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Biography of John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

1458 Margaret Beaufort marries Henry Stafford

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Battle of Stoke Field


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard. .
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), , Philip Valois Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 were killed.
Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29).
John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 was killed. Jeanne Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

After 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Countess Perche.

On 11 Nov 1430 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Countess Suffolk 3C 1385.

On 27 Sep 1442 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 was born to [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (45) and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (38).

In 1444 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) was created 1st Marquess Suffolk 1C. [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (40) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married (he was her half third cousin). The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1447 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke 6C 1447. [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43) by marriage Countess Pembroke 6C 1447.

In 1448 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (51) was created 1st Duke Suffolk 1C 1448. [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44) by marriage Duchess Suffolk 1C 1448.

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 5th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In Feb 1453 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (10) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (9) were divorced.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 01 Nov 1455 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle Bletsoe. [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond 7C 1452.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Margaret Beaufort marries Henry Stafford

On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (33) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (14) were married (he was her second cousin) probably at Maxstoke Castle. Her third marriage (second if you don't include the one annulled) aged fourteen and already the mother of the future King Henry VII. She had no further issue.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Before Feb 1458 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her half third cousin). [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Around 1462 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (19) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (17).

On 23 Mar 1463 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (20) was restored 2nd Duke Suffolk 1C 1448. [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (18) by marriage Duchess Suffolk 1C 1448.

Before 1464 [his son] Geoffrey Pole 1463-1464 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503.

Around 1465 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (22) was appointed Constable Wallingford Castle.

In 1466 [his son] Edward Pole Archdeacon Richmond 1466-1485 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (23) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (21).

On 13 May 1467 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln 6C 1467 by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln 6C 1467.

Around 1468 [his daughter] Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal Baroness Morley 1468-1489 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (25) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (23) in Wingfield.

In 1471 [his son] Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (28) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26).

In 1472 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (29) was appointed 208th Knight of the Garter by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29).

In 1472 [his daughter] Dorothy Pole 1472-1472 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (29) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (27).

Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (37) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) were married (he was her third cousin). [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) by marriage King Mann, Baron Stanley.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1474 [his son] Humphrey Pole 1474-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (31) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (29).

On 20 May 1475 [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ... .
1  impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents.
2  impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3  impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4  quartered .
5  impaled .
6 .
7 .
8  impaled  signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the. Monument to [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1  quarterd  impaled Unknown.
2 . Her third husband [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3  quarted . Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 . Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5  quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 . Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7  impaling  probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400.
8  impaling . Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

In 1476 [his daughter] Anne Pole Prioress Syon Abbey 1476-1495 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (33) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (31).

In 1477 [his daughter] Catherine Pole 1477-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (34) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (32).

In 1478 [his son] William Pole 1478-1539 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (35) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (33).

Before 1480 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married (he was her second cousin once removed).

In 1480 [his son] Richard Pole White Rose 1480-1525 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (37) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (35).

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second cousin once removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England.
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:.
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35).
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43).
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35).
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50).
John Wingfield -1509.
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26).
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36).
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53).
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47).
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34).
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50).
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52).
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38).
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed.
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 14th Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray 1C 1283, Baron Segrave 2C 1295.
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed.
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,.
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,.
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:.
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47).
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74).
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17).
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28).
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48).
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26).
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50).
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68).
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29).
[his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23).
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59).
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17).
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485, Robert Mortimer 1442-1485, Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 were killed.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 [his step-son] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms. Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 [his step-son] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third cousin) at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses. .
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44).
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55).
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19).
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36).
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45).
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31).
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19).
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46).
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded.
John Paston 1444-1504 (43).
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27).
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488.
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8), knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40).
The Yorksists [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25),Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed. Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Before 27 Oct 1492 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 died. He was buried at Wingfield. Before 27 Oct 1492 His son Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 succeeded 3rd Duke Suffolk 1C 1448, 3rd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 6th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

After 1503. Monument to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his former wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster. Monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion.

After Jan 1503 [his former wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 died at Wingfield.

On 29 Jun 1509 [his former wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (66) died in the Deanery Westminster Abbey. She was buried at Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. Her tomb was created by Pietro Torrigiano. The gilded bronze sculpture on the tomb depicts Margaret with her head resting on pillows and her hands raised in prayer, wearing garments characteristic of widowhood; the face was probably sculpted from a death mask. The black marble tomb is embellished with heraldic bronze insignia, including a Yale, her heraldic badge, at her feet.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 4 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415

Great GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Pole 1302-1366

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pole 1274-1328

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Norwich 1306-1381

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Norwich 1274-1329

Great GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1320-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1275-1327

GrandMother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 3 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 2 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 7 x great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Basset 1280-1337 6 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- 5 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 6 x great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 5 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 4 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 3 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 7 x great granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Mother: Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 8 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434

Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400

Great GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

GrandMother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 7 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 6 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 4 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349

Great GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Hanham