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Female Headwear

Crespine Headress

In 1390 Sampson Strelley -1390 was buried at All Saints' Church Strelley. Monument to Sampson and Elizabeth Hercy -1405. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster. The detail of the mail incomplete. Bascinet, no orle, moustache. Great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, strangled as denoted by the tongue out. Extended mantling. She wearing an early form of Crespine Headress. Holding Hands.

On 11 Apr 1418 John Harrington 4th Baron Harington 1384-1418 (34) died. He was buried at Lady Chapel St Dubricius Church Porlock. His brother William Harrington 5th Baron Harington 1390-1457 (28) succeeded 5th Baron Harington.
18 Oct 1471 Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Bonville 1471 Baroness Harington -1471 died. She was buried at Lady Chapel St Dubricius Church Porlock.
Monument to John Harrington 4th Baron Harington 1384-1418 (34) and Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Bonville -1471. Finely carved alabaster. Monument of the Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Note the decorated orle and the plate gorget (throat protection), Hip Belt and the Horses Head Crest. She wearing a Crespine Headress.

On 17 Dec 1419 William Gascoigne Chief Justice 1350-1419 (69) died at Gawthorpe Hall Harewood West Yorkshire. He was buried at All Saints Church Harewood West Yorkshire with his wife Elizabeth Mowbray 1350-1396. He in judges robes. She wearing an elaborate Crespine Headress.

After 1423. St John the Baptist Church Tideswell. Thurstan de Bower -1423 and Margaret. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Basinet with decorated orle and writing. She wearing a Crespine Headress.

On 22 Mar 1426 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (76) died at Harewood Castle Harewood West Yorkshire. He was buried at Church of the Black Friars York. Monument to Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (76) and Elizabeth Aldeburgh 1362-1417. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses and Inter twined Knots Collar. Horses Head Crest. Elaborate Crespine Headress.

On 01 Oct 1440 William Rhyther 1379-1440 (61) died at Harewood West Yorkshire. All Saints Church Harewood West Yorkshire. Monument to William Rhyther 1379-1440 (61) and Sybil Aldeburgh 1363-1439. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Crespine Headress.

On 06 Jun 1441 William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church Dennington. Monument to William Phelip 1383-1441 (58) and Joan Bardolf 6th Baroness Bardolf 1390-1447 (50). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Feathered Crest. Detail of the Wyvern on which her feet rest. Detail of Eagle, possibly hawk, on which his feet rest. Crespine Headress covering her hair. He wearing a bascinet with orle with IHC lettering. Both wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar. Leg Garter below the left knee.

Bongrace

A Bongrace was a velvet-covered headdress, stiffened with buckram, that covered the top of the head only.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin -1400 died.
Monument in St Nicholas Church West Tanfield North Yorkshire. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be or a variation of.

On 08 Feb 1556 Robert Townshend -1556 died. He was buried at St Laurence's Church Ludlow. Elizabethan Period. She wearing a Bongrace. He, unusually, with his head on a book.

In 1580 Henry Sacheverell 1547-1580 (33) died at Ratcliffe on Soar. Tomb in Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar. His head on a great helm with Goat Crest. She wearing a Bongrace.

Sherbourne Abbey. On 26 Apr 1584 John Leweston 1506-1584 (78) died. In 1579 Joanna Culpepper 1520-1580 died. Bongrace.

On 26 Jul 1594 Richard Shireburn 1526-1594 (68) died. He was buried in Church of All Hallows Great Mitton. Monument in Church of All Hallows Great Mitton sculpted by Richard and Gabriel Royley of Burton upon Trent. Bongrace. Unicorn Pendant. Ruff.

On 04 Apr 1617 Charles Cavendish 1553-1617 (63) died. On 18 Apr 1629 Catherine Ogle 8th Baroness Ogle 1570-1629 (59) died at Bothal. Monument to Charles Cavendish 1553-1617 (63) and Catherine Ogle 8th Baroness Ogle 1570-1629 (47) in Church of St Mary and St Laurence Bolsover. Jacobean Period. Bongrace.

On 17 Jan 1625 Henry Sacheverell 1566-1625 (59) died. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar.
Dutch School mural monument with his three wives (Marie Giddings -1600 wearing Bongrace, Elizabeth Copley -1616 and Lucie Boughton 1570-1625) above and he recumbent. Below effigies of children including Chrisom Child. Possibly Jasper Hollemans Sculptor or Nicholas Stone Sculptor 1587-1647 (38).

On 15 Aug 1625 Mary Holford 1562-1625 (63) died at Vale Royal. On 06 Jan 1596 Hugh "The Younger" Cholmondeley 1552-1596 died. Jacobean Period. Monument in St Oswald's Church Malpas. She wearing a Bongrace.

Butterfly Headress

On 07 Jun 1438 John Cockayne 1370-1438 (68) died at Pooley. He was buried at St Oswalds Church Ashbourne. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Butterfly Headress.

Before 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby -1448 died. On 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby -1448 was buried at St Mary & All Saints Church Willoughby on the Wolds. Monument to Hugh Willoughby -1448 and Margaret Freville 1401-1493. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Hip Belt. Butterfly Headress.

On 12 Oct 1477 Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (56) died at Kinlet Cleobury Mortimer. He was buried in the Church of St John The Baptist Kinlet Cleobury Mortimer.
Monument to Humphrey Blount 1421-1477 (56) and Elizabeth Winnington. Fluted Period. He wearing a Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. She wearing a fine Butterfly Headress with large flap as also detailed in the weepers. Finely made folds at the foot of her dress with Dogs chewing at her dress.

On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert 1428-1484 (56) died at Norbury. He was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall 1437-1490 (53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok Norbury.
Monument to Ralph and Elizabeth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant (boar of Richard III) on his Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height. Tudor Livery Collar. Fine Sabbatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion. The Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest. A finely carved Butterfly Headress. A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant. A Bedesman looking somewhat bored. Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

Widow's Barbe

Around 1465 William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) died at Gawthorpe Hall Harewood West Yorkshire. All Saints Church Harewood West Yorkshire. Monument to William Gascoigne 1409-1465 (56) and Margaret Clarell. Fluted Period. Yorkist Suns and Roses Collar. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be a Maiden's Face, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tasses under which mail may be seen. Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side. She, on his right, with a Widow's Barbe (from the French for beard) drawn up to her chin at the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the folds Dogs chewing at her dress.

Gabled Headress

On 25 Feb 1387 John Marmion 1343-1387 (44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin -1400 died.
Monument in St Nicholas Church West Tanfield North Yorkshire. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be or a variation of.

On 13 Mar 1518 Thomas Babington 1449-1518 (69) died at Ashover. He was buried at All Saints Church Ashover.
Monument to Thomas Babington 1449-1518 (69) and Editha Fitzherbert 1457-1511. Excellent painted alabaster. Monument of the Tudor Period with the colours much refreshed. He in civilian clothes with a purse (aka scrip aka gypciere) hanging from his belt. Dogs chewing at her dress. Gabled Headress. The chest tomb of exceptional quality with the fifteen weepers under Crocketed canopies broadly undamaged. The weepers are believed to represent Thomas and Editha's children and their respective spouses. The chest tomb now abuts the south wall of the chancel meaning only three sides visible. Carved by Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. impaled .

On 14 Feb 1531 John Blount 1469-1531 (62) died at Kinlet Cleobury Mortimer. He was buried at Church of St John The Baptist Kinlet Cleobury Mortimer.
Monument to John Blount 1469-1531 (62) and Catherine Peshall -1540. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Long bobbed hair, no facial hair. Bare hands; gauntlets at the right side of the legs. She wearing a short Gabled Headress. Chest tomb somewhat of the wrong period ie Renaissance suggesting this may be a replacement effigy, or re-used. Probably Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

On 08 Dec 1534 Richard Knightley 1455-1534 (79) died in Fawsley. He was buried in St Mary's Church Fawsley.
Monument to sculpted by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent in St Mary's Church Fawsley. Gabled Headress. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

On 14 Aug 1539 Ralph Sacheverell 1506-1539 (33) died at Ratcliffe on Soar. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar.
On 27 Jun 1538 Cecilia Durance 1508-1538 died. She was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar.
Decorated Gabled Headress. Lancastrian Esses Collar with Tudor Rose Pendant. Possibly second hand monuments.

Gabled Headress with Lappets

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge

On 12 Oct 1516 Isabel Neville 1457-1516 (59) died.
In 1526 William Smythe 1480-1526 (46) died.
Before 29 Nov 1529 Anne Staunton -1529 died.
Monument in St Peter's Church Elford. Tudor Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Dogs chewing at her dress. Gabled Headress with Lappets. Probably Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

French Hood

On 29 Jul 1558 Henry Sacheverell 1526-1558 (32) died at Ratcliffe on Soar. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church Ratcliffe on Soar.
On 10 Feb 1554 Lucie Pole 1528-1554 died.
She wearing a puffed sleeve gown with triple chain with French Hood. His head on a great helm with Goat Crest. Possibly Richard Parker of Burton on Trent with Dogs chewing at her dress.

On 31 Aug 1565 George Vernon "King of the Peak" 1508-1565 (57) died. He was buried at All Saint's Church Bakewell. By his will of 18 Aug 1565 he bequeathed six Derbyshire manors and two in Staffordshire to his wife for life. His executors were to take the profits of his manor of Kibblestone, in Staffordshire, and two Cheshire manors for 16 years after his decease to pay his debts, funeral expenses and the fulfilment of his will, which included among numerous bequests the provision of one gold chain worth £20 to his godson, Gilbert Talbot (12), the future 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, ‘as a remembrance of my good will towards him’. His wife, his son-in-law John Manners (38), his brother-in-law Nicholas Longford (33) and his ‘loving neighbours and faithful friends Thomas Sutton and Richard Wennesley were each to receive £20 for their services as executors, while his ‘right worshipful friends’ (Sir) John Zouche II and Francis Leke (55) were each to have a horse.
Monument with both his wives Margaret Tailboys 1528-1565 and Maud aka Magdelan Longford -1596 each wearing a French Hood.