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Biography of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471

1428 Siege of Orleans

1448 Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

1455 First Battle of St Albans

1457 John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

1458 Loveday

1459 Parliament of the Devils

1459 Battle of Ludford Bridge

1459 1460 January Raid on Sandwich

1460 Battle of Northampton

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1460 June Yorkist Landing at Sandwich

1461 Battles of Ferrybridge

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker

1463 Siege of Norham Castle

1464 Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

1464 Battle of Hexham

1468 Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

1468 Skirmish of Southampton

1469 Execution of the Woodvilles

1469 Execution of the Neville Brothers

1469 Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

1470 Welles' Rebellion & Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

1470 Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

1470 Angers Agreement

1470 Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

1471 Battle of Barnet

1474 Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

1483 Death of George Neville


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Before 1423 [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 and [his mother] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 were married (he was her half fourth cousin). [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 by marriage 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337.

In 1428 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was born to [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) and [his mother] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21).

Siege of Orleans

On 03 Nov 1428 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (40) died from wounds received at the Siege of Orleans. His daughter [his mother] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 (21) succeeded 5th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 7th Baron Montagu, 6th Baron Monthermer. On 03 Nov 1428 [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (28) by marriage 7th Baron Montagu.

In 1434 Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (8) and [his sister] Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (10) were married (he was her third cousin) at Titchfield Abbey Titchfield.

In 1434 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (6) and [his wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (7) were married (he was her third cousin).

On 04 Feb 1443 [his niece] Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 was born to Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (17) and [his sister] Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (19) at Cardiff.
Her subsequent death aged four (her father died when she was aged three) resulted in Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (15) unexpectedly becoming Earl of Warwick by_marriage ie by right of his wife [his wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (16) who was the younger Anne's Aunt.

On 11 Jun 1446 Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (21) died. His daughter [his niece] Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (3) succeeded 15th Earl Warwick 1C 1088, 7th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

Warwick "Kingmaker" Succeeds

On 03 Jan 1448 [his niece] Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (4) died at Ewelme aged four whilst in the care of Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44).
After a prolonged legal dispute between her three half-aunts, and her full aunt, the courts decided her full aunt Anne Beauchamp (21) should succeed. Anne Beauchamp (21) succeeded 16th Countess Warwick. Her husband Richard Neville (20) by marriage 16th Earl Warwick 1C 1088; the first step on his journey to becoming Kingmaker.
The decision of the court was not subscribed to by Edmund Beaufort Earl Somerset (42) who was married to Anne's (21) half-sister Eleanor (39); he wanted his share of the considerable Beauchamp inheritance.

In 1449 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (21) and [his sister] Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (25) were married (he was her second cousin). Her second marriage; her first husband Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 had died three years earlier - she was a wealthy widow. She died a year later.

Before 1450 William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 and [his sister] Joan Neville Countess Arundel 1423-1462 were married (he was her third cousin). [his sister] Joan Neville Countess Arundel 1423-1462 by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex.

On 28 Jul 1450 [his sister] Cecily Neville Duchess Warwick 1424-1450 (26) died.

On 05 Sep 1451 [his daughter] Isabel Neville 1451-1476 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (23) and [his wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (25) at Warwick Castle.

On 20 Oct 1453 [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, and his brothers [his brother] Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (25), met with Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (60) and to negotiate peace.

First Battle of St Albans

On 22 May 1455 the Wars of the Roses commenced with the First Battle of St Albans. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) commanded with Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (27), [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (55), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (40) and Walter Strickland 1411-1467 (44).
The Lancastrians ...
Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (49) was killed. His son Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Somerset 2C 1448,.
Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 (62) was killed. His son Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (33) succeeded 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1C 1377. Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 (33) by marriage Countess of Northumberland 1C 1377.
Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 (41) was killed. His son John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (20) succeeded 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord Skipton. Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford 1436-1493 (19) by marriage Baroness Clifford.
William Cotton 1410-1455 (45) and Richard Fortescue 1414-1455 were killed.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (52) was wounded and captured.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (33), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (54) and Edmund Dudley 1425-1483 (30) were captured.
Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (19) was wounded. James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (34) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 fought.

After 25 May 1455 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was appointed Captain Calais.

On 11 Jun 1456 [his daughter] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (28) and [his wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (29).

John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe

On 25 Apr 1457 [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and Isabel Ingaldsthorpe 1441-1476 (16) were married (he was her second cousin once removed) by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (39) at Canterbury Cathedral during the John Neville married Isabel Ingaldsthorpe.

Loveday

On 24 Mar 1458 Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (40) presided at Westminster Abbey at a ceremony known as the "Loveday". John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (22), [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (58), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (30), Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (22), Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (46), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (36), Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (35) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (28) attended in an attempt to reconcile the Lancastrian and Yorkist factions.

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry. . The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), his sons Edward Earl of March (17),Edmund Earl of Rutland (16) were attainted, as were ...
[his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) and John Neville 1431-1471.

Battle of Ludford Bridge

On 12 Oct 1459 the Battle of Ludford Bridge nearly took place at Ludford Bridge Ludlow. In the event a large number of the Calais garrison refused to fight against Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (37) who was present.
The Yorkist Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (48), the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (17), Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (16), Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31), [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (59) left overnight.
John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 (26) and Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (52) were present.
The Lancastrian army included Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) and William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (41).

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

Patent Rolls Henry VI 1452 1461. Membrane 27d. 30 Oct 1459. Farnham Royal. Commission of array to Richard Wydevyle of Ryvers (54), knight, and the sheriff of Kent in Kent, to resist Richard, duke of York (48), Edward earl of March (17), Richard, earl of Warwick (31), and Richard, earl of Salisbury (59), and their accomplices, leagued in rebellion against the king and crown and allowed by certain persons having the keeping of the town and castle of Calais to enter the same contrary to the king's mandates, and now preparing to arouse congregations and insur rections in the said county ; and appointment of the same to arrest all ships and other vessels late of the said earl of Warwick and all the tackling thereof and to keep the same for the king's use. By K..

Around Nov 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) fled to Calais.

In Dec 1459 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (31) was attainted.

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Yorkist forces commanded by John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham 1433-1501 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) raided Sandwich capturing a number of Lancastrian ships. In addition, the Woodville family: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (55), his wife Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (45) and their son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (20) were captured.

1460 June Yorkist Landing at Sandwich

On 26 Jun 1460 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32) landed at Sandwich.

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), [his brother] George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed.
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle. .

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461, Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed. His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.
[his brother] Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460, William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed. Following the battle [his father] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed. Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

In Jan 1461 [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was created 1st Baron Montagu 4C 1461.

Second Battle of St Albans

On 17 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39). The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45), Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33). Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46), John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33), William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57). [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 were killed.
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster. A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18).
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39). After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461. Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded 7th Baron Harington, 2nd Baron Bonville.
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 12 Mar 1461. Westminster. Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33), to receive deserters from the party of Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (39) and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K (18) by word of mouth.

Battles of Ferrybridge

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought at Ferrybridge West Yorkshire with John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) capturing the bridge. .
On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge West Yorkshire. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) fought. John Radclyffe 1426-1461 (35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461. .
On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) was killed at Dintingdale West Yorkshire during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (7) succeeded 10th Baron Clifford, 10th Lord Skipton.

After 28 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was appointed 181st Knight of the Garter by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle Middleham. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Richard (33), earl of Warwick, of the office of constable of the king's castle of Dover, and al rents and services called 'castelwarde', and herbage and advowsons pertaining to the same, and the wardenship of the Cinque Ports and all forfeitures, 'shares', wreck of sea and other profits; and also 300l yearly for the sustenances of himself and priests, servants, watchmen, and other officers there, in the same manner as Humphey, late Duke of Gloucester, viz 146l frin the wards pertaining to the castle and 154l from the fee farm of the town of Southampton. By other latters patent.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle Middleham. The like (Grant for life) to the said earl (33) of the offices of steward of the manor or lordship of Fekenham, co Worcester, and master forester and rider of the kings forst of Fekenham with the custody of the king's park of Fekenham and the stank there, with the accustomed fees. By other latters patent.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle Middleham. The like (Grant for life) to the said earl (33) of the office of Master of the King's Mews and Falcons and a messuage called 'le Mewehous' at Charryng by Westminster, co Middlesex, with all houses and other profits pertaining to the same, in the same manner as John, duke of Bedford, deceased; and appointment of him to take the king's right prises of falcons, goshawks, sakers, sakrets, lanners, lannerets and ger-falcons sold within the realm, paying the accustomed price viz 20s for each tercel of goshawk, saker, lanner or lanneret. By other latters patent.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle Middleham. Grant to the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33), of the custody of all lordships, manors and lands with knight's fees and advowsons held by the king's uncle George Neville (54), knight, lord Latymer, within the county of York or elsewhere, during the idiotcy of the latter, even though no inquisition has been taken. By other letters patent.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 07 May 1461. Middleham Castle Middleham. Appointment for life of the said earl (33) as great chamberlain of England, with the accustomed fees. By other latters patent.

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 03 Dec 1461. Westminster. Appointment of the king's (19) kinsman Richard, earl of Warwick (33), to execute the office of steward of England at the trial of Henry VI and other rebels who murdered the King's father Richard, duke of York, at Wakefield.

On 09 Sep 1462 [his sister] Joan Neville Countess Arundel 1423-1462 (39) died.

Warwick becomes Kingmaker

Before 09 Dec 1462 [his mother] Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

On 28 Feb 1463 John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand 1433-1463 (30) died. On 28 Feb 1463 His son Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (7) succeeded 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand at around eight years of age. He became a ward of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle Middleham with the young (future) Richard III King England 1452-1485 (10).

1463 Siege of Norham Castle

Around Jun 1463 a Scottish and Lancastrian force, including James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (11), his mother Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (29), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) and his wife Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (33), laid siege to Norham Castle. They held Norham for eighteen days until a force led by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (35) and his brother [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 advanced to Norham Castle at which time the Scottish and Lancastrian force fled in panic pursued by the Yorkist army. Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (33) and her son Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (9) escaped to Berwick on Tweed and then to the continent. Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (41) remained in Scotland - he and his wife never saw each other again.

Battle of Hexham

On 27 May 1464 [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 3C 1464 as a reward for successfully suppressing the Lancastrian resistance in the North. The Ealdom of Northumberland traditionally held by the Percy family with whom the Neville family had been feuding for generations.

Edward IV announces his marriage at Privy Council

In Sep 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) announced his recent marriage at Privy Council to the astonishment of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (36) who had until recently been actively seeking a French Princess as Edward's future wife. .

On 17 Feb 1466 [his nephew] Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (16) and Margaret Woodville Countess Arundel were married.

Skirmish of Southampton

Before 10 May 1468 John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 sat in judgement on the Earl of Warwick's men who had attempted to steal the ship Trinity for the Earl of Warwick. In addition to the usual punishment of hanging, drawing and quartering Tiptoft also subjected the men's corpses to being impaled, perhaps unique in English punishments, but usual for pirates in Europe. His actions were described as cruel and unmerited by the common people and resulted in Tiptoft being known as 'Butcher'. .

Marriage of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York

Before 03 Jul 1468 Charles "Bold" Valois Burgundy Duke Burgundy 1433-1477 and Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 were married (he was her half second cousin) at Bruges. John Paston 1444-1504 travelled with Margaret. The marriage re-enforced Edward's connection with the Low Countries. After Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 rebelled against Edward IV King England 1442-1483 escaped to the Low Countries. .

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and [his daughter] Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) were married (he was her first cousin once removed) by [his brother] George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais in Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41). [his daughter] Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (17) by marriage 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461. .

Execution of the Woodvilles

On 12 Aug 1469 Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) ...
Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (64) was beheaded. His son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (29) succeeded 2nd Earl Rivers 1C 1466.
John Woodville 1445-1469 (24) was beheaded.

On 10 Sep 1469 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) was released by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) afer Warwick realised he didn't have sufficient support for an alternative regime.

Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York in the presence of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (41) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville fued that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Welles' Rebellion & Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

On 12 Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (42) and Thomas Dymoke 1428-1470 were beheaded at Queen's Cross Stamford. Note. Some sources say on battlefield immediately prior to the battle.
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On 12 Mar 1470 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (27) commanded at the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). The battle apparently didn't take place since the army of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470 fled in the face of the Royal army. The name 'Losecoat' not contemporary; Battle of Empingham may be. Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby Eresby 8th Baron Welles -1470 was captured with documents describing the fomenting of rebellion by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) and George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (20).

Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

On 27 Mar 1470 [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (9) was created 1st Duke Bedford 3C 1470 in preparation for his marriage to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (4) which didn't, in the end, take place. He, George, was nephew to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) possibly as a consequence of the Kingmaker's defection.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

On 27 Mar 1470 [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 revoked the Earl of Northumberland 3C 1464 so that the Earldom could be given to Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489 (21) of the Percy family who were traditional holders of the Earldom. A deeply unpopular move with the Neville family who had been longstanding enemies of the Percies in the North. He was created 1st Marquess Montagu instead. Possibly a consequence of the defection of Warwick the Kingmaker (42) to the Lancastrian cause as evidenced by the Welles Rebellion earlier in the year.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and [his daughter] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

Marriage of Edward of Westminster to Anne Neville

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (17) and [his daughter] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Angers Cathedral, Angers. [his daughter] Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) was appointed Princess Wales. .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by his brothers George (21) and Richard (18), John Babington 1423-1485 (48), Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495, William Norreys 1441-1507 (30), William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37), John Savage 1422-1495 (49), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494.
The Yorkists William Blount -1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471, Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed. Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43), [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed.
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought. .
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed.
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 14 Apr 1471 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 was buried at Bisham Priory Bisham.

Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

In 1474 Parliament declared [his former wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (47) legally dead (she lived until 1492) so that Edward IV's (31) two younger brothers George (24) and the Richard (21), who had married Anne Beauchamp's (47) daughters, Isabel (22) and Anne (17) respectively, could enjoy the significant Beauchamp inheritance after her husband Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 had been killed at the Battle of Barnet in 1471.
Some of the inhertance should have been given to [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) but he was only thirteen at the time; his father [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, younger brother of Warwick the Kingmaker, had also been killed at the Battle of Barnet. He, [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13), died in 1483 aged twenty-one somewhat conveniently after the death of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (31) and before Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) acceded to the throne. Curiously the Act of Parliament described Richard III King England 1452-1485 (21) enjoying the inheritance as long as there were Neville living heirs male. Upon the death of [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (13) the Neville heir male was Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (6) born 1468 whose wardship was held by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (56).

Parliament Rolls.Edward IV Oct 1472.Second Roll. 06 Jun 1474. Westminster. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster, 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (24), and Isabel (22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (24) and Isabel (22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (21) and Anne (17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead.

Death of George Neville

On 04 May 1483 [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) died. He being the son of [his brother] John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471, the nephew of Warwick the Kingmaker who should, perhaps, have inherited the Earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury from his mother that had been appropriated by [his nephew] George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (22) and Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30). The timing somewhat suspicious. The future Richard III would now enjoy the whole of the Warwick inheritance. .

On 20 Sep 1492 [his former wife] Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (66) died.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Neville

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke Countess Buckingham 1145 1188

Descendants Family Trees:

King Edward III England

John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340 1399

Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364 1425

Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379 1440

John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337 1388

Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318 1372

Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306 1376

Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407 1462

Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400 1460

Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350 1397

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350 1403

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314 1369

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 great grandson of King Edward III England

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 5 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandFather: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville Raby 1337-1388 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville Raby 1291-1367 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1262-1331

Great x 3 GrandMother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 1267-1329 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke Baroness Neville Raby 1304-1374 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 2 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isolde le Rous 1269-1328

Great GrandMother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Baron Percy 1299-1352 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 1284-1328 4 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 1303-1365 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 6 x great grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles 1276-1327 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 granddaughter of King Edward III England

Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 son of King Edward III England

Great x 2 GrandFather: King Edward III England son of King Edward II of England

Great x 3 GrandFather: King Edward II of England son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x great granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x great grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland Count Holland Count Avesnes Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great GrandMother: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

Mother: Alice Montagu 5th Countess Salisbury 1407-1462 3 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 3 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 2 x great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 3rd Baron Monthermer 1330-1389

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349

Great x 3 GrandMother: Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Monthermer Baroness Montagu 3rd Baroness Monthermer -1395 great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer 1301-1340 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brewes Baroness Monthermer

Great GrandMother: Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424

Great x 2 GrandFather: Adam Francis Mayor of London 1326-1375

GrandMother: Eleanor Holland 1386-1413 2 x great granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 great grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 4 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x great granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 2 x great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 5 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 4 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel Countess Surrey 1318-1372 great granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322