Biography of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475

1428 Siege of Orleans

1448 Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Before 1404 [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 and [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 were married.

In 1404 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 was born to [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (37) and [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (25).

Before 1407 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 were married.

In 1419 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (30) was created 1st Count Perche.

In 1421 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (32) was restored 4th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 6th Baron Montagu, 5th Baron Monthermer. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (17) by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).

After 1421 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Countess Perche.

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married. Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337).

Siege of Orleans

On 03 Nov 1428 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orleans. His daughter [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 7th Baron Montagu, 6th Baron Monthermer. On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage 7th Baron Montagu.

On 11 Nov 1430 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Countess Suffolk (3C 1385).

In 1432 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (28) was appointed Lady of the Garter.

On 18 Nov 1434 [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme. On 27 Apr 1437 [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme. Tomb of Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) and Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (55) in St Mary's Church, Ewelme.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row 1 2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (19); possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun, impaled 3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 impaled 5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?) 6 impaled 7 impaled
Bottom Row 1 quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died. 2 Unknown impaled 3 impaled 4 quartered 5 quartered 6 impaled 7 impaled . John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

On 27 Sep 1442 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 was born to [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (45) and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (38).

In 1444 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) was created 1st Marquess Suffolk (1C). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (40) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Around 07 Feb 1444 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married (he was her half third-cousin). The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1447 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke (6C 1447). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43) by marriage Countess Pembroke (6C 1447).

In 1448 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (51) was created 1st Duke Suffolk (1C 1448). Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44) by marriage Duchess Suffolk (1C 1448).

Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44).
After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed. Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded 16th Countess Warwick. Her husband Richard Neville (20) by marriage 16th Earl Warwick (1C 1088); the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker.
The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (42) who was married to Anne's (21) half-sister Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk (1C), 5th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385). Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Before Feb 1458 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her half third-cousin). Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

Detail of the North Side of the. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Arms from left to right ...
1 quarterd impaled Unknown
2 . Her third husband [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 quarted . Alice's son [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 . Alice's father [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 . Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 impaling probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 impaling . Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

Detail of the South Side of the. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. From left to right ...
1 impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents
2 impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 quartered
5 impaled
6
7
8 impaled signifying Alice's son [her son] John's marriage to Elizabeth of York sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

On 20 May 1475 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to detErmine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Chaucer

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Henry I King France 1008-1060

Ancestry

Father: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434

GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400

GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 6 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1254-1306

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Badlesmere Baroness Burghesh 1265-1306

Great x 4 GrandFather: Gunselin Badlesmere -1301

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Fitzbernard

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 1st Lord Verdun 1248-1309

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margery Bohun Lady Verdun 1251-1309

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349

GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great GrandFather: Simon Hanham