Biography of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322

1298 Battle of Falkirk

1301 Baron's Letter to the Pope

1307 Death of Edward I

1308 King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

1308 Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

1308 Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

1311 Council of Ordainers

1312 Trial of Piers Gaveston

1312 Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

1322 King Philip V of France Dies King Charles IV Succeeds

1322 Battle of Boroughbridge

1322 Despencer War Executions


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 25 Oct 1265 [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (20) was created 1st Earl of Leicester (2C 1265).

In 1267 [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (21) was created 1st Earl Lancaster.

In 1269 Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 (25) and [his mother] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (21) were married (he was her half third-cousin).

In 1269 [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (23) and Aveline Forz Countess Lancaster -1274 were married. Aveline Forz Countess Lancaster -1274 by marriage Countess Lancaster.

In 1276 [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (30) and [his mother] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (28) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed). Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (28) by marriage Countess Lancaster.

Around 1278 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 was born to [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (32) and [his mother] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (30).

On 16 Aug 1284 Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 (16) and [his half-sister] Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (11) were married (he was her second-cousin).

On 30 Dec 1292 [his brother] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (11) and Maud Chaworth 1282-1322 (10) were married.

In 1294 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (16) and [his wife] Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (12) were married.

On 05 Jun 1296 [his father] Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 (51) died at Bayonne. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (18) succeeded 2nd Earl of Leicester (2C 1265), 2nd Earl Lancaster. [his wife] Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (14) by marriage Countess of Leicester (2C 1265), Earl Lancaster.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26)
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55)
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53)
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford, 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24)
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37)
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26)
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52)
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27)
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43)
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58)
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30)
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29)
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48)
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11)
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43)
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42)
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42)
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41)
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20)
[his brother] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17)
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67)
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25)
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21)
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31)
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18)
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59)
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39)
Robert Fitzroger
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?
Simon Fraser -1306
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23)
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
William Boyd 4th Earl Kilmarnock 1705-1746 fought.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.

Baron's Letter to the Pope

Before 09 Mar 1301 seven Earls and 96 Barons signed a letter to the Pope refuting the Pope's claim that Scotland was subject to the Pope's feudal overlordship. The letter was never sent. Those who signed include: John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304, Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322, Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer 1270-1325, Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322, Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306, Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302, Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315, Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324, William Leybourne 1st Baron Leybourne 1242-1309, [his brother] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345, William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304, Edmund Hastings, John Hastings 2nd Baron Hastings, 14th Baron Bergavenny 1286-1325, Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304, Fulk Fitzwarin 2nd Baron Fitzwarin 1285-1337, Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314, Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326, John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset 1274-1336, William Braose 2nd Baron Braose 1260-1326, John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324, Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308, John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310, Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321, Robert Vere 5th Earl Oxford 1240-1296, John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin 1253-1309, Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon Gilsland 1276-1313, Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314, Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303, Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314, John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325, William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325, Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316, Piers Mauley 1st Baron Mauley 1181-1241, Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331, John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330, Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales -1304, Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall 1260-1332, Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf 1259-1304, Gilbert Talbot 1st Baron Talbot 1276-1346, William Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt 1301-1364, Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308, Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg 1220-1304. .

On 02 May 1302 [his mother] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 (54) died.

On 02 Apr 1305 [his half-sister] Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (32) died.

In 1307 [his nephew] Charles IV King France I King Navarre 1294-1328 (12) and Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1297-1326 (10) were married (he was her second-cousin). Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1297-1326 (10) by marriage Queen Consort France.

Death of Edward I

On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. His son King Edward II of England (23) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
Edward (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.

Marriage of King Edward II and Isabella of France

On 25 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23) and [his niece] Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at Boulogne-sur-Mer.

King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

Fine Rolls Edward II. On 07 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) and [his niece] Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) returned from their wedding in Boulogne-sur-Mer to Dover.

07 Feb 1308. Be it remembered that on Wednesday after the Purification, Edward II (23), the king, returning from beyond seas, to wit, from Boulogne-sur-Mer, where he took to wife Isabel (13), daughter of the king of France (39), touched at Dover in his barge about the ninth hour [1500], Hugh le Despenser (46) and the lord of Castellione of Gascony being in his company, and the queen a little afterward touched there with certain ladies accompanying her, and because the great seal which had been taken with him beyond seas then remained in the keeping of the keeper of the wardrobe who could not arrive on that day, no writ was sealed from the hour of the king's coming until Friday following on which day the bishop of Chichester, chancellor, about the ninth hour [1500] delivered to the king in his chamber in Dover castle the seal used in England during the king's absence, and the king, receiving the same, delivered it to William de Melton (33), controller of the wardrobe, and forthwith delivered with his own hand to the chancellor the great seal under the seal of J. de Benstede, keeper of the wardrobe, and Master John Painter Fraunceis, in the presence of Thomas, earl of Lancaster (30), Peter, earl of Cornwall (24), and Hugh le Despenser (46), William Martyn and William Inge, knights, and Adam de Osgodby, clerk ; and the chancellor on that day after lunch in his room (hospicio) in God's House, Dover, sealed writs with the great seal.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. [his niece] Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
[his brother] Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.

On Feb 1311 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33) by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury (1C 1149), 4th Earl Lincoln (4C 1217).

Council of Ordainers

Around 19 Mar 1311 the nobility attempt to constrain King Edward II of England (26) by imposing a Council of Ordainers upon him. The Council included twenty-one signatories including:
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (39)
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (36)
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (33)
Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester, 7th Earl Hertford -1314
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln, 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311
John Capet 5th Earl Richmond 1266-1334 (45)
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (33), and
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (36).

Gaveston's Escape from Newcastle

On 04 May 1312 King Edward II of England (28) and Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) were at Newcastle on Tyne Castle, Newcastle on Tyne where they barely escaped a force led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (39) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (38). Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) escaped to Scarborough, North Yorkshire, King Edward II of England (28) to York.

Trial of Piers Gaveston

Around 15 Jun 1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (28) was tried at Warwick Castle by Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (40), Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (36), Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (34) and Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 (27). He was condemned to death.

On 05 Jun 1316 [his nephew] Louis X King France I Navarre 1289-1316 (26) died. His brother [his nephew] Philip V King France I King Navarre 1293-1322 (23) succeeded V King France. He also claimed the Kingdom of Navarre although he had no hereditary right to do so since the Kingdom of Navarre was subject to inheritance by the female as well as male line meaning the four year old Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (4) was successor by right. The Navarese didn't recognise his claim.

In 1318 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (40) and [his wife] Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, Countess Lancaster, 5th Countess Salisbury, 4th Countess Lincoln 1281-1348 (36) were divorced.

Despencer War Executions

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter VI - Of the earl Thomas of Lancaster and twenty-two other of the great lords and knights of England, that were beheaded. 1322. THE foresaid king Edward the second (37), father to the noble king Edward the third (9), on whom our matter is founded, this said king governed right diversely his realm by the exhortation of sir Hugh Spencer (36), who had been nourished with him sith the beginning of his yongth ; the which sir Hugh (36) had so enticed the king (37), that his father and he were the greatest masters in all the realm, and by envy thought to surmount all other barons of England ; whereby after the great discomfiture that the Scots had made at Stirling great murmuring there arose in England between. The noble barons and the king's council, and namely against sir Hugh Spencer (36). They put on him that by his counsel they were discomfited, and that he was favourable to the king of Scots. And on this point the barons had divers times communication together, to be advised what they might do, whereof Thomas earl of Lancaster (44), who was uncle to the king, was chief. And anon when sir Hugh Spencer (36) had espied this, he purveyed for remedy, for he was so great with the king (37) and so near him, that he was more beloved with the king (37) than all the world after. So on a day he came to the king (37) and said, `Sir, certain lords of your realm have made alliance together against you, and without ye take heed thereto betimes, they purpose to put you out of your realm': and so by his malicious means he caused that the king made all the said lords to be taken, and their heads to be stricken off without delay, and without knowledge or answer to any cause. First of all sir Thomas earl of Lancaster (44), who was a noble and a wise, holy knight, and hath done sith many fair miracles in Pomfret, where he was beheaded, for the which deed the said sir Hugh Spencer (36) achieved great hate in all the realm, and specially of the queen (27) and of the earl of Kent (20), brother to the king (37). And when he perceived the displeasure of the queen (27), by his subtle wit he set great discord between the king and the queen (27), so that the king (37) would not see the queen nor come in her company, the which discord endured a long space. Then was it skewed to the queen (27) secretly and to the earl of Kent (20), that without they took good heed to themselves, they were likely to be destroyage to Saint Thomas of Canterbury, and so to Winchelsea, and in the night went into a ship that was ready for her, and her young son Edward (9) with her, and the earl of Kent (20) and sir Roger Mortimer (34), and in another ship they had put all their purveyance, and had wind at will, and the next morning they arrived in the haven of Boulogne.

In 1322 [his nephew] Charles IV King France I King Navarre 1294-1328 (27) and Marie Luxemburg Queen Consort France 1304-1324 (18) were married. Marie Luxemburg Queen Consort France 1304-1324 (18) by marriage Queen Consort France.

King Philip V of France Dies King Charles IV Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1322 [his nephew] Philip V King France I King Navarre 1293-1322 (29) died. His brother [his nephew] Charles IV King France I King Navarre 1294-1328 (27) succeeded IV King France: Capet, I King Navarre although his niece was by right successor to the Kingdom of Navarre.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge over the River Ure (between Ripon and York) at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52). . Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46), Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34), John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22), Nicholas Longford 1285-1356 (37), Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44), John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) was hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (31) and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were both imprisoned. He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory, Sempringham.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton 1300-1335 (22), Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke 1299-1323 (22), William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (46), Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 (34), Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- and Peter Saltmarsh 1280-1338 (42) fought for the King.
Adam Everingham 1st Baron Laxton 1279-1341 (43) was captured.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed. His son John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford, 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 (15) succeeded 5th Earl Hereford (6C 1199), 4th Earl Essex (3C 1239).

Despencer War Executions

On 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) was beheaded at Pontefract Castle.

After 22 Mar 1322 Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 was buried at Pontefract Priory, Pontefract.

Battle of Boroughbridge

On 25 Mar 1322 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52) was created 1st Earl Carlisle (1C 1322) in reward for his capture of Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 at the Battle of Boroughbridge.

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XI - How the queen of England besieged the king her husband in the town of Bristow. Oct 1326. AND then this tiding spread about the realm so much, that at the last it came to the knowledge of the lords by whom the queen (31) was called again into England. And they apparelled them in all haste to come to Edward (13) her son, whom they would have to their sovereign lord. And the first that came and gave them most comfort was [his brother] Henry earl of Lancaster (45) with the wry neck, called Tort Col, who was brother to Thomas earl of Lancaster, beheaded as ye have heard herebefore, who was a good knight and greatly recommended, as ye shall hear after in this history. This earl Henry (45) came to the queen (31) with great company of men of war, and after him came from one part and other earls, barons, knights and squires, with so much people that they thought them clean out of perils, and always increased their power as they went forward. Then they took counsel among them that they should ride straight to the town of Bristow, whereas the king (42) was, and with him the Spencers. The which was a good town and a strong, and well closed, standing on a good port of the sea, and a strong castle, the sea beating round about it. And therein was the king (42) and Sir Hugh Spencer the elder (65), who was about ninety of age, and Sir Hugh Spencer (40) his son, who was chief governour of the king (42) and counselled him in all his evil deeds. Also there was the earl of Arundel (20), who had wedded the daughter (14) of sir Hugh Spencer (40), and di at Bristow, and besieged the town round about as near as they might: and the king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40) held them in the castle, and the old sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) held them in the town. And when the people of the town saw the great power that the queen (31) was of (for almost all England was of her accord), and perceived what peril and danger evidently they were in, they took counsel among themselves and determined that they would yield up the town to the queen (31), so that their lives and goods might be saved. And so they sent to treat with the queen and her council in this matter ; but the queen nor her council would not agree thereto without she might do with sir Hugh Spencer (65) and with the earl of Arundel (20) what it pleased her. When the people of the town saw they could have no peace otherwise, nor save the town nor their goods nor their lives, in that distress they accorded to the queen (31) and opened the gates, so that the queen (31) and sir John of Hainault (38), and all her barons, knights and squires, entered into the town and took their lodgings within, as many as might, and the residue without. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) were taken and brought before the queen (31), to do her pleasure with them. Then there was brought to the queen her own children, John her son (10) and her two daughters [Note. Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (8) and Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (5)], the which were found there in the keeping of the said sir Hugh Spencer (65), whereof the queen had great joy, for she had not seen them long 'before. Then the king (42) might have great sorrow and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40), who were fast enclosed in the strong castle, and the most part of all the realm turned to the queen's part and to Edward}{Edward (13) her eldest son.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Henry III King England 1207-1272

Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Grand Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Kings Scotland: Great x 5 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 3 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great Grand Son of Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226

Ancestry

Father: Edmund Crouchback Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl Lancaster 1245-1296 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great x 3 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Troubadour" Poitiers IX Duke Aquitaine 1071-1127

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aimery Chatellerault Viscount Châtellerault

Great x 4 GrandMother: Dangereuse Ile-Bouchard Viscountess Chatellerault 1079-1151

Great GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 2 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

Great x 3 GrandFather: William "Taillefer" Angoulême VI Count Angoulême -1179

Great x 4 GrandFather: Wulfgrin Angoulême II Count Angoulême -1140

Great x 4 GrandMother: Pontia La Marche Count Angoulême

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218

Great x 3 GrandFather: Peter Courtenay 1126-1183

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Courtenay 1140-1205

Great x 4 GrandFather: Renaud Courtenay 1105-1164

Great x 4 GrandMother: Helene du Donjon 1095-1189

GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso II King Aragon 1157-1196

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona 1114-1162

Great x 4 GrandMother: Petronilla Jiménez Queen Aragon 1136-1173

Great x 3 GrandMother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon 1155-1208

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

Great x 4 GrandMother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon

Great x 2 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy 1134-1188

Great x 4 GrandFather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy 1095-1148

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mahaut Albon Count Savoy

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Macon Count Savoy

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

Mother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Augustus II King France 1165-1223 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France -1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adèle Blois Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Blois II Count Champagne, IV Count Blois 1090-1152 Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Carinthia Count Champagne, Count Blois

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France 1170-1190

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders V Count Hainault 1150-1195

Great x 4 GrandFather: Baldwin Flanders IV Count Hainault 1108-1171

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Namur Count Hainault

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Metz Count Hainault, Count Flanders -1194

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders 1099-1168

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex, Count Flanders 1112-1165

Great GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214

Great x 3 GrandFather: Sancho III King Castile 1134-1158

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso VII King Castile, VII King Leon 1105-1157

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berenguela Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1116-1149

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Ramirez Queen Consort Castile 1133-1156

Great x 4 GrandFather: García "Restorer" IV King Navarre 1112-1150

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marguerite Aigle Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 Daughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151

Great x 4 GrandMother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine 1099-1137

Great x 4 GrandMother: Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine 1103-1130

GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine, I Duke Brabant 1165-1235

Great x 3 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine 1142-1190

Great x 4 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VII Duke Lower Lorraine 1107-1142

Great x 4 GrandMother: Lutgardis Sulzbach Duchess Lower Lorraine

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Luxemburg Duchess Lower Lorraine

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Luxemburg II Duke Limburg 1111-1167

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilda Saffenburg Duchess Limburg

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Metz 1170-1210 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Matthew Metz Count Boulogne -1173

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thierry Metz Count Flanders 1099-1168

Great x 4 GrandMother: Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex, Count Flanders 1112-1165

Great x 3 GrandMother: Marie Blois I Count Boulogne 1136-1182 Daughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen I King England 1094-1154 Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Flanders 1105-1152

Great GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Swabia