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Biography of Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326

1265 Battle of Evesham

1298 Battle of Falkirk

1308 King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

1321 Exile of the Despencers


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

On 01 Mar 1261 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 was born to [his father] Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (37) and [his mother] Aline Basset 1221-1281 (40).

Battle of Evesham

On 04 Aug 1265 the army loyal to Henry III King England 1207-1272 (57), led by his son the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (26), supported by Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 (21), Warin Basingburne and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield 1232-1299 (33) defeated the rebel army of Simon Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1208-1265 (57) at the Battle of Evesham.
Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (50) fought and reputedly saved the King's life.
Adam Mohaut rescued the King.
Alan de Plunket de Kilpec -1299 fought for the King.
Simon Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1208-1265 (57) and his son Henry Montfort 1238-1265 were killed.
[his father] Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 (41) was killed by Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 (34).
Simon Beauchamp 1234-1265 (31), Ralph Basset 1215-1265, William Devereux 1219-1265, Hugh Troyes -1265, Richard Trussel -1265, Peter Montfort 1205-1265, William Mandeville -1265, William Crepping -1265, William Birmingham -1265, Guy Balliol -1265 and Thomas Astley 1215-1265 were killed. Henry Hastings 1235-1269 (30), Humphrey Bohun 1225-1265 (40), Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (27), John Vesci -1289, John Fitzjohn and Guy Montfort Count Nola 1244-1288 (21) were captured.
John Vesci -1289 was wounded and taken prisoner.

On 11 Apr 1281 [his mother] Aline Basset 1221-1281 (60) died.

Before 1286 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 and [his wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 were married.

In 1286 [his son] Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (24) and [his wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 (23).

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace -1305 during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:.
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26).
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55).
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53).
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49).
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24).
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37).
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26).
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52).
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27).
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43).
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58).
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30).
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29).
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11).
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43).
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42).
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42).
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41).
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30).
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20).
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17).
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67).
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25).
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21).
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31).
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18).
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59).
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39).
Robert Fitzroger.
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?.
Simon Fraser -1306.
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23).
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and.
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.

Before 30 May 1306 [his wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 died.

King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

Fine Rolls Edward II. On 07 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) returned from their wedding in Boulogne sur Mer to Dover.
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07 Feb 1308. Be it remembered that on Wednesday after the Purification, Edward II (23), the king, returning from beyond seas, to wit, from Boulogne sur Mer, where he took to wife Isabel (13), daughter of the king of France (39), touched at Dover in his barge about the ninth hour [1500], Hugh le Despenser (46) and the lord of Castellione of Gascony being in his company, and the queen a little afterward touched there with certain ladies accompanying her, and because the great seal which had been taken with him beyond seas then remained in the keeping of the keeper of the wardrobe who could not arrive on that day, no writ was sealed from the hour of the king's coming until Friday following on which day the bishop of Chichester, chancellor, about the ninth hour [1500] delivered to the king in his chamber in Dover castle the seal used in England during the king's absence, and the king, receiving the same, delivered it to William de Melton (33), controller of the wardrobe, and forthwith delivered with his own hand to the chancellor the great seal under the seal of J. de Benstede, keeper of the wardrobe, and Master John Painter Fraunceis, in the presence of Thomas, earl of Lancaster (30), Peter, earl of Cornwall (24), and Hugh le Despenser (46), William Martyn and William Inge, knights, and Adam de Osgodby, clerk ; and the chancellor on that day after lunch in his room (hospicio) in God's House, Dover, sealed writs with the great seal.

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. On 16 Jan 1310 King Edward II of England (25). Stamford. To the Sheriff of York. Order to proclaim that the king does not intend to change the money current in the Kingdom in the late King's time, as had been rumoured, and to forbid anyone from thinking little of it, whereby victuals and other necessaries may be sold more dearly.
The like to all the Sheriffs of England [Ibid].
Enrolment of deed of Peter de Gavaston (26), knight, surrendering to the king the castle, manor, and honour of Knaresborough, with the free chase of Knaresborough, and the manors of Routheclyve and Auldburgh, lately granted to him by the King for his lifetime. Witnesses: Gilbert Clare 8th Earl Gloucester 7th Earl Hertford -1314, Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (59), John Warenne 7th Earl Surrey 1286-1347 (23), John de Brittania, Earl of Richmond, Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (48), Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (36), Robert son of Walter, Robert son of Payn, William de Burford, William Inge. Dated at Stamford July 26, 3 Edward II.
Enrolment of like surrender by the said Peter (26) of the county of Gaure and the castles of Talanon, Tantalon, and Mauleon, the provostships (preposituras) and Camparian(um) called 'la Cointal' and of the city of Bayonne, the manor of Erebafaveyra, Born, Comtad, Salmun, Dagenes, and the island of Oleron, and the lands of Marempne and of Lancras in Saintogne, and all rights, appurtenances, etc., etc., thereto pertaining to the king, which the king lately granted him for life. Witnesses as above. Dated August 4, 3 Edward II.
Memorandum, that this deed was delivered to the king in his chamber in the House of the Friars Preachers Stamford at Stamford, by the hands of the said Peter (26) and the king delivered the said deed to J his chancellor, to be enrolled in the chancery, and it was afterwards delivered to Ingelard de Warle, keeper of the King's Wardrobe to be kept in the king's wardrobe, but the king's charters that the said Peter hereof were not then restored.[CONTINUES].

Exile of the Despencers

In 1321 [his son] Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (35) and his son Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (59) were exiled.

In 1322 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (60) was created 1st Earl Winchester 2C 1322.

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XI. Oct 1326. AND then this tiding spread about the realm so much, that at the last it came to the knowledge of the lords by whom the queen (31) was called again into England. And they apparelled them in all haste to come to Edward (13) her son, whom they would have to their sovereign lord. And the first that came and gave them most comfort was Henry earl of Lancaster (45) with the wry neck, called Tort Col, who was brother to Thomas earl of Lancaster, beheaded as ye have heard herebefore, who was a good knight and greatly recommended, as ye shall hear after in this history. This earl Henry (45) came to the queen (31) with great company of men of war, and after him came from one part and other earls, barons, knights and squires, with so much people that they thought them clean out of perils, and always increased their power as they went forward. Then they took counsel among them that they should ride straight to the town of Bristow, whereas the king (42) was, and with him the Spencers. The which was a good town and a strong, and well closed, standing on a good port of the sea, and a strong castle, the sea beating round about it. And therein was the king (42) and Sir Hugh Spencer the elder (65), who was about ninety of age, and Sir Hugh Spencer (40) his son, who was chief governour of the king (42) and counselled him in all his evil deeds. Also there was the earl of Arundel (20), who had wedded the daughter (14) of sir Hugh Spencer (40), and di at Bristow, and besieged the town round about as near as they might: and the king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40) held them in the castle, and the old sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) held them in the town. And when the people of the town saw the great power that the queen (31) was of (for almost all England was of her accord), and perceived what peril and danger evidently they were in, they took counsel among themselves and determined that they would yield up the town to the queen (31), so that their lives and goods might be saved. And so they sent to treat with the queen and her council in this matter ; but the queen nor her council would not agree thereto without she might do with sir Hugh Spencer (65) and with the earl of Arundel (20) what it pleased her. When the people of the town saw they could have no peace otherwise, nor save the town nor their goods nor their lives, in that distress they accorded to the queen (31) and opened the gates, so that the queen (31) and sir John of Hainault (38), and all her barons, knights and squires, entered into the town and took their lodgings within, as many as might, and the residue without. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) and the earl of Arundel (20) were taken and brought before the queen (31), to do her pleasure with them. Then there was brought to the queen her own children, John her son (10) and her two daughters [Note. Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 (8) and Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (5)], the which were found there in the keeping of the said sir Hugh Spencer (65), whereof the queen had great joy, for she had not seen them long 'before. Then the king (42) might have great sorrow and sir Hugh Spencer the younger (40), who were fast enclosed in the strong castle, and the most part of all the realm turned to the queen's part and to Edward}{Edward (13) her eldest son.

On 27 Oct 1326 Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (65) was hanged at Bristol.

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XII. WHEN the queen (31) and her barons and all her company were lodged at their ease, then they besieged the castle as near as they might. The queen (31) caused sir Hugh Spencer (65) the elder and the earl of Arundel (20) to be brought forth before Edward her son (13) and all the barons that were there present, and said how that she (31) and her son (13) should take right and law on them according to their deserts. Then sir Hugh Spencer (65) said, `Madam, God be to you a good judge and give you good judgment ,1 and if we cannot have it in this world, I pray God we may have it in another.' Then stept forth Sir Thomas Wake (29), a good knight and marshal of the host, and there openly he recounted their deeds in writing, and then turned him to another ancient knight to the intent that he should bring him on that case fauty, and to declare what should be done with such persons, and what judgment they should have for such causes. Then the said knight counselled with other barons and knights, and so reported their opinions, the which was, how they had well deserved death for divers horrible deeds, the which they have commised, for all the trespass rehearsed before to justify to be of truth ; wherefore they have deserved for the diversities of their trespasses to have judgment in three divers manners-first, to be drawn, and after to be headed, and then to be hanged on the gibbet. This in likewise as they were judged so it was done and executed before the castle of Bristow in the sight of the king and of sir Hugh Spencer the younger (65). This judgment was done in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVI., on Saint Denis' day in October [Note. Saint Denis' day is 09 Oct not 27 Oct?]. And after this execution the king (42) and the young Spencer (40), seeing themselves thus besieged in this mischief, and knew no comfort that might come to them, in a morning betimes they two with a small company entered into a little vessel behind the castle, thinking to have fled to the country of Wales. But they were eleven days in the ship, and enforced it to sail as much as they might; but whatsoever they did, the wind was every day so contrary to them by the will of God, that every day once or twice they were ever brought again within a quarter of a mile to the same castle. At the last it fortuned, sir Henry Beaumont (46), son to the viscount Beaumont in England, entered into a barge and certain company with him, and spied this vessel and rowed after him so long that the ship wherein the king}{king (42) was could not flee fast before them, but finally they were overtaken, and so brought again to the town of Bristow and delivered to the queen (31) and her son (13) as prisoners. Thus it befell of this high and hardy enterprise of sir John of Hainault (38) and his company. For when they departed and entered into their ships at Dordrecht, they were but three hundred men of arms ; and thus by their help and the lords in England, the queen Isabel conquered again all her estate and dignity, and put unto execution all her enemies, whereof all the most part of the realm were right joyous, without it were a few persons such as were favourable to sir Hugh Spencer (40) and of his part. And when the king (42) and sir Hugh Spencer (40) were brought to Bristow by the said sir Henry Beaumont, the king (42) was then sent by the counsel of all the barons and knights to the strong castle of Berkeley, and put under good keeping and honest, and there were ordained people of estate about him, such as knew right well what they ought to do ; but they were straitly commanded that they should in no wise suffer him to pass out of the castle. And sir Hugh Spencer (40) was delivered to sir Thomas Wake (29), marshal of the host. And after that the queen (31) departed and all her host toward London, which was the chief city of England, and so rid forth on their journeys, and sir Thomas Wake (29) caused sir Hugh Spencer (40) to be fast bound on the least and leanest 2 horse of all the host, and caused him to wear on a tabard such as traitors and thieves were wont to wear.

Patrick Chaworth 1250-1283 and [his former wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306 were married.

[his daughter] Isabel Despencer Baroness Hastings Baroness Bergavenny -1334 was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 and [his former wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306.

[his father] Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265 and [his mother] Aline Basset 1221-1281 were married.

[his daughter] Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Camoys was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 and [his former wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306.

[his daughter] Aline Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 and [his former wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306.

[his son] Philip Despencer was born to Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 and [his former wife] Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Despencer

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 13 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Kings Franks: Great x 14 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

Ancestry

Father: Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer 1223-1265

GrandFather: Hugh Despencer 1197-1238

Great GrandFather: Thomas Despencer 1169-1218

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Despencer 1124-1169

Great GrandMother: Recuara Harcourt 1162-1200

Mother: Aline Basset 1221-1281 3 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandFather: Philip Basset 1184-1271 2 x great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great GrandFather: Alan Basset 1155-1232

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Basset 1130-1182

Great x 3 GrandFather: Gilbert Basset 1095-1165

Great x 3 GrandMother: Cecily Englefield

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adeliza Dunstanville 1130-1186

Great x 3 GrandFather: Alan Dunstanville 1080-1130

Great GrandMother: Aline Fitzrobert great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip Fitzrobert 1122-1147 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Normandy 1st Earl Gloucester 1099-1147 son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mabel Fitzhamon Countess Gloucester

GrandMother: Hawise Reginar 1200-1256

Great GrandFather: Matthew Reginar 1175-1261

Great x 2 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar -1226

Great x 3 GrandFather: Godfrey Reginar VIII Duke Lower Lorraine 1142-1190

Great x 3 GrandMother: Imagina Loon Duchess Lower Lorraine

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Hastings

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Fitzwilliam Hastings 1132-1186