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On this Day in History ... 18 June

1429 Battle of Patay

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1661 Creation of Baronets

1683 Popish Plot

1815 Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1250 Theresa of Portugal Queen Consort Leon 1176-1250 (74) died.

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269-1298 was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (30) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (28) at Windsor Castle.

On 18 Jun 1291 Alfonso III King Aragon 1265-1291 (25) died. His brother James "The Just" II King Aragon 1267-1327 (23) succeeded II King Aragon.

On 18 Jun 1318 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (12) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (6) were married (he was her half first cousin once removed). He a 2 x great grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272 and grandson of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285. She a 4 x great granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189. She a daughter of Louis X King France I Navarre 1289-1316.

On 18 Jun 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 was born to King Edward II of England (34) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (23) at Woodstock Palace Woodstock. She was named for her paternal grandmother Eleanor of Castile.

Battle of Patay

On 18 Jun 1429 the Battle of Patay was the final engagement of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years War. The French forces commanded by Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17), Étienne Vignolles -1443 and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) defeated an English force of 5000. The English lost around 2000 men with Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (32), Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (40), and John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (46) being captured. John Fastolf 1380-1459 (49) fought.

On 18 Jun 1521 Maria of Portugal Duchess Viseu 1521-1577 was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (52) and Eleanor Habsburg Spain Queen Consort France Queen Consort Portugal 1498-1558 (22). She a 4 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1552 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577 (35). Portrait of Maria of Portugal Duchess Viseu 1521-1577 (30).

On 18 Jun 1522 Gilbert Tailboys 1st Baron Tailboys 1498-1530 (24) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton Baroness Tailboys 1498-1540 (24) were married. She the former mistress of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (30) had given given birth to Henry's illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy Tudor 1st Duke Richmond and Somerset 1519-1536 in Jun 1519.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6) was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln 7C 1525 at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33). .
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 was created 1st Marquess Exeter 1C 1525.
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland 3C 1525.
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Bridewell Palace. . He an illegitimate son of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 and 3 x great grandson of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422. He a son of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. He a 2 x great grandson of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Around 1543 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (59).

On 18 Jun 1538 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (26) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) were married (he was her third cousin) at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. He a grandson of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 and 3 x great grandson of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France 1368-1422.

Around 1535 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (15). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (22).

Around 1536 Corneille de Lyon Painter 1520-1575 (16). Portrait of James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (23).

John Evelyn's Diary 1657 June. 18 Jun 1657. At Greenwich I saw a sort of cat brought from the East Indies, shaped and snouted much like the Egyptian racoon, in the body like a monkey, and so footed; the ears and tail like a cat, only the tail much longer, and the skin variously ringed with black and white; with the tail it wound up its body like a serpent, and so got up into trees, and with it would wrap its whole body round. Its hair was woolly like a lamb; it was exceedingly nimble, gentle, and purred as does the cat.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 June. 18 Jun 1660. I proposed the embassy to Constantinople for Mr. Henshaw (42); but my Lord Winchelsea (32) struck in.
Goods that had been pillaged from Whitehall Palace during the Rebellion were now daily brought in, and restored upon proclamation; as plate, hangings, pictures, etc.

1661 Creation of Baronets

On 18 Jun 1661 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet Winchcombe 1642-1667 (18) was created 1st Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire..

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was born illegitimately to Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (21).

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 18 Jun 1666. Weary of this sad sight, I returned home.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 June. 18 Jun 1670. Dined at Goring House, whither my Lord Arlington (52) carried me from Whitehall with the Marquis of Worcester (41); there, we found Lord Sandwich (44), Viscount Stafford (55), the Lieutenant of the Tower, and others. After dinner, my Lord communicated to me his Majesty's (40) desire that I would engage to write the history of our late war with the Hollanders, which I had hitherto declined; this I found was ill taken, and that I should disoblige his Majesty (40), who had made choice of me to do him this service, and, if I would undertake it, I should have all the assistance the Secretary's office and others could give me, with other encouragements, which I could not decently refuse.
Lord Stafford (55) rose from the table, in some disorder, because there were roses stuck about the fruit when the dessert was set on the table; such an antipathy, it seems, he had to them as once Lady Selenger also had, and to that degree that, as Sir Kenelm Digby tells us, laying but a rose upon her cheek when she was asleep, it raised a blister: but Sir Kenelm was a teller of strange things.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 June. 18 Jun 1683. I was present, and saw and heard the humble submission and petition of the Lord Mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen, on behalf of the city of London, on the quo warranto against their charter which they delivered to his Majesty (53) in the presence chamber. It was delivered kneeling, and then the King (53) and Council went into the council chamber, the mayor and his brethren attending still in the presence chamber. After a short space they were called in, and my Lord Keeper made a speech to them, exaggerating the disorderly and riotous behavior in the late election, and polling for Papillon and Du Bois after the Common hall had been formally dissolved: with other misdemeanors, libels on the government, etc., by which they had incurred his Majesty's (53) high displeasure: and that but for this submission, and under such articles as the King (53) should require their obedience to, he would certainly enter judgment against them, which hitherto he had suspended. The things required were as follows: that they should neither elect mayor, sheriffs, aldermen, recorder, common Serjeant town clerk, coroner, nor steward of Southwark, without his Majesty's (53) approbation; and that if they presented any his Majesty (53) did not like, they should proceed in wonted manner to a second choice; if that was disapproved, his Majesty (53) to nominate them; and if within five days they thought good to assent to this, all former miscarriages should be forgotten. And so they tamely parted with their so ancient privileges after they had dined and been treated by the King (53). This was a signal and most remarkable period. What the consequences will prove, time will show. Divers of the old and most learned lawyers and judges were of opinion that they could not forfeit their charter, but might be personally punished for their misdemeanors; but the plurality of the younger judges and rising men judged it otherwise.
The Popish Plot also, which had hitherto made such a noise, began now sensibly to dwindle, through the folly, knavery, impudence, and giddiness of Oates (33), so as the Papists began to hold up their heads higher than ever, and those who had fled, flocked to London from abroad. Such sudden changes and eager doings there had been without anything steady or prudent, for these last seven years.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 June. 18 Jun 1685. I received a warrant to send out a horse with 12 dayes provision, &c.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 June. 18 Jun 1687. I dined at Mr. Blathwaite's (two miles from Hampton). This gentleman is Secretary of War, Clerk of the Council, etc., having raised himself by his industry from very moderate circumstances. He is a very proper, handsome person, very dexterous in business, and besides all this, has married a great fortune. His income by the Army, Council, and Secretary to the Committee of Foreign Plantations, brings him in above £2,000 per annum.

John Evelyn's Diary 1690 June. 18 Jun 1690. Fast day. Visited the Bishop of St. Asaph (62); his conversation was on the Vaudois in Savoy, who had been thought so near destruction and final extirpation by the French, being totally given up to slaughter, so that there were no hopes for them; but now it pleased God that the Duke of Savoy, who had hitherto joined with the French in their persecution, being now pressed by them to deliver up Saluzzo and Turin as cautionary towns, on suspicion that he might at last come into the Confederacy of the German Princes, did secretly concert measures with, and afterward declared for, them. He then invited these poor people from their dispersion among the mountains whither they had fled, and restored them to their country, their dwellings, and the exercise of their religion, and begged pardon for the ill usage they had received, charging it on the cruelty of the French who forced him to it. These being the remainder of those persecuted Christians which the Bishop of St. Asaph had so long affirmed to be the two witnesses spoken of in the Revelation, who should be killed and brought to life again, it was looked on as an extraordinary thing that this prophesying Bishop should persuade two fugitive ministers of the Vaudois to return to their country, and furnish them with £20 toward their journey, at that very time when nothing but universal destruction was to be expected, assuring them and showing them from the Apocalypse, that their countrymen should be returned safely to their country before they arrived. This happening contrary to all expectation and appearance, did exceedingly credit the Bishop's confidence how that prophecy of the witnesses should come to pass, just at the time, and the very month, he had spoken of some years before.
I afterward went with him to Mr. Boyle (77) and Lady Ranelagh (75) his sister, to whom he explained the necessity of it so fully, and so learnedly made out, with what events were immediately to follow, viz, the French King's ruin, the calling of the Jews to be near at hand, but that the Kingdom of Antichrist would not yet be utterly destroyed till thirty years, when Christ should begin the Millenium, not as personally and visibly reigning on earth, but that the true religion and universal peace should obtain through all the world. He showed how Mr. Brightman, Mr. Mede, and other interpreters of these events failed, by mistaking and reckoning the year as the Latins and others did, to consist of the present calculation, so many days to the year, whereas the Apocalypse reckons after the Persian account, as Daniel did, whose visions St. John all along explains as meaning only the Christian Church.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Richard Boyle 2nd Earl Cork 1st Earl Burlington 1612-1698.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June. 18 Jun 1696. The famous trial between my Lord Bath (67) and Lord Montague (57) for an estate of £11,000 a year, left by the Duke of Albemarle, wherein on several trials had been spent £20,000 between them. The Earl of Bath (34) was cast on evident forgery.

Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1815 Algernon Frederick Greville 1798-1864 (16) fought at Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Frederick Howard 1785-1815 (29) was killed during the Battle of Waterloo. He was buried at Castle Howard Mausoleum Castle Howard North Yorkshire.

On 18 Jun 1815 William Ponsonby 1772-1815 (42) was killed at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Edward Hawkins Cheney 1778-1848 (36) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 the Battle of Waterloo was fought.
Beaumont Hotham 3rd Baron Hotham 1794-1870 (20) was present.
Charles Augustus Fitzroy 1796-1858 (19) was wounded.
Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (47).

On 18 Jun 1815 Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood 1797-1857 (18) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.