History of Strand

1596 Death of Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon

1599 Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

1601 Essex Rebellion

1604 Treaty of London

1658 Death and Funeral of Oliver Cromwell

1660 Charles II Proclaimed enters London

1660 Rump Parliament

1671 Raid on Panama

1676 Treaty of Nimeguen

In 1643 William Fitzwilliam 1st Baron Fitzwilliam 1578-1643 (65) died in the Strand. In 1643 His son William Fitzwilliam 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam 1609-1658 (34) succeeded 2nd Baron Fitzwilliam.

Charles II Proclaimed enters London

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 May. 29th May 1660. This day, his Majesty (30), Charles II. came to London, after a sad and long exile and calamitous suffering both of the King (30) and Church, being seventeen years. This was also his birthday, and with a triumph of above 20,000 horse and foot, brandishing their swords, and shouting with inexpressible joy; the ways strewn with flowers, the bells ringing, the streets hung with tapestry, fountains running with wine; the Mayor, Aldermen, and all the companies, in their liveries, chains of gold, and banners; Lords and Nobles, clad in cloth of silver, gold, and velvet; the windows and balconies, all set with ladies; trumpets, music, and myriads of people flocking, even so far as from Rochester, so as they were seven hours in passing the city, even from two in the afternoon till nine at night.
I stood in the Strand and beheld it, and blessed God. And all this was done without one drop of blood shed, and by that very army which rebelled against him: but it was the Lord's doing, for such a restoration was never mentioned in any history, ancient or modern, since the return of the Jews from their Babylonish captivity; nor so joyful a day and so bright ever seen in this nation, this happening when to expect or effect it was past all human policy..

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 May. 14th May 1662. To London, being chosen one of the Commissioners for reforming the buildings, ways, streets, and incumbrances, and regulating the hackney coaches in the city of London, taking my oath before my Lord Chancellor (53), and then went to his Majesty's (31) Surveyor's office, in Scotland Yard, about naming and establishing officers, adjourning till the 16th, when I went to view how St. Martin's Lane might be made more passable into the Strand. There were divers gentlemen of quality in this commission.

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Around 1763. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Northumberland House looking towards Strand. Note the Percy Lion; crest of the Duke Northumberland. And the statue of Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 which remains in situ on the corner of what is now the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Cecil House, Strand

Durham Place, Strand

On 25 May 1553 Guildford Dudley 1535-1554 (18) and Lady Jane Grey (17) were married at Durham Place, Strand.

Around 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Jane "Nine Day Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland 1536-1554.

Essex House

On 08 Nov 1596 a double marriage ceremony, both daughters of Edward Somerset 4th Earl Worcester 1550-1628 (46) was held at Essex House. William Petre 2nd Baron Petre 1575-1637 (21) and Katherine Somerset Baroness Petre 1575-1625 (21) were married. Henry Guildford 1566- and Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (6) were married.

Essex Rebellion

On 08 Feb 1601 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) and three others were held hostage by Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) at Essex House. Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley 1540-1617 (61) attempted to rouse London but his support never materialised. When he returned to Essex House he found the hostages gone. Essex House was besieged by the Queen's men under Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (65). Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624 (27) surrendered. Charles Danvers 1568-1601 (33) and Christopher Blount 1565-1601 took part. Roger Manners 5th Earl Rutland 1576-1612 (24) was implicated and was imprisoned for several months. He was fined £30000; a staggering amount three times more than any other conspirator. .

On 08 Jan 1621 Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport 1597-1666 (24) took part in a Masque before Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (20) staged by James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (41) at Essex House.

John Evelyn's Diary 1672 October. 13 Oct 1672. After sermon (being summoned before), I went to my Lord Keeper's, Sir Orlando Bridgeman (66), at Essex House, where our new patent was opened and read, constituting us that were of the Council of Plantations, to be now of the Council of Trade also, both united. After the patent was read, we all took our oaths, and departed.

Exeter House

On 08 Oct 1639 Frances Howard Duchess Lennox, Duchess Richmond 1578-1639 (61) died at Exeter House. She was buried at Westminster Abbey.

John Evelyn's Diary 1657 December. 25th December, 1657. I went to London with my wife (22), to celebrate Christmas-day, Mr. Gunning (43) preaching in Exeter chapel, on Micah vii. 2. Sermon ended, as he was giving us the Holy Sacrament, the chapel was surrounded with soldiers, and all the communicants and assembly surprised and kept prisoners by them, some in the house, others carried away. It fell to my share to be confined to a room in the house, where yet I was permitted to dine with the master of it, the Countess of Dorset (35), Lady Hatton, and some others of quality who invited me. In the afternoon, came Colonel Whalley, Goffe, and others, from Whitehall, to examine us one by one; some they committed to the marshal, some to prison. When I came before them, they took my name and abode, examined me why, contrary to the ordinance made, that none should any longer observe the superstitious time of the nativity (so esteemed by them), I durst offend, and particularly be at common prayers, which they told me was but the mass in English, and particularly pray for Charles Stuart (27); for which we had no Scripture. I told them we did not pray for Charles Stuart (27), but for all Christian kings, princes, and governors. They replied, in so doing we prayed for the king of Spain, too, who was their enemy and a Papist, with other frivolous and ensnaring questions, and much threatening; and, finding no color to detain me, they dismissed me with much pity of my ignorance. These were men of high flight and above ordinances, and spoke spiteful things of our Lord's nativity. As we went up to receive the Sacrament, the miscreants held their muskets against us, as if they would have shot us at the altar; but yet suffering us to finish the office of Communion, as perhaps not having instructions what to do, in case they found us in that action. So I got home late the next day; blessed be God!.

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 March. 7th March 1658. To London, to hear Dr. Taylor (45) in a private house on Luke xiii. 23, 24. After the sermon, followed the blessed Communion, of which I participated. In the afternoon, Dr. Gunning (44), at Exeter House, expounding part of the Creed.
This had been the severest winter that any man alive had known in England. The crows' feet were frozen to their prey. Islands of ice inclosed both fish and fowl frozen, and some persons in their boats.

Rump Parliament

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1660 January. 01 Jan 1660. Sunday. Blessed be God, at the end of the last year I was in very good health, without any sense of my old pain, but upon taking of cold.
I lived in Axe Yard having my wife (19), and servant Jane, and no more in family than us three.
My wife (19) … gave me hopes of her being with child, but on the last day of the year … [the hope was belied.] The condition of the State was thus; viz. the Rump, after being disturbed by my Lord Lambert (40), was lately returned to sit again. The officers of the Army all forced to yield. Lawson (45) lies still in the river, and Monk (51) is with his army in Scotland. Only my Lord Lambert (40) is not yet come into the Parliament, nor is it expected that he will without being forced to it.
The new Common Council of the City do speak very high; and had sent to Monk (51) their sword-bearer, to acquaint him with their desires for a free and full Parliament, which is at present the desires, and the hopes, and expectation of all. Twenty-two of the old secluded members having been at the House-door the last week to demand entrance, but it was denied them; and it is believed that they nor the people will be satisfied till the House be filled.
My own private condition very handsome, and esteemed rich, but indeed very poor; besides my goods of my house, and my office, which at present is somewhat uncertain. Mr. Downing (35) master of my office.
(Lord’s Day) This morning (we living lately in the garret) I rose, put on my suit with great skirts, having not lately worn any other, clothes but them.
Went to Mr. Gunning’s (46) chapel at Exeter House, where he made a very good sermon upon these words: — "That in the fulness of time God sent his Son, made of a woman," &c.; showing, that, by "made under the law," is meant his circumcision, which is solemnized this day.
Dined at home in the garret, where my wife (19) dressed the remains of a turkey, and in the doing of it she burned her hand.
I staid at home all the afternoon, looking over my accounts.
Then went with my wife (19) to my father’s (58), and in going observed the great posts which the City have set up at the Conduit in Fleet-street.
Supt at my, father’s (58), where in came Mrs. The. Turner (8) and Madam Morrice, and supt with us. After that my wife (19) and I went home with them, and so to our own home.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 January. 1st January 1660. Annus Mirabilis. Begging God's blessings for the following year, I went to Exeter Chapel, when Mr. Gunning (46) began the year on Galatians iv. 3-7, showing the love of Christ in shedding his blood so early for us.

On 26 Feb 1671 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl Shaftesbury 1671-1713 was born to Anthony Ashley-Cooper 2nd Earl Shaftesbury 1652-1699 (19) and Dorothy Manners Countess Shaftesbury 1656-1698 (15) at Exeter House.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl Shaftesbury 1671-1713 (31) and Maurice Ashley-Cooper 1675-1726 (27).

Half Moon

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1660 January. 12 Jan 1660. Thursday. I drink my morning at Harper's with Mr. Sheply and a seaman, and so to my office, where Captain Holland came to see me, and appointed a meeting in the afternoon. Then wrote letters to Hinchinbroke and sealed them at Will's, and after that went home, and thence to the Half Moon, where I found the Captain and Mr. Billingsly and Newman, a barber, where we were very merry, and had the young man that plays so well on the Welsh harp. Billingsly paid for all. Thence home, and finding my letters this day not gone by the carrier I new sealed them, but my brother Tom (26) coming we fell into discourse about my intention to feast the Joyces. I sent for a bit of meat for him from the cook's, and forgot to send my letters this night. So I went to bed, and in discourse broke to my wife (19) what my thoughts were concerning my design of getting money by, &c.

Howard Street, Strand

On 10 Dec 1692 William Mountfort Actor 1664-1692 (28) died. The previous day he had been stabbed accidentally in Howard Street, Strand by Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (17) during a scuffle.

Northumberland aka Suffolk House, Strand

On 29 Apr 1817 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland 1785-1847 (32) and Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland 1787-1866 (29) were married at Northumberland aka Suffolk House, Strand.


The Manuscripts of His Grace the Duke of Rutland 1640. 04 Jan 1640. Savoy.
F. Lord Willoughby to his uncle, the Earl of Rutland (60), at Belvoir Castle.
When we ate yonr venison my wife and I drank your health and my Lady’s and did not forget little Mr. George, whom, I am glad to hear, grows towards a man. “There hath beene a marriage at the court betweene one of my Lord of Corcke (73) sonnse (21) and my Lady Elizabeth Feelding, about which there is a greate stur, for it seemes he did not prove eoe rite as a man should be to goo about such a business. For the report goese that his manly part had lost something in his former serviocesse, and beside that he was soe full of severall disceases ... as that it was tould the Queene (30), whoe sent for my Lady Elizabeth, and tould her that she must desier her not to lett her husband lye with her that night, whoe put of, modilestly making little answere, but she seemed so lothe to understand the Queene (30), as that she tould her she must command her not to come in a pair of sheets with him, and tould her the reasons ; soe as that he is gone out of the way some say into France, others thinks he is in London under cower. It was discovered by his sister (30) Mr. Goring’s (31) wife, to whom he had imparted his grevancess, and she had plotted it soe, to make an excuse for him, that he should falie downe stares that day, and she would come and take him up, and soe he should complane how he had breused himselfe and strained his back with the fale, that he should be soe ill he was not fitt to goe to bed to his wife that night. But could not keepe her counsel but must tell her husband Jorge Goring (31), and he presently ran and tould the Queene (30), and soe it was discovered and then it was presently in every buddy’s mouth.”
My Lord Keeper is so ill that the physicians think he cannot recover. My Lord Chief Justice Bramstone is talked of to be Lord Keeper, and Bishop Wren (54). It is known to be between those two. My Lord Finch (12) will be Chief Justice of the King's Bench and the Attorney General to be Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. Signet.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

Savoy Chapel Royal

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 November. 4th November, 1662. I was invited to the wedding of the daughter of Sir George Carteret (52) (The Treasurer of the Navy and King's Vice-Chamberlain), married to Sir Nicholas Slaning (19), Knight of the Bath, by the Bishop of London (64), in the Savoy chapel; after which was an extraordinary feast.

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 March. 18 Mar 1683. I went to hear Dr. Horneck (42) preach at the Savoy Church, on Phil. ii. 5. He was a German born, a most pathetic preacher, a person of a saint-like life, and hath written an excellent treatise on Consideration.

In 1685 Anne Killigrew 1660-1685 (25) died of smallpox. She was buried at Savoy Chapel Royal.

On 18 Oct 1881 Henry Cornwallis Eliot 5th Earl St Germans 1835-1911 (46) and Emily Harriet Labouchere 4th Countess St Germans 1844-1933 (37) were married at Savoy Chapel Royal. Emily Harriet Labouchere 4th Countess St Germans 1844-1933 (37) by marriage 4th Countess St Germans.

Savoy French Church

John Evelyn's Diary 1656 August. 3d August 1656. I went to London, to receive the Blessed Sacrament, the first time the Church of England was reduced to a chamber and conventicle; so sharp was the persecution. The parish churches were filled with sectaries of all sorts, blasphemous and ignorant mechanics usurping the pulpits everywhere. Dr. Wild preached in a private house in Fleet Street, where we had a great meeting of zealous Christians, who were generally much more devout and religious than in our greatest prosperity. In the afternoon, I went to the French Church in the Savoy, where I heard Monsieur d'Espagne catechize, and so returned to my house.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 March. 20 Mar 1670. A stranger preached at the Savoy French church; the Liturgy of the Church of England being now used altogether, as translated into French by Dr. Durell.

Savoy Palace, Strand

Death of John II King France

On 01 July 1363 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) was informed that his son had escaped from his captivity. John announced he would return to England as a matter of honour. He left around Dec 1363 arriving in London to parades and feasts.
On 08 Apr 1364 John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 (44) died at Savoy Palace, Strand. His son Charles V King France 1338-1380 (24) succeeded V King France: Capet Valois.

On 03 Apr 1606 Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (43) died at Savoy Palace, Strand.

On 27 Mar 1629 George Carew 1st Earl Totnes 1555-1629 (73) died at Savoy Palace, Strand. He was buried at Clopton Chantry Chapel, Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-Upon-Avon.

Savoy Hospital, Strand

On 15 Jun 1644 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (81) died at the Savoy Hospital, Strand.

Battle of Lowestoft

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 June. 08 Jun 1665. I went again to his Grace, thence to the Council, and moved for another privy seal for £20,000, and that I might have the disposal of the Savoy Hospital for the sick and wounded; all which was granted. Hence to the Royal Society, to refresh among the philosophers.
Came news of his highness's (35) victory, which indeed might have been a complete one, and at once ended the war, had it been pursued, but the cowardice of some, or treachery, or both, frustrated that. We had, however, bonfires, bells, and rejoicing in the city. Next day, the 9th, I had instant orders to repair to the Downs, so as I got to Rochester this evening. Next day I lay at Deal, where I found all in readiness: but, the fleet being hindered by contrary winds, I came away on the 12th, and went to Dover, and returned to Deal; and on the 13th, hearing the fleet was at Solbay, I went homeward, and lay at Chatham, and on the 14th, I got home. On the 15th, came the eldest son of the present Secretary of State to the French King, with much other company, to dine with me. After dinner, I went with him to London, to speak to my Lord General for more guards, and gave his Majesty (35) an account of my journey to the coasts under my inspection. I also waited on his Royal Highness (31), now come triumphant from the fleet, gotten into repair. See the whole history of this conflict in my "History of the Dutch War.".

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 August. 17 Aug 1666. Dined with the Lord Chancellor (57), whom I entreated to visit the Hospital of the Savoy, and reduce it (after the great abuse that had been continued) to its original institution for the benefit of the poor, which he promised to do.

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 August. 25 Aug 1666. Waited on Sir William D'Oyly (52), now recovered, as it were, miraculously. In the afternoon, visited the Savoy Hospital, where I stayed to see the miserably dismembered and wounded men dressed, and gave some necessary orders. Then to my Lord Chancellor (57), who had, with the Bishop of London (74) and others in the commission, chosen me one of the three surveyors of the repairs of Paul's, and to consider of a model for the new building, or, if it might be, repairing of the steeple, which was most decayed.

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 September. 06 Sep 1666. Thursday. I represented to his Majesty (36) the case of the French prisoners at war in my custody, and besought him that there might be still the same care of watching at all places contiguous to unseized houses. It is not indeed imaginable how extraordinary the vigilance and activity of the King (36) and the Duke (32) was, even laboring in person, and being present to command, order, reward, or encourage workmen; by which he showed his affection to his people, and gained theirs. Having, then, disposed of some under cure at the Savoy, I returned to Whitehall, where I dined at Mr. Offley's [Note. Not clear who Mr Offley is? John Evelyn's (45) brother George Evelyn of Wotton 1617-1699 (49) was married to Mary Offley -1664], the groom-porter, who was my relation.

Somerset House

Death of Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon

On 23 Jul 1596 Henry Carey 1st Baron Hunsdon 1526-1596 (70) died at Somerset House. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (62) was present. She, apparently, proposed he be made Earl Wiltshire. He refused saying ... "Madam, as you did not count me worthy of this honour in life, then I shall account myself not worthy of it in death". His son George Carey 2nd Baron Hunsdon 1547-1603 (49) succeeded 2nd Baron Hunsdon. Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon, Baroness Eure 1552-1618 (44) by marriage Baroness Hunsdon.

Treaty of London

On 18 Aug 1604 the Treaty of London was signed concluding the nineteen-year Anglo-Spanish War. The treaty restored the 'Status quo' between the two nations. The negotiations probably took place at Somerset House in Westminster and are sometimes known as the Somerset House Conference.

On May 1614 Edward Rodney 1590-1657 (23) and Frances Southwell -1659 were married at Somerset House.

John Evelyn's Diary 1652 March. 06 Mar 1652. Saw the magnificent funeral of that arch-rebel, Ireton, carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westminster, accompanied with divers regiments of soldiers, horse and foot; then marched the mourners, General Cromwell (52) (his father-in-law), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and forty poor men in gowns, three led horses in housings of black cloth, two led in black velvet, and his charging horse, all covered over with embroidery and gold, on crimson velvet; then the guidons, ensigns, four heralds, carrying the arms of the State (as they called it), namely, the red cross and Ireland, with the casque, wreath, sword, spurs, etc.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet, and six horses, in which was the corpse; the pall held up by the mourners on foot; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of the plague), carried before in black scarfs. Thus, in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, soldiers reversing their arms, they proceeded through the streets in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebel, and had been very bloody to the King (21)'s party, witness his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle. My cousin, R. Fanshawe (43), came to visit me, and informed me of many considerable affairs. Sir Henry Herbert (57) presented me with his brother, my Lord Cherbury's book, "De Veritate.".

Death and Funeral of Oliver Cromwell

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 October. 22d October, 1658. Saw the superb funeral of the protector. He was carried from Somerset House in a velvet bed of state, drawn by six horses, housed with the same; the pall held by his new lords; Oliver lying in effigy, in royal robes, and crowned with a crown, sceptre, and globe, like a king. The pendants and guidons were carried by the officers of the army; the imperial banners, achievements, etc., by the heralds in their coats; a rich caparisoned horse, embroidered all over with gold; a knight of honor, armed cap-a-pie, and, after all, his guards, soldiers, and innumerable mourners. In this equipage, they proceeded to Westminster: but it was the most joyful funeral I ever saw; for there were none that cried but dogs, which the soldiers hooted away with a barbarous noise, drinking and taking tobacco in the streets as they went.
I returned not home till the 17th of November.
I was summoned again to London by the commissioners for new foundations to be erected within such a distance of London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1672 April. 04 Apr 1672. I went to see the fopperies of the Papists at Somerset-House and York-House, where now the French Ambassador had caused to be represented our Blessed Savior at the Pascal Supper with his disciples, in figures and puppets made as big as the life, of wax-work, curiously clad and sitting round a large table, the room nobly hung, and shining with innumerable lamps and candles: this was exposed to all the world; all the city came to see it. Such liberty had the Roman Catholics at this time obtained.

Treaty of Nimeguen

John Evelyn's Diary 1676 May. 07 May 1676. I spoke to the Duke of York (42) about my Lord Berkeley's (74) going to Nimeguen. Thence, to the Queen's Council at Somerset House, about Mrs. Godolphin's (23) lease of Spalding, in Lincolnshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 April. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 January. 23 Jan 1686. I din'd at my Lady Arlington's (52), groome of the stole to the Queene Dowager (47), at Somerset House, where din'd the Countesses of Devonshire (40), Dover (76), &c. in all 11 ladys of quality, no man but myselfe being there.

In 1651 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656 (58). Portrait of Elisabeth Nassau-Beverweert Countess Arlington 1633-1718 (17).

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 December. 05 Dec 1686. I dined at my Lady Arlington's (52), Groom of the Stole to the Queen Dowager (48) at Somerset House, where dined divers French noblemen, driven out of their country by the persecution.

Around 1745. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Old Somerset House.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The City from near the Terrace of Somerset House with St Paul's Cathedral.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House In the distance the Banqueting House, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.


1671 Raid on Panama

John Evelyn's Diary 1671 August. 19 Aug 1671. To Council. The letters of Sir Thomas Modiford (51) were read, giving relation of the exploit at Panama, which was very brave; they took, burned, and pillaged the town of vast treasures, but the best of the booty had been shipped off, and lay at anchor in the South Sea, so that, after our men had ranged the country sixty miles about, they went back to Nombre de Dios, and embarked for Jamaica. Such an action had not been done since the famous Drake.
I dined at the Hamburg Resident's, and, after dinner, went to the christening of Sir Samuel Tuke's (56) son, Charles, at Somerset House, by a Popish priest, and many odd ceremonies. The godfathers were the King (41), and Lord Arundel of Wardour (64), and godmother, the Countess of Huntingdon (58). [Note. This must refer to the Dowager Countess of Huntingdon wife of Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon 1608-1656 since his successor Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon 1650-1701 (20) didn't marry until 1672.].

On 11 Oct 1737 Thomas Drury 1st Baronet Drury 1712-1759 (24) and Martha Tyrrell Baronetess Drury 1716-1768 (20) were married at Chapel.

Suffolk Street, Strand

On 12 Apr 1678 Thomas Stanley 1625-1678 (53) died at Suffolk Street, Strand. He was buried at St Martin's in the Fields.

The Cock Inn

John Evelyn's Diary 1671 December. 23 Dec 1671. The Councillors of the Board of Trade dined together at the Cock, in Suffolk street.

Villiers Street, Strand

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 November. 17 Nov 1683. I took a house in Villiers Street, York Buildings, for the winter, having many important concerns to dispatch, and for the education of my daughters.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

Worcester House

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 December. 22d December, 1660. The marriage of the Chancellor's (51) daughter (23) being now newly owned, I went to see her, she being Sir Richard Browne's (55) intimate acquaintance when she waited on the Princess of Orange (29); she was now at her father's, at Worcester House, in the Strand. We all kissed her hand, as did also my Lord Chamberlain (58) (Manchester) and Countess of Northumberland (52). This was a strange change—can it succeed well?—I spent the evening at St. James's, whither the Princess Henrietta was retired during the fatal sickness of her sister, the Princess of Orange (29), now come over to salute the King (30) her brother. The Princess gave my wife (25) an extraordinary compliment and gracious acceptance, for the "Character" she had presented her the day before, and which was afterward printed.

York House

Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

On 29 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) was compelled to stand before the Council during a five-hour interrogation. The Council, which included his uncle William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (55), took a quarter of an hour to compile a report, which declared that his truce with O'Neill was indefensible and his flight from Ireland tantamount to a desertion of duty. He was committed to the custody of Sir Richard Berkeley 1531-1605 (68) in his own York House on 1 October.

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 November. 27th November, 1655. To London about Sir Nicholas Crisp's (56) designs.
I went to see York House and gardens, belonging to the former great Buckingham, but now much ruined through neglect.
Thence, to visit honest and learned Mr. Hartlib (55), a public spirited and ingenious person, who had propagated many useful things and arts. He told me of the castles which they set for ornament on their stoves in Germany (he himself being a Lithuanian, as I remember), which are furnished with small ordnance of silver on the battlements, out of which they discharge excellent perfumes about the rooms, charging them with a little powder to set them on fire, and disperse the smoke: and in truth no more than need, for their stoves are sufficiently nasty. He told me of an ink that would give a dozen copies, moist sheets of paper being pressed on it; and remain perfect; and a receipt how to take off any print without the least injury to the original. This gentleman was master of innumerable curiosities, and very communicative. I returned home that evening by water; and was afflicted for it with a cold that had almost killed me.
This day, came forth the Protector's (56) Edict, or Proclamation, prohibiting all ministers of the Church of England from preaching or teaching any schools, in which he imitated the apostate, Julian; with the decimation of all the royal party's revenues throughout England.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 December. 29th December, 1662. Saw the audience of the Muscovy Ambassador (17), which was with extraordinary state, his retinue being numerous, all clad in vests of several colors, with buskins, after the Eastern manner! their caps of fur; tunics, richly embroidered with gold and pearls, made a glorious show. the King (32) being seated under a canopy in the Banqueting House, the Secretary of the Embassy went before the Ambassador (17) in a grave march, holding up his master's letters of credence in a crimson taffeta scarf before his forehead. The Ambassador (17) then delivered it with a profound reverence to the King (32), who gave it to our Secretary of State: it was written in a long and lofty style. Then came in the presents, borne by 165 of his retinue, consisting of mantles and other large pieces lined with sable, black fox, and ermine; Persian carpets, the ground cloth of gold and velvet; hawks, such as they said never came the like; horses said to be Persian; bows and arrows, etc. These borne by so long a train rendered it very extraordinary. Wind music played all the while in the galleries above. This finished, the Ambassador was conveyed by the master of the ceremonies to York House, where he was treated with a banquet, which cost £200, as I was assured.

John Evelyn's Diary 1672 April. 04 Apr 1672. I went to see the fopperies of the Papists at Somerset-House and York-House, where now the French Ambassador had caused to be represented our Blessed Savior at the Pascal Supper with his disciples, in figures and puppets made as big as the life, of wax-work, curiously clad and sitting round a large table, the room nobly hung, and shining with innumerable lamps and candles: this was exposed to all the world; all the city came to see it. Such liberty had the Roman Catholics at this time obtained.

York Water Gate

Around 1746. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The City of Westminster from River Thames near the York Water Gate with Westminster Bridge under construction.

Around 1746. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. The City of Westminster from River Thames near the York Water Gate with Westminster Bridge under construction.

In 1746 John Rocque Mapmaker 1704-1762 (42). Map of London Part 2C.

York Buildings Water Tower

The York Buildings Water Tower was a water tower on the north bank of the River Thames and a dominant feature of the 18th century London skyline. The water tower was a wooden structure, 21 metres and with an octagonal cross-section.