Biography of Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

1298 Battle of Falkirk

1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

1312 Gaveston Surrenders

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1272 [his father] Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272 died.

On 25 Mar 1273 Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 was born to [his father] Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272 and [his mother] Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe at Petworth.

In 1293 Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (19) and [his wife] Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328 were married.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26)
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55)
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37)
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26)
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52)
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27)
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43)
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58)
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30)
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29)
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48)
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43)
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25)
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18)
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39)
Robert Fitzroger
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.

In 1299 Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25) was created 1st Baron Percy. [his wife] Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328 by marriage Baroness Percy.

In 1299 [his son] Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 was born to Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25) and [his wife] Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328.

Baron's Letter to the Pope

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne 1st Baron Leybourne 1242-1309, Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304. .

Around 1303 [his son] William Percy 1303-1355 was born to Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (29) and [his wife] Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328 at Petworth.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. 24 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Westminster. To John Sampson (61), constable of the king's castle of Scardeburgh. Order to permit Henry Percy (34) and his consort and their household to dwell in the houses within the said castle, provided that the castle be safely guarded.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. On 16 Jan 1310 King Edward II of England (25). Stamford. To the Sheriff of York. Order to proclaim that the king does not intend to change the money current in the Kingdom in the late King's time, as had been rumoured, and to forbid anyone from thinking little of it, whereby victuals and other necessaries may be sold more dearly.
The like to all the Sheriffs of England [Ibid].
Enrolment of deed of Peter de Gavaston (26), knight, surrendering to the king the castle, manor, and honour of Knaresborough, with the free chase of Knaresborough, and the manors of Routheclyve and Auldburgh, lately granted to him by the King for his lifetime. Witnesses: Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (59), John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (23), John de Brittania, Earl of Richmond, Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (48), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (36), Robert son of Walter, Robert son of Payn, William de Burford, William Inge. Dated at Stamford July 26, 3 Edward II.
Enrolment of like surrender by the said Peter (26) of the county of Gaure and the castles of Talanon, Tantalon, and Mauleon, the provostships (preposituras) and Camparian(um) called 'la Cointal' and of the city of Bayonne, the manor of Erebafaveyra, Born, Comtad, Salmun, Dagenes, and the island of Oleron, and the lands of Marempne and of Lancras in Saintogne, and all rights, appurtenances, etc., etc., thereto pertaining to the king, which the king lately granted him for life. Witnesses as above. Dated August 4, 3 Edward II.
Memorandum, that this deed was delivered to the king in his chamber in the House of the Friars Preachers, Stamford at Stamford, by the hands of the said Peter (26) and the king delivered the said deed to J his chancellor, to be enrolled in the chancery, and it was afterwards delivered to Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the King's Wardrobe to be kept in the king's wardrobe, but the king's charters that the said Peter hereof were not then restored.[CONTINUES].

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

On 04 May 1312 King Edward II of England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38). Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, King Edward II of England (28) to York.

Gaveston Surrenders

On 19 May 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) surrendered to Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (37), John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (25), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) who were besieging the castle. The terms of the surrender were that Pembroke, Warenne and Percy would take Gaveston to York, where the barons would negotiate with the king.

In 1314 Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (40) died. His son [his son] Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 (15) succeeded 2nd Baron Percy.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Reginar aka Percy

Maternal Family Tree: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe -1272

GrandFather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe 1197-1245

Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 1156-1198

Great x 2 GrandFather: Jocelin Percy 1121-1180

Great x 3 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar I Count Louvain 1060-1139

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Count Louvain 1020-1071

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adela Thuringa Count Louvain

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ida Chiny Countess Louvain

Great x 4 GrandFather: Otto Chiny 2nd Count Chiny

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Percy 4th Baroness Percy Topcliffe 1135-1205

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Percy 3rd Baron Percy Topcliffe -1175

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alan Percy 2nd Baron Percy Topcliffe -1132

Great x 4 GrandMother: Emma Gaunt Baroness Percy Topcliffe

Mother: Eleanor Warenne Baroness Percy Topcliffe

GrandFather: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304

Great GrandFather: William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey -1240

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hamelin Warenne 4th Earl Surrey 1129-1202

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mistress Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Warenne Count Boulogne, 4th Countess Surrey 1137-1203

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Warenne 3rd Earl Surrey 1119-1148

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Warenne 2nd Earl Surrey -1138

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Capet Countess Leicester, Count Meulan, Countess Surrey 1085-1131

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adela Montgomery Countess Salisbury, Countess Surrey -1174

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Talvas" Montgomery III Count Ponthieu 1093-1172

Great x 4 GrandMother: Helie Burgundy Count Ponthieu 1080-1141

Great GrandMother: Maud Marshal Countess Norfolk, Countess Surrey 1194-1248

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury

Great x 4 GrandFather: Walter Salisbury 2nd Baron Chitterne 1091-1147

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sybilla Chaworth Baroness Chitterne 1100-1140

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176

Great x 4 GrandFather: Gilbert Clare 1st Earl Pembroke 1100-1148

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Countess Pembroke

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

Great x 4 GrandFather: Diarmait Macmurrough 1110-1171

GrandMother: Alice Lusignan Countess Surrey 1224-1256

Great GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan X Count Lusignan, V Count La Marche 1183-1249

Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan IX Count Lusignan 1163-1219

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan 1141-1169

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh Lusignan VIII Count Lusignan 1108-1170

Great x 4 GrandMother: Bourgogne Dame de Fontenay Taillebourg Count Lusignan

Great GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 2 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême -1179

Great x 4 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angoulême II Count Angoulême -1140

Great x 4 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angoulême

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great x 4 GrandFather: Renaud Courtenay 1105-1164

Great x 4 GrandMother: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189