Biography of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509
On 03 Jan 1437 Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (35) died. She had been married aged eighteen to Henry V King England 1386-1422 for two years three months. Their son was Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (15).
After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37), and have two sons, the elder of which was father Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (-21).
On 03 Nov 1456 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (26) died of plague at Carmarthen Castle, Carmarthen, Camarthenshire, South West Wales leaving his twelve year old wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) pregnant with their child Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (-1).
On 28 Jan 1457 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was born to the late Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) at Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire.
On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (33) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (14) were married (he was her second-cousin) (probably) at Maxstoke Castle, Maxstoke, Warwickshire. Her third marriage (second if you don't include the one annulled) aged fourteen and already the mother of the future King Henry VII. She had no further issue.
In Oct 1483 Buckingham's Rebellion was an attempt to replace Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) with Henry Tudor (26). Richard Haute -1487 took part.He escaped execution, and was subsequently pardoned.
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30) was attainted.
On 02 Nov 1483 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (29) was beheaded in Salisbury Marketplace for his part in the rebellion. His son Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (5) succeeded as 8th Earl Stafford (1C 1351), 9th Baron Stafford (1C 1299).
On 08 Nov 1483 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) was executed at Exeter Castle, Exeter, Devon.
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28) and Eleanor Bohun Countess Ormonde 1304-1363 escaped to Henry VII in Brittany. Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 took part.!The rebellion was suppressed by Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (33) and Robert Willoughby 1st Baron Willoughby Broke 1452-1502 (31).
On 04 Dec 1483 George Browne 1440-1483 (43) was beheaded at Tower Hill.
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement.Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.
On 25 Dec 1483 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (26) promised to marry Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (17) at a ceremony in Rennes Cathedral.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1485. This yeare was great death of the sicknesse called the sweatinge sicknesse; and the crosse in Cheepe new made; and a great taske and disme grawnted to the Kinge (27).
On 07 Aug 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) landed at Mill Bay, Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire with John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43), Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35), John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (35), Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 and Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 all of whom were knighted.
On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283), 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295). Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283), Baron Segrave (1C 1295).
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.
On 16 Oct 1485 Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 was created 1st Earl Bath (1C 1486) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) for having supported Henry' claim to the throne.
On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford (5C 1485) by his nephew Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford (5C 1485).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby (3C 1485).
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 was created 1st Earl Devon (3C 1485).
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewkenor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.
On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms (-2). Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).
On 30 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.
Around Apr 1486 the Stafford and Lovell Rebellion was an armed uprising against Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29).With the failure of the plot Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (30) fled to Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (39) in Flanders.
On 08 Jul 1486 Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (60) and Thomas Stafford -1486 was executed at Tyburn, Middlesex.
Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII.10 Kal. Aug. Decree, at the petition of king Henry (29) and queen Elizabeth (20), that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola (7), apostolic nuncio with the power of a legate de latere, in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop (7). The Pope (54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:
Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486, after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [16 Jan 1486], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London, before James, bishop of Imola (7), apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (51), Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis, I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (29), and Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (20), eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV, who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (51).
The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:
(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14, in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (56), chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (54), and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer, notary public below-written, the said king (29), present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis, I.U.D., and Robert Morton (51), master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer, clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;
(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (56), John lord de Wellys (36), Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer, the above lady Elizabeth (20), present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;
(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola (7), apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (29), by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (20), eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.
On 20 Sep 1486 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (29) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (20) at Winchester Cathedral Priory, Winchester, Hampshire.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1487. This yeare the Queene (20) was crowned. Note. See Coronation of Elizabeth of York
The Earle of Lincolne, he Lord Lovell, and one Martin Swarte, a staraunger, slayne all in a feild that they made againste the Kinge (29). Note. See Battle of Stoke Field.
In 1488 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (44) was appointed Lady of the Garter by her son Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (30).
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1489. This yeare the Kinge (31) sent manye knightes with seaven thowsand men into Brytane.
Th' Earle of Northumberlande slayne (40) in the Northe. See Yorkshire Rebellion
A capp of mayntenance brought from Rome to the Kinge (31).
In 1489 Parliament granted Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (31) £10,000 taxes to pay for his support of Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France 1477-1514 (11) 's claim to the throne of Brittany.The North rebelled claiming to have already paid through local taxes.
On 28 Nov 1489 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (23) at Westminster Palace, Westminster.
In Dec 1489 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (11) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 were married (he was her third-cousin). Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 by marriage Duchess Buckingham (1C 1444).The executors of her father Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489, who had been hanged by rebels during the Northern Rebellion earlier in the year, having paid Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) £4000 for the privilege.His father, Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483, had been hanged for treason in 1483.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1491. This yeare, June, King Henrie the Eight (-1) was borne at Greenewich, which was second sonne to King Henry the Vllth (33), named Duke of Yorke. Sir Robert Chamberlayne (53) beheaded. A conduict begon at Christ Churche. Note. Christ Churche is believed to be a typo for Grace Church.
In 1491. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. This yere was borne at Grenewiche lord Henry, seconde sonne to y kyng (33), whiche was created duke of Yorke, and after prynce of Wales, and in conclusion succeded his father in eroune and dignitee. Nowe let vs returne to the newe founde sonne of kynge Edwarde, coniured by mennespollicies from death to lyfe.
And first to declare hys lignage and beginning, yon must vnderstad that the duches of Burgoyne (44) so norished and brought vp in the sedicious andscelerate faccions of false contryuers & founders of discorde coulde never cease nor be in quyet (lyke a vyper that is ready to burste with superfluyte of poyson) except he should infest and vnguyet y king of England, for no desert or displeasure by hym to her committed, but onely because he was propagate ant! deseeded of the house of Lacastre, euer beyng aduerse & enemy to her lyne & lynage. For which only cause she compassed, ymagenedand inuented how to cast a scorpio in his bosome, and to infect his whole reahne with, a pestiferous discorde. To thentent that he beyng vanquyshed and brought to confusion, both the boylynge heate of her malicious harte mighte be fully saciated with hys innocent bloude, and also auauce and preferre some darlyng of her faccion to his Empire rule and dignitee. And principally remembring that the erie of Lyncoln, which was by her set foorth and al his copany had small fortune & worsse successe in their progression and enterprice, contrary to her hope and expectacion, she lyke a dogge reuertynge to her olde vomyte, beganne to deuyse & spynne a new w ebbe, lyke a spyder that dayly weaueth when hys calle is torne. And as the deuell prouydeth venemous sauce to corrupt banckettes, so for her purpose she espyed a certayne younge man of visage beutiful, of countenaunce demure, of wit subtile crafty and pregnant, called Peter Watbecke. And for his dastard cowardnes of the Englishmen, in derision called Perkyn Warbeck (17), accordyng to the duche phrase, whiche chauge the name of Peter to Perfcyn, to yogelinges of no strength nor courage for their timerous hartes and pusillanimitee : Whiehe yonge man traueyiyng many coun treys, coulde speake English and many other languages, & for his basenes of stocke and birthe was knowen of none almoost, and only for the gayne of hys liuyng from his childehoode was of necessitee, compelled to seke and frequet dyuerse realmes and regions. Therfore the duches (44) thinkyng to haue gotten God by the foote, whe she had the deuell by the tayle, & adjudging this youg man to be a mete organe to conuey her purpose, and one not vnlike to be'f duke of Yorke, sonne to her brother kyng Edward, whiche was called Richard, kept hym a certayne space with her preuely, and hym with such diligece instructed, bothe of the secretes and common affaires of the realrne of England, & of the lignage, dissent and ordre of the house of Yorke, that he like a good scholer not forgettyng his lesson coulde tell all that was taught him promptly without any difficultie or signe of any subornacion: and besides, he kept suche a princely countenaunce, and so countrefeate a maiestie royall, that all men in maner did fermely beleue that he was extracted of the noble house and familie of the dukes of Yorke. For surely it was a gift geuen to that noble progeny as of nature in the rootc plated that all the sequele of that lyne and stock did study and deuyse how to be equyualent in honoure and fame with their forefathers and noble predecessors.
On 28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (34) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (25) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent. He was created as Duke Cornwall.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1492. This yeare the Kinge (34) went to Calis with a great armie againste France, but the peace was made without battell. The Queenes mother (55) deceased, and the Lowers [sic:Towers] set upon Guylde Hall.
06 Oct 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. When he had thus gathered and assembled his armye, he (35) sayled to Caleys the. vi. daye of October, & there encaped him selfe, tariyng there a certaine space to se his men harnessed & appareled, that neither weapon nor any engyne necessary for his Journey should be neglected. At which place all the army had knowlegeby the Ambassadours, whiche were newly returned out of Flaunders (for they did not knowe of it before) y Maximilian coulde make no preparacio for lacke of money, & therfore there was no succour to be exspected at hys hand. At the which report, y Englishmen were nothing abashed nor dismayed, trusting so muche to their awne puissauce & copany: but yet they meruayled and wondered greatly y heard it related, y Maximilian receauyng such great vilany not loge before at the hand of kyng Charles, was not present to pricke them forward, to crye & call, to moue and excite the Englishmen, ye and if he had had. vi. hundred bodyes to put them all in hasard, rather then to leaue the Englishme, now setting vpon his dayly enemyes & deadly aduersaries. Albeit Maximilian lacked no hart & good will to be reuenged, yet he lacked substance to cotinew warre, for he could neither haue money nor men of the dronke Fleminges nor yet of the crakyng Brabanders, so vngrat people were they to their souereigne lorde.
After 06 Oct 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. When he had thus prudently cosolate and appeased the myndes of hys me of warrre, he (35) returned backe agayn vf his whole army, to y toun of Caieys, where he beganne to smell certayn secret smoke, whiche was lyke to turn to a great flame, without it were well watched and polletiquely sene to. For by the crai'tie inuencion and deuelishe ymaginacid of that pesteferns serpent Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (46)lady Margaret, duches of Burgoyne, a new ydoll was sett vp in Flaunders, and called Richard Plantagenet, secod sonne to kvng Edward the. iiii. as though he had bene resuscitate from death to lyfe, whiche sodeyne newes more stacke and fretted in his stomack, then the battaile which now was set late foiward & more payne he had (not without great jeopardie of him selte) toappeache & qutche this newe spronge conspiracy, then in makynge peace with the Frenche kyng his enemy. And so he was content to accept and reccaue (and not to offre and geue) the honest condicions of peace of his enemy proffred and oblated, except he woulde at one tyme make warre, be the at home in his owne countrey, and also inforeyne and externe nacions. Wherfore kynge Henry forseynge all these thinges before (and not without great counsayll) concluded with the French kyng, to thentet that he beyng deliuered of al outward enuytie mighte the more quickly prouide for the ciuyle and domestical comocions, which he perceaued well to be budding out. The conclusion of the peace was thus, y the peace should continue bothe their lyues, and that the Frenche kynge should pay to kynge Henry a certayne sumine of money in hand, accordyng as the commissioners shoulde appoynt for his charges susteyned in his iourney:.
After 06 Oct 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. The kynge of Englande (35), maturely consideryng that Britayne was clerely lost, and in maner irrecuperable, beynge nowe adioyned too the croune of Fraunce by mariage, whiche duchy, hys whole mynde was to defende, protect and conferme, and that Maximilian what for lacke of money, and what for mistrust that he had in his awne subiectes, laye styll lyke a dormouse nothynge doynge, perceauynge also that it should be bothe to his people profitable, and to hym greate honour to determyn this warre without losse or bloodshed, appoynted for commissioners the bishop of Exceter (40), & Gyles lord Dawbeney to passe the seas to Caleys, to comen with the lorde Cordes of articles of peace to be agreed vpon-and concluded.
When the commissioners were once met, they so ingeniously and effecteously proceded in, their great affaires, that they agreed that an amytie and peace should be assented to and concluded, so that the condicions of the league should be egall, indifferent and acceptable to bothe partes as after shalbe declared.
After 06 Oct 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. While the commissioners were thus consultinge on the marches of Fraunce, the kynge of Englande (35), as you haue heard, was arryued at Caleys, where he prepared all thinges necessary for such a journey. And from thence he remoued in. iiii. battailes, nereto the toune of Boleyne, and there pytched hys tentes before the toune, in a place propice and coueniet and determined to gene a great assaute to the toune. In y which fortresse was such a garrison of Warlike souldioures, that valiauntly defended the toune, and the same so replenyshed with artillary, and municions of warre, that the losse of the Englishmen assautyng the toune, should be greater dammage to the realme of England, then the coqueryng and gaynyng of the same should be emolument or proffite. Howbeit the kynges daily shot, rased defaced the walles of the saide toune: but when euery man was prestand ready to geue the assaute, asodeyne rumoure roase in the army, that a peace was by the commissioners taken and concluded, , whiche brute as it was pleasaunt and mellifluous to the frechme, so it was to the English nacio bitter, sowre & dolorous because they were prestand ready at all tymes to set on their enemyes, and refused neuer to attempt any enterprice, whiche might seme either to be for their laude or profyt : thei were in great fumes, angry and euel content, rayling and murrmiringe emongest them selfes, that the occasion of so glorious a victory to them manifestly offerd, was by certain condicions to no man, nor yet to the kyng commodious or profitable, refused, putte by and shamefully slacked : But aboue all other dyuerse lordes and capitaynes, encoraged with desyre of fame & honour, trustyng in this iourney to haue wonne their spurres, whiche for to set themselfes and their band the more gorgeously forward had mutuate, and borowed dyuerse and sondry sumuies of money, and for the repayment of the same, had morgaged and impignorate thrir landes & possessions, sore grudged and lamented this sodeyne peace, and returne of them vnthought of, and spake largely agaynste the kynges doynges, saiynge and affirmyng, that he as a man fearyng and dreading y force and puyssaunce of his enemyes, had concluded an inconuenient peace without cause or reason : But the kynge as a wise man and moost prudent prince, to assuage the indignacion and pacefie the murmoure of $ people, declared what damage and detriment, what losse & perdicio of many nohle Capitaynes and stronge souldioures must of necessitee happen and ensue at the assaute of a toune, and especially when it is soo well fortefied with men and municions, as the toune of Boleyp at that present tyme was: protestyng farther, that he might be Justly accused & condempned of iniquite & vntruthe, except he did preferre the sauegard of their lyues, before hys awne wealth, health and aduauntage.
04 Nov 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. Whiche (as the kynge (35) certefied the Mayre of London by hys letters the. ix. daye of Novembre) amounted to the summe of. vii.C.xlv.M. ducates, whiche is in sterlynge money. i.C. Ixxxvi.M.ii.C.I./, and also should yerely for a certayne space paye or cause to be paide for the money that the kynge of England had sent and expended in the tuycio & aide of the Britones. xxv.M. crounes, which yerely tribute, y Freeh kynge afterwarde vexed and troubled with the warres of Italy, ye rely satisfied, contented and payde, euen to the tyme of hys sonne kynge Henry the. viii. to thentent to pay the whole duetie and tribute, and for the further coseruacion and stablishyng of the league & amitie betwene bothe the realmes.
After 04 Nov 1492. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. Shortely after that kyng Henry (35) had taryed a conuenient space, he transfreted and arryued at Douer, and so came to his maner of Grenewiche. And this was the yere of our lorde a. M.CCCC.xciii. and y. vii. yere of his troubleous reigne. Also in this soiournynge and be segynge of Boleyne (whiche \ve spake of before) there was few or none kylled, sauyng onely John Savage knyght, which goyng preuely out of hys pauylion with syr Ihon Hiseley, roade about the walles to viewe and se their strength, was sodeynly intercepted and taken of hys enemies. And he beyng inflamed withy re, although he were captyue, of his high courage disdeyned to be taken of suche vileynes, defended his life toy vttennost and was manfullv (I will notsaye wilfully) slayne and oppressed, albeit syr Ihon Riseley fled fro theim & escaped their daunger.
In 1493. Hall's Chronicle Henry VII VII Year. When kynge Henry (35) was returned into England, he first of all thinges elected into the societe of saynct George, vulgarely called the Order of the Garter, Alphose duke of Calabres (44) sonne, accordyng to his deire whiche Alphonse was sonne and heyre to Ferdinand kyng of Naples (69),& after kyng of the same realme, til he was ouercome by kyng Charles.And after, the kyng sent Christopher Vrsewike (45), Ambassadour with y gartier, coller, mantell, and other habiliamentes apperteyninge to the companyons of the sayde noble ordre. Which Ambassadoure arryuing at Napels, deliuered to the duke the whole habile, with all the ceremonies and devre circumstaunces therunto belonging. Whiche duke very reuerently receaued it, and with more reuerence reuested him selfe w thesame in a solempne presence, thinkyng .that by this apparell and inuestittire, he was made a freride and compaygnion in ordre with j king of England, whose frendship obteyned, he feared nothing the assautes or inuasions of hys enemies. And this was the cause that he desyred so muche to be compaygnion of that noble order, fermely beleuyng that y kyng of England souereygne of that ordre, should be aider and mainteyner of hym agaynst the Frenche kyng, whome he knew woulde passe the moutaynes and make warre on hym. But this custome of assistece in ordres was, eyther neuer begonne, or before clerely abholished: For in our tyme there haue bene many noble men of Italy, compaignios as well of the golden Flese in Burgoyne, as of the ordre of sainct Mighel in Fraunce, that haue bene banyshed and profligate from their naturall countrey, and yet haue not bene aided by the souereigne nor copanyons of thesame order. For surely the statutes and ordinaunces of all thesayde orders dothe not oblige and bynde them to that case, but in certayne poyntes. After this the duke dimissed the Ambassadour, rewardyng hym moost pryncely.
On 21 Dec 1495 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (64) died at Thornbury Manor without legitimate issue. He had been half-brother to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and uncle to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38) for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth and Battle of Stoke Field. He had lived in Brittany and France during the years when the House of York occupied the throne. He enjoyed the last ten years of his life as Duke Bedford. He had married Catherine Woodville (37) in November 1485, after the Battle of Bosworth. A somewhat curious choice she being the sister of the former queen Elizabeth Woodville. His name, Jasper, an enigma. It apparently means "Keeper of the Treasure" - it isn't clear what treasure is being referred to although there is speculation as to whether his and his brother Edmund's father was Owen Tudor 1400-1461.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1498. This yeare was Blackheath feild in June. The Lord Awdley chiefe capteyn with 30,000 Cornishe men. The capteynes put to death, and in August Perkin Warbeck (24) landed in Cornwale, and by pursuit fledd to Bowdley St. Marie , but by appoyntment he came to the Kinge (40), followinge the Courte. See Battle of Blackheath aka Cornish Rebellion.
Around 1498 Edward Tudor 1498-1499 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (40) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (31). He is sometimes confused with his brother Edmund.
On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset 1499-1500 was born to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (33) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent.
On 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill, City of London.
Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's attempted escape with Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end..
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1500. This yeare the Kinge (42) buylded new his manner at Sheene, and chaunged the name and named it Eichmonde;^ and buylded new his place called the Baynards Castle, in London; and repayred his place in Greenewich, with muche new buyldinge.
Around 1502 William Pole 1478-1539 (24) was imprisoned for allegedly plotting against King Henry VII (44) with his brothers Edmund (31) and Richard (22), who fled the country in 1501, after their conspiracy was detected.William Pole 1478-1539 (24) remained in prison for thrity-seven years, dying in 1539.
On 02 May 1502 James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (47) conFessd to the murder of the Princes in the Tower at Guildhall, Cheapside, City of London during the Trial of James Tyrrell attended by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (45) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (36).
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1503. This yeare, in Februarie, died Queene Elizabeth (36) at the Towre of London, lyeinge in childebedd of a daughter named Katherine (-1) (the 8th day after her birth), and was buried at Westminster; and on Passion Sundaye a peace made betwene the Emperoure (43) and the Kinge (45) duringe their lyves, solemnized upon a great oathe at the highe aulter in Paules queere. See Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort.
On 11 Feb 1503 Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (37) died from childbirth (her birthday) nine days after giving birth to a daughter named Katherine (who had survived eight days) at Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1504. This yeare the Taylors sued to the Kinge (46) to be called Marchant Taylors. And this yeare was a great fier at the ende of London Bridge next to St. Magnus.
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VII. 1509. This yeare, in Aprill, died King Henry the Vllth (51) at Richmond; and his Sonne King Henry the VIII (17) was proclaymed Kinge on St. Georges daye, in the same moneth. And in June follwinge the King (17) was married to Queene Katherin (23), late wife of his brother Prince Arthure, and were both crowned on Mid-sommer day. See Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
Apr 1509. Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514.Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".
On 11 May 1509 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (58) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (21) attended.The ladies given mantelets and kerchiefs were as follows:
Household of Mary Tudor:
Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533 (13)
Catherine York 1479-1527 (29)
Elizabeth Stafford Viscountess Fitzwalter 1479-1532 (30). Possibly Margaret Whetehill.
Anne Percy 1444-1522 (65) or Anne Percy Countess Arundel 1485-1552 (23)
Elizabeth Hussey Countess Kent -1516
Eleanor Pole 1462-
Mary Scrope 1476-1548 (33)
Jane Popincourt -1516
Alice Vaux -1543
Household of the Princess of Wales Catherine of Aragon:
Catherine of Aragon (23)
Agnes or Inez Vanegas
Maria Salinas Baroness Willoughby Eresby
Household of Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother:
Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (65)
Joan Vaux "Mother Guildford" 1463-1538 (46)
Mary Hussey Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1484-.
On 29 Jun 1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery, Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask.The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale[Heraldic Badge], her heraldic badge, at her feet.
On 17 Aug 1510 Edmund Dudley 1462-1510 (48) and Richard Empson 1450-1510 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill, City of London for constructive treason for having carried out King Henry VII's rigorous and arbitrary system of taxation. The new King Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (19) attempting to distance himself from his father's policies.
On 16 Aug 1513 Henry VIII (22) fought at Thérouanne during the Battle of the Spurs. Henry's army included George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (45) (commanded), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (36), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham -1529, Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540, John Vere 15th Earl Oxford 1471-1540 (42) and Anthony Wingfield 1487-1552 (25). John "Tilbury Jack" Arundell 1495-1561 (18), William Compton 1482-1528 (31), John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (48) and William Hussey 1472-1531 (40) was knighted by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (56) and Andrew Windsor 1st Baron Windsor 1467-1543 (46) was created as Knight Banneret.
On 01 Jan 1562 the New Years Gift Giving was held. Those who gave gifts provide an interesting who's who of the Elizabethan Court soon after Elizabeth I's Coronation.Queen Elizabeth (28) was present since a number are described as "With the Qene her Majestie.".
For 'dimy' read 'demi' ie half-sovereigns.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge (22), a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it.With the Qene her Majestie. Note. Lady Margaret Strange married Henry Stanley Lord Strange (30) on 07 Feb 1555. In 1561 he had not succeeded to Earldom of Derby and was known by the courtesy title Lord Strange.She is listed first since she was one of the few remaining direct descendants of Henry VII, being a great-granddaughter by his daughter Mary Tudor. Margaret Clifford (22) was first in line to succeed in 1568 but died in 1596 before Elizabeth I.
Dukes, Marquises and Earls
By the Duke of Norfolke (25), in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Winchester (79), High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Marquis of Northampton (50), in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Arundell (49), Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Shrewesburye (34), in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Darbye (52), in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Pembroke (61), in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Bedforde (35), in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Rutlande (35), in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Westmerlande (37), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Oxforde (46), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £10 0s 0d.
By the Earle of Northumberlande (34), in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d. With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike (32), a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke.Delivered to the Lady Cobham (23).
By the Viscounte Mountague (33), in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
Bishops.The list of Bishops ends with "With her said Majestie"; unclear whether this refers to all the Bishops listed.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury (57), in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns £40 0s 0d.
By the Archbusshop of York (61), in soveraigns £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Duresme (42), in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Ely (69), in a red vellat purse, in angells £30 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Wynchester (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of London (43), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Salisbury (39), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Worcester (43), in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lyncoln (42), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chychester (64), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Norwich (50), in a blew silk purse £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Hereforde (52), in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry (48), in a red satten purse, in angells £13 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Rochester (48), in a red purse, in gold £13 6s 8d.
By the Busshop of Saint Davies (55), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
Duchesses and Countesses
By the Duchess of Norfolke (22), in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Duchess of Somerset (65), in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts £14 0s 0d. Probably the Dowager Duchess of Somerset since her husband Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset 1500-1552 had been executed in 1552, and their children disinherited as a result.
By the Countess of Surrey (-21), in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.Dowager since her husband Henry Howard 1516-1547, by courtesy Earl Surrey, had been executed in 1547.
By the Countess of Pembroke (38), in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells £15 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Bedford (36), in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Darby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Oxford (36), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes £12 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Shrewisbury (37), in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager (51), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Huntingdon (24), in a red purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Northumberland (24), in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Countess of Rutland (29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager (42), six hankercheffes edged with gold.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Vicountess Mountague (24), in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, Bacon (51), in a purse of silver knytt, in angells £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen (52), in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d
By the Lorde Pagett (56), in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Clynton, Lord Admyrall (50), in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Riche (65), in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde North (66), in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Lumley (29), in a paper, in angells £20 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Hastings of Loughboro (41), in a red silk purse, in French crowns £13 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Stafford (60), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Windsor (30), in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
By Lorde John Graye (38), a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt.Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq. Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate.Lord John Grey assumed to be a courtesy title his father being Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530.
By the Lorde Barkeley (27), in a red purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Mountejoye (29), in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Abergavennye (36), in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Scrowpe (28), in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon (35), in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts £13 6s 8d.
By the Lorde Strainge (30), in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d. Lord Strange being the courtesy title for the Earldom of Derby. He wouldn't inherit until 1572.
By the Lorde Darcey of Chichey, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shefild (24), in a red silk purse, in gold £10 0s 0d.
By the Lorde Shandowes, in a blak silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Howarde (47), in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton (35), a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham (23).
By the Lady Pagett, in gold £6 13s 4d.
By the Lady Barkeley (24), Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Mountejoye (30), in a red silk purse, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes £5 0s 0d.
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon (33), in a blak purse knytt, in angells £10 0s 0d.
By the Lady Taylboyes, Sir Peter Carewe's (48) wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes £10 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham (23), a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke.Re-delivered to herself.
By the Lady Dakers (21), a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim.With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shefilde (20), a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Scrope, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells £7 0s 0d. With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes (38), a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham
By the Lady Knowlles (38), a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk.Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns £6 0s 0d.With her said Majestie.Unclear as to who Lady Butler refers to.
By the Lady Raclyef, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags.Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
On 24 Mar 1603 Elizabeth I (69) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond, Surrey around three in the morning.
Her first-cousin twice-removed James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) succeeded as I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart. He was Elizabeth's second cousin being the son of Mary Queen of Scots who was the daughter of Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 who was the daughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.
Immediately following her death Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth 1560-1639 (43) started on horseback for Edinburgh to inform James VI King Scotland I King England Scotland and Ireland 1566-1625 (36) arriving at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood late on the 26 Mar 1603. His conduct met with general disapproval and merited censure as contrary to all decency, good manners and respect. George Carew -1612 and Thomas Lake 1561-1630 (41) were sent by the Council to formally inform James VI's death.
Paternal Family Tree: Tudor
Descendants Family Trees:
Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132
Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of King Edward III England
Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180
Kings France: Great Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422
Father: Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
GrandFather: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 2 GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367
Great x 3 GrandFather: Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331
Great x 3 GrandMother: Gwerfyl verch Madog Hendwr 1285-
Great x 2 GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas ap Llywelyn 1299-1343 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 7 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 6 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 5 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381
Great x 3 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385
Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala
Mother: Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England
GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 Great Grandson of King Edward III England
Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of King Edward III England
Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England
Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England
Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403
Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380
Great GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
GrandMother: Margaret Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1410-1482 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 3rd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1362-1413 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England
Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1361-1406 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England
Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Bletsoe 1305-1380 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England
Great x 3 GrandMother: Sibyl Pateshull Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1319-1374
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joanne Clopton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1352-1382
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Clopton 1327-1377
Great x 3 GrandMother: Ivetta Grey 1340-1372
Great GrandMother: Edith Stourton Baroness Beauchamp Bletsoe 1390-1441 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 2 GrandFather: John Stourton 1334- 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Stourton 1290- 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216