Twenty Trees

email@twentytrees.co.uk

Biography of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1428 Siege of Orleans

1448 Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Before 1404 [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 and [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 were married.

In 1404 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 was born to [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (37) and [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (25).

Before 1407 [her future husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 were married (he was her half third cousin once removed).

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard. .
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother [her future husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, [her future husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), , Philip Valois Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 was killed. Jeanne Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

In 1419 [her future husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (30) was created 1st Count Perche.

In 1421 [her future husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (32) was restored 4th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 6th Baron Montagu, 5th Baron Monthermer. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (17) by marriage Countess Salisbury 2C 1337.

After 1421 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Countess Perche.

Before 1423 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married (he was her half fourth cousin). Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

Siege of Orleans

On 03 Nov 1428 [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orleans. His daughter [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 7th Baron Montagu, 6th Baron Monthermer. On 03 Nov 1428 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage 7th Baron Montagu.

On 11 Nov 1430 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Countess Suffolk 3C 1385.

In 1432 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (28) was appointed Lady of the Garter.

On 18 Nov 1434 [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. On 27 Apr 1437 [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (58) died at Ewelme. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Tomb of [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (67) and [her mother] Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 (55) in St Mary's Church Ewelme.
The Arms in two rows left to right ...
Top Row 1  2 Possibly Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495; possibly Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 who married Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York -1431, impaled  3 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 4 Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 impaled  5 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (again?) 6  impaled  7  impaled .
Bottom Row 1  quartered with Newburgh; Earl Warwick reflecting the Beauchamp family having inherited the Earldom of Warwick through marriage to Isabel Maudit who was the sister of William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 who died without issue. Isabel Maudit and William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick 1220-1268 were the children of William Maudit and Alice Beaumont -1262. Alice Beaumont -1262 inherited the Earldom of Warwick when her half-niece Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick -1253 died. 2 Unknown impaled  3  impaled  4  quartered  5  quartered  6  impaled  7  impaled . John Mohun 2nd Baron Mohun Dunster 1320-1375 and Joan Burghesh Baroness Mohun Dunster 1319-1404.

On 27 Sep 1442 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 was born to [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (45) and Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (38).

In 1444 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) was created 1st Marquess Suffolk 1C. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (40) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Around 07 Feb 1444 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married (he was her half third cousin). The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1447 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke 6C 1447. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43) by marriage Countess Pembroke 6C 1447.

In 1448 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (51) was created 1st Duke Suffolk 1C 1448. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44) by marriage Duchess Suffolk 1C 1448.

Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1448 Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44).
After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed. Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded 16th Countess Warwick. Her husband Richard Neville (20) by marriage 16th Earl Warwick 1C 1088; the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker.
The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (42) who was married to Anne's (21) half-sister Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 5th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Before Feb 1458 [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her half third cousin). Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 [her step-daughter] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

On 20 May 1475 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ... .
1  impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents.
2  impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3  impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4  quartered .
5  impaled .
6 .
7 .
8  impaled  signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1  quarterd  impaled Unknown.
2 . Her third husband [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3  quarted . Alice's son [her son] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband [her husband] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 . Alice's father [her father] Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5  quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband [her husband] Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 . Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7  impaling  probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400.
8  impaling . Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Chaucer

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 19 Grand Daughter of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Henry I King France 1008-1060

Ancestry

Father: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434

GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400

GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Great GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 7 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 6 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1254-1306

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Badlesmere Baroness Burghesh 1265-1306

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 4 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 3 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349

GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great GrandFather: Simon Hanham