History of Cumberland
In 1451 Anne Threlkeld 1451-1511 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (16) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (15) at Cumberland.
On 25 Nov 1467 Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 was born to Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (43) and Mabel Parr Baroness Dacre Gilsland -1508 at Cumberland.
In 1275 Philip Neville of Scotton 1210-1275 (65) died at Brampton.
On 09 Mar 1314 Robert Neville -1314 died at Brampton.
In 1410 Thomas Dacre 1410-1448 was born to Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1387-1458 (22) and Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland at Brampton.
Around 1424 Margaret Dacre 1424-1452 was born to Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1387-1458 (36) and Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland at Naworth, Brampton.
On 01 Jun 1792 James Graham 2nd Baronet Graham 1792-1861 was born to James Graham 1st Baronet Graham 1761-1824 (31) at Naworth, Brampton.
Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton
In Apr 1339 Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1290-1339 (49) died at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton. His son William Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1319-1361 (20) succeeded 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (1C 1321).
In 1370 Joan Dacre 1370-1456 was born to Hugh Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1335-1383 (35) and Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl 1335-1370 (35) at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton. Date adjusted from 1379 to accommodate her mother's death in 1370.
On 01 Jan 1370 Elizabeth Maxwell Countess Atholl 1335-1370 (35) died at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton.
On 27 Oct 1387 Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1387-1458 was born to William Dacre 5th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1357-1398 (30) and Joan Douglas Baroness Dacre Gilsland at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton.
Around 1424 Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 was born to Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1387-1458 (36) and Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton.
In Jan 1538 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 was born to William Dacre 3rd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1493-1563 (45) and Elizabeth Talbot Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1507-1552 (31) at Naworth Castle, Naworth, Brampton.
Burgh by Sands
On 07 Jul 1307 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (68) died at Burgh by Sands whilst on his way north to Scotland. His son King Edward II of England (23) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
Edward (68) had gathered around him Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, 5th Earl Salisbury, 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (29), Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (35), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (32) and Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (33) and charged them with looking after his son in particular ensuring Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (23) didn't return from exile.
On 03 Mar 1323 Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (53) was hanged at Carlisle for having negotiated a truce with the Scots despite having successfuly defeated the rebels at the Battle of Boroughbridge a year before for which he was enobled by King Edward II of England (38).
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XX - How king Robert of Scotland died. Mar 1328. Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton. AND when that the Scots were departed by night from the mountain, whereas the king of England (15) had besieged them, as ye have heard herebefore, they went twentytwo mile through that savage country without resting, and passed the river of Tyne right near to Carlisle ; and the next day they went into their own land, and so departed every man to his own mansion. And within a space after there was a peace purchased between the kings of England and Scotland ; and as the English chronicle saith,' it was done by the special counsel of the old queen (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) ; for by their means there was a parliament holden at Northampton, at the which the king (15) being within age granted to the Scots to release all the fealties and homages that they ought to have done to the crown of England, by his charter ensealed, and also there was delivered to the Scots an indenture, the which was called the Ragman, wherein was contained all the homages and fealties that the king of Scots and all the prelates, earls and barons of Scotland ought to have done to the crown of England, sealed with all their seals, with all other rights that sundry barons and knights ought to have had in the realm of Scotland. And also they delivered to them again the black cross of Scotland, the which the good king Edward conquered and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the which was a precious relic ; and all rights and interests that every baron had in Scotland was then clean forgiven. And many other things were done at that parliament to the great hurt and prejudice of the realm of England, and in manner against the wills of all the nobles of the realm, save only of Isabel (33) the old queen and the bishop of Ely and the lord Mortimer (40) : they ruled the realm in such wise, that every man was miscontent. So that the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) and sir Thomas Brotherton (27), earl marshal, and sir Edmund of Woodstock (26), the king's uncle, and divers other lords and commons were agreed together to amend these faults, if they might. And in that meantime the queen Isabel (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) caused another parliament to be holden at Salisbury, at the which parliament sir Roger Mortimer (40) was made earl of March against all the barons' wills of England, in prejudice of king and his realm, and sir John of Eltham (11) the king's brother was made earl of Cornwall. To the which parliament the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) would not come, wherefore the king was brought in belief that he would have destroyed his person; for the which they assembled a great host and went toward Bedford, whereas the earl Henry (47) was with his company. Then the earl marshal (27) and the earl of Kent (26), the king's uncle, made a peace between the king (15) and the earl of Lancaster (47), on whose part was sir Henry lord Beaumont (48), sir Fulke Fitz-Warin (43), sir Thomas Rocelin, sir William Trussel, sir Thomas Wither and about a hundred knights, who were all expelled out of England by the counsel of queen Isabel and the earl Mortimer : for he was so covetous, that he thought to have the most part of all their lands into his own hands, as it is more plainly shewed in the English chronicle, the which I pass over and follow mine author.
Before Apr 1360 Matthew Redman 1303-1360 died at Carlisle.
On 21 Mar 1557 Anne Dacre Countess Arundel 1557-1630 was born to Thomas Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1527-1566 (30) and Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk 1536-1567 (21) at Carlisle.
On 13 Jun 1592 Henry Scrope 9th Baron Scrope Bolton 1534-1592 (58) died at Carlisle. His son Thomas Scrope 10th Baron Scrope Bolton 1567-1609 (25) succeeded 10th Baron Scrope Bolton. Philadelphia Carey Baroness Scrope Bolton by marriage Baroness Scrope Bolton.
On 22 Jul 1620 Thomas Tully Divine 1620-1676 was born in Carlisle.
John of Fordun's Chronicle of the Scottish Nation Volume IV - King Robert accused before the King of England by John Comyn. As the said John's accusations were repeated, at length, one night, while the wine glittered in the bowl, and that king was hastening to sit down with his secretaries, he talked over Robert's death in earnest, — and shortly determined that he would deprive him of life on the morrow. But when the Earl of Gloucester, who was Robert's true and tried friend in his utmost need, heard of this, he hastily, that same night, sent the aforesaid Robert, by his keeper of the wardrobe, twelve pence and a pair of spurs. So the keeper of the wardrobe, who guessed his lord's wishes, presented these things to Robert, from his lord, and added these words : " My lord sends these to you, in return for what he, on his side, got from you yesterday." Robert understood, from the tokens offered him, that he was threatened by the danger of death ; so he discreetly gave the pence to the keeper of the wardrobe, and forthwith sent him back to the Earl with greeting in answer, and with thanks.
Then, when twilight came on, that night, after having ostentatiously ordered his servants to meet him at Carlisle, with his trappings, on the evening of the following day, he straightway hastened towards Scotland, without delay, and never stopped travelling, day or night, until he was safe from the aforesaid king's spite. Tor he was under the guidance of One of whom it is written : — " There is no wisdom, no foresight, no understanding against the Lord, who knoweth how to snatch the good from trial, and mercifully to deliver from danger those that trust in Him.".
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XVII - Here the history speaketh of the manner of the Scots and how they can war. AND when they had sojourned three weeks after this said fray, then they had knowledge from the king by the marshals of the host, that the next week every man should provide for carts and charettes, tents and pavilions, to lie in the field, and for all other necessaries thereto belonging, to the intent to draw toward Scotland. And when every man was ready apparelled, the king and all his barons went out of the city, and the first night they lodged six mile forward. And sir John of Hainault and his company were lodged always as per the king as might be, to do him the more honour, and also to the intent that the archers should have no advantage of him nor of his company. And there the king abode two days and two nights, tarrying for all them that were behind, and to be well advised that they lacked nothing. And on the third day they dislodged and went forward till they came to the full of flint and great stones, called the water of Tyne. And on this river standeth the town and castle of Carlisle, [Note. Carlisle is on the River Eden rather than the River Tyne] the which sometime was king Arthur's, and held his court there oftentimes. Also on that river is assised the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in the which town was ready the marshal of England with a great company of men of arms, to keep the country against the Scots : and at Carlisle was the lord Hereford and the lord Mowbray, who were governours there, to defend the Scots the passage ; for the Scots could not enter into England, but they must pass this said river in one place or other. The Englishmen could hear no tidings of the Scots till they were come to the entry of the said country. The Scots were passed this river so privily, that they of Carlisle nor yet of Newcastle knew nothing thereof, for between the said towns it was twenty-four English mile. [Note. Geographical error. Fifty miles] These Scottish men are right hardy and sore travailing in harness and in wars. For when they will enter into England, within a day and a night they will drive their whole host twenty-four mile, for they are all a-horseback, without it be the trandals and laggers of the host, who follow after afoot. The knights and squires are well horsed, and the common people and other on little hackneys and geldings ; and they carry with them no carts nor chariots, for the diversities of the mountains that they must pass through in the country of Northumberland. They take with them no purveyance of bread nor wine, for their usage and soberness is such in time of war, that they will pass in the journey a great long time with flesh half sodden, without bread, and drink of the river water without wine, and they neither care for pots nor pans, for they seethe beasts in their own skins. They are ever sure to find plenty of beasts in the country that they will pass through : therefore they carry with them none other purveyance, but on their horse between the saddle and the panel they truss a broad plate of metal, and behind the saddle they will have a little sack full of oatmeal, to the intent that when they have eaten of the sodden flesh,' then they lay this plate on the fire and temper a little of the oatmeal ; and when the plate is hot, they cast of the thin paste thereon, and so make a little cake in manner of a cracknell or biscuit, and that they eat to comfort withal their stomachs. Wherefore it is no great marvel though they make greater journeys than other people do. And in this manner were the Scots entered into the said country, and wasted and brent all about as they went, and took great number of beasts. They were to the number of four thousand men of arms, knights and squires, mounted on good horses, and other ten thousand men of war were armed after their guise, right hardy and fierce, mounted on little hackneys, the which were never tied nor kept at hard meat, but let go to pasture in the fields and bushes. They had two good captains, for king Robert of Scotland, who in his days had been hardy and prudent, was as then of great age and sore grieved with the great sickness ; but he had made one of his captains a gentle prince and a valiant in arms called the earl of Moray, bearing in his arms silver, three oreillers gules; and the other was the lord William Douglas, who was reputed for the most hardy knight and greatest adventurer in all the realm of Scotland, and he bare azure, a chief silver. These two lords were renowned as chief in all deeds of arms and great prowess in all Scotland.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XVIII - How the king of England made his first journey against the Scots. Thus rode forth all that day the young king of England by mountains and deserts without finding any highway, town or village. And when it was against night they came to the river of Tyne, to the same place whereas the Scots had passed over into England, wtening to them that they must needs repass again the same way. Then the king of England and his host passed over the same river with such guides as he had, with much pain and travail, for the passage was full of great stones. And when they were over, they lodged them that night by the river side, and by that time the sun was gone to rest, and there was but few among them that had either axe or hook, or any instrument to cut down any wood to make their lodgings withal; and there were many that had lost their own company and wist not where they were. Some of the footmen were far behind and wist not well what way to take ; but such as knew best the country said plainly they had ridden the same day twenty-four English miles, for they rode as fast as they might without any rest, but at such passages as they could not choose. All this night they lay by this river side, still in their harness, holding their horses by their reins in their hands, for they wist not whereunto to tie them. Thus their horses did eat no meat of all that night nor day before: they had neither oats for forage for them, nor the people of the host had no sustenance of all that day nor night, but every man his loaf that he had carried behind him, the which was sore wet with the sweat of the horses ; nor they drank none other drink but the water of the river, without it were some of the lords that had carried bottles with them ; nor they had no fire nor light, for they had nothing to make light withal, without it were some of the lords that had torches brought with them.
In this great trouble and danger they passed all that night, their armour still on their backs, their horses ready saddled. And when the day began to appear, the which was greatly desired of all the whole host, they trusted then to find some redress for themselves and for their horses, or else to fight with their enemies, the which they greatly desired to the intent to be delivered out of tantes ; but so all that night they were fain to fast, nor their horses had nothing but leaves of trees and herbs : they cut down boughs of trees with their swords to tie withal their horses and to make themselves lodges. And about noon some poor folks of the country were found, and they said how they were as then fourteen mile from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and eleven mile from Carlisle, and that there was no town nearer to them wherein they might find anything to do them ease withal. And when this was shewed to the king and to the lords of his council, incontinent were sent thither horses and sumpters to fetch thence some purveyance ; and there was a cry in the king's name made in the town of Newcastle, that whosoever would bring bread or wine or any other victual should be paid therefore incontinent at a good price, and that they should be conducted to the host in safe-guard ; for it was published openly that the king nor his host would not depart from the place that they were in, till they had some tidings where their enemies were become. And the next day by noon such as had been sent for victual returned again to the host with such purveyances as they could get, and that was not over much, and with them came other folks of the country with little nags charged with bread evil baken in panniers, and small poor wine in barrels, and other victual to sell in the host, whereby great part of the host were well refreshed and eased.
On Oct 1265 Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) was appointed Governor of Carlisle Castle.
In 1484 Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (60) was appointed Governor of Carlisle Castle.
On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Bridewell Palace. .
After 1643 Philip Musgrave 2nd Baronet Musgrave of Eden Hall 1607-1678 was appointed Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Corby Castle, Corby
Rose Castle, Dalston
Edenhall Castle, Edenhall
Around 1048 Forne Fitzlyulph 1048-1129 was born at Greystoke.
In 1080 Edith Forne 1080-1152 was born to Forne Fitzlyulph 1048-1129 (32) at Greystoke.
In 1129 Forne Fitzlyulph 1048-1129 (81) died at Greystoke.
On 11 Jan 1374 Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke, Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 (70) died at Greystoke. She was buried at Durham Cathedral.
In 1413 Catherine Clifford Baroness Greystoke 1369-1413 (44) died at Greystoke.
Greystoke Castle, Greystoke
On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke 1389-1436 (18) and Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) were married at Greystoke Castle, Greystoke. Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke 1393-1434 (14) by marriage Baroness Greystoke.
Before 1330 Joan Harrington 1329- was born to John Harrington 1st Baron Harington 1281-1347 and Margaret aka Joan Dacre Baroness Harington 1283-1347 at Harrington.
On 15 Apr 1513 Mary Fenwick Lady Millom -1513 died at Millom.
In 1383 Hugh Dacre 4th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1335-1383 (48) died. He was buried at Lanercost Priory. In 1383 His son William Dacre 5th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1357-1398 (26) succeeded 5th Baron Dacre Gilsland (1C 1321). Joan Douglas Baroness Dacre Gilsland by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland (1C 1321).
On 30 May 1485 Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (61) died. He was buried at Lanercost Priory. His son Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17) succeeded 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (3C 1482).
On 25 Oct 1861 James Graham 2nd Baronet Graham 1792-1861 (69) died at Netherby. His son Frederick Ulric Graham 3rd Baronet Graham 1820-1888 (41) succeeded 3rd Baronet Graham of Netherby in Cumberland. Jane Hermione Seymour Baronetess Graham 1832-1909 (29) by marriage Lady Graham of Netherby in Cumberland.
Times Newspaper Deaths. 13 Feb 1867. DEATH OF LORD FEVERSHAM. We regret to announce the death, after a short illness, of Lord Feversham, which occurred on Monday night at his residence in Great Cumberland Street. The late William Duncombe Baron Feversham, of Dancombe Park, County York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, was son of Charles first Lord by his marriage with Lady Charlotte Legge, only daughter of William, second Earl of Dartmouth. He was born on the 14th of January, 1798, so that he was in his 69th year. The deceased nobleman was educted at Eton, and afterwards proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford. He married l8th of December, 1823, Lady Louisa Stewart (63), third daugtter of George, eighth Earl of Galloway, by whom,who survives his Lordship, he leaves issue the Hon. Wiliam E. Duncombe (38), M.P., and Captain the Hon. Cecil Duncombe, of the 1st Life Guards, and three daughters, the Hon Jane, married l1th of April, 1849, to the Hon. Laurence Parsons; the Hon. Gertrude (39), married 27th of November 1&19, to Mr. Francis Horatio Fitzroy (43); and the Hon. Helen, married 18th of July, 1855, to Mr. William Becket Denison. Previously to his accession to tbe peerage on the death of his father in July, 1841, he repreeented Yorkshire in the House of Cormmons from 1826 to 1830. At the general election in 1831 he was unsuceessful candidatu for the coenty, but was returned for the North Riding in the following year, which he continued to represent till 18S1. He voted against the Reforzn Bill of 1832, and was uniformly in favour of agricultural protection. He took great interest in agricultural pursuit, And was a distinguished member of the Royal Agricultural Society, of which he was one of the trustees The deceased noblemna is succeded by his eldest son, the Hon. Wiliam Ernest Duncombe (38), above me6tioned, who was born January 28 1829, and married, August 7, 1851, Mabel Violet, second daughter of the late Right Hon. Sir James Graham, of Netherby. He was M.P. for East Retford from February, 1852, to 1857 and elected for the North Riding of Yorkshire inI 1859, anA was also returned at the last general election After a sharp contest, being second on the poll. He is Captain of the Yorkshire Yeomianry (Hussars) Cavalry, and Lientenent Colonel of the 2d North Riding like his deceased father, he is a supporter of Lord Derby, but in favour of such a measure of Parliamentary Reforms would give no undue preponderance to any one class, but would ensure to a fair distribution of political privileges.
Muncaster Castle, Ravenglass
On 11 Nov 1816 Charles Hugh Lindsay 1816-1889 was born at Muncaster Castle, Ravenglass.
On 25 Nov 1542 Thomas Wharton 1st Baron Wharton 1495-1568 (47) commanded the English forces at Battle of Solway Moss at Solway Moss. John Thynne 1515-1580 (27) fought. Of the Scottish army Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming 1494-1547 (48), Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558 (27) and Laurence Oliphant 3rd Lord Oliphant -1566 fought.
In 1450 Lancelot Threlkeld 1450-1512 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (15) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (14) at Threlkeld.
In 1463 Jane Threlkeld 1463-1542 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (28) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (27) at Threlkeld.
Around 1466 James Threlkeld 1466-1468 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (31) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (30) at Threlkeld.
Around 1468 Elizabeth Threlkeld 1468-1470 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (33) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (32) at Threlkeld.
Around 1470 Christopher Threlkeld 1470-1539 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (35) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (34) at Threlkeld.
In 1502 Margaret Threlkeld 1459-1502 (43) died at Threlkeld.
On Dec 1512 Lancelot Threlkeld 1450-1512 (62) died at Threlkeld.
Holy Trinity Church, Wetheral
On 04 Mar 1776 Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey 1776-1861 was born to William Ponsonby 1st Baron Ponsonby 1744-1806 (31) and Louisa Molesworth Countess Fitzwilliam 1749-1824 (27) in Whitehaven.
In 1478 Margaret Threlkeld 1478-1551 was born to Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (43) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (42) at Yanwath.
On 22 Apr 1493 Lancelot Threlkeld 1435-1493 (58) died at Yanwath.