Biography of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509
On 03 Jan 1437 Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (35) died. She had been married aged eighteen to Henry V King England 1386-1422 for two years three months. Their son was Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (15).
After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37), and have two sons, the elder of which was father Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married (he was her half third-cousin). The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.
On 15 Dec 1449 [his father] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (19) was created 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452) by his half-brother Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (28).
On 01 Nov 1455 [his father] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452).
On 03 Nov 1456 [his father] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (26) died of plague at Carmarthen Castle, Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, South West Wales leaving his twelve year old wife [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) pregnant with their child Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was born to [his father] the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) at Pembroke Castle.
On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (33) and [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (14) were married (he was her second-cousin) (probably) at Maxstoke Castle, Maxstoke. Her third marriage (second if you don't include the one annulled) aged fourteen and already the mother of the future King Henry VII. She had no further issue.
In 1471 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (13) fled to Brittany.
Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (37) and [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) were married (he was her third-cousin). Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) by marriage King Mann, Baron Stanley.
The History of King Richard the Third. King Edward of that name the Fourth (40), after he had lived fifty and three years, seven months, and six days, and thereof reigned two and twenty years, one month, and eight days, died at Westminster the ninth day of April, the year of our redemption, a thousand four hundred four score and three, leaving much fair issue, that is, Edward the Prince (12), thirteen years of age; Richard Duke of York (9), two years younger; [his wife] Elizabeth (17), whose fortune and grace was after to be queen, wife unto King Henry the Seventh (26), and mother unto the [his son] Eighth; Cecily (14) not so fortunate as fair; Brigette (2), who, representing the virtue of her whose name she bore, proFessed and observed a religious life in Dertford, a house of cloistered Nuns; Anne (7), who was after honorably married unto Thomas (10), then Lord Howard and after Earl of Surrey; and Katherine (3), who long time tossed in either fortune—sometime in wealth, often in adversity—at the last, if this be the last, for yet she lives, is by the goodness of her nephew, King Henry the Eighth, in very prosperous state, and worthy her birth and virtue.
In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part. He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded 8th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 9th Baron Stafford (1C 1299).
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (33) and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502 (31).
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late Duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.
On 25 Dec 1483 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (26) promised to marry [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (17) at a ceremony in Rennes Cathedral.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1485. This yeare was great death of the sicknesse called the sweatinge sicknesse; and the crosse in Cheepe new made; and a great taske and disme grawnted to the Kinge (27).
On 07 Aug 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) landed at Mill Bay, Milford Haven with John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43), Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35), John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (35), Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 all of whom were knighted.
On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England and Ireland: Tudor.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (2C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (2C 1295).
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.
On 16 Oct 1485 Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 was created 1st Earl Bath (1C 1486) at Tower of London by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) for having supported Henry' claim to the throne.
On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford (5C 1485) by his nephew Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford (5C 1485).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby (3C 1485).
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 was created 1st Earl Devon (3C 1485).
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewkenor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.
On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).
On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.
On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and [his wife] Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey.
Around Apr 1486 the Stafford and Lovell Rebellion was an armed uprising against Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29). With the failure of the plot Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (30) fled to Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (39) in Flanders.
On 08 Jul 1486 Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (60) and Thomas Stafford -1486 was executed at Tyburn.
Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII. 10 Kal. Aug. Decree, at the petition of king Henry (29) and [his wife] queen Elizabeth (20), that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola (7), Apostolic Nuncio with the power of a legate de latere, in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop (7). The Pope (54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:
Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486, after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [16 Jan 1486], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London, before James, bishop of Imola (7), apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (51), Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis, I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (29), and Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (20), eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV, who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (51).
The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:
(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14, in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (56), chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (54), and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer, notary public below-written, the said king (29), present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis, I.U.D., and Robert Morton (51), master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer, clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;
(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (56), John lord de Wellys (36), Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer, the above lady Elizabeth (20), present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;
(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola (7), apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (29), by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (20), eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.
On 20 Sep 1486 [his son] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (20) at Winchester Cathedral Priory, Winchester.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1487. This yeare the [his wife] Queene (20) was crowned. Note. See Coronation of Elizabeth of York
The Earle of Lincolne, the Lord Lovell, and one Martin Swarte, a staraunger, slayne all in a feild that they made againste the Kinge (29).
In 1488 [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (44) was appointed Lady of the Garter by her son Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (30).
In 1489 Parliament granted Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (31) £10,000 taxes to pay for his support of Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France 1477-1514 (11) 's claim to the throne of Brittany. The North rebelled claiming to have already paid through local taxes.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1489. This yeare the Kinge (31) sent manye knightes with seaven thowsand men into Brytane.
Th' Earle of Northumberlande slayne (40) in the Northe. See Yorkshire Rebellion
A capp of mayntenance brought from Rome to the Kinge (31).
On 28 Nov 1489 [his daughter] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (23) at Westminster Palace.
In Dec 1489 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (11) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 were married (he was her third-cousin). Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 by marriage Duchess of Buckingham (1C 1444). The executors of her father Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489, who had been hanged by rebels during the Northern Rebellion earlier in the year, having paid Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) £4000 for the privilege. His father, Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483, had been hanged for treason in 1483.
On 27 Feb 1490 [his son] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created Prince Wales at Westminster Palace.
Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (33) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1491. This yeare, June, [his son] King Henrie the Eight was borne at Greenewich, which was second sonne to King Henry the Vllth (33), named Duke of Yorke. Sir Robert Chamberlayne (53) beheaded. A conduict begon at Christ Churche. Note. Christ Churche is believed to be a typo for Grace Church.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry, seconde sonne to y kyng (34), whiche was created duke of Yorke, and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (45) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17), accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (45) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke, sonne to her brother kyng Edward, whiche was called Richard, kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.
On 28 Jun 1491 [his son] Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia. He was created as Duke Cornwall.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1492. This yeare the Kinge (34) went to Calis with a great armie againste France, but the peace was made without battell. The Queenes mother (55) deceased, and the Lowers [sic:Towers] set upon Guylde Hall.
On 14 Sep 1495 [his daughter] Elizabeth Tudor 1492-1495 (3) died.
On 21 Dec 1495 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (64) died at Thornbury Manor without legitimate issue. He had been half-brother to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and uncle to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38) for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth and Battle of Stoke Field. He had lived in Brittany and France during the years when the House of York occupied the throne. He enjoyed the last ten years of his life as Duke Bedford. He had married Catherine Woodville (37) in November 1485, after the Battle of Bosworth. A somewhat curious choice she being the sister of the former queen Elizabeth Woodville. His name, Jasper, an enigma. It apparently means "Keeper of the Treasure" - it isn't clear what treasure is being referred to although there is speculation as to whether his and his brother [his father] Edmund's father was Owen Tudor 1400-1461.
On 18 Mar 1496 [his daughter] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (39) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (30).
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1498. This yeare was Blackheath feild in June. The Lord Awdley chiefe capteyn with 30,000 Cornishe men. The capteynes put to death, and in August Perkin Warbeck (24) landed in Cornwale, and by pursuit fledd to Bowdley St. Marie , but by appoyntment he came to the Kinge (40), followinge the Courte. See Battle of Blackheath aka Cornish Rebellion.
Around 1498 [his son] Edward Tudor 1498-1499 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (40) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (31). He is sometimes confused with his brother Edmund.
On 09 Feb 1498 John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (48) died in London.
His will reads ...
In the name of oure Lorde Jeshu, Amen. I, John, Viscounte lorde Wellis (48), uncle to the Kynge (41), oure soveraigne lorde, and brodre to the right noble prynces, [his mother] Margaret, countes of Richemond (54), naturall and dere modre to oure said soveregne lord, beyng of goode and hole memory, ye viij daie of February, the yere of oure Lorde God 1498, and in the xiiij yere of the regne of our saide soverayne lorde, make this my testament. My bodie to be buried in suche place as [to] the kynge (41), the [his wife] quene (31), my lady, his moder (54), and my lady, my wife (28), shalbe thought, most convenyent, and the costis and charge of the same burying, the obsequyes, masses, funeralles and all oder thynges therto convenyent and necessarie. And also I remyt the makyng of my tumbe to the ordre and discrecionn of my saide soverayne lady the quene (31), my lady his modre, and my wife. And after these charges and costis aforesaid had and done, I will that all the dettis nowe by me dewe or to be dewe be treuly contented and paied. And I will that to the honour of Almighty God in the aulter afore which my bodie shall next lie my executors shall delyver a pair of candelstickes of silver, a masse booke covered with clothe of goolde, a chales of silver and gilte, a vestament of blewe velvet enbrodered with my armes, a pair of litle cruettes of silver and parcellis gilte, and a crosse of silver p[arcell] gilt, which 1 will do remayne there to serve Almyghty God with for ever and in noo oder place. Also I geve and bequethe to my dere beloved lady and wife Cecille (28), for terme of her life, all my castelles, manors, landes and tenements, aswell suche as I have purchased as all odre duryng only her life, whome I trust above all oder, that if my goodes and catallis wilnot suffice for the performance of this my laste will, that she will thenne of the revenues of the profittes of my inheritance perform this my laste will. Also I will that a preste be founde for ever after my said wifes decease to sey masse daily for my sowle and all Cristen sowles at the said aulter of the yerely revenues of my purchased landes, and over which my saide lady hath promysed me faithfully to purchase to the same entent if my saide purchased landes suffice not therto. And I will yt suche residue as shall fortune to be of my goodes that my saide dere beloved lady aud wife have theym to her owne use. And I make executors the saide Cecill (28), my dere beloved wife, and Sr Raynold Bray (58), knyght, and in my mooste humble wise beseche my said soverayne lorde the kyng and the quenes grace, my lady the kynges modre, to be supervisours.
On 21 Feb 1499 [his son] Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at the Palace of Placentia being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars. His godparents were [his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (21) andn Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been created 1st Duke Somerset (3C 1499) on the same day although there is no documentation. On 19 Jun 1500 he died at the Royal Palace, Hatfield; possibly of plague of which an outbreak was occuring. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
In Jun 1499 [his son] Edward Tudor 1498-1499 (1) died.
On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill.
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry [his son] Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end. .
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1500. This yeare the Kinge (42) buylded new his manner at Sheene, and chaunged the name and named it Eichmonde;^ and buylded new his place called the Baynards Castle, in London; and repayred his place in Greenewich, with muche new buyldinge.
Around 1502 William Pole 1478-1539 (24) was imprisoned for allegedly plotting against King Henry VII (44) with his brothers Edmund (31) and Richard (22), who fled the country in 1501, after their conspiracy was detected. William Pole 1478-1539 (24) remained in prison for thrity-seven years, dying in 1539.
On 02 Apr 1502 [his son] Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (15) died at Ludlow Castle, Ludlow. See Death of Prince Arthur. The cause of death unknown other than being reported as "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". Catherine of Aragon (16) had recovered.
On 02 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (47) conFessd to the murder of the Princes in the Tower at Guildhall during the Trial of James Tyrrell attended by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (45) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36).
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1503. This yeare, in Februarie, died [his wife] Queene Elizabeth (36) at the Towre of London, lyeinge in childebedd of a daughter named [his daughter] Katherine (the 8th day after her birth), and was buried at Westminster; and on Passion Sundaye a peace made betwene the Emperoure (43) and the Kinge (45) duringe their lyves, solemnized upon a great oathe at the highe aulter in Paules queere. See Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort.
On 02 Feb 1503 [his daughter] Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (46) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) at the Tower of London.
On 10 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor 1503-1503 died.
On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36) died from childbirth. She was buried on 24 Feb 1503 in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1504. This yeare the Taylors sued to the Kinge (46) to be called Marchant Taylors. And this yeare was a great fier at the ende of London Bridge next to St. Magnus.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1509. This yeare, in Aprill, died King Henry the Vllth (51) at Richmond; and his [his son] Sonne King Henry the VIII (17) was proclaymed Kinge on St. Georges daye, in the same moneth. And in June follwinge the King (17) was married to Queene Katherin (23), late wife of his brother [his son] Prince Arthure, and were both crowned on Mid-sommer day. See Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the [his son] Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of [his daughter] Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".
On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (58) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (21) attended. The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:
Household of Mary Tudor:
[his daughter] Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13)
Catherine York 1479-1527 (29)
Elizabeth Stafford Viscountess Fitzwalter 1479-1532 (30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy 1444-1522 (65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel 1485-1552 (23)
Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516
Eleanor Pole 1462-
Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (33)
Jane Popincourt -1516
Alice Vaux -1543
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
Catherine of Aragon (23)
Agnes or Inez Vanegas
Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
[his mother] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (65)
Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" 1463-1538 (46)
Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1484-.
On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (48) and Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill for constructive treason for having carried out King Henry VII's rigorous and arbitrary system of taxation. The new King [his son] Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (19) attempting to distance himself from his father's policies.
On 16 Aug 1513 [his son] Henry VIII (22) fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs. Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (36), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (25). John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561 (18), William Compton 1482-1528 (31), John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (48) and William Hussey 1472-1531 (40) was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (56) and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (46) was created as Knight Banneret.
Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation. Queen Elizabeth (28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie.".
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge (22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it. With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange. She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter [his daughter] Mary Tudor. Margaret Clifford (22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls
By the Duke of Norfolke (25), in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Winchester (79), High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Northampton (50), in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Arundell (49), Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Shrewesburye (34), in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Darbye (52), in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Pembroke (61), in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Bedforde (35), in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Rutlande (35), in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Westmerlande (37), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde (46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Northumberlande (34), in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike (32), a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke. Delivered to the Lady Cobham (23).
By the Viscounte Mountague, in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
Bishops. The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury (57), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.
By the Archbusshop of York (61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme (42), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely (69), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London (43), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury (39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Worcester (43), in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln (42), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester (64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich (50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde (52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester (48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies (55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses
By the Duchess of Norfolke (22), in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Duchess of Somerset (65), in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Countess of Surrey, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Countess of Pembroke (38), in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Bedford (36), in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Darby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Oxford (36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury (37), in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon (24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Northumberland (24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Rutland (29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager (42), six hankercheffes edged with gold delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Vicountess Mountague, in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Bacon (51), in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d
By the Lorde Pagett (56), in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Clynton, Lord Admyrall (50), in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Riche (65), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde North (66), in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Lumley (29), in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Hastings of Loughboro (41), in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Stafford (60), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor (30), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By Lorde John Graye (38), a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt. Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate. Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530.
By the Lorde Barkeley (27), in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Mountejoye (29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Abergavennye (36), in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Scrowpe (28), in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon (35), in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Strainge (30), in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.
By the Lorde Darcey of Chichey, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shefild (24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shandowes, in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Howarde (47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton (35), a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Lady Pagett, in gold £6 13s 4d.
By the Lady Barkeley (24), Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Mountejoye (30), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Taylboyes, Sir Peter Carewe's (48) wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham (23), a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke. Re-delivered to herself.
By the Lady Dakers (21), a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shefilde (20), a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Scrope, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes (38), a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham
By the Lady Knowlles (38), a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk. Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d. With her said Majestie. Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
By the Lady Raclyef, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags. Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
Original Letters Illustrative of English History Second Series Volume III. Ellis notes that "the present narrative is from the Lansdowne MS. 51. art. 46. It is indorsed in Lord Burghley's hand, "8 Feb. 1586. The Manner of the Q. of Scotts death at Fodrynghay, wr. by Ro. Wy.
A Reporte of the manner of the execution of the Sc. Q. performed the viijth. of February, Anno 1586 [modern dating 1587] in the great hall of Fotheringhay, with relacion of speeches uttered and accions happening in the said execution, from the delivery of the said Sc. Q. to Mr Thomas Androwes Esquire Sherife of the County of Northampton unto the end of said execution.
THE READER shall now be presented with the Execution of the Queen of Scots (44) which was to the Court or three Statements of this Transaction were There was a Short one copies of which are Manuscripts Jul F vi foll 246 266 b and b Another a Copy of the Account of the Earl to the Lords of the Council dated on the day is MS Calig C ix fol 163 And there is a Office somewhat longer said to have been drawn evidently one of her servants present Narrative is from the Lansdowne MS in Lord Burghley s hand 8 Feb 1586 of Scotts death at Fodrynghay wr by Ro Wy Queen s death have been dressed up from writers but it is here given accurate and entire.
First, the said Scottish Queen, being carried by two of Sir Amias Paulett's (54) gentlemen, and the Sheriff (46) going before her, came most willingly out of her chamber into an entry next the Hall, at which place the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), commissioners for the execution, with the two governors of her person, and divers knights and gentlemen did meet her, where they found one of the Scottish Queen's servants, named Melvin [NOTE. Possibly Andrew Melville of Garvock Steward], kneeling on his knees, who uttered these words with tears to the Queen of Scots (44), his mistress, "Madam, it will be the sorrowfullest message that ever I carried, when I shall report that my Queen (44) and dear mistress is dead." Then the Queen of Scots, shedding tears, answered him, "You ought to rejoice rather than weep for that the end of Mary Stuart's (44) troubles is now come. Thou knowest, Melvin, that all this world is but vanity, and full of troubles and sorrows; carry this message from me, and tell my friends that I die a true woman to my religion, and like a true Scottish woman and a true Frenchwoman. But God forgive them that have long desired my end; and He that is the true Judge of all secret thoughts knoweth my mind, how that it ever hath been my desire to have Scotland and England united together. Commend me to my son, and tell him that I have not done anything that may prejudice his kingdom of Scotland; and so, good Melvin, farewell;" and kissing him, she bade him pray for her.
Then she (44) turned to the Lords and told them that she had certain requests to make unto them. One was for a sum of money, which she said Sir Amyas Paulet (54) knew of, to be paid to one Curle her servant; next, that all her poor servants might enjoy that quietly which by her Will and Testament she had given unto them; and lastly, that they might be all well entreated, and sent home safely and honestly into their countries. "And this I do conjure you, my Lords, to do."
Answer was made by Sir Amyas Paulet (54), "I do well remember the money your Grace speaketh of, and your Grace need not to make any doubt of the not performance of your requests, for I do surely think they shall be granted."
"I have," said she, "one other request to make unto you, my Lords, that you will suffer my poor servants to be present about me, at my death, that they may report when they come into their countries how I died a true woman to my religion."
Then the Earl of Kent (46), one of the commissioners, answered, "Madam, it cannot well be granted, for that it is feared lest some of them would with speeches both trouble and grieve your Grace, and disquiet the company, of which we have had already some experience, or seek to wipe their napkins in some of your blood, which were not convenient." "My Lord," said the Queen of Scots, "I will give my word and promise for them that they shall not do any such thing as your Lordship has named. Alas! poor souls, it would do them good to bid me farewell. And I hope your Mistress (53), being a maiden Queen, in regard of womanhood, will suffer me to have some of my own people about me at my death. And I know she hath not given you so straight a commission, but that you may grant me more than this, if I were a far meaner woman than I am." And then (seeming to be grieved) with some tears uttered these words: "You know that I am cousin to your Queen (53) [NOTE. They were first-cousin once-Removed], and descended from the blood of Henry the Seventh [NOTE. She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509], a married Queen of France [NOTE. She had married Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560], and the anointed Queen of Scotland."
Whereupon, after some consultation, they granted that she (44) might have some of her servants according to her Grace's request, and therefore desired her to make choice of half-a-dozen of her men and women: who presently said that of her men she would have Melvin, her apothecary, her surgeon, and one other old man beside; and of her women, those two that did use to lie in her chamber.
After this, she being supported by Sir Amias's (54) two gentlemen aforesaid, and Melvin carrying up her train, and also accompanied with the Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen aforenamed, the Sheriff (46) going before her, she passed out of the entry into the Great Hall, with her countenance careless, importing thereby rather mirth than mournful cheer, and so she willingly stepped up to the scaffold which was prepared for her in the Hall, being two feet high and twelve feet broad, with rails round about, hung and covered with black, with a low stool, long cushion, and block, covered with black also. Then, having the stool brought her, she sat her down; by her, on the right hand, sat the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), and on the left hand stood the Sheriff (46), and before her the two executioners; round about the rails stood Knights, Gentlemen, and others.
Then, silence being made, the Queen's Majesty's Commission for the execution of the Queen of Scots (44) was openly read by Mr. Beale, clerk of the Council (46); and these words pronounced by the Assembly, "God save the Queen." During the reading of which Commission the Queen of Scots (44) was silent, listening unto it with as small regard as if it had not concerned her at all; and with as cheerful a countenance as if it had been a pardon from her Majesty (53) for her life; using as much strangeness in word and deed as if she had never known any of the Assembly, or had been ignorant of the English language.
Then one Doctor Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough (42), standing directly before her, without the rail, bending his body with great reverence, began to utter this exhortation following: "Madam, the Queen's most excellent Majesty," &c, and iterating these words three or four times, she told him, "Mr. Dean (42), I am settled in the ancient Catholic Roman religion, and mind to spend my blood in defence of it." Then Mr. Dean (42) said: "Madam, change your opinion, and repent you of your former wickedness, and settle your faith only in Jesus Christ, by Him to be saved." Then she (44) answered again and again, "Mr. Dean (42), trouble not yourself any more, for I am settled and resolved in this my religion, and am purposed therein to die." Then the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), perceiving her (44) so obstinate, told her that since she would not hear the exhortation begun by Mr. Dean (42), "We will pray for your Grace, that it stand with God's will you may have your heart lightened, even at the last hour, with the true knowledge of God, and so die therein." Then she answered, "If you will pray for me, my Lords, I will thank you; but to join in prayer with you I will not, for that you and I are not of one religion."
Then the Lords called for Mr. Dean (42), who, kneeling on the scaffold stairs, began this prayer, "O most gracious God and merciful Father," &c, all the Assembly, saving the Queen of Scots (44) and her servants, saying after him. During the saying of which prayer, the Queen of Scots (44), sitting upon a stool, having about her neck an Agnus Dei, in her hand a crucifix, at her girdle a pair of beads with a golden cross at the end of them, a Latin book in her hand, began with tears and with loud and fast voice to pray in Latin; and in the midst of her prayers she slided off from her stool, and kneeling, said divers Latin prayers; and after the end of Mr. Dean's (42) prayer, she kneeling, prayed in English to this effect: "For Christ His afflicted Church, and for an end of their troubles; for her son; and for the Queen's Majesty (53), that she might prosper and serve God aright." She conFessed that she hoped to be saved "by and in the blood of Christ, at the foot of whose Crucifix she would shed her blood." Then said the Earl of Kent (46), "Madam, settle Christ Jesus in your heart, and leave those trumperies." Then she little regarding, or nothing at all, his good counsel, went forward with her prayers, desiring that "God would avert His wrath from this Island, and that He would give her grief and forgiveness for her sins." These, with other prayers she made in English, saying she forgave her enemies with all her heart that had long sought her blood, and desired God to convert them to the truth; and in the end of the prayer she desired all saints to make intercession for her to Jesus Christ, and so kissing the crucifix, and crossing of her also, said these words: "Even as Thy arms, O Jesus, were spread here upon the Cross, so receive me into Thy arms of mercy, and forgive me all my sins."
Her (44) prayer being ended, the executioners, kneeling, desired her Grace to forgive them her death; who answered, "I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles." Then they, with her two women, helping of her up, began to disrobe her of her apparel; she never changed her countenance, but with smiling cheer she uttered these words, "that she never had such grooms to make her unready, and that she never put off her clothes before such a company."
Then she (44), being stripped of all her apparel saving her petticoat and kirtle, her two women beholding her made great lamentation, and crying and crossing themselves prayed in Latin; she (44), turning herself to them, embracing them, said these words in French, "Ne criez vous; j'ay promis pour vous;" and so crossing and kissing them, bade them pray for her, and rejoice and not weep, for that now they should see an end of all their mistress's (44) troubles. Then she, with a smiling countenance, turning to her men servants, as Melvin and the rest, standing upon a bench nigh the scaffold, who sometime weeping, sometime crying out aloud, and continually crossing themselves, prayed in Latin, crossing them with her hand bade them farewell; and wishing them to pray for her even until the last hour.
This done, one of the women having a Corpus Christi cloth lapped up three-corner ways, kissing it, put it over the Queen of Scots' (44) face, and pinned it fast to the caul of her head. Then the two women departed from her, and she (44) kneeling down upon the cushion most resolutely, and without any token or fear of death, she spake aloud this Psalm in Latin, "In te, Domine, confido, non confundar in eternum," &c. [Ps. xxv.]. Then, groping for the block, she laid down her head, Putting her chin over the block with both her hands, which holding there, still had been cut off, had they not been espied. Then lying upon the block most quietly, and stretching out her arms, cried, "In manus tuas, Domine," &c, three or four times. Then she (44) lying very still on the block, one of the executioners holding of her slightly with one of his hands, she (44) endured two strokes of the other executioner with an axe, she making very small noise or none at all, and not stirring any part of her from the place where she lay; and so the executioner cut off her head, saving one little grisle, which being cut asunder, he lifted up her head to the view of all the assembly, and bade "God save the Queen." Then her dressing of lawn falling off from her head, it appeared as grey as one of threescore and ten years old, polled very short, her face in a moment being so much altered from the form she had when she was alive, as few could remember her by her dead face. Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off.
Then Mr. Dean (42) said with a loud voice, "So perish all the Queen's enemies;" and afterwards the Earl of Kent (46) came to the dead body, and standing over it, with a loud voice said, "Such end of all the Queen's and the Gospel's enemies."
Then one of the executioners pulling off her (44) garters, espied her little dog which was crept under her clothes, which could not be gotten forth but by force, yet afterward would not depart from the dead corpse, but came and lay between her head and her shoulders, which being imbrued with her blood, was carried away and washed, as all things else were that had any blood was either burned or clean washed; and the executioners sent away with money for their fees, not having any one thing that belonged unto her. And so, every man being commanded out of the Hall, except the Sheriff (46) and his men, she was carried by them up into a great chamber lying ready for the surgeons to embalm her.
On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond around three in the morning.
Her first-cousin twice-removed James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of [his daughter] Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. In this very ceason Charles the Freeh kyng, receaued lady Anne as his pupille into his hades, & with great solempnite her espoused, hauing with her for her dower the whole countrey of Briteyne. And so by this meatie the Brytones became subiect to the French kyng. Maximilia. beyng certefied of this, fell into a great rage and agony, for y he was not cotent with the forsaking and refusing of his daughter lady Margaret, but also had take & rauished away from him his assured wife lady Anne duches of Britayne. And calling vpon God for vengeaunce & ponishmet for such an heynous & execrable facte, cryed out & rayled on him, wishynge him a thousand deathes. Yet after that he was pacefied, and came to hym selfe agayne, and had gathered hys wyttes together, he thought it was moost expedient to vindicate and reuenge hys honour and digniteeso manifestly touched, with the dynt of sworde. And beyng in this mynde, sent certain Ambassadours to kyng Henry with hys lettres, desyringe him with all diligence to prepare an army, and he hym selfe woulde do likewise, to inuade the Frenche kynges realmes with fyer, swoord and blood.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. Kynge Henry hearyng of this, and putting no diffidence in the promes of Maximilian, whome he knew to haue a deadly hatred and loge grudge agaynst the French kyng, caused a muster to be made in all the partes of hys realme, and put hys men of warre in a redynes armed & weaponed accordyng to their feates: besyde thys he rygged, maned and vyteiled his nauy ready to set forward euery houre, and sent curryers into euery shyre to accelerate and hast the souldiers to the sea side. After the message was declared, there came without any delai an houge army of men, aswell of the lowe sorte and commonaltie as other noble men, harnyssed and armed to battaile, partely glad to helpe their price and to do him seruice and partely to buckle with the Frenchmen, with whome the Englishmen very willingly desyre to cope and fight in ope battail. And immediatly, as monicion was geuen, euery man with hys bande of souldionres repayred to London.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. After that, all this army was arrayed and euen readie to set forward wherof were cheuetaynes and leaders, Jasper duke of Bedford, & Iho erle of Oxforde beside other the kynge sent Christopher Vrswikehys aulmoner, and syr Ihon Ryseley knyght to Maximilia, to certefie him that the kyng was all in a redines, and woulde shortely arryue in the continent land, assoneas he were aduertised that Maximilian and hys men, were ready and prepared to ioyne with hym. The Ambassadours sayled into Flaunders, and after their message done, they sent. ii. letters in all hast to kyng Henry, the whiche not onely sore vnquyeted & vexed hym, but also caused him to take more thought, care and study on hym then he did before: for they declared that no prince coulde be more vnprouided or more destitute of men and armure, no more lackynge all thynges, apperteignynge to warre then was Maximilian, and that he lave lackynge in a corner, sore sicke of the fluxe of y pursse, so that he had neyther men, horsses, municions, armure nor money, neuer the lesse his mynd & will was good, if his power and habilite had been correspodet & therfore there was no trust to be put in his aide or puissaunce. Their letters bothe appalled, and made sorowful the kyng of Englad, which like a prudent prince did well consider & ponder, y it were both ieopardous and costly, for him alone to enterprice so great a warre. And on y other parte, if he should desist and leaue of his pretensed purpose, all me might call hym cowarde and recreant prynce. Beside this, he thoughte that his awne nacion woulde not take his tarijng at home in good nor favourable part, cosideryng y syth they had geuen so large money for the preparacio of all thinges necessary and conueniet for the same, they might conceaue in their heddes & ymagin, that vnder coloure & pretece of a dissimuled warre he had exacted of the notable summes of money, & now the treasure was once payed, then y warre was done, & his cofers well enryched, & the commos enpouerisshed. So that at thys tyme he doubted & cast perels on euery side & parte, & beside this he was not a litle sory y Maximilia authour of this warre did absent him selfe, & defraude him of his societe & assistece. And while he studied & mused what counsaill he shoulde best take in suche a doubtfull and sodeyne case, he like a graue prince, remembring the saiyng of the wise man, woorke by counsayll & thou shall not repet the, assembled together all his lordes and other of his pri- uate counsayl, by whose myndes it was concluded and determined, that he shoulde manfully and couragiously perceauer and precede in thys broched and begonne enterprice, recordynge well with them selfes, and affirming playnely that all cheualry and marsial prowesses, the more difficile and heard that it is to attayne to, the more renoumed is the glory, and the fame more immortall of the vanquisher and obteyner. Therfore by this counsayl of his frendes and senate, he made Proclamacion that euery man should set forward into Fraunce, and yet not openynge howe ludasly Maximilian had deceaued hym, least that they know- ynge the whole fact, shoulde not be so courageous to go towarde that battaile and precede forward on their iorney. And therfore to prouide and forse all perels and daungiers that might accidently ensue, he so strengthened, multeplied and augmented his army in such numbre before he toke ship, that he with his awne powre might discourage and ouercomethe whole puihsauce of his aduersaries.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. When he had thus gathered and assembled his armye, he sayled to Caleys the. vi. daye of October, & there encaped him selfe, tariyng there a certaine space to se his men harnessed & appareled, that neither weapon nor any engyne necessary for his Journey should be neglected. At which place all the army had knowlegeby the Ambassadours, whiche were newly returned out of Flaunders (for they did not knowe of it before) y Maximilian coulde make no preparacio for lacke of money, & therfore there was no succour to be exspected at hys hand. At the which report, y Englishmen were nothing abashed nor dismayed, trusting so muche to their awne puissauce & copany: but yet they meruayled and wondered greatly y heard it related, y Maximilian receauyng such great vilany not loge before at the hand of kyng Charles, was not present to pricke them forward, to crye & call, to moue and excite the Englishmen, ye and if he had had. vi. hundred bodyes to put them all in hasard, rather then to leaue the Englishme, now setting vpon his dayly enemyes & deadly aduersaries. Albeit Maximilian lacked no hart & good will to be reuenged, yet he lacked substance to cotinew warre, for he could neither haue money nor men of the dronke Fleminges nor yet of the crakyng Brabanders, so vngrat people were they to their souereigne lorde.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. The kynge of Englande, maturely consideryng that Britayne was clerely lost, and in maner irrecuperable, beynge nowe adioyned too the croune of Fraunce by mariage, whiche duchy, hys whole mynde was to defende, protect and conferme, and that Maximilian what for lacke of money, and what for mistrust that he had in his awne subiectes, laye styll lyke a dormouse nothynge doynge, perceauynge also that it should be bothe to his people profitable, and to hym greate honour to determyn this warre without losse or bloodshed, appoynted for commissioners the bishop of Exceter, & Gyles lord Dawbeney to passe the seas to Caleys, to comen with the lorde Cordes of articles of peace to be agreed vpon-and concluded.
When the commissioners were once met, they so ingeniously and effecteously proceded in, their great affaires, that they agreed that an amytie and peace should be assented to and concluded, so that the condicions of the league should be egall, indifferent and acceptable to bothe partes as after shalbe declared.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. While the commissioners were thus consultinge on the marches of Fraunce, the kynge of Englande, as you haue heard, was arryued at Caleys, where he prepared all thinges necessary for such a journey. And from thence he remoued in. iiii. battailes, nereto the toune of Boleyne, and there pytched hys tentes before the toune, in a place propice and coueniet and detErmined to gene a great assaute to the toune. In y which fortresse was such a garrison of Warlike souldioures, that valiauntly defended the toune, and the same so replenyshed with artillary, and municions of warre, that the losse of the Englishmen assautyng the toune, should be greater dammage to the realme of England, then the coqueryng and gaynyng of the same should be emolument or proffite. Howbeit the kynges daily shot, rased defaced the walles of the saide toune: but when euery man was prestand ready to geue the assaute, asodeyne rumoure roase in the army, that a peace was by the commissioners taken and concluded, , whiche brute as it was pleasaunt and mellifluous to the frechme, so it was to the English nacio bitter, sowre & dolorous because they were prestand ready at all tymes to set on their enemyes, and refused neuer to attempt any enterprice, whiche might seme either to be for their laude or profyt : thei were in great fumes, angry and euel content, rayling and murrmiringe emongest them selfes, that the occasion of so glorious a victory to them manifestly offerd, was by certain condicions to no man, nor yet to the kyng commodious or profitable, refused, putte by and shamefully slacked : But aboue all other dyuerse lordes and capitaynes, encoraged with desyre of fame & honour, trustyng in this iourney to haue wonne their spurres, whiche for to set themselfes and their band the more gorgeously forward had mutuate, and borowed dyuerse and sondry sumuies of money, and for the repayment of the same, had morgaged and impignorate thrir landes & possessions, sore grudged and lamented this sodeyne peace, and returne of them vnthought of, and spake largely agaynste the kynges doynges, saiynge and affirmyng, that he as a man fearyng and dreading y force and puyssaunce of his enemyes, had concluded an inconuenient peace without cause or reason : But the kynge as a wise man and moost prudent prince, to assuage the indignacion and pacefie the murmoure of $ people, declared what damage and detriment, what losse & perdicio of many nohle Capitaynes and stronge souldioures must of necessitee happen and ensue at the assaute of a toune, and especially when it is soo well fortefied with men and municions, as the toune of Boleyp at that present tyme was: protestyng farther, that he might be Justly accused & condempned of iniquite & vntruthe, except he did preferre the sauegard of their lyues, before hys awne wealth, health and aduauntage.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. When he had thus prudently cosolate and appeased the myndes of hys me of warrre, he returned backe agayn vf his whole army, to y toun of Caieys, where he beganne to smell certayn secret smoke, whiche was lyke to turn to a great flame, without it were well watched and polletiquely sene to. For by the crai'tie inuencion and deuelishe ymaginacid of that pesteferns serpent lady Margaret, duches of Burgoyne, a new ydoll was sett vp in Flaunders, and called Richard Plantagenet, secod sonne to kvng Edward the. iiii. as though he had bene resuscitate from death to lyfe, whiche sodeyne newes more stacke and fretted in his stomack, then the battaile which now was set late foiward & more payne he had (not without great jeopardie of him selte) toappeache & qutche this newe spronge conspiracy, then in makynge peace with the Frenche kyng his enemy. And so he was content to accept and reccaue (and not to offre and geue) the honest condicions of peace of his enemy proffred and oblated, except he woulde at one tyme make warre, be the at home in his owne countrey, and also inforeyne and externe nacions. Wherfore kynge Henry forseynge all these thinges before (and not without great counsayll) concluded with the French kyng, to thentet that he beyng deliuered of al outward enuytie mighte the more quickly prouide for the ciuyle and domestical comocions, which he perceaued well to be budding out. The conclusion of the peace was thus, y the peace should continue bothe their lyues, and that the Frenche kynge should pay to kynge Henry a certayne sumine of money in hand, accordyng as the commissioners shoulde appoynt for his charges susteyned in his iourney:.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. Whiche (as the kynge certefied the Mayre of London by hys letters the. ix. daye of Novembre) amounted to the summe of. vii.C.xlv.M. ducates, whiche is in sterlynge money. i.C. Ixxxvi.M.ii.C.I./, and also should yerely for a certayne space paye or cause to be paide for the money that the kynge of England had sent and expended in the tuycio & aide of the Britones. xxv.M. crounes, which yerely tribute, y Freeh kynge afterwarde vexed and troubled with the warres of Italy, ye rely satisfied, contented and payde, euen to the tyme of hys sonne kynge Henry the. viii. to thentent to pay the whole duetie and tribute, and for the further coseruacion and stablishyng of the league & amitie betwene bothe the realmes.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. Shortely after that kyng Henry had taryed a conuenient space, he transfreted and arryued at Douer, and so came to his maner of Grenewiche. And this was the yere of our lorde a. M.CCCC.xciii. and y. vii. yere of his troubleous reigne. Also in this soiournynge and be segynge of Boleyne (whiche \ve spake of before) there was few or none kylled, sauyng onely John Savage knyght, which goyng preuely out of hys pauylion with syr Ihon Hiseley, roade about the walles to viewe and se their strength, was sodeynly intercepted and taken of hys enemies. And he beyng inflamed withy re, although he were captyue, of his high courage disdeyned to be taken of suche vileynes, defended his life toy vttennost and was manfullv (I will notsaye wilfully) slayne and oppressed, albeit syr Ihon Riseley fled fro theim & escaped their daunger.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. When kynge Henry was returned into England, he first of all thinges elected into the societe of saynct George, vulgarely called the Order of the Garter, Alphose duke of Calabres sonne, accordyng to his deire whiche Alphonse was sonne and heyre to Ferdinand kyng of Naples,& after kyng of the same realme, til he was ouercome by kyng Charles. And after, the kyng sent Christopher Vrsewike, Ambassadour with y gartier, coller, mantell, and other habiliamentes apperteyninge to the companyons of the sayde noble ordre. Which Ambassadoure arryuing at Napels, deliuered to the duke the whole habile, with all the ceremonies and devre circumstaunces therunto belonging. Whiche duke very reuerently receaued it, and with more reuerence reuested him selfe w thesame in a solempne presence, thinkyng .that by this apparell and inuestittire, he was made a freride and compaygnion in ordre with j king of England, whose frendship obteyned, he feared nothing the assautes or inuasions of hys enemies. And this was the cause that he desyred so muche to be compaygnion of that noble order, fermely beleuyng that y kyng of England souereygne of that ordre, should be aider and mainteyner of hym agaynst the Frenche kyng, whome he knew woulde passe the moutaynes and make warre on hym. But this custome of assistece in ordres was, eyther neuer begonne, or before clerely abholished: For in our tyme there haue bene many noble men of Italy, compaignios as well of the golden Flese in Burgoyne, as of the ordre of sainct Mighel in Fraunce, that haue bene banyshed and profligate from their naturall countrey, and yet haue not bene aided by the souereigne nor copanyons of thesame order. For surely the statutes and ordinaunces of all thesayde orders dothe not oblige and bynde them to that case, but in certayne poyntes. After this the duke dimissed the Ambassadour, rewardyng hym moost pryncely.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. When this diabolicall duches had framed her cloth mete for y market, and ymagened that all thinges was ready and prepared for the confusion of kyng Henry, sodeynly she was enformed that the sayde kynge of England prepared a puissant army agaynste Charles the Frenche kyng. Then she considering the oportunitie of the tyme, as who would saye, a tyme wished and a daye desyred to achcue and brynge too passe her olde malicious and cantarde inuencions, which alwayes nothinge lesse mynded then peace and tranquilite, and nothing more desired then dissencion, ciuile warre and destruccion of kyng Henry. Wherefore she sent Perkyn Werbeck, her new inuented Mawmet first into Portyngall, and so craftely into the realm of Ireland, to thentent that he beynge bothe witty and wilye might moue, inuegle and prouoke the rude and rusticall Irishenacion (beyng more of nature euclyived to rebellion then to reasonable ordre) to a new conflict and a sedicious commocion. This worshipfull Perkyn, arriuyng in Ireland, whether it were more by hys crafty witte, or by the malicious and beastly exhortacion of the saltiage Irish gouernours, within short space entred so farre into their fauoures, and so seriously perswaded and allured them to his purpose, that the greatest lordes and princes of the coutry, adhibited such faith and credite to his woordes, as that thing had bene true in dede, whiche he vntruly with false demonstracions setfoorth and diuulged. And as though he had bene the very sonne of kynge Edwarde, they honoured, exalted and applauded hym with all reuerence and dewe honoure, promising to hym aide, comforte and assistence of all thinges to the feat of warre, necessary and apperteynyng.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. In the meane ceason these newes were related to Charles the Freeh kyng, then beyng in displeasure with kyng Henry, which without delay sent for Perkyn into Irelande to the entent to sende hytn agaynste the kynge of England, whiche was inuadyng France (as you before haue heard). This Flemyng Perkyn was not a litle joyfull of thys message, thinkinge by this onely request to be exalted into heauen, when he was called to the familiarite and acquayntaunce of kynges and prynces: & so with all diligence sayled into Fraunce, with a very small nauy, not so small as smally furnished. And commynge to the kynges presence was of hyin royally accepted, and after a princely fassion entreteyned, & had a garde to hym assigned, wherof was gouernour y lord Cogreshal. And to hym at Parys resorted syr George Neuell bastard, Syr IhonTayler, Rouland Robynson and an hundred Englishe rebelles. But after that a peace, as before is sayde was appoynted and concluded betwixt him and the kynge of England, the ayde kynge Charles dismissed the younge man, and woulde no lenger kepe hym. But some men saye whiche were there attendynge on hym, that he fearynge that kyng Charles, woulde deliuer hym to the kynge of Englande, beguyled the lord Congreshall, andi fledde awaye from Parys by nyght. But whether he departed without the Frenche kynges consent or disassent, he deceaned in his expectation, and in maner in despayre, returned agayn to the lady Margaret his first foolishe foundacion.
Hall's Chronicle Henry VII 7th Year Aug 1491 - Jul 1492. The duches thinkynge euery houre from his departure a whole yere, vntill suche tyme she. heard from hym, and efiecteously desiring to knowe whiche waye lady Fortune turned her whele, herynge hym to be repudiate and abiected oute of the Frenche courte, was in a greate agony and muche amased and more appalled: But when she was asserteyned of hys arryuall in Flaunders, she nolesse reuiued, then he that bathe in steade of the sworde of execucion, a perdon and restauracion of hys lyfe and degree to hym delyuered and shewed. And at hys commynge to her presence, she receaued hym wyth suche gladnes, with suche reioysyng and suche comforte (as in dede she coulde dissemble alone aboue all other) as though she had neuer sene nor knowe him before, or as he were newly cropen oute of hys mothers lappe agayne, that what in trust to preferre hyrn to the prehemynence by her ymagened, and what for the hope that she had to destroye kynge Henry, she fell into suche an vnmeasurable ioye, that she had almost lost her wytte and senses. And that thys her gladnes mighte be notified and made apparauntto euery man, she first reioyced of her nephewes health and welfare: And secondarely she much thrusted and sore longed, not once, but dyuerse and sundry tymes in open audience, and in solempne presence to here hym declare and shewe by what meanes he was preserued from deathe and destruction, and in what countreys he had wandered and'soughte frendshippe: And finally, by what chaunce of fortune he came to her courte and presence. To the entent that by the open declaracion of these feyned phantasies, the people myghte be persuaded to geue credite and belefe, that he was the true begotten sonne of her brother kynge Edwarde. And after thys she assigned hym a garde of thirty persones in Murrey. and blewe, and highly honoured hym as a greate estate and called i hym the whyte Rose, prynce of Englande.
My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. There are many features of interest in the old house. In the Great Hall there is a blocked-up entrance to an underground passage through which despatches were carried in the Civil War ; and there is a hiding-place large enough to hold twenty people. Henry VII slept at Deene, when as Earl of Richmond he rode to Bosworth Field ; the room is known as " the King's Room," and the Royal arms are sculptured over the fireplace. The Tapestry Room has a fine ceiling, and is the room always reserved for Royal guests, the last visitors who occupied it being the sons of the Infanta Eulalia, Don Alphonso and his brother, who stayed at Deene in 1907. They both thoroughly enjoyed the shooting, and used to telegraph the bags to King Alfonso, who wired that he was not having anything like such good sport !.
Paternal Family Tree: Tudor
Descendants Family Trees:
King Edward III England
John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399
Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509
Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403
Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132
Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of King Edward III England
Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180
Kings France: Great Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422
Father: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 2 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367
Great x 3 GrandFather: Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331
Great x 4 GrandFather: Tudur "Hen aka Elder" Tudor 1268-1311
Great x 3 GrandMother: Gwerfyl verch Madog Hendwr 1285-
Great x 4 GrandFather: Madog ab Iorwerth Hendwr 1260-1321
Great x 2 GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas ap Llywelyn 1299-1343 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 4 GrandFather: Llewelyn ap Owen 1270-1309
Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Bar -1332 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
GrandMother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms
Great GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 4 x Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France 1293-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 7 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 4 GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 6 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Přemyslid Queen Bohemia 1292-1330
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 4 GrandMother: Mary Hainault Duchess Bourbon 1280-1354 4 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon 1313-1383 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Valois Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon Count Valois 1293-1358 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica Holy Roman Empress
Great x 3 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 4 GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337
Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Capet 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms
Great x 2 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381
Great x 3 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385
Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephano Visconti 1287-1327
Great x 4 GrandMother: Valentina Doria
Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala
Mother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms
GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms
Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of King Edward III England Beaufort Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England Plantagenet Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Capet Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Hainault Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Valois Arms
Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 Roet Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 Roet Arms
Great GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holand Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Holand Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328 Holand Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Zouche Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Plantagenet Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Wake Arms
Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Fitzalan Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Fitzalan Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel Warenne Arms
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 Chaworth Arms
GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Beauchamp Arms
Great GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1305-1380 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Beauchamp Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 Beauchamp Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Tosny 1238- 3 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England
Great x 3 GrandMother: Sibyl Pateshull Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1319-1374
Great x 4 GrandFather: John Pateshull 1292-1349
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Clopton 1327-1377
Great x 4 GrandFather: Walter Clopton 1298-1327
Great x 3 GrandMother: Ivetta Grey 1340-1372 Grey Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Grey 1280-1344 Grey Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Bayles
Great GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms
Great x 2 GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Stourton 1290- 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Stourton Arms
Great x 4 GrandFather: Ralph Stourton 1251-1291 Stourton Arms
Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Berkeley 1268-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216