Twenty Trees

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Died in childbirth

1476 Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

1817 Death of Princess Charlotte

Before 1651 Jane Evelyn -1651 died in childbirth.

Elizabeth Culpepper 1546- died in childbirth.

Around 1130 Beatrix Vesci -1130 died in childbirth.

On 04 Oct 1160 Constance of Castile 1140-1160 (20) died in childbirth.

On 28 Aug 1231 Eleanor of Portugal Queen Consort Denmark 1211-1231 (20) died in childbirth.

On 19 Jun 1282 Eleanor Montfort Princess of Wales 1252-1282 (30) died in childbirth.

On 09 Apr 1283 Margaret "Maid of Norway" I Queen Scotland 1283-1290 was born to Eric II King Norway 1268-1299 (15) and Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway 1261-1283 (22) at Tønsberg. Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway 1261-1283 (22) died in childbirth.

On 02 Mar 1316 Robert II King Scotland 1316-1390 was born to Walter Stewart 6th High Steward 1296-1327 (20) and Marjory Bruce 1296-1316 (20) at Paisley Abbey. His mother Marjory Bruce 1296-1316 (20) died in childbirth.

On 05 May 1316 Isabel Bohun 1316- was born to Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (40) and Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (33). His mother Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex Hereford and Holland 1282-1316 (33) died in childbirth. She was buried at Walden Abbey Saffron Walden.

In 1372 Isabelle Valois 1348-1372 (24) died in childbirth.

On 04 Jun 1394 Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (27) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (26) at Peterborough Castle Peterborough. His mother (26) died in childbirth. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newarke Leicester.

On 16 Aug 1400 Joan Plantagenet Baroness Strange Blackmere Baroness Talbot 1384-1400 (16) died in childbirth.

On 22 May 1409 Blanche Lancaster Elector Palatinate 1392-1409 (17) died in childbirth at Haguenau.

On 13 Sep 1409 Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (19) died in childbirth.

On 07 Jul 1448 Marie Bourbon Duchess Anjou 1428-1448 (20) died in childbirth.

On 14 Jan 1476 Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley 1476-1526 was born to Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (36) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (36). Her mother (36) died in childbirth. She (36) was buried at St Leger Chantry St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. She was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey. George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477. Her son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (1) succeeded 17th Earl Warwick 1C 1088. See Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho.

In 1488 Giovanna degli Albizzi 1468-1488 (19) died in childbirth.

In 1488 Domenico Ghirlandaio Painter 1448-1494 (39). Portrait of Giovanna degli Albizzi 1468-1488 (19) commissioned around the time of her death by her husband Lorenzo Tornabuoni 1465-1497 (23). The figure is wearing precious clothes including a gamurra vest. On the right, behind her, are a hanging coral necklace (perhaps a rosary), a partly closed prayer book, and a Latin inscription, taken from an epigram by the 1st century AD poet Martial. She also holds a handkerchief. The figure of Giovanna is idealized in appearance and proportion which was the tradition of the time.
Many aspects of this portrait hold symbolic significance in emphasizing her wealth, status, and piety. Giovanna's fine clothing indicates her status and the wealth of her family.
The Tornabuoni emblem is present on her clothes, as well as two "Ls" on her shoulder, referring to her husband, Lorenzo.
In addition to the clothes, the presence of pearls and brooches also emphasizes the family's wealth.
The pendant featured in the portrait shows a small diamond set in gold above a large ruby with three pearls hanging beneath it. This was a signature ornament found in depictions of Giovanna and came from Lodovica's dowry.
The coral beads seen in the background are likely a rosary, signifying Giovanna's religious piety.
The book seen behind Giovanna, possibly a prayer book, also refers to her piety and educated status.
A significant aspect of the background in this portrait is the cartellino behind Giovanna. The inscription is a modified excerpt of a poem by the author Martial: "ARS VTINAM MORES ANIMVM QVU EFFINGERE POSSES PVCHRIOR IN TERRIS NVLLA TABELLA FORET MCCCCLXXXVIII". This translates to "Art, would that you could represent character and mind! There would be no more beautiful painting on earth 1488".

On 30 Nov 1497 Anne Sforza 1476-1497 (21) died in childbirth.

In 1498 Isabella Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal 1470-1498 (28) died in childbirth.

In 1512 Anna Wood aka Wode -1512 died in childbirth whilst visiting her sister Elizabeth at Blickling. She was buried in St Andrew's Church Blickling where there is a brass in her memory. Memorial brass in St Andrew's Church Blickling.

In 1546 Elizabeth Parker -1546 died in childbirth.

On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. His grandson Anthony Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with obelisks at the corners.

On 21 Feb 1575 Claude Valois Angoulême Duchess Lorraine 1547-1575 (27) died in childbirth.

On 19 May 1591 Elizabeth Manners 15th Baroness Ros Helmsley 1575-1591 (16) died in childbirth at Tower Street All Hallows Barking. Her son William Cecil 16th Baron Ros Helmsley 1590-1618 (1) succeeded 16th Baron Ros Helmsley.

On 25 Jun 1601 Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1555-1601 (45) died at Berwick on Tweed. His son Robert Bertie 1582 1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642 (18) succeeded 14th Baron Willoughby Eresby. He was buried at St James' Church Spilsby.
On 15 Feb 1610 Catherine Bertie 1595-1610 (15) died in childbirth. She was buried at St James' Church Spilsby.
Monument Elizabethan Recumbent. Tall Sideboard Tomb with reclining hooded figure of Lady Katherine, daughter of Peregrine, with Chrisom Child in the crib at her feet. Above a standing figure of Peregrine Bertie 13th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1555-1601 (45) in a niche, with strapwork embellishments, all supported on composite columns with a dentilated cornice.

Before 27 Jun 1641 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Robert Bertie 1582 1642 1st Earl Lindsey 1582-1642.

In Jul 1616 George Livingston 3rd Earl Linlithgow 1616-1690 was born to Alexander Livingston 2nd Earl Linlithgow -1648 and Elizabeth Gordon 1596-1616 (20). Elizabeth Gordon 1596-1616 (20) died in childbirth.

In 1625 Catherine Carey Countess Home 1609-1625 (16) died in childbirth.

On 20 Mar 1627 Anne Chichester -1627 died in childbirth. She was buried in the Church of St Peter and St Paul Exton. Monument with Chichester Crest being a Heron with an Eel in its mouth.

On 19 Sep 1628 Anne Leighton -1628 died in childbirth.

In 1631 Arabella Holles -1631 died in childbirth.

In 1631 Jane Savage -1631 died in childbirth.

On 13 Sep 1631 Elizabeth Southwell 1583-1631 (48) died in childbirth.

On or before 23 Oct 1634 Anne Banks -1634 died in childbirth. She was buried on 23 Oct 1634.

In 1636 Lady Katherine Bertie -1636 died in childbirth. Memorial in the Church of St Micheal Oxnead.  and .

On 13 May 1646 Maria Habsburg Spain Archduchess Austria 1646- was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (37) and Infanta Maria Anna Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (39). Infanta Maria Anna Habsburg Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (39) died in childbirth.

On 05 Nov 1648 Mary Digby Countess Donegal 1612-1648 (36) died in childbirth. She was buried at All Saints Church Eggesford.

On 09 Oct 1650 Frances Altham Countess Carbery 1621-1650 (29) died in childbirth.

Around 1650 Mary Beale 1582 1625 aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699 (16) (attributed). Portrait of Frances Altham Countess Carbery 1621-1650 (29) Probably painted posthumously..

On 22 May 1653 unamed child was born to Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (23) and Christian Freschville 1633-1653 (19). She (19) died in childbirth. The child died seven days later on 29 May 1653. Both were buried at the Church of St John the Baptist Staveley. Monument erected by her husband Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (23) the future Duke Bolton. Reclining figure with Chrisom Child.
Armorials...
Top Middle  differenced with a label argent three points impaled .
Top Left: His Arms, in sixths 1  2 Possibly  although wings should be Or 3 Unknown Arms 4 Unknown Arms 5 Unknown Arms 6  with a label argent three points to reflect his status as son of the current owner of the Arms.
Top Right: Her Arms, in sixths 1  2 Unknown Arms 3 Unknown Arms 4 Unknown Arms 5 Unknown Arms 6 .

Before 1667 Mary Darnall -1666 died in childbirth.

Around 11 Jan 1668 Elizabeth Cranfield -1668 died in childbirth.

On 15 Jul 1672 Lady Diana Bruce -1672 died in childbirth. The child, named Robert, died the same day.

On 09 Sep 1678 Margaret Blagge Maid of Honour 1652-1678 (26) died in childbirth at Whitehall Palace. He was buried at St Breage's Church Breage.

In 1673. Unknown Painter, possibly Matthew Dixon. Portrait of Margaret Blagge Maid of Honour 1652-1678 (20).

On 30 Sep 1678 Mary Rich -1678 died in childbirth.

On 23 Mar 1684 Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham 1652-1684 (32) died in childbirth.

In Jan 1690 Anne Savile Countess Carbery 1663-1690 (27) died in childbirth. She was buried at St Andrew Holborn.

On 30 Jan 1692 Isabella van Nassau 1668-1692 (24) died in childbirth.

On 07 Mar 1693 Isabella Carr -1693 died in childbirth.

On 04 Nov 1699 Elizabeth Greville Baroness Guildford -1699 died in childbirth.

On 23 Dec 1705 Louise Dorothea Hohenzollern 1680-1705 (25) died in childbirth.

On 13 Sep 1709 Rachel Noel 2nd Duchess Beaufort 1687-1709 (22) died in childbirth.

In 1710 Mary Melville -1710 died in childbirth.

On 20 Nov 1713 Elizabeth Harley 1689-1713 (24) died in childbirth.

On 15 Jan 1716 Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley 1694-1716 (21) died in childbirth.

On 30 Jul 1722 Theodosia Hyde 1695-1722 (26) died in childbirth.

On 27 Nov 1722 Anne Seymour Duchess Leeds 1709-1722 (13) died in childbirth (probably) at the age of thirteen.

On 14 Aug 1724 Anne Cochrane Duchess Hamilton Duchess Brandon 1706-1724 (18) died in childbirth.

On 22 Jun 1725 Susan Murray 1699-1725 (26) died in childbirth.

On 17 Aug 1734 Elizabeth Shirley 1704-1734 (30) died in childbirth following the premature birth of her daughter Elizabeth as a result of the shock caused by a violent flash of lightning.

On 19 Jan 1745 Anne Obrien 1724-1745 (21) died in childbirth. He was buried at St Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny.

In Jul 1759 Frances Hanbury Williams -1759 died in childbirth.

On 28 Mar 1766 Diana Beauclerk 1746-1766 (20) died in childbirth. The child was stillborn.

In 1786 Margaret Gordon 1762-1786 (24) died in childbirth.

In Sep 1786 Jemima Elizabeth Ashburnham -1786 died in childbirth.

In 1810 Henry St John Mildmay 5th Baronet 1810-1902 was born to Henry St John Mildmay 4th Baronet 1787-1848 (22) and Charlotte Bouverie -1810. His mother died in childbirth.

On 09 Sep 1812 Sophia Pitt Baroness Romney -1812 died in childbirth at The Mote Maidstone.

Death of Princess Charlotte

On 06 Nov 1817 Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817 (21) died in childbirth at Claremont House Esher. He buried at St George's Chapel Windsor Castle.

In 1818 Elizabeth Grey 1800-1818 (18) died in childbirth.

In 1827 Frances Bathurst Baroness Feversham Downton -1827 died in childbirth.

On 16 Aug 1828 Edward West Chief Justice of Bombay 1782-1828 died at Poonah. On 15 Oct 1828 Lucretia Georgiana ffolkes -1828 died in childbirth at Bombay eleven days after having given birth to a posthumous son who only lived at few hours. Monument in the Church of St Mary Hillington sculpted by Henry Hopper Sculptor 1767-1844 (61). The armorial Edward West Chief Justice of Bombay 1782-1828 arms and Lucretia Georgiana ffolkes -1828 impaled. His arms quartered  and Unknown Arms. Her arms quartered 1  2  3 appears to be Browne as seen in the armorial to William Browne Physician 1692-1774 4 .

In Oct 1829 Arabella Hamlyn Williams -1829 died in childbirth.

On 09 Sep 1833 Adeliza Maria Howard -1833 died in childbirth. Monument in Holy Trinity Church Wetheral sculpted by Richard Westmacott Sculptor 1775-1856 (58).

On 10 Aug 1844 Alexandra Nikolaevna Holstein Gottorp Romanov 1825-1844 (19) died in childbirth.

On 05 Sep 1846 Augusta Margaret Fitzclarence 1822-1846 (24) died in childbirth.

In 1852 Flora Elizabeth Campbell -1852 died in childbirth. Buried at St Andrew's Church Wimpole.
On 16 Jul 1861 Henry Eliot Yorke 1838-1861 (23) died in India.

On 27 Jan 1862 Florence Louisa Miles 1840-1862 (22) died in childbirth.

In 1881 Florence Sutherland Leveson Gower 1855–1881 (26) died in childbirth.

On 12 Oct 1905 Isabel Innes Kerr 1879-1905 (26) died in childbirth.