Twenty Trees

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Biography of Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403

1359 Double Royal Wedding

1362 Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

1396 Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre


Family Trees

Ancestry

In 1342 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (1) was created 1st Earl Richmond 5C 1342. It isn't clear whether his older brothers Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (11) and Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (3) had been created Earls before this time.

On 25 Nov 1350 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 was born to [her father] Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 (40).

Double Royal Wedding

On 19 May 1359 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Reading Abbey. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (14) by marriage Countess Richmond 5C 1342. [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (19) by marriage Earl Lancaster, Earl Derby 2C 1337.

Edward III Creates two sons as Dukes

On 13 Nov 1362, the day after his fiftieth birthday, King Edward III England (50) created two sons as Dukes ...
Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 1C 1362. Elizabeth Burgh Duchess of Clarence 1332-1363 (30) by marriage Duchess Clarence 1C 1362.
[her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (22) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 2C 1362. Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster 2C 1362.

On 21 Sep 1371 [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (31) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) were married at Roquefort, Landes. Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (17) by marriage Duchess Lancaster 2C 1362. His younger brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (30) married Constance's sister in July 1372.

In 1373 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (32) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (22).

In 1375 [her illegitimate son] Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (34) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (24) at Château de Beaufort.

Around Jan 1377 [her illegitimate son] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (36) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (26).

In 1379 [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 was born illegitimately to [her future husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (38) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (28) at Château de Beaufort.

In 1380 [her father] Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380 (70) died. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.

On 24 Jun 1380 John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (7) and [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) were married (he was her half third cousin) at Kenilworth Castle. [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (17) by marriage Countess Pembroke 4C 1339.

On 05 Feb 1381 [her step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married (he was her second cousin) at Arundel Castle Arundel.

On 24 Jun 1386 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second cousin once removed) at Plymouth.

On 02 Feb 1387 John "Good Great" I King Portugal 1357-1433 (29) and [her step-daughter] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) were married (he was her half fourth cousin). [her step-daughter] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal 1360-1415 (26) by marriage Queen Consort Portugal.

Before 17 Sep 1388 Henry III King Castile 1379-1406 and [her step-daughter] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 were married (he was her half second cousin) at Palencia Cathedral. [her step-daughter] Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers Wem 1373-1393 (18) and [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (12) by marriage Baroness Ferrers Wem.

Marriage of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet

On 13 Jan 1396 [her husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (55) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) were married at Lincoln Cathedral. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (45) by marriage Duchess Lancaster 2C 1362.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 and [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 were married. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 by marriage Baroness Neville Raby 1C 1295.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.
Note. On 10 Feb 1397 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset 2C 1397.
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Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter 1C 1397. [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter 1C 1397.
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also rewarded his key supporters:.
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk 1C 1397.
[her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset 2C 1397, 1st Marquess Dorset 1C 1397. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset 2C 1397.
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397.
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland 1C 1397. [her illegitimate daughter] Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland 1C 1397.

On 27 Nov 1397 [her illegitimate son] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (24) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) were married (he was her half third cousin). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Countess Somerset 2C 1397.

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [her husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
[her step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

In 1400 John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (36) and [her step-daughter] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (36) were married.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [her step-son] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married (he was her third cousin) at Winchester. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

On 10 May 1403 Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (52) died. She was buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

On 20 May 1475 Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.
Detail of the South Side of the Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ... .
1  impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents.
2  impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419.
3  impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.
4  quartered .
5  impaled .
6 .
7 .
8  impaled  signifying Alice's son John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33).
Detail of the North Side of the. Monument to Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...
1  quarterd  impaled Unknown.
2 . Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
3  quarted . Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450.
4 . Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.
5  quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428.
6 . Alice's paternal grandmother [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.
7  impaling  probably signifying [her former husband] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400.
8  impaling . Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and [her sister] Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Roet

Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350 1403

Descendants Family Trees:

Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350 1403

Ancestry

Father: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380