Twenty Trees

On this Day in History ... 18 June

1429 Battle of Patay

1525 Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

1683 Popish Plot

1815 Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1250 Theresa of Portugal Queen Consort Leon 1176-1250 (74) died.

On 18 Jun 1269 Eleanor Plantagenet 1269- was born to Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 (30) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 (28) at Windsor Castle.

On 18 Jun 1291 Alfonso III King Aragon 1265-1291 (25) died. His brother James "The Just" II King Aragon 1267-1327 (23) succeeded II King Aragon.

On 18 Jun 1293 Margaret Somery Baroness Basset Drayton 1225-1293 (68) died in Dudley.

On 18 Jun 1318 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre 1306-1343 (12) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre 1312-1349 (6) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed).

On 18 Jun 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet 1318-1355 was born to King Edward II of England (34) and Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (23) at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock. She was named for her paternal grandmother Eleanor of Castile.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the earl of Salisbury. 26. William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), submitted a petition in parliament, the tenor of which follows:
To our lord the king his liege William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), prays: whereas the most noble King Edward [III], your grandfather, by his letters patent gave and granted to William Montague, earl of Salisbury and father of the said supplicant, whose heir he is, and to the heirs issuing from his body, with the clause of warranty of the said very noble King Edward [III] and his heirs, the castle, town and honour of Denbigh, and the cantreds of Rhos, Rhufiniog, and Cymeirch and the commote of Dinmael with their appurtenances in Wales, as plainly appears from the said letters patent: which castle, town, and honour, cantreds and commote, with their appurtenances, Roger Mortimer, late earl of March (25), by the name of the land of Denbigh, in Trinity term, in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said most noble King Edward [III] [18 June 1354-9 July 1354], before William Shareshull and his fellow justices assigned to hold the pleas before the said very noble King Edward [III], against the aforesaid supplicant, by erroneous judgment, recovered by a writ of scire facias, founded on a judgment given in the parliament held at Westminster on the Monday after the feast of St Mark the Evangelist in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said very noble King Edward [III], for the aforesaid Roger, on a petition showed by him to the said very noble King Edward [III] then, in the name of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, son and heir of Edmund Mortimer, son and heir of Roger Mortimer; in which record and judgment on the said writ of scire facias there are patent errors.
May it please you of your gracious lordship to cause the full record to be brought before you, with all attachments to the same concerning the said writ of scire facias, in the present parliament, that they may be inspected and examined for error, and to forewarn Roger Mortimer, earl of March, cousin and heir of the aforesaid Roger son of Edmund, and others who are to be forewarned in the matter, to be before you at the next parliament to hear the said errors; and if they know of anything to say wherefor the aforesaid judgment on the said writ of scire facias should not be reversed, and the aforesaid supplicant restored to his said possession with the issues and profits in the meantime since the said loss, and also to do right and justice to the parties in the aforesaid manner. Whereupon, the said petition having been read before the king and lords of parliament, the king ordered Sir Walter Clopton, his chief justice, to bring before the king and lords in parliament the record of which the said petition made mention above. Which record, on the king's command, was later brought to parliament before the king and lords, and there it was read in part, and certain errors therein were pointed out and alleged by the said earl of Salisbury. Whereupon the king, by the assent and advice of the lords of parliament, the justices of the king there present, granted and ordered that the said earl have a writ of scire facias on the matter of the said petition, returnable at the next parliament, as the same petition mentions.

On 18 Jun 1356 Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 (43) died at Blackfriars Church, Holborn.

Battle of Patay

On 18 Jun 1429 the Battle of Patay was the final engagement of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years War. The French forces commanded by Joan Arc 1412-1431 (17), Étienne Vignolles -1443 and Jean Poton Xaintrailles 1390-1461 (39) defeated an English force of 5000. The English lost around 2000 men with Thomas Scales 7th Baron Scales 1397-1460 (32), Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (40), and John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl Shrewsbury, 1st Earl Waterford 1383-1453 (46) being captured. John Fastolf 1380-1459 (49) fought.

On 18 Jun 1448 Elizabeth Beauchamp Baroness Bergavenny 1415-1448 (32) died.

On 18 Jun 1473 Robert Stillington Bishop of Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (53) resigned as Lord Chancellor.

On 18 Jun 1520 Gilbert Tailboys 1st Baron Tailboys 1498-1530 (22) and Elizabeth "Bessie" Blount Baroness Clinton, Baroness Tailboys 1502-1539 (18) were married.

On 18 Jun 1521 Maria of Portugal Duchess Viseu 1521-1577 was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal 1469-1521 (52) and Eleanor Habsburg-Spain Queen Consort France, Queen Consort Portugal 1498-1558 (22).

Around 1552 Antonis Mor Painter 1517-1577 (35). Portrait of Maria of Portugal Duchess Viseu 1521-1577 (30).

Knighting of Henry Fitzroy

On 18 Jun 1525 Henry Fitzroy (6), Henry VIII's illegitimate son, was created 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, 1st Earl Lincoln (7C 1525) at Bridewell Palace by his father Henry VIII (33).
Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (32) was created 1st Earl Cumberland, Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle.
Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1538 was created 1st Marquess Exeter (1C 1525).
Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland 1492-1543 (33) was created 1st Earl Rutland (3C 1525).
Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (47) carried the Sword of State. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (47) read the patents of nobility. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (41), Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset 1477-1530 (47),
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (52), William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel 1476-1544 (49) and John Vere 14th Earl Oxford 1499-1526 (25) attended.
Around 18 Jun 1525 Henry Clifford 2nd Earl Cumberland 1517-1570 (8) and Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland 1519-1547 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin) at Bridewell Palace. .

On 18 Jun 1538 James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (26) and Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) were married (he was her third-cousin) at St Andrew's Cathedral Priory, St Andrew's. Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (22) by marriage Queen Consort Scotland.

On 18 Jun 1548 Frances Cavendish 1548-1632 was born to William Cavendish 1505-1557 (43) and Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1527-1608 (21).

1592. Rowland Lockey Painter 1565-1616 (27). Portrait of Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1527-1608 (65).

On 18 Jun 1568 Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey Groby 1547-1614 (21) graduated Master Arts.

On 18 Jun 1585 Thomas Arundell 1st Baron Arundel Wardour 1560-1639 (25) and Mary Wriothesley Baroness Arundel Wardour were married.

On 18 Jun 1626 John Mordaunt 1st Viscount Mordaunt 1626-1675 was born to John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough -1642 and Elizabeth Howard Countess Peterborough 1603-1671 (23) at Lowick.

On 18 Jun 1633 Walter Butler 11th Earl Ormonde, 4th Earl Ossory 1559-1633 was buried at St Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny.

On 18 Jun 1642 John Mordaunt 1st Earl Peterborough -1642 died. His son Henry Mordaunt 2nd Earl Peterborough 1621-1697 (20) succeeded 2nd Earl Peterborough, 6th Baron Mordaunt.

On 18 Jun 1644 Arthur Loftus 3rd Viscount Loftus of Ely 1644-1725 was born to Edward Loftus 2nd Viscount Loftus of Ely 1598-1680 (46).

John Evelyn's Diary 1657 June. 18th June 1657. At Greenwich I saw a sort of cat brought from the East Indies, shaped and snouted much like the Egyptian racoon, in the body like a monkey, and so footed; the ears and tail like a cat, only the tail much longer, and the skin variously ringed with black and white; with the tail it wound up its body like a serpent, and so got up into trees, and with it would wrap its whole body round. Its hair was woolly like a lamb; it was exceedingly nimble, gentle, and purred as does the cat.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 June. 18th June 1660. I proposed the embassy to Constantinople for Mr. Henshaw (42); but my Lord Winchelsea (32) struck in.
Goods that had been pillaged from Whitehall Palace during the Rebellion were now daily brought in, and restored upon proclamation; as plate, hangings, pictures, etc.

On 18 Jun 1661 Henry Winchcombe 1st Baronet Winchcombe 1642-1667 (18) was created 1st Baronet Winchcombe of Bucklebury in Berkshire.

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton, 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was born illegitimately to Charles II King England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (21).

Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

John Evelyn's Diary 1666 June. 18 Jun 1666. Weary of this sad sight, I returned home.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 June. 18 Jun 1670. Dined at Goring House, whither my Lord Arlington (52) carried me from Whitehall with the Marquis of Worcester (41); there, we found Lord Sandwich (44), Viscount Stafford (55), the Lieutenant of the Tower, and others. After dinner, my Lord communicated to me his Majesty's (40) desire that I would engage to write the history of our late war with the Hollanders, which I had hitherto declined; this I found was ill taken, and that I should disoblige his Majesty (40), who had made choice of me to do him this service, and, if I would undertake it, I should have all the assistance the Secretary's office and others could give me, with other encouragements, which I could not decently refuse.
Lord Stafford (55) rose from the table, in some disorder, because there were roses stuck about the fruit when the dessert was set on the table; such an antipathy, it seems, he had to them as once Lady Selenger also had, and to that degree that, as Sir Kenelm Digby tells us, laying but a rose upon her cheek when she was asleep, it raised a blister: but Sir Kenelm was a teller of strange things.

On 18 Jun 1679 Charles Moore 2nd Earl Drogheda -1679 died. Henry Hamilton-Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda -1714.

Popish Plot

John Evelyn's Diary 1683 June. 18 Jun 1683. I was present, and saw and heard the humble submission and petition of the Lord Mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen, on behalf of the city of London, on the quo warranto against their charter which they delivered to his Majesty (53) in the presence chamber. It was delivered kneeling, and then the King (53) and Council went into the council chamber, the mayor and his brethren attending still in the presence chamber. After a short space they were called in, and my Lord Keeper made a speech to them, exaggerating the disorderly and riotous behavior in the late election, and polling for Papillon and Du Bois after the Common hall had been formally dissolved: with other misdemeanors, libels on the government, etc., by which they had incurred his Majesty's (53) high displeasure: and that but for this submission, and under such articles as the King (53) should require their obedience to, he would certainly enter judgment against them, which hitherto he had suspended. The things required were as follows: that they should neither elect mayor, sheriffs, aldermen, recorder, common Serjeant town clerk, coroner, nor steward of Southwark, without his Majesty's (53) approbation; and that if they presented any his Majesty (53) did not like, they should proceed in wonted manner to a second choice; if that was disapproved, his Majesty (53) to nominate them; and if within five days they thought good to assent to this, all former miscarriages should be forgotten. And so they tamely parted with their so ancient privileges after they had dined and been treated by the King (53). This was a signal and most remarkable period. What the consequences will prove, time will show. Divers of the old and most learned lawyers and judges were of opinion that they could not forfeit their charter, but might be personally punished for their misdemeanors; but the plurality of the younger judges and rising men judged it otherwise.
The Popish Plot also, which had hitherto made such a noise, began now sensibly to dwindle, through the folly, knavery, impudence, and giddiness of Oates (33), so as the Papists began to hold up their heads higher than ever, and those who had fled, flocked to London from abroad. Such sudden changes and eager doings there had been without anything steady or prudent, for these last seven years.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 June. 18 Jun 1685. I received a warrant to send out a horse with 12 dayes provision, &c.

On 18 Jun 1687 Frederick William Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1687-1749 was born to Frederick Louis Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1653-1728 (34) and Louise Charlotte Oldenburg Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1658-1740 (29).

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 June. 18 Jun 1687. I dined at Mr. Blathwaite's (two miles from Hampton). This gentleman is Secretary of War, Clerk of the Council, etc., having raised himself by his industry from very moderate circumstances. He is a very proper, handsome person, very dexterous in business, and besides all this, has married a great fortune. His income by the Army, Council, and Secretary to the Committee of Foreign Plantations, brings him in above £2,000 per annum.

John Evelyn's Diary 1690 June. 18 Jun 1690. Fast day. Visited the Bishop of St. Asaph (62); his conversation was on the Vaudois in Savoy, who had been thought so near destruction and final extirpation by the French, being totally given up to slaughter, so that there were no hopes for them; but now it pleased God that the Duke of Savoy, who had hitherto joined with the French in their persecution, being now pressed by them to deliver up Saluzzo and Turin as cautionary towns, on suspicion that he might at last come into the Confederacy of the German Princes, did secretly concert measures with, and afterward declared for, them. He then invited these poor people from their dispersion among the mountains whither they had fled, and restored them to their country, their dwellings, and the exercise of their religion, and begged pardon for the ill usage they had received, charging it on the cruelty of the French who forced him to it. These being the remainder of those persecuted Christians which the Bishop of St. Asaph had so long affirmed to be the two witnesses spoken of in the Revelation, who should be killed and brought to life again, it was looked on as an extraordinary thing that this prophesying Bishop should persuade two fugitive ministers of the Vaudois to return to their country, and furnish them with £20 toward their journey, at that very time when nothing but universal destruction was to be expected, assuring them and showing them from the Apocalypse, that their countrymen should be returned safely to their country before they arrived. This happening contrary to all expectation and appearance, did exceedingly credit the Bishop's confidence how that prophecy of the witnesses should come to pass, just at the time, and the very month, he had spoken of some years before.
I afterward went with him to Mr. Boyle (77) and Lady Ranelagh (75) his sister, to whom he explained the necessity of it so fully, and so learnedly made out, with what events were immediately to follow, viz, the French King's ruin, the calling of the Jews to be near at hand, but that the Kingdom of Antichrist would not yet be utterly destroyed till thirty years, when Christ should begin the Millenium, not as personally and visibly reigning on earth, but that the true religion and universal peace should obtain through all the world. He showed how Mr. Brightman, Mr. Mede, and other interpreters of these events failed, by mistaking and reckoning the year as the Latins and others did, to consist of the present calculation, so many days to the year, whereas the Apocalypse reckons after the Persian account, as Daniel did, whose visions St. John all along explains as meaning only the Christian Church.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 June. 18 Jun 1696. The famous trial between my Lord Bath (67) and Lord Montague (57) for an estate of £11,000 a year, left by the Duke of Albemarle, wherein on several trials had been spent £20,000 between them. The Earl of Bath (34) was cast on evident forgery.

On 18 Jun 1715 Sarah Harvey Viscountess Bulkeley 1636-1715 was buried at Llanfor Church, Merionethshire, North-West Wales.

On 18 Jun 1715 Harry Grey 4th Earl Stamford 1715-1768 was born to Harry Grey 3rd Earl Stamford 1685-1739 (30) and Dorothy Wright Countess Stamford 1685-1738 (30) at Enville Hall, Enville.

Before 1738 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman Painter 1694-1744. Portrait of Dorothy Wright Countess Stamford 1685-1738.

On 18 Jun 1720 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (38) was created 1st Duke Bridgewater.

On 18 Jun 1724 Benjamin Mildmay 1st Earl Fitzwalter 1672-1756 (51) and Frederica Schomberg Countess Holderness and Fitzwalter 1687-1751 were married.

Around 1727. Joseph Highmore Painter 1692-1780 (34). Portrait of Frederica Schomberg Countess Holderness and Fitzwalter 1687-1751.

On 18 Jun 1731 Richard Grosvenor 1st Earl Grosvenor 1731-1802 was born to Robert Grosvenor 6th Baronet Grosvenor 1695-1755 (36) and Jane Warre Lady Grosvenor at Eaton Hall, Eaton, Davenham.

On 18 Jun 1740 Piers Butler 1st Earl Newcastle 1652-1740 (88) died.

On 18 Jun 1743 Alexander Gordon 4th Duke Gordon 1743-1827 was born to Cosmo George Gordon 3rd Duke Gordon 1720-1752 (23) and Catherine Gordon Duchess Gordon 1718-1799 (25).

On 18 Jun 1744 Henry Bayly-Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge 1744-1812 was born to Nicholas Bayly 2nd Baronet Plas Newydd Anglesey 1709-1782 (35) and Caroline Paget Lady Plas Newydd Anglesey 1707-1766 (37).

On 18 Jun 1763 Anthony Duncombe 1st Baron Feversham Downton 1695-1763 (68) died.

On 18 Jun 1766 Frederick Morton Eden 2nd Baronet Maryland 1766-1809 was born to Robert Eden 1st Baronet Maryland 1741-1784 (24).

On 18 Jun 1769 Robert Stewart 2nd Marquess Londonderry 1769-1822 was born to Robert Stewart 1st Marquess Londonderry 1739-1821 (29) and Sarah Frances Seymour-Conway 1747-1770 (21) at Henry Street, Dublin.

Around 1800. Hugh Douglas Hamilton Painter 1740-1808 (60). Portrait of Robert Stewart 2nd Marquess Londonderry 1769-1822 (30).

On 18 Jun 1781 Charles Cope 2nd Baronet Cope 1743-1781 was buried at Hanwell.

On 18 Jun 1782 George Rodney 3rd Baron Rodney 1782-1842 was born to George Rodney 2nd Baron Rodney 1753-1802 (28).

On 18 Jun 1787 John Egerton Bishop Bangor, Bishop Lichfield, Bishop of Durham 1721-1787 (65) died.

On 18 Jun 1788 Lucy Manners Duchess Montrose 1717-1788 (71) died.

On 18 Jun 1795 Mary Caroline Berkeley Duchess Grafton 1795-1873 was born to George Cranfield Berkeley 1753-1818 (41) and Emily Charlotte Lennox 1763-1832 (31).

On 18 Jun 1796 Edward Lascelles 1st Earl Harewood 1740-1820 (56) was created 1st Baron Harewood of Harewood in Yorkshire (2C 1796). Anne Chaloner Baroness Harewood 1742-1805 (53) by marriage Baroness Harewood of Harewood in Yorkshire (2C 1796).

On 18 Jun 1813 George Venables-Vernon 2nd Baron Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire 1735-1813 (78) died.

Battle of Waterloo

On 18 Jun 1815 William Ponsonby 1772-1815 (42) was killed at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Edward Hawkins Cheney 1778-1848 (36) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Frederick Howard 1785-1815 (29) was killed during the Battle of Waterloo. He was buried at Castle Howard Mausoleum, Castle Howard, North Yorkshire.

On 18 Jun 1815 Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood 1797-1857 (18) fought at the Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Algernon Frederick Greville 1798-1864 (16) fought at Battle of Waterloo.

On 18 Jun 1815 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey 1768-1854 (47) fought at Waterloo during the Battle of Waterloo: Great Britain and Prussia.

On 18 Jun 1819 Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox Countess Bessborough 1819-1890 was born to Charles Gordon-Lennox 5th Duke Richmond 1791-1860 (27) and Caroline Paget Duchess Richmond 1796-1874 (23).

On 18 Jun 1819 George Augustus Frederick John Fane 1819-1848 was born to John Fane 11th Earl Westmoreland 1784-1859 (35) and Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess Westmoreland 1793-1879 (26).

On 18 Jun 1822 Francis Egerton 1st Earl Ellesmere 1800-1857 (22) and Harriet Greville Countess Ellesmere 1803-1870 (19) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 18 Jun 1824 Henry Thynne Lascelles 4th Earl Harewood 1824-1892 was born to Henry Lascelles 3rd Earl Harewood 1797-1857 (27) and Louisa Thynne Countess Harewood 1801-1859 (23).

On 18 Jun 1831 George Byng 6th Viscount Torrington 1768-1831 (63) died. George Byng 7th Viscount Torrington 1812-1884 (18) succeeded as 7th Viscount Torrington.

On 18 Jun 1907 John Francis Arundell 16th Baron Arundel Wardour 1907-1944 was born to Gerald Arthur Arundell 15th Baron Arundel Wardour 1861-1939 (45) and Ivy Florence Mary Segrave Baroness Arundel Wardour.

On 18 Jun 1934 Arthur Charles Wellesley 4th Duke Wellington 1849-1934 (85) died. His son Arthur Charles Wellesley 5th Duke Wellington 1876-1941 (58) succeeded 5th Duke Wellington (1C 1814), 9th Earl Mornington (1C 1760), 9th Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle. Lillian Maud Glen Coats Duchess Wellington by marriage Duchess Wellington (1C 1814).

On 18 Jun 1939 Almary Bridget Coke 1939- was born to Anthony Louis Lovel Coke 6th Earl of Leicester 1909-1994 (29).

On 18 Jun 1946 Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin Osborne 1888-1946 (57) died.

On 18 Jun 2017 Adam Ivo Stuart Bligh 11th Earl of Darnley 1941-2017 (75) died.