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Biography of Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460

1415 Southampton Plot

1444 Treaty of Tours

1445 Richard of York returns to England

1445 Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

1447 Richard York appointed Lieutenant of Ireland

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1458 Loveday

1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge

1459 1460 January Raid on Sandwich

1459 Parliament of the Devils

1460 Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1460 Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

1476 Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York


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The History of King Richard the Third. Richard, Duke of York, a noble man and a mighty, had begun not by war but by law to challenge the crown, putting his claim into the Parliament. There his cause was either for right or favor so far forth advanced that King Henry (although he had a goodly prince utterly rejected his own blood; the crown was by authority of Parliament entailed unto the Duke of York, and his male issue in remainder, immediately after the death of King Henry. But the Duke, not enduring so long to tarry, but intending under pretext of dissension and debate arising in the realm, to reign before his time and to take upon him the rule in King Henry’s life, was with many nobles of the realm at Wakefield slain, leaving three sons — Edward, George, and Richard.
All three, as they were great states of birth, so were they great and stately of stomach, greedy and ambitious of authority, and impatient of partners. Edward, revenging his father’s death, deprived King Henry and attained the crown.

Manners Augmented.  in chief . The augmentation was granted by Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 at the time of his creation as Earl of Rutland in recognition of his descent in the maternal line from Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

In May 1406 [his father] Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and [his mother] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (15) were married (he was her first cousin twice removed). The marriage apparently took place in secret possibly because she was a descendant of King Edward III England although she wasn't at the time Heir to the Throne of England although their issue would become so. She died five years later.

On 21 Sep 1411 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 was born to [his father] Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and [his mother] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 (20). His mother died shortly afterwards.

After 21 Sep 1411 [his mother] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 died from childbirth. Her son Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 succeeded Heir to the Throne of England, 8th Earl Ulster.

On 18 Feb 1413 Thomas Grey 1404-1443 (9) and [his sister] Isabel York Count Eu Countess Essex 1409-1484 (4) were married (he was her fourth cousin).

In 1414 [his father] Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 was created 1st Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) and [his father] Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 were beheaded at the North Gate aka Bargate for their roles in the Southampton Plot.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

Before 25 Apr 1426 Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 and [his sister] Isabel York Count Eu Countess Essex 1409-1484 were married (he was her second cousin). [his sister] Isabel York Count Eu Countess Essex 1409-1484 by marriage Countess Eu.

In Oct 1429 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (18) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married (he was her second cousin). [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) by marriage Countess Cambridge 3C 1414 Countess Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).

In 1433 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (21) was appointed 148th Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (11)..

On 10 Aug 1439 [his daughter] Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (27) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (24) at Fotheringay Castle.

On 10 Feb 1441 [his son] Henry of York 1441-1441 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (29) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (25). He died the same day.

On 28 Apr 1442 [his son] Edward IV King England 1442-1483 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (30) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (26) at Rouen. He was immediately baptised in a small side chapel at Rouen Cathedral. Some historians suggest the lack of grandeur indicates Edward IV may have been illegitimate whereas others suggest the baptism was typical for a country at war. Some historians also suggest Edward IV was illegitimate since his father Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (30) was away at the siege of Pontoise at the time of conception. Pontoise is some sixty miles from Rouen. There is straight road, an old Roman road known as the Chaussée Jules César, between the Pontoise and Rouen, now known as the D14. Easy for Richard to return to Rouen as and when he chose to.

On 17 May 1443 [his son] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (31) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (28) at Rouen.

On 22 Apr 1444 [his daughter] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (32) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (28) at Rouen.

Treaty of Tours

On 28 May 1444 the Treaty of Tours was concluded. The terms included the marriage of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) and Margaret of Anjou (14) in return for which England ceded the strategically important French County of Maine to France; she brought no dowry. The Treaty was negotiated by William de la Pole Duke of Suffolk (47). The cessation of Maine subsequently came as something of surprise to Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (38) who was its Governor. He, Somerset (38), was offered the Governorship of Normandy instead leading to a further rift between Somerset (38) and Richard Duke of York (32) who had already been offered Normandy. These seeds of the Wars of the Roses were falling on fertile ground.

Richard of York meets Margaret of Anjou

On 18 Mar 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (33) met Margaret of Anjou (14) at Pontoise on his mission to bring her back to Endland for her marriage to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (23).

Richard of York returns to England

On 20 Oct 1445 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (34) returned to England at the end of his five-year appointment in France.

In 1446 [his son] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (2) was created 1st Earl Rutland 2C 1446.

On 03 May 1446 [his daughter] Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (34) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (31) at Fotheringay Castle.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

On 07 Jul 1447 [his son] William of York 1447- was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (32). He died young.

Before 30 Jul 1447 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 and [his daughter] Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 were married (he was her half second cousin).

Richard York appointed Lieutenant of Ireland

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard Duke of York (35) was appointed Lieutenant Ireland. An attempt by the Council to isolate Richard (35).

On 30 Jul 1447 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) was appointed Lieutenant Ireland.

On 07 Nov 1448 [his son] John of York 1448- was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (37) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (33). He died young.

On 21 Oct 1449 [his son] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (38) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (34) at Dublin Castle, Dublin.

On 07 Sep 1450 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (38) landed at Beaumaris.

On 27 Sep 1450 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (39) arrived at City of London.

Around 1451 [his son] Thomas of York -1451 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (39) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (35). He died young.

On 02 Oct 1452 [his son] Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (41) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle.

In Oct 1453 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (47) was imprisoned by Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (42) at Tower of London.

On 27 Mar 1454 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (42) was appointed Lord Protector. Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (54) was appointed Lord Chancellor.

In Jan 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) was restored 3rd Duke York 1C 1385. [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (39) by marriage Duchess York 1C 1385.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset 2C 1448,.
Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland 1C 1377.
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 fought.

After 25 May 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 was appointed Constable England.

On 22 Jul 1455 [his daughter] Ursula of York 1455- was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) and [his wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (40). She died young.

In Nov 1455 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (44) was appointed Lord Protector. He was buried at Pontefract Priory Pontefract.

Before Feb 1458 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his daughter] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her half third cousin). [his daughter] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (36), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry. . The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), his sons Edward Earl of March (17),Edmund Earl of Rutland (16) were attainted, as were ...
Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) and John Neville 1431-1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge Ludlow. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.
The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future [his son] Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), [his son] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight.
John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) were present.
The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

Patent Rolls Henry VI 1452 1461. Membrane 27d. 30 Oct 1459. Farnham Royal. Commission of array to Richard Wydevyle of Ryvers (54), knight, and the sheriff of Kent in Kent, to resist Richard, duke of York (48), Edward earl of March (17), Richard, earl of Warwick (31), and Richard, earl of Salisbury (59), and their accomplices, leagued in rebellion against the king and crown and allowed by certain persons having the keeping of the town and castle of Calais to enter the same contrary to the king's mandates, and now preparing to arouse congregations and insur rections in the said county ; and appointment of the same to arrest all ships and other vessels late of the said earl of Warwick and all the tackling thereof and to keep the same for the king's use. By K..

Richard of York claims the Kingdom of England

On 10 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) claimed the Kingdom of England in Westminster Hall witnessed by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (42). .

Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord 39 Hen VI by which Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was declared heir to Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward of Westminster (7). At the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was appointed Prince Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed. His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 and [his nephew] Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle [his son] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

1461. Letter XXXVIII. Margaret of Anjou Queen of Henry IV to the Citizens of London. 1461. Letter XXXVII. Margaret of Anjou (30) Queen of Henry IV to the Citizens of London.
Right trusty and well-beloved, we greet you heartily well.
And whereas the late Duke of N. of extreme malice, long hid under colours, imagined by divers and many ways and means the destruction of my lord's (39) good grace, whom God of his mercy ever preserve, hath now late, upon an untrue pretence, feigned a title to my lord's crown, and royal estate, and pre-eminence, contrary to his allegiance and divers solemn oaths of his own offer made, uncompelled or constrained, and fully proposed to have deposed him of his regality, he had been (had it not been for) the sad (firm) unchangeable and true dispositions of you and others, his true liegemen, for the which your worshipful dispositions we thank you as heartily as we can. And howbeit, that the same untrue, unsad, and unadvised person, of very pure malice, disposed to continue in his cruelness, to the utterest undoing, if he might, of us, and of my lord's son and ours the prince, which, with God's mercy, he shall not be of power to perform, by the help of you and all other my lord's faithful disposed subjects, hath thrown among you, as we be certainly informed, divers untrue and feigned matters and surmises; and in especial, that we and my lord's said son and ours should newly draw toward you with an unseen power of strangers, disposed to rob and to despoil you of your goods and havings (property); we will that you know for certain that, at such time as we or our said son shall be disposed to see my lord, as our duty is and so binds us to do, you, nor none of you, shall be robbed, despoiled, nor wronged by any person that at that time we or our said son shall be accompanied with, or any other sent in our or his name, praying you, in our most hearty and desirous wise, that [above] all earthly things you will diligently intend (attend) to the surety of my lord's royal person in the mean time; so that through malice of his said enemy he be no more troubled, vexed, nor jeoparded. And, so doing, we shall be unto you such lady as of reason you shall be largely content. Given under our signet, &c.

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by [his son] Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), [his son] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36).

On 01 Apr 1495 [his former wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.
Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.
IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh’u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince Richard late Duke of Yorke, fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th , the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh’u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.
Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.
Also I geve and bequeith to the Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.
Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.
Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras, and a tappett of arres with the pope.
Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.
And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved lord and housbond, than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.
Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.
Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.
Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.
Also I geve to my doughter Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.
Also I geve to my doughter Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.
Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.
Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter [his daughter] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50).
Also I geve to my son of Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.
Also I geve to my son Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh’us masse.
Also I geve to my son William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne priores of Sion, a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.
Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.
Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.
Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.
Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.
Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.
Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.
Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.
Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.
Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.
Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.
Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.
Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.
Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.
Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.
Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.
Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.
Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.
Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for my Lord my housbond and me.
Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.
Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.
Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.
Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.
Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.
Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.
Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.
Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.
Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.
Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.
Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.
Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.
Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.
Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.
Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.
Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.
Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.
Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.
Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.
Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.
Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.
And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.
And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.
And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.
IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at “Lamehithe” the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (13).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

On 31 May 1495 [his former wife] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

[his father] Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 and Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 were married. Maud Clifford Countess Cambridge 1389-1466 by marriage Countess Cambridge 3C 1414.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke Countess Buckingham 1145 1188

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239 1307

King Edward III England

Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318 1372

Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306 1376

Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350 1397

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314 1369

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 16 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard York 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 grandson of King Edward III England

GrandFather: Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 son of King Edward III England

Great GrandFather: King Edward III England son of King Edward II of England

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Edward II of England son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x great granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x great grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x great grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa Luxemburg Count Hainault Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x great granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland Count Holland Count Avesnes Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 6 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: Peter "Cruel" I King Castile 1334-1369 5 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Alfonso "Avenger" XI King Castile 1311-1350 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon 1285-1312 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon 1290-1313 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Constanza Manuel Queen Consort Castile

Great GrandMother: Maria Padilla 1344-1361

Great x 2 GrandFather: Juan García Padilla 1st Lord Villagera -1350

Great x 3 GrandFather: Garcia Padilla

Great x 2 GrandMother: María González Henestrosa Lady Villagera -1356

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fernán González Henestrosa

Mother: Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 2 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England

GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March 6th Earl Ulster 1374-1398 great grandson of King Edward III England

Great GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 6 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 5 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331 4 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Montagu Countess March 1332-1381

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

Great x 3 GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

Great GrandMother: Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great x 2 GrandFather: Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 son of King Edward III England

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward III England son of King Edward II of England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x great granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster 1312-1333 great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377 great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland Countess March Countess Ulster 1370-1405 2 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322