Twenty Trees

email@twentytrees.co.uk

Biography of William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397

1344 Creation of the Order of the Garter

1356 Battle of Poitiers

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

1396 Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters


Family Trees

Ancestry

Around 1320 [his father] William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (19) and [his mother] Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (16) were married. Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (16) by marriage Baroness Montagu.

On 25 Jun 1328 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 was born to [his father] William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (27) and [his mother] Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (24).

In 1337 [his father] William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (36) was created 1st Earl Salisbury (2C 1337). [his mother] Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (33) by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).

Around Mar 1340 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) and [his future wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (11) were married in secret. It isn't clear whether the marriage was canonical given the secrecy; there were no witnesses. She twelve years old. A subsequent investigation by papal commissioners confirmed it as valid.

Around Nov 1340 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (12) and [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (12) were married. She was already married albeit secretly to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26). The subsequent investigation found her marriage to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) to be valid.

Creation of the Order of the Garter

On 23 Apr 1344 King Edward III England (31) created the Order of the Garter. The date nominal as there are different accounts; some sources say 1348.
1 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (13)
2 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 (34)
3 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (31).
4 Jean Grailly 1331-1376 (13)
5 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372.
6 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (15)
7 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 (15).
8 John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1318-1355 (26).
9 Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (15)
10 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Warwick 1316-1360 (28)
11 John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 (24).
12 Hugh Courtenay -1348.
13 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (30).
14 John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Rotherfield 1300-1359 (43)
15 Richard Fitzsimon -1349
16 Miles Stapleton 1320-1364 (24)
17 Thomas Wale 1303-1352 (41)
18 Hugh Wrottesley 1333-1381 (10)
19 Neil Loring 1320-1386 (24)
20 John Chandos 1320-1369 (24).
21 James Audley 1318-1369 (26).
22 Otho Holland 1316-1359 (28)
23 Henry Eam -1359.
24 Sanchet Abrichecourt 1330-1360 (14)
25 Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (25).

On 11 Jun 1349 [his father] William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (48) died. His son William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 4th Baron Montagu. [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (20) by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).

On 23 Nov 1349 [his mother] Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (45) died at Bisham Abbey, Bisham.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the earl of Salisbury. 26. William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), submitted a petition in parliament, the tenor of which follows:
To our lord the [his step-son] king his liege William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), prays: whereas the most noble King Edward [III], your grandfather, by his letters patent gave and granted to [his father] William Montague, earl of Salisbury and father of the said supplicant, whose heir he is, and to the heirs issuing from his body, with the clause of warranty of the said very noble King Edward [III] and his heirs, the castle, town and honour of Denbigh, and the cantreds of Rhos, Rhufiniog, and Cymeirch and the commote of Dinmael with their appurtenances in Wales, as plainly appears from the said letters patent: which castle, town, and honour, cantreds and commote, with their appurtenances, Roger Mortimer, late earl of March (25), by the name of the land of Denbigh, in Trinity term, in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said most noble King Edward [III] [18 June 1354-9 July 1354], before William Shareshull and his fellow justices assigned to hold the pleas before the said very noble King Edward [III], against the aforesaid supplicant, by erroneous judgment, recovered by a writ of scire facias, founded on a judgment given in the parliament held at Westminster on the Monday after the feast of St Mark the Evangelist in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said very noble King Edward [III], for the aforesaid Roger, on a petition showed by him to the said very noble King Edward [III] then, in the name of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, son and heir of Edmund Mortimer, son and heir of Roger Mortimer; in which record and judgment on the said writ of scire facias there are patent errors.
May it please you of your gracious lordship to cause the full record to be brought before you, with all attachments to the same concerning the said writ of scire facias, in the present parliament, that they may be inspected and examined for error, and to forewarn Roger Mortimer, earl of March, cousin and heir of the aforesaid Roger son of Edmund, and others who are to be forewarned in the matter, to be before you at the next parliament to hear the said errors; and if they know of anything to say wherefor the aforesaid judgment on the said writ of scire facias should not be reversed, and the aforesaid supplicant restored to his said possession with the issues and profits in the meantime since the said loss, and also to do right and justice to the parties in the aforesaid manner. Whereupon, the said petition having been read before the king and lords of parliament, the king ordered Sir Walter Clopton, his chief justice, to bring before the king and lords in parliament the record of which the said petition made mention above. Which record, on the king's command, was later brought to parliament before the king and lords, and there it was read in part, and certain errors therein were pointed out and alleged by the said earl of Salisbury. Whereupon the king, by the assent and advice of the lords of parliament, the justices of the king there present, granted and ordered that the said earl have a writ of scire facias on the matter of the said petition, returnable at the next parliament, as the same petition mentions.

Battle of Poitiers

On 19 Sep 1356 the army of Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (26) defeated the French and Scottish army led by John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) at the Battle of Poitiers. John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37) was captured.
The the English army included: Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (26), James Audley 1318-1369 (38), Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (43), Bartholomew "The Younger" Burghesh 2nd Baron Burghesh 1328-1369 (27), Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (61), Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, 3rd Baron Burghesh 1335-1375 (21), Ralph Ferrers 1329-1392 (27), William Scrope 1325-1367 (31), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (28), Walter Paveley 4th Baron Burghesh 1319-1375 (37), Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 (58), William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382 (18), John Vere 7th Earl Oxford 1312-1360 (44), John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby Eresby 1323-1372 (33), Thomas Arderne 1337-1391 (19), Enion Sais Brecon, John Chandos 1320-1369 (36), Richard Pembridge 1320-1375 (36), Jean Grailly 1331-1376 (25) and John Sully 1283-1388 (73).
Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon 1303-1377 (53) protected the baggage train. .
The French and Scottish army included: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (37), Philip "Bold" Valois-Burgundy II Duke Burgundy 1342-1404 (14), Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche 1344-1393 (12), Archibald "Grim" Douglas 3rd Earl Douglas 1329-1400 (26), John "sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu 1321-1387 (35); all captured.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 and William Douglas 1st Earl Douglas 1323-1384 (33) fought.
Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 (45) was killed. His son Louis Bourbon II Duke Bourbon 1337-1410 (19) succeeded II Duke Bourbon.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (31) and [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed) at Windsor Castle. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

On May 1366 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (27) and [his step-daughter] Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) were married (he was her third-cousin). Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) by marriage Duchess Brittany (1221 Dreux).

Before 13 Oct 1370 [his step-son] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 were married (he was her third-cousin). Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360).

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 [his step-son] Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1381 [his sister] Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 (49) died.

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 [his step-son] Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 [his step-son] Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married (he was her fourth-cousin) at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

In 1383 [his son] William Montagu -1383 was killed in a tournament.

In 1384 [his step-daughter] Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (34) died.

On 07 Aug 1385 [his wife] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (56) died at Wallingford Castle. She was buried at Stamford.

After 07 Aug 1385 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 and [his wife] Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury 1374-1415 were married. Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury 1374-1415 by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).

On 24 Jun 1386 [his step-son] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed) at Plymouth.

In 1388 [his step-son] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (36) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (24) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (4C 1388).

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 [his step-son] Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin). The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to secure the Crown.

On 25 Apr 1397 [his step-son] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (47) died. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne. His son Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent (6C 1360), 4th Baron Holland. Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 (19) by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360).

On 03 Jun 1397 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (68) died. His nephew John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (47) succeeded 3rd Earl Salisbury (2C 1337), 2nd Baron Montagu. Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424 (37) by marriage Countess Salisbury (2C 1337).

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 [his step-son] King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
[his step-son] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also rewarded his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

On 14 Jan 1415 [his former wife] Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury 1374-1415 (41) died in Salisbury.

Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 and [his sister] Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 were married. Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381 by marriage Countess March (1C 1328).

[his son] William Montagu -1383 was born to William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 and [his former wife] Elizabeth Mohun Countess Salisbury 1374-1415.

[his son] William Montagu -1383 and Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 were married (he was her third-cousin once-removed).

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Montagu

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Father: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

GrandFather: William Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu 1275-1319

Great GrandFather: Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Montagu 1213-1270

Great GrandMother: Hawise St Amand Baroness Montagu 1252-

GrandMother: Elizabeth Montfort Baroness Furnivall, Baroness Montagu 1275-1345

Great GrandFather: Peter Montfort 1245-1287

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Montfort 1205-1265

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thurstan Montfort 1184-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Montfort 1151-1199

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mabel Cantilupe 1186-1228

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Cantilupe Baron 1159-1239

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley 1224-1265

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Audley 1175-1246

Great x 4 GrandFather: Adam Audley 1135-1203

Great x 4 GrandMother: Emma Fitzorm

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Mainwaring 1197-1246

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ralph Mainwaring

Mother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

GrandFather: William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335

Great GrandFather: Pierre Grandison

GrandMother: Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison