On this Day in History ... 11 June
On 11 Jun 1349 William Montagu 1st Earl Salisbury 1301-1349 (48) died. His son William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 2C 1337, 4th Baron Montagu. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (20) by marriage Countess Salisbury 2C 1337.
On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.
On 11 Jun 1429 Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17) and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) fought at Jargeau, Loiret during the Battle of Jargeau. Alexander Pole -1429 was killed. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (32) surrendered.
On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) at Much Hadham Palace Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'. He a grandson of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422.
On 11 Jun 1456 Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 was born to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (28) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick 1426-1492 (29). She a 3 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England.
On 11 Jun 1467 the fighting on horseback took place witnessed by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25). John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl Worcester 1427-1470 (40) was Master of the Ceremonies accompanied by John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (42). The day ended with the Bastard's (46) horse having being accidentally fatally injured by Lord Scales' saddle. .
On 11 Jun 1488 James III King Scotland 1451-1488 (36) was killed in action or attempting to escape, at the Battle of Sauchieburn. His son James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (15) succeeded IV King Scotland: Stewart.
On 11 Jun 1488 Alexander Stewart 3rd of Garlies -1500 fought at the Battle of Sauchieburn. Alexander Cunningham 1st Earl Glencairn 1426-1488 (62) was killed at the Battle of Sauchieburn. Robert Cunningham de jure 2nd Earl Glencairn 1451-1490 (37) succeeded 2nd Earl Glencairn.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 11 Jun 1528. R. O. St. P. VII. 77. 4355. Gardiner (45) to Henry VIII (36).
Has at last conduced to the setting forward of Campeggio, as will appear by the Cardinal's letters sent to Fox. Thinks the King will be satisfied with their services. It is a great heaviness to them to be accused of want of diligence and sincerity. After many altercations and promises made to the Pope, he has consented at last to send the commission by Campeggio. We urged the Pope to express the matter in special terms, but could not prevail with him in consequence of the difficulty. He said you would understand his meaning by the words, "inventuri sumus aliquam formam." (fn. 1) I may be deceived, but I think the Pope means well. If I thought otherwise I would certainly tell the truth, for your Majesty is templum fidei et veritatis unicum in orbe relictum. Your Majesty will now understand how much the words spoken by you to Tuke do prick me. Apologises for his rude writing. Viterbo, 11 June.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 11 Jun 1528. Vit. B. XII. 4. B. M. Burnet, I. 103. Anne Boleyn (27) to Wolsey (55).
My Lord, in my most humble wise I desire you to pardon me that I am so bold to trouble you with my simple and rude writing, proceeding from one who is much desirous to know that your Grace does well, as I perceive by this bearer. The great pains you take for me, both day and night, are never likely to be recompensed, "but alonely in loving you, next unto the King's grace, above all creatures living," as my deeds shall manifest. I long to hear from you news of the Legate, and hope they will be very good.
Added by the King:—The writer of this would not cease till she had called me likewise to set to my hand. Both of us desire to see you, and are glad to hear you have escaped the plague so well, trusting the fury of it is abated, especially with those that keep good diet, as I trust you do. The not hearing of the Legate's arrival in France causeth us somewhat to muse; but we trust by your diligence shortly to be eased of that trouble.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 11 Jun 1528. R. O. 4358. Brian Tuke to Thomas Derby (19).
Perceived by his letters that my Lord's pleasure is that lady Margaret's secretaries should be with him on Friday morning. Tuke will be there, but is forbidden to ride, and will therefore go by water. Is to assure Wolsey (55) that Stephens' letters did not come in the packet, as the bishop of Bath stated; and therefore Tuke supposed they were either in Mr. Peter's (Vannes') packet, or the same as the letters in Latin to Wolsey (55). Doubts not that the Cardinal will find they were not sent in the packet Tuke had. Missed them as soon as he read the bishop of Bath's letters, expecting himself to have heard from Mr. Stephens. This is all he can say. Thinks they have been left out of the packet by inadvertence, or else that my lord of Bath called Mr. Gregory's Mr. Stephens' letters. The bishop of Bath's packet came whole in a cover from the deputy of Calais, who said they had "flyen over the walls to him at 10 of the clock at night, and should fly over again to the post, to send them over incontinently; and with that packet was a truss in canvas, directed to my Lord's grace, which was not cast over the walls." The letters of sundry dates were put by Twichet into one packet. Sends various letters, and mentions others that came; some directed to the ambassador of Florence, others for Anthony Vivaldi, one to Nich. Carewe. Begs he may come on Friday, as, but for the King and Wolsey's (55) commandment, he would not stir from his chamber for 100l., "till a thing that is amiss in my body be better amended, for stirring is the most dangerous thing I can do, and besides potions and other medicines I am anointed morning and evening, and have other things administered to me not meet to be used in Court." London, Corpus Christ evening, late.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 11 Jun 1528. R. O. Wood's Lett., vol. II. 39. 4357. Lady Elizabeth Tailbois (57) to Wolsey (55).
Has received his letters, dated Durham Place, 15 May, desiring her to deliver to Sir Gilbert Tailbois (30), her son, lands to the yearly value of 100l., the residue of those worth 200l., appointed by Act of Parliament to him (30) and his wife (30) after her husband's decease, an annuity of 40l., and the money received from the lands from Mayday last. Will give him the lands, but begs to be excused from giving the money for the following reasons:—1. Since her husband's (61) visitation, when he was committed to Wolsey by the King, his rents have been employed for household expences and the marriages of his children, and not in wasteful expences. 2. There is now 150 marks owing of the marriage money of one of their children, for which her nearest friends are bound. 3. Her other son (26), brother to Sir Gilbert, has no assignment for his living, and must be provided for. 4. Wm. Bongham, an old servant of her husband's (61), who was accustomed to provide wheat and grain for the household, has gone away with money enough to provide for the whole year, and she is obliged to make fresh provision with the rents of the lordships for which her son Sir Gilbert asks, and of other lands also. 6. There are 10 score wild beasts in the lordship of Kyme, from which they used to provide beef for the household, but from which they can now get no profit. Has had little comfort since her husband's (61) last visitation, "and for the pleasure of God I have yielded me thereunto," and now my husband (61) is aged it would be hard to live in penury, and be unable to discharge our friends of the sums in which they are bound for us. If my son obtain his demands, we shall be obliged to break up house and "sparpull" our children and servants. He has now in his hands lands worth 342l. 17s. 11¾d.,—more than she and her husband (61) have. Will do all she can for him when her children are provided for and her debts paid. Goltaght, 11 June. Signed.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 4 1524 1530. 11 Jun 1528. R. O. St. P. I. 289. 4356. Thomas Hennege to Wolsey (55).
On 11 Jun 1557 John III King Portugal 1502-1557 (55) died. His grandson Sebastian King Portugal 1554-1578 (3) succeeded King Portugal: Aviz. Sebastian's paternal grandmother Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal 1507-1578 (50) acted as Regent during his minority being replaced by Henrique Aviz Cardinal King Portugal 1512-1580 (45) when she resigned in 1562.
On 11 Jun 1560 Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (44) died at Edinburgh Castle.
John Evelyn's Diary 1652 June. 11 Jun 1652. About four in the afternoon, being at bowls on the green, we discovered a vessel which proved to be that in which my wife (17) was, and which got into the harbor about eight that evening, to my no small joy. They had been three days at sea, and escaped the Dutch fleet, through which they passed, taken for fishers, which was great good fortune, there being seventeen bales of furniture and other rich plunder, which I bless God came all safe to land, together with my wife (17), and my Lady Browne (42), her mother, who accompanied her. My wife (17) being discomposed by having been so long at sea, we set not forth toward home till the 14th, when, hearing the smallpox was very rife in and about London, and Lady Browne (42) having a desire to drink Tunbridge waters, I carried them thither, and stayed in a very sweet place, private and refreshing, and took the waters myself till the 23d, when I went to prepare for their reception, leaving them for the present in their little cottage by the Wells.
The weather being hot, and having sent my man on before, I rode negligently under favor of the shade, till, within three miles of Bromley, at a place called the Procession Oak, two cutthroats started out, and striking with long staves at the horse, and taking hold of the reins, threw me down, took my sword, and hauled me into a deep thicket, some quarter of a mile from the highway, where they might securely rob me, as they soon did. What they got of money, was not considerable, but they took two rings, the one an emerald with diamonds, the other an onyx, and a pair of buckles set with rubies and diamonds, which were of value, and after all bound my hands behind me, and my feet, having before pulled off my boots; they then set me up against an oak, with most bloody threats to cut my throat if I offered to cry out, or make any noise; for they should be within hearing, I not being the person they looked for. I told them that if they had not basely surprised me they should not have had so easy a prize, and that it would teach me never to ride near a hedge, since, had I been in the midway, they dared not have adventured on me; at which they cocked their pistols, and told me they had long guns, too, and were fourteen companions. I begged for my onyx, and told them it being engraved with my arms would betray them; but nothing prevailed. My horse's bridle they slipped, and searched the saddle, which they pulled off, but let the horse graze, and then turning again bridled him and tied him to a tree, yet so as he might graze, and thus left me bound. My horse was perhaps not taken, because he was marked and cropped on both ears, and well known on that road. Left in this manner, grievously was I tormented with flies, ants, and the sun, nor was my anxiety little how I should get loose in that solitary place, where I could neither hear nor see any creature but my poor horse and a few sheep straggling in the copse.
After near two hours attempting, I got my hands to turn palm to palm, having been tied back to back, and then it was long before I could slip the cord over my wrists to my thumb, which at last I did, and then soon unbound my feet, and saddling my horse and roaming a while about, I at last perceived dust to rise, and soon after heard the rattling of a cart, toward which I made, and, by the help of two countrymen, I got back into the highway. I rode to Colonel Blount's, a great justiciary of the times, who sent out hue and cry immediately. The next morning, sore as my wrists and arms were, I went to London, and got 500 tickets printed and dispersed by an officer of Goldsmiths' Hall, and within two days had tidings of all I had lost, except my sword, which had a silver hilt, and some trifles. The rogues had pawned one of my rings for a trifle to a goldsmith's servant, before the tickets came to the shop, by which means they escaped; the other ring was bought by a victualer, who brought it to a goldsmith, but he having seen the ticket seized the man. I afterward discharged him on his protestation of innocence. Thus did God deliver me from these villains, and not only so, but restored what they took, as twice before he had graciously done, both at sea and land, I mean when I had been robbed by pirates, and was in danger of a considerable loss at Amsterdam; for which, and many, many signal preservations, I am extremely obliged to give thanks to God my Savior.
On 11 Jun 1660 Henry Wright 1st Baronet 1637-1664 (23) was created 1st Baronet Crew of Dagenham by Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30). Lady Ann Crew -1708 by marriage Lady Crew of Dagenham.
John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 11 Jun 1666. Trinity Monday, after a sermon, applied to the remeeting of the Corporation of the Trinity-House, after the late raging and wasting pestilence: I dined with them in their new room in Deptford, the first time since it was rebuilt.
On 11 Jun 1674 Katherine Dalston 1590-1674 (84) died (she the wife of Giles Savage 1585-1631) at Elmley Castle Elmley. She buried at St Mary the Virgin Church Elmley. Alabaster Table Tomb. She holding a Chrisom Child probably representing stillborn, or died soon after birth. At their feet two lions and what is described as a stag with an arrow through its neck.
John Evelyn's Diary 1683 June. 11 Jun 1683. The Lord Dartmouth (10) was elected Master of the Trinity House; son to George Legge (36), late Master of the Ordnance, and one of the grooms of the bedchamber; a great favorite of the Duke's (49), an active and understanding gentleman in sea affairs.
John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June. 11 Jun 1696. Dined at Lord Pembroke's (40), Lord Privy Seal, a very worthy gentleman. He showed me divers rare pictures of very many of the old and best masters, especially one of M. Angelo of a man gathering fruit to give to a woman, and a large book of the best drawings of the old masters. Sir John Fenwick (51), one of the conspirators, was taken. Great subscriptions in Scotland to their East India Company. Want of current money to carry on the smallest concerns, even for daily provisions in the markets. Guineas lowered to twenty-two shillings, and great sums daily transported to Holland, where it yields more, with other treasure sent to pay the armies, and nothing considerable coined of the new and now only current stamp, cause such a scarcity that tumults are every day feared, nobody paying or receiving money; so imprudent was the late Parliament to condemn the old though clipped and corrupted, till they had provided supplies. To this add the fraud of the bankers and goldsmiths, who having gotten immense riches by extortion, keep up their treasure in expectation of enhancing its value. Duncombe, not long since a mean goldsmith, having made a purchase of the late Duke of Buckingham's estate at nearly £90,000, and reputed to have nearly as much in cash. Banks and lotteries every day set up.
John Evelyn's Diary 1699. 11 Jun 1699. After a long drought, we had a refreshing shower. The day before, there was a dreadful fire at Rotherhithe, near the Thames side, which burned divers ships, and consumed nearly three hundred houses. Now died the famous Duchess of Mazarin (53); she had been the richest lady in Europe. She was niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and was married to the richest subject in Europe (67), as is said. She was born at Rome, educated in France, and was an extraordinary beauty and wit but dissolute and impatient of matrimonial restraint, so as to be abandoned by her husband (67), and banished, when she came into England for shelter, lived on a pension given her here, and is reported to have hastened her death by intemperate drinking strong spirits. She has written her own story and adventures, and so has her other extravagant sister (59), wife to the noble family of Colonna.
On 11 Jun 1726 Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain 1726-1746 was born to Philippe V King Spain 1683-1746 (42) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain 1692-1766 (33). She a great granddaughter of Louis "Sun King" XIV King France 1638-1715.
On 11 Jun 1727 George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727 (67) died. His son King George II of Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760 (43) succeeded II King Great Britain and Ireland. Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 1683-1737 (44) by marriage Queen Consort England.
On 11 Jun 1917 Constantine I King Greece 1868-1923 (48) abdicated King Greece. His son Alexander I King Greece 1893-1920 (23) succeeded I King Greece. Aspasia Manos Queen Consort Greece by marriage Queen Consort Greece.