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1380-1389 Peasant's Revolt and Lords Appellant

Peasant's Revolt

Around Jun 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was released from Maidstone Prison, Maidstone by the Kentish rebels. He then preached to the rebels at Blackheath: "When Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then the gentleman? From the beginning all men by nature were created alike, and our bondage or servitude came in by the unjust oppression of naughty men. For if God would have had any bondmen from the beginning, he would have appointed who should be bond, and who free. And therefore I exhort you to consider that now the time is come, appointed to us by God, in which ye may (if ye will) cast off the yoke of bondage, and recover liberty". When the rebels had dispersed, Ball was taken prisoner at Coventry, given a trial in which, unlike most, he was permitted to speak.

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.

On 14 Jun 1381 the rebels gained access to the Tower Hill capturing Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (14), Joan Holland Duchess York 1380-1484 (1) and Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65).
Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) was beheaded at Tower Hill. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

On 15 Jun 1381 John Cavendish 1346-1381 (35) was captured at Church of St Mary, Cavendish during the Peasant's Revolt. He (35) was beheaded in the Market Place in Bury St Edmunds.

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7).

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Battle of North Walsham

On 25 Jun 1381 Henry Despencer Bishop of Norwich 1341-1406 (40) brought the Peasant's Revolt to an end at North Walsham at the Battle of North Walsham.

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married (he was her fourth-cousin) at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

On 22 Jan 1382 Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19). Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

Peter IV King Aragon Dies John I King Aragon Succeeds

On 06 Jan 1387 Peter IV King Aragon 1319-1387 (67) died. His son John I King Aragon 1350-1396 (36) succeeded I King Aragon.

Lords Appellant

In 1386 Alexander Neville Archbishop of York 1341-1392 (45) was accused of treason and it was detErmined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle. During the Lords Appellant.

In 1387 Richard Mitford Bishop -1407 was arrested by Lords Appellant and imprisoned in Bristol Castle, Bristol. He was then imprisoned in the Tower of London. Thereafter he was released without charge..

In 1397 Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (58) was imprisoned at Beauchamp Tower, Tower of London during the Lords Appellant.

Before 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 was imprisoned in Calais to await trial for treason for being the leader of the Lords Appellant.

Around 08 Sep 1397 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (42) was murdered in Calais for his role as leader of the Lords Appellant. His son Humphrey Plantagenet 2nd Earl Buckingham 1381-1399 (16) succeeded 2nd Earl Buckingham (3C 1377). Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 was part of the inquiry into his death the outcome of which is not known. A John Hall was executed for the murder.

Battle of Radcot Bridge

On 22 Dec 1387 the forces of the Lords Appellant led by the future Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (20) defeated the forces of Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) during the Battle of Radcot Bridge at Radcot. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (25) narrowly escaped.

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried. Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 pronounced the death sentences.

Battle of Otterburn

On 05 Aug 1388 a Scottish army commanded by John Swinton -1402 defeated an English army commanded by Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) during the Battle of Otterburn at Otterburn. Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (24) and his brother Ralph Percy were captured as was Matthew Redman 1328-1389 (59). On the Scottish side James Douglas 2nd Earl Douglas 1358-1388 (30) was killed, John Dunbar 4th Earl Moray -1391 fought. The English suffered 1000 killed, 2000 captured. The Scottish 100 killed, 200 captured.

Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.
John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament. His half first-cousin twice-removed Hugh Hastings 6th Baron Hastings 1336-1369 succeeded 6th Baron Hastings (1C 1295). Margaret Everingham Baroness Hastings 1331-1375 by marriage Baroness Hastings (1C 1295).