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Biography of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471

1413 Death of King Henry IV

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1422 Death of Charles VI

1422 Death of Henry V

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

1429 English Coronation of Henry VI

1431 French Coronation of Henry VI

1437 Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1444 Treaty of Tours

1445 Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

1445 Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

1453 Knighting at Greenwich

1453 Henry VI's first Illness

1453 Birth of Edward of Westminster

1454 Neville Percy Feud

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge

1460 Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

1460 Battle of Northampton

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1463 Siege of Norham Castle

1470 Re adeption of Henry VI

1470 Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

1470 Angers Agreement

1471 Death of Henry VI

1471 Battle of Tewkesbury

1495 Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 was buried at Altar St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

John Norreys 1400-1466 was appointed Keeper of the King's Wardrobe to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

The History of King Richard the Third. Richard, the third son, of whom we now treat, was in wit and courage equal with either of them, in body and prowess far under them both: little of stature, ill featured of limbs, crooked-backed, his left shoulder much higher than his right, hard-favored in appearance, and such as is in the case of lords called warlike, in other men called otherwise. He was malicious, wrathful, envious, and from before his birth, ever perverse. It is for truth reported that the Duchess his mother had so much ado in her travail to birth him that she could not be delivered of him uncut, and he came into the world with the feet forward, as men be borne outward, and (as the story runs) also not untoothed. Either men of hatred reported the above for truth or else nature changed her course in his beginning—in the course of whose life many things were unnaturally committed. No unskilled captain was he in war, for which his disposition was more suited than for peace. Sundry victories had he, and sometimes overthrows, but never by fault of his own person, either of hardiness or political order. Free was he called when dispensing gifts, and somewhat above his power liberal; with large gifts he got for himself unsteadfast friendship, for which he was glad to pillage and spoil in other places, and get for himself steadfast hatred. He was close and secret, a deep dissembler, lowly of countenance, arrogant of heart, outwardly friendly where he inwardly hated, not omitting to kiss whom he thought to kill; pitiless and cruel, not for evil will always, but for ambition, and either for the surety or increase of his estate. Friend and foe was much the same; where his advantage grew, he spared no man death whose life withstood his purpose. He slew with his own hands King Henry the Sixth, being prisoner in the Tower, as men constantly say, and that without commandment or knowledge of the King, who would, undoubtedly, if he had intended such a thing, have appointed that butcherly office to some other than his own born brother.

The History of King Richard the Third. Richard, Duke of York, a noble man and a mighty, had begun not by war but by law to challenge the crown, putting his claim into the Parliament. There his cause was either for right or favor so far forth advanced that King Henry (although he had a goodly prince utterly rejected his own blood; the crown was by authority of Parliament entailed unto the Duke of York, and his male issue in remainder, immediately after the death of King Henry. But the Duke, not enduring so long to tarry, but intending under pretext of dissension and debate arising in the realm, to reign before his time and to take upon him the rule in King Henry’s life, was with many nobles of the realm at Wakefield slain, leaving three sons — Edward, George, and Richard.
All three, as they were great states of birth, so were they great and stately of stomach, greedy and ambitious of authority, and impatient of partners. Edward, revenging his father’s death, deprived King Henry and attained the crown.

The History of King Richard the Third. Even after his death, this favor and affection toward him because of the cruelty, mischief, and trouble of the tempestuous world that followed afterwards—increased more highly. At such time as he died, the displeasure of those that bore him grudge for King Henry’s sake, the Sixth, whom he deposed, was well assuaged, and in effect quenched, in that many of them were dead in the more than twenty years of his reign—a great part of a long life. And many of them in the meantime had grown into his favor, of which he was never sparing.

William "The Victorious" Welf 1392-1482 was appointed 167th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

In 1399 [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (12) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399.

Death of King Henry IV

On 20 Mar 1413 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married (he was her half third cousin once removed) at Troyes Cathedral.

On 06 Dec 1421 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 was born to [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (35) and [his mother] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (20) at Windsor Castle.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. His son Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 succeeded  VI King England.
Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

After 29 Sep 1422 Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 was appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

Death of Charles VI

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 (53) died at Hôtel Saint Pol. There two successors to the French throne:.
His grandson King Henry VI succeeded II King France: Lancaster.
Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (19) succeeded VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (18) by marriage Queen Consort France.

After 17 Aug 1424 John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 was appointed 141st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471..

In 1426 Edmund Hungerford 1409-1484 (17) was knighted by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4).

In 1426 Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23) was knighted by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4) at Hereford.

In 1426 Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (29) was appointed 142nd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4).

In Feb 1426 John Fastolf 1380-1459 (46) was appointed 143rd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4)..

1426 Henry VI Knighting ceremony

On 19 May 1426, Whitsunday, Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (4) was knighted by his uncles John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (36) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (35) at Leicester. Henry then went on to knight Ralph Longford 1400-1432 (25), Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (12) and Robert Wingfield 1403-1454 (23).

In 1427 Peter Aviz I Duke Coimbra 1392-1449 (34) was appointed 144th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (5)..

In 1429 John Radclyffe 1380-1441 (49) was appointed 146th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (7).

In 1429 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (26) was appointed 145th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (7)..

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.

Around 1430 Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and [his mother] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) were married.

French Coronation of Henry VI

On 16 Dec 1431 Henry VI (10) was crowned II King France: Lancaster at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (56). A somewhat futile exercise; the last gasps of the Hundred Years War. The ceremony had been arranged by John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (42). His wife Anne Valois Burgundy 1404-1432 (27) attended.
Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (53) was appointed Carver. Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, Hugh Courtenay 12th Earl Devon 1389-1422 and his son Thomas (17) attended.

In Apr 1432 John Fitzalan 14th Earl Arundel 1408-1435 (24) was appointed 147th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (10)..

In 1433 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (21) was appointed 148th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (11)..

In 1435 Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal 1391-1438 (43) was appointed 149th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (13)..

In 1436 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (30) was appointed 150th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (14)..

On 05 May 1436 John Grey 1387-1439 (49) was appointed 151st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (14)..

Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

On 03 Jan 1437 [his mother] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (35) died. She had been married aged eighteen to [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422 for two years three months. Their son was Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (15).
After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37), and had two sons, the elder of which was father to [his nephew] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1438 Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (38) was appointed 152nd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (16).

In 1438 Albert Habsburg V Duke Austria 1397-1439 (40) was appointed 153rd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (16)..

In 1439 Gaston Foix -1455 was appointed 154th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (17)..

Around 1440 Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (51) was appointed 157th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (18)..

In 1440 William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (35) was appointed 155th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (18).

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

In 1441 Eleanor Cobham 1400-1452 (41), wife of the heir presumptive Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester (50), brother of the deceased [his father] Henry V King England 1386-1422, uncle of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (19), was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441 (26). Thomas Southwell died whilst in the Tower of London.
Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441 (26) was burned at the stake.
Eleanor was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

In 1441 Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (56) was appointed Keeper of the King's Wardrobe to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (19).

In 1442 John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (32) was appointed 158th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (20)..

In 1443 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (40) was appointed 156th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (21).

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou (14) in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard Duke of York (32) who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (42) was created 1st Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444 by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 1C 1444.

In 1445 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Powick 1409-1475 (36) was appointed 159th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23).

In 1445 Álvaro Vaz Almada 1st Count Avranches 1390-1449 (55) was appointed 162nd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23).

In 1445 Thomas Hoo 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings 1396-1455 (49) was appointed 161st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23).

Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (33) met Margaret of Anjou (14) at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23).

Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

On 23 Apr 1445 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23) and [his wife] Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (15) were married (he was her third cousin) at Titchfield Abbey Fareham.

In 1446 John Foix Earl Kendal 1410-1485 (35) was appointed 163rd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (24)..

In 1447 Henry "The Navigator" Aviz 1394-1460 (52) was appointed 160th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (25)..

In 1447 François Surrienne was appointed 165th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (25).

In 1447 Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal 1432-1481 (14) was appointed 164th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (25).

On 15 Dec 1449 [his half-brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (19) was created 1st Earl Richmond 7C 1452 by his half-brother Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (28).

In 1450 Alfonso V King Aragon 1396-1458 (54) was appointed 166th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (28).

In 1450 Casimir IV King Poland 1427-1492 (22) was appointed 168th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (28).

In 1450 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (45) was appointed 169th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (28)..

In 1450 Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (47) was appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (28).

In 1451 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (50) was appointed 178th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (29)..

In 1451 John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (35) was appointed 170th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (29).

In 1452 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (48) was appointed 171st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (30)..

On 25 Nov 1452 [his half-brother] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) was created 1st Earl Pembroke 7C 1452.

In 1453 Edward Hull -1453 was appointed 172nd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (31)..

Knighting at Greenwich

On 05 Jan 1453 brothers John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22), William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (30), brothers [his half-brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and [his half-brother] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI (31) at Greenwich.

Henry VI's first Illness

In Aug 1453 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered his first bout of illness; a mental breakdown. He was unresponsive for a year. His paternal grand-father Charles VI of France suffered a similar illness; his sobriquet "Mad".

In Aug 1453 Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (31) suffered a mental breakdown.

Birth of Edward of Westminster

On 13 Oct 1453 [his son] Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 was born to Henry VI (31) and Margaret of Anjou (23) at Westminster Palace. When King Henry (31) recovered from his catatonic state in Jan 1455, he greeted the child as a 'miracle'. There is some speculation as the child's actual father since King Henry (31) and Queen Margaret (23) had been married for eight years before the birth. Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was suggested at the time.

Neville Percy Feud

On 20 Oct 1454 both the Neville and Percy families summoned their retainers to their respective castles: Percy to Topcliffe Castle, Neville to Sheriff of Hutton Castle separated by a distance of around four miles. After several threats from King Henry (32), both sides reached a truce and disbanded their men.

In Jan 1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was released by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33).

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset 2C 1448,.
Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland 1C 1377.
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 fought.

On 01 Nov 1455 [his half-brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle Bletsoe. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond 7C 1452.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 03 Nov 1456 [his half-brother] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (26) died of plague at Carmarthen Castle Carmarthen Carmarthenshire South West Wales leaving his twelve year old wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) pregnant with their child [his nephew] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1457 John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (39) was appointed 173rd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (35)..

In 1457 Thomas Stanley 1st Baron Stanley 1405-1459 (52) was appointed 174th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (35).

In 1457 Frederick "Peaceful or Fat" Habsburg III Holy Roman Emperor 1415-1493 (41) was appointed 176th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (35).

On 14 May 1457 Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (51) was appointed 175th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (35)..

Around 1459 [his half-brother] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (27) was appointed 180th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37)..

In 1459 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (38) was appointed 177th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37)..

In 1459 John Bourchier 1st Baron Berners 1416-1474 (43) was appointed 179th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37).

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge Ludlow. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.
The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight.
John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) were present.
The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed.
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle. .

Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord 39 Hen VI by which Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward of Westminster (7). At the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was appointed Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

1461. Letter XXXVIII. Margaret of Anjou Queen of Henry IV to the Citizens of London. 1461. Letter XXXVII. Margaret of Anjou (30) Queen of Henry IV to the Citizens of London.
Right trusty and well-beloved, we greet you heartily well.
And whereas the late Duke of N. of extreme malice, long hid under colours, imagined by divers and many ways and means the destruction of my lord's (39) good grace, whom God of his mercy ever preserve, hath now late, upon an untrue pretence, feigned a title to my lord's crown, and royal estate, and pre-eminence, contrary to his allegiance and divers solemn oaths of his own offer made, uncompelled or constrained, and fully proposed to have deposed him of his regality, he had been (had it not been for) the sad (firm) unchangeable and true dispositions of you and others, his true liegemen, for the which your worshipful dispositions we thank you as heartily as we can. And howbeit, that the same untrue, unsad, and unadvised person, of very pure malice, disposed to continue in his cruelness, to the utterest undoing, if he might, of us, and of my lord's son and ours the prince, which, with God's mercy, he shall not be of power to perform, by the help of you and all other my lord's faithful disposed subjects, hath thrown among you, as we be certainly informed, divers untrue and feigned matters and surmises; and in especial, that we and my lord's said son and ours should newly draw toward you with an unseen power of strangers, disposed to rob and to despoil you of your goods and havings (property); we will that you know for certain that, at such time as we or our said son shall be disposed to see my lord, as our duty is and so binds us to do, you, nor none of you, shall be robbed, despoiled, nor wronged by any person that at that time we or our said son shall be accompanied with, or any other sent in our or his name, praying you, in our most hearty and desirous wise, that [above] all earthly things you will diligently intend (attend) to the surety of my lord's royal person in the mean time; so that through malice of his said enemy he be no more troubled, vexed, nor jeoparded. And, so doing, we shall be unto you such lady as of reason you shall be largely content. Given under our signet, &c.

On 08 Feb 1461 William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 was appointed 182nd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39).

On 08 Feb 1461 Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was appointed 183rd Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39).

Second Battle of St Albans

On 17 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33). Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57). John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39). After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461. Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded 7th Baron Harington, 2nd Baron Bonville.
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 12 Mar 1461. Westminster. Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33), to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39) and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K (18) by word of mouth.

After 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was appointed 181st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

After 29 Mar 1461 John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 was appointed 184th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471..

1463 Siege of Norham Castle

Around Jun 1463 a Scottish and Lancastrian force, including James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (11), his mother Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (29), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) and his wife [his wife] Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (33), laid siege to Norham Castle. They held Norham for eighteen days until a force led by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) and his brother John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 advanced to Norham Castle at which time the Scottish and Lancastrian force fled in panic pursued by the Yorkist army. [his wife] Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (33) and her son [his son] Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (9) escaped to Berwick on Tweed and then to the continent. Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) remained in Scotland - he and his wife never saw each other again.

On 13 Jul 1465 James Harrington 1430-1485 (35) assisted with the capture of the fugitive Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (43) by being the instrument of persuasion that induced Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall, and Sir Richard Tempest of Bracewell, who were sheltering the King, to betray him, and received £66 and £100 for expenses and reward.

In 1470 John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (70) was appointed Lord Keeper of the Great Seal by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (48) during his re-adeption but lost it again when Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was restored in 1471.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (48) and [his wife] Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). [his son] Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Re adeption of Henry VI

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (48) was re adepted VI King England. Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 was released. .

Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

On 13 Dec 1470 [his son] Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed Princess Wales. .

Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury. His brother Richard (18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick 1435-1503 (36), John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (46), George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (31), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), John Savage 1444-1492, Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) fought. William Brandon 1425-1491 (46), George Browne 1440-1483 (31), Ralph Hastings -1495, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (38), James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (16), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (40) commanded.
Margaret of Anjou (41) was captured. Her son [his son] Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl Worcester 1460-1526 (11) whose line continues to the present.
John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (36), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471, Humphrey Tuchet 1434-1471 and John Beaufort 1441-1471 were killed.
Edmund Beaufort 4th Duke Somerset 1439-1471 and Hugh Courtenay 1427-1471 were captured.
William Vaux of Harrowden 1436-1471 (35) was killed.

Death of Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI (49) died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London.

On 25 Aug 1482 [his former wife] Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (52) died at Chateau Dampierre-sur-Loire, Dampierre-sur-Loire, Saumur. She was buried at Angers Cathedral, Angers.

Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford

On 21 Dec 1495 [his half-brother] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (64) died at Thornbury Manor without legitimate issue. He had been half-brother to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 and uncle to [his nephew] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38) for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth and Battle of Stoke Field. He had lived in Brittany and France during the years when the House of York occupied the throne. He enjoyed the last ten years of his life as Duke Bedford. He had married Catherine Woodville (37) in November 1485, after the Battle of Bosworth. A somewhat curious choice she being the sister of the former queen Elizabeth Woodville. His name, Jasper, an enigma. It apparently means "Keeper of the Treasure" - it isn't clear what treasure is being referred to although there is speculation as to whether his and his brother Edmund's father was Owen Tudor 1400-1461.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Tomasina Morosini

Descendants Family Trees:

King Edward III England

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340 1399

Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318 1372

Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306 1376

John "The Good" II King France 1319 1364

Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France 1315 1349

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314 1369

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Son of Henry V King England 1386-1422

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Grand Son of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Henry V King England 1386-1422 son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413

GrandFather: Henry IV King England 1367-1413 grandson of King Edward III England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 son of King Edward III England

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Edward III England son of King Edward II of England

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward II of England son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x great granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x great grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland Count Holland Count Avesnes Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 great grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 4 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 3 x great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont 7 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandMother: Mary Bohun 1368-1394 2 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford 6th Earl Essex 2nd Earl of Northampton 1341-1373 great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322

Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 5 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandFather: Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 4 x great grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 5 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France 1293-1349 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 7 x great granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 6 x great grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Přemyslid Queen Bohemia 1292-1330

Great GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 3 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Hainault Duchess Bourbon 1280-1354 4 x great granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon 1313-1383 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon Count Valois 1293-1358 great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 6 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 5 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica Holy Roman Empress

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Capet 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381

Great x 2 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385

Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephano Visconti 1287-1327

Great x 3 GrandMother: Valentina Doria

Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Regina della Scala 1331-1384

Great x 3 GrandFather: Mastino II della Scala 1308-1351

Great x 3 GrandMother: Taddea da Carrara