Twenty Trees

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History of Berkshire

Berkshire is in Home Counties

Death of Edward IV

870 Battle of Englefield

871 Battle of Reading

871 Battle of Ashdown

1121 Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

1215 Magna Carta

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1399 Epiphany Rising

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1483 Execution of William Hastings by Richard III

1529 Oct Wolsey surrenders the Great Seal

1532 Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

1560 Death of Amy Robsart wife of Robert Dudley

1643 First Battle of Newbury

1644 Second Battle of Newbury

1688 Glorious Revolution

1817 Death of Princess Charlotte

1820 Death of King George III

1820 Funeral of King George III

1837 Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

1861 Death of Prince Albert

1861 Funeral of Prince Albert

1863 Marriage of the future King Edward VII and Alexandra

1904 Marriage of Princess Alice and Alexander Teck

1952 Death of George VI Accession of Elizabeth II

Battle of Ashdown

On 08 Jan 871 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 (22) defeated the Viking army led by Halfdan Ragnarsson -877 at the Battle of Ashdown in Berkshire. Bagsecg Viking -871 was killed.

Abingdon

John Evelyn's Diary 1637 1639 University. 20 May 1639. Accompanied with one Mr. J. Crafford (who afterward being my fellow-traveler in Italy, there changed his religion), I took a journey of pleasure to see the Somersetshire baths, Bristol, Cirencester, Malmesbury, Abington, and divers other towns of lesser note; and returned the 25th.

Abingdon Abbey Abingdon

In 1127 Ralph Basset 1076-1127 (51) died at Abingdon Abbey Abingdon.

In Sep 1142 Robert II Oili 1065-1142 (77) died at Abingdon Abbey Abingdon.

In Oct 1361 Margaret Plantagenet Countess Pembroke 1346-1361 (15) died. She was buried at Abingdon Abbey Abingdon.

In 1458 Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon 1414-1458 (44) died at Abingdon Abbey Abingdon. He was buried at Courtenay Chantry Chapel Exeter Cathedral. His son Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (26) succeeded 14th Earl Devon 2C Courtenay.

North Court House Abingdon

On 26 Oct 1878 Theresa Stourton Baroness Arundel Wardour 1812-1878 (66) died at North Court House Abingdon.

St Edmund's Lane Abingdon

On 20 Nov 1174 Edmund Rich Archbishop of Canterbury 1174-1240 was born at St Edmund's Lane Abingdon.

Ascot

Sunningdale Ascot

Coworth Park Sunningdale Ascot

On 23 Jul 1957 Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Countess Derby 1862-1957 (94) died at Coworth Park Sunningdale Ascot.

Bagshot

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 September. 15 Sep 1685. I accompanied Mr. Pepys (52) to Portsmouth, whither his Ma* (51) was going the first time since his coming to the Crowne, to see in what state the fortifications were. We tooke coach and six horses, late after dinner, yet got to Bagshot that night. Whilst supper was making ready I went and made a visit to Mrs. Graham (34), some time maid of honour to ye Queene Dowager (46), now wife to James Graham, Esq (36) of the privy purse to the King; her house being a walke in the forest, within a little quarter of a mile from Bagshot towne. Very importunate she was that I would sup, and abide there that night, but being obliged by my companion, I return'd to our inn, after she had shew'd me her house, wch was very commodious and well furnish'd, as she was an excellent housewife, a prudent and virtuous lady. There is a parke full of red deere about it. Her eldest son was now sick there of the small-pox, but in a likely way of recovery, and other of her children run about, and among the infected, wnh she said she let them do on purpose that they might whilst young pass that fatal disease she fancied they were to undergo one time or other, and that this would be the best: the severity of this cruell disease so lately in my poore family confirming much of what she affirmed.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Bagshot Park Bagshot

On 20 Apr 1770 George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle 1724-1772 (46) and Anne Miller Countess Albermarle -1824 were married at Bagshot Park Bagshot. Anne Miller Countess Albermarle -1824 by marriage Countess Albermarle 1C 1697.

Bisham

Bisham Abbey Bisham

On 23 Nov 1349 Catherine Grandison Countess Salisbury 1304-1349 (45) died at Bisham Abbey Bisham.

In 1474 Geoffrey Pole 1430-1474 (44) died at Bisham Abbey Bisham. He was buried at Bisham Abbey Bisham.

After 28 Nov 1499 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 was buried at Bisham Abbey Bisham.

In 1560 Edward Hoby 1560-1617 was born at Bisham Abbey Bisham.

Boveney

Around 1429 Edward Montagu 1429-1529 was born to Richard Montagu 1389-1429 (40) at Boveney.

In 1455 Robert Montagu 1455-1520 was born to Edward Montagu 1429-1529 (26) at Boveney.

In 1520 Robert Montagu 1455-1520 (65) died at Boveney.

Bray

St Michael's Church Bray

Norreys Chapel St Michael's Church Bray

On 01 Sep 1466 John Norreys 1400-1466 (66) died. He was buried in the Norreys Chapel St Michael's Church Bray.

Buckland

In 1605 John Yate 2nd Baronet Yate 1605-1658 was born to Edward Yate 1st Baronet 1575-1645 (30) in Buckland.

In 1634 Charles Yate 3rd Baronet Yate 1634-1680 was born to John Yate 2nd Baronet Yate 1605-1658 (29) and Mary Pakington 1611-1696 (23) in Buckland.

Around 1664 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687 (30). Portrait of Charles Yate 3rd Baronet Yate 1634-1680 (30).

Around 1664 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687 (30). Portrait of Mary Pakington 1611-1696 (53).

Clewer

On 02 Dec 1858 Anthony Henry Ashley Cooper 1807-1858 (51) died at Clewer.

Crowthorne

Wellington College Crowthorne

Charles Alfred Euston Fitzroy 10th Duke Grafton 1892-1970 educated at Wellington College Crowthorne.

Donnington

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 June. 09 Jun 1654. Dined at Marlborough, which having been lately fired, was now new built. At one end of this town, we saw my Lord Seymour's (64) house, but nothing observable save the Mount, to which we ascended by windings for near half a mile. It seems to have been cast up by hand. We passed by Colonel Popham's (49), a noble seat, park, and river. Thence, to Newbury, a considerable town, and Donnington, famous for its battle, siege, and castle, this last had been in the possession of old Geoffrey Chaucer. Then to Aldermaston, a house of Sir Humphrey Forster's, built à la moderne. Also, that exceedingly beautiful seat of my Lord Pembroke (33), on the ascent of hill, flanked with wood, and regarding the river, and so, at night, to Cadenham, the mansion of Edward Hungerford (21), Esq, uncle to my wife (19), where we made some stay. The rest of the week we did nothing but feast and make good cheer, to welcome my wife (19).

Donnington Castle Donnington

In 1386 Richard Adderbury of Donnington Casatle 1331-1399 (55) was given permission by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (18) to fortify Donnington Castle Donnington.

Eaton

On 23 Jul 1577 Thomas Wenman 1548-1577 (29) died. He left significant debts to the Crown requiring some of his lands to be sold. Eaton was sold to John Danvers 1540-1594 (37) for £7700. Richard Wenman 1st Viscount Wenman 1573-1640 (4) was made a ward of his mother Jane West 1558-1606 (19) and Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (45). Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester 1532-1588 (45) sold his interest to James Cressy who subsequently married Jane West 1558-1606 (19).

Hungerford

In 1440 Richard Mayew Bishop of Hereford 1440-1516 was born in Hungerford. His surname sometimes Mayo.

On or before 08 Jun 1738 Francis Stonehouse 1654-1738 (84) died. On 08 Jun 1738 he was buried in Hungerford.

Eddington House Hungerford

On 21 May 1893 Charles Portal 1893-1971 was born at Eddington House Hungerford.

Hungerford Church Hungerford

Walter Hungerford was buried at Hungerford Church Hungerford.

Lambourne

On 27 Jun 1335 William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison 1262-1335 (73) died at Lambourne. His son Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison -1358 succeeded 2nd Baron Grandison. Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison 1312-1347 (23) by marriage Baroness Grandison.

Midgham

On 17 Dec 1750 Stephen Poyntz 1685-1750 (65) died at Midgham.

Mortimer

Around 1332 Edward Zouche 1332- was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Mortimer 1265-1336 (67) and Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292-1337 (39) at Mortimer.

Moulsford

In 1215 William Carew 1215-1279 was born at Moulsford.

Around 1235 Nicholas Carew 1235-1297 was born to William Carew 1215-1279 (20) and Alice Marshal 1215-1271 (20) in Moulsford.

Around 1253 Nicholas Carew 1253-1311 was born to Nicholas Carew 1235-1297 (18) in Moulsford.

On 04 Oct 1369 Leonard Carew 1342-1369 (26) died in Moulsford.

Newbury

Prehistoric Avebury describes a number of Prehistoric monuments including the largest Neolithic enclosure in Britain, Windmill Hill Enclosure, the largest stone circle in Britain, Avebury Henge and Stone Circles, the two largest prehistoric mounds in Europe Silbury Hill and Marlborough Mound, the longest long barrows, West and East and the West Kennet Avenue. Avebury was an important area in Prehistory; it isn't clear why. Perhaps something to do with the proximity of the Ridgeway Path, or being at the headwaters of the River Kennet which joins the River Thames at Reading after flowing through Marlborough and Newbury. Stonehenge, built around the same time as the Avebury Henge and Stone Circles, is only seventeen miles away, more or less, south, almost exactly. Possibly because Avebury is at the centre of a chalk upland region that is very clearly defined by the scarp slopes.

In 1628 Thomas Millington Doctor 1628-1704 was born in Newbury.

In 1635 Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1682 was born to Thomas Chamberlayne 1st Baronet Chamberlayne -1643 at Newbury.

After 1635 James Chamberlayne 3rd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1699 was born to Thomas Chamberlayne 1st Baronet Chamberlayne -1643 at Newbury.

First Battle of Newbury

On 20 Sep 1643 the First Battle of Newbury was fought at Newbury with Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42) commanding the Royalist army and Robert Devereux 3rd Earl Essex 1591-1646 (52) commanding the victorious Parliamentary army. For Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (42)John Byron 1st Baron Byron 1599-1652 (44) fought with distinction. Henry Bertie -1643, Robert Dormer 1st Earl Carnarvon 1610-1643 was killed.
William Villiers 2nd Viscount Grandison 1614-1643 (29) was killed. His brother John Villiers 3rd Viscount Grandison -1661 succeeded 3rd Viscount Grandison 1C 1620.
Edward Villiers 1620-1689 (23) fought.
Lucius Carey 2nd Viscount Falkland 1610-1643 (33) was killed. His son Lucius Carey 3rd Viscount Falkland 1632-1649 (11) succeeded 3rd Viscount Falkland.
Richard Neville 1615-1676 (28) served under the Earl Carnarvon. Carnarvon was killed and Neville took up the command as a Colonel of Horse.
Charles Fleetwood 1618-1692 (25) was wounded.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 June. 09 Jun 1654. Dined at Marlborough, which having been lately fired, was now new built. At one end of this town, we saw my Lord Seymour's (64) house, but nothing observable save the Mount, to which we ascended by windings for near half a mile. It seems to have been cast up by hand. We passed by Colonel Popham's (49), a noble seat, park, and river. Thence, to Newbury, a considerable town, and Donnington, famous for its battle, siege, and castle, this last had been in the possession of old Geoffrey Chaucer. Then to Aldermaston, a house of Sir Humphrey Forster's, built à la moderne. Also, that exceedingly beautiful seat of my Lord Pembroke (33), on the ascent of hill, flanked with wood, and regarding the river, and so, at night, to Cadenham, the mansion of Edward Hungerford (21), Esq, uncle to my wife (19), where we made some stay. The rest of the week we did nothing but feast and make good cheer, to welcome my wife (19).

Pelican Inn Newbury

On 25 Dec 1744 Henry Brydges 2nd Duke Chandos 1708-1771 (36) and Anne Wells Duchess Chandos were married. She by marriage Duchess Chandos 1C 1719. Two versions of their meeting are related...
Notes & Queries 1870 4th Series, Vol. 6, p.179: Lord Omery remarked, on 15th January 1745, "Of her person & character people speak variously, but all agree that both are very bad. " He was speaking of Anne, Duchess of Chandos. She was the daughter of one John Wells of Newbury (& St. Marylebone) whose arms appear as azure, three fountains proper, on her hatchment at Keynsham Church. She was chambermaid at the Pelican Inn Newbury, and married to Jeffries the Ostler there. There is a story about the Duchess told by an old lady of Newbury, who was ten years old at the time. Henry Bridges, 2nd Duke of Chandos (36), while on his way to London, dined at the Pelican Inn in Newbury, with a companion (it has been claimed that the Inn was the Marlborough Castle, but this is incorrect). After dinner there was a stir and a bustle in the Inn Yard. The explanation came that "A man is going to sell his wife and they are leading her up the yard with a halter round her neck". "We will go and see the sale, " said the Duke. On entering the yard, however, he was so smitten with the woman's beauty and the patient way she waited to be set free from her ill‑conditioned husband, the Inn's ostler, that he bought her himself. She was his mistress for some years. In August 1738 his wife died, and by 1744 the ostler was dead also, and the two were finally married at Mr. Keith's Chapel, Mayfair on 25th December 1744.
The Gentleman's Magazine 1832. The Duke of Chandos (36), while staying at a small country inn, saw the ostler beating his wife in a most cruel manner; he interfered and literally bought her for half a crown. She was a young and pretty woman; the Duke had her educated; and on the husband's death he married her. On her death-bed, she had her whole household assembled, told them her history, and drew from it a touching moral of reliance on Providence; as from the most wretched situation, she had been suddenly raised to one of the greatest prosperity; she entreated their forgiveness if at any time she had given needless offence, and then dismissed them with gifts; dying almost in the very act.

Speen Newbury

Second Battle of Newbury

On 27 Oct 1644 Maurice Palatinate Simmern 1621-1652 fought for the defeated Royalist army at the Second Battle of Newbury at Speen Newbury. Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland 1591-1667 (53) was captured. Edward St John 1617-1644 (27) was killed.

Pangbourne

On 06 Jul 1932 Kenneth Grahame Writer 1859-1932 (73) died at Pangbourne.

Reading

Prehistoric Avebury describes a number of Prehistoric monuments including the largest Neolithic enclosure in Britain, Windmill Hill Enclosure, the largest stone circle in Britain, Avebury Henge and Stone Circles, the two largest prehistoric mounds in Europe Silbury Hill and Marlborough Mound, the longest long barrows, West and East and the West Kennet Avenue. Avebury was an important area in Prehistory; it isn't clear why. Perhaps something to do with the proximity of the Ridgeway Path, or being at the headwaters of the River Kennet which joins the River Thames at Reading after flowing through Marlborough and Newbury. Stonehenge, built around the same time as the Avebury Henge and Stone Circles, is only seventeen miles away, more or less, south, almost exactly. Possibly because Avebury is at the centre of a chalk upland region that is very clearly defined by the scarp slopes.

Battle of Englefield

On 31 Dec 870 Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield Reading. The Viking Army retreated to Reading. Sidrac Viking was killed.

Battle of Reading

On 04 Jan 871 Æthelred King Wessex 847-871 (24) and Alfred the Great's (22) army attacked, but were repulsed by, the Viking army at Battle of Reading at Reading. Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (46) was killed.

On 07 Oct 1573 William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury 1573-1645 was born to William Laud and Lucy Webbe at Reading.

In 1591 Thomas Turner Dean Canterbury 1591-1672 was born in Reading.

In 1656 Constantine Henry Phipps 1656-1723 was born to Francis Phipps at Reading.

Caversham Reading

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 July. 22 Jul 1654. We departed and dined at a farm of my Uncle Hungerford's, called Darnford Magna, situated in a valley under the plain, most sweetly watered, abounding in trouts caught by spear in the night, when they come attracted by a light set in the stern of a boat.
After dinner, continuing our return, we passed over the goodly plain, or rather sea of carpet, which I think for evenness, extent, verdure, and innumerable flocks, to be one of the most delightful prospects in nature, and reminded me of the pleasant lives of shepherds we read of in romances.
Now we arrived at Stonehenge, indeed a stupendous. Monument, appearing at a distance like a castle; how so many and huge Pillars of stone should have been brought together, some erect, others transverse on the tops of them, in a circular area as rudely representing a cloister or heathen and more natural temple, is wonderful. The stone is so exceedingly hard, that all my strength with a hammer could not break a fragment; which hardness I impute to their so long exposure. To number them exactly is very difficult, they lie in such variety of postures and confusion, though they seemed not to exceed 100; we counted only 95. As to their being brought thither, there being no navigable river near, is by some admired; but for the stone, there seems to be the same kind about 20 miles distant, some of which appear above ground. About the same hills, are divers mounts raised, conceived to be ancient intrenchments, or places of burial, after bloody fights. We now went by Devizes, a reasonable large town, and came late to Cadenham.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 July. 31 Jul 1654. Taking leave of Cadenham, where we had been long and nobly entertained, we went a compass into Leicestershire, where dwelt another relation of my wife's (19); for I indeed made these excursions to show her the most considerable parts of her native country, who, from her childhood, had lived altogether in France, as well as for my own curiosity and information.
About two miles before coming to Gloucester, we have a prospect from woody hills into a most goodly vale and country. Gloucester is a handsome city, considerable for the church and. Monuments. The minster is indeed a noble fabric. The whispering gallery is rare, being through a passage of twenty-five yards in a many-angled cloister, and was, I suppose, either to show the skill of the architect, or some invention of a cunning priest, who, standing unseen in a Recess in the middle of the chapel, might hear whatever was spoken at either end. This is above the choir, in which lies buried King Stephen under a. Monument of Irish oak, not ill carved considering the age. The new library is a noble though a private design. I was likewise pleased with the Severn gliding so sweetly by it. The Duke's house, the castle works, are now almost quite dismantled; nor yet without sad thoughts did I see the town, considering how fatal the siege had been a few years before to our good King.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (19) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (18) were married at Caversham Reading. Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (18) by marriage Countess Albermarle 1C 1697.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (44). Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (42).

Around 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (44). Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (41).

Around 1778 George Romney Painter 1734-1802 (43). Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (74).

Englefield Reading

Battle of Englefield

On 31 Dec 870 Æthelwulf Mercia Earldorman Berkshire 824-871 (45) defeated the Viking army at the Battle of Englefield at Englefield Reading. The Viking Army retreated to Reading. Sidrac Viking was killed.

Around 1455 Thomas Englefield Speaker of the House of Commons 1453-1514 probably in Englefield Reading.

Reading Abbey

On 23 Apr 1151 Adeliza of Louvain Queen Consort England (48) died. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

In Apr 1156 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (2) died at Wallingford Castle. He was buried at Reading Abbey at the feet of his great-grandfather King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 01 Jul 1175 Reginald de Dunstanville Fitzroy 1st Earl Cornwall 1110-1175 (65) died at Chertsey. He was buried at Reading Abbey.

On 22 Sep 1232 John Cornwall 1232-1232 died at Marlow. He was buried at Reading Abbey.

After 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall 1235-1271 was buried at Reading Abbey.

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Reading Abbey. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) by marriage Countess Richmond 5C 1342. John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) by marriage Earl Lancaster, Earl Derby 2C 1337.

On 24 Aug 1369 Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) were married (he was her fourth cousin) at Reading Abbey. Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster 1355-1382 (14) by marriage Countess March 1C 1328. Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March 5th Earl Ulster 1352-1381 (17) by marriage 5th Earl Ulster.

On 29 Nov 1416 Constance York Countess Gloucester 1374-1416 (42) died at Reading Abbey.

On 11 Jun 1446 Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (21) died. His daughter Anne Beauchamp 15th Countess Warwick 1443-1448 (3) succeeded 15th Earl Warwick 1C 1088, 7th Baron Burghesh 2C 1330. She was buried at Reading Abbey.

Woodcote Reading

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 January. 01 Jan 1655. Having with my family performed the public offices of the day, and begged a blessing on the year I was now entering, I went to keep the rest of Christmas at my brother's, R. Evelyn (32), at Woodcot.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 December. 30 Dec 1665. To Woodcot, where I supped at my Baroness Mordaunt's (33) at Ashsted [Note. Possibly in Fulham where Baroness Mordaunt was subsequently buried?] where was a room hung with pintado, full of figures great and small, prettily representing sundry trades and occupations of the Indians, with their habits; here supped also Dr. Duke, a learned and facetious gentleman.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 February. 17 Feb 1688. I received the sad news of my niece Montague's death at Woodcot on the 15th.

Sandhurst

Shrivenham

On 09 Feb 1867 William Keppel Barrington 6th Viscount Barrington 1793-1867 (73) died at Shrivenham. He was buried at St Andrew's Church Shrivenham. His son George Barrington 7th Viscount Barrington 1824-1886 (42) succeeded 7th Viscount Barrington of Ardglass in County Down, 6th Viscount Barrington of Ardglass in County Down.

Slough

Upton cum Chalvey Slough

St Laurence's Church Upton cum Chalvey Slough

In 1598 Edward Bulstrode of Hedgerley Bulstrode Buckinghamshire -1598 died. He was buried in St Laurence's Church Upton cum Chalvey Slough.

Sparsholt

Sunninghill

On 18 May 1795 Thomas Pelham Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1752-1795 (42) died at Sunninghill. His son Henry Pelham Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1785-1851 (10) succeeded 4th Duke Newcastle under Lyne, 11th Earl Lincoln 8C 1572.

Swallowfield

On 03 May 1257 Katherine Plantagenet 1253-1257 (3) died at Swallowfield. She buried in the Ambulatory Chancel Westminster Abbey.

In 1274 John Despencer 1235-1274 (39) died at Swallowfield.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 October. 22 Oct 1685. I accompanied my Lady Clarendon to her house at Swallowfield in Berks, dining by the way at Mr. Graham's (36) lodge at Bagshot; the house, new repair'd and capacious enough for a good family, stands in a Park. Hence we went to Swallowfield; this house is after the antient build ing of honourable gentlemen's houses, when they kept up antient hospitality, but the gardens and waters as elegant as 'tis possible to make a flat, by art and industrie, and no meane expence, my lady being so extraordinarily skill'd in ye flowery part, and my lord in diligence of planting; so that I have hardly seene a seate whrch shews more tokens of it than what is to be found here, not only in the delicious and rarest fruits of a garden, but in those innumerable timber trees in the ground about the seate, to the greatest ornament and benefit of the place. There is one orchard of 1000 golden, and other cider pippins; walks and groves of elms, limes, oaks, and other trees. The garden is so beset with all manner of sweete shrubbs, that it per fumes the aire. The distribution also of the quarters, walks, and parterres, is excellent. The nurseries, kitchin garden full of ye most desireable plants; two very noble Orangeries well furnished; but above all, the canall and fishponds, the one fed with a white, the other with a black running water, fed by a quick and swift river, so well and plen tifully stor'd with fish, that for pike, carp, breame and tench, I never saw any thing approching it. We had at every meale carp and pike of size fit for the table of a Prince, and what added to ye delight was to see the hundreds taken by the drag, out of which, the cooke standing by, we pointed out what we had most mind to, and had carp that would have ben worth at London twenty shillings a piece. The waters are flagg'd about with Calamus aromaticus, with wch my lady has hung a closet, that retains the smell very perfectly. There is also a certaine sweete willow and other exotics : also a very fine bowllng-greene, meadow, pasture, and wood; in a word, all that can render a country seate delightful. There is besides a well furnish'd library in ye house.

Swallowfield House

In 1649 John Backhouse 1584-1649 died without issue. His younger brother William Backhouse Philosopher 1593-1662 (55) inherited his estates including Swallowfield House.

In 1637. Unknown Painter. Initialled VM. Portrait of John Backhouse 1584-1649.

On 19 Oct 1670 Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon -1709 and Flower Backhouse Countess Clarendon -1700 were married. She being the sole heir of her father William Backhouse Philosopher 1593-1662 brought Swallowfield House to the marriage which he rebuilt.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 August. 15 Aug 1687. I went to visit Lord Clarendon at Swallowfield, where was my Lord Cornbury (25) just arrived from Denmark, whither he had accompanied the Prince of Denmark (34) two months before, and now come back. The miserable tyranny under which that nation lives, he related to us; the King keeps them under an army of 40,000 men, all Germans, he not daring to trust his own subjects. Notwithstanding this, the Danes are exceedingly proud, the country very poor and miserable.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Tilehurst

On 18 Aug 1627 William Lloyd Bishop 1617-1717 was born in Tilehurst.

Waltham St Lawrence

Billingbear House Waltham St Lawrence

On 30 May 1615 Richard Neville 1615-1676 was born to Henry Neville 1588-1629 (27) and Elizabeth Smythe 1586-1669 (29) at Billingbear House Waltham St Lawrence.

In 1667 King Chales II (36), his brother James (33), Prince Rupert (47) and James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (17) dined with Richard Neville 1615-1676 (51) at Billingbear House Waltham St Lawrence.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691 (24). Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (20).

Wantage

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1. In the year of our Lord's incarnation 849 was born Alfred, king of the Anglo-Saxons, at the royal village of Wanating, in Berkshire, which country has its name from the wood of Berroc, where the box-tree grows most abundantly. His genealogy is traced in the following order. King Alfred was the son of king Ethelwulf, who was the son of Egbert, who was the son of Elmund, was the son of Eafa, who was the son of Eoppa, who the son of Ingild. Ingild, and Ina, the famous king of the West-Saxons, were two brothers. Ina went to Rome, and there ending this life honourably, entered the heavenly kingdom, to reign there for ever with Christ. Ingild and Ina were the sons of Coenred, who was the son of Ceolwald, who was the son of Cudam, who was the son of Cuthwin, who was the son of Ceawlin, who was the son of Cynric, who was the son of Creoda, who was the son of Cerdic, who was the son of Elesa, who was the son of Gewis, from whom the Britons name all that nation Gegwis, (2) who was the son of Brond, who was the son of Beldeg, who was the son of Woden, who was the son of Frithowald, who was the son of Frealaf, who was the son of Frithuwulf, who was the son of Finn of Godwulf, who was the son of Gear, which Geat the pagans long worshipped as a god. Sedulius makes mention of him in his metrical Paschal poem, as follows:.
When gentile poets with their fictions vain, In tragic language and bombastic strain, To their god Geat, comic deity, Loud praises sing, &c.
Geat was the son of Taetwa, who was the son of Beaw, who was the son of Sceldi, who was the son of Heremod, who was the son of Itermon, who was the son of Hathra, who was the son of Guala, who was the son of Bedwig, who was the son of Shem, who was the son of Noah, who was the son of Lamech, who was the son of Methusalem, who was the son of Enoch, who was the son of Malaleci, who was the son of Cainian, who was the son of Enos, who was the son of Seth, who was the son of Adam.
The mother of Alfred was named Osburga, a religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature; she was daughter of Oslac, the famous butler of king Ethtelwulf, which Oslac was a Goth by nation, descended from the Goths and Jutes, of the seed, namely, of Stuf and Whitgar, two brothers and counts; who, having received possession of the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic, and his son Cynric their cousin, slew the few British inhabitants whom they could find in that island, at a place called Gwihtgaraburgh; for the other inhabitants of the island had either been slain, or escaped into exile.
Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1.

In 849 Alfred "The Great" King England 849-899 was born to Æthelwulf King Wessex -858 and Osburgh Queen Consort Wessex at Wantage.

On 10 May 1692 Joseph Butler Bishop 1692-1792 was born in Wantage.

Church of St Mary Wantage

On 28 Oct 1361 William Fitzwarin 1310-1361 (51) died. He was buried at Church of St Mary Wantage.

Windsor

Eton College

Windsor Castle

St George's Chapel Windsor Castle

Wokingham

Around 1265 Emma Harcourt 1219-1265 (46) died at Wokingham.

Bill Hill Wokingham

On 15 Aug 1792 John Leveson Gower 1740-1792 (52) died apparently having had a stroke whilst shaving at his house in Bill Hill Wokingham.

Woodaye

Around 1442 Roger Cheney 1442-1499 was born to John Cheney 1415-1467 (27) at Woodaye.

Wytham

On 01 Oct 1486 Richard Harcourt 1416-1486 (70) died at Wytham.

Yattendon

Yattendon Castle Yattendon

Around 1441 William Norreys 1441-1507 was born to John Norreys 1400-1466 (41) and Alice Merbrook at Yattendon Castle Yattendon.

In 1547 John Norreys 1547-1597 was born to Henry Norreys 1st Baron Norreys Rycote 1525-1601 (22) and Margery Williams Baroness Norreys Rycote 1521-1599 (26) at Yattendon Castle Yattendon.