Twenty Trees

email@twentytrees.co.uk

History of Surrey

Surrey is in Home Counties

In 1615 Charles Howard 1615-1672 was born to Francis Howard 1585-1651 (29) and Jane Monson 1588-1685 (27) at Surrey.

On 20 Mar 1672 Charles Howard 1615-1672 (57) died at Surrey.

Addington

On 14 Mar 1612 Oliph Leigh 1559-1612 (52) died. He was buried the following day at Addington.

On or before 28 Jun 1631 Jane Browne of Betchworth Castle -1631 died. She was buried at Addington.

On 13 Dec 1644 Francis Leigh of Addington 1590-1644 (54) died. He was buried 17 Dec 1644 at Addington.

Albury

Albury House

John Evelyn's Diary 1641 November. 07 Nov 1641. After receiving the Sacrament at Wotton church, I visited my Lord Marshal (56) at Albury.

John Evelyn's Diary 1648 September. 28 Sep 1648. I went to Albury, to visit the Countess of Arundel (38), and returned to Wotton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1649 February. 26 Feb 1649. Came to see me Captain George Evelyn, my kinsman, the great traveler, and one who believed himself a better architect than really he was; witness the portico in the Garden at Wotton; yet the great room at Albury is somewhat better understood. He had a large mind, but over-built everything.

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 August. 10 Aug 1655. To Albury, to visit Mr. Howard (27), who had begun to build, and alter the gardens much. He showed me many rare pictures, particularly the Moor on horseback; Erasmus, as big as the life, by Holbein; a Madonna, in miniature, by Oliver; but, above all, the skull, carved in wood, by Albert Durer, for which his father was offered £100; also Albert's head, by himself, with divers rare agates, intaglios, and other curiosities.

John Evelyn's Diary 1667 September. 19 Sep 1667. To London, with Mr. Henry Howard (39), of Norfolk, of whom I obtained the gift of his Arundelian marbles, those celebrated and famous inscriptions, Greek and Latin, gathered with so much cost and industry from Greece, by his illustrious grandfather, the magnificent Earl of Arundel, my noble friend while he lived. When I saw these precious. Monuments miserably neglected, and scattered up and down about the garden, and other parts of Arundel House, and how exceedingly the corrosive air of London impaired them, I procured him to bestow them on the University of Oxford. This he was pleased to grant me; and now gave me the key of the gallery, with leave to mark all those stones, urns, altars, etc., and whatever I found had inscriptions on them, that were not statues. This I did; and getting them removed and piled together, with those which were incrusted in the garden walls, I sent immediately letters to the Vice-Chancellor of what I had procured, and that if they esteemed it a service to the University (of which I had been a member), they should take order for their transportation.
This done 21st, I accompanied Mr. Howard (39) to his villa at Albury, where I designed for him the plot of his canal and garden, with a crypt through the hill.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 September. 23 Sep 1670. To Albury, to see how that garden proceeded, which I found exactly done to the design and plot I had made, with the crypta through the mountain in the park, thirty perches in length. Such a Pausilippe [Note. A word created by Evelyn meaning an underground passage.] is nowhere in England. The canal was now digging, and the vineyard planted.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 August. 05 Aug 1687. I went to see Albury, now purchased by Mr. Finch (38) (the King's Solicitor and son to the late Lord Chancellor); I found the garden which I first designed for the Duke of Norfolk, nothing improved.

Ashford

On 28 Jul 1758 George Henry Hay 8th Earl Kinnoull 1689-1758 (69) died in Ashford. His son Thomas Hay 9th Earl Kinnoul 1710-1787 (48) succeeded 9th Earl Kinnoull.

Ashtead

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 May. 10 May 1684. I went to visite my brother in Surrey. Call'd by the way at Ashted, where Sr Rob Howard (58) (Auditor of the Exchequer) entertain'd me very civilly at his new built house, which stands in a Park on the Downe, the avenue South ; tho' downe hill to the house, which is not greate, but with the outhouses very convenient. The stairecase is painted by Verrio (48) with the storie of Astrea; amongst other figures is the Picture of the Painter himselfe, and not unlike him ; the rest is well done, onely the columns did not at all please me ; there is also Sir Robert's own Picture in an oval ; the whole in fresca. The place has this greate defect, that there is no water but what is drawn up by horses from a very deepe well.

Ashtead House Surrey

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 July. 19 Jul 1687. I went to Wotton. In the way, I dined at Ashted, with my Baroness Mordaunt (65).

Bagshot

Bagshot Manor Bagshot

Around 27 Mar 1534 Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (66) died at Bagshot Manor Bagshot.

Bagshot Park Bagshot

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 October. 22 Oct 1685. I accompanied my Lady Clarendon to her house at Swallowfield in Berks, dining by the way at Mr. Graham's (36) lodge at Bagshot; the house, new repair'd and capacious enough for a good family, stands in a Park. Hence we went to Swallowfield; this house is after the antient build ing of honourable gentlemen's houses, when they kept up antient hospitality, but the gardens and waters as elegant as 'tis possible to make a flat, by art and industrie, and no meane expence, my lady being so extraordinarily skill'd in ye flowery part, and my lord in diligence of planting; so that I have hardly seene a seate whrch shews more tokens of it than what is to be found here, not only in the delicious and rarest fruits of a garden, but in those innumerable timber trees in the ground about the seate, to the greatest ornament and benefit of the place. There is one orchard of 1000 golden, and other cider pippins; walks and groves of elms, limes, oaks, and other trees. The garden is so beset with all manner of sweete shrubbs, that it per fumes the aire. The distribution also of the quarters, walks, and parterres, is excellent. The nurseries, kitchin garden full of ye most desireable plants; two very noble Orangeries well furnished; but above all, the canall and fishponds, the one fed with a white, the other with a black running water, fed by a quick and swift river, so well and plen tifully stor'd with fish, that for pike, carp, breame and tench, I never saw any thing approching it. We had at every meale carp and pike of size fit for the table of a Prince, and what added to ye delight was to see the hundreds taken by the drag, out of which, the cooke standing by, we pointed out what we had most mind to, and had carp that would have ben worth at London twenty shillings a piece. The waters are flagg'd about with Calamus aromaticus, with wch my lady has hung a closet, that retains the smell very perfectly. There is also a certaine sweete willow and other exotics : also a very fine bowllng-greene, meadow, pasture, and wood; in a word, all that can render a country seate delightful. There is besides a well furnish'd library in ye house.

On 30 Nov 1834 William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1776-1834 (58) died at Bagshot Park Bagshot. He was buried at St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

On 16 Jan 1942 Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (91) died at Bagshot Park Bagshot. His grandson Alastair Windsor 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1914-1943 (27) succeeded 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn.

1937. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937 (67). Portrait of Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (86).

In 1908 John Singer Sargent Painter 1856-1925 (51). Portrait of Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn 1850-1942 (57).

Banstead

Before 05 May 1243 Hubert Burgh Count Mortain 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 died at Banstead. He was buried at Blackfriars Church Holborn.

Battersea

On 09 Apr 1632 Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick 1611-1659 (20) and Anne Cavendish Countess Warwick 1611-1638 (21) were married at Battersea. Anne Cavendish Countess Warwick 1611-1638 (21) by marriage Countess Warwick 3C 1618.

In 1850 Thomas Denman Sculptor 1790-1861 was living in Battersea in reduced circumstances.

Beddington

In May 1356 Nicholas Carew 1356-1432 was born to Nicholas Carew 1322-1390 (34) in Beddington.

In 1405 Nicholas Carew 1405-1458 was born to Nicholas Carew 1356-1432 (48) at Beddington.

On 04 Sep 1432 Nicholas Carew 1356-1432 (76) died in Beddington.

On 20 Apr 1458 Nicholas Carew 1405-1458 (53) died at Beddington.

In 1469 Richard Carew 1469-1520 was born to James Carew 1445-1493 (24) and Eleanor Hoo at Beddington.

In 1493 James Carew 1445-1493 (48) died at Beddington.

On 23 May 1520 Richard Carew 1469-1520 (51) died at Beddington.

In 1586 Thomas Gorges of Longford Castle 1536-1610 (50) was knighted at Beddington.

In Jun 1603 Nicholas Carew -1644 was knighted at Beddington.

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. 21 Oct 1632. My eldest sister (18) was married to Edward Darcy, Esq, who little deserved so excellent a person, a woman of so rare virtue. I was not present at the nuptials; but I was soon afterward sent for into Surrey, and my father (45) would willingly have weaned me from my fondness of my too indulgent grandmother, intending to have placed me at Eton College; but, not being so provident for my own benefit, and unreasonably terrified with the report of the severe discipline there, I was sent back to Lewes; which perverseness of mine I have since a thousand times deplored. This was the first time that ever my parents had seen all their children together in prosperity. While I was now trifling at home, I saw London, where I lay one night only. The next day, I dined at Beddington, where I was much delighted with the gardens and curiosities. Thence, we returned to the Baroness Darcy's (18), at Sutton; thence to Wotton; and, on the 16th of August following, 1633, back to Lewes.

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 September. 27 Sep 1658. To Beddington, that ancient seat of the Carews, a fine old hall, but a scambling house, famous for the first orange garden in England, being now overgrown trees, planted in the ground, and secured in winter with a wooden tabernacle and stoves. This seat is rarely watered, lying low, and environed with good pastures. The pomegranates bear here. To the house is also added a fine park. Thence, to Carshalton, excellently watered, and capable of being made a most delicious seat, being on the sweet downs, and a champaign about it full planted with walnut and cherry trees, which afford a considerable rent.
Riding over these downs, and discoursing with the shepherds, I found that digging about the bottom near Sir Christopher Buckle's, near Banstead, divers medals have been found, both copper and silver, with foundations of houses, urns, etc. Here, indeed, anciently stood a city of the Romans. See Antonine's "Itineraries.".

John Evelyn's Diary 1700. 20 Sep 1700. I went to Beddington, the ancient seat of the Carews, in my remembrance a noble old structure, capacious, and in form of the buildings of the age of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and proper for the old English hospitality, but now decaying with the house itself, heretofore adorned with ample gardens, and the first orange trees that had been seen in England, planted in the open ground, and secured in winter only by a tabernacle of boards and stoves removable in summer, that, standing 120 years, large and goodly trees, and laden with fruit, were now in decay, as well as the grotto, fountains, cabinets, and other curiosities in the house and abroad, it being now fallen to a child under age, and only kept by a servant or two from utter dilapidation. The estate and park about it also in decay.

Carew Manor Beddington

Around 1445 James Carew 1445-1493 was born to Nicholas Carew 1405-1458 (40) and Margaret Fiennes at Carew Manor Beddington.

St Mary's Church Beddington

In Feb 1644 Nicholas Carew -1644 died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Beddington.

Bletchingley

Before 1516 Richard "The Great Black Knight of the North" Cholmondeley 1515-1563 was born at Bletchingley.

In 1625 Thomas Gresham 1547-1630 (78) was elected MP Bletchingly.

John Evelyn's Diary 1643 November. 06 Nov 1643. Lying by the way from Wotton at Sir Ralph Whitfield's, at Blechingley (whither both my brothers had conducted me), I arrived at London on the 7th, and two days after took boat at the Tower-wharf, which carried me as far as Sittingbourne, though not without danger, I being only in a pair of oars, exposed to a hideous storm: but it pleased God that we got in before the peril was considerable. From thence, I went by post to Dover, accompanied with one Mr. Thicknesse, a very dear friend of mine.

Diary of Isabella Twysden 1645. My nan went with my Servt whitfield into the contry to blechinly July 17.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 July. 03 Jul 1677. I sealed the deeds of sale of the manor of Blechingley to Sir Robert Clayton (48), for payment of Lord Peterborough's (55) debts, according to the trust of the Act of Parliament.

In 1685 Ambrose Browne 1659-1688 (25) was elected MP Bletchingly.

In Feb 1789 Benjamin Hobhouse 1st Baronet Hobhouse 1757-1831 (32) was elected MP Bletchingly.

Marden Park

John Evelyn's Diary 1700. 13 Jul 1700. I went to Harden, which was originally a barren warren bought by Sir Robert Clayton (71), who built there a pretty house, and made such alteration by planting not only an infinite store of the best fruit; but so changed the natural situation of the hill, valleys, and solitary mountains about it, that it rather represented some foreign country, which would produce spontaneously pines, firs, cypress, yew, holly, and juniper; they were come to their perfect growth, with walks, mazes, etc., among them, and were preserved with the utmost care, so that I who had seen it some years before in its naked and barren condition, was in admiration of it. The land was bought of Sir John Evelyn, of Godstone, and was thus improved for pleasure and retirement by the vast charge and industry of this opulent citizen. He and his lady received us with great civility. The tombs in the church at Croydon of Archbishops Grindal, Whitgift, and other Archbishops, are fine and venerable; but none comparable to that of the late Archbishop Sheldon, which, being all of white marble, and of a stately ordinance and carvings, far surpassed the rest, and I judge could not cost less than £700 or £800.

Box Hill

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 August. 27 Aug 1655. I went to Boxhill, to see those rare natural bowers, cabinets, and shady walks in the box copses: hence we walked to Mickleham, and saw Sir F. Stidolph's seat, environed with elm trees and walnuts innumerable, and of which last he told us they received a considerable revenue. Here are such goodly walks and hills shaded with yew and box, as render the place extremely agreeable, it seeming from these evergreens to be summer all the winter.

Brockham

Betchworth Brockham

Betchworth Castle

In 1402 Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 was born at Betchworth Castle.

Around 1433 William Browne 1433-1506 was born to Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (31) and Eleanor Fitzalan at Betchworth Castle.

In 1440 George Browne 1440-1483 was born to Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (38) and Eleanor Fitzalan at Betchworth Castle.

On 29 Jun 1443 Anthony Browne 1443-1506 was born to Thomas Browne Lord Treasurer Lord Chancellor 1402-1460 (41) and Eleanor Fitzalan at Betchworth Castle.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 October. 15 Oct 1654. To Betchworth Castle, to Sir Ambrose Browne, and other gentlemen of my sweet and native country.

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 August. 18 Aug 1658. To Sir Ambrose Browne, at Betchworth Castle, in that tempestuous wind which threw down my greatest trees at Sayes Court, and did so much mischief all over England. It continued the whole night; and, till three in the afternoon of the next day, in the southwest, and destroyed all our winter fruit.

Brookwood

Byfleet

On 06 May 1548 Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (48) died at Byfleet. He was buried at Senlac Hill Hastings East Sussex.

John Evelyn's Diary 1678 August. 24 Aug 1678. I went to see my Lord of St. Alban's (73) house, at Byfleet, an old, large building. Thence, to the papermills, where I found them making a coarse white paper. They cull the rags which are linen for white paper, woolen for brown; then they stamp them in troughs to a pap, with pestles, or hammers, like the powder mills, then put it into a vessel of water, in which they dip a frame closely wired with wire as small as a hair and as close as a weaver's reed; on this they take up the pap, the superfluous water draining through the wire; this they dexterously turning, shake out like a pancake on a smooth board between two pieces of flannel, then press it between a great press, the flannel sucking out the moisture; then, taking it out, they ply and dry it on strings, as they dry linen in the laundry; then dip it in alum water, lastly, polish and make it up in quires. They put some gum in the water in which they macerate the rags. The mark we find on the sheets is formed in the wire.
25 Aug 1678. After evening prayer, visited Mr. Sheldon (nephew to the late Archbishop of Canterbury), and his pretty melancholy garden; I took notice of the largest arbor thuyris I had ever seen. The place is finely watered, and there are many curiosities of India, shown in the house.
There was at Weybridge the Duchess of Norfolk (35), Lord Thomas Howard (a worthy and virtuous gentleman, with whom my son (23) was sometime bred in Arundel House), who was newly come from Rome, where he had been some time; also one of the Duke's daughters, by his first lady. My Lord (50) leading me about the house made no scruple of showing me all the hiding places for the Popish priests, and where they said mass, for he was no bigoted Papist. He told me he never trusted them with any secret, and used Protestants only in all businesses of importance.
I went this evening with my Lord Duke (50) to Windsor, where was a magnificent Court, it being the first time of his Majesty's (48) removing thither since it was repaired.

Around 1675 Mary Beale 1582 1625 aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (41). Portrait of Lady Norwich. Probably Jane Bickerton Duchess Norfolk 1643-1693 (32) who married the Duke around 1675 being his mistress prior to their marriage.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Camberwell

In 1653 William Parr Vicar 1617-1691 (36) was appointed Vicar of Camberwell.

John Evelyn's Diary 1657 September. 01 Sep 1657. I visited Sir Edmund Bowyer, at his melancholy seat at Camberwell. He has a very pretty grove of oaks, and hedges of yew in his garden, and a handsome row of tall elms before his court.

John Evelyn's Diary 1681 October. 02 Oct 1681. I went to Camberwell, where that good man Dr. Parr (late chaplain to Archbishop Usher) preached on Acts xvi. 30.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 October. 27 Oct 1685. At the Royal Society an Urn full of bones was presented, dug up in an highway, whilst repairing it, in a field in Camberwell in Surrey; it was found intire with its cover, amongst many others, be liev'd to be truly Roman and antient. Sir Richd Bulkeley described to us a model of a charriot he had invented, wch it was not possible to overthrow in whatever uneven way it was drawn, giving us a wonderfull relation of what it had perform'd in that kind, for ease, expedition, and safety; there were some incon veniencies yet to be remedied — it would not contain more than one person; was ready to take fire every 10 miles, and being plac'd, and playing on no fewer than 10 rollers, it made a most prodigious noise, almost intolerable. A remedy was to be sought for these inconveniencies.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 April. 18 Apr 1686. In the afternoone I went to Camberwell to visit Dr. Parr (69). After sermon I accompanied him (69) to his house, where he shew'd me the Life and Letters of the late learned Primate of Armagh (Usher), and among them that letter of Bp. Bramhal's to the Primate, giving notice of the Popish practices to pervert this Nation, by sending an hundred priests into England, who were to conforme themselves to all sectaries and conditions for the more easily dispersing their doctrine amongst us. This letter was the cause of yfc whole impression being seiz'd, upon pretence that it was a political or historical account of things not re lating to theology, tho' it had ben licens'd by ye Bishop; which plainely shew'd what an interest the Papists now had, that a Protestant booke, containing the life and le'tters of so eminent a man, was not to be pub lish'd. There were also many letters to and from most of ye learned persons his correspondents in Europe. The book will, I doubt not, struggle through this unjust impediment. Several Judges were put out, and new complying ones put in.

Saint Giles Church

On or before 03 Jun 1685 Thomas Bond 1st Baronet 1620-1685 (65) died. He was buried 03 Jun 1685 at Saint Giles Church.

Cheam

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 September. 26 Sep 1658. Mr. King preached at Ashted, on Proverbs xv. 24; a Quaker would have disputed with him. In the afternoon, we heard Dr. Hacket (66) (since Bishop of Litchfield) at Cheam, where the family of the Lumleys lie buried.

Lumley Chapel Cheam

On 27 Jul 1578 Jane Fitzalan Baroness Lumley 1537-1578 (41) died. He was buried at Lumley Chapel Cheam.

Nonsuch Park Cheam

Nonsuch Palace Nonsuch Park Cheam

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 January. Mr. Packer's, and took an exact view of the plaster statues and bass-relievos inserted between the timbers and puncheons of the outside walls of the Court; which must needs have been the work of some celebrated Italian. I much admired how they had lasted so well and entire since the time of Henry VIII., exposed as they are to the air; and pity it is they are not taken out and preserved in some dry place; a gallery would become them. There are some mezzo-relievos as big as the life; the story is of the Heathen Gods, emblems, compartments, etc. The palace consists of two courts, of which the first is of stone, castle like, by the Lord Lumleys (of whom it was purchased), the other of timber, a Gothic fabric, but these walls incomparably beautiful. I observed that the appearing timber-puncheons, entrelices, etc., were all so covered with scales of slate, that it seemed carved in the wood and painted, the slate fastened on the timber in pretty figures, that has, like a coat of armor, preserved it from rotting. There stand in the garden two handsome stone pyramids, and the avenue planted with rows of fair elms, but the rest of these goodly trees, both of this and of Worcester Park adjoining, were felled by those destructive and avaricious rebels in the late war, which defaced one of the stateliest seats his Majesty had.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (57) left at Nonsuch Palace Nonsuch Park Cheam to commence her Royal Progress. She travelled south to Mansion House Leatherhead ; the home of Edmund Tilney 1536-1610 (55).

In Sep 1599  when the Queen (65) moved her Court to Nonsuch Palace Nonsuch Park Cheam. Margaret Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall 1573-1599 (26) returned to her childhood home of Ordsall Hall where her condition continued to deteriorate.

Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

On 28 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) presented himself to Elizabeth (66) in her bedchamber at Nonsuch Palace Nonsuch Park Cheam where he found the queen newly up, the hair about her face. Elizabeth had just a simple robe over her nightdress, her wrinkled skin was free of cosmetics and, without her wig. Essex saw her bald head with just wisps of thinning grey hair 'hanging about her ears'. The Queen confined the Earl to his rooms with the comment that "an unruly beast must be stopped of his provender.".

Great Plague of London

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 January. 03 Jan 1666. I supped in Nonesuch House, whither the office of the Exchequer was transferred during the plague, at my good friend.

Chertsey

On 01 Jul 1175 Reginald de Dunstanville Fitzroy 1st Earl Cornwall 1110-1175 (65) died at Chertsey. He was buried at Reading Abbey.

Chertsey Abbey

In 989 Aelfstan aka Lyfing Unknown Archbishop of Canterbury -1020 was appointed Abbot Chertsey Abbey.

Chobham Place

Clapham

John Evelyn's Diary 1679 July. 22 Jul 1679. Dined at Clapham, at Sir D. Gauden's; went thence with him to Windsor, to assist him in a business with his Majesty (49). I lay that night at Eton College, the Provost's lodgings (Dr. Craddock), where I was courteously entertained.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1700. 23 Sep 1700. I went to visit Mr. Pepys (67) at Clapham, where he has a very noble and wonderfully well-furnished house, especially with Indian and Chinese curiosities. The offices and gardens well accommodated for pleasure and retirement.

In 1703 Henry Cheere 1st Baronet St Margaret's Sculptor 1703-1781 was born in Clapham.

Gauden House Clapham

John Evelyn's Diary 1692 July. 25 Jul 1692. To Mr. Hewer's (50) at Clapham, where he has an excellent, useful, and capacious house on the Common, built by Sir Den. Gauden, and by him sold to Mr. Hewer, who got a very considerable estate in the Navy, in which, from being Mr. Pepys's (59) clerk, he came to be one of the principal officers, but was put out of all employment on the Revolution, as were all the best officers, on suspicion of being no friends to the change; such were put in their places, as were most shamefully ignorant and unfit. Mr. Hewer (50) lives very handsomely and friendly to everybody. Our fleet was now sailing on their long pretense of a descent on the French coast; but, after having sailed one hundred leagues, returned, the admiral and officers disagreeing as to the place where they were to land, and the time of year being so far spent,—to the great dishonor of those at the helm, who concerted their matters so indiscreetly, or, as some thought, designedly.
This whole summer was exceedingly wet and rainy, the like had not been known since the year 1648; while in Ireland they had not known so great a drought.

Croydon

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. 09 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Dover. To Alice, late wife of Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England. Order to meet the king at Dover on his return from France with his consort about Sunday next after the Feast of the Purification of St Mary. Witnessed by Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).
The like to:.
Elizabeth, countess of Hereford and Essex (25).
Henry de Lancastre (27).
Robert de Monte Alto.
Almaric de Sancto Amando[Ibid].
To R Archbishop of Canterbury (63). Order to attend the king's coronaion on Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine [14 Feb] at Westminster, to execute what pertains to his office.
To the Sheriff of Surrey. Order to proclaim in market towns, etc., that no knight, esquire, or other shall, under pain of forfeiture, pressure to tourney or make jousts or bordices (torneare, justos seu burdseicas facere), or otherwise go armed at Croydon or elsewhere before the king's coronation.

On 02 Sep 1600 Francis Howard 1540-1600 (60) died at Croydon.

Addiscombe

John Evelyn's Diary 1695 September. 29 Sep 1695. Very cold weather. Sir Purbeck Temple, uncle to my son Draper, died suddenly. A great funeral at Addiscombe. His lady being own aunt to my son Draper, he hopes for a good fortune, there being no heir. There had been a new meeting of the commissioners about Greenwich Hospital, on the new commission, where the Lord Mayor, etc. appeared, but I was prevented by indisposition from attending. The weather very sharp, winter approaching apace. The King (44) went a progress into the north, to show himself to the people against the elections, and was everywhere complimented, except at Oxford, where it was not as he expected, so that he hardly stopped an hour there, and having seen the theater, did not receive the banquet proposed. I dined with Dr. Gale (60) at St. Paul's school, who showed me many curious passages out of some ancient Platonists' MSS. concerning the Trinity, which this great and learned person would publish, with many other rare things, if he was encouraged, and eased of the burden of teaching.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Thomas Gale Scholar 1635-1702 (54).

John Evelyn's Diary 1700. 13 Mar 1700. I was at the funeral of my Lady Temple, who was buried at Islington, brought from Addiscombe, near Croydon. She left my son-in-law Draper (her nephew) the mansion house of Addiscombe, very nobly and completely furnished, with the estate about it, with plate and jewels, to the value in all of about £20,000. She was a very prudent lady, gave many great legacies, with £500 to the poor of Islington, where her husband, Sir Purbeck Temple, was buried, both dying without issue.

John Evelyn's Diary 1702. 27 Jun 1702. I went to Wotton with my family for the rest of the summer, and my son-in-law, Draper, with his family, came to stay with us, his house at Addiscombe being new-building, so that my family was above thirty. Most of the new Parliament were chosen of Church of England principles, against the peevish party. The Queen (37) was magnificently entertained at Oxford and all the towns she passed through on her way to Bath.

In 1703 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711 (43). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (37).

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman Painter 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714.

In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (20).

Around 1705. Michael Dahl Painter 1659-1743 (46). Portrait of Queen Anne of England Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 (39).

John Evelyn's Diary 1703. 11 Jul 1703. I went to Addiscombe, sixteen miles from Wotton, to see my son-in-law's new house, the outside, to the coving, being such excellent brickwork, based with Portland stone, with the pilasters, windows, and within, that I pronounced it in all the points of good and solid architecture to be one of the very best gentlemen's houses in Surrey, when finished. I returned to Wotton in the evening, though weary.

Croydon Palace

On 25 Nov 1718 Elizabeth Tulse 1661-1718 (57) died at Croydon Palace.

Around 1680 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Elizabeth Tulse 1661-1718 (19).

Halling House

On 21 Oct 1585 Francis Howard 1585-1651 was born to Francis Howard 1540-1600 (45) and Frances Gouldwell at Halling House.

Dorking

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. The distance from London little more than twenty miles, and yet so securely placed, as if it were one hundred; three miles from Dorking, which serves it abundantly with provision as well of land as sea; six from Guildford, twelve from Kingston. I will say nothing of the air, because the pre-eminence is universally given to Surrey, the soil being dry and sandy; but I should speak much of the gardens, fountains, and groves that adorn it, were they not as generally known to be among the most natural, and (till this later and universal luxury of the whole nation, since abounding in such expenses) the most magnificent that England afforded; and which indeed gave one of the first examples to that elegancy, since so much in vogue, and followed in the managing of their waters, and other elegancies of that nature. Let me add, the contiguity of five or six manors, the patronage of the livings about it, and what Themistocles pronounced for none of the least advantages—the good neighborhood. All which conspire here to render it an honorable and handsome royalty, fit for the present possessor, my worthy brother, and his noble lady, whose constant liberality gives them title both to the place and the affections of all that know them. Thus, with the poet:.
Nescio quâ natale solum dulcedine cunctos.
Ducit, et immemores non sinit esse sui.

In 1599 Christopher Hussey 1599-1686 was born to John Hussey -1632 and Mary Wood at Dorking.

Before 24 May 1632 John Hussey -1632 died. On 24 May 1632 John Hussey -1632 was buried at Dorking.

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 August. 01 Aug 1655. I went to Dorking, to see Mr. Charles Howard's (26) amphitheater, garden, or solitary recess, being fifteen acres environed by a hill. He showed us divers rare plants, caves, and an elaboratory.

In Jul 1688 Ambrose Browne 1659-1688 (29) died. On 24 Jul 1688 Ambrose Browne 1659-1688 (29) was buried at Dorking.

Deepdene House

John Evelyn's Diary 1664 August. 09 Aug 1664. Went with my brother Richard (41) to Wotton, to visit and comfort my disconsolate brother (47); and on the 13th saw my friend, Mr. Charles Howard, at Dipden, near Dorking.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 September. 13 Sep 1670. To visit Sir Richard Lashford, my kinsman, and Mr. Charles Howard (40), at his extraordinary garden, at Deepden.

Ockley Dorking

On 23 Aug 1420 Thomas Hoo 1370-1420 (50) died at Ockley Dorking.

Westcott Dorking

On 12 Aug 1233 Eleanor Vitre Countess Salisbury 1158-1233 (75) died in Westcott Dorking.

East Clandon

East Horsley

On 30 Mar 1547 Henry Knyvet of Charlton Wiltshire 1510-1547 (37) died at East Horsley.

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

After 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland arrived at East Horsley where she stayed with Thomas Cornwallis 1518-1604.

East Molesey

In 1886 Esmond Burton Sculptor 1886-1964 was born at East Molesey.

On 14 Jan 1952 Florence Elisabeth "Anthi" Laing 1854-1952 (98) died at East Molesey.

1925. Philip de László Painter 1869-1937 (55). Portrait of Florence Elisabeth "Anthi" Laing 1854-1952 (71).

Effingham

On 03 Mar 1564 Elizabeth Howard Countess Carrick 1564-1646 was born to Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (28) and Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603 (14) at Effingham. Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (30) was her Godmother.

Elmbridge

Walton on Thames Elmbridge

On 31 Jan 1603 the will of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (68) was proved. He asked to be buried in St George's Church Esher. He appointed his son Francis Drake -1634 as his executor. He left his widow Ursula Stafford 1553- the lease on the manor of Walton on Thames Elmbridge, as well as a house on Fetter Lane and his coach and horses.

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42). The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:.
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon.
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash.
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash.
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash.
5: Barry of seven argent and sable.
6: Azure, six lions rampant argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde.
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash); Esse or Ash of Ash.

Epsom

On 31 Aug 1701 Edward Henry Calvert 1701-1730 was born to Benedict Calvert 4th Baron Baltimore 1679-1715 (22) and Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (22) at Epsom.

On 19 Jul 1703 Jane Calvert 1703-1778 was born to Benedict Calvert 4th Baron Baltimore 1679-1715 (24) and Charlotte Lee Baroness Baltimore 1679-1721 (24) at Epsom.

On 28 Jun 1716 George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (50) died at Epsom without legitimate issue. Duke Northumberland 2C 1683, Earl of Northumberland 4C 1674 extinct.

Carshalton Epsom

Sibylle Flanders -1223 was born to Guillaume Flanders 1088-1130 at Carshalton Epsom.

Durdans

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 August. 14 Aug 1658. We went to Durdans [at Epsom] to a challenged match at bowls for £10, which we won.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 September. 01 Sep 1662. Being invited by Lord Berkeley (34), I went to Durdans, where dined his Majesty (32), the Queen (23), Duke, Duchess (25), Prince Rupert (42), Prince Edward, and abundance of noblemen. I went, after dinner, to visit my brother (45) of Woodcot, my sister having been delivered of a son a little before, but who had now been two days dead.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (57). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (13).

Around 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (23).

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

John Evelyn's Diary 1664 February. 24 Feb 1664. My Lord George Berkeley (36), of Durdans, and Sir Samuel Tuke (49) came to visit me. We went on board Sir William Petty's (40) double-bottomed vessel, and so to London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 August. 04 Aug 1665. I went to Wotton with my Son and his tutor, Mr. Bohun, Fellow of New College (recommended to me by Dr. Wilkins (51), and the President of New College, Oxford), for fear of the pestilence, still increasing in London and its environs. On my return, I called at Durdans, where I found Dr. Wilkins (51), Sir William Petty (42), and Mr. Hooke (30), contriving chariots, new rigging for ships, a wheel for one to run races in, and other mechanical inventions; perhaps three such persons together were not to be found elsewhere in Europe, for parts and ingenuity.

John Evelyn's Diary 1673 August. 13 Aug 1673. I rode to Durdans, where I dined at my Lord Berkeley's (45) of Berkeley Castle, my old and noble friend, it being his wedding anniversary [Note. 11 Aug 1646 he married Elizabeth Massingberd Couness Berkeley -1708], where I found the Duchess of Albemarle (19), and other company, and returned home on that evening late.

Woodcote Park

John Evelyn's Diary 1648 August. 16 Aug 1648. I went to Woodcote (in Epsom) to the wedding of my brother, Richard (25), who married the daughter (19) and coheir of Esquire Minn (67), lately deceased; by which he had a great estate both in land and money on the death of a brother. The coach in which the bride and bridegroom were, was overturned in coming home; but no harm was done.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 September. 01 Sep 1662. Being invited by Lord Berkeley (34), I went to Durdans, where dined his Majesty (32), the Queen (23), Duke, Duchess (25), Prince Rupert (42), Prince Edward, and abundance of noblemen. I went, after dinner, to visit my brother (45) of Woodcot, my sister having been delivered of a son a little before, but who had now been two days dead.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1676 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (57). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (13).

Around 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (30). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (23).

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 March. 06 Mar 1670. Dr. Patrick preached in Covent Garden Church. I participated of the Blessed Sacrament, recommending to God the deplorable condition of my dear brother (47), who was almost in the last agonies of death. I watched late with him this night. It pleased God to deliver him out of this miserable life, toward five o'clock this Monday morning, to my unspeakable grief. He was a brother whom I most dearly loved, for his many virtues; but two years younger than myself, a sober, prudent, worthy gentleman. He had married a great fortune, and left one only daughter, and a noble seat at Woodcot, near Epsom. His body was opened, and a stone taken out of his bladder, not much bigger than a nutmeg. I returned home on the 8th, full of sadness, and to bemoan my loss.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 March. 21 Mar 1670. We all accompanied the corpse of my dear brother to Epsom Church, where he was decently interred in the chapel belonging to Woodcot House. A great number of friends and gentlemen of the country attended, about twenty coaches and six horses, and innumerable people.

Esher

On 06 Jan 1782 Louisa Maria La Coast Hanover 1782-1835 was born illegitimately to William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (38) and Almeria Carpenter 1745-1809 (37) at Esher.

In 1775 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (47). Portrait of William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (31).

Around 1804. John Opie Painter 1761-1807 (42). Portrait of William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743-1805 (60).

Claremont House Esher

Death of Princess Charlotte

On 06 Nov 1817 Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 (21) died in childbirth at Claremont House Esher. He buried at St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

On 19 Jul 1884 Charles Edward Saxe Coburg Gotha 1884-1954 was born to Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany 1853-1884 and Helena Waldeck Duchess Albany at Claremont House Esher.

On 23 Jan 1906 Princess May of Teck 1906-1994 was born to Alexander Teck 1st Earl Athlone 1874-1957 (32) and Princess Alice Countess Athlone 1883-1981 (22) at Claremont House Esher.

St George's Church Esher

On 31 Jan 1603 the will of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (68) was proved. He asked to be buried in St George's Church Esher. He appointed his son Francis Drake -1634 as his executor. He left his widow Ursula Stafford 1553- the lease on the manor of Walton on Thames Elmbridge, as well as a house on Fetter Lane and his coach and horses.

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42). The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:.
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon.
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash.
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash.
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash.
5: Barry of seven argent and sable.
6: Azure, six lions rampant argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde.
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash); Esse or Ash of Ash.

Ewell

Close Rolls Edward II 1307 1313. 03 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (23). Ewell. To the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer. Whereas the king lately commanded them to put into execution all the writs of the late King pending in the exchequer, and although the late King commanded his treasurer and barons of the exchquer, at the supplication of the burgesses of Great Yarmouth, by his writ now in the exchequer, as the said burgesses assert, to allow them 1,000 marks in which the late king was bound to them for a loan in the time when John de Kirkeby was his treasurer, and 1,760l. for the arrears of the wages of divers men sent by them to the late King's command into Gascony for the expedition of this war and for remaining there for a great time, and also for 250l.which they expended, by the order of the late King, in the making of two galleys (galiarum) in the said town, and also 780l. for the wages of certain sailors and divers other costs expended by them at divers times for the expedition of the war in Scotland, to be allowed to them out of the debts owing by them to the said late King, as well as the tenth, eleventh, sixth, seventh, twentieth, and thirtieth granted by the community of the kingdom to the late King, as from other causes whatsoever; they are ordered to execute the said writs. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (24).

Gatton

On 07 Oct 1771 Charles Bennet 4th Earl Tankerville 1743-1822 (27) and Emma Colebrooke Countess Tankerville 1752-1836 (19) were married at Gatton. Emma Colebrooke Countess Tankerville 1752-1836 (19) by marriage Countess Tankerville 3C 1714.

Godstone

John Evelyn's Diary Editor's Introduction. His grandfather, George, was not the first of the family who settled in Surrey. John, father of this George, was of Kingston, in 1520, and married a daughter of David Vincent, Esq, Lord of the Manor of Long Ditton, near Kingston, which afterward came in the hands of George, who there carried on the manufacture of gunpowder. He purchased very considerable estates in Surrey, and three of his sons became heads of three families, viz, Thomas, his eldest son, at Long Ditton; John (65), at Godstone, and Richard (33) at Wotton. Each of these three families had the title of Baronet conferred on them at different times, viz, at Godstone, in 1660; Long Ditton, in 1683; and Wotton, in 1713.
The manufacture of gunpowder was carried on at Godstone as well as at Long Ditton; but it does not appear that there ever was any mill at Wotton, or that the purchase of that place was made with such a view.

John Evelyn's Diary 1649 July. 02 Jul 1649. I went from Wotton to Godstone (the residence of Sir John Evelyn (58)), where was also Sir John Evelyn of Wilts. (47), when I took leave of both Sir Johns and their ladies. Mem. the prodigious memory of Sir John of Wilts' (47) daughter, since married to Mr. W. Pierrepont [Note. Mr R Pierrepoint], and mother of the present Earl of Kingston. I returned to Sayes Court this night.

John Evelyn's Diary 1658 August. 03 Aug 1658. Went to Sir John Evelyn at Godstone. The place is excellent, but might be improved by turning some offices of the house, and removing the garden. The house being a noble fabric, though not comparable to what was first built by my uncle, who was master of all the powder mills.

John Evelyn's Diary 1659 November. 24 Nov 1659. Sir John Evelyn [of Godstone] invited us to the forty-first wedding-day feast, where was much company of friends.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 October. 14 Oct 1677. I went to church at Godstone, and to see old Sir John Evelyn's DORMITORY, joining to the church, paved with marble, where he and his Lady lie on a very stately monument at length; he in armor of white marble. The inscription is only an account of his particular branch of the family, on black marble.

Great Bookham

Before 17 Sep 1643 Francis Howard 5th Baron Howard 1643-1695 was born to Charles Howard 1615-1672 and Frances Courthope at Great Bookham. On 17 Sep 1643 Francis Howard 5th Baron Howard 1643-1695 was baptised at Great Bookham.

On 07 Jul 1651 Francis Howard 1585-1651 (65) died at Great Bookham.

In 1672 William Howard 1672- was born to William Howard 1616-1686 (56) at Great Bookham.

On 13 Aug 1684 Thomas Howard 1684-1753 was baptised at Great Bookham.

On 13 Mar 1702 Lodowick Howard 1632-1702 (69) died at Great Bookham.

On 31 Mar 1753 Thomas Howard 1684-1753 (68) died at 8 Savile Street Savile Street Savile Row. He was buried at Great Bookham.

Guildford

John Evelyn's Diary 1620 1636 Birth and Childhood. The distance from London little more than twenty miles, and yet so securely placed, as if it were one hundred; three miles from Dorking, which serves it abundantly with provision as well of land as sea; six from Guildford, twelve from Kingston. I will say nothing of the air, because the pre-eminence is universally given to Surrey, the soil being dry and sandy; but I should speak much of the gardens, fountains, and groves that adorn it, were they not as generally known to be among the most natural, and (till this later and universal luxury of the whole nation, since abounding in such expenses) the most magnificent that England afforded; and which indeed gave one of the first examples to that elegancy, since so much in vogue, and followed in the managing of their waters, and other elegancies of that nature. Let me add, the contiguity of five or six manors, the patronage of the livings about it, and what Themistocles pronounced for none of the least advantages—the good neighborhood. All which conspire here to render it an honorable and handsome royalty, fit for the present possessor, my worthy brother, and his noble lady, whose constant liberality gives them title both to the place and the affections of all that know them. Thus, with the poet:.
Nescio quâ natale solum dulcedine cunctos.
Ducit, et immemores non sinit esse sui.

Murder of Aelfred "Ætheling" Wessex by Godwinson

In 1036 Aelfred "Ætheling" Wessex 1005-1036 (31) returned to England where he and his men were met by Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent Earl Wessex 1001-1053 (35) at Guildford; ostensibly friendly. The following day, however, Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent, Earl Wessex 1001-1053's men attacked Aelfred's (31) men murdering most of them. Aelfred (31) was taken to Ely where he was blinded and died shortly thereafter.

14 Oct 1274. Letter XV. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England to Robert Burnell Lord Chancellor. 14 Oct 1274. Note. The year could be 1274-1279. Letter XV. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (33) to Robert Burnell Lord Chancellor (35).
Eleanora, by God's grace qaeen of England, lady of Ireland, and duchess of Aquitaine to lord Robert Burnell, sends loving greeting.
We require and affectionately entreat you to give counsel and assistance to this affair, that the transgression injuriously committed against the bearer of these presents, the servant of the lady Constance1 our cousin, which Master John Painter Clarell will shew you, may be reasonably redressed. For the confidence which we have in your benevolence is the cause why we so often direct to you our prayers on behalf of our friends. And do you for love of us give such diligence in this affair, that we may henceforth be bound to you by special favour. Given at Guildford, xiiij day of October.
1. There is much discussion among historians as to which Constance is being referred to here. Also which Eleanor wrote the letter: Eleanor of Provence or Eleanor of Castile..

Around 1512 John Parkhurst Bishop of Norwich 1512-1575 was born in Guildford.

John Evelyn's Diary 1640. 07 Jul 1640. My brother George (23) and I, understanding the peril my father (53) was in upon a sudden attack of his infirmity, rode post from Guildford toward him, and found him extraordinary weak; yet so as that, continuing his course, he held out till the 8th of September, when I returned home with him (53) in his litter.

John Evelyn's Diary 1699. 04 Oct 1699. My worthy brother (82) died at Wotton, in the 83d year of his age, of perfect memory and understanding. He was religious, sober, and temperate, and of so hospitable a nature, that no family in the county maintained that ancient custom of keeping, as it were, open house the whole year in the same manner, or gave more noble or free entertainment to the county on all occasions, so that his house was never free. There were sometimes twenty persons more than his family, and some that stayed there all the summer, to his no small expense; by this he gained the universal love of the county. He was born at Wotton, went from the free school at Guildford to Trinity College, Oxford, thence to the Middle Temple, as gentlemen of the best quality did, but without intention to study the law as a profession. He married the daughter of Colwall, of a worthy and ancient family in Leicestershire, by whom he had one son; she dying in 1643, left George her son an infant, who being educated liberally, after traveling abroad, returned and married one Mrs. Gore, by whom he had several children, but only three daughters survived. He was a young man of good understanding, but, over-indulging his ease and pleasure, grew so very corpulent, contrary to the constitution of the rest of his father's relations, that he died. My brother afterward married a noble and honorable lady, relict of Sir John Cotton, she being an Offley, a worthy and ancient Staffordshire family, by whom he had several children of both sexes. This lady died, leaving only two daughters and a son. The younger daughter died before marriage; the other afterward married Sir Cyril Wych (67), a noble and learned gentleman (son of Sir —— Wych), who had been Ambassador at Constantinople, and was afterward made one of the Lords Justices of Ireland. Before this marriage, her only brother married the daughter of —— Eversfield, of Sussex, of an honorable family, but left a widow without any child living; he died about 1691, and his wife not many years after, and my brother resettled the whole estate on me. His sister, Wych, had a portion of £6,000, to which was added £300 more; the three other daughters, with what I added, had about £5,000 each. My brother died on the 5th of October, in a good old age and great reputation, making his beloved daughter, Lady Wych, sole executrix, leaving me only his library and some pictures of my father, mother, etc. She buried him with extraordinary solemnity, rather as a nobleman than as a private gentleman. There were, as I computed, above 2,000 persons at the funeral, all the gentlemen of the county doing him the last honors. I returned to London, till my lady should dispose of herself and family.

Great Tangley Manor Guildford

Times Newspaper Marriages. 21 Feb 1930. THE DUKE OF WESTMINSTER AND MISS PONSONBY. The marriage of the Duke of Westminster (50) and Miss Loelia Mary Ponsonby (28), daughter of Sir Frederick (62) and Lady Ponsonby, of Great Tangley Manor Guildford, and St. James's Palace, took place at Prince's-row Register Office yesterday. Among those present were Mr. Winston Churchill (55), Lady Serena James (28), Mrs Walter Rubens, Colonel (65) and Mrs. Guy Wyndham, Captain and Mrs. Cowes, Mrs. Basil Kerr, 2ir. and Mrs. George Drunmaond, and AMr. and Mrs. Richard Guinness. The Duke and Duchess left for their honey- uoon in the Duke's steam yacht the Cutty i Sark, wlhich was moored at Deptford.

Holy Trinity Church

In 1636 Robert Parkhurst Lord Mayor 1569-1636 (67) died. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church.

Loseley Park Guildford

Red Lion Guildford

John Evelyn's Diary 1653 August. 22 Aug 1653. We all went to Guildford, to rejoice at the famous inn, the Red Lion, and to see the hospital, and the. Monument of Archbishop Abbot, the founder, who lies buried in the chapel of his endowment.

Sheere

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 July. 26 Jul 1677. I dined at Mr. Duncomb's, at Sheere, whose house stands environed with very sweet and quick streams.

St Nicholas' Church Guildford

Loseley Chapel St Nicholas' Church Guildford

Around 06 Feb 1626 Robert More 1581-1626 (44) died. He was buried at Loseley Chapel St Nicholas' Church Guildford.

West Horsley

West Horsley Place

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 September. 14 Sep 1665. I went to Wotton; and on 16th September, to visit old Secretary Nicholas (72), being now at his new purchase of West Horsley, once mortgaged to me by Lord Viscount Montague (55): a pretty dry seat on the Down. Returned to Wotton.

Haling

On 20 Oct 1587 Robert Gage 1504-1587 (83) died at Haling.

On 29 Aug 1597 Henry Gage 1597-1645 was born to John Gage 1563- and Margaret Copley 1532- at Haling.

Henley Park

Kew

On 11 Jul 1818 William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (52) and Adelaide Saxe Meiningen Queen Consort England (25) were married at Kew. Adelaide Saxe Meiningen Queen Consort England (25) by marriage Duchess Clarence and St Andrews.

Around 1830. William Beechey Painter 1753-1839 (76). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

1830. James Lonsdale Painter 1777-1839 (52). Portrait of William IV King United Kingdom 1765-1837 (64).

Capel House Kew

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 September. 05 Sep 1685. I accompanied his Lordship to Windsor (dining by the way at Sir Henry Capel's (47) at Kew), where his Ma* (51) receiving me with extra ordinary kindnesse, I kiss'd his hand. I told him how. sensible I was of his Ma*s (51) gracious favour to me, that I would endeavour to serve him with all sincerity, diligence, and loyalty, not more out of my duty than inclination. He said he doubted not of it, and was glad he had the opportunity to shew me the kindnesse he had for me. After this came aboundance of greate men to give me joy.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Kew Palace Kew

John Evelyn's Diary 1678 August. 27 Aug 1678. I took leave of the Duke (50), and dined at Mr. Henry Bruncker's (51), at the Abbey of Sheene, formerly a monastery of Carthusians, there yet remaining one of their solitary cells with a cross. Within this ample inclosure are several pretty villas and fine gardens of the most excellent fruits, especially Sir William Temple's (lately Ambassador into Holland), and the Lord Lisle's (29), son to the Earl of Leicester (59), who has divers rare pictures, above all, that of Sir Brian Tuke's, by Holbein.
After dinner I walked to Ham, to see the house and garden of the Duke of Lauderdale (62), which is indeed inferior to few of the best villas in Italy itself; the house furnished like a great Prince's; the parterres, flower-gardens, orangeries, groves, avenues, courts, statues, perspectives, fountains, aviaries, and all this at the banks of the sweetest river in the world, must needs be admirable.
Hence, I went to my worthy friend, Sir Henry Capel (40) [at Kew], brother to the Earl of Essex (46); it is an old timber-house; but his garden has the choicest fruit of any plantation in England, as he is the most industrious and understanding in it.

Around 1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543 (30). Portrait of Brian Tuke Secretary -1545.

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (48).

Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (53).

On 11 Jul 1818 Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn 1767-1820 (50) and Marie Luise Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (31) were married at Kew Palace Kew.

In 1787 Thomas Gainsborough Painter 1727-1788 (59). Portrait of Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn 1767-1820 (19).

1835. George Hayter Painter 1792-1871 (42). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (48).

Around 1857. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (51). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (70).

Around 1832. Richard Rothwell Painter 1800-1868 (31). Portrait of Marie Luise Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn 1786-1861 (45).

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Siege of Colchester

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 March. 24 Mar 1688. I went with Sir Charles Littleton (60) to Sheen, a house and estate given him by Lord Brounker; one who was ever noted for a hard, covetous, vicious man; but for his worldly craft and skill in gaming few exceeded him. Coming to die, he bequeathed all his land, house, furniture, etc., to Sir Charles (60), to whom he had no manner of relation, but an ancient friendship contracted at the famous siege of Colchester, forty years before. It is a pretty place, with fine gardens, and well planted, and given to one worthy of them, Sir Charles (60) being an honest gentleman and soldier. He is brother to Sir Henry Littleton (64) of Worcestershire, whose great estate he is likely to inherit, his brother being without children. They are descendants of the great lawyer of that name, and give the same arms and motto. He is married to one Mrs. Temple, formerly Maid of Honour to the late Queen (49), a beautiful lady, and he has many fine children, so that none envy his good fortune.
After dinner, we went to see Sir William Temple's near to it; the most remarkable things are his orangery and gardens, where the wall-fruit-trees are most exquisitely nailed and trained, far better than I ever noted.
There are many good pictures, especially of Vandyke's, in both these houses, and some few statues and small busts in the latter.
From thence to Kew, to visit Sir Henry Capel's (50), whose orangery and myrtetum are most beautiful and perfectly well kept. He was contriving very high palisadoes of reeds to shade his oranges during the summer, and painting those reeds in oil.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Royal Cottage Kew

On 11 Mar 1916 Eliza Amelia Gore Countess Erroll 1829-1916 (87) died in Royal Cottage Kew.

St Anne's Church Kew

On 12 Jun 1866 Francis Teck 1837-1900 (28) and Princess Mary Adelaide Hanover 1833-1897 (32) were married at St Anne's Church Kew.

Kingston Upon Thames

Kyngsham

Around 1447 Nicholas Sidney 1447-1512 was born to William IV Sidney 1417-1477 (30) at Kyngsham.

Lageham

Around 1281 John St John Lagenham 2nd Baron St John Lagenham 1281-1323 was born to John St John Lagenham 1st Baron St John Lagenham 1250-1316 (31) and Margaret Unknown Baroness St John Lagenham at Lageham.

Around 1308 John St John Lagenham 3rd Baron St John Lagenham 1308-1349 was born to John St John Lagenham 2nd Baron St John Lagenham 1281-1323 (27) and Margery Unknown Baroness St John Lagenham at Lageham.

Leatherhead

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 April. 08 Apr 1685. Being now somewhat compos'd after my greate affliction, I went to London to hear Dr. Tenison (48) (it being on a Wednesday in Lent) at Whitehall. I observ'd that tho' the King (51) was not in his seate above in the chapell, the Doctor made his three congees, which they were not us'd to do when the late King was absent, making then one bowing onely. I ask'd the reason; it was sayd he had a special order so to do. The Princesse of Denmark (34) was in the King's Closet, but sat on the left hand of the chaire, the Clearke of the Closet (50) standing by His Ma*s chaire, as If he had ben present. I met the Queene Dowager (46) going now first from Whitehall to dwell at Somerset-house. This day my brother of Wotton and Mr. Onslow (30) were candidates for Surrey against Sr Adam Brown and my cousin Sr Edwd Evelyn, and were circumvented in their election by a trick of the Sheriff's* taking advantage of my brother's party going out of the small village of Leatherhead to seek shelter and lodging, the afternoone being tempestuous, proceeding to the Election when they were gon; they expecting the next morning; whereas before and then they exceeded the other party by many hundreds, as I am assur'd. The Duke of Norfolk (30) led Sr Edw. Evelyn's and Sr Adam Brown's party. For this Parliament, very meane and slight persons (some of them gentlemen's servants, clearkes, and persons neither of reputation nor interest) were set up, but the country would choose my brother whether he would or no, and he miss'd it by the trick above mentioned. Sr Adam Brown was so deafe that he could not heare one word. S1 Edw. Evelyn was an honest gent much in favour with his Majesty.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Lingfield

In 1344 Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (49) and Joan Berkeley Baroness Cobham Sternborough 1330- were married at Lingfield.

1361 Plague Outbreak

On 05 Oct 1361 Reginald Cobham 1st Baron Cobham Sternborough 1295-1361 (66) died of plague at Lingfield. He was buried at Lingfield. His son Reginald Cobham 2nd Baron Cobham Sternborough 1348-1403 (13) succeeded 2nd Baron Cobham Sternborough in Kent 4C 1347..

In 1368 Reginald Cobham 2nd Baron Cobham Sternborough 1348-1403 (19) and Elizabeth Stafford Baroness Cobham Sternborough Baroness Ferrers Chartley Baroness Strange Blackmere 1340-1376 (28) were married at Lingfield. Elizabeth Stafford Baroness Cobham Sternborough Baroness Ferrers Chartley Baroness Strange Blackmere 1340-1376 (28) by marriage Baroness Cobham Sternborough in Kent 4C 1347.

Around 1540 Francis Howard 1540-1600 was born to William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (30) and Margaret Gamage Baroness Howard 1515-1581 (25) at Lingfield.

On 30 Mar 1695 Francis Howard 5th Baron Howard 1643-1695 (51) died at Lingfield. He was buried at St Giles in the Fields Camden. His son Thomas Howard 6th Baron Howard 1682-1725 (13) succeeded 6th Baron Howard of Effingham 1C 1554.

Loseley

Mickleham

John Evelyn's Diary 1655 August. 27 Aug 1655. I went to Boxhill, to see those rare natural bowers, cabinets, and shady walks in the box copses: hence we walked to Mickleham, and saw Sir F. Stidolph's seat, environed with elm trees and walnuts innumerable, and of which last he told us they received a considerable revenue. Here are such goodly walks and hills shaded with yew and box, as render the place extremely agreeable, it seeming from these evergreens to be summer all the winter.

Mitcham

On or before 30 Jan 1665 Mary Smyth -1665 died. She was buried at Mitcham.

Norbury Park

On 08 Jun 1729 William Tyron 1729-1788 was born to Charles Tyron and Mary Shirley 1702-1771 (26) at Norbury Park.

Norwood

On 02 May 1859 Eliza Courtenay 1792-1859 (67) died at Norwood.

Oakley

Battle of Oakley

Life of Alfred by Asser Part 1 849 887 Page 1. In the year of our Lord's incarnation 851, which was the third after the birth of king Alfred, Ceorl, earl of Devon, fought with the men of Devon against the pagans at a place called Wiegambeorg; and the Christians gained the victory; and that same year the pagans first wintered in the island called Sheppey, which means the Sheep-isle, and is situated in the River Thames between Essex and Kent, but is nearer to Kent than to Essex; it has in it a fine monastery.
The same year also a great army of the pagans came with three hundred and fifty ships to the mouth of the River Thames, and sacked Dorobernia, which is the city of the Cantuarians, and also the city of London, which lies on the north bank of the River Thames, on the confines of Essex and Middlesex; but yet that city belongs in truth to Essex; and they put to flight Berthwulf, king of Mercia, with all the army, which he had led out to oppose them.
After these things, the aforesaid pagan host went into Surrey, which is a district situated on the south bank of the River Thames, and to the west of Kent. And Ethelwulf, king of the West-Saxons, and his son Ethelbald, with all their army, fought a long time against them at a place called Ac-lea, i.e. the Oak-plain, and there, after a lengthened battle, which was fought with much bravery on both sides, the greater part of the pagan multitude was destroyed and cut to pieces, so that we never heard of their being so defeated, either before or since, in any country, in one day; and the Christians gained an honourable victory, and were triumphant over their graves.
In the same year king Athelstan, son of king Ethelwulf, and earl Ealhere slew a large army of pagans in Kent, at a place called Sandwich, and took nine ships of their fleet; the others escaped by flight.

Ockham

On 22 Jul 1734 Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734 (65) died in Ockham. His son John King 2nd Baron King 1706-1740 (28) succeeded 2nd Baron King.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Peter King 1st Baron King 1669-1734.

In 1740 John King 2nd Baron King 1706-1740 (34) died in Ockham. His brother Peter King 3rd Baron King 1709-1754 (31) succeeded 3rd Baron King.

In 1754 Peter King 3rd Baron King 1709-1754 (45) died in Ockham. His His brother William King 4th Baron King 1711-1767 (43) succeeded 4th Baron King.

In 1767 William King 4th Baron King 1711-1767 (56) died in Ockham. His brother Thomas King 5th Baron King 1712-1779 (55) succeeded 5th Baron King.

In 1779 Thomas King 5th Baron King 1712-1779 (67) died in Ockham. His son Peter King 6th Baron King 1736-1793 (43) succeeded 6th Baron King.

Oxted

In 1640 John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 was born to Charles Hoskins 1603-1657 (37) in Oxted.

In Oct 1698 Catherine Hoskyns Duchess Devonshire 1700-1777 was born to John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 (58) in Oxted.

On 16 May 1717 John Hoskins of Oxted 1640-1717 (77) died in Oxted.

Titsey Place Oxted

On 07 Dec 1620 Mary Lennard 1549-1620 (71) died in Titsey Place Oxted.

Petersham

On 21 Dec 1784 Robert John Wilmot 3rd Baronet Wilmot 1784-1841 was born to Robert Wilmot 2nd Baronet Wilmot Osmaston 1752-1834 (32) in Petersham.

On 19 Sep 1802 Hugh Francis Tollemache 1802-1890 was born to William Tollemache 1766-1833 (36) at Petersham.

On 16 Jul 1881 Claude Bowes Lyon 14th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1855-1944 (26) and Cecilia Nina Cavendish Bentinck 1862-1938 (18) were married at Petersham.

On 07 May 1893 Maria Elizabeth Tollemache Marchioness Ailesbury 1809-1893 (83) died at Petersham.

Church of St Peter Petersham

On 05 Jun 1698 Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (71) died at Ham House Ham Richmond. She was buried at Church of St Peter Petersham. Her son Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (49) succeeded 3rd Earl Dysart.

Around 1641 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (22). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (14).

Around 1648 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (29). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (21).

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (38).

Around 1675 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (56). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682 (58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (48).

Around 1647 John Weesop Painter -1652. Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale 1626-1698 (20).

Before 05 Aug 1661 Cornelius Johnson Painter 1593-1661. Portrait of Thomas Hales 3rd Baronet Hales 1695-1762 and John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale 1616-1682. Ham House Ham Richmond.

Putney

In 1453 Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 was born to John Cromwell 1437-1480 (16) at Putney.

Around 1485 Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540 was born to Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 (32) and Katherine Glossop at Putney.

Around 1625 based on a work of 1532.Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Cromwell 1st Earl Essex 1485-1540.

In 1510 Walter Cromwell 1453-1510 (57) died at Putney.

On 01 Jan 1575 Thomas Palmer 1575-1608 was born to Thomas Palmer 1st Baronet Palmer 1540-1626 (35) and Margaret Poley Lady Palmer 1542-1625 (33) at Putney.

John Evelyn's Diary 1649 June. 20 Jun 1649. I went to Putney, and other places on the Thames, to take prospects in crayon, to carry into France, where I thought to have them engraved.

On 13 May 1652 Henry Compton -1652 was killed in a duel with George Brydges 6th Baron Chandos 1620-1655 (31) at Putney.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Tuesday 11 May 1669. My wife (28) again up by four o’clock, to go to gather May-dew; and so back home by seven, to bed, and by and by I up and to the office, where all the morning, and dined at noon at home with my people, and so all the afternoon. In the evening my wife (28) and I all alone, with the boy, by water, up as high as Putney almost, with the tide, and back again, neither staying going nor coming; but talking, and singing, and reading a foolish copy of verses upon my Lord Mayor’s (53) entertaining of all the bachelors, designed in praise to my Lord Mayor, and so home and to the office a little, and then home to bed, my eyes being bad. Some trouble at Court for fear of the Queen’s (59) miscarrying; she being, as they all conclude, far gone with child.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Reigate

On 09 Oct 1632 Lodowick Howard 1632-1702 was born to Francis Howard 1585-1651 (46) and Jane Monson 1588-1685 (44) at Reigate.

Richmond

Hampton Court Palace

Ripley

Ripley House Ripley

On 22 Aug 1881 James Archibald Stuart Wortley Mackenzie 1805-1881 (76) died in Ripley House Ripley.

Roehampton

On 06 Sep 1623 Thomas Papillon Merchant Politician 1623-1702 was born to David Papillon and Anne Marie Calandrini at Roehampton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 August. 04 Aug 1662. Came to see me the old Countess of Devonshire, with that excellent and worthy person, my Lord her son (44), from Roehampton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 February. 08 Feb 1677. I went to Roehampton, with my Lady Duchess of Ormond (61). The garden and perspective is pretty, the prospect most agreeable.

On 23 Nov 1684 William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire 1617-1684 (67) died at his house in Roehampton. He was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey. His son William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire 1640-1707 (44) succeeded 4th Earl Devonshire. Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire 1646-1710 (38) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

Rookwood

John Evelyn's Diary 1659 May. 23 May 1659. I went to Rookwood, and dined with Sir William Hicks (63), where was a great feast and much company. It is a melancholy old house, environed with trees and rooks.

Seale

On 08 Oct 1840 John Jeffreys Pratt 1st Marquess Camden 1759-1840 (81) died in Seale. His son George Pratt 2nd Marquess Camden 1799-1866 (41) succeeded 2nd Marquess Camden, 2nd Earl Brecknock. Harriet Murray Countess Camden 1813-1854 (27) by marriage Countess Camden.

Shere

Around 1205 John Fitzpeter 1205-1258 was born to Geoffrey Fitzpeter 1st Earl Essex 1162-1213 (43) and Aveline Clare Countess Essex at Shere.

Around 1238 Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301 was born to John Fitzpeter 1205-1258 (33) and Isabel Bigod 1212-1250 (26) at Shere.

On 26 Sep 1490 John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (64) died at Shere. His son James Tuchet 7th Baron Audley Heighley 1463-1497 (27) succeeded 7th Baron Audley Heighley in Staffordshire. Joan Bourchier Baroness Audley Heighley Baroness Tuchet -1532 by marriage Baroness Audley Heighley in Staffordshire, Baron Tuchet.

Stanwell

Around 1532 Edward Windsor 3rd Baron Windsor 1532-1575 was born to William Windsor 2nd Baron Windsor 1498-1554 (34) in Stanwell.

Stanwell Church Stanwell

Elizabeth Hayward Baroness Knyvet was buried at Stanwell Church Stanwell.

On 27 Jul 1622 Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (77) died. He was buried at Stanwell Church Stanwell.

Stanwell Park Stanwell

On 16 Sep 1607 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 (2) died of pneumonia at the Stanwell Park Stanwell home of Thomas Knyvet 1st Baron Knyvet 1545-1622 (62) in whose care she had been placed. As soon as Mary died, the Earl of Worcester (57), the Earl of Leicester (43) and the Earl of Totnes (52) went to Hampton Court Palace, to inform the Queen (32) of her daughter's death. Seeing the three men before her, Queen Anne realized what had happened and spared the men the task of telling her.

Sterborough Castle

After 25 Oct 1415 Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 was imprisoned at Sterborough Castle.

Stoke D'Abernon

Around 1412 Henry Norbury 1412-1464 was born to John Norbury 1375-1414 (37) and Elizabeth Boteler 1386-1465 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon.

Around 1438 John IV Norbury 1438-1504 was born to Henry Norbury 1412-1464 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon.

In 1438 Elizabeth Norbury 1438-1488 was born to Henry Norbury 1412-1464 (26) at Stoke D'Abernon.

On 12 Aug 1504 John IV Norbury 1438-1504 (66) died at Stoke D'Abernon. He was buried at Stoke D'Abernon.

Streatham

On 21 Jan 1565 Margaret Mundy 1510-1565 (55) died. She was buried the next day in Streatham.

On 30 Sep 1710 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 was born to Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 (29) and Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford 1682-1724 (28) at Streatham.

Sutton

Worcester Park Sutton

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 January. Mr. Packer's, and took an exact view of the plaster statues and bass-relievos inserted between the timbers and puncheons of the outside walls of the Court; which must needs have been the work of some celebrated Italian. I much admired how they had lasted so well and entire since the time of Henry VIII., exposed as they are to the air; and pity it is they are not taken out and preserved in some dry place; a gallery would become them. There are some mezzo-relievos as big as the life; the story is of the Heathen Gods, emblems, compartments, etc. The palace consists of two courts, of which the first is of stone, castle like, by the Lord Lumleys (of whom it was purchased), the other of timber, a Gothic fabric, but these walls incomparably beautiful. I observed that the appearing timber-puncheons, entrelices, etc., were all so covered with scales of slate, that it seemed carved in the wood and painted, the slate fastened on the timber in pretty figures, that has, like a coat of armor, preserved it from rotting. There stand in the garden two handsome stone pyramids, and the avenue planted with rows of fair elms, but the rest of these goodly trees, both of this and of Worcester Park adjoining, were felled by those destructive and avaricious rebels in the late war, which defaced one of the stateliest seats his Majesty had.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

Worcester House Worcester Park Sutton

On 22 Oct 1660 Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was born to James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (27) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23) at Worcester House Worcester Park Sutton.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

Tanbridge

On 09 Feb 1527 William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (15) and Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (10) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). They lived apart for the first twelve years of their marriage. Once they did live together both commenced affairs. She with John Lyngfield, prior of St. James's Church, in Tanbridge, Surrey, by whom she had an illegitimate child named John Parr. He with Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 (3). To protect the interest of his subsequent children Parr (15) pursued legislation to disinherit her child .... Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1, January-July 1543: "Whereas lady Anne (10), wife of Sir Wm. Parre lord Parre (15), continued in adultery notwithstanding admonition, and, finally, two years past, left his company and has since had a child begotten in adultery, that the said child and all future children she may have shall be held bastards.".

St James' Church Tanbridge

Parr Family Ennobled

On 23 Dec 1543 Henry VIII (52) enobled his new wife's (31) brother and uncle at ceremony in the Presence Chamber Hampton Court Palace. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (26) and Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (34) were present. Christopher Barker Garter King of Arms -1550 read the Patents.
William Parr 1st Baron Parr Horton 1483-1547 (60) was created 1st Baron Parr Horton. William was sixty with five daughters. He died four years later at which time the Barony extinct.
William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton 1512-1571 (31) was created 1st Earl Essex 7C 1543. His estranged wife Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (26) was daughter of the last Earl of Essex of the Fifth Creation. A somewhat curious choice given his wife had eloped the year previous year with John Lyngfield, the prior of St. James's Church, in Tanbridge, Surrey, by whom she had an illegitimate child.

Thames Ditton

John Evelyn's Diary 1647 October. 05 Oct 1647. I came to Wotton, the place of my birth, to my brother (30), and on the 10th to Hampton Court where I had the honor to kiss his Majesty's (46) hand, and give him an account of several things I had in charge, he being now in the power of those execrable villains who not long after murdered him. I lay at my cousin, Sergeant Hatton's at Thames Ditton, whence, on the 13th, I went to London.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

On 06 Mar 1706 Admiral George Pocock 1706-1792 was born at Thames Ditton.

Around 1746 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779 (45). Portrait of Admiral George Pocock 1706-1792 (39).

On 01 Sep 1797 William Fitzgerald De Ros 22nd Baron Ros Helmsley 1797-1874 was born to Henry Fitzgerald 1761-1829 (36) and Charlotte Boyle 20th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1769-1831 (28) at Thames Ditton.

Thorpe

After May 1627 William Mynterne of Thorpe in Surrey -1627 died. His daughter Elizabeth Mynterne 1593-1615 inherited his two manors in Thorpe.

West Clandon

Clandon Park House

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 September. 15 Sep 1670. I went to visit Mr. Arthur Onslow (46), at West Clandon, a pretty dry seat on the Downs, where we dined in his great room.

Weybridge

Oatlands Palace Weybridge

Marriage of Henry VIII and Catherine Howard

On 28 Apr 1540 Henry VIII (48) and Catherine Howard (17) were married at Oatlands Palace. Catherine Howard (17) was appointed Queen Consort England.
Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland 1495-1551 (45) was appointed Lady in Waiting to Catherine Howard Queen Consort England 1523-1542 (17).

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 26 Oct 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58) arrived in Oatlands Palace Weybridge. .

Wimbledon

Around 1658 Theodore Janssen 1658-1748 was born at Wimbledon.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 February. 17 Feb 1662. I went with my Lord of Bristol (49) to see his house at Wimbledon, newly bought of the Queen-Mother (52), to help contrive the garden after the modern. It is a delicious place for prospect and the thickets, but the soil cold and weeping clay. Returned that evening with Sir Henry Bennett (44).
This night was buried in Westminster Abbey the Queen of Bohemia, after all her sorrows and afflictions being come to die in the arms of her nephew, the King (31); also this night and the next day fell such a storm of hail, thunder, and lightning, as never was seen the like in any man's memory, especially the tempest of wind, being southwest, which subverted, besides huge trees, many houses, innumerable chimneys (among others that of my parlor at Sayes Court), and made such havoc at land and sea, that several perished on both. Divers lamentable fires were also kindled at this time; so exceedingly was God's hand against this ungrateful and vicious nation and Court.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

In 1610 Robert "The Elder" Peake Painter 1551-1619 (59). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (13).

In 1642 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656 (49). Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662 (45).

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 June. 04 Jun 1662. Went to visit the Earl of Bristol (49), at Wimbledon.

On 19 Sep 1678 Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (21) and Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 were married in Wimbledon. Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 by marriage Countess Plymouth 1C 1675.

On 25 Mar 1795 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool 1770-1828 (24) and Louisa Theodosia Hervey Countess Liverpool 1767-1821 (28) were married at Wimbledon.

On 14 Sep 1879 Charles Baring Bishop of Durham 1807-1879 (72) died at Wimbledon. He was buried at Holy Innocents Church High Beach.

Windlesham

Ribsden Holt Windlesham

On 08 Oct 1972 Alexander Ramsay 1881-1972 (91) died at Ribsden Holt Windlesham.

Woking

In 1583 Richard Drake 1535-1603 (48) leased the manor of Woking from Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (47).

Around 1577 George Gower Painter 1540-1596 (37). Portrait of Richard Drake 1535-1603 (42). The heraldic escutcheon shows seven quarters as follows:.
1: . Drake of Ash in the parish of Musbury, Devon.
2: Argent, on a chief gules three cinquefoils of the first; Billet of Ash.
3: Gules, on a fess argent two mullets sable; Hamton of Rockbere and Ash.
4: Ermine, on a chief indented sable three crosslets fitchee or; Orwey of Orwey and Ash.
5: Barry of seven argent and sable.
6: Azure, six lions rampant argent crowned Gules, 3, 2, 1; Forde of Forde.
7: Argent, two chevrons sable (Esse/Ash of Ash); Esse or Ash of Ash.

Pyrford

John Evelyn's Diary 1681 August. 23 Aug 1681. I went to Wotton, and, on the following day, was invited to Mr. Denzil Onslow's (39) at his seat at Purford, where was much company, and such an extraordinary feast, as I had hardly seen at any country gentleman's table. What made it more remarkable was, that there was not anything save what his estate about it did afford; as venison, rabbits, hares, pheasants, partridges, pigeons, quails, poultry, all sorts of fowl in season from his own decoy near his house, and all sorts of fresh fish. After dinner we went to see sport at the decoy, where I never saw so many herons.
The seat stands on a flat, the ground pasture, rarely watered, and exceedingly improved since Mr. Onslow (39) bought it of Sir Robert Parkhurst, who spent a fair estate. The house is timber, but commodious, and with one ample dining-room, the hall adorned with paintings of fowl and huntings, etc., the work of Mr. Barlow, who is excellent in this kind from the life.

Wotton