Twenty Trees

On this Day in History ... 23 February

1421 Coronation of Catherine of Valois

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1188 Peter Burgundy 1188-1258 was born to Sancho "Populator" I King Portugal 1154-1211 (33) and Dulce Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal. He a 4 x great grandson of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031.

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54), John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 were beheaded at Tower Hill.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.

Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill. .

John Evelyn's Diary 1645 February. 23 Feb 1645. I went to hear a sermon at St. Giacomo degli Incurabili, a fair church built by F. da Volterra, of good architecture, and so is the hospital, where only desperate patients are brought. I passed the evening at St. Maria del Popolo, heretofore Nero's sepulchre, where his ashes lay many years in a marble chest. To this church joins the monastery of St. Augustine, which has pretty gardens on Mons Pincius, and in the church is the miraculous shrine of the Madonna which Pope Paul III. brought barefooted to the place, supplicating for a victory over the Turks in 1464. In a chapel of the Ghisi, are some rare paintings of Raphael, and noble sculptures. Those two in the choir are by Sansovino, and in the Chapel de Cerasii, a piece of Caravaggio. Here lie buried many great scholars and artists, of which I took notice of this inscription:.
Hospes, disce novum mortis genus; improba felis, Dum trahitur, digitum mordet, et intereo.
Opposite to the facciátæ of the church is a superb obelisk full of hieroglyphics, the same that Sennesertus, King of Egypt, dedicated to the Sun; brought to Rome by Augustus, erected in the Circus Maximus, and since placed here by Pope Sextus V. It is eighty-eight feet high, of one entire stone, and placed with great art and engines by the famous Domenico Fontana.
Hence, turning on the right out of the Porto del Popolo, we came to Justinian's gardens, near the Muro Torto, so prominently built as threatening every moment to fall, yet standing so for these thousand years. Under this is the burying place for the common prostitutes, where they are put into the ground, sans ceremonie.

John Evelyn's Diary 1651 February. 23 Feb 1651. I went to see the Bonnes Hommes, a convent that has a fair cloister painted with the lives of hermits; a glorious altar now erecting in the chapel; the garden on the rock with divers descents, with a fine vineyard, and a delicate prospect toward the city.

Samuel Pepy's Diary 1660 February. 23 Feb 1660. Thursday, my birthday, now twenty-seven years.
A pretty fair morning, I rose and after writing a while in my study I went forth. To my office, where I told Mr. Hawly of my thoughts to go out of town to-morrow. Hither Mr. Fuller comes to me and my Uncle Thomas too, thence I took them to drink, and so put off my uncle. So with Mr. Fuller (52) home to my house, where he dined with me, and he told my wife and me a great many stories of his adversities, since these troubles, in being forced to travel in the Catholic countries, &c. He shewed me his bills, but I had not money to pay him. We parted, and I to Whitehall, where I was to see my horse which Mr. Garthwayt lends me to-morrow. So home, where Mr. Pierce comes to me about appointing time and place where and when to meet tomorrow. !So to Westminster Hall, where, after the House rose, I met with Mr. Crew (62), who told me that my Lord was chosen by 73 voices, to be one of the Council of State. Mr. Pierpoint (52) had the most, 101, and himself the next, too. He brought me in the coach home. He and Mr. Anslow (45) being in it. I back to the Hall, and at Mrs. Michell's shop staid talking a great while with her and my Chaplain, Mr. Mumford, and drank a pot or two of ale on a wager that Mr. Prin (60) is not of the Council.
Home and wrote to my Lord the news of the choice of the Council by the post, and so to bed.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 February. 23 Feb 1665. I was invited to a great feast at Mr. Rich's (a relation of my wife's (30), now reader at Lincoln's Inn); where was the Duke of Monmouth (15), the Archbishop of Canterbury (66), Bishops of London (33) and Winchester (66), the Speaker of the House of Commons (48), divers of the Judges, and several other great men.

Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691 (24). Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (20).

John Evelyn's Diary 1673 February. 23 Feb 1673. The Bishop of Chichester (59) preached before the King (42) on Coloss. ii. 14, 15, admirably well, as he can do nothing but what is well.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the future Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (11).

Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676 (21). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (34) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1661 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (43). Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (30) in his coronation robes.

Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 February. 23 Feb 1684. I went to Sir John Chardine (40), who desired my assistance for the engraving the plates, the translation, and printing his History of that wonderfull Persian. Monument neere Persepolis, and other rare antiquities, which he had caus'd to be drawne from the originals in his second journey into Persia, which we now concluded upon. Afterwards I went with Sr Christ' Wren to Dr Tenison (47), where we made the drawing and estimate of the expence of the Library, to be begun this next Spring neere the Mewes. Greate expectation of the Prince of Orange's (33) attempts in Holland to bring those of Amsterdam to consent to the new levies, to which we were no friends, by a pseudo-politic adherence to the French interest.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February. 23 Feb 1696. They now began to coin new money.

After 23 Feb 1730. Monument to Katherine late wife of Roland Hunt Rector of Stoke Doyle. Church of St Rumbold Stoke Doyle.

On 23 Feb 1803 Alexandrine Hohenzollern 1803-1892 was born to Frederick William II King Prussia 1770-1840 (32). She a 3 x great granddaughter of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.