Twenty Trees

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On this Day in History ... 22 July

1298 Battle of Falkirk

1470 Angers Agreement

1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair

1666 Great Plague of London

On 22 Jul 1210 Joan Plantagenet 1210-1238 was born to John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (43) and Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246 (22).

On 22 Jul 1274 Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 (30) died. His daughter Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 (1) succeeded I King Navarre.

Battle of Falkirk

On 22 Jul 1298 Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (59) defeated the Scottish army led by William Wallace -1305 during the Battle of Falkirk at Falkirk using archers to firstly attack the Scottish shiltrons with the heavy cavalry with infantry completing the defeat. The English were described in the Falkirk Roll that lists 111 men with their armorials including:.
Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315 (26).
Walter Beauchamp 1243-1303 (55).
Roger Bigod 5th Earl Norfolk 1245-1306 (53).
Humphrey Bohun 3rd Earl Hereford 2nd Earl Essex 1249-1298 (49).
Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 1274-1314 (24).
Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 (37).
William Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers Groby 1272-1325 (26).
Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley 1245-1321 (52).
Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 (27).
Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Codnor 1255-1308 (43).
Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey Wilton 1240-1308 (58).
John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Wilton 1268-1323 (30).
John Mohun 1st Baron Mohun Dunster 1269-1330 (29).
Simon Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1250-1316 (48).
Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 (11).
William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley 1255-1316 (43).
John Segrave 2nd Baron Segrave 1256-1325 (42).
Nicholas Segrave 1256-1321 (42).
Robert Vere 6th Earl Oxford 1257-1331 (41).
Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 (30).
Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester 2nd Earl Lancaster 5th Earl Salisbury 4th Earl Lincoln 1278-1322 (20).
Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 (17).
John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (67).
Henry Percy 1st Baron Percy 1273-1314 (25).
Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon 1276-1340 (21).
Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl Arundel 1267-1302 (31).
Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 (18).
John Capet II Duke Brittany 1239-1305 (59).
Philip Darcy 1258-1333 (39).
Robert Fitzroger.
Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1247-1326 (51), or possiby a Roger Fitzwalter?.
Simon Fraser -1306.
Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (23).
John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 (30), and.
Henry Lacy 3rd Earl Lincoln 4th Earl Salisbury 1251-1311 (47).
William Scrope 1245-1312 (53) was knighted.
John Stewart -1298 was killed.
John Moels 1st Baron Moels 1269-1310 (29) fought.
John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel 1254-1311 (44) fought.

On 22 Jul 1403 Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) was appointed 99th Knight of the Garter by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36)..

On 22 Jul 1455 Ursula of York 1455- was born to Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (43) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (40). She died young. She a 2 x great granddaughter of King Edward III England and 4 x great granddaughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314.

On 22 Jul 1461 Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (58) died. His son Louis "Father of the People" XI King France 1423-1483 (38) succeeded XI King France: Capet Valois. Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France 1441-1483 (19) by marriage Queen Consort France.

Angers Agreement

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (42), Henry VI King England II King France 1421-1471 (48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (47). Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 (16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 22 Jul 1478 Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile 1478-1506 was born to Maximilian Habsburg I Holy Roman Emperor 1459-1519 (19) and Mary Valois Burgundy Duchess Burgundy 1457-1482 (21). He a 4 x great grandson of King Edward III England and 4 x great grandson of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.

Battle of Lochmaben Fair

On 22 Jul 1484 James Douglas 9th Earl Douglas 3rd Earl Avondale 1426-1488 (58) was captured during the Battle of Lochmaben Fair. .

On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with obelisks at the corners.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 July. 22 Jul 1654. We departed and dined at a farm of my Uncle Hungerford's, called Darnford Magna, situated in a valley under the plain, most sweetly watered, abounding in trouts caught by spear in the night, when they come attracted by a light set in the stern of a boat.
After dinner, continuing our return, we passed over the goodly plain, or rather sea of carpet, which I think for evenness, extent, verdure, and innumerable flocks, to be one of the most delightful prospects in nature, and reminded me of the pleasant lives of shepherds we read of in romances.
Now we arrived at Stonehenge, indeed a stupendous. Monument, appearing at a distance like a castle; how so many and huge Pillars of stone should have been brought together, some erect, others transverse on the tops of them, in a circular area as rudely representing a cloister or heathen and more natural temple, is wonderful. The stone is so exceedingly hard, that all my strength with a hammer could not break a fragment; which hardness I impute to their so long exposure. To number them exactly is very difficult, they lie in such variety of postures and confusion, though they seemed not to exceed 100; we counted only 95. As to their being brought thither, there being no navigable river near, is by some admired; but for the stone, there seems to be the same kind about 20 miles distant, some of which appear above ground. About the same hills, are divers mounts raised, conceived to be ancient intrenchments, or places of burial, after bloody fights. We now went by Devizes, a reasonable large town, and came late to Cadenham.

Great Plague of London

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 July. 22 Jul 1666. Our parish still infected with the contagion.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 July. 22 Jul 1670. We rode out to see the great mere, or level, of recovered fen land, not far off. In the way, we met Lord Arlington (52) going to his house in Suffolk, accompanied with Count Ogniati, the Spanish minister, and Sir Bernard Gascoigne (56); he was very importunate with me to go with him to Euston, being but fifteen miles distant; but, in regard of my company, I could not. So, passing through Newmarket, we alighted to see his Majesty's (40) house there, now new-building; the arches of the cellars beneath are well turned by Mr. Samuel, the architect, the rest mean enough, and hardly fit for a hunting house. Many of the rooms above had the chimneys in the angles and corners, a mode now introduced by his Majesty (40), which I do at no hand approve of. I predict it will spoil many noble houses and rooms, if followed. It does only well in very small and trifling rooms, but takes from the state of greater. Besides, this house is placed in a dirty street, without any court or avenue, like a common one, whereas it might and ought to have been built at either end of the town, upon the very carpet where the sports are celebrated; but, it being the purchase of an old wretched house of my Lord Thomond's, his Majesty (40) was persuaded to set it on that foundation, the most improper imaginable for a house of sport and pleasure.
We went to see the stables and fine horses, of which many were here kept at a vast expense, with all the art and tenderness imaginable.
Being arrived at some meres, we found Lord Wotton and Sir John Kiviet (43) about their draining engines, having, it seems, undertaken to do wonders on a vast piece of marsh-ground they had hired of Sir Thomas Chicheley (master of the ordnance). They much pleased themselves with the hopes of a rich harvest of hemp and coleseed, which was the crop expected.
Here we visited the engines and mills both for wind and water, draining it through two rivers or graffs, cut by hand, and capable of carrying considerable barges, which went thwart one the other, discharging the water into the sea. Such this spot had been the former winter; it was astonishing to see it now dry, and so rich that weeds grew on the banks, almost as high as a man and horse. Here, my Lord and his partner had built two or three rooms, with Flanders white bricks, very hard. One of the great engines was in the kitchen, where !I saw the fish swim up, even to the very chimney hearth, by a small cut through the room, and running within a foot of the very fire.
Having, after dinner, ridden about that vast level, pestered with heat and swarms of gnats, we returned over Newmarket Heath, the way being mostly a sweet turf and down, like Salisbury Plain, the jockeys breathing their fine barbs and racers and giving them their heats.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1674 July. 22 Jul 1674. I went to Windsor with my wife (39) and son (19) to see my daughter Mary (9), who was there with my Lady Tuke and to do my duty to his Majesty (44). Next day, to a great entertainment at Sir Robert Holmes's (52) at Cranbourne Lodge, in the Forest; there were his Majesty (44), the Queen (35), Duke (40), Duchess (15), and all the Court. I returned in the evening with Sir Joseph Williamson (40), now declared Secretary of State. He was son of a poor clergyman somewhere in Cumberland, brought up at Queen's College, Oxford, of which he came to be a fellow; then traveled with ... and returning when the King (44) was restored, was received as a clerk under Mr. Secretary Nicholas. Sir Henry Bennett (56) (now Lord Arlington) succeeding, Williamson is transferred to him, who loving his ease more than business (though sufficiently able had he applied himself to it) remitted all to his man Williamson; and, in a short time, let him so into the secret of affairs, that (as his Lordship himself told me) there was a kind of necessity to advance him; and so, by his subtlety, dexterity, and insinuation, he got now to be principal Secretary; absolutely Lord Arlington's creature, and ungrateful enough. It has been the fate of this obliging favorite to advance those who soon forgot their original. Sir Joseph was a musician, could play at Jeu de Goblets, exceedingly formal, a severe master to his servants, but so inward with my Lord O'Brien (32), that after a few months of that gentleman's death, he married his widow (34), who, being sister and heir of the Duke of Richmond, brought him a noble fortune. It was thought they lived not so kindly after marriage as they did before. She was much censured for marrying so meanly, being herself allied to the Royal family.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 when Duke of York.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701 (37). Portrait of James II King England Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (38).

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

Around 1668 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (49). Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond 1639-1672 (28).

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 July. 16 Jul 1677. I went to Wotton. 22d. Mr. Evans, curate of Abinger, preached an excellent sermon on Matt. v. 12. In the afternoon, Mr. Higham at Wotton catechised.

John Evelyn's Diary 1679 July. 22 Jul 1679. Dined at Clapham, at Sir D. Gauden's; went thence with him to Windsor, to assist him in a business with his Majesty (49). I lay that night at Eton College, the Provost's lodgings (Dr. Craddock), where I was courteously entertained.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 12 Aug 1778 Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1714-1778 (64) died. His son Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (21) succeeded 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven, 4th Marquess Lindsay, 7th Earl Lindsey, 20th Baron Willoughby Eresby.
On 08 Jul 1779 Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (22) died at Grimsthorpe South Kesteven. His uncle Brownlow Bertie 5th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1729-1809 (49) succeeded 5th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven, 5th Marquess Lindsay, 8th Earl Lindsey. His sister Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth Bertie 21st Baroness Willoughby Eresby 1761-1828 (17) succeeded 21st Baron Willoughby Eresby.
On 22 Jul 1779 Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (22) was buried at Edenham South Kesteven.
Monument to Peregrine Bertie 3rd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1714-1778 (64) and Robert Bertie 4th Duke Ancaster and Kesteven 1756-1779 (21) in Church of St Michael and All Angels Edenham South Kesteven. On the south side by Charles Harris Sculptor 1749-1795 (28). Pointed back panel of black marble before which is a carving of the deceased seated in ducal robes, holding a cameo of the Duchess, beside him stands the fourth Duke in Roman dress. The figures are flanked by urns. The base is carved with flutes and Paterae and to the centre are bronze plates bearing the memorial inscription.

On 22 Jul 1824 Philip Hamond of High House in West Acre in Norfolk 1782-1824 (42) died. On 30 Nov 1847 Anne Packe 1777-1847 (70) died. Memorial in All Saints Church West Acre.

On 22 Jul 1844 Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester 1803-1844 (41) died. St Chad's Church Longford. Monument to Anne Amelia Keppel Countess Leicester 1803-1844 (41). White marble with relief carving of angels.

On 22 Jul 1909 Rev George Halliley Capron of Southwick 1816-1909 (92) died. Memorial in Church of St Rumbold Stoke Doyle by Fisher of Leicester.