Biography of Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526

1464 Battle of Hexham

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1460 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 was born illegitimately to [his father] Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (23) and [his mother] Joan Hill 1412-1493 (48).

Battle of Hexham

On 15 May 1464 a Yorkist army commanded by John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 defeated a Lancastrian army commanded by [his father] Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) at Hexham during the Battle of Hexham.
Those fighting for York included John Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire 1427-1473 (36), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (36).
Of the Lancastrian army William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (49) fought. Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (33) and Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 (40) were both captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (28) was beheaded following the battle. His brother Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 succeeded 4th Duke Somerset (2C 1448).
On 18 May 1464 Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (33) was executed at Newcastle on Tyne.
Philip Wentworth 4th Baron Despencer 1424-1464 (40) was executed at Middleham. His son Henry Wentworth 5th Baron Despencer 1448-1501 (16) succeeded 5th Baron Despencer (5C 1387).

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36), John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46), George Browne 1440-1483 (31), Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38), James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471, Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed.
Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 were captured.
William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed.

On 02 Jun 1492 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (32) and [his wife] Elizabeth Herbert 3rd Baroness Herbert Raglan 1476-1507 (16) were married.

In 1493 [his mother] Joan Hill 1412-1493 (81) died.

Around 1496 [his son] Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 was born to [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (36) and [his wife] Elizabeth Herbert 3rd Baroness Herbert Raglan 1476-1507 (20).

In 1496 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (36) was appointed 249th Knight of the Garter by Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38)..

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1497 [his daughter] Mary Somerset Baroness Grey Wilton 1497- was born to [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (37) and [his wife] Elizabeth West 1487-1526 (10).

On Aug 1507 [his wife] Elizabeth Herbert 3rd Baroness Herbert Raglan 1476-1507 (31) died. She was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. [his son] Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (11) was succeeded as 4th Baron Herbert Raglan.

After Aug 1507 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 and [his wife] Elizabeth West 1487-1526 were married. The date most likely incorrect since their daughter was born in 1497; unless of course the daughter's mother is mis-attributed. The after 1507 date is derived from the death of his first wife in Aug 1507.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson, Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Artist. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576 (60). Equestrian Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (47).

1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541 (32). Portrait of Charles Habsburg-Spain V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558 (18).

On 01 Feb 1514 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (54) was created 1st Earl Worcester (5C 1514). [his wife] Eleanor Dudley Countess Stamford, Countess Worcester 1487-1526 (27) by marriage Countess Worcester (5C 1514).

On 15 Jun 1514 [his son] Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (18) and Margaret Courtenay Countess Worcester 1499-1525 (15) were married (he was her second-cousin). Margaret Courtenay Countess Worcester 1499-1525 (15) by marriage Countess Worcester (5C 1514).

Before 1526 [his son] Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 and Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 were married. Elizabeth Browne Countess Worcester 1502-1565 by marriage Countess Worcester (5C 1514).

In 1526 (some sourcees say before 1549) [his wife] Eleanor Dudley Countess Stamford, Countess Worcester 1487-1526 (39) died.

In 1526 [his wife] Elizabeth West 1487-1526 (39) died.

On 15 Mar 1526 [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (66) died. He was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. His son [his son] Henry Somerset 2nd Earl Worcester 1496-1549 (30) succeeded 2nd Earl Worcester (5C 1514).

[his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 and [his wife] Eleanor Dudley Countess Stamford, Countess Worcester 1487-1526 were married.

[his daughter] Elizabeth Somerset -1545 was born to [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 and [his wife] Elizabeth Herbert 3rd Baroness Herbert Raglan 1476-1507.

[his son] Charles Somerset was born to Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 and [his wife] Elizabeth West 1487-1526.

[his son] George Somerset was born to [his son] Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 and [his wife] Elizabeth West 1487-1526.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

King Edward III England

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399

Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372

Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376

Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 2 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England

GrandFather: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 Great Grandson of King Edward III England

Great GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of King Edward III England

Great x 2 GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of King Edward III England

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 3 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Great GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

GrandMother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 7 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Ferrers Countess Warwick 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers Groby 1333-1372 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Groby 1303-1343 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Verdun Baroness Ferrers Groby 1316-1349 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Percy Baroness Ferrers Groby 1330-1375 5 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Berkeley 9th Baron Berkeley, 3rd Baron Lisle 1352-1417 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley 1304-1337 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley 1325-1389 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292-1337 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Lisle Baroness Berkeley, 3rd Baroness Lisle 1362-1391 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 6 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan 1320-1389 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Pipard 1308-1349

Mother: Joan Hill 1412-1493

GrandFather: Robert Hill of Shilston 1392-1444

Great GrandFather: Robert Hill of Shilston 1375-1423