Biography of Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330
In Sep 1285 [his father] Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 (34) and [his mother] Margaret Fiennes 1269- were married.
On 25 Apr 1287 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 was born to [his father] Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 (36) and [his mother] Margaret Fiennes 1269-.
On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace -1305 during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:.
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26).
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55).
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53).
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49).
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24).
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37).
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26).
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52).
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27).
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43).
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58).
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30).
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29).
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11).
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43).
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42).
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42).
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41).
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30).
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20).
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17).
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67).
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25).
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21).
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31).
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18).
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59).
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39).
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?.
Simon Fraser -1306.
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23).
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and.
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.
In 1303 [his son] Edmund Mortimer 1303-1331 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (15) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (16).
In 1304 [his daughter] Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley 1304-1337 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (16) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (17).
In Jul 1304 [his father] Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 (53) died at Wigmore Castle Wigmore. His son Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (17) succeeded 3rd Baron Mortimer Wigmore. [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (18) by marriage Baroness Mortimer Wigmore.
In 1307 [his daughter] Maud Mortimer 1307-1345 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (19) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (20).
On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (13) was crowned Queen Consort England.
Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24) carried the Royal Crown.
William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal 1277-1314 (30) carried the Gilt Spurs.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (32) carried the Royal Sceptre.
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (27) carried the Royal Rod.
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.
Thomas Grey 1280-1344 (28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (61) attended.
In 1309 [his son] Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (21) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (22).
In 1310 [his son] John Mortimer 1310-1328 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (22) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (23).
In 1312 [his daughter] Joan Mortimer 1312-1337 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (24) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (25).
Around 1312 [his daughter] Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison 1312-1347 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (24) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (25) at Wigmore.
In 1313 [his daughter] Isabella Mortimer 1313-1327 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (25) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (26).
Around 1314 [his daughter] Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (26) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (27).
On 21 Oct 1314 Geoffrey Geneville 1st Baron Geneville 1226-1314 (88) died at Trim County Meath. He was buried at Black Friary, Trim, County Meath. His granddaughter [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (28) succeeded 2nd Baron Geneville.
On 19 Apr 1319 Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (6) and [his daughter] Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 (5) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed). [his daughter] Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 (5) by marriage Countess Warwick 1C 1088. An arranged marriage although not clear who arranged it or whose ward Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 (6) was (his father Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 had died four years before) - possibly by King Edward II of England (34) as a means of securing the Welsh March. The Beauchamp family established, the Mortimer family aspirational. The marriage took place after Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (31) had returned from his tenure as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and before he rebelled against King Edward II of England (34) in opposition to Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (33).
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter VI. 1322. THE foresaid king Edward the second (37), father to the noble king Edward the third (9), on whom our matter is founded, this said king governed right diversely his realm by the exhortation of sir Hugh Spencer (36), who had been nourished with him sith the beginning of his yongth ; the which sir Hugh (36) had so enticed the king (37), that his father and he were the greatest masters in all the realm, and by envy thought to surmount all other barons of England ; whereby after the great discomfiture that the Scots had made at Stirling great murmuring there arose in England between. The noble barons and the king's council, and namely against sir Hugh Spencer (36). They put on him that by his counsel they were discomfited, and that he was favourable to the king of Scots. And on this point the barons had divers times communication together, to be advised what they might do, whereof Thomas earl of Lancaster (44), who was uncle to the king, was chief. And anon when sir Hugh Spencer (36) had espied this, he purveyed for remedy, for he was so great with the king (37) and so near him, that he was more beloved with the king (37) than all the world after. So on a day he came to the king (37) and said, `Sir, certain lords of your realm have made alliance together against you, and without ye take heed thereto betimes, they purpose to put you out of your realm': and so by his malicious means he caused that the king made all the said lords to be taken, and their heads to be stricken off without delay, and without knowledge or answer to any cause. First of all sir Thomas earl of Lancaster (44), who was a noble and a wise, holy knight, and hath done sith many fair miracles in Pomfret, where he was beheaded, for the which deed the said sir Hugh Spencer (36) achieved great hate in all the realm, and specially of the queen (27) and of the earl of Kent (20), brother to the king (37). And when he perceived the displeasure of the queen (27), by his subtle wit he set great discord between the king and the queen (27), so that the king (37) would not see the queen nor come in her company, the which discord endured a long space. Then was it skewed to the queen (27) secretly and to the earl of Kent (20), that without they took good heed to themselves, they were likely to be destroyage to Saint Thomas of Canterbury, and so to Winchelsea, and in the night went into a ship that was ready for her, and her young son Edward (9) with her, and the earl of Kent (20) and sir Roger Mortimer (34), and in another ship they had put all their purveyance, and had wind at will, and the next morning they arrived in the haven of Boulogne.
Around 1322 [his daughter] Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 was born to Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34) and [his wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (35) at Wigmore.
On 16 Mar 1322 the rebel army led by Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44) attempted to cross the bridge over the River Ure (between Ripon and York) at Boroughbridge. Their path was blocked by forces loyal to the King led by Andrew Harclay 1st Earl Carlisle 1270-1323 (52). Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (46), Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (34), John Botetort 1st Baron Botetort 1265-1324 (57) and John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (32) fought for the rebels. Roger Clifford 2nd Baron Clifford 1300-1322 (22), Nicholas Longford 1285-1356 (37), Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (44), John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 (35) were captured. Warin Lisle 1271-1322 (51) was hanged after the battle. .
Following the battle Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 (31) and his wife Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 were both imprisoned. He in Nottingham Castle and she in Sempringham Priory Sempringham.
John Clinton 2nd Baron Clinton 1300-1335 (22), Ralph Greystoke 1st Baron Greystoke 1299-1323 (22), William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (46), Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344 (34), Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar 1293- and Peter Saltmarsh 1280-1338 (42) fought for the King.
Adam Everingham 1st Baron Laxton 1279-1341 (43) was captured.
Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (46) was killed. His son John Bohun 5th Earl Hereford 4th Earl Essex 1307-1336 (15) succeeded 5th Earl Hereford 6C 1199, 4th Earl Essex 3C 1239.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter IX. 1326. WHEN the Queen (31) heard this tidings, she knew not what to say nor what advice to take ; for as then the barons of the realm of France were withdrawn from her by the commandment of the king of France, and so she had no comfort nor succour, but all only of her dear cousin Sir Robert de Artois (39) ; for he secretly did counsel and comfort her as much as he might, for otherwise he durst not, for the king had defended him. But he knew well that the Queen (31) was chased out of England and also out of France for evil will and by envy, which grieved him greatly. Thus was Sir Robert de Artois (39) at the queen's commandment ; but be durst not speak nor be known thereof, for he had heard the king and the Earl of Kent (24) and Sir Roger Mortimer (38), and to put them all in the hands of the king and of Sir Hugh Spencer (40). Wherefore he came on a night and declared all this to the queen (31), and advised her of the peril that she was in. Then the queen (31) was greatly abashed, and required biro all weeping of his good counsel. Then he (39) said: 'Madam, I counsel you that ye depart and go into the Empire, whereas there be many great lords, who may right well aid you, and specially the earl Guilliam of Hainault (38) and sir John of Hainault (40) his brother. These two are great lords and wise men, true, drad and redoubted of their enemies.' Then the queen (31) caused to be made ready all her purveyance, and paid for everything as secretly as she might, and so she and her son (13), the Earl of Kent (24) and all her company departed from Paris and rode toward Hainault, and so long she rode that she came to Cambresis ; and when she knew she was in the Empire, she was better assured than she was before, and so passed through Cambresis and entered into Ostrevant in Hainault, and lodged at Bugnicourt, in a knight's house who was called sir d'Aubrecicourt, who received her right joyously in the best manner to his power, insomuch that afterward the queen of England (31) and her son (13) had with them into England for ever the knight and his wife and all his children, and advanced them in divers manners. The coming thus of the queen of England (31) and of her son and heir into the country of Hainault was anon well known in the house of the good earl of Hainault, who as then was at Valenciennes; and sir John of Hainault (38) was certified of the time when the queen arrived at the place of sir d'Aubrecicourt, the which sir John (38) was brother to the said earl Guilliam (40), and as he that was young and lusty, desiring all honour, mounted on his horse and departed with a small company from Valenciennes, and came the same night to Bugnicourt, and did to the queen all honour and reverence that he could devise. The queen, who was right sorrowful, began to declare (complaining to him right piteously) her dolours ; whereof the said sir John (38) had great pity, so that the water dashed in his eyen, and said, ' Certainly, fair lady, behold me here your own knight, who shall you into your estates in England, by the grace of God and with the help of your friends in that parts : and I and such other as I can desire shall put our lives and goods in adventure for your sake, and shall get men of war sufficient, if God be pleased, without the danger of the king of France your brother.' Then the queen would have kneeled down for great joy that she had, and for the good-will he offered her, but this noble knight took her up quickly in his arms and said : 'By the grace of God the noble queen of England shall not kneel to me ; but, madam, recomfort yourself and all your company, for I shall keep you faithful promise ; and ye shall go see the earl my brother (40) and the countess his wife (32) and all their fair children, who shall receive you with great joy, for so I heard them report they would do.' Then the queen said: 'Sir, I find in you more love and comfort than in all the world, and for this that ye say and affirm me I thank you a thousand times ; and if ye will do this ye have promised in all courtesy and honour, I and my son shall be to you for ever bound, and will put all the realm of England in your abandon; for it is right that it so should be.' And after these words, when they were thus accorded, sir John of Hainault (38) took leave of the queen (31) for that night, and went to Denaing and lay in the abbey; and in the morning after mass he leapt on his horse and came again to the queen (31), who received him with great joy. By that time she had dined and was ready to mount on her horse to, depart with him ; and so the queen departed from the castle of Bugnicourt, and took leave of the knight and of the lady, and thanked them for their good cheer that they bad made her, and said that she trusted once to see the time that she or her son should well remember their courtesy. Thus departed the queen in the company of the said sir John to the countess his wife, and feasted her right nobly. And as then this earl (40) had four fair daughters, Margaret (14), Philippa (11), Jane (11) and Isabel (3), among whom the young Edward (13) yet most his love and company on Philippa (11), and also the young lady in all honour was more conversant with him than any of her sisters. Thus the queen Isabel (31) abode at Valenciennes by the space of eight days with the good earl (40) and with the countess Jane de Valois. In the meantime the queen apparelled for her needs and business, and the said sir John wrote letters right affectuously unto knights and such companions as he trusted best in all Hainault, in Brabant and in Bohemia, and prayed them for all amities that was between them, that they would go with him in this enterprise into England; and so there were great plenty, what of one country and other, that were content to go with him for his love. But this said sir John of Hainault (38) was greatly reproved and counselled the contrary both of the earl his brother (40) and of the chief of the council of the country, because it seemed to them that the enterprise was right high and perilous, seeing the great discords and great hates that as then was between the barons of England among themselves, and also considering that these Englishmen most commonly have ever great envy at strangers. Therefore they doubted that the said sir John of Hainault and his company should not return again' with honour. But howsoever they blamed or counselled him, the gentle knight would never change his purpose, but said he had but one death to die, the which was in the will of God; and also said that all knights ought to aid to their powers all ladies and damosels chased out of their own countries, being without counsel or comfort.
In Oct 1326 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (31) landed at Orford with Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (39), John Maltravers 1st Baron Maltravers 1290-1365 (36) and Nicholas Abrichecourt 1290-.
On 24 Nov 1326 Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (40) was hanged in Hereford. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (31) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (39) were present.
He was dragged naked through the streets, for the crowd's mistreatment. He was made a spectacle, which included writing on his body biblical verses against the capital sins he was accused of. Then he was hanged as a mere commoner, yet released before full asphyxiation could happen.
He was then tied firmly to a ladder and his genitals sliced off and burned while he was still conscious. His entrails were slowly pulled out; finally, his heart was cut out and thrown into a fire. His body was beheaded and cut into four pieces. His head was mounted on the gates of London.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XV. AFTER that sir John of Hainault (39) was departed from king Edward (14), he and the queen (32) his mother governed the realm by the counsel of the earl of Kent (25), uncle to the king, and by the counsel of sir Roger Mortimer (39), who had great lands in England to the sum of seven hundred pounds of rent yearly. And they both were banished and chased out of England with the queen (32), as ye have heard before. Also they used much after the counsel of sir Thomas Wake (30), and by the advice of other who were reputed for the most sagest of the realm. Howbeit there were some had envy thereat, the which never died in England, and also it reigneth and will reign in divers other countries. Thus passed forth the winter and the Lent season till Easter, and then the king (14) and the queen (32) and all the realm was in good peace all this season. Then so it fortuned that king Robert of Scotland (52), who had been right hardy and had suffered much travail against Englishmen, and oftentimes he had been chased and discomfited in the time of king Edward the first, grandfather to this young king Edward the third (14), he was as then become very old and ancient, and sick (as it was said) of the great evil and malady. When he knew the adventures that was fallen in England, how that the old king Edward the second (42) was taken and deposed down from his regaly and his crown, and certain of his counsellors beheaded and put to destruction, as ye have heard herebefore, then he bethought him that he would defy the young king Edward the third (14), because he was young and that the barons of the realm were not all of one accord, as it was said : therefore he [thought] the better to speed in his purpose to conquer part of England. And so about Easter in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVII. he sent his defiance to the young king Edward the third and to all the realm, sending them word how that he would enter into the realm of England and bren before him as he had done beforetime at such season as the discomfiture was at the castle of Stirling, whereas the Englishmen received great damage. When the king of England (14) and his council perceived that they were defied, they caused it to be known over all the realm, and commanded that all the nobles and all other should be ready apparelled every man after his estate, and that they should be by Ascension-day next after at the town of York, standing northward. The king sent much people before to keep the frontiers against Scotland, and sent a great ambassade to sir John of Hainault (39), praying him right affectuously that he would help to succour and to keep company with him in his voyage against the Scots, and that he world be with him at the Ascensionday next after at York, with such company as he might get of men of war in those parts. When sir John of Hainault lord of Beaumont (39) heard the king's (14) desire, he sent straight his letters and his messengers in every place whereas he thought to recover or attain to have any company of men of war, in Flanders, in Hainault, in Brabant, and in other places, desiring them that in their best apparel for the war they would meet him at Wissant, for to go over the sea with him into England. And all such as he sent unto came to him with a glad cheer, and divers other that heard thereof, in trust to attain to as much honour as they had that were with him in England before at the other voyage. So that by that time the said lord Beaumont (39) was come to Wissant, there was ready ships for him and his company, brought out of England. And so they took shipping and passed over the sea and arrived at Dover, and so then ceased not to ride till: they came within three days of Pentecost to the town of York, whereas the king (14) and the queen (32) his mother and all his lords were with great host tarrying the coming of sir John of Hainault (39), and had sent many before of their men of arms, archers and common people of the good towns and villages ; and as people resorted, they were caused to be lodged two or three leagues off, all about in the country. And on a day thither came sir John of Hainault (39) and his company, who were right welcome and well received both of the king (14), of the queen his mother, and of all other barons, and to them was delivered the suburbs of the city to lodge in. And to sir John of Hainault was delivered an abbey of white monks for him and his household. There came with him out of Hainault the lord of Enghien, who was called sir Gaultier, and sir Henry lord d'Antoing, and the lord of Fagnolle, and sir Fastres du Roeulx, sir Robert de Bailleul, and sir Guilliam de Bailleul his brother, and the lord of Havreth, chatelain of Mons, sir Allard de Briffeuil, sir Michael de Ligne, sir John de Montigny the younger and his brother, sir Sanses de Boussoit, the lord of Gommegnies, sir Perceval de Semeries, the lord of Beaurieu and the lord of Floyon. Also of the country of Flanders there was sir Hector of Vilain, sir John de Rhodes, sir Wu there was sir John le Belt and sir Henry his brother, sir Godfrey de la Chapelle, sir Hugh d'Ohey, sir John de Libyne, sir Lambert d'Oupey, and sir Gilbert de Herck: and out of Cambresis and Artois there were come certain knights of their own good wills to advance their bodies: so that sir John of Hainault had well in his company five hundred men of arms, well apparelled and richly mounted. And after the feast of Pentecost came thither sir Guilliam de Juliers (28), who was after duke of Juliers after the decease of his father, and sir Thierry of Heinsberg, who was after earl of Loos, and with them a right fair rout, and all to keep company with the gentle knight sir John of Hainault lord Beaumont.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XIX. Jun 1328. IT was not long after but that the king (15) and the queen (33) his mother, the earl of Kent (26) his uncle, the earl of Lancaster (47), sir Roger Mortimer (40) and all the barons of England, and by the advice of the king's council, they sent a bishop' and two knights bannerets, with two notable clerks, to sir John of Hainault (40), praying him to be a mean that their lord the young king of England might have in marriage one of the earl's (42) daughters of Hainault, his brother (42), named Philippa (13) ; for the king and all the nobles of the realm had rather have her than any other lady, for the love of him. Sir John of Hainault (40) lord Beaumont feasted and honoured greatly these ambassadors, and brought them to Valenciennes to the earl his brother, who honourably received them and made them such cheer, that it were over long here to rehearse. And when they had skewed the content of their message, the earl (42) said, 'Sirs, I thank greatly the king (15) your prince and the queen (33) his mother and all other lords of England, sith they have sent such sufficient personages as ye be to do me such honour as to treat for the marriage ; to the which request I am well agreed, if our holy father the pope will consent thereto'-. with the which answer these ambassadors were right well content. Then they sent two knights and two clerks incontinent to the pope, to Avignon, to purchase a dispensation for this marriage to be had ; for without the pope's licence they might not marry, for [by] the lineage of France they were so near of kin as at the third degree, for the two mothers [Note. Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) and Joan Valois Count Zeeland Count Holland Count Avesnes Count Hainault 1294-1342 (34)] were cousin-germans issued of two brethren. And when these ambassadors were come to the pope, and their requests and considerations well heard, our holy father the pope with all the whole college consented to this marriage, and so feasted them. And then they departed and came again to Valenciennes with their bulls. Then this marriage was concluded and affirmed on both parties. Then was there devised and purveyed for their apparel and for all things honourable that belonged to such a lady, who should be queen of England: and there this princess was married by a sufficient procuration brought from the king of England ; and after all feasts and triumphs done, then this young queen entered into the sea at Wissant, and arrived with all her company at Dover. And sir John of Hainault (40) lord Beaumont, her uncle, did conduct her to the city of London, where there was made great feast, and many nobles of England, ... queen was crowned. And there was also great jousts, tourneys, dancing, carolling and great feasts every day, the which endured the, space of three weeks. The English chronicle saith this marriage and coronation of the queen was done at York with much honour, the Sunday in the even of the Conversion of Saint Paul, in the year of our Lord MCCCXXVII. In the which chronicle is shewed many other things of the ruling of the realm, and of the death of king Edward of Caernarvon, and divers other debates that were within the realm, as in the same chronicle more plainly it appeareth : the which the author of this book speaketh no word of, because peradventure he knew it not ; for it was hard for a stranger to know all things. But according to his writing this young queen Philippa (13) abode still in England with a small company of any persons of her own country, saving one who was named Watelet of Manny (18), who abode still with the queen and was, her carver, and after did so many great prowesses in divers places, that it were hard to make mention of them all.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XX. Mar 1328. Treaty of Edinburgh Northampton. AND when that the Scots were departed by night from the mountain, whereas the king of England (15) had besieged them, as ye have heard herebefore, they went twentytwo mile through that savage country without resting, and passed the river of Tyne right near to Carlisle ; and the next day they went into their own land, and so departed every man to his own mansion. And within a space after there was a peace purchased between the kings of England and Scotland ; and as the English chronicle saith,' it was done by the special counsel of the old queen (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) ; for by their means there was a parliament holden at Northampton, at the which the king (15) being within age granted to the Scots to release all the fealties and homages that they ought to have done to the crown of England, by his charter ensealed, and also there was delivered to the Scots an indenture, the which was called the Ragman, wherein was contained all the homages and fealties that the king of Scots and all the prelates, earls and barons of Scotland ought to have done to the crown of England, sealed with all their seals, with all other rights that sundry barons and knights ought to have had in the realm of Scotland. And also they delivered to them again the black cross of Scotland, the which the good king Edward conquered and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the which was a precious relic ; and all rights and interests that every baron had in Scotland was then clean forgiven. And many other things were done at that parliament to the great hurt and prejudice of the realm of England, and in manner against the wills of all the nobles of the realm, save only of Isabel (33) the old queen and the bishop of Ely and the lord Mortimer (40) : they ruled the realm in such wise, that every man was miscontent. So that the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) and sir Thomas Brotherton (27), earl marshal, and sir Edmund of Woodstock (26), the king's uncle, and divers other lords and commons were agreed together to amend these faults, if they might. And in that meantime the queen Isabel (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) caused another parliament to be holden at Salisbury, at the which parliament sir Roger Mortimer (40) was made earl of March against all the barons' wills of England, in prejudice of king and his realm, and sir John of Eltham (11) the king's brother was made earl of Cornwall. To the which parliament the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) would not come, wherefore the king was brought in belief that he would have destroyed his person; for the which they assembled a great host and went toward Bedford, whereas the earl Henry (47) was with his company. Then the earl marshal (27) and the earl of Kent (26), the king's uncle, made a peace between the king (15) and the earl of Lancaster (47), on whose part was sir Henry lord Beaumont (48), sir Fulke Fitz-Warin (43), sir Thomas Rocelin, sir William Trussel, sir Thomas Wither and about a hundred knights, who were all expelled out of England by the counsel of queen Isabel and the earl Mortimer : for he was so covetous, that he thought to have the most part of all their lands into his own hands, as it is more plainly shewed in the English chronicle, the which I pass over and follow mine author.
On 17 Mar 1328 Robert the Bruce (53) signed the Treaty of Edinburgh Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:.
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,.
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,.
Robert the Bruce (53), and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and.
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of Edward's (15) mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (40) rather than King Edward (15). Two years after King Edward (15) commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence in Aug 1332.
On 31 May 1328 the Mortimer family leveraged their new status at a lavish ceremony that celebrated two marriages in Hereford. Edward Plantagenet 1320-1334 (8) and [his daughter] Beatrice Mortimer 1322-1383 (6) were married (he was her half third cousin once removed). Laurence Hastings 1st Earl Pembroke 1319-1348 (9) and [his daughter] Agnes Mortimer 1317-1368 (11) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). King Edward III England (15) and his mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) attended as well as Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41).
In Oct 1328 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (41) was created 1st Earl March 1C 1328 by his own authority to the surprise, perhaps astonishment, of the nobility who compared his behaviour as similar to the usurped Edward II.
On 19 Mar 1330 the King's uncle Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28) was beheaded at Winchester Castle. His son Edmund Plantagenet 2nd Earl Kent 1326-1331 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Kent 5C 1321. The executioner was a convicted latrine cleaner who was also facing the death penalty; no-one else would undertake the task. Edmund had been convicted of plotting against the court believing his brother Edward II was still alive. It later emerged the plot had been created by Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (42) to entrap Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 (28). King Edward III England (17) was unable to show leniency risking complicity in the plot.
The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XX. 25 Aug 1330. Battle of Teba. And within a while after that this knight sir William Douglas (44) was come to the king of Spain (19), on a day the king issued out into the field to approach near to his enemies. And the king of Granade issued out in like wise on his part, so that each king might see other with all their banners displayed. Then they arranged their battles each against other. Then sir William Douglas (44) drew out on the one side with all his company, to the intent to shew his prowess the better. And when he saw these battles thus ranged on both parties, and saw that the battle of the king of Spain (19) began somewhat to advance toward their enemies, he thought then verily that they should soon assemble together to fight at hand strokes; and then he thought rather to be with the foremost than with the hindermost, and strake his horse with the spurs, and all his company also, and dashed into the battle of the king of Granade, crying, 'Douglas! Douglas !' weening to him the king of Spain (19) and his host had followed, but they did not ; wherefore he was deceived, for the Spanish host stood still. And so this gentle knight (44) was enclosed, and all his company, with the Saracens, whereas he did marvels in arms, but finally he could not endure, so that he and all his company were slain. The which was great damage, that the Spaniards would not rescue them. Also in this season there were certain lords that treated for peace between England and Scotland. So that at the last there was a marriage made and solemnised between the young king of Scotland (4) and dame Joan of the Tower (7), sister to king Edward of England (15), at Berwick, as the English chronicle saith, on Mary Maudlin day [Note. the Feast of Mary Magdalen is 22 Jul?], the year 'of our Lord MCCCXXVIII., against the assent of many of the nobles of the realm. But queen Isabel (35) the king's mother and the earl Mortimer (43) made that marriage ; at the which, as mine author saith, there was great feast made on both parties.
On 19 Oct 1330 John Neville 1299-1335, William Eland, William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361 (20), William Clinton 1st Earl Huntingdon 1304-1354 (26) and William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (29), friends of King Edward III England (17) secretly entered Nottingham Castle through tunnels, met with King Edward III England (17), and arrested Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) and his son [his son] Geoffrey Mortimer 1309-1372 (21) in the presence of Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (35).
On 29 Nov 1330 Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (43) was hanged naked at Tyburn accused of assuming royal power and of various other high misdemeanours. His body hung at the gallows for two days and nights. His grandson Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March 1328-1360 (2) succeeded 2nd Earl March 1C 1328, 4th Baron Mortimer Wigmore.
Before 06 Jul 1336 Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 abducted Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349. She being the heir of the very wealthy Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347; considerably more wealthy than Ralph. King Edward III England was sympathetic despite the complaint of her father since Ralph had been one of King Edward III's key supporters during the plot to arrest Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330. Margaret's father was subsequently created Earl as a quid pro quo.
On 19 Oct 1356 [his former wife] Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 (70) died.
Paternal Family Tree: Mortimer
Descendants Family Trees:
John "Lackland" I King England 1166 1216
Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172 1240
Kings Wessex: Great x 14 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 4 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 10 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 5 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132
Kings England: Great x 3 Grand Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 14 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks 778-840
Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Henry I King France 1008-1060
Father: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 2 x great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1231-1282 great grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great GrandFather: Ralph Mortimer 1190-1246
Great x 2 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1152-1214
Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Mortimer -1181
Great x 3 GrandMother: Matilda Gernon
Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Ferrers -1219
Great x 3 GrandFather: Walchelin Ferrers -1201
Great GrandMother: Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw 1194-1251 granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 2 GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240
Great x 3 GrandFather: Iorwerth "Drwyndwn aka Flat Nosed" Aberffraw 1130-1174
Great x 3 GrandMother: Marared ferch Madog Mathrafal
Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Adela Plantagenet
GrandMother: Maud Braose 1224-1301
Great GrandFather: William Braose 1204-1230
Great x 2 GrandFather: Reginald Braose 9th Baron Abergavenny 1160-1228
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Braose 4th Baron Bramber 1144-1211
Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud "Lady of Hay" St Valery Baroness Bramber 1155-1210
Great x 2 GrandMother: Graecia Briwere
Great GrandMother: Eva Marshal 1203-1246
Great x 2 GrandFather: William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Fitzgilbert 1105-1165
Great x 3 GrandMother: Sybil Salisbury
Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Clare 4th Countess Pembroke 1172-1220
Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Strongbow" Clare 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Buckingham 1130-1176
Great x 3 GrandMother: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke Countess Buckingham 1145-1188
Mother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302
Great GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265
Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1160-1240
Great x 3 GrandFather: Engeurrand "Crusader" Fiennes 1128-1189
Great x 3 GrandMother: Sibylle Flanders -1223
Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin
Great x 3 GrandFather: Alberic Dammartin -1200
Great x 3 GrandMother: Mathilde Clermont -1200
Great GrandMother: Isabel Provence
GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302 3 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great GrandFather: John Beaumont 1232- 2 x great grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 2 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237
Great x 3 GrandFather: Erard Brienne II Count Brienne -1191
Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnès Montfaucon Count Brienne
Great x 2 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great x 3 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230
Great x 3 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Great GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun 1227-1252
Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun -1250
Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun V Viscount Châteaudun -1218
Great x 2 GrandMother: Clemence Roches Count Blois