, somewhat unsurprisingly, only fifteen minutes to conclude Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (57) was guilty. He was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered; the King (43) commuted this to beheading.
In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44) . Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 (42) was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63) , Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 (28) undertook the suppression of the rebels.
On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon's death. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter.It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic.
On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Peterborough Cathedral, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon 1519-1547 (17) was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII (44) refused their daughter Henry VIII (44) permission to attend. On the same day Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35) miscarried a boy; regarded as the start of Anne's demise.
19 May 1536
Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (35)
Tower Green, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by
Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52)
Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (12)
Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16)
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul.
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London
was an attempt to overthrow
Henry VIII (47)
and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (42)
, grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (50)
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (67)
sat in judgement.
Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 (23)
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII (47) on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558 (38) . He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.
On Sep 1538 Henry VIII (47) ordered Thomas of Becket's shrine at Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent to be destroyed. Both an attack on the Catholic Church, and a means to generate revenue; Thomas' shrine was covered in precious metals and stones. Two huges chests, each requiring six men to carry, were required to remove the treasure.
16 Nov 1538
Henry VIII (47)
Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.
Henry enacted legislation as follows:
ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket , sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie , stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde , for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge’s Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.”
1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43) .Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48) .
On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent . Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England .
On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII (50) received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey .
On 13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard (19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (37) were beheaded at Tower Green . Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London .
On 20 Jul 1542 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (51) purchased the premises at Stanmore, with a windmill, lands in Great and Little Stanmore and Harrow, others in Essex, and also the "premises in the parish of St Sepulchre in the ward of Faryngton Without" from Geoffrey Chamber of Stanmore in Middlesex -1550.
On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII (52) and Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace . Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned Queen Consort England . Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.
23 Dec 1543
Henry VIII (52)
new wife's (31)
brother and uncle at ceremony in the
Presence Chamber, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, Surrey
Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (26)
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (34)
were present. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550
read the Patents.
William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (60) was created 1st Baron Parr Horton . William was sixty with five daughters. He died four years later at which time the Barony became extinct.
William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (31) was created 1st Earl Essex (7C 1543) . His estranged wife Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (26) was daughter of the last Earl of Essex of the Fifth Creation . A somewhat curious choice given his wife had eloped the year previous year with John Lyngfield, the prior of St. James's Church, in Tanbridge, Surrey, by whom she had an illegitimate child.
On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley , the future 2nd Earl Southamption, was christened at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, Middlesex . His godparents were Henry VIII (53) , Henry's daughter Mary Tudor (29) and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk (61) .
30 Dec 1546
Henry VIII (55)
made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9)
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30)
Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 (13)
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (46) , Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (57) , Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (45) , John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42) , William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45) , Edward Montagu 1485-1557 (61) , Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564 (50) , William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (40) , William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 (63) , John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61) , Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46) , Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (72) and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550 (41) .
On 16 Feb 1547 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl Southampton 1505-1550 (41) was created 1st Earl Southampton (2C 1547) in accordance with Henry VIII 's will for which he was nominated executor.Jane Cheney Countess Southampton by marriage Countess Southampton (2C 1547) .
On 16 Feb 1547 Henry VIII was buried in the Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire . John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (67) attended.
03 Aug 1553
Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37)
made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate , which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19) , and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56) , and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80) , who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26) , son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70) , deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56) . They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.
30 Aug 1654
John Evelyn's Diary 1654 Aug
. Taking leave of my friends, who had now feasted me more than a month, I, with my wife, etc., set our faces toward home, and got this evening to
, passing by a stately palace (Thorpe) of St. John's (one deep in the blood of our good king), built out of the ruins of the Bishop's palace and cloister. The church is exceeding fair, full of monuments of great antiquity. Here lies Queen Catherine
, the unhappy wife of
, and the no less unfortunate
Mary, Queen of Scots
. On the steeple, we viewed the fens of Lincolnshire, now much inclosed and drained with infinite expense, and by many sluices, cuts, mounds, and ingenious mills, and the like inventions; at which the city and country about it consisting of a poor and very lazy sort of people, were much displeased.
Peterborough is a handsome town, and hath another well-built church.
A History of the County of Leicestershire: Volume 5 Gartree Hundred Horninghold
lies seven miles north-east of Market Harborough, Leicestershire and four miles south-west of Uppingham. The parish, which is 1,217 a. in area, extends over the Middle Lias clays which underlie the hills on the borders of Rutland. The soil is chiefly clay and largely devoted to pasture. The road from Hallaton to Uppingham, on which the village stands, crosses the parish from west to east; it is joined at the east end of the village by a road from Great Easton. There are two field tracks, one to Blaston, and one which crosses the road from Hallaton to Allexton and continues to Keythorpe.
Before the Conquest Horninghold was one of a group of estates apparently held by four thegns, Osulf, Osmund, Roulf, and Levrick. In 1086 the vill was said to be held by Robert de Todeni, lord of Belvoir, though it may have been given before this date to Robert's priory of Belvoir, which had been founded in 1076. At the beginning of the 12th century it was farmed by William D'Aubigny . Horninghold formed part of the original endowment of the priory and remained in its possession until the Dissolution. It was confirmed to the priory at various times during the Middle Ages.
At the Dissolution the manor passed to the Crown, and in 1545 Henry VIII licensed Edward Elrington and Humphrey Metcalfe , to whom he had previously sold it, to alienate the manor and the rest of the former priory's property in the parish to John Beaumont and Henry Alycock. There was a lease of the manor outstanding for 41 years from 1531 which had been made by Belvoir Priory to Anthony Bewell, the priory's bailiff. On Beaumont's forfeiture the manor once more passed to the Crown, and in 1553 it was purchased for £566 by Edward Griffin , the Attorney-General, whose family owned the nearby manor of Gumley. In 1590 William Turpin of Knaptoft -1617 , whose father had owned land in Horninghold, purchased the manor from Edward Griffin's heir. Turpin was knighted in 1603 and died in 1617; his widow held the manor until her death about the end of 1633, and was succeeded by her daughter Elizabeth , who married Sir John Pretyman of Loddington (64) .
The estate was settled upon their eldest son John and his wife Margaret on their marriage in 1649. John Pretyman died in 1658 leaving his widow as owner of the estate, which she brought to her second husband Sir John Heath, the second son of Sir Robert Heath of Brasted Place (Kent) and M.P. for Clitheroe (Lancs.) from 1661 to 1679. She died in 1676 and the available evidence suggests that Horninghold manor did not descend to her daughter and heir. It appears to have been sold by Heath to Sir Edward Hungerford (43) , who was in possession by 1676 and presented to the living. Thereafter the manorial descent is lost. Sir Edward Hungerford died in 1711, but it is by no means certain that he could or would have retained the manor of Horninghold for more than a few years, for his extravagance was notorious and he is said to have disposed of more than thirty manors during his lifetime.
Richard Jerningham -1526 was appointed as Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 .
. in chief . The augmentation was granted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 at the time of his creation as Earl of Rutland in recognition of his descent in the maternal line from Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 .
Thomas Paston 1515-1550 was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 .
Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 was appointed as Groom of the Stool to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 .
Paternal Family Tree: Tudor
Maternal Family Tree: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430
Descendants Family Trees:
Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132
Kings England: Son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509
Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180
Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422
Father: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 Great x 5 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 2 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367
Great x 3 GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381
GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403
Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 Great x 6 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382
Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- Great x 4 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Mother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter of Edward IV King England 1442-1483
GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377
Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403
GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469
Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-
Great GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-
Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216