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Duke Albany to Buckingham

Duke Albany

In 1398 Robert Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1340-1420 (58) was created 1st Duke Albany. Muriella Keith Duchess Albany 1358-1449 (40) by marriage Duchess Albany.

Before 1400 Murdoch Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1362-1425 and Isabel Countess Lennox Duchess Albany -1458 were married. Isabel Countess Lennox Duchess Albany -1458 by marriage Duchess Albany.

On 03 Sep 1420 Robert Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1340-1420 (80) died at Stirling Castle. His son Murdoch Stewart 2nd Duke Albany 1362-1425 (58) succeeded 2nd Duke Albany. His son John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 succeeded 2nd Earl Buchan 2C 1374. Elizabeth Douglas Countess Buchan Countess Orkney Countess Caithness -1451 by marriage Countess Buchan 2C 1374.

Before 1458 Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1454-1485 was created 1st Duke Albany.

On 24 May 1881 Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany 1853-1884 (28) was created 1st Duke Albany.

On 27 Apr 1882 Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany 1853-1884 (29) and Helena Waldeck Duchess Albany were married at St George's Chapel Windsor Castle. Helena Waldeck Duchess Albany by marriage Duchess Albany.

Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1454-1485 and Catherine Sinclair Duchess Albany were married (he was her second cousin). Catherine Sinclair Duchess Albany by marriage Duchess Albany.

Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Albany 1454-1485 and Anne de la Tour Auvergne Duchess Albany 1496-1524 were married. Anne de la Tour Auvergne Duchess Albany 1496-1524 by marriage Duchess Albany.

Duke Albemarle

Duke Albemarle Jacobite 1C 1696

On 13 Jan 1696 Henry Fitzjames 1st Duke Albemarle 1673-1702 (22) was created 1st Duke Albemarle Jacobite 1C 1696.

Duke Ancaster and Kesteven

Duke Albemarle aka Aumale

Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385

In 1385 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (29) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385 and around the same time 1st Duke Gloucester 1C 1385. Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 (19) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale 1C 1385 Duchess Gloucester 1C 1385.

Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter 1C 1397.
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also rewarded his key supporters:.
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk 1C 1397.
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset 2C 1397.
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397.
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland 1C 1397.

On 01 Aug 1402 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (61) died at King's Langley. His son Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York 1C 1385, 2nd Earl Cambridge 2C 1362. Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale Duchess York 1367-1431 (35) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397.

Duke Beaufort 1C 1682

Survey London Volume 4 Chelsea Part II. The Site of Beaufort House.
In the whole history of Chelsea, a history which is indeed famous, so many notable men and women has this little village known—the chief interest has centred about Beaufort House. From those early days in the 16th century, when it was the well-loved home of Sir Thomas More, until the 18th, when it was the seat of the Duke of Beaufort, it yielded to no other house in importance, not to King Henry VIII's manor house in Cheyne Walk, nor to the Earl of Shrewsbury's mansion, nor to the old manor house with which it shared the dignity of a proprietary chapel in the old Church. It did not carry with it the lordship of the manor, but its property was extensive, including practically the frontage of the River_ Thames{Thames} between Milman Street and Church Street, and its gardens stretched northwards as far as the King's Road.
The house stood across the line of the present Beaufort Street and rather nearer King's Road than the river. Between it and the way along the waterside were two large courtyards, and opposite was a quay. The remainder of the estate, south of the present King's Road, was laid out in gardens and orchards, with the exception of the stable buildings, where now is the Moravian Burial Ground, and the farmhouse and barns on the site of Lindsey House. The situation, attractive as it is now, was far lovelier then, when across the Surrey bank was a view of undisturbed wood and pasture.
Sir Thomas More lived here for some fourteen years until his attainder in 1535. He loved to escape from London and from the Court, and to give himself up to his family and his own literary pursuits in his Chelsea home, and here he entertained many friends, among whom were Erasmus and Holbein. The latter may well have designed the beautiful capitals in the More chapel, in the old church (dated 1528), which show his hand as plainly as the ceiling of the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace, which was executed in 1540.
More's estate was granted to Sir William Paulet [See Patent Roll, I Edward VI., pt. 3.] (first Marquess of Winchester): it was inherited by his son the second Marquess, and in 1575 passed to Gregory Fiennes, Lord Dacre of the South, and his wife Anne — the foundress of those charming almshouses, Emmanuel Hospital, Westminster, now destroyed — who was a daughter of the Marchioness of Winchester by her former husband, Sir Robert Sackville. Baroness Dacre, who died in 1595, left the house to Lord Burleigh, who is said to have lived here, and he was followed by his youngest son, Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards Earl of Salisbury, who took possession in 1597. It is to Cecil's passion for building, which was not exhausted until he had parted with his fortune in completing Hatfield, that we owe the earliest representations on paper of the house at Chelsea. In his Chelsea Old Church Mr. Randall Davies published a reproduction of a beautiful plan of the Chelsea Estate, preserved among the Hatfield papers, and the present writer in some further research among Lord Salisbury's MSS. found five plans to a larger scale, all of which have reference to Cecil's schemes for rebuilding Sir Thomas More's house. For a detailed examination of these plans, the reader is referred to the Architectural Review of March and May, 1911, but by the courtesy of the proprietors of the Review, the reproductions are included here.
Cecil does not seem to have carried out his larger schemes and he sold the house to Henry Clinton, second Earl of Lincoln, in 1599.
Lincoln settled the estate on Sir Arthur Gorges, who had married his daughter. He lived in the house just mentioned, adjoining the great house, built for him by his father-in-law, and some four years after the latter's death in 1615, he sold Sir Thomas More's house to Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex. [See Close Roll, 18 Jas. I., pt. 18.] The new owner purchased several additions to the property, including "Brick Barn Close" and "The Sandhills," both north of the King's Road. These he converted into the Park, which is shown in Kip's view and was not built upon until after 1717. Cranfield fell under the displeasure of the King, and in consequence forfeited his property, which Charles I. granted in 1627 to George Villiers, first Duke of Buckingham. After the Duke's assassination, the family continued to reside here until the outbreak of the Civil War, when the house was seized by the Parliament, and Mr. Randall Davies has referred to the record in the Perfect Occurrences of the petition in 1646 of the Duchess of Lennox, Buckingham's daughter, for leave to come to London, or to her house in Chelsea, to be under Dr. Mayerne's hands for her health. The great physician was then living at Lindsey House, the old farmhouse belonging to the estate.
In the account in the Architectural Review (May, 1911) I have summarised the later history of the house as follows:—"After the great house had been occupied during the Commonwealth by the Parliamentary Commissioners, Sir Bulstrode Whitlocke and John Lisle, the second Duke of Buckingham regained possession. Lost to him, through his debts, the house ultimately passed (1674) into the hands of the trustees for George Digby, Earl of Bristol, and his Countess sold it in 1682 to Henry, Marquess of Worcester, afterwards Duke of Beaufort, the house remaining in his family until 1720. It was during this period, about the year 1699, that Kip's beautiful view of the mansion - now called Beaufort House — was published, a priceless record of the property, so ruthlessly defaced and destroyed by Hans_Sloane{Sir Hans Sloane} after he purchased it in 1737. Mr. Randall Davies, whom I have followed in the account of the occupants of the house, has printed the interesting conveyance of the property to Sloane, and if its description is carefully collated with the information in Kip's view, one is struck by the wonderful accuracy of the latter. Here is the great house as shown by Thorpe, its lodges and its forecourts, the wharf, with its brick towers east and west, the orchard and 'one garden environed with brick walls … and a terrace on the north end, with a banqueting house on the east end of the terrace,' as well as 'one great garden … extending from the terrace and banqueting house into the highway on the north.' This banqueting house is alike in detail to the sketch of 'a summer house, Chelsea,' in the Smithson collection of seventeenth-century drawings, now in the possession of Colonel Coke. But valuable as is the representation of the great house, the print has much more information to give us. The great park is there shown in all its original beauty; the Duke of Beaufort's stables and yard, since converted into the historic chapel and burying ground of the Moravians is to the west; and nearer the river the beautiful Jacobean house of Sir Arthur Gorges (our sole evidence of its character and design) and the house and gardens of the Earls of Lindsey. And to the east, below the wide area of Dovecote Close, laid out as a huge kitchen garden, are the fine pleasure grounds of Danvers House, which had been destroyed but three years before the drawing was published.".

Around 1576 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester 1483-1572 wearing his Garter Collar and Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1559 Hans Eworth Painter 1520-1574 (39). Portrait of Mary Neville Baroness Dacre Gilsland 1524-1576 (35) and her son Gregory Fiennes 10th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1539-1594 (19).

Around 1565 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598 (44). His right-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

After 1590 Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley 1520-1598. His left-hand is holding the Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

In 1634. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (28).

In 1650. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Bulstrode Whitelocke 1605-1675 (44).

On 02 Dec 1682 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (53) was created 1st Duke Beaufort 1C 1682. Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (52) by marriage Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 21 Jan 1700 Henry Somerset 1st Duke Beaufort 1629-1700 (71) died at Badminton. He was buried at Beaufort Chapel St George's Chapel Windsor Castle. His grandson Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (15) succeeded 2nd Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 07 Jul 1702 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (18) and Mary Sackville 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1689-1705 (13) were married (he was her fourth cousin). Mary Sackville 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1689-1705 (13) by marriage 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 26 Feb 1706 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (21) and Rachel Noel 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1687-1709 (19) were married (he was her fourth cousin). Rachel Noel 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1687-1709 (19) by marriage 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 14 Sep 1711 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (27) and Mary Osborne Duchess Beaufort 1688-1722 (23) were married. Mary Osborne Duchess Beaufort 1688-1722 (23) by marriage 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 24 Apr 1714 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort 1684-1714 (30) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His son Henry Somerset 3rd Duke Beaufort 1707-1745 (7) succeeded 3rd Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 28 Jun 1729 Henry Somerset 3rd Duke Beaufort 1707-1745 (22) and Francis Scudamore 3rd Duchess Beaufort 1711-1750 (18) were married. She (18) by marriage Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 01 May 1740 Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort 1709-1756 (30) and Elizabeth Berkeley 4th Duchess Beaufort 1719-1799 (21) were married. Elizabeth Berkeley 4th Duchess Beaufort 1719-1799 (21) by marriage 4th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 26 Feb 1745 Henry Somerset 3rd Duke Beaufort 1707-1745 (37) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His brother Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort 1709-1756 (35) succeeded 4th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 28 Oct 1756 Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort 1709-1756 (47) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His son Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort 1744-1803 (12) succeeded 5th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 02 Jan 1766 Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort 1744-1803 (21) and Elizabeth Boscawen 5th Duchess Beaufort 1747-1828 (18) were married. Elizabeth Boscawen 5th Duchess Beaufort 1747-1828 (18) by marriage 5th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 11 Oct 1803 Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort 1744-1803 (58) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His son Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort 1766-1835 (36) succeeded 6th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682. Charlotte Sophia Leveson Gower 6th Duchess Beaufort 1771-1854 (32) by marriage 6th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 23 Nov 1835 Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort 1766-1835 (68) died. His son Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort 1792-1853 (43) succeeded 7th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682. Emily Frances Smith 7th Duchess Beaufort 1800-1889 (35) by marriage 7th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 17 Nov 1853 Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort 1792-1853 (61) died. His son Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort 1824-1899 (29) succeeded 8th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682. Georgiana Charlotte Curzon Howe 8th Duchess Beaufort 1825-1906 (28) by marriage 8th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

In 1899 Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort 1824-1899 (75) died at Badminton House Badminton. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His son Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort 1847-1924 (51) succeeded 9th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682. Louise Emily Harford 9th Duchess Beaufort by marriage 9th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 14 Jun 1923 Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy Somerset 10th Duke Beaufort 1900-1984 (23) and Mary Cambridge 10th Duchess Beaufort 1897-1987 (26) were married (he was her half fourth cousin). Mary Cambridge 10th Duchess Beaufort 1897-1987 (26) by marriage 10th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 24 Nov 1924 Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort 1847-1924 (77) died at Badminton House Badminton. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His son Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy Somerset 10th Duke Beaufort 1900-1984 (24) succeeded 10th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 05 Jul 1950 David Fitzroy 11th Duke Beaufort and Caroline Jane Thynne 11th Duchess Beaufort 1928-1995 (22) were married. Caroline Jane Thynne 11th Duchess Beaufort 1928-1995 (22) by marriage 11th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 05 Feb 1984 Henry Hugh Arthur Fitzroy Somerset 10th Duke Beaufort 1900-1984 (83) died at Badminton House Badminton without issue. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church Badminton. His first cousin twice removed David Fitzroy 11th Duke Beaufort succeeded 11th Duke Beaufort 1C 1682.

On 02 Jun 2000 David Fitzroy 11th Duke Beaufort and Miranda Morley 11th Duchess Beaufort were married. Miranda Morley 11th Duchess Beaufort by marriage 11th Duchess Beaufort 1C 1682.

Duke Bedford

Duke Bedford 2C 1433

In 1433 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (43) was recreated 1st Duke Bedford 2C 1433.

John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

On 22 Apr 1433 John Duke Bedford (43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (18) were married at Thérouanne. Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (18) by marriage Duchess Bedford 2C 1433. The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (36), John's late wife's brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, as an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

Duke Bedford 3C 1470

Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

On 27 Mar 1470 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford 1461-1483 (9) was created 1st Duke Bedford 3C 1470 in preparation for his marriage to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503 (4) which didn't, in the end, take place. He, George, was nephew to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (42) possibly as a consequence of the Kingmaker's defection.

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Duke Bedford 4C 1478

In 1478 George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was created 1st Duke Bedford 4C 1478.

Duke Bedford 5C 1485

Coronation of Henry VII

On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford 5C 1485 by his nephew Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford 5C 1485.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby 3C 1485.
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26) was created 1st Earl Devon 3C 1485.
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewkenor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Duke Bedford 6C 1694

On 11 May 1694 William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (77) was created 1st Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 1st Marquess Tavistock.

On 07 Sep 1700 William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (84) died at Bedford House Covent Garden. His grandson Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 (19) succeeded 2nd Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 2nd Marquess Tavistock, 2nd Baron Howland of Streatham.

Before 13 Aug 1703 Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 and Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford 1682-1724 were married. Elizabeth Howland Duchess Bedford 1682-1724 by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 26 May 1711 Wriothesley Russell 2nd Duke Bedford 1680-1711 (30) died. His son Wriothesley Russell 3rd Duke Bedford 1708-1732 (3) succeeded 3rd Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 3rd Marquess Tavistock.

On 22 Apr 1725 Wriothesley Russell 3rd Duke Bedford 1708-1732 (16) and Anne Egerton Duchess Bedford -1762 were married. Anne Egerton Duchess Bedford -1762 by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694. She was the step-daughter of his sister Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater 1707-1777 (18).

On 23 Oct 1732 Wriothesley Russell 3rd Duke Bedford 1708-1732 (24) died at A Coruña. He was buried at Bedford Chapel St Michael's Church Chenies. His brother John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 (22) succeeded 4th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 4th Marquess Tavistock. Diana Spencer Duchess Bedford 1710-1735 (22) by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

In Apr 1737 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 (26) and Gertrude Leveson Gower Duchess Bedford -1794 were married. Gertrude Leveson Gower Duchess Bedford -1794 by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 05 Jan 1771 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford 1710-1771 (60) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel St Michael's Church Chenies. His grandson Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (5) succeeded 5th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 5th Marquess Tavistock.

On 02 Mar 1802 Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford 1765-1802 (36) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel St Michael's Church Chenies. His brother John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (35) succeeded 6th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 6th Marquess Tavistock.

On 23 Jun 1803 John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (36) and Georgiana Gordon Duchess Bedford 1781-1853 (21) were married. Georgiana Gordon Duchess Bedford 1781-1853 (21) by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 20 Oct 1839 John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (73) died. His son Francis Russell 7th Duke Bedford 1788-1861 (51) succeeded 7th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 7th Marquess Tavistock. Anna Maria Stanhope Duchess Bedford 1783-1857 (56) by marriage Marchioness Tavistock.

On 18 Jan 1844 Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford 1819-1891 (24) and Elizabeth Sackville West Duchess Bedford 1818-1897 (25) were married (he was her third cousin once removed). Elizabeth Sackville West Duchess Bedford 1818-1897 (25) by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 14 May 1861 Francis Russell 7th Duke Bedford 1788-1861 (73) died. His son William Russell 8th Duke Bedford 1809-1872 (51) succeeded 8th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 8th Marquess Tavistock.

On 27 May 1872 William Russell 8th Duke Bedford 1809-1872 (62) died. His first cousin Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford 1819-1891 (52) succeeded 9th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 9th Marquess Tavistock.

On 14 Jan 1891 Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford 1819-1891 (71) committed suicide having shot himself as a result of insanity in Eaton Square Belgravia. His son George William Sackville 10th Duke Bedford 1852-1893 (38) succeeded 10th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 10th Marquess Tavistock. Adeline Marie Somers Duchess Bedford 1852-1920 (38) by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 23 Mar 1893 George William Sackville 10th Duke Bedford 1852-1893 (40) died. George William Sackville 10th Duke Bedford 1852-1893 (40) was buried at Bedford Chapel St Michael's Church Chenies. His brother Herbrand Arthur Sackville 11th Duke Bedford 1858-1940 (35) succeeded 11th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 11th Marquess Tavistock. Mary Caurroy Tribe Duchess Bedford by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 06 Apr 1939 John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford 1917-2002 (21) and Clare Hollway Duchess Bedford were married. Clare Hollway Duchess Bedford by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 27 Aug 1940 Herbrand Arthur Sackville 11th Duke Bedford 1858-1940 (82) died. His son Hastings William Russell 12th Duke Bedford 1888-1953 (51) succeeded 12th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 12th Marquess Tavistock. Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell Duchess Bedford by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 09 Oct 1953 Hastings William Russell 12th Duke Bedford 1888-1953 (64) died. His son John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford 1917-2002 (36) succeeded 13th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 13th Marquess Tavistock.

On 25 Oct 2002 John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford 1917-2002 (85) died. His son Henry Robin Ian Russell 14th Duke Bedford 1940-2003 (62) succeeded 14th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 14th Marquess Tavistock. Henrietta Joan Tiarks Duchess Bedford by marriage Duchess Bedford 6C 1694.

On 13 Jun 2003 Henry Robin Ian Russell 14th Duke Bedford 1940-2003 (63) died. His son Andrew Ian Henry Russell 15th Duke Bedford 1962- succeeded 15th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 15th Marquess Tavistock.

Duke Berwick

Carlos María Fitz James Stuart 16th Duke Alba 14th Duke Veragua 9th Duke Berwick 1849-1901 succeeded 16th Duke Alba, 14th Duke Veragua, 9th Duke of Jérica, 9th Duke of Liria, 9th Duke Berwick.

In 1687 James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (16) was created 1st Duke Berwick by his father James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (53).

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

On 26 Mar 1695 James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (24) and Honora Burke Duchess Berwick 1674-1698 (21) were married at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. Honora Burke Duchess Berwick 1674-1698 (21) by marriage Duchess Berwick.

On 12 Jun 1734 James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick 1670-1734 (63) died. His son James Fitz James 2nd Duke Berwick 1696-1738 (37) succeeded 2nd Duke Berwick. Catalina Ventura Colón Duchess Berwick 9th Duchess Veragua 1690-1739 (43) by marriage Duchess Berwick.

On 02 Jun 1738 James Fitz James 2nd Duke Berwick 1696-1738 (41) died at Naples. His son James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua 1718-1785 (19) succeeded 3rd Duke Berwick.

On 26 Jul 1738 James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua 1718-1785 (19) and Maria Teresa Silva Duchess Berwick and Veragua 1716-1790 (22) were married. Maria Teresa Silva Duchess Berwick and Veragua 1716-1790 (22) by marriage Duchess Berwick.

On 09 Oct 1771 Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick 1752-1787 (19) and Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick 1755-1828 (16) were married. Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick 1755-1828 (16) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick.

On 30 Sep 1785 James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua 1718-1785 (66) died at Valencia. His son Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick 1752-1787 (33) succeeded 10th Duke Veragua, 4th Duke of Liria, 4th Duke of Jérica, 4th Duke Berwick. Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick 1755-1828 (30).

On 07 Sep 1787 Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick 1752-1787 (35) died at Madrid. His son Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 5th Duke Berwick 1773-1794 (14) succeeded 10th Duke Veragua, 5th Duke of Jérica, 5th Duke of Liria, 5th Duke Berwick.

On 24 Jan 1790 Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 5th Duke Berwick 1773-1794 (16) and María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) were married. María Teresa Fernández Silva Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick 1772-1818 (17) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick.

On 03 Apr 1794 Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 5th Duke Berwick 1773-1794 (21) died at Madrid. His son Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 11th Duke Veragua 6th Duke Berwick 1792-1795 (2) succeeded 11th Duke Veragua, 6th Duke of Jérica, 6th Duke of Liria, 6th Duke Berwick.

On 05 Jan 1795 Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 11th Duke Veragua 6th Duke Berwick 1792-1795 (3) died. On 05 Jan 1795 His brother Carlos Miguel Fitz James Stuart 12th Duke Veragua 7th Duke Berwick 14th Duke Alba 1794-1835 succeeded 12th Duke Veragua, 7th Duke of Jérica, 7th Duke of Liria, 7th Duke Berwick.

In 1819 Carlos Miguel Fitz James Stuart 12th Duke Veragua 7th Duke Berwick 14th Duke Alba 1794-1835 (24) and Rosalía Ventimiglia Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba 1798-1868 (21) were married. Rosalía Ventimiglia Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba 1798-1868 (21) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick, Duke Alba.

On 07 Oct 1835 Carlos Miguel Fitz James Stuart 12th Duke Veragua 7th Duke Berwick 14th Duke Alba 1794-1835 (41) died. On 07 Oct 1835 His son Jacopo Fitz James Stuart 15th Duke Alba 13th Duke Veragua 8th Duke Berwick 1821- succeeded 15th Duke Alba, 13th Duke Veragua, 8th Duke of Jérica, 8th Duke of Liria, 8th Duke Berwick.

On 14 Feb 1838 Jacopo Fitz James Stuart 15th Duke Alba 13th Duke Veragua 8th Duke Berwick 1821- and María Francisca "Paca" Palafox Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba 1825-1860 (13) were married at Madrid. María Francisca "Paca" Palafox Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba 1825-1860 (13) by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duke of Liria, Duke of Jérica, Duke Berwick, Duke Alba.

Duke Bolton

Coronation William III and Mary II

On 09 Apr 1689 a number of new peers were created at the Coronation William III and Mary II ...
Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (59) was created 1st Duke Bolton.
Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth 1658-1735 (31) was created 1st Earl Monmouth. Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough Countess Monmouth 1660-1709 (29) by marriage Countess Monmouth.
Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg 1627-1700 (62) was created 1st Earl Fauconberg 1C 1689. Mary Cromwell Countess Fauconberg 1637-1713 (52) by marriage Countess Fauconberg 1C 1689.
William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland 1649-1709 (39) was created 1st Earl of Portland 2C 1689.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough Countess Monmouth 1660-1709 (40). One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

1651. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg 1627-1700 (24). Inscribed M D Hout.

On 27 Feb 1699 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (69) died. His son Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton 1661-1722 (38) succeeded 2nd Duke Bolton, 7th Marquess Winchester.

On 21 Jan 1722 Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton 1661-1722 (61) died. His son Charles Powlett 3rd Duke Bolton 1685-1754 (36) succeeded 3rd Duke Bolton, 8th Marquess Winchester.

On 26 Aug 1754 Charles Powlett 3rd Duke Bolton 1685-1754 (68) died. His brother Harry Powlett 4th Duke Bolton 1691-1759 (63) succeeded 4th Duke Bolton, 8th Marquess Winchester. Catherine Parry 6th Duchess Bolton by marriage Duchess Bolton.

On 09 Oct 1759 Harry Powlett 4th Duke Bolton 1691-1759 (68) died. His son Charles Powlett 5th Duke Bolton 1718-1765 (41) succeeded 5th Duke Bolton, 9th Marquess Winchester.

On 05 Jul 1765 Charles Powlett 5th Duke Bolton 1718-1765 (47) committed suicide at Grosvenor Square shooting himself in the head with a pistol. His brother Harry Powlett 6th Duke Bolton 1720- succeeded 6th Duke Bolton, 10th Marquess Winchester.

Duke Brandon of Suffolk

In 1711 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (52) was created 1st Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 1st Baron Dutton of Cheshire. Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (31) by marriage Duchess Brandon of Suffolk.

Hamilton–Mohun Duel

On 12 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) duelled with James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) at Hyde Park over a legal dispute about the estate and inheritance of the late Earl Macclesfield 1C 1679.
Mohun had married Charlotte Orby Baroness Mohun Okehampton grand-daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield 1618-1694. James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) had married Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon 1680-1743 (32).
On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton 4th Duke Hamilton 1st Duke Brandon 1658-1712 (54) died from wounds received duelling. His son James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (9) succeeded 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.
On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton 1675-1712 (37) died from wounds received duelling; his father had died the same way.

On 14 Feb 1723 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (20) and Anne Cochrane Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1706-1724 (17) were married. Anne Cochrane Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1706-1724 (17) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

Before 03 Nov 1729 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 and Elizabeth Strangeways Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon -1729 were married. Elizabeth Strangeways Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon -1729 by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 21 Aug 1737 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (34) and Anne Spencer Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1710-1771 (27) were married. Anne Spencer Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1710-1771 (27) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 02 Mar 1743 James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon 1703-1743 (40) died. His son James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (18) succeeded 6th Duke Hamilton, 3rd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 3rd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

Marriage of James Duke Hamilton and Elizabeth Gunning on the Day they Met

On 14 Feb 1752 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (27) and Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton 1733-1790 (18) met for the first time at a Valentine's Ball at Bedford House Covent Garden. He proposed marriage.
James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (27) and Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton 1733-1790 (18) were married at Mayfair Chapel Curzon Street the same night; the location being one where he didn't require a license. This before the Marriage Act of 1753. Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton 1733-1790 (18) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 17 Jan 1758 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (33) died. His son James Hamilton 7th Duke Hamilton 4th Duke Brandon 1755-1769 (2) succeeded 7th Duke Hamilton, 4th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 4th Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

On 07 Jul 1769 James Hamilton 7th Duke Hamilton 4th Duke Brandon 1755-1769 (14) died at Hamilton Palace, Hamilton. His brother Douglas Hamilton 8th Duke Hamilton 5th Duke Brandon 1756-1799 (12) succeeded 8th Duke Hamilton, 5th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 5th Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

Around 1777 Douglas Hamilton 8th Duke Hamilton 5th Duke Brandon 1756-1799 (20) and Elizabeth Anne Burrell Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1757-1837 (19) were married. Elizabeth Anne Burrell Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1757-1837 (19) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 02 Aug 1799 Douglas Hamilton 8th Duke Hamilton 5th Duke Brandon 1756-1799 (43) died at Hamilton Palace, Hamilton. His uncle Archibald Hamilton 9th Duke Hamilton 6th Duke Brandon 1740-1819 (59) succeeded 9th Duke Hamilton, 6th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 6th Baron Dutton of Cheshire. Harriet Stewart Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon -1788 by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 16 Feb 1819 Archibald Hamilton 9th Duke Hamilton 6th Duke Brandon 1740-1819 (78) died. His son Alexander Hamilton 10th Duke Hamilton 7th Duke Brandon 1767-1852 (51) succeeded 10th Duke Hamilton, 7th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 7th Baron Dutton of Cheshire. Susanna Euphemia Beckford Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1786-1859 (32) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

On 18 Aug 1852 Alexander Hamilton 10th Duke Hamilton 7th Duke Brandon 1767-1852 (84) died. His son William Alexander Archibald Hamilton 11th Duke Hamilton 8th Duke Brandon 1811-1863 (41) succeeded 11th Duke Hamilton, 8th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 8th Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

Before 08 Jul 1863. Richard Buckner Painter 1812-1883. Portrait of William Alexander Archibald Hamilton 11th Duke Hamilton 8th Duke Brandon 1811-1863.

On 08 Jul 1863 William Alexander Archibald Hamilton 11th Duke Hamilton 8th Duke Brandon 1811-1863 (52) died. His son William Douglas Hamilton 12th Duke Hamilton 9th Duke Brandon 1845-1895 (18) succeeded 12th Duke Hamilton, 9th Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 9th Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

Before 08 Jul 1863. Richard Buckner Painter 1812-1883. Portrait of William Alexander Archibald Hamilton 11th Duke Hamilton 8th Duke Brandon 1811-1863.

Around 1863. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (57). Portrait of William Douglas Hamilton 12th Duke Hamilton 9th Duke Brandon 1845-1895 (17).

On 10 Dec 1873 William Douglas Hamilton 12th Duke Hamilton 9th Duke Brandon 1845-1895 (28) and Mary Louisa Elizabeth Montagu Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1854-1934 (18) were married. Mary Louisa Elizabeth Montagu Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1854-1934 (18) by marriage Duchess Hamilton, Duke Brandon of Suffolk.

Around 1863. Franz Xaver Winterhalter Painter 1805-1873 (57). Portrait of William Douglas Hamilton 12th Duke Hamilton 9th Duke Brandon 1845-1895 (17).

Duke Bridgewater

In 1620 Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633 (45) was created 1st Viscount Falkland. Elizabeth Tanfield Duchess Bridgewater 1585-1639 (35) by marriage Duchess Bridgewater.

Around 1600. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Henry Carey 1st Viscount Falkland 1575-1633 (25).

Around 1616 William Larkin Painter 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Elizabeth Tanfield Duchess Bridgewater 1585-1639 (31).

On 18 Jun 1720 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (38) was created 1st Duke Bridgewater.

On 04 Aug 1722 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (40) and Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater 1707-1777 (15) were married. Rachel Russell Duchess Bridgewater 1707-1777 (15) by marriage Duchess Bridgewater.

On 11 Jan 1744 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (62) died. His son John Egerton 2nd Duke Bridgewater 1727-1748 (16) succeeded 2nd Duke Bridgewater, 5th Earl Bridgewater 2C 1617.

On 26 Feb 1748 John Egerton 2nd Duke Bridgewater 1727-1748 (20) died unmarried. His brother Francis Egerton 3rd Duke Bridgewater 1736-1803 (11) succeeded 3rd Duke Bridgewater, 6th Earl Bridgewater 2C 1617.

On 08 Mar 1803 Francis Egerton 3rd Duke Bridgewater 1736-1803 (66) died unmarried. Duke Bridgewater extinct. His first cousin once removed John William Egerton 7th Earl Bridgewater -1823 succeeded 7th Earl Bridgewater 2C 1617.

Duke of Buckingham

Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444

In Sep 1444 Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (42) was created 1st Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444 by Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (22) in reward many years of loyal and continuous service to the Crown. Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 1C 1444.

1460 Battle of Northampton

On 10 Jul 1460 the Yorkist army led by the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) and including Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (32), George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (28), William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (55), Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (43), Edward Brooke 6th Baron Cobham 1415-1464 (45) and John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (22) defeated the Lancastrian army at the 1460 Battle of Northampton.
Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (38) was captured.
Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (57) was killed. His grandson Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (5) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444, 7th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 8th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.
John Talbot 2nd Earl Shrewsbury 2nd Earl Waterford 1417-1460 (42) was killed. His son John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (11) succeeded 3rd Earl Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 3rd Earl Waterford, 8th Baron Furnivall 1C 1295, 12th Baron Strange Blackmere 1C 1309, 9th Baron Talbot 1C 1331.
Thomas Percy 1st Baron Egremont 1422-1460 (37) was killed.
John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (50) was killed. His son William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) succeeded 2nd Viscount Beaumont, 7th Baron Beaumont.
Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 fought.
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and William Norreys 1441-1507 (19) were knighted.
Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 was executed following the battle. .

In 1466 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (11) and Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (8) were married. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (8) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 1C 1444.

In 1485 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (6) was restored 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1C 1444.

In Dec 1489 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham 1478-1521 (11) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 were married (he was her third cousin). Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 1C 1444. The executors of her father Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland 1449-1489, who had been hanged by rebels during the Northern Rebellion earlier in the year, having paid Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (32) £4000 for the privilege. His father, Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483, had been hanged for treason in 1483.

Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623

On 18 May 1623 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (30) was created 1st Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623. Katherine Manners Duchess Buckingham 1602-1649 (21) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 2C 1623.

On 23 Aug 1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham 1592-1628 (35) was murdered at Greyhound Pub Portsmouth by a disgruntled soldier John Felton. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham 2C 1623, 2nd Earl Buckingham 5C 1617, 19th Baron Ros Helmsley.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 August. 14 Aug 1654. I took a journey into the Northern parts, riding through Oakham, a pretty town in Rutlandshire, famous for the tenure of the Barons (Ferrers), who hold it by taking off a shoe from every nobleman's horse that passes with his lord through the street, unless redeemed with a certain piece of money. In token of this, are several gilded shoes nailed up on the castle gate, which seems to have been large and fair. Hence, we went by Brook, a very sweet seat and park of the old Lady Camden's. Next, by Burleigh House, belonging to the Duke of Buckingham, and worthily reckoned among the noblest seats in England, situate on the brow of a hill, built à la moderne near a park walled in, and a fine wood at the descent.
Now we were come to Cottsmore, a pretty seat belonging to Mr. Heath, son of the late Lord Chief Justice of that name. Here, after dinner, parting with the company that conducted us thus far, I passed that evening by Belvoir Castle, built on a round mount at the point of a long ridge of hills, which affords a stately prospect, and is famous for its strenuous resistance in the late civil war.
Went by Newark-on-Trent, a brave town and garrison. Next, by Wharton House, belonging to the Lord Chaworth, a handsome seat; then by Home, a noble place belonging to the Marquis of Dorchester (48), and passed the famous River Trent, which divides the South from the North of England; and so lay that night at Nottingham.
This whole town and county seems to be but one entire rock, as it were, an exceedingly pleasant shire, full of gentry. Here, I observed divers to live in the rocks and caves, much after the manner as about Tours, in France. The church is well built on an eminence; there is a fair house of the Lord Clare's, another of Pierrepont's; an ample market place; large streets, full of crosses; the relics of an ancient castle, hollowed beneath which are many caverns, especially that of the Scots' King, and his work while there.
This place is remarkable for being the place where his Majesty first erected his standard at the beginning of our late unhappy differences. The prospects from this city toward the river and meadows are most delightful.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (33). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641 (37). Portrait of Charles I King England Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (36).

On 15 Sep 1657 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1628-1687 (29) and Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (19) were married. Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720 (19) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham 2C 1623.

Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703

In 1822 Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1776-1839 (45) was created 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703. Anne Elizabeth Brydges Duchess Buckingham and Chandos 1779-1836 (43) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703.

On 17 Jan 1839 Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1776-1839 (62) died. His son Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1797-1861 (41) succeeded 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703. Mary Campbell Duchess Buckingham and Chandos 1795-1862 (43) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703.

On 29 Jul 1861 Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1797-1861 (64) died at the Great Western Hotel Paddington. His son Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1797-1889 (37) succeeded 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703, 3rd Earl Temple of Stowe.

In 1885 Richard Temple Nugent Brydges Chandos Granville 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 1797-1889 (61) and Alice Anne Graham Montgomery Duchess Buckingham and Chandos 1847–1931 (38) were married. She (38) by marriage Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos 3C 1703.

1901. Frank Bernard Dicksee Painter 1853-1928 (47). Portrait of Alice Anne Graham Montgomery Duchess Buckingham and Chandos 1847–1931 (54).