Twenty Trees

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History of Northamptonshire

Northamptonshire is in Midlands

In 1230 Eudes Zouche 1230-1296 was born to William Zouche 1215-1271 (20) and Maud Trailly at Northamptonshire.

On 06 Apr 1492 Maud Green Baroness Vaux Harrowden 1492-1531 was born to Thomas Green 1461-1506 (31) and Joan Fogge at Northamptonshire.

William Tresham -1450 was born to Thomas Tresham at Northamptonshire.

Apethorpe

In Aug 1614 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (21) caught the eye of James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (48) at hunt at Apethorpe. Opponents of the king's favourite Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset (27), saw an opportunity to displace Somerset and began promoting Villiers. Money was raised to purchase Villiers a new wardrobe.

Church of St Leonard Church Apethorpe

Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Lord Cardigan hated the idea of being put underground, so his coffin was placed immediately under his effigy inside the tomb and not in a vault. He had always intended to have a monument erected during his lifetime in the Rectory grounds, and actually had some stone brought from his Stanion quarries for this purpose. One day Lord Westmorland called, and noticing the quantity of stone, asked what it was to be used for. Cardigan told him. "Nonsense," said Lord Westmorland, "give the stone to me instead. I want to make an entrance-hall at Apethorpe, and it will be the very thing!" My husband very good-naturedly gave him the Stanion stone, and the low entrance-hall at Apethorpe was built of it.
The late Queen Victoria greatly admired the design for the monument, and I was told on good authority that she even had her own figure modelled in her lifetime for her memorial tomb but that when search was made after her death the figure had disappeared and nobody knew what had become of it.

1845 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878 (41). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (25).

1833. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (13).

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (19).

Around 1840. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (34). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20). Note the Garter worn on the Arm as worn by Ladies of the Garter.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

In 1840. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (39). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (20).

1880. Henry Tanworth Wells Painter 1828-1903 (51). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (60) being informed she was Queen by Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham 1797-1876 and William Howley Archbishop of Canterbury 1766-1848.Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

In 1552 Walter Mildmay 1521-1589 (31) was granted Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

In 1567 Anthony Mildmay -1617 and Grace Sharington 1552-1620 (15) were married. They lived at Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

Around 1585. Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (38). Miniature Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617. Hilliard represents Mildmay standing in a luxurious tent filled with beautiful furniture preparing for a tournament surrounded by objects that allow the artist to feature a variety of rich textures including red velvet, blue ostrich feathers, and gleaming metal.

Before 11 Sep 1617 . Unknown Painter. Portrait of Anthony Mildmay -1617 at Emmanuel College Cambridge University which father Anthony Mildmay -1617 founded.

In 1633 Grace Fane Countess Home -1633 died at Apethorpe Hall Apethorpe.

Death of Princess Charlotte

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. After my dear mother's death I visited a great deal with my father (53), and one year we went for the shooting to Lord Huntingfield's place, Heveningham Hall. I slept in the bedroom once occupied by the famous Chevalier d'Éon, who had been a frequent guest at Heveningham, and about whom there were many stories told. It was said that the Chevalier was the one and only lover of cross-grained Queen Charlotte, and that her son, George IV, was the result of their intimacy, although his paternity was of course admitted by King George III. The animosity always displayed by the old Queen to her grand-daughter, Princess Charlotte, was supposed to arise from the fact that as heiress to the throne she innocently dispossessed the other Royal Dukes from the succession. It is certainly a fact that the Princess's untimely death in childbirth was attributed to foul play at the time, and when later the accoucheur Sir Richard Croft, committed suicide, all classes of society were loud in condemnation of the Queen and the Prince Regent. I do not vouch for the accuracy of Queen Charlotte's love affair. I only give the Heveningham gossip as I heard it.
As D'Eon was undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and mysterious personages ot the eighteenth century I was naturally interested in these somewhat scandalous stories.
The Chevalier died when he was eighty-three years of age, after a most extraordinary career. He was at one time aide-de-camp to the Comte de Broglie, and fought in the French army ; but later on for some mysterious reason he discarded man's attire and passed as a woman for thirty-four years. Often when I went into my room I half expected to see a ghostly figure seated at the escritoire where the Chevalier wrote his secret cipher communications, and I wondered whether the brocade crowns and frills and furbelows that he wore as a woman had ever hung in the old wardrobe which I used.
My father and I also stayed with the Westmorlands at Apethorpe Hall ; we visited the Earl (38) and Countess of Chichester (36) at Stanmer Park, and we were welcome guests at Cadlands, Silverlands, Chiswick House, West Park, and my uncle Lord Stradbroke's place, Henham Hall, which was afterwards burnt down.
I had visited Deene Park with my mother in 1842, but I must deal with my future home in the chapter devoted to Deene and its associations.

Around 1766 Johan Joseph Zoffany Painter 1733-1810 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (21).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (23).

1777. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (38). Portrait of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (32).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

Ashby St Ledgers

In 1470 William Catesby 1408-1470 (62) died at Ashby St Ledgers.

In 1473 George Catesby 1473-1507 was born to William Catesby 1450-1485 and Margaret Zouche 1459- at Ashby St Ledgers.

Around 1500 Richard Catesby 1500-1553 was born to George Catesby 1473-1507 (27) and Elizabeth Empson at Ashby St Ledgers.

On 20 May 1507 George Catesby 1473-1507 (34) died at Ashby St Ledgers.

On 09 Jun 1566 William Catesby 1547-1598 (19) and Anne Throckmorton -1605 were married at Ashby St Ledgers.

Saint Leodegarius Church Ashby St Ledgers

Aston le Walls

In 1541 John Dudley 1461-1541 (80) died at Aston le Walls.

Astwel

On 29 Oct 1571 Dorothy Giffard 1490-1571 (80) died at Astwel.

Aynho

On or before 29 Mar 1634 William Cartwright of Aynho Northamptonshire 1634-1676 was born to John Cartwright of Bloxham in Oxfordshire. He was baptised on 29 Mar 1634 at Aynho.

On 11 Oct 1686 Rhoda Chapman 1616-1686 (70) died at Aynho.

Barnwell

Richard Dudley 1378- was born at Barnwell.

Boughton

On 06 Aug 1369 Henry Green -1369 died at Boughton. He was buried at Church of St John the Baptist Boughton. Henry Green 1347-1399 inherited at Drayton House Drayton Lowick.

On 29 Aug 1391 Thomas Green 1345-1391 (46) died at Boughton.

Around 1563 Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester 1563-1642 was born to Edward Montagu 1530-1602 (33) and Elizabeth Harrington 1545-1618 (18) at Boughton.

On 29 May 1638 John Manners 1st Duke Rutland 1638-1711 was born to John Manners 8th Earl Rutland 1604-1679 (33) and Frances Montagu Countess Rutland 1614-1671 (24) at Boughton.

Boughton Castle Boughton

Around 1614 Frances Montagu Countess Rutland 1614-1671 was born to Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (51) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (36) at Boughton Castle Boughton.

In 1616 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (65). Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (38).

In 1618 Christopher Montagu 1618-1641 was born to Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (55) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (40) at Boughton Castle Boughton.

In 1616 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (65). Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (38).

Brigstock Boughton

Around 1530 Edward Montagu 1530-1602 was born to Edward Montagu 1485-1557 (45) and Helen Roper 1500-1563 (30) at Brigstock Boughton.

On 26 Jan 1602 Edward Montagu 1530-1602 (72) died at Brigstock Boughton.

On 10 Nov 1873 Robert Vernon 1st Baron Lyveden 1800-1873 (73) died. He was bured in Brigstock Boughton.

Church of St John the Baptist Boughton

On 06 Aug 1369 Henry Green -1369 died at Boughton. He was buried at Church of St John the Baptist Boughton. Henry Green 1347-1399 inherited at Drayton House Drayton Lowick.

Brackley

In 1628 John Curzon 1st Baronet Curzon 1598-1686 (29) was elected MP Brackley.

On 05 Jun 1654 Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682 was born to Robert Shirley 4th Baronet Staunton Harold 1623-1656 (31) and Catherine Okeover -1672 at Brackley.

Third Protectorate Parliament

In 1659 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (35) was elected MP Brackley during the Third Protectorate Parliament.

Convention Parliament 1C2

In 1660 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (36) was elected MP Brackley during the Convention Parliament 1C2.

Cavalier Parliament 2C2

In 1661 Thomas Crew 2nd Baron Crew 1624-1697 (37) was elected MP Brackley during the Cavalier Parliament 2C2.

In 1679 Richard Wenman 4th Viscount Wenman 1657-1690 (22) was elected MP Brackley which seat he held for eleven years.

In 1682 Dorothy Shirley 1654-1682 (27) died at Brackley.

In 1695 Charles Egerton 1654-1717 (40) was elected MP Brackley.

1768 General Election

In 1768 William Egerton 1730-1783 (38) was elected MP Brackley during the 1768 General Election.

1774 General Election

In 1774 William Egerton 1730-1783 (44) was elected MP Brackley during the 1774 General Election.

Brington

On 22 Jun 1532 William Spencer 1496-1532 (36) died at Brington. He was buried at Brington.

On or before 04 Jan 1591 William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1591-1636 was born to Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1570-1627 (21) and Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 (24) at Althorp House Daventry. He was baptised on 04 Jan 1591 at Brington.

On 17 Aug 1597 Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 (30) died at Brington.

John Evelyn's Diary 1656 October. 02 Oct 1656. Came to visit me my cousin, Stephens, and Mr. Pierce (since head of Magdalen College, Oxford), a learned minister of Brington, in Northamptonshire, and Captain Cooke (40), both excellent musicians.

Cadnam

In 1510 Robert Hungerford 1510-1556 was born to Robert Hungerford 1485-1517 (25) and Eleanor Yorke 1489-1517 at Cadnam.

Around 1558 John Hungerford 1558-1636 was born to Walter Hungerford -1565 at Cadnam.

Around 1620 John Hungerford 1620-1636 was born to Thomas Hungerford 1602-1675 (17) at Cadnam.

Edward Hungerford -1667 was born to John Hungerford 1620-1636 at Cadnam.

Castle Ashby

In 1280 Robert Peverell 1280-1318 was born to Richard Peverell 1250-1341 (30) at Castle Ashby.

On 29 Sep 1306 Edmund Peverell 1306-1331 was born to Robert Peverell 1280-1318 (26) at Castle Ashby.

Around 1339 John Pole 1339-1379 was born to William Pole 1302-1366 (37) and Katherine Norwich 1306-1381 (33) at Castle Ashby.

In 1512 William Compton Courtier 1482-1528 (30) aquired Castle Ashby.

On 23 Apr 1851 William George Spencer Scott Compton 5th Marquess Northampton 1851-1913 was born to William Compton 4th Marquess Northampton 1818-1897 (33) and Eliza Harriet Marchioness Northampton 1820-1877 (31) at Castle Ashby.

On 01 Jun 1902 Mary Florence Baring Marchioness Northampton 1860-1902 (41) died in Castle Ashby.

Castle Ashby House

General photos of the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit. The floor tiles Minton installed by donated by Alwyne Compton Bishop of Ely 1825-1906 son of Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton 1790-1851 who lived at near by Castle Ashby House.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 August. 18 Aug 1688. Dr. Jeffryes, the minister of Althorpe, who was my Lord's chaplain when ambassador in France, preached the shortest discourse I ever heard; but what was defective in the amplitude of his sermon, he had supplied in the largeness and convenience of the parsonage house, which the doctor (who had at least £600 a year in spiritual advancement) had newly built, and made fit for a person of quality to live in, with gardens and all accommodation according therewith.
My lady (42) carried us to see Lord Northampton's (23) Seat, a very strong, large house, built with stone, not altogether modern. They were enlarging the garden, in which was nothing extraordinary, except the iron gate opening into the park, which indeed was very good work, wrought in flowers painted with blue and gilded. There is a noble walk of elms toward the front of the house by the bowling green. I was not in any room of the house besides a lobby looking into the garden, where my Lord (23) and his new Countess (19) (Sir Stephen Fox's (61) daughter, whom I had known from a child) entertained the Countess (42) and her daughter the Countess of Arran (21) (newly married to the son (30) of the Duke of Hamilton (53)), with so little good grace, and so dully, that our visit was very short, and so we returned to Althorpe, twelve miles distant.
The house, or rather palace, at Althorpe, is a noble uniform pile in form of a half H, built of brick and freestone, balustered and à la moderne; the hall is well, the staircase excellent; the rooms of state, galleries, offices and furniture, such as may become a great prince. It is situated in the midst of a garden, exquisitely planted and kept, and all this in a park walled in with hewn stone, planted with rows and walks of trees, canals and fish ponds, and stored with game. And, what is above all this, governed by a lady (42), who without any show of solicitude, keeps everything in such admirable order, both within and without, from the garret to the cellar, that I do not believe there is any in this nation, or in any other, that exceeds her (42) in such exact order, without ostentation, but substantially great and noble. The meanest servant is lodged so neat and cleanly; the service at the several tables, the good order and decency—in a word, the entire economy is perfectly becoming a wise and noble person. She is one who for her distinguished esteem of me from a long and worthy friendship, I must ever honor and celebrate. I wish from my soul the Lord (46), her husband (whose parts and abilities are otherwise conspicuous), was as worthy of her, as by a fatal apostasy and court-ambition he (46) has made himself unworthy! This is what she deplores, and it renders her as much affliction as a lady of great soul and much prudence is capable of. The Countess of Bristol (68), her mother, a grave and honorable lady, has the comfort of seeing her daughter and grandchildren under the same economy, especially Mr. Charles Spencer (13), a youth of extraordinary hopes, very learned for his age, and ingenious, and under a Governor of great worth. Happy were it, could as much be said of the elder brother, the Lord Spencer, who, rambling about the world, dishonors both his name and his family, adding sorrow to sorrow to a mother, who has taken all imaginable care of his education. There is a daughter (17) very young married to the Earl of Clancarty (20), who has a great and fair estate in Ireland, but who yet gives no great presage of worth,—so universally contaminated is the youth of this corrupt and abandoned age! But this is again recompensed by my Lord Arran (30), a sober and worthy gentleman, who has espoused the Lady Ann Spencer (21), a young lady of admirable accomplishments and virtue.

Church of St Mary Magdalen Castle Ashby

Castor

Chacombe Priory

On 04 Oct 1325 John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (69) died at Chacombe Priory. His son Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave 1285-1325 (40) succeeded 3rd Baron Segrave 2C 1295.

Chaucombe

On 12 Nov 1295 Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave 1238-1295 (57) died at Chaucombe. His son John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (39) succeeded 2nd Baron Segrave 2C 1295. Christiana Plessey Baroness Segrave by marriage Baroness Segrave 2C 1295.

Collyweston

Around 1475 John Stokesley Bishop of London 1475-1539 was born at Collyweston.

In 1499 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (55) took a vow of chastity in the presence of Richard FitzJames, Bishop of London with, apparently, the permission of her husband; it was always a marriage of convenience. Thereafter the Countess (55) lived at Collyweston.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

After 27 Jun 1503 Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 stayed at Collyweston.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. French. Portrait of an Unknown Woman formerly known as Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland 1489-1541 (35).

Corby

Around 1251 Alicia Ledet Baroness Latimer Corby 1251-1316 was born to Walter Ledet 1230-1256 (21) and Ermentrude Lisle 1228- at Corby.

Around 1256 Walter Ledet 1230-1256 (26) died at Corby.

On 05 Dec 1304 William Latimer 1st Baron Latimer Corby 1243-1304 (61) died at Corby. His son William Latimer 2nd Baron Latimer Corby 1276-1327 (28) succeeded 2nd Baron Latimer Corby.

Pipewell Corby

Richard I Appoints his Bishops

On 15 Sep 1189 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (32) held a Council meeting at Pipewell Corby at which he appointed a number of Bishops:.
William Longchamp Bishop of Ely -1197 was elected Bishop of Ely.
Godfrey Lucy Bishop of Winchester -1204 was elected Bishop of Winchester.
Richard Fitzneal Bishop of London 1130-1198 (59) was elected Bishop of London.
Hubert Walter Archbishop of Canterbury 1160-1205 (29) was elected Bishop of Salisbury.

Rockingham Corby

On 01 Mar 1617 Edward Watson of Rockingham Castle 1549-1617 (68) died at Rockingham Corby.

Rockingham Castle Rockingham Corby

27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184 1241 to her subjects in Brittany. 27 May 1208. Letter VII. Eleanor Plantagenet 1184-1241 (24) to her subjects in Brittany.
Eleanora, duchess of Bretagne and countess of Richmond, to her dear and faithful lords the bishops of Nantes, Vannes, and Cornwall, and to Eudo de Poule, and Geoffry Espine, and Oliver de Rugy, and Pagan de Mal-Estrail, and all other her barons and faithful subjects of Bretagne, greeting.
We give you manifold thanks concerning the things of which you have informed us, and earnestly entreat you that you, the above-named, come to England to my lord and uncle the king of England (41); and know you, certainly, that your advent will, God willing, tend to your and our great honour and convenience, and, by God's grace, to our liberation.
We have spoken with our said uncle (41) about affording you a safe-conduct, and he is glad of your coming, and sends you his letters patent of safe-conduct; and you may all come safely by means of those letters — or as many of you as can, if all cannot come.
Witness myself, at Sarum, the 27th day of May.
To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, earl of Anjou, Isabella (20), by the same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou and Angoulême, sends health and her maternal benediction.
We hereby signify to you that when the Earls of March (45) and Eu (48) departed this life, the lord Hugh de Lusignan (25) remained alone and without heirs in Poitou, and his friends would not permit that our daughter should be united to him in marriage, because her age is so tender, but counselled him to take a wife from whom he might speedily hope for an heir; and it was proposed that he should take a wife in France, which if he had done, all your land in Poitou and Gascony would be lost. We, therefore, seeing the great peril that might accrue if that marriage should take place, when our counsellors could give us no advice, ourselves married the said Hugh earl of March (25); and God knows that we did this rather for your benefit than our own. Wherefore we entreat you, as our dear son, that this thing may be pleasing to you, seeing it conduces greatly to the profit of you and yours; and we earnestly pray you that you will restore to him his lawful right, that is Niort, the castles of Exeter and Rockingham, and 3500 marks, which your father, our former husband (41), bequeathed to us; and so, if it please you, deal with him, who is so powerful, that he may not remain against you, since he can serve you well — for he is wdl-disposed to serve you faithfully with all his power; and we are certain and undertake that he shall serve you well if you will restore to him his rights, and, therefore, we advise that you take opportune counsel on these matters; and, when it shall please you, you may send for our daughter, your sister, by a trusty messenger and your letters patent, and we will send her to you.

Culworth

In 1449 Margery Danvers 1449-1510 was born to Richard Danvers 1428-1489 (21) at Culworth at Culworth.

Around 1452 John Danvers 1452-1514 was born to Richard Danvers 1428-1489 (24) at Culworth.

St Mary the Virgin Church Culworth

In 1790 Meriel Danvers erected a Monument to the D'Anvers Baronets including Samuel Danvers 1st Baronet D'Anvers 1611-1682 in St Mary the Virgin Church Culworth.

Daventry

Around 1090 Saer Quincy 1090-1158 was born at Daventry.

Althorp House Daventry

On 04 May 1549 Alice Spencer Countess Derby 1549-1637 was born to John Spencer 1524-1586 (25) and Katherine Kitson 1524-1586 (25) at Althorp House Daventry.

On 29 Jun 1552 Elizabeth Spencer Baroness Hunsdon Baroness Eure 1552-1618 was born to John Spencer 1524-1586 (28) and Katherine Kitson 1524-1586 (28) at Althorp House Daventry.

Around 1570 Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1570-1627 was born to John Spencer 1549-1600 (21) and Mary Catlyn at Althorp House Daventry.

Before 24 Aug 1588 Mary Spencer 1588-1658 was born to Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1570-1627 and Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 at Althorp House Daventry.

On or before 04 Jan 1591 William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1591-1636 was born to Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1570-1627 (21) and Margaret Willoughby 1566-1597 (24) at Althorp House Daventry. He was baptised on 04 Jan 1591 at Brington.

The Entertainment at Althorp

On 25 Jun 1603 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 Masque The Entertainment at Althorp was performed at Althorp House Daventry to welcome the new Royal Family on their journey from Edinburgh to London following the death of Queen Elizabeth. The performance was attended by Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland England and Ireland 1574-1619 (28) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (9).

Before 1619 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619. Portrait of Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Before 23 Nov 1620 Henry Spencer 1st Earl of Sunderland 1620-1643 was born to William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1591-1636 and Penelope Wriothesley Baroness Spencer Wormleighton 1598-1667 at Althorp House Daventry.

Before 02 Feb 1629 Robert Spencer 1st Viscount Teviot 1629-1694 was born to William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer Wormleighton 1591-1636 and Penelope Wriothesley Baroness Spencer Wormleighton 1598-1667 at Althorp House Daventry.

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 July. 14 Jul 1675. I went to see my Lord Sunderland's (33) Seat at Althorpe, four miles from the ragged town of Northampton (since burned, and well rebuilt). It is placed in a pretty open bottom, very finely watered and flanked with stately woods and groves in a park, with a canal, but the water is not running, which is a defect. The house, a kind of modern building, of freestone, within most nobly furnished; the apartments very commodious, a gallery and noble hall; but the kitchen being in the body of the house, and chapel too small, were defects. There is an old yet honorable gatehouse standing awry, and out-housing mean, but designed to be taken away. It was moated round, after the old manner, but it is now dry, and turfed with a beautiful carpet. Above all, are admirable and magnificent the several ample gardens furnished with the choicest fruit, and exquisitely kept. Great plenty of oranges, and other curiosities. The park full of fowl, especially herons, and from it a prospect to Holmby House, which being demolished in the late civil wars, shows like a Roman ruin shaded by the trees about it, a stately, solemn, and pleasing view.

John Evelyn's Diary 1678 January. 23 Jan 1678. Dined with the Duke of Norfolk (49), being the first time I had seen him since the death of his elder brother, who died at Padua in Italy, where he had resided above thirty years. The Duke (49) had now newly declared his marriage to his concubine (35), whom he promised me he never would marry. I went with him to see the Duke of Buckingham (49), thence to my Lord Sunderland (36), now Secretary of State, to show him that rare piece of Vosterman's (son of old Vosterman), which was a view, or landscape of my Lord's palace, etc., at Althorpe in Northamptonshire.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 August. 15 Aug 1688. I went to Althorpe, in Northamptonshire, seventy miles. A coach and four horses took up me and my son at Whitehall, and carried us to Dunstable, where we arrived and dined at noon, and from thence another coach and six horses carried us to Althorpe, four miles beyond Northampton, where we arrived by seven o'clock that evening. Both these coaches were hired for me by that noble Countess of Sunderland (42), who invited me to her house at Althorpe, where she entertained me and my son with very extraordinary kindness; I stayed till the Thursday.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 August. 18 Aug 1688. Dr. Jeffryes, the minister of Althorpe, who was my Lord's chaplain when ambassador in France, preached the shortest discourse I ever heard; but what was defective in the amplitude of his sermon, he had supplied in the largeness and convenience of the parsonage house, which the doctor (who had at least £600 a year in spiritual advancement) had newly built, and made fit for a person of quality to live in, with gardens and all accommodation according therewith.
My lady (42) carried us to see Lord Northampton's (23) Seat, a very strong, large house, built with stone, not altogether modern. They were enlarging the garden, in which was nothing extraordinary, except the iron gate opening into the park, which indeed was very good work, wrought in flowers painted with blue and gilded. There is a noble walk of elms toward the front of the house by the bowling green. I was not in any room of the house besides a lobby looking into the garden, where my Lord (23) and his new Countess (19) (Sir Stephen Fox's (61) daughter, whom I had known from a child) entertained the Countess (42) and her daughter the Countess of Arran (21) (newly married to the son (30) of the Duke of Hamilton (53)), with so little good grace, and so dully, that our visit was very short, and so we returned to Althorpe, twelve miles distant.
The house, or rather palace, at Althorpe, is a noble uniform pile in form of a half H, built of brick and freestone, balustered and à la moderne; the hall is well, the staircase excellent; the rooms of state, galleries, offices and furniture, such as may become a great prince. It is situated in the midst of a garden, exquisitely planted and kept, and all this in a park walled in with hewn stone, planted with rows and walks of trees, canals and fish ponds, and stored with game. And, what is above all this, governed by a lady (42), who without any show of solicitude, keeps everything in such admirable order, both within and without, from the garret to the cellar, that I do not believe there is any in this nation, or in any other, that exceeds her (42) in such exact order, without ostentation, but substantially great and noble. The meanest servant is lodged so neat and cleanly; the service at the several tables, the good order and decency—in a word, the entire economy is perfectly becoming a wise and noble person. She is one who for her distinguished esteem of me from a long and worthy friendship, I must ever honor and celebrate. I wish from my soul the Lord (46), her husband (whose parts and abilities are otherwise conspicuous), was as worthy of her, as by a fatal apostasy and court-ambition he (46) has made himself unworthy! This is what she deplores, and it renders her as much affliction as a lady of great soul and much prudence is capable of. The Countess of Bristol (68), her mother, a grave and honorable lady, has the comfort of seeing her daughter and grandchildren under the same economy, especially Mr. Charles Spencer (13), a youth of extraordinary hopes, very learned for his age, and ingenious, and under a Governor of great worth. Happy were it, could as much be said of the elder brother, the Lord Spencer, who, rambling about the world, dishonors both his name and his family, adding sorrow to sorrow to a mother, who has taken all imaginable care of his education. There is a daughter (17) very young married to the Earl of Clancarty (20), who has a great and fair estate in Ireland, but who yet gives no great presage of worth,—so universally contaminated is the youth of this corrupt and abandoned age! But this is again recompensed by my Lord Arran (30), a sober and worthy gentleman, who has espoused the Lady Ann Spencer (21), a young lady of admirable accomplishments and virtue.

John Evelyn's Diary 1689 July. 11 Jul 1689. I dined at Lord Clarendon's, it being his lady's wedding day, when about three in the afternoon there was an unusual and violent storm of thunder, rain, and wind; many boats on the Thames were overwhelmed, and such was the impetuosity of the wind as to carry up the waves in pillars and spouts most dreadful to behold, rooting up trees and ruining some houses. The Countess of Sunderland (43) afterward told me that it extended as far as Althorpe at the very time, which is seventy miles from London. It did no harm at Deptford, but at Greenwich it did much mischief.

John Evelyn's Diary 1690 October. 12 Oct 1690. The French General, with Tyrconnel (60) and their forces, gone back to France, beaten out by King William. Cork delivered on discretion. The Duke of Grafton was there mortally wounded and dies. Very great storms of wind. The 8th of this month Lord Spencer (49) wrote me word from Althorpe, that there happened an Earthquake the day before in the morning, which, though short, sensibly shook the house. The "Gazette" acquainted us that the like happened at the same time, half-past seven, at Barnstaple, Holyhead, and Dublin. We were not sensible of it here.

In 1756 Joshua Reynolds Painter 1723-1788 (32). Portrait of Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 in his Garter Robes.

John Evelyn's Diary 1695 November. 13 Nov 1695. Famous fireworks and very chargeable, the King (45) being returned from his progress. He stayed seven or eight days at Lord Sunderland's (54) at Althorpe, where he was mightily entertained. These fireworks were shown before Lord Romney (54), Master of the Ordnance, in St. James's great square, where the King (45) stood.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

On 28 Sep 1702 Robert Spencer 2nd Earl of Sunderland 1641-1702 (61) died at Althorp House Daventry. His son Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland 1675-1722 (27) succeeded 3rd Earl of Sunderland 2C 1643, 5th Baron Spencer Wormleighton. Anne Churchill Countess Sunderland 1683-1716 (19) by marriage Countess of Sunderland 2C 1643.

On 19 Dec 1734 John Spencer 1st Earl Spencer 1734-1783 was born to John Spencer 1708-1746 (26) and Georgiana Caroline Carteret 1716-1780 (18) at Althorp House Daventry.

On 20 Dec 1755 John Spencer 1st Earl Spencer 1734-1783 (21) and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz Countess Spencer 1737-1814 (18) were married at Althorp House Daventry.

On 07 Jun 1757 Georgiana Spencer Duchess Devonshire 1757-1806 was born to John Spencer 1st Earl Spencer 1734-1783 (22) and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz Countess Spencer 1737-1814 (20) at Althorp House Daventry.

On 31 Aug 1997 Diana Spencer Princess Wales 1961-1997 (36) died at Pitié-Salpetrière Hospital. She was buried at Althorp House Daventry.

Cottesbroke

Cottesbrooke Hall

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter X: Newmarket and Melton. The beautiful and unfortunate Empress Elizabeth of Austria (39) rented Cottesbroke from my cousins the Langhams, and her exploits in the hunting-field are well known. Bay Middleton was always staying at Cottesbroke, and used generally to give the Empress a "lead.".
The Empress found Sunday rather a dull day at Cottesbroke, so she had jumps made all round the park, and at 6 o'clock every Sunday morning she and Bay Middleton used to ride together, and taking the jumps became her unvarying Sunday amusement.
Her biographers have not flattered her when they describe her as being singularly handsome, for she was indeed a queenly figure, and I think her only personal defects were her hands and feet, which were large and ungainly. It is said that when Elizabeth (39) first met the Empress Eugenie (50) she was very jealous of her tiny extremities, for Eugenie's hands and feet were exceptionally small.

Around 1865. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (59). Portrait of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 1837-1898 (27).

Around 1854. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (48). Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920 (27).

In 1853. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (47). Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920 (26).

Deene

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter X: Newmarket and Melton. Deene is in the midst of the best hunting country, so I hunted for thirty years with the Quorn, the Belvoir, the Pytchley, the Cottesmore, the Fitzwilliams, and the Woodland.
I was particularly proud of my mounts, and always rode splendid horses.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. I frequently went to Wittley, Lord Ward's place, and I remember his eccentric brother, Dudley Ward, once getting up at dinner and hitting him without any provocation.
Lord Ward had very curly hair, which could never be induced to lie smoothly on his head. I remember when he stayed at Deene after I married Cardigan that his valet suddenly left, giving as his reason for so doing that he thought his Lordship was going mad. It appears that the man had gone unexpectedly into his master's bedroom, and found him sitting in his bath with his HAT on. This seemed such an odd proceeding that the valet, who was a new servant, decided to leave at once and seek employment with a less eccentric master.
The reason Lord Ward wore his hat was solely to try and keep his rebellious curls in order !.

In 1461 Robert Brudenell 1461-1531 was born at Deene.

Deene Park

Battle of Bosworth

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. There are many features of interest in the old house. In the Great Hall there is a blocked-up entrance to an underground passage through which despatches were carried in the Civil War ; and there is a hiding-place large enough to hold twenty people. Henry VII slept at Deene, when as Earl of Richmond he rode to Bosworth Field ; the room is known as " the King's Room," and the Royal arms are sculptured over the fireplace. The Tapestry Room has a fine ceiling, and is the room always reserved for Royal guests, the last visitors who occupied it being the sons of the Infanta Eulalia, Don Alphonso and his brother, who stayed at Deene in 1907. They both thoroughly enjoyed the shooting, and used to telegraph the bags to King Alfonso, who wired that he was not having anything like such good sport !.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The second Earl became a Roman Catholic, and spent most of his long life of 102 years at Deene. His daughter, Lady Anne Brudenell, was one of the most lovely of the beauties associated with the Court of Charles II. She married the Earl of Shrewsbury, and the story is well known of how she, dressed as a page, held the Duke of Buckingham's horse whilst he fought with and slew her husband.

Charge of the Light Brigade

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. I believe my husband replaced a great deal of the original furniture at Deene with more modern examples, but many valuable old pieces still remain. The pictures are very beautiful, including a priceless Vandyke representing Queen Henrietta Maria, in the happy days of her early married life, as a regal, gracious figure arrayed in shimmering satin. There is a lovely portrait of Louise de Keroualle and her son, the Duke of Richmond, who married a Brudenell, and there are many examples of Lely, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other eighteenth- and nineteenth-century artists. One painting by Sant represents the Prince Consort and the Royal children listening to the account of the Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Cardigan, and there are also some interesting pictures of hunting-field incidents, depicting Cardigan and his friends on their favourite mounts.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

In 1670 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (35). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (20).

In 1673 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (38). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 05 Oct 1878 Francis Grant Painter 1803-1878. Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861.

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (26).

Around 1846. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (40). Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901 (26) and Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (26) and their children.

Around 1859. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (53). Portrait of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha 1819-1861 (39).

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. For fifty years I have been chatelaine at Deene. There is no place I love so much. I saw it first as a mere child and even then it seemed to welcome me. It was the home of my married life ; and I am never lonely there. Memory opens wide her gates, and from them issue the beloved dead who loved Deene. Husband, relatives, and friends surround me again, and the dream is so real that I am always happy with my dear ones who people it. The peace of the old house envelops and soothes me, and I always hope that when the time comes for me to lie by my husband's side, my spirit will be sometimes allowed to revisit the place that has always been " sweet home " to me.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. One of my friends has often said that to visit Deene is to step back into the past, for the place bears upon it no impression of modernity, and even the additions made to the house are thoroughly in character with the older parts.
Deene is first mentioned in the Domesday-Book, when the surveyors noted the wood of a mile long belonging to it which joined Rocking- ham Forest. It was the property of the Abbey of Westminster, and was used as a hunting-box by the Abbots. It was called the Grange, and "the monks' well" is still to be seen in the park. A most interesting feature of the house is the Great Hall, 50 feet long and 50 feet high, which is a duplicate in miniature of Westminster Hall, and the carved chestnut roof, the wood of which is impervious to the ravages of insects, has never had an accident since it was first erected in 1086.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Deene lies like some rare jewel in a setting of peaceful lake and well-timbered parkland ; its own peculiar charm would be gone for ever if it relied on blazinsr flower-beds and obtrusive gardening triumphs to make it attractive.
Behind the bowling-green are the kitchen gardens, where the fruit ripens on the mellowed walls, and in spring and summer, masses of old- fashioned flowers make vivid splashes of fragrant colour everywhere. The stables and the riding-school, which I built, are close to the house, and I have a most interesting collection of ancient carriages, many of them over a hundred years old and unique specimens of the coach-builder's art.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The Brudenells have been landowners in Northamptonshire since the time of Henry III, and in 1518 Sir Robert Brudenell, a Justice of the King's Bench, bought Deene from William Litton. Robert Brundenell made a large fortune, and his wife, Margaret Entwyssel, became heiress to her brother's estates of Staunton Wyvile, which naturally added to the wealth of the family. In 1520 Sir Robert settled Deene on his eldest son, Thomas, and eleven years later he died and was buried in the transept of Deene Church.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Allan Fea, in his interesting book, " Nooks and Corners of Old England," describes how, " some time before the poor little plain Duchess (of Buckingham) suspected that she had a formidable rival in the beautiful Countess, she was returning from a visit to Deene to her house at Stamford, where her reckless husband found it convenient to hide himself, as a warrant for high treason was out against him, when she noticed a suspicious little cavalcade travelling in the same direction. Ordering the horses to be whipped up, she arrived in time to give the alarm. The Duke had just then set out for Burleigh House with some ladies in his company, and the serjeant actually saw the Duke alight and lead a lady into the house, but he and his soldiers were not in time to force an entrance, and so the Duke escaped ! ".

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. For twelve years Cardigan remained a grass widower, consoled by many fair friends, and bills no doubt being as numerous then as they are now, certain ladies were always ready to stop at Deene without their husbands.
I knew Lady Cardigan quite well, and on my first visit to Deene with my mother in 1842 she was very kind, and gave me some beautiful Northamptonshire lace, which I still possess.
There is a not unamusing story told about her and a certain Mrs. Browne, well known in Society. Mrs. Browne had fallen desperately in love with Lord Cardigan, and although she did not know him she sent him quantities of billets doux begging for an interview. Lady Cardigan accidentally got hold of one of these letters, and she determined to play a trick on the love-sick lady. Mr. Baldwin, a very handsome man, was Cardigan's agent at the time, and Lady Cardigan persuaded him to personate her husband, and keep a bogus appointment she had made with Mrs. Browne.
The unsuspecting lady received a note purporting to come from Cardigan, saying he would visit her on a certain evening. He further stipulated that as he was so well known he did not wish to see any of Mrs. Browne's servants, and that she must receive him in the dark ! Any one but an infatuated woman would have queried the genuineness of the letter, but Mrs. Browne did not, and when Mr. Baldwin arrived, he was duly received in darkness as black as Erebus. He and Mrs. Browne were mutually well pleased with the result of their meeting, and under cover of the darkness of the small hours of a winter's morning they said good-bye. It was not until long afterwards that Mrs. Browne found out that she had entertained an agent unawares, and no doubt she hated Lady Cardigan for the unkind deception of which she had been the victim.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. At Deene I was always with my husband. Lord Cardigan did not care much for the books, music and painting which appealed so strongly to my temperament ; he only cared for walking, driving and riding, and naturally I put my own hobbies aside and entered into all his favourite pursuits. We constantly rode together. I had beautiful horses, and my husband delighted in praising my "graceful carriage" and my "fine horse-manship," which was much talked about in hunting circles.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. Our marriage was a veritable romance ; we enjoyed all the good things life could give us, but in his own happiness Cardigan never failed to extend a helping hand to the less fortunate, and among our tenantry the name of the Earl of Cardigan is even now a synonym for all that is generous and kind.
We entertained a great deal both at Deene and Portman Square, and for the first three years of our married life Lord Cardigan never allowed any one but himself to take me in to dinner. I had to persuade him at last to give up this very flattering habit, and so he did not monopolise me quite so much in future.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VIII: Widowhood. One evening my sister-in-law, Mrs. de Horsey, persuaded me to go to the Gaiety Theatre with her and Lord Robert Bruce. I was idly scanning the stalls when my attention was riveted by the sight of a gentleman sitting near some members of the Austrian Embassy. Impossible though it may seem, it is nevertheless true that this stranger was the living image of my late husband. He had Cardigan's features, his carriage, his colouring, and the likeness was so painfully real that I was naturally greatly agitated.
" Robert," I said, pointing the stranger out to him, " do you see that gentleman in the stalls ; he's Cardigan's double. I feel I must make his acquaintance, I must know who he is ; do try and ascertain for me, and if possible present him to me ? ".
Lord Robert doubtless thought me very unconventional, but I did not care, my one desire was to speak to the person who was so like my husband, and I was delighted when Robert returned and told me that the gentleman was Count Lindemann, a Franco-Bavarian nobleman, and that he could introduce him to me through a mutual acquaintance at the Embassy.
Count Lindemann and I became great friends, but the friendship on his part changed into love, and he begged me to marry him. I refused, partly on account of a fortune-teller having told me that I should marry twice, and that my second husband would die before me.
" I like you so much as a friend," I told him, "that I could not possibly be happy if marriage meant losing you." The Count was a fine steeplechaser, and he was constantly at Deene. After some years his mother, who was in bad health, begged him to return to Bavaria and take charge of her estates. Lindemann did not wish to leave England, but as his mother threatened to leave her money and property to the Church if he did not, he eventually complied with her wishes.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VIII: Widowhood. I spent much of my time at Deene after I had begun to recover from the shock of Lord Cardigan's death. He had always expressed a wish that if he predeceased me I should still keep up the traditional hospitality of the house, so I commenced to entertain large house-parties.
One evening I gave a dinner-party to which I had invited some very dull neighbours, Mr. and Mrs. H. Aubrey Coventry was staying at Deene, and he suggested playing a joke on Mr. H., a very pompous, snobbish person, who "dearly loved a Lord." Aubrey accordingly dressed himself up as a woman. He was laced into the cook's stays, and my sister-in-law lent him one of her exquisite tea-gowns. He wore an effective wig, and I must say he made a very striking-looking woman. He was introduced to the H.s as Lady Aubrey Coventry, and sat between Mr. H. and John Vivian at dinner. Mr. H. talked a great deal to " Lady Aubrey," who told me afterwards that out of sheer mischief he kept treading on Mr. H.'s foot all through dinner, and he wickedly enjoyed watching the growing embarrassment on that gentleman's face !.
When the ladies retired, Mrs. H. pounced on " Lady Aubrey," and began to get so confidential that poor Aubrey was quite confused, and pleading sudden indisposition he went to his room. A few hours afterwards, clothed in his own garments, he was dancing at the ball which took place later in the evening, and I believe the H.s remained in happy ignorance of * Lady Aubrey's * real identity.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Naturally Deene has a ghost. The story goes that when it was a Religious House, monks and nuns lived there together, an arrangement that was naturally rather dangerous to the morals of the community. A young nun is said to have loved and been loved in return by one of the monks ; they both met with a tragic end, and her spirit appears at times in the Great Hall as a young and lovely woman dressed in the white robes of her Order. A curious discovery was made when the house was drained that perhaps is a silent record of dark doings in monkish days. Quantities of young children's bones were found under the floorings, and I often wonder whether the horrible practices of Gilles de Retz ever took place at Deene long ago, or if the tiny bones were those of unwanted and unwelcome babies at the Religious House !.
My friend, Walter Seymour, wrote the following verses, which I set to music, about the phantom nun : ...

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VIII: Widowhood. After Lord Cardigan's death I remained quietly at Deene for some months. I felt quite overwhelmed by my loss, for as I had known his Lordship nearly all my life I mourned for a dear friend as well as for a beloved husband. My two friends, Miss Hill and Miss Hunt, stayed with me a great deal, but I sank into such a state of apathy and depression that they became alarmed, and begged me to go up to town and see what result change of scene and society would have on my shattered nerves.
I was very loth to leave the country, but I yielded to their entreaties, and went to London, where I saw a few of my intimate friends, and I gradually began to take an interest in life once more.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. The estates were heavily mortgaged, and since Cardigan's death I have paid off £365,000 of the mortgages, which by the terms of the will was not compulsory for me to do. I have also spent £200,000 on the estate, and the many modern improvements now at Deene (which in past years was more gorgeous than comfortable) are entirely due to me.
After the will had been read. Lord Ernest Bruce and my brother, Colonel de Horsey, went for a stroll in the park. They were discussing the contents of the will, and Lord Ernest said cheerfully, " Well, it's a good thing for Robert, as Lady Cardigan won't last long ". " Look here, my Lord," replied my brother in an icy tone, "you seem to forget you are talking about my sister.".
I looked delicate in those days, and my death would have been "a good thing for Robert," but forty years have passed, and he is still waiting for his inheritance!.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. Lord Cardigan's father, the sixth Earl, was a splendid-looking man, and his seven daughters were lovely girls and great heiresses. They all married men of title, and each received a dowry of £100,000 on her wedding day.
When the old Earl was lying dangerously ill at his house in Portman Square, he asked the doctor to tell him whether there was any chance of his recovery. " You are to tell me the truth," he insisted. The doctor was silent. " I see by your manner that you can hold out no hope," said the Earl; "well, death has no terrors for me — but tell me, how long have I to live ? " There was a pause, and at last the doctor stammered, "Two or three days, your Lordship ! ".
The Earl sat up, and rang the bell placed on the table by his bedside. A servant answered the summons. "Order my carriage," said the dying man.
"Good gracious, my Lord!" exclaimed the terrified doctor, "your Lordship cannot realise what you have said.".
" I do realise it," the Earl calmly answered, " but if I am going to die, I will die at Deene and not here." Remonstrance was useless : Lord Cardigan was carried to his carriage and taken to Deene, where he died a few days afterwards.

On 12 Aug 1566 Edmund Brudenell 1521-1585 (45) received Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (32) at Deene Park.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. Sir Thomas, who was a hospitable and generous man, died in 1549, and Deene passed to his son Edmund, who married Agnes Bussey, a member of the great Lincohishire family. Sir Edmund Brudenell carried out extensive building operations at Deene, and the numerous initials of E. and A. and the many shields with the Brudenell and Bussey arms show that he considered his alliance with their family an important one. Camden mentions that Sir Edmund had literary and antiquarian tastes, which were also possessed by his nephew Thomas (23), who succeeded to the estates in 1606. He also built largely, but the great Tower was not finished until about 1628. Sir Thomas (23) was a staunch cavalier, who raised soldiers for the King's (5) garrisons, and he was made a Baron by Charles I. After the Royal cause was lost he suffered the penalty of his loyalty and was imprisoned in the Tower for twenty years. The brave old cavalier kept a most interesting diary during his imprisonment, which is still preserved in the library at Deene ; it consists of about 30 or 40 volumes of MS., which give interesting details of his confinement and the principal events of the time.

Before 1585. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edmund Brudenell 1521-1585.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. In 1661., Charles II (30) rewarded his father's faithful adherent (78) by creating him Earl of Cardigan on April 22, but the old man did not live long to enjoy his new honours, for he died at Deene in 1663, aged eighty.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The wicked Countess and her lover lived at Clieveden — "the bower of wanton Shrewsbury and of love " — and her spirit is supposed to haunt the beautiful riverside retreat, but I am thankful to say she has never appeared in the old home of her innocent girlhood. Her portrait by Sir Peter Lely hangs in the White Hall at Deene, and is a fine example of the artist's well-known very décolleté style of " robes loosely flowing, hair as free," with the usual mise en scène of a beauty of Charles II's time. The third Earl of Cardigan (44) was Master of the Buckhounds to Queen Anne ; he married a daughter (41) of the Earl of Ailesbury (74), and their fourth son (1) inherited the Ailesbury title and estates. Lord Cardigan's eldest son (17) married the heiress (19) of the Duke of Montagu (40) in 1766 [Note. Married on 07 Jul 1730. He was created Duke in 1766]. He was a friend of Horace Walpole (12), the influence of whose pseudo-Gothic tastes may still be seen in the south front of Deene, built at this time, and which now incorporates the great ball-room built for me by my dear husband.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37).

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (20).

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (39).

1738.François Harrewijn Painter 1700-1764 (38). Portrait of Thomas Bruce 3rd Earl Elgin 2nd Earl Ailesbury 1656-1741 (82).

Death of Princess Charlotte

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. After my dear mother's death I visited a great deal with my father (53), and one year we went for the shooting to Lord Huntingfield's place, Heveningham Hall. I slept in the bedroom once occupied by the famous Chevalier d'Éon, who had been a frequent guest at Heveningham, and about whom there were many stories told. It was said that the Chevalier was the one and only lover of cross-grained Queen Charlotte, and that her son, George IV, was the result of their intimacy, although his paternity was of course admitted by King George III. The animosity always displayed by the old Queen to her grand-daughter, Princess Charlotte, was supposed to arise from the fact that as heiress to the throne she innocently dispossessed the other Royal Dukes from the succession. It is certainly a fact that the Princess's untimely death in childbirth was attributed to foul play at the time, and when later the accoucheur Sir Richard Croft, committed suicide, all classes of society were loud in condemnation of the Queen and the Prince Regent. I do not vouch for the accuracy of Queen Charlotte's love affair. I only give the Heveningham gossip as I heard it.
As D'Eon was undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and mysterious personages ot the eighteenth century I was naturally interested in these somewhat scandalous stories.
The Chevalier died when he was eighty-three years of age, after a most extraordinary career. He was at one time aide-de-camp to the Comte de Broglie, and fought in the French army ; but later on for some mysterious reason he discarded man's attire and passed as a woman for thirty-four years. Often when I went into my room I half expected to see a ghostly figure seated at the escritoire where the Chevalier wrote his secret cipher communications, and I wondered whether the brocade crowns and frills and furbelows that he wore as a woman had ever hung in the old wardrobe which I used.
My father and I also stayed with the Westmorlands at Apethorpe Hall ; we visited the Earl (38) and Countess of Chichester (36) at Stanmer Park, and we were welcome guests at Cadlands, Silverlands, Chiswick House, West Park, and my uncle Lord Stradbroke's place, Henham Hall, which was afterwards burnt down.
I had visited Deene Park with my mother in 1842, but I must deal with my future home in the chapter devoted to Deene and its associations.

Around 1766 Johan Joseph Zoffany Painter 1733-1810 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (21).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (23).

1777. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (38). Portrait of the Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England 1744-1818 (32).

Around 1792 Thomas Beach Painter 1738-1806 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (19).

Before 1830. Thomas Lawrence Painter 1769-1830. Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830.

In 1792 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (33). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (29) when Prince of Wales.

In 1807 John Hoppner Painter 1758-1810 (48). Portrait of George IV King Great Britain and Ireland 1762-1830 (44) in his Garter Robes and Leg Garter.

In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard Painter 1702-1789 (51). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (15).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (53). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (42).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (54). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (43).

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance Holland Painter 1735-1811 (32). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (29).

In 1804. Samuel Woodford Painter 1763-1817 (40). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (65).

Around 1800. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (46). Portrait of George III King Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820 (61).

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. On September 28, 1858, my marriage took place at the Military Chapel Gibraltar, and I was the first Countess of Cardigan to be married on foreign soil, I wore a white silk gown draped with a blue scarf, and a large hat adorned with many feathers ; Lord Cardigan's (60) friends, Stuart Paget, Mrs, Paget and the Misses Paget, were present, and we gave a ball on the yacht in the evening. We spent a very gay week at Gibraltar, and then left for Cadiz, touching at Malacca and Alicante ; then we took rail to Madrid, where we arrived on October 16 in time to witness a review of 30,000 troops on Queen Isabella's (27) birthday. After a short stay at Madrid we rejoined the Airedale at Barcelona, and went 500 miles by sea to Leghorn. We experienced bad weather and many storms, and every one on board was ill except myself. The cook was a great sufferer, and his absence was naturally felt by those who were able to look at food without aversion.
From Leghorn we went to Elba, when I saw the place Napoleon embarked from after the "hundred days." We left the Airedaie at Civiti Vecchia and started for Rome in our travelling-carriage with six horses, escorted by some of the Papal Guard sent by the Pope to protect us. I met many of my friends in the Eternal City ; I saw everything worth seeing during my delightful sojourn there, and before we left Lord Cardigan and I were blessed by the Pope at an audience we had with his Holiness. As I wished to go to Genoa by sea, we returned to Civita Vecchia and set out in the yacht for Genoa, where we landed ; we went from there to Turin, and on by rail by the Mont Cenis route to Paris.
Paris was then a city of delight, revelling in the palmy days of the Second Empire, and I greatly enjoyed my visit there. One night I went to the Opera with Cardigan and we saw Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Trelawney in a box. Mrs. Trelawney was the famous Miss Howard, once the English mistress of Louis Napoleon (50), who paid her £250,000 when he renounced her to marry Eugenie de Montijo (32). Mrs. Trelawney annoyed the Emperor (50) and Empress (32) as much as she dared by sitting opposite the Royal box at the Opera, and driving almost immediately behind the Empress's (32) carriage in the Bois de Boulogne. She was a very fat woman, and her embonpoint increased to such an extent that the doors of her carriage had to be enlarged to allow her to get in and out with comfort.
Clarence Trelawney was a friend of mine, and the poor fellow came to a sad end. After his wife's death he married an American lady, but unfortunately he got into debt. He appealed to his relations, who were very wealthy but apparently equally mean, for they refused to lend him the £400 he asked for, and driven desperate by worry he blew out his brains.
From Paris we came to London and stayed at Lord Cardigan's town-house in Portman Square Marylebone ; then we went to Deene on December 14, where we met with a royal reception, six hundred tenants on horseback escorting our carriage from the station to the house.

1844. Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz Painter 1815-1894 (28). Portrait of Isabella II Queen Spain 1830-1904 (13).

Around Oct 1921. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937 (52). Portrait of Mercedes Santamarina Gastañaga 1896-1972 (25). Painted in Paris.

In 1850. Henriette Jacotte Cappelaere Painter. Portrait of Harriet Howard 1823-1865.

Around 1854. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (48). Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920 (27).

In 1853. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (47). Portrait of Empress Eugénie of France 1826-1920 (26).

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter IX: Deene and its History. The house has been very judiciously added to, each architect retaining the motif of the old house, so it has not a patched appearance. My husband's father built the dining-room, and in 1861 Lord Cardigan added the ball-room, especially to please me. It is 70 feet long and 40 feet high ; and I designed the heraldic stained-glass windows which represent the family's forbears of Royal descent. The windows were executed by Lavers and Burrow, but my aid as an artist reduced their account by £200 ! There is a magnificient marble fireplace in the ball-room, which has an oak floor and a musician's gallery.

Death of Lord Cardigan

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824 1915 Chapter VII: My Marriage. When Lord Cardigan (64) transacted any business matters connected with his great estates, he always insisted on my being in the room and listening to all the details. " You will have to do this by yourself one day," he would say to me.
Alas ! after only ten years of happiness the time came when I was to lose my dear husband. He had had a bad fall in the hunting-field in 1862, which resulted in the formation of a clot of blood in his brain, and consequently he suffered at times from a kind of seizure. He gave strict orders that I was never to be told when one occurred, and, oddly enough, I never saw him taken ill in this way.
One fine March morning he told me that he was going to ride and see a gamekeeper who had accidentally shot himself..
He asked me and Sir Henry Edwards (49) to accompany him, but when we reached the keeper's cottage he told us to return to Deene, saying that as he intended to sit an hour with the man he would come on later. We declared our willingness to wait, but Cardigan would not hear of it, and so we somewhat reluctantly rode home without him.
The luncheon hour arrived, but Lord Cardigan did not come ; the afternoon dragged on, and still there were no signs of him. I had a horrible presentment that something must have happened, and at once ordered some of the servants to go in search of his Lordship.
My fears were only too well grounded ; my husband was found lying insensible on the roadside, nearly lifeless. A roadmender told us afterwards that Lord Cardigan had passed him and spoken a few words and seemed apparently quite well ; the horse he was riding shied at a heap of stones and commenced to rear and plunge rather wildly, but my husband kept the animal well under control, for the roadmender saw him ride quietly away. The effort must, however, have afterwards brought on a seizure, for Cardigan fell from his horse, and lay helpless until he was found and brought back to Deene.
For three dreadful days and nights he lay quite unconscious, gasping for breath, and the knowledge that he could not speak to me and did not recognise me intensified my grief a thousandfold. But mercifully his suffering was not prolonged, and on March 28, 1868, my beloved husband passed away.
There are some griefs that are too deep to speak of, even after Time's soothing touch has taken away the first deadly pain of a great sorrow. When I look back and remember the kindness and love which my husband lavished on me, I feel proud to think he often said that the happiest period of his life was after he married me, and that his great possessions and military fame were as nothing compared to the wife he adored.
Lord Cardigan's body lay in state in the ballroom at Deene for twelve days, during which time six thousand people came to look their last at the remains of the leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade. On April 9 he was buried in Deene Church ; the whole regiment of the 11th Hussars attended the funeral, and he was carried to his last resting-place by eight of his old officers.
When the will was read, it was found that he had left everything to me.

On 18 Oct 1886 Ernest Brudenell Bruce 3rd Marquess Ailesbury 1811-1886 (75) died. His grandson George William Thomas Brudenell 4th Marquess Ailesbury 1863-1894 (23) succeeded 4th Marquess Ailesbury 1C. Dorothy Julia "Dolly Tester" Haseley Marchioness Ailesbury by marriage Marchioness Ailesbury 1C. Robert Thomas Brudenell Bruce 1845–1912 (41) inherited Deene Park.

St Peter's Church Deene

Monument to James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797 1868

Drayton

On 16 Jun 1601 Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (62) died at Drayton. His son Henry Mordaunt 4th Baron Mordaunt 1567-1608 (34) succeeded 4th Baron Mordaunt.

Easton Maudit

On 31 Oct 1612 Christopher Yelverton Speaker of the House of Commons 1536-1612 (76) died at his seventy room house in Easton Maudit. On 03 Nov 1612 he was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
In 1611 Margaret Catesby 1543-1611 died. She was buried at Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
Early canopied Jacobean Hooded Monument with eight daughters shown on one side, four sons on the other. The posts support a canopy of two semicircular arches with coffered soffits, urn ornaments at the angles, and shields of arms.

After 1647 Thomas Morton Bishop 1564-1659 became tutor to Henry Yelverton Baron Grey of Ruthyn 1633-1670 the son of Christopher Yelverton 1st Baronet Easton Maudit 1602-1654 at Easton Maudits.

On 20 Sep 1659 Thomas Morton Bishop 1564-1659 died at Easton Maudit. He was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit.
Note his grave slab states his name as Thomas Dunelm. Dunelm is the surname traditionally taken by Bishops of Durham. Main armorial the arms of the Bishop of Durham impaled with unknown arms.

Church of St Peter and St Paul Easton Maudit

Farmingwood or Farming Woods

On 14 Dec 1841 Anne Fitzpatrick -1841 died at Farmingwood or Farming Woods. Monument in St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood sculpted by Richard "The Younger" Sculptor Westmacott 1799-1892 (42).

Farthinghoe

Before 03 Oct 1646 Roland Egerton 1st Baronet Egerton and Oulton -1646 died. On 03 Oct 1646 he was buried at Farthinghoe. His son John Egerton 2nd Baronet Egerton and Oulton -1674 succeeded 2nd Baronet Egerton and Oulton.

On 28 Jul 1648 Bridget Grey Lady Egerton and Oulton -1648 died. She was buried at Farthinghoe.

Church of St Michael Farthinghoe

Fawsley

St Mary's Church Fawsley

Fotheringhay

Fotheringay Castle

On 10 Aug 1439 Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (27) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (24) at Fotheringay Castle.

On 03 May 1446 Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (34) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (31) at Fotheringay Castle.

On 02 Oct 1452 Richard III King England 1452-1485 was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (41) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (37) at Fotheringay Castle.

In May 1554 Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1527-1556 (27) was imprisoned at Fotheringay Castle.

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

Before 14 Oct 1586 Walter Mildmay 1521-1589 went to Fotheringay Castle to inform Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 of her forthcoming trial in which he subsequently took part as one of the special commissioners.

In Nov 1586 Robert Beale Clerk Painter 1541-1601 (45) was sent with Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (50) to Fotheringay Castle to notify Mary Queen of Scots (43) that sentence of death had been passed upon her.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.The inventory of the property of the Queen of Scots (44), alluded to in the foregoing letter, is printed in Prince Labanoff's collection, in which it occupies more than twenty pages. Poulet (54) compiled it by summoning Mary's servants before him, and requesting each of them to give him a written note of all that the Queen (44) had given them. A comparison of this inventory, made after Mary's death, with a former one, dated June 13, 1586, which Prince Labanoff found amongst M. de Chateauneuf's papers enables us to see that Mr. Froude has been led into a curious error respecting Mary Stuart's dress at the scaffold by the anonymous writer whose account he follows in preference to the narratives drawn up by responsible witnesses. It may seem to be of little importance, but as Mr. Froude has chosen to represent the last moments of Mary's life as "brilliant acting throughout," he should at least have been accurate in his details. He even goes so far as to say that she was deprived of the assistance of her chaplain for "fear of some religious melodrame." As to her dress, he says, "She (44) stood on the black scaffold with the black figures all around her, blood-red from head to foot. Her reasons for adopting so extraordinary a costume must be left to conjecture. It is only certain that it must have been carefully studied, and that the pictorial effect must have been appalling." And he quotes from the Vray Rapport the words, "Ainsy fut executee toute en rouge. [Translation: So was executed all in red.]".
The rouge was not " blood-red," but a dark red brown. Blackwood says that she wore, with a pourpoint or bodice of black satin, "une Juppe de vellours cramoisi brun," and the narrative called La Mort de la Royne d'Escosse says the same. There it is in the June inventory, "Une juppe de velloux cramoisy brun, bandee de passement noir, doublee de taffetas de couleur brune." In the inventory taken after her death it is wanting. As it happens, if she had wished to be "blood-red," she might have been so, for in the wardrobe there was "satin figure incarnat," " escarlate," and " satin incarnate." These figure both in the June and February inventories. When she was dressed "le plus proprement qu'elle put et mieux que de coutume," she said to her maids of honour, "Mes amies, je vous eusse laisse plustost cet accoustrement que celui d'hier, sinon qu'il faut que j'aille a la mort un peu honnorablement, et que j'aye quelque chose plus que le commun." "La tragedie finie," continues Blackwood, " les pauvres damoiselles, soigneuses de rhonneur de leur maistresse s'adresserent a Paulet son gardien, et le prierent que le bourreau ne touchast plus au corps de sa Majeste, et qu'il leur fust permis de la despouiller, apres que le monde seroit retire, afin qu'aucune indignite ne fust faitte au corps, promettant de luy rendre la despouille, et tout ce qu'il pourroit demander. Mais ce maudict et espou- ventable Cerbere les renvoya fort lourdement, leur commandant de sortir de la salle. Cependant le bourreau la dechausse, et la manie a sa discretion. Apres qu'il eust fait tout ce qu'il voulust, le corps fut porte en une chambre joignante celle de ces serviteurs, bien fermee de peur qu'ils n'y entrassent pour luy rendre leurs debvoirs. Ce qui augmenta grandement leur ennuy, ils la voyoient par le trou de la serrure demy couverte d'un morceau de drop de bure qu'on avoit arrache de la table du billard, dont nous avous parle cy dessus, et prioyent Dieu a la porte, dont Paulet (54) s'appercevant fist boucher le trou.".
The executioner snatched from her hand the little gold cross that she took from her neck. "Sa Majeste osta hors de son col line croix d'or, qu'elle vouloit bailler a mie de ses filles, disant au maistre d'oeuvres, Mon amy, cecy n'est pas k vostre usage, laissez la a cette damoiselle elle vous baillera en Argent plus qu'elle ne vaut; il luy arracha d'entre les mains fort rudement, disant, C'est mon droit. C'eust este merveille qu'elle eust trouve courtoisie en un bourreau Anglois, qui ne I'avoit jamais sceu trouver entre les plus honestes du pais, sinon tant qu'ils en pouvoient tirer de profit." It was worthy of Poulet (54) to insist that, even though everything Mary wore was to be burnt and the headsman was to lose his perquisites lest he should sell them for relics, it was to be by his hands that they should be taken from the person of his victim.
Several narratives of the execution exist. The most complete, attributed to Bourgoin, is printed in Jebb. Sir H. Ellis and Robertson print the official report of the Commissioners. Then there is Chateauneuf's Report to Henry III., February 27, 1587, N.S., in Teulet, and a narrative drawn up for Burghley by R. W. (Richard Wigmore). Blackwood also furnishes an interesting and trustworthy description. The anonymous Vray Rapport will be found in Teulet. Mr. Froude appears to have selected it, partly because it was possible to expand the Realistic description of the dissevered head, and in particular the inevitable contraction of the features, into the gross and pitiless caricature which he permits himself of the poor wreck of humanity; partly too, because the Vray Rapport, in direct contradiction to the other accounts, supports his assertion that Mary was "dreadfully agitated" on receiving the message of death from the two Earls. To convey the impression that the writer was bodily present on that occasion, Mr. Froude introduces him as "evidently an eye-witness, one of the Queen of Scots' (44) own attendants, probably her surgeon." But the narrative shows us that the writer, whoever he was, could not have been one of Mary's attendants, nor even acquainted with them, for he designates the two ladies who assisted their mistress at the scaffold as "deux damoiselles, I'une Francoise nommee damoiselle Ramete, et l'autre Escossoise, qui avait nom Ersex." There were no such names in Mary's household. The two ladies were both Scottish, Jane Kennedy and Elspeth Curie, Gilbert Curle's sister. Mr. Froude says, "Barbara Mowbray bound her eyes with a handkerchief." It was Jane Kennedy who performed for her this last service.
Poulet's (54) inventory, amongst other things, contains the following entry : "Memorandum that the Priest claimeth as of the said late Queen's gift, a silver chalice with a cover, two silver cruets, four images, the one of our Lady in red coral, with divers other vestments and necessaries belonging to a Massing Priest." When the scaffold had been taken away, the Priest was allowed to leave his room and join the rest of the household. On the morning after the execution he said Mass for Mary's soul; but on the afternoon of that day Melville and Bourgoin were sent for by Poulet, who gave orders that the altar should be taken down, and demanded an oath that Mass should not be said again. Melville excused himself as he was a Protestant and not concerned; the physician stoutly refused. Poulet (54) sent for the Priest, and required the coffer in which the vestments were kept to be brought to him. Du Preau, who was evidently a timid man, took the oath that Poulet (54) insisted on, little thinking that he was pledging himself for six months. "II jura sur la bible de ne faire aucune office de religion, craignant d'estre resserre en prison.".
The household of the late Queen (44) were not allowed to depart as soon as Poulet (54) expected. They were detained at Fotheringay, from motives of policy, till the 3rd of August, when the funeral of their mistress having been at last performed, they were set free. Some of them were taken to Peterborough to accompany the corpse and to be present at the funeral ceremonies on the 1st of August. Amongst them, in the order of the procession, it is surprising to find Mary's chaplain, "Monsieur du Preau, aumosnier, en long manteau, portant une croix d'Argent en main." The account of the funeral from which this is taken, written by one of the late Queen's (44) household, takes care to mention that when they reached the choir of Peterborough Minster, and the choristers began "a chanter a leur fagon en langage Anglois," they all, with the exception of Andrew Melville and Barbara Mowbray, left the church and walked in the cloisters till the service was finished. "Si les Anglois," he says, "et principalement le Roy des heraux . . . estoit en extreme cholere, d'autant estoient joieux et contents les Catholiques.".
Poulet left for London, and as long as Mary's servants were detained at Fotheringay, he seems to have retained jurisdiction over them. It was to him, therefore, that Melville and Bourgoin applied in March for leave to sell their horses and to write into France respecting the bequests made to them by the Queen of Scots ; and to him that Darrell forwarded in June "the petition of the whole household and servants of the late Queen of Scotland remaining at Fotheringay," begging to be released from their prison and to be allowed to leave the country.
Poulet (54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street, the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.
His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day with- out any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to " cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping : the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.
Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome. Monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his. Monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.

Presence Chamber Fotheringay Castle

Trial of Mary Queen of Scots

On 14 Oct 1586 Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton 1544-1589 (42), Lewis Mordaunt 3rd Baron Mordaunt 1538-1601 (48), Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 (28), Christopher Wray 1524-1592 (62), John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 (33) and Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 (30) sat in judgement on Mary Queen of Scots (43) in the Presence Chamber Fotheringay Castle.
Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (57), George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (28), Henry Clinton 2nd Earl Lincoln 1539-1616 (47), Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (45), Edward Manners 3rd Earl Rutland 1549-1587 (37), Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby 1531-1593 (55), Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick 1530-1590 (56), George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (58), Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (36), William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (60), William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (66), Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1538-1601 (48) and Thomas Bromley Lord Chancellor 1530-1587 (56) were present on the side of the Presence Chamber Fotheringay Castle. .
John St John 2nd Baron St John Bletso -1596 was present on the left side of the Presence Chamber Fotheringay Castle.
John Stourton 9th Baron Stourton 1553-1588 (33) was a juror.

In 1568 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Wentworth 3rd Baron Wentworth 1558-1593 (9).

In 1582 Seventtenth Century copy.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Christopher Wray 1524-1592 (58).

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (33).

Around 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Unknown Man. Possibly George Clifford 3rd Earl Cumberland 1558-1605 (31).

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Stanley 4th Earl Derby 1531-1593 (43).

Around 1650 based on a work of 1575.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604.

Around 1574 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (34). Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665. Armorial top left quarterly 1&4  with a yellow band top and bottom 2  3 . The attribution here possibly incorrect since Charles Somerset was born in 1587 ie before the 1574 date when painted. A possible subject is William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (48) who has the same armoiral in another

In 1569. Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Somerset 3rd Earl Worcester 1526-1589 (43).

Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Great Hall Fotheringay Castle

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Original Letters Illustrative of English History Second Series Volume III. Ellis notes that "the present narrative is from the Lansdowne MS. 51. art. 46. It is indorsed in Lord Burghley's hand, "8 Feb. 1586. The Manner of the Q. of Scotts death at Fodrynghay, wr. by Ro. Wy.
A Reporte of the manner of the execution of the Sc. Q. performed the viijth. of February, Anno 1586 [modern dating 1587] in the great hall of Fotheringhay, with relacion of speeches uttered and accions happening in the said execution, from the delivery of the said Sc. Q. to Mr Thomas Androwes Esquire Sherife of the County of Northampton unto the end of said execution..
THE READER shall now be presented with the Execution of the Queen of Scots (44) which was to the Court or three Statements of this Transaction were There was a Short one copies of which are Manuscripts Jul F vi foll 246 266 b and b Another a Copy of the Account of the Earl to the Lords of the Council dated on the day is MS Calig C ix fol 163 And there is a Office somewhat longer said to have been drawn evidently one of her servants present Narrative is from the Lansdowne MS in Lord Burghley s hand 8 Feb 1586 of Scotts death at Fodrynghay wr by Ro Wy Queen s death have been dressed up from writers but it is here given accurate and entire.
First, the said Scottish Queen, being carried by two of Sir Amias Paulett's (54) gentlemen, and the Sheriff (46) going before her, came most willingly out of her chamber into an entry next the Hall, at which place the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), commissioners for the execution, with the two governors of her person, and divers knights and gentlemen did meet her, where they found one of the Scottish Queen's servants, named Melvin [NOTE. Possibly Andrew Melville of Garvock Steward], kneeling on his knees, who uttered these words with tears to the Queen of Scots (44), his mistress, "Madam, it will be the sorrowfullest message that ever I carried, when I shall report that my Queen (44) and dear mistress is dead." Then the Queen of Scots, shedding tears, answered him, "You ought to rejoice rather than weep for that the end of Mary Stuart's (44) troubles is now come. Thou knowest, Melvin, that all this world is but vanity, and full of troubles and sorrows; carry this message from me, and tell my friends that I die a true woman to my religion, and like a true Scottish woman and a true Frenchwoman. But God forgive them that have long desired my end; and He that is the true Judge of all secret thoughts knoweth my mind, how that it ever hath been my desire to have Scotland and England united together. Commend me to my son, and tell him that I have not done anything that may prejudice his kingdom of Scotland; and so, good Melvin, farewell;" and kissing him, she bade him pray for her.
Then she (44) turned to the Lords and told them that she had certain requests to make unto them. One was for a sum of money, which she said Sir Amyas Paulet (54) knew of, to be paid to one Curle her servant; next, that all her poor servants might enjoy that quietly which by her Will and Testament she had given unto them; and lastly, that they might be all well entreated, and sent home safely and honestly into their countries. "And this I do conjure you, my Lords, to do.".
Answer was made by Sir Amyas Paulet (54), "I do well remember the money your Grace speaketh of, and your Grace need not to make any doubt of the not performance of your requests, for I do surely think they shall be granted.".
"I have," said she, "one other request to make unto you, my Lords, that you will suffer my poor servants to be present about me, at my death, that they may report when they come into their countries how I died a true woman to my religion.".
Then the Earl of Kent (46), one of the commissioners, answered, "Madam, it cannot well be granted, for that it is feared lest some of them would with speeches both trouble and grieve your Grace, and disquiet the company, of which we have had already some experience, or seek to wipe their napkins in some of your blood, which were not convenient." "My Lord," said the Queen of Scots, "I will give my word and promise for them that they shall not do any such thing as your Lordship has named. Alas! poor souls, it would do them good to bid me farewell. And I hope your Mistress (53), being a maiden Queen, in regard of womanhood, will suffer me to have some of my own people about me at my death. And I know she hath not given you so straight a commission, but that you may grant me more than this, if I were a far meaner woman than I am." And then (seeming to be grieved) with some tears uttered these words: "You know that I am cousin to your Queen (53) [NOTE. They were first-cousin once-removed], and descended from the blood of Henry the Seventh [NOTE. She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509], a married Queen of France [NOTE. She had married Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560], and the anointed Queen of Scotland.".
Whereupon, after some consultation, they granted that she (44) might have some of her servants according to her Grace's request, and therefore desired her to make choice of half-a-dozen of her men and women: who presently said that of her men she would have Melvin, her apothecary, her surgeon, and one other old man beside; and of her women, those two that did use to lie in her chamber.
After this, she being supported by Sir Amias's (54) two gentlemen aforesaid, and Melvin carrying up her train, and also accompanied with the Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen aforenamed, the Sheriff (46) going before her, she passed out of the entry into the Great Hall, with her countenance careless, importing thereby rather mirth than mournful cheer, and so she willingly stepped up to the scaffold which was prepared for her in the Hall, being two feet high and twelve feet broad, with rails round about, hung and covered with black, with a low stool, long cushion, and block, covered with black also. Then, having the stool brought her, she sat her down; by her, on the right hand, sat the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), and on the left hand stood the Sheriff (46), and before her the two executioners; round about the rails stood Knights, Gentlemen, and others.
Then, silence being made, the Queen's Majesty's Commission for the execution of the Queen of Scots (44) was openly read by Mr. Beale, clerk of the Council (46); and these words pronounced by the Assembly, "God save the Queen." During the reading of which Commission the Queen of Scots (44) was silent, listening unto it with as small regard as if it had not concerned her at all; and with as cheerful a countenance as if it had been a pardon from her Majesty (53) for her life; using as much strangeness in word and deed as if she had never known any of the Assembly, or had been ignorant of the English language.
Then one Doctor Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough (42), standing directly before her, without the rail, bending his body with great reverence, began to utter this exhortation following: "Madam, the Queen's most excellent Majesty," &c, and iterating these words three or four times, she told him, "Mr. Dean (42), I am settled in the ancient Catholic Roman religion, and mind to spend my blood in defence of it." Then Mr. Dean (42) said: "Madam, change your opinion, and repent you of your former wickedness, and settle your faith only in Jesus Christ, by Him to be saved." Then she (44) answered again and again, "Mr. Dean (42), trouble not yourself any more, for I am settled and resolved in this my religion, and am purposed therein to die." Then the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), perceiving her (44) so obstinate, told her that since she would not hear the exhortation begun by Mr. Dean (42), "We will pray for your Grace, that it stand with God's will you may have your heart lightened, even at the last hour, with the true knowledge of God, and so die therein." Then she answered, "If you will pray for me, my Lords, I will thank you; but to join in prayer with you I will not, for that you and I are not of one religion.".
Then the Lords called for Mr. Dean (42), who, kneeling on the scaffold stairs, began this prayer, "O most gracious God and merciful Father," &c, all the Assembly, saving the Queen of Scots (44) and her servants, saying after him. During the saying of which prayer, the Queen of Scots (44), sitting upon a stool, having about her neck an Agnus Dei, in her hand a crucifix, at her girdle a pair of beads with a golden cross at the end of them, a Latin book in her hand, began with tears and with loud and fast voice to pray in Latin; and in the midst of her prayers she slided off from her stool, and kneeling, said divers Latin prayers; and after the end of Mr. Dean's (42) prayer, she kneeling, prayed in English to this effect: "For Christ His afflicted Church, and for an end of their troubles; for her son; and for the Queen's Majesty (53), that she might prosper and serve God aright." She conFessed that she hoped to be saved "by and in the blood of Christ, at the foot of whose Crucifix she would shed her blood." Then said the Earl of Kent (46), "Madam, settle Christ Jesus in your heart, and leave those trumperies." Then she little regarding, or nothing at all, his good counsel, went forward with her prayers, desiring that "God would avert His wrath from this Island, and that He would give her grief and forgiveness for her sins." These, with other prayers she made in English, saying she forgave her enemies with all her heart that had long sought her blood, and desired God to convert them to the truth; and in the end of the prayer she desired all saints to make intercession for her to Jesus Christ, and so kissing the crucifix, and crossing of her also, said these words: "Even as Thy arms, O Jesus, were spread here upon the Cross, so receive me into Thy arms of mercy, and forgive me all my sins.".
Her (44) prayer being ended, the executioners, kneeling, desired her Grace to forgive them her death; who answered, "I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles." Then they, with her two women, helping of her up, began to disrobe her of her apparel; she never changed her countenance, but with smiling cheer she uttered these words, "that she never had such grooms to make her unready, and that she never put off her clothes before such a company.".
Then she (44), being stripped of all her apparel saving her petticoat and kirtle, her two women beholding her made great lamentation, and crying and crossing themselves prayed in Latin; she (44), turning herself to them, embracing them, said these words in French, "Ne criez vous; j'ay promis pour vous;" and so crossing and kissing them, bade them pray for her, and rejoice and not weep, for that now they should see an end of all their mistress's (44) troubles. Then she, with a smiling countenance, turning to her men servants, as Melvin and the rest, standing upon a bench nigh the scaffold, who sometime weeping, sometime crying out aloud, and continually crossing themselves, prayed in Latin, crossing them with her hand bade them farewell; and wishing them to pray for her even until the last hour.
This done, one of the women having a Corpus Christi cloth lapped up three-corner ways, kissing it, put it over the Queen of Scots' (44) face, and pinned it fast to the caul of her head. Then the two women departed from her, and she (44) kneeling down upon the cushion most resolutely, and without any token or fear of death, she spake aloud this Psalm in Latin, "In te, Domine, confido, non confundar in eternum," &c. [Ps. xxv.]. Then, groping for the block, she laid down her head, Putting her chin over the block with both her hands, which holding there, still had been cut off, had they not been espied. Then lying upon the block most quietly, and stretching out her arms, cried, "In manus tuas, Domine," &c, three or four times. Then she (44) lying very still on the block, one of the executioners holding of her slightly with one of his hands, she (44) endured two strokes of the other executioner with an axe, she making very small noise or none at all, and not stirring any part of her from the place where she lay; and so the executioner cut off her head, saving one little grisle, which being cut asunder, he lifted up her head to the view of all the assembly, and bade "God save the Queen." Then her dressing of lawn falling off from her head, it appeared as grey as one of threescore and ten years old, polled very short, her face in a moment being so much altered from the form she had when she was alive, as few could remember her by her dead face. Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off.
Then Mr. Dean (42) said with a loud voice, "So perish all the Queen's enemies;" and afterwards the Earl of Kent (46) came to the dead body, and standing over it, with a loud voice said, "Such end of all the Queen's and the Gospel's enemies.".
Then one of the executioners pulling off her (44) garters, espied her little dog which was crept under her clothes, which could not be gotten forth but by force, yet afterward would not depart from the dead corpse, but came and lay between her head and her shoulders, which being imbrued with her blood, was carried away and washed, as all things else were that had any blood was either burned or clean washed; and the executioners sent away with money for their fees, not having any one thing that belonged unto her. And so, every man being commanded out of the Hall, except the Sheriff (46) and his men, she was carried by them up into a great chamber lying ready for the surgeons to embalm her.

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (33).

After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1560 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572 (50). Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560 (15).

1572. After François Clouet Painter 1510-1572 (62). Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.

On 08 Feb 1587 Mary Queen of Scots (44) was beheaded in the Great Hall in Fotheringhay Castle.
George Talbot 6th Earl Shrewsbury 6th Earl Waterford 1528-1590 (59), Henry Grey 6th Earl Kent 1541-1615 (46), Richard Knightley 1532-1615 (55) and Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton 1573-1624 (13) witnessed her execution. .
There are few extant original sources describing Mary's execution. Those that do exist are somewhat contradictory. They include The letter-books of Sir Amias Poulet, Keeper of Mary Queen of Scots, the Calendar of State Papers, Spain (known as the Simancas), Volume 4, 1587-1603 and Beale's sketch of the execution. The most reliable primary source appears to be Jebb's De vita et rebus gestis serenissimæ principis Mariæ Scotorum Reginæ published in Paris in 1589 in French; there doesn't appear to be an extant translation.

St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay

After 25 Oct 1415 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Reburial of Richard and Edmund of York

On 29 Jul 1476 Edward I's paternal grand-father Edward of York, his father Richard of York and and his younger brother Edmund were reburied at St Mary and All Saints in Fotheringhay in a ceremony attended by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (34), George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (26), Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (21), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (45), Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers 1440-1483 (36).

On 01 Apr 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.
Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.
IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh’u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince Richard late Duke of Yorke, fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th , the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh’u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.
Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.
Also I geve and bequeith to the Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.
Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.
Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras, and a tappett of arres with the pope.
Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.
And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved lord and housbond, than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.
Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.
Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.
Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.
Also I geve to my doughter Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.
Also I geve to my doughter Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.
Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.
Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50).
Also I geve to my son of Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.
Also I geve to my son Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh’us masse.
Also I geve to my son William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne priores of Sion, a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.
Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.
Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.
Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.
Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.
Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.
Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.
Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.
Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.
Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.
Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.
Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.
Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.
Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.
Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.
Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.
Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.
Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.
Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for my Lord my housbond and me.
Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.
Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.
Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.
Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.
Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.
Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.
Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.
Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.
Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.
Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.
Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.
Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.
Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.
Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.
Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.
Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.
Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.
Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.
Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.
Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.
Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.
And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.
And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.
And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.
IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at “Lamehithe” the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (13).

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

On 31 May 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

In 1566 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (32) visited St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

On 30 Jun 1577 Frances Vere 1517-1577 (60) died at Soham. He was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

On 08 Nov 1586 John Spencer 1524-1586 (62) died. He was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Foxley

On 16 Nov 1608 Newdigate Poyntz 1608-1643 was born to John Poyntz 1577-1617 (30) at Foxley.

Geddington

Eleanor Crosses

After 28 Nov 1290 Eleanor of Castile's body was taken from Harby to Westminster Abbey. At each of the locations at which her body rested overnight Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 commissioned the building of an Eleanor Cross. Three remain. The best example being at Geddington.

On 05 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Geddington.

Grafton Regis

Around 1341 John Woodville 1341-1403 was born at Grafton Regis.

In 1390 Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448 was born to Thomas Bittelsgate 1350- and Joan Beauchamp 1370- at Grafton Regis.

In 1396 Thomas Bittelsgate 1350- and Joan Beauchamp 1370- were married at Grafton Regis.

Around 1400 Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 was born in Grafton Regis.

After 08 Sep 1403 John Woodville 1341-1403 died at Grafton Regis.

Around 1437 Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (32) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (22) at Grafton Regis.

In 1441 Anne Stafford 1441-1502 was born to Humphrey Stafford 1400-1467 (41) in Grafton Regis.

On 29 Nov 1441 Richard Woodville 1385-1441 (56) died at Grafton Regis.

In 1447 Lionel Woodville Bishop of Salisbury 1447-1484 was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (42) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (32) in Grafton Regis.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

Around May 1464 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis. Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness. .

On 27 Jul 1558 Frances Giffard 1520-1558 (38) died at Grafton Regis.

Anne Woodville was born to Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 at Grafton Regis.

Grafton Underwood

St James the Apostle Church Grafton Underwood

Great Brington

Great Creaton

In 1555 William Dickens 1555-1585 was born at Great Creaton.

In 1582 Anne Dickens 1582-1637 was born to William Dickens 1555-1585 (27) at Great Creaton.

In 1585 William Dickens 1555-1585 (30) died at Great Creaton.

Great Harrowden

Before 1616 Henry Neville 9th Baron Bergavenny 1579-1641 and Catherine Vaux Baroness Bergavenny 1592-1649 were married at Great Harrowden.

Greatworth

Greatworth Church Greatworth

On 25 Jul 1696 Eleanor Pargiter -1696 died. She was buried at Greatworth Church Greatworth.

On 17 Feb 1742 Charles Howe 1661-1742 (81) died. He was buried at Greatworth Church Greatworth.

Greens Norton

In 1345 Thomas Green 1345-1391 was born to Henry Green -1369 and Katherine Drayton 1319-1387 at Greens Norton.

On 10 Feb 1369 Thomas Green 1369-1417 was born to Thomas Green 1345-1391 (24) at Greens Norton.

On 14 Dec 1417 Thomas Green 1369-1417 (48) died at Greens Norton.

On 13 Apr 1433 Mary Talbot 1383-1433 (49) died at Greens Norton.

On 18 Jan 1462 Thomas Green 1400-1462 (61) died at Greens Norton.

St Bartholomew's Church Greens Norton

On 09 Sep 1462 Thomas Green 1421-1462 (41) died. He was buried at St Bartholomew's Church Greens Norton.

Gretton

In 1610 Robert Abbott Scrivener 1610-1653 was born to Thomas Abbott -1652 in Gretton.

Kirby Hall Gretton

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 August. 25 Aug 1654. To see Kirby, a very noble house of my Lord Hatton's (49), in Northamptonshire, built à la moderne; the garden and stables agreeable, but the avenue ungraceful, and the seat naked: returned that evening.

On 19 May 1791 George Finch Hatton 5th Earl Nottingham 10th Earl Winchilsea 1791-1858 was born to George Finch Hatton 1747-1823 (43) at Kirby Hall Gretton.

Grimsbury

In 1450 William Cope 1450-1513 was born at Grimsbury.

Hardingstone

Eleanor Crosses

On 06 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Hardingstone.

Harleston

Around 1400. Window in the Chicheley Chapel at St Andrew's Church Wimpole from the late 14th early 15th Century depicting alliances of the Ufford family (who are thought to have owned the manor of Wimpole before the Chicheleys) and the Plantagenets through the marriage of Ralph Ufford 1302-1346 and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster 1310-1377, daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 .
From top to bottom, left to right:
. The Tiptoft family owned the nearby manor of Harleston.
.
. The Avenell family once held a manor in Wimpole.
Telemache Arms.
. Believed to be the arms of William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382. Note the difference of an annulet argent (white) in the top left corner.
. Possibly William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton 1309-1361.
. Possibly Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 although the label doesn't appear to have the fleur de lys of France.
Bassingbourne Arms.
Engaine Arms. John de Engaine lived in Huntingdonshire.
. Possibly Robert Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1288-1344. Robert settled at nearby Rampton.
Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369 who married Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk 1286-1368 whose father Walter Norwich 1274-1329 owned the manor of Cobbs in Wimpole.
England Edward III Arms
 with a label_three_points. Believed to be Robert Ufford who predeceased his father Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk 1298-1369.
Bassingbourne Arms.
The figure in the middle is believed to represent William Ufford 2nd Earl Suffolk 1338-1382.
From an original description by James C Powell 1903.

On 20 Jan 1861 Assheton Edward Harbord 1861-1929 was born to Charles Harbord 5th Baron Suffield 1830-1914 (31) and Cecilia Annetta Baring Baroness Suffield at Harleston.

Harringworth

In 1273 Eleanor Zouche 1273-1300 was born to Eudo Zouche 1238-1279 (35) and Millicent Cantilupe -1299 at Harringworth.

On 18 Dec 1276 William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 was born to Eudo Zouche 1238-1279 (38) and Millicent Cantilupe -1299 at Harringworth.

Around 1279 Lucy Zouche 1279- was born to Eudo Zouche 1238-1279 (41) and Millicent Cantilupe -1299 at Harringworth.

Around 1281 Eva Zouche 1281-1314 was born to Eudo Zouche 1238-1279 and Millicent Cantilupe -1299 at Harringworth.

Around 1300 Joan Zouche 1300-1337 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (23) and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 (20) at Harringworth.

Around 1301 John Zouche 1301-1326 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (24) and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 (21) at Harringworth.

Around 1303 Roger Zouche 1303-1326 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (26) and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 (23) at Harringworth.

Around 1305 Thomas Zouche 1305-1326 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (28) and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 (25) at Harringworth.

Around 1309 Edmund Zouche 1309-1326 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (32) and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 (29) at Harringworth.

On 27 Oct 1351 William Zouche 3rd Baron Zouche Harringworth 1351-1396 was born to William Zouche 2nd Baron Zouche Harringworth 1321-1382 (29) and Elizabeth Ros Baroness Zouche Harringworth at Harringworth.

On 11 Mar 1352 William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 (75) died at Harringworth. His grandson William Zouche 2nd Baron Zouche Harringworth 1321-1382 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Zouche Harringworth. Elizabeth Ros Baroness Zouche Harringworth by marriage Baroness Zouche Harringworth.

Around 1373 William Zouche 4th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1373-1415 was born to William Zouche 3rd Baron Zouche Harringworth 1351-1396 (21) and Agnes Greene Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1341-1391 at Harringworth.

Around 1383 John Zouche 1383-1445 was born to William Zouche 3rd Baron Zouche Harringworth 1351-1396 (31) and Agnes Greene Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1341-1391 at Harringworth.

In 1402 William Zouche 5th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1402-1462 was born to William Zouche 4th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1373-1415 (29) at Harringworth.

Around 1430 Elizabeth Zouche 1430- was born to William Zouche 5th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1402-1462 (28) and Alice St Maur Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1409-1450 (20) at Harringworth.

Around 1430 John Zouche 1430-1513 was born to John Zouche and Elizabeth Grey at Harringworth.

Around 1486 John Zouche 8th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1486-1550 was born to John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (27) and Joan Dynham Baroness Zouche Harringworth at Harringworth.

Around 1515 John Zouche 1515- was born to John Zouche 8th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1486-1550 (29) and Dorothy Capell Baroness Zouche Harringworth at Harringworth.

On 10 Aug 1550 John Zouche 8th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1486-1550 (64) died at Harringworth. His son Richard Zouche 9th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1510-1552 (40) succeeded 9th Baron Zouche Harringworth. Margaret Cheney Baroness Zouche Harringworth by marriage Baroness Zouche Harringworth.

On 19 Jun 1569 George Zouche 10th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1526-1569 (43) died at Harringworth. His son Edward Zouche 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1556-1625 (13) succeeded 11th Baron Zouche Harringworth.

In Aug 1625 Margaret Poley Lady Palmer 1542-1625 (83) died at Harringworth.

Millicent Zouche Baroness Deincourt -1379 was born to William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Harringworth 1276-1352 and Maud Lovell Baroness Zouche Harringworth 1280-1346 at Harringworth.

John Zouche was born to William Zouche 5th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1402-1462 at Harringworth.

Elizabeth Zouche Countess Kildare -1517 was born to John Zouche and Elizabeth Grey at Harringworth.

Harrowden

Around 1473 Florence Hastings Baroness Grey Wilton 1473-1536 was born to Ralph Hastings -1495 and Anne Tattershall 1439-1499 (34) at Harrowden.

Holdenby

Holdenby House Holdenby

After Jan 1647 John Coke 1607-1650 was one of the nine commissioners appointed to take charge of King Charles I at Holdenby House Holdenby.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Horton

On 10 Sep 1547 William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (64) died. He was buried at Horton.

On 16 Apr 1661 Christopher Montagu 1661- was born to George Montagu 1622-1681 (38) at Horton.

On 16 Apr 1661 Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax 1661-1715 was born to George Montagu 1622-1681 (38) at Horton.

Hothorpe

In 1620 Dr Ralph Bathurst 1620-1704 was born in Hothorpe.

Isham

In 1508 Cecilia Durance 1508-1538 was born to John Durance -1539 at Isham.

Lamport

Church of All Saints Lamport

On 02 Mar 1675 Justinian Isham 2nd Baronet Isham 1610-1675 (65) died of smallpox at Oxford. He was buried at Church of All Saints Lamport. His son Thomas Isham 3rd Baronet Isham 1657-1681 (17) succeeded 3rd Baronet Isham of Lamport in Northamptonshire.

Laxton

Laxton Hall Laxton

On 23 May 1732 George Evans 2nd Baron Carbery 1703-1759 (29) and Frances Fitzwilliam Baroness Carbery -1789 were married. He was given the Laxton Hall Laxton estate by his mother, worth £1100 per year, and an annuity on the family's Irish estates worth £1,400 per year.

Little Creston

In 1570 John Twigden 1570-1611 was born at Little Creston.

In 1611 John Twigden 1570-1611 (41) died at Little Creston.

Lowick

On 18 Jun 1626 John Mordaunt 1st Viscount Mordaunt 1626-1675 was born to John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough -1642 and Elizabeth Howard Countess Peterborough 1603-1671 (23) at Lowick.

St Peter's Church Lowick

On 24 Mar 1499 Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (28) died at Drayton House Drayton Lowick. He was buried at St Peter's Church Lowick.

On 29 Jul 1843 Charles Sackville 5th Duke Dorset 1767-1843 (75) died unmarried. He was buried in St Peter's Church Lowick. His estates were inherited by.

Melton

Around 1520 Ellen Helena Fitzwilliam 1520-1575 was born to William Fitzwilliam Sheriff of London 1460-1534 (60) at Melton.

Milton

Around 16 Sep 1526 William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1490-1552 (36) in Milton.

Around 1544 Philippa Fitzwilliam 1544-1596 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 (17) in Milton.

Around 1555 William Fitzwilliam 1555-1618 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1526-1599 (28) in Milton.

In 1578 William Fitzwilliam 1st Baron Fitzwilliam 1578-1643 was born to William Fitzwilliam 1555-1618 (23) in Milton.

Naseby

Battle of Naseby

On 14 Jun 1645 Maurice Palatinate Simmern 1621-1652 fought at Naseby during the Battle of Naseby for the Royalist army.
John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield 1606-1671 (38) fought for the King.
Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (25) was wounded.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Nether Boddington

In 1619 Robert Washington 1544-1619 (75) died at Nether Boddington. He was buried at Church of St James the Less Sulgrave.

Northampton

The History of King Richard the Third. Now when the King on his way to London had gone from Northampton, then these Dukes of Gloucester and Buckingham came thither. But the Lord Rivers, the King’s uncle, remained behind, intending on the morrow to follow the King, and be with him at Stony Stratford, eleven miles thence, early before he departed. So was there made that night much friendly cheer between these dukes and the Lord Rivers a great while. But immediately after that, they openly and with great courtesy departed; and while the Lord Rivers lodged, the dukes secretly, with a few of their most private friends, set themselves down in council, wherein they spent a great part of the night. And at their rising in the dawning of the day, they sent about secretly to their servants, who were in their inns and lodgings about, giving the commandment to make themselves shortly ready, for their lords were ready to ride. Upon which messages, many of their folk were attendant when many of the Lord Rivers’ servants were unready. Now had these dukes taken also into their custody the keys of the inn so that none should pass forth without their approval. And besides this, on the highway toward Stony Stratford, where the King lay, they had ordered certain of their folk that they should send back again and compel to return any man who were gotten out of Northampton toward Stony Stratford, till they should give permission, because the dukes themselves intended, for the show of their diligence, to be the first that should that day attend upon the King’s Highness out of that town; thus did they deceive the folk at hand.
But when the Lord Rivers understood the gates closed and the ways on every side beset, neither his servants nor himself allowed to go out, perceiving well so great a thing without his knowledge was not begun for nothing, comparing this manner present with this last night’s cheer, in so few hours so great a change he marvelously disliked. However, since he could not get away—and keep himself close, he would not do so lest he should seem to hide himself for some secret fear of his own fault, whereof he saw no such fault in himself—he determined, upon the surety of his own conscience, to go boldly to them and inquire what this matter might mean. Whom, as soon as they saw, they began to quarrel with him and say that he intended to set distance between the King and them and to bring them to confusion, but this plan would not lie in his power. And when he began (as he was a very well-spoken man) in goodly manner to excuse himself, they tarried not the end of his answer, but shortly took him and put him under guard, and that done, forthwith went to horseback and took the way to Stony Stratford, where they found the King with his company ready to leap on horseback and depart forward, to leave that lodging for them because it was too small for both companies.

Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) was put on trial in Northampton by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (46).

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. 22 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Dover. Robert Terry, of Whytefield, imprisoned at Northampton for the death of Galianus de Bek, has letters to the Sheriff of Nottingham to bail him until the first assize. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Treaty of Edinburgh Northampton

The Chronicles of Froissart Chapter XX. Mar 1328. Treaty of Edinburgh Northampton. AND when that the Scots were departed by night from the mountain, whereas the king of England (15) had besieged them, as ye have heard herebefore, they went twentytwo mile through that savage country without resting, and passed the river of Tyne right near to Carlisle ; and the next day they went into their own land, and so departed every man to his own mansion. And within a space after there was a peace purchased between the kings of England and Scotland ; and as the English chronicle saith,' it was done by the special counsel of the old queen (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) ; for by their means there was a parliament holden at Northampton, at the which the king (15) being within age granted to the Scots to release all the fealties and homages that they ought to have done to the crown of England, by his charter ensealed, and also there was delivered to the Scots an indenture, the which was called the Ragman, wherein was contained all the homages and fealties that the king of Scots and all the prelates, earls and barons of Scotland ought to have done to the crown of England, sealed with all their seals, with all other rights that sundry barons and knights ought to have had in the realm of Scotland. And also they delivered to them again the black cross of Scotland, the which the good king Edward conquered and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the which was a precious relic ; and all rights and interests that every baron had in Scotland was then clean forgiven. And many other things were done at that parliament to the great hurt and prejudice of the realm of England, and in manner against the wills of all the nobles of the realm, save only of Isabel (33) the old queen and the bishop of Ely and the lord Mortimer (40) : they ruled the realm in such wise, that every man was miscontent. So that the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) and sir Thomas Brotherton (27), earl marshal, and sir Edmund of Woodstock (26), the king's uncle, and divers other lords and commons were agreed together to amend these faults, if they might. And in that meantime the queen Isabel (33) and sir Roger Mortimer (40) caused another parliament to be holden at Salisbury, at the which parliament sir Roger Mortimer (40) was made earl of March against all the barons' wills of England, in prejudice of king and his realm, and sir John of Eltham (11) the king's brother was made earl of Cornwall. To the which parliament the earl Henry of Lancaster (47) would not come, wherefore the king was brought in belief that he would have destroyed his person; for the which they assembled a great host and went toward Bedford, whereas the earl Henry (47) was with his company. Then the earl marshal (27) and the earl of Kent (26), the king's uncle, made a peace between the king (15) and the earl of Lancaster (47), on whose part was sir Henry lord Beaumont (48), sir Fulke Fitz-Warin (43), sir Thomas Rocelin, sir William Trussel, sir Thomas Wither and about a hundred knights, who were all expelled out of England by the counsel of queen Isabel and the earl Mortimer : for he was so covetous, that he thought to have the most part of all their lands into his own hands, as it is more plainly shewed in the English chronicle, the which I pass over and follow mine author.

On 17 Mar 1328 Robert the Bruce (53) signed the Treaty of Edinburgh Northampton bringing to an end the First Scottish War of Independence. The English Parliament signed at Northampton on 03 May 1328. The terms of the Treaty included:.
Scotland to pay England £100,000 sterling,.
The Kingdom of Scotland as fully independent,.
Robert the Bruce (53), and his heirs and successors, as the rightful rulers of Scotland, and.
The border between Scotland and England as that recognised under the reign of Alexander III (1249–1286).
The Treaty lasted four years only being regarded by the English nobility as humiliating; the work of Edward's (15) mother Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (33) and Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (40) rather than King Edward (15). Two years after King Edward (15) commenced his personal reign he commenced the Second War of Scottish Independence in Aug 1332.

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed.
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle. .

Arrest of the Woodville Affinity

The History of King Richard the Third. 01 May 1483. And as soon as they came in his presence, they alighted down with all their company about them. To whom the Duke of Buckingham (28) said, "Go before, gentlemen and yeomen, keep your rooms." And thus in a goodly array, they came to the King (12) and, on their knees in very humble fashion, assuaged his Grace, who received them in very joyous and amiable manner, nothing earthly knowing nor mistrusting as yet. But even by and by, in his presence, they picked a quarrel with the Lord Richard Grey (26), the King’s other brother by his mother, saying that he, with the Lord Marquis (28) his brother and the Lord Rivers (43) his uncle, had planned to rule the King and the realm, and to set variance among the lords, and to subdue and destroy the noble blood of the realm. Toward the accomplishing whereof, they said that the Lord Marquis (28) had entered into the Tower of London, and thence taken out the King’s treasure, and sent men to the sea. All of which things, these dukes knew well, were done for good purposes and necessary ones by the whole council at London, except that they must say something.
Unto which words, the King (12) answered, "What my brother marquis (28) has done I cannot say. But in good faith I dare well answer for mine uncle Rivers (43) and my brother (26) here, that they be innocent of any such matters.".
"Yea, my Liege," said the Duke of Buckingham (28), "they have kept their dealing in these matters far from the knowledge of your good Grace.".
And forthwith they arrested the Lord Richard (26) and Sir Thomas Vaughan, knight, in the King’s (12) presence, and brought the King (12) and all back unto Northampton, where they took again further counsel. And there they sent away from the King (12) whomever it pleased them, and set new servants about him, such as liked them better than him. At which dealing he wept and was nothing content, but it remedied not. And at dinner the Duke of Gloucester (30) sent a dish from his own table to the Lord Rivers (43), praying him to be of good cheer, all should be well enough. And he thanked the Duke (30), and prayed the messenger to bear it to his nephew, the Lord Richard (26), with the same message for his comfort, who he thought had more need of comfort, as one to whom such adversity was foreign. But for himself, he had been all his days used to a life therewith, and therefore could bear it the better. But for all this comfortable courtesy of the Duke of Gloucester (30), he sent the Lord Rivers (43) and the Lord Richard (26) with Sir Thomas Vaughan into the north country to different places to prison and, afterwards, all to Pomfrait, where they were, in conclusion, beheaded..

In Oct 1509 Richard Empson 1450-1510 convicted at Northampton.

On 18 Jul 1553 Thomas Tresham -1559 proclaimed as queen Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) and accompanied her to London at Northampton.

In 1634 Thomas Cartwright Bishop of Chester 1634-1689 was born in Northampton.

In 1640 Samuel Parker Bishop of Oxford 1640-1688 was born in Northampton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 July. 11 Jul 1675. We heard the speeches, and saw the ceremony of creating doctors in Divinity, Law and Physic. I had, early in the morning, heard Dr. Morison, Botanic Professor, read on divers plants in the Physic Garden; and saw that rare collection of natural curiosities of Dr. Plot's, of Magdalen Hall, author of "The Natural History of Oxfordshire," all of them collected in that shire, and indeed extraordinary, that in one county there should be found such variety of plants, shells, stones, minerals, marcasites, fowls, insects, models of works, crystals, agates, and marbles. He was now intending to visit Staffordshire, and, as he had of Oxfordshire, to give us the natural, topical, political, and mechanical history. Pity it is that more of this industrious man's genius were not employed so to describe every county of England; it would be one of the most useful and illustrious works that was ever produced in any age or nation.
I visited also the Bodleian Library and my old friend, the learned Obadiah Walker (59), head of University College, which he had now almost rebuilt, or repaired. We then proceeded to Northampton, where we arrived the next day.
In this journey, went part of the way Mr. James Graham (26) (since Privy Purse to the Duke (41)), a young gentleman exceedingly in love with Mrs. Dorothy Howard (24), one of the maids of honor in our company. I could not but pity them both, the mother not much favoring it. This lady was not only a great beauty, but a most virtuous and excellent creature, and worthy to have been wife to the best of men. My advice was required, and I spoke to the advantage of the young gentleman, more out of pity than that she deserved no better match; for, though he was a gentleman of good family, yet there was great inequality.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

John Evelyn's Diary 1675 July. 14 Jul 1675. I went to see my Lord Sunderland's (33) Seat at Althorpe, four miles from the ragged town of Northampton (since burned, and well rebuilt). It is placed in a pretty open bottom, very finely watered and flanked with stately woods and groves in a park, with a canal, but the water is not running, which is a defect. The house, a kind of modern building, of freestone, within most nobly furnished; the apartments very commodious, a gallery and noble hall; but the kitchen being in the body of the house, and chapel too small, were defects. There is an old yet honorable gatehouse standing awry, and out-housing mean, but designed to be taken away. It was moated round, after the old manner, but it is now dry, and turfed with a beautiful carpet. Above all, are admirable and magnificent the several ample gardens furnished with the choicest fruit, and exquisitely kept. Great plenty of oranges, and other curiosities. The park full of fowl, especially herons, and from it a prospect to Holmby House, which being demolished in the late civil wars, shows like a Roman ruin shaded by the trees about it, a stately, solemn, and pleasing view.

Around 1680 Francis Brudenell 1680-1736 was born to Francis Brudenell 1654-1698 (26) at Northampton and Frances Savile 1658-1695 (22).

After 1685 Mary Brudenell Viscountess Molyneux 1683-1766 was born to Francis Brudenell 1654-1698 at Northampton and Frances Savile 1658-1695.

In Aug 1727 George Compton 6th Earl of Northampton 1692-1758 (35) was elected MP Northampton.

In 1761 Spencer Compton 8th Earl of Northampton 1738-1796 (22) was elected MP Northampton.

In 1780 George Rodney 2nd Baron Rodney 1753-1802 (26) was elected MP Northampton.

In 1782 Charles Bingham 1st Earl Lucan 1735-1799 (46) was elected MP Northampton.

Northampton Castle Northampton

Battle of Northampton

On 06 Apr 1264 the future Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (24), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion 1233-1291 (30) and Roger Leybourne 1215-1271 (49) fought for the King at Northampton Castle Northampton during the Battle of Northampton. Simon Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1208-1265 (56) fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort 1240-1271 (24) who was captured.

St Andrew's Priory Northampton

Around 1095 Simon Senlis 1st Earl of Northampton -1111 founded St Andrew's Priory Northampton.

Yardley Hastings Northampton

Norton

On 03 Feb 1271 William Zouche 1215-1271 (61) died at Norton.

In Jun 1602 Dudley Knightley 1583-1602 (19) died in Norton. He had been shot in the neck whilst in the defense of Ostend. Having returned home he "fell down wherwith a fever took him whereof he died.".

On 01 Sep 1615 Richard Knightley 1532-1615 (83) died in Norton. He was buried in St Mary's Church Fawsley.

All Saints Church Norton

Overstone

Pottersbury

Wakefield Lodge Pottersbury

On 04 Dec 1918 Augustus Charles Lennox Fitzroy 7th Duke Grafton 1821-1918 (97) died in Wakefield Lodge Pottersbury. His son Alfred Fitzroy 8th Duke Grafton 1850-1930 (68) succeeded 8th Duke Grafton 1C 1675, 8th Earl Euston, 8th Viscount Ipswich, 8th Baron Sudbury. Susanna Mary Mctaggart Stewart Duchess Grafton by marriage Duchess Grafton 1C 1675.

Rushton

On 11 Aug 1604 Anne Cockayne 1604-1668 was born to William Cockayne 1561-1626 (43) and Mary Morris Countess Dover -1648 in Rushton.

On 25 May 1668 Anne Cockayne 1604-1668 (63) died in Rushton.

All Saints Church Rushton

On 16 Mar 1559 Thomas Tresham -1559 was buried at All Saints Church Rushton.

Rushton Hall Rushton

In 1439 William Tresham -1450 bought at Rushton Hall Rushton.

Salcey Lawn

On 22 Aug 1839 Blanche Adeliza Fitzroy 1839-1933 was born to Henry Fitzroy 1806-1877 (33) in Salcey Lawn and Jane Elizabeth Beauclerk.

Selcey Forest

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 12 Dec 1461. Westminster. Grant for life to Richard Wydevill (56), lord of Ryvers, of the office of chief rider of the king's forest of Saucy. co Northampton, with all trees and profits, viz dry trees, dead trees, blown down, old hedges or copice-hedges, boughs fallen without date, cahettels, waifs, strays, pannage of swine, 'derefall wode', 'draenes' brushwood and brambles, prerquisites of courts, swainmote and other issues within the forest, from the time when he had he same by letters patent of Henry VI.

Sibbertoft

After 1544 Mary Ferrers 1487-1544 died at Sibbertoft.

Southwick

Church of St Mary Southwick

Spatton

Around 1609 Amphilis Twigden 1609-1654 was born to John Twigden 1570-1611 (39) and Anne Dickens 1582-1637 (27) at Spatton.

Stoke Albany

Around 1370 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley 1370-1414 was born to Thomas Ros 4th Baron Ros Helmsley 1335-1384 (34) and Beatrice Stafford Countess Desmond 1341-1415 (29) at Stoke Albany.

Stoke Brunerne

Around 1252 Eva Chaworth 1252-1300 was born at Stoke Brunerne.

Stoke Doyle

Church of St Rumbold Stoke Doyle

Stowe

On 09 Jun 1360 Gerard Lisle 1st Baron Lisle 1304-1360 (56) died at Stowe. On 09 Jun 1360 His son Warin Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle 1330-1382 (30) succeeded 2nd Baron Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire 3C 1357. Margaret Pipard Baroness Lisle 1323-1375 (37) by marriage Baroness Lisle of Kingston Lisle in Oxfordshire 3C 1357.

Sulby

In 1398 Ralph Hastings 1340-1398 (58) died at York Castle York. He was buried at Sulby.

Sulgrave

On 31 Jul 1621 Mary Washington 1555-1621 (66) died at Sulgrave.

Church of St James the Less Sulgrave

In 1619 Robert Washington 1544-1619 (75) died at Nether Boddington. He was buried at Church of St James the Less Sulgrave.

Sutton

On 23 Jan 1260 Stephen Longespée 1216-1260 (44) died at Sutton.

Thenford

Around 1372 Katherine Pavenham 1372-1436 was born to Laurence Pavenham 1335-1399 (37) at Thenford.

On 10 Jul 1399 Laurence Pavenham 1335-1399 (64) died at Thenford.

The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston

On or before 19 Jun 1608 Thomas Fuller Author 1608-1661 was born at The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston. He was baptised 19 Jun 1608.

On 19 Aug 1631 John Dryden Poet 1631-1700 was born in The Rectory Aldwincle Thrapston.

Titchmarsh

Around 1230 Maud Sydenham 1230-1288 was born to William Sydenham 1200-1233 (30) at Titchmarsh.

In 1289 John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 was born to John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (35) and Joan Ros Baroness Lovel 1260-1348 (29) at Titchmarsh.

Around 1310 Isabel Lovell 1310-1338 was born to John Lovell 2nd Baron Lovel 1289-1314 (21) and Maud Burnell Baroness Lovel 1290-1341 (20) at Titchmarsh.

In 1397 William Lovell 7th Baron Lovel 4th Baron Holand 1397-1455 was born to John Lovell 6th Baron Lovel 1375-1414 (22) at Titchmarsh.

On 01 Sep 1429 Eleanor Zouche Baroness Lovel 1365-1429 (64) died at Titchmarsh.

On 05 Aug 1466 Joan Beaumont Baroness Lovel 1435-1466 (31) died at Titchmarsh.

On 10 Feb 1474 Alice Deincourt Baroness Lovel Baroness Sudeley 1404-1474 (69) died at Titchmarsh. Her grandson Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (18) succeeded 7th Baron Deincourt 2C 1322, Baron Grey Rotherfield and the feudal baorny of Bedale.

Thrapston Titchmarsh

Before 27 Sep 1287 John Lovell 1222-1287 died at Thrapston Titchmarsh.

Towcester

In 1414 Peter Empson 1414-1473 was born at Towcester to Francis Empson 1390-1495 (24).

On 05 Dec 1510 Joan Empson 1480-1510 (30) died at Towcester.

Easton Neston

Around 1482 Richard Fermor 1482-1551 was born at Easton Neston.

On 17 Nov 1551 Richard Fermor 1482-1551 (69) died at Easton Neston.

In 1682 Thomas Chamberlayne 2nd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1682 (47) died at Easton Neston. His brother James Chamberlayne 3rd Baronet Chamberlayne 1635-1699 (46) succeeded 3rd Baronet Chamberlayne of Wickham in Oxfordshire.

Easton Newston House

John Evelyn's Diary 1691 March. 21 Mar 1691. Dined at Sir William Fermor's (42), who showed me many good pictures. After dinner, a French servant played rarely on the lute. Sir William (42) had now bought all the remaining statues collected with so much expense by the famous Thomas, Earl of Arundel, and sent them to his seat at Easton, near Towcester.

Wakerley

On 04 Sep 1633 Richard Cecil 1570-1633 (62) died. He was buried at Wakerley.

Walton

On 31 Jan 1785 Henry Pelham Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1785-1851 was born to Thomas Pelham Clinton 3rd Duke Newcastle under Lyne 1752-1795 (32) and Anna Maria Stanhope Countess Lincoln -1834 in Walton.

Warkton

St Edmund's Church Warkton

Weekley

On 21 Sep 1585 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (22) and Elizabeth Jeffrey 1568-1611 (17) were married at Weekley.

On 24 Feb 1612 Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (49) and Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (34) were married at Weekley.

In 1616 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (65). Portrait of (possibly) Frances Cotton 1578-1620 (38).

Weldon

In 1135 Osmund Basset 1104-1135 (31) died at Weldon.

Welford

Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford

On 10 Nov 1709 Richard Hastings 1645-1714 (64) and Goodith Smith 1659-1731 (50) were married at Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford.

Around Oct 1714 Richard Hastings 1645-1714 (69) was buried at Church of St Mary the Virgin Welford.

Whiston

Around 1376 William Catesby 1376- was born to John Catesby 1352-1405 (24) at Whiston.

Around 1402 John Catesby 1402-1479 was born to John Catesby 1378-1437 (24) at Whiston.

Around 1406 Edmund Catesby 1406-1474 was born to John Catesby 1378-1437 (28) at Whiston.

Around 1433 John Catesby 1433-1486 was born to Edmund Catesby 1406-1474 (27) at Whiston.

Around 1458 Humphrey Catesby 1458-1504 was born to John Catesby 1433-1486 (25) at Whiston.

In 1485 Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 was born to Thomas Pigot (7) at Whiston.

Around 1527 Dorothy Catesby 1527-1613 was born to Anthony Catesby 1500-1544 (27) and Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 (42) at Whiston.

In 1528 Wilburga Catesby 1528-1558 was born to Anthony Catesby 1500-1544 (28) and Isabel Pigot 1485-1550 (43) in Whiston.

Wigsthorpe

On 21 May 1559 Edmund Quincy 1559-1628 was born to John Quincy 1528-1597 (31) in Wigsthorpe.

In 1602 Edmund "The Puritan" Quincy 1602-1636 was born to Edmund Quincy 1559-1628 (42) at Wigsthorpe.

Winwick Manor

In 1541 Thomas Andrew of Winwick Manor Sheriff of 1541-1594 was born.

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Original Letters Illustrative of English History Second Series Volume III. Ellis notes that "the present narrative is from the Lansdowne MS. 51. art. 46. It is indorsed in Lord Burghley's hand, "8 Feb. 1586. The Manner of the Q. of Scotts death at Fodrynghay, wr. by Ro. Wy.
A Reporte of the manner of the execution of the Sc. Q. performed the viijth. of February, Anno 1586 [modern dating 1587] in the great hall of Fotheringhay, with relacion of speeches uttered and accions happening in the said execution, from the delivery of the said Sc. Q. to Mr Thomas Androwes Esquire Sherife of the County of Northampton unto the end of said execution..
THE READER shall now be presented with the Execution of the Queen of Scots (44) which was to the Court or three Statements of this Transaction were There was a Short one copies of which are Manuscripts Jul F vi foll 246 266 b and b Another a Copy of the Account of the Earl to the Lords of the Council dated on the day is MS Calig C ix fol 163 And there is a Office somewhat longer said to have been drawn evidently one of her servants present Narrative is from the Lansdowne MS in Lord Burghley s hand 8 Feb 1586 of Scotts death at Fodrynghay wr by Ro Wy Queen s death have been dressed up from writers but it is here given accurate and entire.
First, the said Scottish Queen, being carried by two of Sir Amias Paulett's (54) gentlemen, and the Sheriff (46) going before her, came most willingly out of her chamber into an entry next the Hall, at which place the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), commissioners for the execution, with the two governors of her person, and divers knights and gentlemen did meet her, where they found one of the Scottish Queen's servants, named Melvin [NOTE. Possibly Andrew Melville of Garvock Steward], kneeling on his knees, who uttered these words with tears to the Queen of Scots (44), his mistress, "Madam, it will be the sorrowfullest message that ever I carried, when I shall report that my Queen (44) and dear mistress is dead." Then the Queen of Scots, shedding tears, answered him, "You ought to rejoice rather than weep for that the end of Mary Stuart's (44) troubles is now come. Thou knowest, Melvin, that all this world is but vanity, and full of troubles and sorrows; carry this message from me, and tell my friends that I die a true woman to my religion, and like a true Scottish woman and a true Frenchwoman. But God forgive them that have long desired my end; and He that is the true Judge of all secret thoughts knoweth my mind, how that it ever hath been my desire to have Scotland and England united together. Commend me to my son, and tell him that I have not done anything that may prejudice his kingdom of Scotland; and so, good Melvin, farewell;" and kissing him, she bade him pray for her.
Then she (44) turned to the Lords and told them that she had certain requests to make unto them. One was for a sum of money, which she said Sir Amyas Paulet (54) knew of, to be paid to one Curle her servant; next, that all her poor servants might enjoy that quietly which by her Will and Testament she had given unto them; and lastly, that they might be all well entreated, and sent home safely and honestly into their countries. "And this I do conjure you, my Lords, to do.".
Answer was made by Sir Amyas Paulet (54), "I do well remember the money your Grace speaketh of, and your Grace need not to make any doubt of the not performance of your requests, for I do surely think they shall be granted.".
"I have," said she, "one other request to make unto you, my Lords, that you will suffer my poor servants to be present about me, at my death, that they may report when they come into their countries how I died a true woman to my religion.".
Then the Earl of Kent (46), one of the commissioners, answered, "Madam, it cannot well be granted, for that it is feared lest some of them would with speeches both trouble and grieve your Grace, and disquiet the company, of which we have had already some experience, or seek to wipe their napkins in some of your blood, which were not convenient." "My Lord," said the Queen of Scots, "I will give my word and promise for them that they shall not do any such thing as your Lordship has named. Alas! poor souls, it would do them good to bid me farewell. And I hope your Mistress (53), being a maiden Queen, in regard of womanhood, will suffer me to have some of my own people about me at my death. And I know she hath not given you so straight a commission, but that you may grant me more than this, if I were a far meaner woman than I am." And then (seeming to be grieved) with some tears uttered these words: "You know that I am cousin to your Queen (53) [NOTE. They were first-cousin once-removed], and descended from the blood of Henry the Seventh [NOTE. She was a Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509], a married Queen of France [NOTE. She had married Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560], and the anointed Queen of Scotland.".
Whereupon, after some consultation, they granted that she (44) might have some of her servants according to her Grace's request, and therefore desired her to make choice of half-a-dozen of her men and women: who presently said that of her men she would have Melvin, her apothecary, her surgeon, and one other old man beside; and of her women, those two that did use to lie in her chamber.
After this, she being supported by Sir Amias's (54) two gentlemen aforesaid, and Melvin carrying up her train, and also accompanied with the Lords, Knights, and Gentlemen aforenamed, the Sheriff (46) going before her, she passed out of the entry into the Great Hall, with her countenance careless, importing thereby rather mirth than mournful cheer, and so she willingly stepped up to the scaffold which was prepared for her in the Hall, being two feet high and twelve feet broad, with rails round about, hung and covered with black, with a low stool, long cushion, and block, covered with black also. Then, having the stool brought her, she sat her down; by her, on the right hand, sat the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), and on the left hand stood the Sheriff (46), and before her the two executioners; round about the rails stood Knights, Gentlemen, and others.
Then, silence being made, the Queen's Majesty's Commission for the execution of the Queen of Scots (44) was openly read by Mr. Beale, clerk of the Council (46); and these words pronounced by the Assembly, "God save the Queen." During the reading of which Commission the Queen of Scots (44) was silent, listening unto it with as small regard as if it had not concerned her at all; and with as cheerful a countenance as if it had been a pardon from her Majesty (53) for her life; using as much strangeness in word and deed as if she had never known any of the Assembly, or had been ignorant of the English language.
Then one Doctor Fletcher, Dean of Peterborough (42), standing directly before her, without the rail, bending his body with great reverence, began to utter this exhortation following: "Madam, the Queen's most excellent Majesty," &c, and iterating these words three or four times, she told him, "Mr. Dean (42), I am settled in the ancient Catholic Roman religion, and mind to spend my blood in defence of it." Then Mr. Dean (42) said: "Madam, change your opinion, and repent you of your former wickedness, and settle your faith only in Jesus Christ, by Him to be saved." Then she (44) answered again and again, "Mr. Dean (42), trouble not yourself any more, for I am settled and resolved in this my religion, and am purposed therein to die." Then the Earl of Shrewsbury (59) and the Earl of Kent (46), perceiving her (44) so obstinate, told her that since she would not hear the exhortation begun by Mr. Dean (42), "We will pray for your Grace, that it stand with God's will you may have your heart lightened, even at the last hour, with the true knowledge of God, and so die therein." Then she answered, "If you will pray for me, my Lords, I will thank you; but to join in prayer with you I will not, for that you and I are not of one religion.".
Then the Lords called for Mr. Dean (42), who, kneeling on the scaffold stairs, began this prayer, "O most gracious God and merciful Father," &c, all the Assembly, saving the Queen of Scots (44) and her servants, saying after him. During the saying of which prayer, the Queen of Scots (44), sitting upon a stool, having about her neck an Agnus Dei, in her hand a crucifix, at her girdle a pair of beads with a golden cross at the end of them, a Latin book in her hand, began with tears and with loud and fast voice to pray in Latin; and in the midst of her prayers she slided off from her stool, and kneeling, said divers Latin prayers; and after the end of Mr. Dean's (42) prayer, she kneeling, prayed in English to this effect: "For Christ His afflicted Church, and for an end of their troubles; for her son; and for the Queen's Majesty (53), that she might prosper and serve God aright." She conFessed that she hoped to be saved "by and in the blood of Christ, at the foot of whose Crucifix she would shed her blood." Then said the Earl of Kent (46), "Madam, settle Christ Jesus in your heart, and leave those trumperies." Then she little regarding, or nothing at all, his good counsel, went forward with her prayers, desiring that "God would avert His wrath from this Island, and that He would give her grief and forgiveness for her sins." These, with other prayers she made in English, saying she forgave her enemies with all her heart that had long sought her blood, and desired God to convert them to the truth; and in the end of the prayer she desired all saints to make intercession for her to Jesus Christ, and so kissing the crucifix, and crossing of her also, said these words: "Even as Thy arms, O Jesus, were spread here upon the Cross, so receive me into Thy arms of mercy, and forgive me all my sins.".
Her (44) prayer being ended, the executioners, kneeling, desired her Grace to forgive them her death; who answered, "I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles." Then they, with her two women, helping of her up, began to disrobe her of her apparel; she never changed her countenance, but with smiling cheer she uttered these words, "that she never had such grooms to make her unready, and that she never put off her clothes before such a company.".
Then she (44), being stripped of all her apparel saving her petticoat and kirtle, her two women beholding her made great lamentation, and crying and crossing themselves prayed in Latin; she (44), turning herself to them, embracing them, said these words in French, "Ne criez vous; j'ay promis pour vous;" and so crossing and kissing them, bade them pray for her, and rejoice and not weep, for that now they should see an end of all their mistress's (44) troubles. Then she, with a smiling countenance, turning to her men servants, as Melvin and the rest, standing upon a bench nigh the scaffold, who sometime weeping, sometime crying out aloud, and continually crossing themselves, prayed in Latin, crossing them with her hand bade them farewell; and wishing them to pray for her even until the last hour.
This done, one of the women having a Corpus Christi cloth lapped up three-corner ways, kissing it, put it over the Queen of Scots' (44) face, and pinned it fast to the caul of her head. Then the two women departed from her, and she (44) kneeling down upon the cushion most resolutely, and without any token or fear of death, she spake aloud this Psalm in Latin, "In te, Domine, confido, non confundar in eternum," &c. [Ps. xxv.]. Then, groping for the block, she laid down her head, Putting her chin over the block with both her hands, which holding there, still had been cut off, had they not been espied. Then lying upon the block most quietly, and stretching out her arms, cried, "In manus tuas, Domine," &c, three or four times. Then she (44) lying very still on the block, one of the executioners holding of her slightly with one of his hands, she (44) endured two strokes of the other executioner with an axe, she making very small noise or none at all, and not stirring any part of her from the place where she lay; and so the executioner cut off her head, saving one little grisle, which being cut asunder, he lifted up her head to the view of all the assembly, and bade "God save the Queen." Then her dressing of lawn falling off from her head, it appeared as grey as one of threescore and ten years old, polled very short, her face in a moment being so much altered from the form she had when she was alive, as few could remember her by her dead face. Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off.
Then Mr. Dean (42) said with a loud voice, "So perish all the Queen's enemies;" and afterwards the Earl of Kent (46) came to the dead body, and standing over it, with a loud voice said, "Such end of all the Queen's and the Gospel's enemies.".
Then one of the executioners pulling off her (44) garters, espied her little dog which was crept under her clothes, which could not be gotten forth but by force, yet afterward would not depart from the dead corpse, but came and lay between her head and her shoulders, which being imbrued with her blood, was carried away and washed, as all things else were that had any blood was either burned or clean washed; and the executioners sent away with money for their fees, not having any one thing that belonged unto her. And so, every man being commanded out of the Hall, except the Sheriff (46) and his men, she was carried by them up into a great chamber lying ready for the surgeons to embalm her.

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Mary Queen of Scots 1542-1587 (33).

After 1585 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1560 François Clouet Painter 1510-1572 (50). Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560 (15).

1572. After François Clouet Painter 1510-1572 (62). Portrait of Francis II King France King Consort Scotland 1544-1560.

On 23 May 1594 Thomas Andrew of Winwick Manor Sheriff of 1541-1594 (53) died at Winwick Manor.

Wollaston

In 1426 Benedicta Babington 1368-1426 (58) died at Wollaston.

Woodford

On 22 Aug 1759 Andrew St John 14th Baron St John Bletso 1759-1817 was born to John St John 12th Baron St John Bletso 1725-1767 (33) at Woodford.