Biography of Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723

Around 1671 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin 1646-1699 (24).

Around 1671 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin 1646-1699 (24).

Around 1675 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Compton Bishop 1632-1713 (43).

Around 1676 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Mary Scrope 1676-. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Before 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682.

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Herbert 4th Baron Herbert Chirbury 1640-1691 (40).

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Onslow 1st Baron Onslow 1654-1717 (25).

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Tulse 1661-1718 (19).

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Tulse 1661-1718 (19).

Around 1682 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Pyotr Potemkin Ambassdor 1617-1700 (65).

Around 1682 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Pyotr Potemkin Ambassdor 1617-1700 (65).

In 1682 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723 lived at 16-17 Great Piazza, Covent Garden.

Around 1683 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Boyle 2nd Earl Burlington 1668-1704 (14).

1683 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Murray 1st Earl Dunmore 1661-1710 (22).

In 1684 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Catherine Sedley Countess Dorchester and Portmore 1657-1717 (26).

In 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (42).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough, 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735 (27).

In 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Egerton 3rd Baronet Egerton and Oulton 1658-1729 (27).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Constable 4th Viscount Dunbar 1654-1718 (31).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys 1645-1689 (39).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Justinian Isham 4th Baronet 1658-1730 (26).

Around 1685 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Justinian Isham 4th Baronet 1658-1730 (26).

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 October. 08 Oct 1685. I had my picture drawn this week by the famous Kneller.

Around 1686 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Frances Whitmore 1666-1695 (19). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1686 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Frances Whitmore 1666-1695 (19). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

In 1689 John Riley Painter 1646-1691 (43) was appointed Principal Painter In Ordinary jointly with Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723.

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 (55).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Ashe Windham 1672-1749 (17).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Thomas Gale Scholar 1635-1702 (54).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715 (47).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Hewer 1642-1715 (47).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (68).

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 June. 09 Jun 1689. Visited Dr. Burnet (45), now Bishop of Sarum; got him to let Mr. Kneller draw his picture.

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 July. 08 Jul 1689. I sat for my picture to Mr. Kneller, for Mr. Pepys (56), late Secretary to the Admiralty, holding my "Sylva" in my right hand. It was on his long and earnest request, and is placed in his library. Kneller never painted in a more masterly manner.

Around 1690 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (19).

Before 1694 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Booth 1st Earl Warrington 1652-1694.

Between 1694 and 1695 Charles Jervas Painter 1675-1739 (20) worked as an assistant to Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723.

In 1694 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin 1646-1699 (47).

In 1694 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Hortense Mancini Duchess of Mazarin 1646-1699 (47).

In 1694 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of George Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1684-1739 (10).

Before 1695 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Maitland 4th Earl Lauderdale 1653-1695.

Before 1695 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Maitland 4th Earl Lauderdale 1653-1695.

Around 1695 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of James Vernon 1721-1790.

Around 1695 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Robert Southwell 1635-1702 (59).

In 1698 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Nathaniel Crew Bishop 1633-1721 (64).

Before 1699 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough, Countess Monmouth 1660-1709 (40). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough, Countess Monmouth 1660-1709 (40). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Diana Vere Duchess St Albans. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Margaret Cecil Countess Ranelagh 1672-1728 (28). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (44). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Martha Vaughan -1720.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Martha Vaughan -1720.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Mary Compton Countess Dorset 1669-1691. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Mary Bentinck Countess Essex 1679-1726 (20). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry de Nassau Lord Overkirk 1640-1708 (60).

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Henry de Nassau Lord Overkirk 1640-1708 (60).

In 1702 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Frances Legh 1670-1728 (32).

Before 1708 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707.

Before 1708 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Walter St John 3rd Baronet St John Lydiard Tregoze 1622-1708.

Before 1710 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Admiral George Churchill 1654-1710.

Before 1710 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Admiral George Churchill 1654-1710.

Around 1710 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Duke Devonshire 1698-1755 (11).

Around 1710 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Admiral John Leake 1656-1720 (53).

Around 1710 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Admiral John Leake 1656-1720 (53).

In 1710. John James Baker Painter -1725. Known as "Whig Junto". From www.tate.org ... This is a portrait of a political group named the Whig Junto and a Black servant, whose identity is unknown. It is the only known portrait of the Junto, which was an ideologically close-knit group of political peers who formed the leadership of the Whig party in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The members of the group are shown gathered together on a grand terrace, while a vista onto a garden is revealed by the Black servant, who holds back a heavy velvet curtain. The grand architectural setting is imagined, and is deliberately evocative of power and status. The picture was commissioned by Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford (57), who stands on the right, as if welcoming the company. It is not known if Orford (57) had a Black servant in his household or whether the individual was included to emphasise Orford’s (57) wealth and social standing. At the time, Britain was profiting heavily from the trade of enslaved people from West Africa. The presence of Black servants, many of whom were enslaved, in both aristocratic and merchant households had come to symbolise property and wealth. This reflected the dehumanising view of enslaved Black people held by the British elite.
The scene conjures one of the Junto’s country house meetings where, in between parliamentary sessions, policy and party strategy were formulated. From left to right the sitters round the table can be identified as Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (34); Thomas Wharton, 1st Marquess of Wharton (61); John Somers, 1st Baron Somers (1C 1697) (58); Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (48); and William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire (38). The lavish surroundings probably represent Orford’s (57) house, Chippenham, where Junto meetings sometimes took place. It was also ideally located for the nearby Newmarket horse races, which the members of the Junto frequently attended when parliament was not sitting.
The portrait is dated 1710, before the crushing electoral defeat of the Whigs in October of that year. It shows the political allies while in power, when Sunderland (34) was Secretary of State, Wharton (61) Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Somers Lord President of the Privy Council, Devonshire (38) Lord Steward and a member of the Privy Council, and Orford (57) First Lord of the Admiralty. On the surface the portrait shows a relaxed gathering of fellow connoisseurs, seated round a table consulting antique medals and books of prints. Fittingly, Somers and Halifax (48) sit at the centre of the company, holding a book and handling a medal respectively. Both were known collectors and antiquarians – Somers was one of the founders of the Whig Kit-Cat Club, a convivial drinking and dining club, but which also had a political propagandist agenda; he had also purchased the Resta collection of drawings from Italy in 1709. Halifax (48) had a celebrated library and a collection of antique medals (sold in 1740), to which those being consulted presumably allude. Behind this exterior of cultural appreciation, however, the portrait advertises Whig policy in 1709–10, which supported the continuation of war against France in opposition to Tory calls for peace. The two visible prints are friezes from Trajan’s column showing episodes from the Dacian wars, with the Roman army crossing the Danube. The viewer is invited to make parallels between the valour and victories of the Roman emperors and the current military greatness achieved for Britain by the Duke of Marlborough’s campaigns. The globe, showing the Pacific, presumably alludes to Whig foreign policy ambitions beyond Europe. By defeating France in Europe, they aimed to gain commercial access to Spanish American trade routes. It reflects the competitive European colonial pursuit of new markets, including the selling of enslaved West African people to Spanish territories overseas.
John James Baker (or Backer, or Bakker) is thought to have been Flemish, from Antwerp. He was Godfrey Kneller’s (1646–1723) long-time studio assistant and drapery painter, and this is his largest, most ambitious and complex work. The symbolic programme was presumably devised by Orford in discussion with Baker. The Duke of Devonshire was not a regular member of the Junto, although an increasingly important Whig peer, but his inclusion here is presumably because of his kinship relationship with Orford. The picture is thus a demonstration of Orford’s private as well as proFessional networks, and also his pride and ambition. It would have been displayed at Chippenham in the newly appointed, fashionable interiors, alongside other works that Orford commissioned to advertise his public achievement and the private and proFessional networks that sustained his power and influence.

Around 1682 Thomas Murray 1663-1735 (19). Portrait of Edward Russell 1st Earl Orford 1653-1727 (29) and Captain John Benbow (28), and Admiral Ralph Delavall (41) .

In 1711 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Christopher Wren Architect 1632-1723 (87).

From 1711 to 1720 John Vanderbank Painter 1694-1739 (25) studied under Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723 at the Art Academy run by James Thornhill Painter 1675-1734 (36) in Great Queen Street.

In 1711 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Robert Harley 1st Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1661-1724 (49).

In 1713 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset 1667-1722 (45). Petworth House.

Around 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Lucy Loftus Marchioness Wharton.

Around 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Lucy Loftus Marchioness Wharton.

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde 1610-1688.

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Thomas Wharton 1st Marquess Wharton 1648-1715 (66).

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (29).

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Rushout 4th Baronet 1685-1775 (29).

In 1715 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Lionel Cranfield Sackville 1st Duke Dorset 1688-1765 (26).

Before 1718 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718.

In 1719 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Denzil Onslow of Pyrford 1642-1721 (77).

In 1719 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Anne Brownlow Baronetess Cust 1694-1779 (25).

Around 1720 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Samuel Sandys 1st Baron Sandys Ombersley 1695-1770 (24).

Around 1720 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Jonathan Trelawny Bishop 3rd Baronet 1650-1721 (69).

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Mary Pierrepoint 1689-1762.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu 1690-1749.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Edward Harley 2nd Earl Oxford and Earl Mortimer 1689-1741.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Somers 1st Baron Somers 1651-1716.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Richard Lumley 2nd Earl Scarborough 1686-1740.

Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723.