Biography of John The Younger Evelyn 1655-1699
John Evelyn's Diary 1662 August. 01 Aug 1662. Mr. H. Howard (34), his brothers Charles (32), Edward (25), Bernard (21), Philip (33), now the Queen's (23) Almoner (all brothers of the Duke of Norfolk, still in Italy), came with a great train, and dined with me; Mr. H. Howard (34) leaving with me his eldest and youngest sons, Henry (7) and Thomas, for three or four days, my son, John (7), having been sometime bred up in their father's house.
John Evelyn's Diary 1663 October. 24 Oct 1663. Mr. Edward Phillips came to be my son's (8) preceptor: this gentleman was nephew to Milton, who wrote against Salmasius's "Defensio"; but was not at all infected with his principles, though brought up by him.
John Evelyn's Diary 1666 November. 17 Nov 1666. I returned to Chatham, my chariot overturning on the steep of Bexley Hill, wounded me in two places on the head; my son, Jack (11), being with me, was like to have been worse cut by the glass; but I thank God we both escaped without much hurt, though not without exceeding danger.
John Evelyn's Diary 1667 January. 24 Jan 1667. Visited my Lord Clarendon, and presented my son, John (12), to him, now preparing to go to Oxford, of which his Lordship was Chancellor. This evening I heard rare Italian voices, two eunuchs and one woman, in his Majesty's (36) green chamber, next his cabinet.
John Evelyn's Diary 1667 January. 29 Jan 1667. To London, in order to my son's (12) Oxford journey, who, being very early entered both in Latin and Greek, and prompt to learn beyond most of his age, I was persuaded to trust him under the tutorage of Mr. Bohun, Fellow of New College, who had been his preceptor in my house some years before; but, at Oxford, under the inspection of Dr. Bathurst (47), President of Trinity College, where I placed him, not as yet thirteen years old. He was newly out of long coats.
John Evelyn's Diary 1671 January. 10 Jan 1671. Mr. Bohun, my son's (15) tutor, had been five years in my house, and now Bachelor of Laws, and Fellow of New College, went from me to Oxford to reside there, having well and faithfully performed his charge.
John Evelyn's Diary 1672 May. 02 May 1672. My son, John (17), was specially admitted of the Middle Temple by Sir Francis North (34), his Majesty's (41) Solicitor-General, and since Chancellor. I pray God bless this beginning, my intention being that he should seriously apply himself to the study of the law.
John Evelyn's Diary 1673 March. 29 Mar 1673. I carried my son (18) to the Bishop of Chichester, that learned and pious man, Dr. Peter Gunning (59), to be instructed by him before he received the Holy Sacrament, when he gave him most excellent advice, which I pray God may influence and remain with him as long as he lives; and O that I had been so blessed and instructed, when first I was admitted to that sacred ordinance!.
John Evelyn's Diary 1673 May. 25 May 1673. My son (18) was made a younger brother of the Trinity House. The new master was Sir J. Smith, one of the Commissioners of the Navy, a stout seaman, who had interposed and saved the Duke (39) from perishing by a fire ship in the late war.
John Evelyn's Diary 1674 July. 22 Jul 1674. I went to Windsor with my wife (39) and son (19) to see my daughter Mary (9), who was there with my Lady Tuke and to do my duty to his Majesty (44). Next day, to a great entertainment at Sir Robert Holmes's (52) at Cranbourne Lodge, in the Forest; there were his Majesty (44), the Queen (35), Duke (40), Duchess (15), and all the Court. I returned in the evening with Sir Joseph Williamson (40), now declared Secretary of State. He was son of a poor clergyman somewhere in Cumberland, brought up at Queen's College, Oxford, of which he came to be a fellow; then traveled with ... and returning when the King (44) was restored, was received as a clerk under Mr. Secretary Nicholas. Sir Henry Bennett (56) (now Lord Arlington) succeeding, Williamson is transferred to him, who loving his ease more than business (though sufficiently able had he applied himself to it) remitted all to his man Williamson; and, in a short time, let him so into the secret of affairs, that (as his Lordship himself told me) there was a kind of necessity to advance him; and so, by his subtlety, dexterity, and insinuation, he got now to be principal Secretary; absolutely Lord Arlington's creature, and ungrateful enough. It has been the fate of this obliging favorite to advance those who soon forgot their original. Sir Joseph was a musician, could play at Jeu de Goblets, exceedingly formal, a severe master to his servants, but so inward with my Lord O'Brien (32), that after a few months of that gentleman's death, he married his widow (34), who, being sister and heir of the Duke of Richmond, brought him a noble fortune. It was thought they lived not so kindly after marriage as they did before. She was much censured for marrying so meanly, being herself allied to the Royal family.
John Evelyn's Diary 1675 July. 10 Jul 1675. The Vice Chancellor Dr. Bathurst (55) (who had formerly taken particular care of my son (20)), President of Trinity College invited me to dinner, and did me great honor all the time of my stay. The next day, he invited me and all my company, though strangers to him, to a very noble feast. I was at all the academic exercises.—Sunday, at St. Mary's, preached a Fellow of Brasen-nose, not a little magnifying the dignity of Churchmen.
John Evelyn's Diary 1675 October. 15 Oct 1675. I got an extreme cold, such as was afterward so epidemical, as not only to afflict us in this island, but was rife over all Europe, like a plague. It was after an exceedingly dry summer and autumn.
I settled affairs, my son (20) being to go into France with my Lord Berkeley (47), designed Ambassador-extraordinary for France and Plenipotentiary for the general treaty of peace at Nimeguen.
John Evelyn's Diary 1675 October. 31 Oct 1675. Dined at my Lord Chamberlain's (57), with my son (20). There were the learned Isaac Vossius, and Spanhemius, son of the famous man of Heidelberg; nor was this gentleman less learned, being a general scholar. Among other pieces, he was author of an excellent treatise on Medals.
John Evelyn's Diary 1675 November. 10 Nov 1675. Being the day appointed for my Lord Ambassador (47) to set out, I met them with my coach at New Cross. There were with him my Lady his wife, and my dear friend, Mrs. Godolphin (23), who, out of an extraordinary friendship, would needs accompany my lady to Paris, and stay with her some time, which was the chief inducement for permitting my son (20) to travel, but I knew him safe under her inspection, and in regard my Lord (47) himself had promised to take him into his special favor, he having intrusted all he had to my care.
Thus we set out three coaches (besides mine), three wagons, and about forty horses. It being late, and my Lord (47) as yet but valetudinary, we got but to Dartford, the first day, the next to Sittingbourne.
At Rochester, the major, Mr. Cony, then an officer of mine for the sick and wounded of that place, gave the ladies a handsome refreshment as we came by his house.
John Evelyn's Diary 1676 November. 16 Nov 1676. My son (21) and I dining at my Lord Chamberlain's (58), he showed us among others that incomparable piece of Raphael's, being a Minister of State dictating to Guicciardini, the earnestness of whose face looking up in expectation of what he was next to write, is so to the life, and so natural, as I esteem it one of the choicest pieces of that admirable artist. There was a woman's head of Leonardo da Vinci; a Madonna of old Palma, and two of Vandyke's, of which one was his own picture at length, when young, in a leaning posture; the other, an eunuch, singing. Rare pieces indeed!.
John Evelyn's Diary 1678 August. 24 Aug 1678. I went to see my Lord of St. Alban's (73) house, at Byfleet, an old, large building. Thence, to the papermills, where I found them making a coarse white paper. They cull the rags which are linen for white paper, woolen for brown; then they stamp them in troughs to a pap, with pestles, or hammers, like the powder mills, then put it into a vessel of water, in which they dip a frame closely wired with wire as small as a hair and as close as a weaver's reed; on this they take up the pap, the superfluous water draining through the wire; this they dexterously turning, shake out like a pancake on a smooth board between two pieces of flannel, then press it between a great press, the flannel sucking out the moisture; then, taking it out, they ply and dry it on strings, as they dry linen in the laundry; then dip it in alum water, lastly, polish and make it up in quires. They put some gum in the water in which they macerate the rags. The mark we find on the sheets is formed in the wire.
25 Aug 1678. After evening prayer, visited Mr. Sheldon (nephew to the late Archbishop of Canterbury), and his pretty melancholy garden; I took notice of the largest arbor thuyris I had ever seen. The place is finely watered, and there are many curiosities of India, shown in the house.
There was at Weybridge the Duchess of Norfolk (35), Lord Thomas Howard (a worthy and virtuous gentleman, with whom my son (23) was sometime bred in Arundel House), who was newly come from Rome, where he had been some time; also one of the Duke's daughters, by his first lady. My Lord (50) leading me about the house made no scruple of showing me all the hiding places for the Popish priests, and where they said mass, for he was no bigoted Papist. He told me he never trusted them with any secret, and used Protestants only in all businesses of importance.
I went this evening with my Lord Duke (50) to Windsor, where was a magnificent Court, it being the first time of his Majesty's (48) removing thither since it was repaired.
John Evelyn's Diary 1679 August. 31 Aug 1679. After evening service, to see a neighbor, one Mr. Bohun, related to my son's (24) late tutor of that name, a rich Spanish merchant, living in a neat place, which he has adorned with many curiosities, especially several carvings of Mr. Gibbons (31), and some pictures by Streeter.
John Evelyn's Diary 1680 February. 21 Feb 1680. Shrove-Tuesday. My son (25) was married to Mrs. Martha Spencer (21), daughter to my Lady Stonehouse by a former gentleman, at St. Andrew's, Holborn, by our Vicar, borrowing the church of Dr. Stillingfleet (44), Dean of St. Paul's, the present incumbent. We afterward dined at a house in Holborn; and, after the solemnity and dancing was done, they were bedded at Sir John Stonehouse's (41) lodgings in Bow Street, Convent Garden.
On 24 Feb 1680 John The Younger Evelyn 1655-1699 (25) and [his wife] Martha Spencer 1659-1726 (21) were married.
John Evelyn's Diary 1680 May. 01 May 1680. Was a meeting of the feoffees of the poor of our parish. This year I would stand one of the collectors of their rents, to give example to others. My son (25) was added to the feoffees.
This afternoon came to visit me Sir Edward Deering (54), of Surrendon, in Kent, one of the Lords of the Treasury, with his daughter (32), married to my worthy friend, Sir Robert Southwell (44), Clerk of the Council, now Extraordinary-Envoy to the Duke of Brandenburgh, and other Princes in Germany, as before he had been in Portugal, being a sober, wise, and virtuous gentleman.
On 01 Mar 1682 [his son] John Evelyn 1st Baronet Wotton 1682-1731 was born to John The Younger Evelyn 1655-1699 (27) at Sayes Court.
John Evelyn's Diary 1691 June. 01 Jun 1691. I went with my son (36), and brother-in-law, Glanville (72), and his son, to Wotton, to solemnize the funeral of my nephew, which was performed the next day very decently and orderly by the herald in the afternoon, a very great appearance of the country being there. I was the chief mourner; the pall was held by Sir Francis Vincent, Sir Richard Onslow (36), Mr. Thomas Howard (son to Sir Robert, and Captain of the King's Guard), Mr. Hyldiard, Mr. James, Mr. Herbert, nephew to Lord Herbert of Cherbury, and cousin-german to my deceased nephew. He was laid in the vault at Wotton Church, in the burying place of the family. A great concourse of coaches and people accompanied the solemnity.
John Evelyn's Diary 1692 July. 23 Jul 1692. I went with my wife (57), son (37), and daughter (23), to Eton, to see my grandson (10), and thence to my Lord Godolphin's (47), at Cranburn, where we lay, and were most honorably entertained. The next day to St. George's Chapel, and returned to London late in the evening.
John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May. 13 May 1696. I went to London to meet my son (41), newly come from Ireland, indisposed. Money still continuing exceedingly scarce, so that none was paid or received, but all was on trust, the mint not supplying for common necessities. The Association with an oath required of all lawyers and officers, on pain of Praemunire, whereby men were obliged to renounce King James as no rightful king, and to revenge King William's death, if happening by assassination. This to be taken by all the Counsel by a day limited, so that the Courts of Chancery and King's Bench hardly heard any cause in Easter Term, so many crowded to take the oath. This was censured as a very entangling contrivance of the Parliament in expectation, that many in high office would lay down, and others surrender. Many gentlemen taken up on suspicion of the late plot, were now discharged out of prison.
In 1699 John The Younger Evelyn 1655-1699 (43) died.
John Evelyn's Diary 1699. 24 Mar 1699. My only remaining son died after a tedious languishing sickness, contracted in Ireland, and increased here, to my exceeding grief and affliction; leaving me one grandson (17), now at Oxford, whom I pray God to prosper and be the support of the Wotton family. He was aged forty-four years and about three months. He had been six years one of the Commissioners of the Revenue in Ireland, with great ability and reputation.
Paternal Family Tree: Evelyn
Father: John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706
GrandFather: Richard Evelyn of Wotton 1587-1640
Great GrandFather: George Evelyn of Long Ditton 1530-1603
Great x 2 GrandFather: John Evelyn of Kingston
GrandMother: Eleanor Stansfield 1598-1635
Great GrandFather: John Stansfield 1567-1627
Great GrandMother: Eleanor Comber -1651
Mother: Mary Browne 1635-1708
GrandFather: Richard Browne 1st Baronet Deptford 1605-1683
Great GrandFather: Christopher Browne
Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Browne Clerk 1539-1604
GrandMother: Elizabeth Prettyman 1610-1652
Great GrandFather: John Prettyman 1567-1638