Biography of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1490 Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

1491 Christening of Henry VIII

1502 Death of Prince Arthur

1503 Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1509 Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1509 Death of Henry VII

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1510 Execution of Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley

1511 Birth of Prince Henry

1511 Tournament

1511 Death of Prince Henry

1512 The Procession of Parliament

1513 Siege of Thérouanne

1513 Battle of Flodden

1514 Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

1516 Birth of Princess Mary

1520 Marriage of William Carey and Mary Boleyn

1520 Field of the Cloth of Gold

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

1522 Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1529 Henry VIII Creates New Earldoms

1532 Henry and Anne Visit France

1532 Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

1533 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1533 Statute in Restraint of Appeals

1533 Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

1533 Coronation of Anne Boleyn

1533 Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

1533 Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

1534 First Act of Succession

1534 First Act of Supremacy

1534 Treasons Act

1535 Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1536 Pilgrimage of Grace

1536 Death of Catherine of Aragon

1536 Henry VIII Tournament

1536 Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Miscarriage of Anne Bolyen

1536 Execution of Anne Boleyn

1536 Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

1536 Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

1537 Birth and Christening Edward VI

1537 Death of Jane Seymour

1537 Bigod's Rebellion

1538 Exeter Conspiracy

1538 Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

1538 Henry VIII Excommunicated

1540 Marriage of Catherine Howard

1540 Anne of Cleves Annulment

1540 Anne of Cleves Marriage

1541 Catherine Howard Trial

1542 Death of King James V of Scotland

1542 Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

1543 Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

1543 Parr Family Ennobled

1545 Christening of Henry Wriothesley

1546 Henry VIII Revises his Will

1547 Funeral of King Henry VIII

1547 Death of Henry VIII

1553 Arrival of Queen Mary I in London


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

The History of King Richard the Third. King Edward of that name the Fourth (40), after he had lived fifty and three years, seven months, and six days, and thereof reigned two and twenty years, one month, and eight days, died at Westminster the ninth day of April, the year of our redemption, a thousand four hundred four score and three, leaving much fair issue, that is, Edward the Prince (12), thirteen years of age; Richard Duke of York (9), two years younger; [his mother] Elizabeth (17), whose fortune and grace was after to be queen, wife unto [his father] King Henry the Seventh (26), and mother unto the Eighth; Cecily (14) not so fortunate as fair; Brigette (2), who, representing the virtue of her whose name she bore, proFessed and observed a religious life in Dertford, a house of cloistered Nuns; Anne (7), who was after honorably married unto Thomas (10), then Lord Howard and after Earl of Surrey; and Katherine (3), who long time tossed in either fortune—sometime in wealth, often in adversity—at the last, if this be the last, for yet she lives, is by the goodness of her nephew, King Henry the Eighth, in very prosperous state, and worthy her birth and virtue.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 30 Oct 1485 [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and [his mother] Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey.

On 20 Sep 1486 [his brother] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 was created as Duke Cornwall.

On 29 Nov 1489 [his brother] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created as Earl Chester (7C 1489).

Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 27 Feb 1490 [his brother] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created Prince Wales at Westminster Palace.
Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (33) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1491. This yeare, June, King Henrie the Eight was borne at Greenewich, which was second sonne to [his father] King Henry the Vllth (33), named Duke of Yorke. Sir Robert Chamberlayne (53) beheaded. A conduict begon at Christ Churche. Note. Christ Churche is believed to be a typo for Grace Church.

On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and [his mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia. He was created as Duke Cornwall.

Christening of Henry VIII

After 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 was baptised by Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 at the Church of the Observant Friars.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

In 1494 Henry VIII (2) was created 1st Duke York (3C 1494).

On 21 Feb 1499 [his brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and [his mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) andn Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset (3C 1499) on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Death of Prince Arthur

On 02 Apr 1502 [his brother] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (15) died at Ludlow Castle, Ludlow. See Death of Prince Arthur. The cause of death unknown other than being reported as "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". Catherine of Aragon (16) had recovered.

Around 1492. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519 (32). Portrait of Catherine of Aragon (6).

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England 1485-1536 (34).

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and [his mother] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London.
On 10 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 died.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth. She was buried on 24 Feb 1503 in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (12) was created as Prince Wales and Earl Chester (8C 1504). John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (24) was created as Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson 1450-1510 (54) was knighted. .

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, [his son] Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1509. This yeare, in Aprill, died [his father] King Henry the Vllth (51) at Richmond; and his Sonne King Henry the VIII (17) was proclaymed Kinge on St. Georges daye, in the same moneth. And in June follwinge the King (17) was married to Queene Katherin (23), late wife of his brother [his brother] Prince Arthure, and were both crowned on Mid-sommer day. See Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.

In 1509 William Compton 1482-1528 (27) was appointed Groom of the Stool to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (17).

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of [his father] Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of [his sister] Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

Death of Henry VII

On 21 Apr 1509 [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (52) died of tuberculosis at Richmond Palace, Richmond. His son Henry VIII (17) succeeded VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor of Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes. There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy Argent & Gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII.
Physician holding urine bottle

Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 23 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) and Catherine of Aragon (23) were married at the Church of the Observant Friars.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

On 24 Jun 1509 Henry VIII (17) was crowned VIII King England and Ireland: Tudor at Westminster Abbey. Catherine of Aragon (23) was created Queen Consort England.
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (31), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.

Around 1538 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (41). Drawing of the wife of Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (55). He had three wives. The sitter is believed to his third wife.

Before Oct 1509 Richard Empson 1450-1510 was imprisoned by Henry VIII for constructive treason.

Execution of Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley

On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (48) and Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill for constructive treason for having carried out [his father] King Henry VII's rigorous and arbitrary system of taxation. The new King Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (19) attempting to distance himself from his father's policies.

Birth of Prince Henry

On 01 Jan 1511 [his son] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was born to Henry VIII (19) and Catherine of Aragon (25) at Richmond Palace. Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 was appointed Duke Cornwall.

1511 Tournament

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster. The challengers included Henry VIII (19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (15) as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville 1471-1538 (40) as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet 1485-1512 (26) as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell -1551.
On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (28), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (16), Thomas Cheney 1485-1558 (26), Richard Blount and Robert Morton.
On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell 1480-1537 (31), Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (22), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (27), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane 1479-1541 (32), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (38), Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (33) and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1479-1523 (32).

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) wearing the Garter and Inter-twined Knots Collar with St George Pendant. Standing three-quarter length, richly dressed in velvet, fur and cloth-of-gold. Holbein has meticulously shown the varied texture of his cloth-of-gold double which is woven into a pomegranate pattern with a variety of different weaves including loops of gold thread. Similarly, he has carefully articulated the band of black satin running down Guildford’s arm against the richer black of the velvet of his sleeve. A lavish use of both shell-gold paint and gold leaf (which has been used to emulate the highlights of the gold thread in the material) emphasises the luxuriousness of the sitter’s dress and his high status. In his right-hand he holds the Comptroller of the Household Staff of Office.

In 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Mary Wotton 1499-1535 (28) when she was thirty-two commissioned with that of her husband Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (38) possibly to celebrate their marriage. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety.

Around 1543 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

Death of Prince Henry

On 22 Feb 1511 [his son] Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

The Procession of Parliament

On 04 Feb 1512 Henry VIII (20) re-convened his 2nd Parliament. The Procession was recorded on a Parliamentary Rolls as follows:.

Battle of Flodden

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1513. This yeare, on the Assension Even, Edmonde de la Pole (42) was beheaded on Tower Hill.
This yeare allso, on the day of th' Exaltation of the Crosse, Te Deum was sungen in Paules Churche for the victorie of the Scottishe feild, where King Jamys of Scotland (39) was slayne. The King of England (21) that tjrme lyenge at seege before Turney in France, and wan it and Turwjm also.
A Parlement kept at Westminster, where was graunted to the King (21) of all men's goodes 6d. in the pownde. A peace betwene the King (21) and French King (52) duringe both their lives; and the [his sister] Ladie Marie (18), sister to the King, married to the French King, at Abireld, in Picardye, in October.

Siege of Thérouanne

On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII (22) fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs. Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (36), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (25). John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561 (18), William Compton 1482-1528 (31), John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (48) and William Hussey 1472-1531 (40) was knighted by [his father] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (56) and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (46) was created as Knight Banneret.

On 25 Sep 1513 John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) was knighted by Henry VIII (22) at Tournai.

On 25 Dec 1513 John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518 was knighted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (22).

On 06 Aug 1514 Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (25) and [his sister] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) were married at Kinoul. Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (24) by marriage Countess Angus.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

On 09 Oct 1514 Louis XII King France 1462-1515 (52) and [his sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (18) were married at Abbeville, Somme. Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (18) was appointed Queen Consort France. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (37), Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (57), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 and his son George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham 1497-1558 (17), and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (27) attended. .

In 1515 William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (20) was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (23).

On May 1515 Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (31) and [his sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (19) were married. Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (19) by marriage Duchess Suffolk (2C 1514).

In 1516 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (45) was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24).

In 1516 Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (23) was appointed Knight of the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24).

In 1516 Edward Neville 1471-1538 (45) was appointed Master of the Hounds to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (24).

Birth of Princess Mary

On 18 Feb 1516 [his daughter] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 was born to Henry VIII (24) and Catherine of Aragon (30) at Palace of Placentia. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan 1468-1552 (48) was created 1st Baron Bryan and appointed the child's governess.

On 15 Jun 1519 [his illegitimate son] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 was born illegitimately to Henry VIII (27) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys 1502-1539 (17) at Augustinian Priory of St Lawrence, Ingatestone, Blackmore.

Marriage of William Carey and Mary Boleyn

On 04 Feb 1520 William Carey 1500-1528 (20) and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (21) were married. Around the time, possibly shortly after, Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (21) became mistress to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (28) leading to speculation one or both of her children were fathered by Henry (28).

Field of the Cloth of Gold

On Jun 1520 Henry VIII (28) hosted Field of the Cloth of Gold at Balinghem.
Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (42) carried the Sword of State.
John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (45) attended as Henry VIII's chaplain.
Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye 1484-1539 (36), Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1478-1521 (42), Anthony Poyntz 1480-1533 (40), William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (25), William "Great" Courtenay 1477-1535 (43), Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (37), William Paston 1479-1554 (41), William Denys 1470-1533 (50), Richard Cecil 1495-1553 (25), William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (37), Ralph Neville 4th Earl Westmoreland 1498-1549 (22), John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt 1480-1562 (40), Henry Guildford 1489-1532 (31), Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (40), William Compton 1482-1528 (38), William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534 (42), Thomas Cheney 1485-1558 (35), Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (69), John Rodney 1461-1528 (59), John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (35), William Sidney 1482-1554 (38), John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (20), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (49), Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (40), Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (63), Robert Willoughby 2nd Baron Willoughby Broke, 10th Baron Latimer 1472-1521 (48), Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (32) and Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529 attended.
William Carey 1500-1528 (20) jousted. Margaret Dymoke 1500-1545 (20) attended.
William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (50) organised.
Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (15) attended.
Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (32) was present.

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford.

Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

On May 1522 Henry VIII (30) met with Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (22) at Dover. William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy 1478-1534 (44), William Compton 1482-1528 (40), John Marney 2nd Baron Marney 1484-1525 (37) and John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (51) were present. Henry VIII Meeting with Charles V Holy Roman Emperor.

In 1523 Henry Percy 6th Earl of Northumberland 1502-1537 (21) and [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (22) were betrothed secretly but the bethrothal broken off when his father Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (44) refused to support their engagement.

Around 1580 based on a work of around 1534.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England.

In 1525 William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 (35) was appointed Treasurer of the Royal Household to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 [his illegitimate son] Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (29) was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Bridewell Palace. .

In 1526 William Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Vyne 1470-1540 (56) was appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (34).

On 04 Mar 1526 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 was born to William Carey 1500-1528 (26) and Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27). There is speculation among historians that his father may actually have been Henry VIII (34) who was known to have had an affair with Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 (27) although the precise dates are unknown.

On 19 Oct 1526 William Willoughby 11th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1482-1526 (44) died at Parham. He was buried at All Saints Church, Mettingham, Bungay. His daughter Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (7) succeeded 12th Baron Willoughby Eresby. Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (7) became a ward of Henry VIII (35).

Before 1528 Thomas Morgan 1482-1538 was appointed Esquire to the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

On 18 Feb 1528 Piers "Red" Butler 8th Earl Ormonde, 1st Earl Ossory 1467-1539 (61) resigned their claim to the Ormonde inheritance since Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (36) wanted the titles for Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (51) to whom they were subsequently granted.

On 01 Mar 1528 Henry VIII (36) sold the wardship of Catherine Willoughby Duchess Suffolk 1519-1580 (8) to Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (44) who subsequently married her.

On 03 Mar 1528 Henry Stewart 1st Lord Methven 1495-1552 (33) and [his sister] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (38) were married.

In 1529 Edward Burgh -1533 and [his wife] Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (16) were married.

In 1529 John Mundy Lord Mayor -1537 was knighted by Henry VIII (37).

In Oct 1529 Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (51) was appointed Lord Chancellor by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38).

Henry VIII Creates New Earldoms

On 08 Dec 1529 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (38) created two new Earldoms ...
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (52) was created 1st Earl Wiltshire (6C 1529), 1st Earl Ormonde (6C 1529), 1st Viscount Rochford. Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 (49) by marriage Countess Wiltshire (6C 1529), Earl Ormonde (6C 1529).
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (42) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (7C 1529). Anne Stafford Countess Huntingdon 1483-1544 (46) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (7C 1529).

In 1530 the Prior of Llanthony Priory, Llanthony, Vale Ewyas, Monmouthshire, South-East Wales sent cheese, carp and baked lamphreys to Henry VIII (38) at Windsor.

On 11 Nov 1530 Giles Alington 1499-1586 (31) was knighted by Henry VIII (39) at Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

On Dec 1531 Rhys ap Gruffydd Deheubarth 1508-1531 (23) was executed by Henry VIII (40) for treason for purportedly for inscribing the name Fitz Uryan on his armour at City of London.

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle. Note she was created Marquess rather than the female form Marchioness alhough Marchioness if a modern form that possibly didn't exist at the time.
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (55), Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59), Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551 (37), Jean Dinteville, Edward Lee Archbishop of York 1482-1544 (50), John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (13) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (31)she were cousins.

Henry and Anne Visit France

Around Nov 1532 Henry VIII (41) and [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (31) met with Francis I King France 1494-1547 (38) at Calais. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (16) was present. .

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Artist. After William Scrots Painter 1517-1553. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547. The Arms on his right Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 Arms. On the left Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Arms.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1533 William Holles Lord Mayor 1471-1542 (62) was knighted by Henry VIII (41).

In 1533 Henry VIII (41) granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl of Southampton 1490-1542 (43) to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII (41) and [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) were married by Rowland Leigh Bishop Coventry and Lichfield (46) at Whitehall Palace. Anne Savage Baroness Berkeley 1496-1546 (37), Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 (53) and Henry Norreys 1482-1536 (51) witnessed.

Statute in Restraint of Appeals

In Mar 1533 Parliament enacted the Statute in Restraint of Appeals by which Henry VIII (41) forbade all appeals to the Pope in Rome on religious or other matters, making the King the final legal authority in all such matters in England, Wales, and other English possessions. Considered to be a cornerstone of the English Reformation.

Cranmer declares Henry and Catherine's Marriage Invalid

On 23 May 1533 Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury (43) declared the marriage of Henry VIII (41) and Catherine of Aragon (47) invalid. .

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) at Westminster Abbey. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.
John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker 1513-1552 (19) and William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1505-1534 (28) and Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle 1507-1560 (26) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (44) attended.
Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

On 25 Jun 1533 [his sister] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (37) died at Westhorpe.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 07 Sep 1533 [his daughter] Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII (42) and [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (32).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Marriage of Henry Fitzroy and Mary Howard

On 28 Nov 1533 [his illegitimate son] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (14) and Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) were married (he was her third-cousin). Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (14) by marriage Duchess of Richmond and Somerset. Another coup for the Howard Family especially in view of Henry Fitzroy being considered by some as a possible heir in view of Anne Boleyn's
.

1534 Treasons Act

After 1534 Parliament enacted the Treason Act made it treason, punishable by death, to not swear an oath recognising the King Henry VIII as the "... Only Head of the Church of England ...".

First Act of Succession

In Mar 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Succession. The Act made [his daughter] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (18) illegitimate and [his daughter] Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland the heir to King Henry VIII (42). The Act also required all subjects, if commanded, to swear an oath to recognize this Act as well as the king's supremacy.

Around Jul 1534 John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 (40) and [his wife] Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (21) were married. Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (21) by marriage Baroness Latimer Snape.

First Act of Supremacy

On 03 Nov 1534 Parliament enacted the First Act of Supremacy by which Henry VIII (43) and his heirs were declared to be Supreme Head of the Church of England. Henry had now abandoned Rome completely.

Trial and Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

Before 22 Jun 1535 Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 presided over the trial of John Fisher Bishop Rochester 1469-1535 and Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 both of whom refused to take the Oath Of Supremacy. The judges including Anne Boleyn's father William Boleyn 1451-1505 and brother Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 brought Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Leez 1497-1567 as a witness who testified that Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 had denied that the King was the legitimate head of the Church. However, Richard Southwell 1503-1564 to the contrary.
The jury took, somewhat unsurprisingly, only fifteen minutes to conclude Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 was guilty. He was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered; the King commuted this to beheading.

In 1569 Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544.

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1536.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Richard Southwell 1503-1564.

On 21 Aug 1535 Nicholas Poyntz 1510-1556 (25) visited by Henry VIII (44) and [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (34) at Acton Court, Iron Acton.

Around 1550 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Nicholas Poyntz 1510-1556 (40).

Pilgrimage of Grace

In 1536 the North rose against religious policies of Henry VIII (44). Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 (48) condemned the traitors. John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer Snape 1493-1543 (42) was implicated. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (63), Henry Howard 1516-1547 (20) and Edmund Knyvet 1508-1551 (28) undertook the suppression of the rebels.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

Death of Catherine of Aragon

On 07 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (50) died at Kimbolton Castle, Kimbolton in the arms of her great friend Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby. .

Calendar of State Papers of Spain Volume 5 Part 2 1516-1538. 21 Jan 1536. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (35).

The good Queen breathed her last at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. Eight hours afterwards, by the King's (44) express commands, the inspection of her body was made, without her confessor or physician or any other officer of her household being present, save the fire-lighter in the house, a servant of his, and a companion of the latter, who proceeded at once to open the body. Neither of them had practised chirurgy, and yet they had often performed the same operation, especially the principal or head of them, who, after making the examination, went to the bishop of Llandaff, the Queen's confessor, and declared to him in great secrecy, and as if his life depended on it, that he had found the Queen's body and the intestines perfectly sound and healthy, as if nothing had happened, with the single exception of the heart, which was completely black, and of a most hideous aspect; after washing it in three different waters, and finding that it did not change colour, he cut it in two, and found that it was the same inside, so much so that after being washed several times it never changed colour. The man also said that he found inside the heart something black and round, which adhered strongly to the concavities. And moreover, after this spontaneous declaration on the part of the man, my secretary having asked the Queen's physician whether he thought the Queen had died of poison, the latter answered that in his opinion there was no doubt about it, for the bishop had been told so under conFession, and besides that, had not the secret been revealed, the symptoms, the course, and the fatal end of her illness were a proof of that.

No words can describe the joy and delight which this King (44) and the promoters of his [his wife] concubinate (35) have felt at the demise of the good Queen, especially the earl of Vulcher (59), and his son (33), who must have said to themselves, What a pity it was that the [his daughter] Princess (19) had not kept her mother company. The King (44) himself on Saturday, when he received the news, was heard to exclaim, "Thank God, we are now free from any fear of war, and the time has come for dealing with the French much more to our advantage than heretofore, for if they once suspect my becoming the Emperor's friend and ally now that the real cause of our enmity no longer exists I shall be able to do anything I like with them." On the following day, which was Sunday, the King (44) dressed entirely in yellow from head to foot, with the single exception of a white feather in his cap. His [his daughter] bastard daughter (2) was triumphantly taken to church to the sound of trumpets and with great display. Then, after dinner, the King (44) went to the hall, where the ladies were dancing, and there made great demonstration of joy, and at last went into his own apartments, took the little bastard (2), carried her (2) in his (44) arms, and began to show her first to one, then to another, and did the same on the following days. Since then his joy has somewhat subsided; he has no longer made such demonstrations, but to make up for it, as it were, has been tilting and running lances at Grinduys. On the other hand, if I am to believe the reports that come to me from every quarter, I must say that the displeasure and grief generally felt at the Queen's demise is really incredible, as well as the indignation of the people against the King (44). All charge him with being the cause of the Queen's death, which I imagine has been produced partly by poison and partly by despondency and grief; besides which, the joy which the King (44) himself, as abovesaid, manifested upon hearing the news, has considerably confirmed people in that belief.

Great preparations are being made for the burial of the good Queen, and according to a message received from Master Cromwell (51) the funeral is to be conducted with such a pomp and magnificence that those present will scarcely believe their eyes. It is to take place on the 1st of February; the chief mourner to be the King's own niece (18), that is to say, the daughter of the duke of Suffolk (52); next to her will go the [his sister] Duchess, her mother; then the wife of the duke of Norfolk (39), and several other ladies in great numbers. And from what I hear, it is intended to distribute mourning apparel to no less than 600 women of a lower class. As to the lords and gentlemen, nothing has yet transpired as to who they are to be, nor how many. Master Cromwell (51) himself, as I have written to Your Majesty (35), pressed me on two different occasions to accept the mourning cloth, which this King (44) offered for the purpose no doubt of securing my attendance at the funeral, which is what he greatly desires; but by the advice of the Queen Regent of Flanders (Mary), of the Princess herself, and of many other worthy personages, I have declined, and, refused the cloth proffered ; alleging as an excuse that I was already prepared, and had some of it at home, but in reality because I was unwilling to attend a funeral, which, however costly and magnificent, is not that befitting a queen of England.

The King (44), or his Privy Council, thought at first that very solemn obsequies ought to be performed at the cathedral church of this city. Numerous carpenters and other artizans had already set to work, but since then the order has been revoked, and there is no talk of it now. Whether they meant it in earnest, and then changed their mind, or whether it was merely a feint to keep people contented and remove suspicion, I cannot say for certain.

Henry VIII Tournament

On 24 Jan 1536 Henry VIII (44) held a tournament at the Palace of Placentia some two weeks after Catherine of Aragon's death. Henry VIII (44) was badly injured causing him to suffer with a wound in his leg thereafter. It is reported the injury caused a change in Henry's character thereafter becoming increasingly despotic. .

Funeral of Catherine of Aragon and Miscarriage of Anne Bolyen

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon was buried at Peterborough Cathedral at a service for a Princess rather than Queen. Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (17) was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII (44) refused their daughter [his daughter] Mary (19) permission to attend. On the same day [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (35) miscarried a child; regarded as the start of Anne's demise.

Calendar of State Papers of Spain Volume 5 Part 2 1516-1538. 17 Feb 1536. Eustace Chapuys to the Emperor (35).

On that very day the good queen of England's burial took place, which was attended by four bishops and as many abbots, besides the ladies mentioned in my preceding despatches. No other person of rank or name was present except the comptroller of the Royal household. The place where she lies in the cathedral church of Peterborough is a good way from the high altar, and in a less honourable position than that of several bishops buried in the same church. Had she not been a dowager Princess, as they have held her both in life and death, but simply a baroness, they could not have chosen a less distinguished place of rest for her, as the people who understand this sort of thing tell me. Such have been the wonderful display and incredible magnificence which these people gave me to understand would be lavished in honour and memory of one whose great virtues and royal relationship certainly entitled her to uncommon honours!! Perhaps one of these days they will repair their fault, and erect a suitable. Monument or institute some pious foundation to her memory in some suitable spot or other.

On the same day that the Queen was buried this King's [his wife] concubine (35) miscarried of a child, who had the appearance of a nude about three months and a half old, at which miscarriage the King (44) has certainly shown great disappointment and sorrow. The concubine (35) herself has since attempted to throw all the blame on the duke of Norfolk (63), whom she hates, pretending that her mishap was entirely owing to the shock she received when, six days before, he (the Duke) came to announce to her the King's fall from his horse. But the King knows very well that it was not that, for his accident was announced to her in a manner not to create alarm; besides which, when she heard of it, she seemed quite indifferent to it. Upon the whole, the general opinion is that the concubine's miscarriage was entirely owing to defective constitution, and her utter inability to bear male children; whilst others imagine that the fear of the King treating her as he treated his late Queen, which is not unlikely, considering his behaviour towards a damsel of the Court, named [his wife] Miss Seymour (27), to whom he has latterly made very valuable presents—is the oral cause of it all. The Princess' governess, her daughters, and a niece of hers, have greatly mourned over the concubines miscarriage, never ceasing to interrogate one of the Princess' most familiar maids in waiting on the subject, and asking whether their mistress had been informed of Anne s miscarriage, for if she had, as was most likely, they still would not for the world that she knew the rest of the affair and its causes, thereby intending to say that there was fear of the King's taking another wife.

Execution of Anne Boleyn

On 19 May 1536 [his wife] Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London. Unusually a sword was used. Her execution was witnessed by Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (52), Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (12) and [his illegitimate son] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (16).
Anne's last words, as reported by Edward Hall, were as follows:
Good Christian People, I am come hither to die, for according to the law, and by the law I am judged to die, and therefore I will speak nothing against it. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak any thing of that, whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the king and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never; and to me was he ever a good, a gentle and sovereign lord. And if any person will meddle of my cause, I require them to judge the best. And thus I take my leave of the world and of you all, and I heartily desire you all to pray for me. O Lord, have mercy on me, to God I commend my soul.
To Christ I commend my soul, Jesu receive my soul.
She was buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London.

Betrothal of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour

On 20 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and [his wife] Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (27) were betrothed the day after Anne Boleyn had been beheaded.

Marriage of Henry VII and Jane Seymour

On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII (44) and [his wife] Jane Seymour (27) were married at Whitehall Palace by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester (53). Jane (27) was appointed Queen Consort England.

On 23 Jul 1536 [his illegitimate son] Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 (17) died at St James's Palace. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham.

Bigod's Rebellion

In Jan 1537 Bigod's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Catholics in Cumberland and Westmoreland against Henry VIII (45). It was led by Francis Bigod 1507-1537 (29).

On 01 Jan 1537 [his nephew] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (24) and Madeleine Valois-Angoulême 1520-1537 (16) were married at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral.

Birth and Christening Edward VI

On 12 Oct 1537 [his son] Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was born to Henry VIII (46) and [his wife] Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) at Hampton Court Palace.

On 15 Oct 1537 [his son] the future Edward VI was christened by John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 (62) at the Chapel Royal in Hampton Court Palace. Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (48) performed the Baptismal Rites, and was appointed Godfather. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (64) and [his daughter] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (21) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the Salt. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (53) was Godfather and supported the Marchioness of Exeter. Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) was knighted. Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 (52), Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (44), John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (66) and John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (57) attended. Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (61) carried Lady Mary's train. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried a covered basin. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex 1483-1542 (54) carried the canopy.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) helped his young niece the future Elizabeth I to carry the Crisom. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (41) supported his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (33) to carry the child. Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (60) bore a taper of virgin wax. William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (61) carried the train of the Prince's robe. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 proclaimed the Prince's titles. Arthur Hopton 1489-1555 (48) attended.
Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (37) was created 1st Earl Hertford (2C 1537), 1st Viscount Beauchamp.
Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 was created as Duke Cornwall, Earl Chester (9C 1537).
Nicholas Carew (41), Francis Bryan, Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (37) and John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (52) surrounded the font.
Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (27), Edward Neville 1471-1538 (66), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Sudeley 1508-1549 (29), Richard Long 1494-1546 (43) and John Wallop 1490-1551 (47) carried the canopy.

Death of Jane Seymour

On 24 Oct 1537 [his wife] Jane Seymour Queen Consort England 1509-1537 (28) died at Hampton Court Palace at two in the morning as a result of complications arising childbirth.

Around 1538 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 (27) was given the manors of Redgrave, Botesdale and Gislingham in Suffolk, and Gorhambury by Henry VIII (46).

Unknown Artist. Posthumous portrait of Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579.

On 18 Jun 1538 [his nephew] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (26) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) were married (he was her third-cousin) at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

Exeter Conspiracy

Before Aug 1538 the Exeter Conspiracy was an attempt to overthrow Henry VIII and replace him with Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539, grandson of Edward VI, Henry's first cousin. Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Waldon 1488-1544 presided. John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 sat in judgement. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1515-1541 was juror.
The Exeter Conspiracy was an attack by Henry VIII on Cardinal Reginald Pole 1500-1558. He, Cardinal Pole, was safe in Rome. Instead Henry destroyed mnost of the Pole family in England.

Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

On Sep 1538 Henry VIII (47) ordered Thomas of Becket's shrine at Canterbury Cathedral to be destroyed. Both an attack on the Catholic Church, and a means to generate revenue; Thomas' shrine was covered in precious metals and stones. Two huges chests, each requiring six men to carry, were required to remove the treasure.

On 16 Nov 1538 Henry VIII (47)Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.
Henry enacted legislation as follows:
ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket, sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie, stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde, for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge’s Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.

Henry VIII Excommunicated

On 17 Dec 1538 Henry VIII (47) was excommunicated by Pope Paul III 1648-1549 (70).

Around 1546. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (58). Portrait of Pope Paul III 1648-1549 (77) and his grandsons.

Before 1549. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Portrait of Pope Paul III 1648-1549.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (43). Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Anne of Cleves Marriage

On 06 Jan 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Anne of Cleves (24) were married by Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (50) at Palace of Placentia. Anne of Cleves (24) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Around 1539 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (42). Portrait of Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England 1515-1557 (23).

On 10 Mar 1540 Thomas Jermyn 1482-1552 (58) was knighted by Henry VIII (48).

Marriage of Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII (48) and [his wife] Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard (17) was appointed Queen Consort England.

Anne of Cleves Annulment

On 09 Jul 1540 Henry VIII's (49) marriage to Anne of Cleves (24) was annulled.

On 18 Oct 1541 [his sister] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (51) died at Methven Castle, Methven. She was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth.

Catherine Howard Trial

On 01 Nov 1541 Henry VIII (50) received a warrant for Catherine's arrest from Archbishop Cranmer at Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace.

In 1542 Hugh "The Elder" Cholmondeley 1513-1596 (29) was knighted by Henry VIII (50).

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 [his wife] Catherine Howard (19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford 1505-1542 (37) were beheaded at Tower Green. Henry Howard 1516-1547 (26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London.

On 20 Jul 1542 Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (51) purchased the premises at Stanmore, with a windmill, lands in Great and Little Stanmore and Harrow, others in Essex, and also the "premises in the parish of St Sepulchre in the ward of Faryngton Without" from Geoffrey Chamber of Stanmore in Middlesex -1550.

Death of King James V of Scotland

On 14 Dec 1542 [his nephew] James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (30) died at Falkland Palace, Falkland, Fife. His daughter Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 succeeded I King Scotland: Stewart. She was six days old.

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (33).

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Parr

On 12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII (52) and [his wife] Catherine Parr (30) were married at Hampton Court Palace. !Catherine Parr Queen Consort England 1512-1548 (30) was crowned Queen Consort England. Margaret Douglas Countess Lennox 1515-1578 (27) attended.

Parr Family Ennobled

On 23 Dec 1543 Henry VIII (52) enobled his [his wife] new wife's (31) brother and uncle at ceremony in the Presence Chamber, Hampton Court Palace. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (26) and Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (34) were present. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 read the Patents.
William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (60) was created 1st Baron Parr Horton. William was sixty with five daughters. He died four years later at which time the Barony extinct.
William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (31) was created 1st Earl Essex (7C 1543). His estranged wife Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (26) was daughter of the last Earl of Essex of the Fifth Creation. A somewhat curious choice given his wife had eloped the year previous year with John Lyngfield, the prior of St. James's Church, in Tanbridge, Surrey, by whom she had an illegitimate child.

Christening of Henry Wriothesley

On 24 Apr 1545 Henry Wriothesley, the future 2nd Earl Southamption, was christened at St Andrew's Church, Holborn. His godparents were Henry VIII (53), Henry's daughter [his daughter] Mary Tudor (29) and Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk (61).

On 21 May 1545 Robert Townshend -1556 was knighted by Henry VIII (53) at Hampton Court Palace.

In Aug 1545 Henry VIII (54) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

Henry VIII Revises his Will

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII (55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as [his son] Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9), [his daughter] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (30) and [his daughter] Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (13).
The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (46), Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury 1489-1556 (57), Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (45), John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland 1504-1553 (42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1501-1570 (45), Edward Montagu 1485-1557 (61), Edward North 1st Baron North 1496-1564 (50), William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (40), William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 (63), John Russell 1st Earl Bedford 1485-1555 (61), Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 (46), Cuthbert Tunstall Bishop of Durham 1474-1559 (72) and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton 1505-1550 (41).

In 1549 Unknown Artist. Flemish. Portrait of William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert 1506-1563 (43).

Around 1576 Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Death of Henry VIII

On 28 Jan 1547 Henry VIII (55) died at Whitehall Palace. His son [his son] Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9) succeeded VI King England and Ireland: Tudor.

Funeral of King Henry VIII

On 16 Feb 1547 Henry VIII was buried in the Henry VIII Vault, Quire, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. John Gage Lord Chamberlain 1479-1556 (67) attended.

On 16 Feb 1547 Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton 1505-1550 (41) was created 1st Earl of Southampton (2C 1547) in accordance with Henry VIII 's will for which he was nominated executor.Jane Cheney Countess Southampton by marriage Countess of Southampton (2C 1547).

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 [his daughter] Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate, which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the [his daughter] Lady Elizabeth (19), and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56), and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80), who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26), son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70), deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56). They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 August. 30 Aug 1654. Taking leave of my friends, who had now feasted me more than a month, I, with my wife (19), etc., set our faces toward home, and got this evening to Peterborough, passing by a stately palace (Thorpe) of St. John's (one deep in the blood of our good king), built out of the ruins of the Bishop's palace and cloister. The church is exceeding fair, full of. Monuments of great antiquity. Here lies Queen Catherine, the unhappy wife of Henry VIII, and the no less unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots. On the steeple, we viewed the fens of Lincolnshire, now much inclosed and drained with infinite expense, and by many sluices, cuts, mounds, and ingenious mills, and the like inventions; at which the city and country about it consisting of a poor and very lazy sort of people, were much displeased.
Peterborough is a handsome town, and hath another well-built church.

A History of the County of Leicestershire: Volume 5 Gartree Hundred: Horninghold. Horninghold lies seven miles north-east of Market Harborough and four miles south-west of Uppingham. The parish, which is 1,217 a. in area, extends over the Middle Lias clays which underlie the hills on the borders of Rutland. The soil is chiefly clay and largely devoted to pasture. The road from Hallaton to Uppingham, on which the village stands, crosses the parish from west to east; it is joined at the east end of the village by a road from Great Easton. There are two field tracks, one to Blaston, and one which crosses the road from Hallaton to Allexton and continues to Keythorpe.
Before the Conquest Horninghold was one of a group of estates apparently held by four thegns, Osulf, Osmund, Roulf, and Levrick. In 1086 the vill was said to be held by Robert de Todeni, lord of Belvoir, though it may have been given before this date to Robert's priory of Belvoir, which had been founded in 1076. At the beginning of the 12th century it was farmed by William D'Aubigny. Horninghold formed part of the original endowment of the priory and remained in its possession until the Dissolution. It was confirmed to the priory at various times during the Middle Ages.
At the Dissolution the manor passed to the Crown, and in 1545 Henry VIII licensed Edward Elrington and Humphrey Metcalfe, to whom he had previously sold it, to alienate the manor and the rest of the former priory's property in the parish to John Beaumont and Henry Alycock. There was a lease of the manor outstanding for 41 years from 1531 which had been made by Belvoir Priory to Anthony Bewell, the priory's bailiff. On Beaumont's forfeiture the manor once more passed to the Crown, and in 1553 it was purchased for £566 by Edward Griffin, the Attorney-General, whose family owned the nearby manor of Gumley. In 1590 William Turpin of Knaptoft -1617, whose father had owned land in Horninghold, purchased the manor from Edward Griffin's heir. Turpin was knighted in 1603 and died in 1617; his widow held the manor until her death about the end of 1633, and was succeeded by her daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir John Pretyman of Loddington (64).
The estate was settled upon their eldest son John and his wife Margaret on their marriage in 1649. John Pretyman died in 1658 leaving his widow as owner of the estate, which she brought to her second husband Sir John Heath, the second son of Sir Robert Heath of Brasted Place (Kent) and M.P. for Clitheroe (Lancs.) from 1661 to 1679. She died in 1676 and the available evidence suggests that Horninghold manor did not descend to her daughter and heir. It appears to have been sold by Heath to Sir Edward Hungerford (43), who was in possession by 1676 and presented to the living. Thereafter the manorial descent is lost. Sir Edward Hungerford died in 1711, but it is by no means certain that he could or would have retained the manor of Horninghold for more than a few years, for his extravagance was notorious and he is said to have disposed of more than thirty manors during his lifetime.

Manners Augmented Arms. Manners Arms in chief England Henry IV Arms. The augmentation was granted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 at the time of his creation as Earl of Rutland in recognition of his descent in the maternal line from Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460.

Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 was appointed Knight of the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

John Carey 1491-1552 was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

William Carey 1500-1528 was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Thomas Heneage 1480-1553 was appointed Groom of the Stool to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Francis Knollys 1512-1596 was appointed Treasurer of the Royal Household to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Edward Neville 1471-1538 was appointed Keeper of the Sewer to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 was appointed Esquire to the Body to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Thomas Paston 1515-1550 was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Richard Jerningham -1526 was appointed Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Maternal Family Tree: Jeanne Sabran

Descendants Family Trees:

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

Edward IV King England 1442-1483

Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 3 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England

GrandFather: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367

Great x 4 GrandFather: Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gwerfyl verch Madog Hendwr 1285-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas ap Llywelyn 1299-1343 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 4 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 7 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon 1313-1383 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala

GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms

Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 Roet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 Roet Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holand Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Holand Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms

Great GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1305-1380 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sibyl Pateshull Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1319-1374

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Clopton 1327-1377

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ivetta Grey 1340-1372 Grey Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Stourton 1290- 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms

Mother: Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 Daughter of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 York Arms

GrandFather: Edward IV King England 1442-1483 2 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England York Arms

Great GrandFather: Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 Great Grandson of King Edward III England York Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 Grandson of King Edward III England York Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 Son of King Edward III England York Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Ivrea Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Mortimer Countess Cambridge 1390-1411 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Mortimer Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March, 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 Great Grandson of King Edward III England Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 6 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Mortimer Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March, 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 Granddaughter of King Edward III England Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March, Countess Ulster 1370-1405 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holand Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Fitzalan Arms

Great GrandMother: Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Neville Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Neville Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Audley Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Percy Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Percy Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Clifford Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 Roet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 Roet Arms

GrandMother: Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Woodville Arms

Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 Woodville Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441 Woodville Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403 Woodville Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370- Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Beauchamp 1330-1396 Beauchamp Arms

Great GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 4 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 3 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 4 GrandFather: Guy Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol, I Count Ligny 1340-1371 8 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Chatillon 1335-1373 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis Count of Enghien -1394

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Baux Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422 Baux Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Nicholas Orsini Count 1331-1399 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Jeanne Sabran