On this Day in History ... 13 May
On 13 May 1176 Matthias Metz I Duke Lorraine 1119-1176 (57) died. His son Simon Metz II Duke Lorraine -1205 succeeded II Duke Lorraine.
On 13 May 1179 Theobald Blois 1179-1201 was born to Henry Blois I Count Champagne 1127-1181 (51) and Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (34). He a 2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 and Great Grandson of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137.
On 13 May 1258 Sancho IV King Castile, IV King Leon 1258-1295 was born to Alfonso X King Castile, X King Leon 1221-1284 (36) and Violante Barcelona Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.
On 13 May 1312 Theobald Metz II Duke Lorraine 1263-1312 (49) died. His son Frederick "Fighter" Metz IV Duke Lorraine 1282-1329 (30) succeeded IV Duke Lorraine. Elizabeth Habsburg Duchess Lorraine -1353 by marriage Duchess Lorraine.
On 13 May 1375 Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 (56) died. His son Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 (38) succeeded III Duke Bavaria.
On 13 May 1405 Margaret Savoy 1405-1418 was born to Amadeus Savoy VIII Count Savoy 1383-1451 (21) and Mary Valois-Burgundy Count Savoy 1386-1422 (18). She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 and Great Granddaughter of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.
On 13 May 1423 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (33) and Anne Valois-Burgundy Duchess Bedford 1404-1432 (18) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Troyes. He a Son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413 and 3 x Great Grandson of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314. She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a Great Granddaughter of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.
On 13 May 1453 Mary Stewart Countess Arran 1453-1488 was born to James II King Scotland 1430-1460 (22) and Mary Egmont Queen Consort Scotland 1434-1463 (19) at Stirling Castle. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England and 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.
On 13 May 1467 John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).
On 13 May 1483 John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop of Lincoln -1494 was appointed Lord Chancellor. He replaced Thomas Rotherham Archbishop of York 1423-1500 (59).
Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII 1536. And the morrowe after, being Satterdaie, and the thirtenth of Maie, Maister Fittes-Williams (46), Treasorer of the Kinges house, and Mr. Controoler, deposed and brooke upp the Queenes househoulde at Greenewich, and so discharged all her servantes of their offices clearlye.
On 13 May 1568 the army of Mary "Queen of Scots" Stewart I Queen Scotland 1542-1587 (25) commanded by Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll 1534-1573 (34) was defeated by the army of the Regent her illegitimate half-brother James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent 1531-1570 (37).
John Campbell -1568 was killed.
William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 and Robert Seton 1st Earl Winton 1553-1603 (15) fought.
Claud Hamilton 1st Lord Paisley 1546-1621 (21) and George Seton 7th Lord Seton 1531-1586 (37) fought for the Queen.
On 13 May 1619 Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 was buried in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey.
Anne Carey 1592-1627 (27) and Mary Woodhouse -1756 walked in the procession.
As Keeper of the Wardrobe Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex 1575-1645 (44) supervised the spending of £20,000 on the funeral.
On 13 May 1627 Alexander Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg 1573-1627 (54) died at Sønderborg. His son Johann Christian Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1607-1653 (20) succeeded I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. On 13 May 1627 His son Ernest Günther Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1609-1689 (17) succeeded Günther I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
On 13 May 1629 Charles James Stewart 1629-1629 was born to Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (28) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (19).
On 13 May 1646 Infanta Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (39) died.
On 13 May 1646 Maria Habsburg-Spain Archduchess Austria 1646- was born to Ferdinand King Bohemia, III Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1657 (37) and Infanta Maria Anna Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1606-1646 (39).
On 13 May 1650 Archibald Campbell 9th Earl Argyll 1629-1685 (21) and Mary Stewart Countess Argyll 1628-1668 (22) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed) at Canongate Kirk, Canongate.
On 13 May 1654 Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 was born to Francis Lennard 14th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1619-1662 (35) and Elizabeth Bayning Baroness Dacre Gilsland.
On 13 May 1655 Richard Herbert 2nd Baron Herbert Chirbury 1604-1655 (51) died. His son Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury 1633-1678 (22) succeeded 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury (1C 1629). Mary Egerton Baroness Herbert Chirbury -1659 by marriage Baroness Herbert Chirbury (1C 1629).
John Evelyn's Diary 1661 May. 13th May 1661. I heard and saw such exercises at the election of scholars at Westminster School to be sent to the University in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, in themes and extemporary verses, as wonderfully astonished me in such youths, with such readiness and wit, some of them not above twelve or thirteen years of age. Pity it is, that what they attain here so ripely, they either do not retain, or do not improve more considerably when they come to be men, though many of them do; and no less is to be blamed their odd pronouncing of Latin, so that out of England none were able to understand, or endure it. The examinants, or posers, were, Dr. Duport, Greek Professor at Cambridge; Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; Dr. Pierson; Dr. Allestree (39), Dean of Westminster, and any that would.
John Evelyn's Diary 1668 May. 13 May 1668. Invited by that expert commander, Captain Cox, master of the lately built "Charles II" now the best vessel of the fleet, designed for the Duke of York (34), I went to Erith, where we had a great dinner.
Samuel Pepy's Diary 1669 May. Thursday 13 May 1669. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, it being a rainy foul day. But at noon comes my Lord Hinchingbroke (21), and Sidney (18), and Sir Charles Harbord (29), and Roger Pepys (52), and dined with me; and had a good dinner, and very merry with; us all the afternoon, it being a farewell to Sidney (18); and so in the evening they away, and I to my business at the Office and so to supper, and talk with my brother, and so to bed.
On 13 May 1671 James Langham 1st Baronet Langham 1584-1671 (87) died.
John Evelyn's Diary 1692 May. 13 May 1692. I dined at my cousin Cheny's, son to my Lord Cheny, who married my cousin Pierpoint.
John Evelyn's Diary 1696 May. 13 May 1696. I went to London to meet my son (41), newly come from Ireland, indisposed. Money still continuing exceedingly scarce, so that none was paid or received, but all was on trust, the mint not supplying for common necessities. The Association with an oath required of all lawyers and officers, on pain of Praemunire, whereby men were obliged to renounce King James as no rightful king, and to revenge King William's death, if happening by assassination. This to be taken by all the Counsel by a day limited, so that the Courts of Chancery and King's Bench hardly heard any cause in Easter Term, so many crowded to take the oath. This was censured as a very entangling contrivance of the Parliament in expectation, that many in high office would lay down, and others surrender. Many gentlemen taken up on suspicion of the late plot, were now discharged out of prison.
On 13 May 1708 John Spencer 1708-1746 was born to Charles Spencer 3rd Earl of Sunderland 1675-1722 (33) and Anne Churchill Countess Sunderland 1683-1716 (25).
On 13 May 1709 Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough, Countess Monmouth 1660-1709 (49) died.
On 13 May 1710 Henry Saxe-Gotha Duke Saxe-Römhild 1650-1710 (59) died at Römhild.
On 13 May 1717 Maria Theresa Habsburg-Spain Holy Roman Empress 1717-1780 was born to Charles Habsburg-Spain VI Holy Roman Emperor 1685-1740 (32).
On 13 May 1730 Justinian Isham 4th Baronet 1658-1730 (71) died.
On 13 May 1778 Jean Nicholson -1778 died.
On 13 May 1778 Emily Elizabeth Fitzgerald 1778-1856 was born to William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster 1749-1804 (29) and Emilia St George Duchess Leinster -1798. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.
On 13 May 1788 Francis Russell 7th Duke Bedford 1788-1861 was born to John Russell 6th Duke Bedford 1766-1839 (21) and Georgiana Elizabeth Byng 1768-1801 (20). He a 3 x Great Grandson of Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.
On 13 May 1808 William Grey 1808-1815 was born to Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey 1764-1845 (44) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey 1776-1861 (32).
On 13 May 1844 George Charles Spencer-Churchill 8th Duke Marlborough 1844-1892 was born to John Winston Spencer-Churchill 7th Duke Marlborough 1822-1883 (21) and Frances Anne Emily Vane Duchess Marlborough 1822-1899 (22).
On 13 May 1876 James Harris 3rd Earl Malmesbury 1807-1889 (69) and Corisande Emma Bennet Countess Malmesbury 1807-1876 (69) were married. Corisande Emma Bennet Countess Malmesbury 1807-1876 (69) by marriage Countess Malmesbury.
On 13 May 1878 Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart 7th Marquess of Londonderry 1878-1949 was born to Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart 6th Marquess Londonderry 1852-1915 and Theresa Susey Helen Chetwynd-Talbot Marchioness Londonderry -1919.
On 13 May 1887 Caroline Leveson-Gower Duchess Leinster 1827-1887 (60) died.
On 13 May 1895 Thomas Percy 7th Earl of Northumberland 1528-1572 was beatified.
On 13 May 1899 Edward Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Earl Wharncliffe 1827-1899 (71) died.
On 13 May 1904 George Augustus Hamilton Chichester 5th Marquess County Donegal 1822-1904 (81) died. His son Edward Arthur Donald St George Hamilton Chichester 6th Marquess County Donegal 1903-1975 succeeded 6th Marquess County Donegal.
On 13 May 1948 William Henry Lawrence Peter Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 8th Earl Fitzwilliam 1910-1948 (37) and Kathleen "Kick" Kennedy 1920-1948 (28) died in a plane crash at the Plateau du Coiron, Saint-Bauzile during the course of their journey from Paris. His titles were inhertited by his second cousin Eric Spencer Wentworth-Fitzwiliam 9th Earl Fitzwilliam 1883-1952 (64). His wealth, estimated at 45 million pounds, including half of the Wentworth Woodhouse, Wentworth estate, the Coolattin estate in County Wicklow, Ireland, and a large part of the Fitzwilliam art collection.
After 13 May 1948 Kathleen "Kick" Kennedy 1920-1948 was buried at Cavendish Plot, St Peter's Church, Edensor, Chatsworth. On 29 Jun 1963 her grave was visited by her elder brother President John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1917-1963 some five months before his assassination. He was travelling from Shannon to London for a meeting with the British Prime Minister when he made a detour landing at Waddington and then travelling by helicopter to Edensor, Chatsworth. He laid a wreath which he had brought from Ireland. Present at the wreath laying was his sister Jean Ann Kennedy and the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire.
On 13 May 1953 Rowland Baring 2nd Earl Cromer Norfolk 1877-1953 (75) died.